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Full text of "Journal of the Derbyshire Archaeological and Natural History Society"

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JOURNAL 

OF THE 

H)erb^8bice Ercb^ological 

AND 

NATURAL HISTORY SOCIETY 

EDITED BY 

REV. F. C. HIPKINS M.A. F.S.A. 

AND 

W. J. ANDREW 



VOL. XXIII 



MARCH I 901 



Printed for the Society by 

BEMROSE & SONS LTD. 23 OLD BAILEY LONDON 

AND DERBY 



CONTENTS. 



PAGE 



List of Officers v 

Rules vii 

List of Members x 

Acting Hon. Secretary's Report xviii 

Balance Sheet xxii 

The Court Rolls of Baslow, Derbyshire, commencing Anno 
13 Ed. IL (1319-20). (Con/ 1 lined fro fit Vol. XXII., p. 90). 

By Rev. C. Kerry i 

Notes on a Pre-historic Burial-Place at Megdai.e, near 
Matlock Bridge. 

By John Ward, F.S.A. 40 

Royal Aids for the County of Derby, temf. Eliz. 

By W. a. Carrington 4S 

The Ornithology of Derbyshire. A Retrospf.ct. 

By the Rev. Francis C. U. Jourdain, M.A., 

Member of (he British Ornithologists' Union - - - 58 

Records of the County of Derby. 

By W. a. Carrington 63 

The Lost Manor of Mestesforde. 

By Benjamin Bryan 77 

Proceedings taken in Winstrr Church regarding the Con- 
sanguinity OF the Parties to the Marriage of two of 
the Staffords of Eyam. Deed daied 1308. 

Contributed by Charles E. B. Bowles - - - 83 

Depositions in Action for Trespass brought by Henry 
FuRNiss against Robert Eyre. 

By Charles E. B. Bowles 87 

Melandra Castle. 

By John Garstang 90 

Report of the Excavations in 1889-1900. 

By Robert Hamnett, Hon. Secretary to the Melandra 

Excavation Fund 99 

A Note on the Most Recent Discoveries in Repton Church 
Crypt. 

By the Rev. F. C. Hipkins, M.A., F.S.A. - - - 105 

The Early Defensive Earthwork on Comb Moss. 

By I. Chalkiey Gould 108 



ILLUSTRATIONS. 



PAGE 

Deed of Proceedings taken in Winster Church - -Frontispiece 
Section of Pre-historic Buriai.-Place at Megdalk • ■ . 42 

Skull A, found at Megdale 44 

Plan of Melandra Castle 9' 

Details of Eastern Entrance of Melandra Castle - - 93 
The Pr^torium of Melandra Castle ..... 96 

Plan of Repton Church Crypt opposite 105 

Earthwork on Comb Moss "o 



LIST OF OFFICERS. 



THE 



DUKE OF RUTLAND, K. G. 



IBite-||nsibenls : 



The Most Reverend The 
Duke of Norfolk, K.G., E.M. 
Duke of Devonshire, K.G. 
Duke of Portland. 
Lord Scarsdale. 
Lord Waterpark. 
Lord Belper. 
Lord Howard of Glossop. 
Lord Burton. 
Lord Hawkesbury. 
Right Rev, Lord Bishop of 

Southwell. 
Hon. W. M. Jervis. 
Hon. Frederick Strutt. 
Right Rev. Bishop Abraham. 



Lord Archbishop of York. 
Right Rev. The Bishop of 

Derby. 
Sir H. Wilmot, Bart., V.C, 

K.C.B. 
Sir J. G. N. Alleyne, Bart. 
Rev. Sir Rd. FitzHerbert, Bt. 
Sir Geo. Sitwell, Bari-. 
Sir H. H. Bemrose. 
J. G. Crompton, Esq. 
G. F, Meynell, Esq. 
W. H. G. Bagshawe, Esq. 
Col. \V. Sidebottom. 
Col. Cotton-Jodrell. 
Arthur Cox, Esq. 



Coundl 



George Bailey. 

William Bemrose. 

John Borough. 

Rev. J. Chas. Cox, LL.D. 

C. James Cade. 

J. Gallop. 

W. Mallalieu. 

W. R. Holland. 

Rev. Charles Kerry. 

John Ward. 

J. R. Naylor. 

H. Arnold-Bemrose. 



Sir a. Seale Haslam. 

Rev. Reg. H. C. FitzHerbert. 

W. A. Carrington. 

C. B. Keene. 

Geo. Bottomley. 

Rev. F. C. Hipkins. 

Rev. R. Jowett Burton. 

Rev. W. H. Arkwright. 

Rev. F. Brodhurst. 

C. E. B. Bowles. 

H. A. Hubbersty. 



loint Hon. ^bitots : 



Rev. F. C. Hipkins. 



W. J. Andrew. 



VI LIST OF OFFICERS . 

Jon. Crea surer : 

C. E. Newton. 

Jon. >§ftretarn : 

p. H. CURREY. 

Jon. Jfinaiwial Sccretarir: 

W. Mallalieu. 

Jon. Iiubitors : 

C. B. Keene. I Wm. Bemrose. 

Sub-Co nimittees : 

SOUTHERN DIVISION.— Hon. F. Strutt, A. Cox, C. Bailey, 
C. E. B. Bowles, C. B. Keene, Rev. F. C. Hipkins, Rev. R. J. Burton, 
Rev. R. H. C. FitzHerbert, H. Arnold-Bemrose, J. Borough, 
W. Mallalieu, and P. H. Currey {Hon. Sec). 

NORTHERN DIVISION. -H. A. Hubbersty, Rev. C. C. 
Nation, Rev. W. Fyldes, T. C. Toler, J. L. Leigh, \V. J. Andrew, 
R. M. Esplin, R. B. Parker, E. Gunson, and W. R. Bryden {Hon. Sec). 



1 



RULES. 



I. — Name. 
The Society shall be called the " Derbyshire Arch^ological 
AND Natural History Society." 

II. — Object. 

The Society is instituted to examine, preserve, and illustrate 
the Archpeology and Natural History of the County of Derby. 

III. — Operation. 

The means which the Society shall employ for effecting its 
objects are : — 

I. — Meetings for the purpose of Reading Papers, the 

Exhibition of Antiquities, etc., and the discussion of 

subjects connected therewith. 
2.— General Meetings each year at given places rendered 

interesting by their antiquities or by their natural 

development. 
3. — The publication of original papers and ancient 

documents, etc. 

IV.— Ol'FICERS. 

The Officers of the Society shall consist of a President and Vice- 
Presidents, whose elections shall be for life ; and an Honorary 
Treasurer and Honorary Secretary, who shall be elected annually. 

V. — Council. 

The General Management of the affairs and property of the 
Society shall be vested in a Council, consisting of the President, 



Vice-Presidents, Honorary Treasurer, Honorary Secretary, and 
twenty-four Members, elected from the general body of Sub- 
scribers ; eight of such twenty-four Members to retire annually 
in rotation, but to be eligible for re-election. All vacancies 
occurring during the year to be provisionally filled up by the 
Council. 

VI. — Admission of Members. 

The election of Members, who must be proposed and seconded 
in writing by two Members of the Society, shall take place at 
any meeting of the Council, or at any General Meetings of the 
Society. 

VH. —Subscriptions. 
Each Member on election after March 31st, 1878, shall pay an 
Entrance Fee of Five Shillings, and an Annual Subscription of 
Ten Shillings and Sixpence. All subscriptions to become due, in 
advance, on the ist January each year, and to be paid to the 
Treasurer. A composition of Five Guineas to constitute Life 
Membership. The composition of Life Members and the 
Admission Fee of Ordinary Members to be funded, and the 
interest arising from them to be applied to the general objects of 
the Society. Ladies to be eligible as Members on the same 
terms. No one shall be entitled to his privileges as a Member 
of the Society whose subscription is six months in arrear. 

VHL — Honorary Members. 

The Council shall have the power of electing distinguished 
Antiquaries as Honorary Members. Honorary Members shall 
not be resident in the County, and shall not exceed twelve in 
number. Their privileges shall be the same as those of Ordinary 
Members. 

IX. — Meetings of Council. 

The Council shall meet not less than six times in each year, 
at such place or places as may be determined upon. Special 
meetings may also be held at the request of the President, or 



Five Members of the Society. Five members of Council to 
form a quorum. 

X. — Sub-Committees. 

The Council shall have the power of appointing from time to 
time such sectional or Sub-Committees as may seem desirable 
for the carrying out of special objects. Such Sectional or Sub- 
Committees to report the proceedings to the Council for 
confirmation. 

XI. — General Meetings. 

The Annual Meeting of the Society shall be held in January 
each year, when the Accounts, properly audited, and a Report 
shall be presented, the Officers elected, and vacancies in the 
Council filled for the ensuing year. The Council may at any 
time call a General Meeting, specifying the object for which 
that Meeting is to be held. A clear seven days' notice of all 
General Meetings to be sent to each Member. 

XII. — Alteration of Rules. 

No alteration in the Rules of the Society shall be made except 
by a majority of two-thirds of the Members present at an 
Annual or other General Meeting of the Society. Full notice of 
any intended alteration to be sent to each Member at least 
seven days before the date of such Meeting. 



LIST OF MEMBERS. 



The Members whose names are preceded by an asterisk (*) are Life Members. 



Cox, Rev. J. Charles, LL.D., F.S.A., Clyde Lodge, 

De Frene Road, Sydenham, S.E. 
Hope, W. H. St. ]nhn, Burlington House, Piccadilly, 

London. 
Kerry, Rev. Charles, Smalley, Derby. 
Wrottesley, General The Hon. George, 75, Cadogan 

Gardens, London, S.W. 



Honorary Members. 



*Abney, Sir W. de W., K.C.B., F.R.S., Measham Hall, Ashby-de-la-Zouch. 

*Abraham, The Right Rev. Bishop, Bakewell. 

Adcock, F., Diocesan School, Friar Gate, Derby. 

Adshead, G. H., Fern Villas, Bolton Road, Pendleton. 

Alleyne, Sir John G. N., Bart., Chevin House, Belper. 

Allsopp, The Hon. A. Percy, Battenhall Mount, Worcester. 

Andrew, W. J., Cadster, near Whaley Bridge. 

*Arkwright, Rev. W. Harry, Nether House, Wirksworth. 

*Arkwright, F. C, Willersley, Cromford. 

Arkwright, Miss Florence, The Hall, Wirksworth. 

* Arnold- Bemrose, H., F.G.S., Friar Gate, Derby, 

Auden, Rev. W., Church Broughton. 



LIST OF MEMBERS. X! 

Bagshawe, W. H. G., Ford Hall, Chapel-en-le-Frith. 

Bailey, Mrs., Temple House, Derby. 

Bailey, George, Elmfield, Otter Street, Derby. 

Barker, J. E., K.C., Brooklands, Bakewell. 

Bateman, F. O. F., Melbourne, Derby. 

Bateman, Miss, Rowditch Lodge, Derby. 

Beamish, Lt. -Colonel, R.E., Home Office, Whitehall, London. 

Beard, Nevill, The Mount, Ashburne. 

Beckton, Rev. A. J., The Vicarage, Alfreton. 

Bendle, S. B., Reservoir House, Disley, Cheshire. 

Benthall, Dr., Cedars, Breadsall, Derby. 

Benthall, Mrs., Cedars, Breadsall, Derby. 

Belper, The Right Honourable Lord, Kingston Hall. 

*Bemrose, Sir II. H., Uttoxeter New Road, Derby. 

Bemrose, William', F.S.A., Elmhurst, Lonsdale Hill, Derby. 

Bennett, George, Irongate, Derby. 

Blackwall, J. B. E. , Biggin, Wirksworth. 

Bogonschevsky, The Baron Nicholas Cassimir de, Pskov, Russia. 

Borough, John, The Cedars, Belper. 

Bottomley, G., 140, Uttoxeter Road, Derby. 

Bowen, C, Ollerenshaw Hall, Whaley Bridge. 

Bowen, H., Ollerenshaw PL1II, Whaley Bridge. 

Bowles, Chas. E. B. , The Leas, Wirksworth. 

Bradbury, Wm. Laurence, 10, Bouverie Street, Fleet Street, London, E.C. 

Brigden, Geo., Irongate, Derby. 

Bryden, W. R., Lakenhani, Burlington Road, Buxton. 

Broadhurst, Rev. Fredk., Heath, Chesterfield. 

Brothers, F. W., St. Heliers, Upper Richmond Road, Putney. 

Brushfield, T. N., M.D., The Cliff, Budleigh-Salterton, Devon. 

Bryan, Benj., 18, Grandison Road, Clapham Common, London, S.W. 

Buchanan, Alexander, 8, Wilson Street, Derby. 

Bunting, W. Braylesford, Chapel-en-Ie-Frith. 

Burton, The Right Hon. The Lord, Rangemore, Burton-on -Trent. 

Burton, Rev. R. Jowett, Stanton-by-Dale, Nottingham. 



*Cade, Chas. James, The Homestead, Spondon. 

*Cammell, G. H., Brookfield Manor, Hathersage. 

Carr, Rev. Canon, Holbrooke, Derby. 

Carrington, W. Alex., Wye Cottage, Bakewell. 

Carrington, Arthur, Langdale House, Clapham Road, Bedford. 

CaruUa, F. J. R., F.C.S., 84, Argyle Terrace, Rosehill, Derby 



*" LIST OF MEMBERS. 

Chambers, R. B., Green Hill, Derby. 

Chetham Library, Manchester— VV. T. Browne. 

Clark, G. D'Arcy, Biirnaston, Derby. 

Clarke, C, The Grove, Bramcote, Notts. 

Clarke, W. H., Park Green, Macclesfield. 

Cockburn, C. S., Sutton Rock, Chesterfield. 

*Cokayne, G. E., F.S.A., College of Arms, London. 

*Coke, Colonel Talbot, Debdale, Mansfield. 

Coleman, Rev. W. L., Staveley. 

Constable, W. G., 32, Ashburne Road, Derby. 

Cooke, Charles, Spondon. 

Copestake, Mrs., Kirk Langley. 

Corfield, F. C, Ormonde Fields, Codnor. 

Cotton-Jodrell, Col. J., Shallcross Manor, VVhaley Bridge. 

*Cox, Arthur, Mill Hill, Derby. 

Cox, F. Walker, Priory Flatte, Breadsall, Derby. 

Crompton, J. J., The Lilies, Derliy. 

*Cross, Roljert, Bakewell. 

Curgenven, W. G., M.D., Friar Gate, Derby. 

Currey, B. S., Little Eaton Hill, Derby. 

Currey, Rev, R. H. S., ICX3, Friar Gate, Derby. 

Currey, Percy H., Little Eaton Hill, Derby. 

Curzon, William, Lockington Hall, Derby. 

Darby, Stephen, Cookham Dean, Berks. 

Davis, A. v., The Beeches, Spondon. 

*Davis, Frederick, F.S.A., Palace Chambers, St. Stephen's, Westminster. 

Derby, the Right Rev. The Bishop of, Ashburne Road, Derby. 

Devonshire, His Grace The Duke of, K.G., Chatsworth. 



Eddowes, C. K., Strand, Derby. 

Esplin, R. M., Farringford, Buxton. 

Esplin, Miss, Farringford, Buxton. 

Evans, Walter, Darley Abbey. 

*Evans, John, 20, Bolton Street, Piccadilly, London. 

Evans, Henry, Highfields, Derby. 

*Eyre, Lewis, Padley, Edge Hill, Wimbledon, Surrey. 



•Fane, William Dashwood, Fulbeck, Lines. 
Farmer, Rev. R, L. , Shardlow. 



LIST OF MEMBERS. XUI 

*Fitz-Herbert, Rev. Sir Richard, Tissington, Derby. 
*Fitzherbert, Rev. Regd. H. C, Somersal Herbert, Derby. 
Freer, The Venerable Archdeacon, Sudbury, Derby. 
Furness, Geo., The Grange, Willesden Grange, London, N.W. 
Fyldes, Rev. W., Hartington, Ashburne. 



Galbraith, A., Catterich, Manchester Road, Buxton. 

Gallop, Joseph, Normanton Road, Derby. 

*Garrett-Pegg, J. W., Chesham House, Chesham Bois, Bucks. 

Garstang, J., Bank House, Blackburn. 

•Gisborne, L., Allestree Hall, Derby. 

Glossop and District Archaeological Society — R. Hamnett, 24, Norfolk St. 

Glover, E. M. , Pear Tree House, Ockbrook. 

Goode, Mrs. 

Goodey, W. H., 40, Ashburne Road, Derby. 

Goodman, G. D., Compton Road, Buxton. 

*Good\vin, F. S., Bridge House, Bake well. 

Goodwin, Rd., 52, Hartington Street, Derby. 

Gould, J. C, Traps Hill House, Loughton, Essex. 

Greensmith, L. J., 10, Wilson Street, Derby. 

Gregory, Thos., Eyam, Sheffield. 

Gretton, John, M.P. , Sudbury, Derby. 

Gunson, E., Parsonage Road, Withington, Manchester. 



Hall, Col. E., Horwich House, Whaley Bridge. 

Hawinett, Robert, 24, Norfolk Street, Glossop. 

Harpur-Crewe, Lady, Spring Hill, East Cowes, I.W. 

*Harpur-Crewe, Hugo, Spring Hill, East Cowes, LW. 

Harwood, James, Tenant Street, Derby, 

Haslam, Sir A. Scale, Breadsall Priory, Derby. 

Haslam, A. V., Breadsall Priory, Derby. 

*Hawkesbuiy, The Lord, Kirkham Abbey, York. 

Heathcote, C, Wychwood, St. John's Road, Buxton. 

Heathcote, W., Bankwood, Duffield. 

Hicks, G., Melrose, The Park, Buxton. 

Hipkins, Rev. F. C, F.S.A., Repton. 

Holland, W. R., Ashburne. 

Holmes, H. M., London Road, Derby. 

Holmes, G. E., London Road, Derby. 

*Hovenden, R., Heathcote, Park Hill Road, Croydon. 



xiv LIST OF MEMBERS. 

Howard of Glossop, The Right Hon. The Lord, GIossop Hall. 

Howell, Rev. J., All Saints' Vicarage, Derby. 

Hubbersty, H. A., Burbage, Buxton. 

Huish, Darwin, Kirk Haliam, Derby. 

♦Hunter, John, Quarry Bank, Belper. 

*Hurt, Albert F., Alderwasley, Derbyshire. 

Hurt, Miss, 46, Clifton Gardens, Maida Hill, London, W. 

Hurt, Miss Grace S. F., Chase Cliffe, Whatstandwell. 

*Jervis, The Hon. W. M., Quarndon, Derby. 

*Jeudwine, W. W., Walton Lodge, Chesterfield. 

*Jobson, Godfrey, Redlands, Sidmouth. 

Johnson, E. S., Littleover Hill, Derby. 

Johnson, Mrs. Thewlis, Alderwasley, Derby. 

Jourdain, Rev. Francis C. R., Clifton Vicarage, Ashburne. 

Joyce, The Hon. Sir M. J., 4, Stone Buildings, Lincoln's Inn, London, W.C. 

Keene, C. B., Irongate, Derby. 
Keys, Mrs., Rose Hill Street, Derby. 
Kirke, H., Wadham College, Oxford. 

Lawson, J. H., The Square, "Buxton. 

Leigh, I. L., Lindhurst, The Park, Buxton. 

Lichfield, The Dean and Chapter of— Chas. Gresley, The Close, Lichfield. 

Little, G. W., Park House, Whaley Bridge. 

Livesay, Wm., M.D., Sudbury, Derby. 

Lomas, Geo. H., Diglatch, Chapel-en-le-Frith. 

*Longden, J. A., Stanton-by-Dale, Nottingham. 

Lowe, J. Landor, The Birches, Burton Road, Derby. 

Lunn, Richard, 122, Rose Hill Street, Derbj'. 

Luscombe, Rev. J. S., 9, King Street, Rock Ferry. 

*Mallalieu, W., Swallows' Rest, Ockbrook. 

Manchester Public Free Library— The Chief Librarian, Manchester. 

Manton, J. O., Wharfedale Villa, Swinburne Street, Derby. 

Marples, G. J., Thornbridge Hall, Bakewell. 

Marsden, Geo., Wirksworth. 

Marriott, L., Thornsetl, Burhngton Road, Buxton. 

McDonald, J. Allen, The Hollies, Borrowash, Derby. 

Mclnnes, E., Littleover, Derby. 



LIST OF MEMBERS. 

Mead-Waldo, Mrs., The Gables, Wirksworth. 

Meakin, Miss, Spondon. 

Meakin, Miss M. A., Spondon. 

Meggison, A., Terrace Road, Buxton. 

Mello, Rev. J. Magens, Mapperley, Derliy. 

Meynell, Godfrey F., Meynell Langley, Derby. 

Midwood, S., Burbage House, Buxton. 

Milligan, Colonel, Cauldwell Hall, Burton-on-Trent. 

Milligan, E. C., Clifford Lodge, Buxton. 

Milnes, Rev. Herbert, The Friars, Priory Street, Cheltenham. 

Milnes, Rev. N. B., The Knowle, Hazelwood, Derby. 

Milnes, E. S., County Club, Derby. 

Molineux, Rev. C. H., Staveley Rectory, Chesterfield. 

Moorhouse, F., 51, Central Road, West Didsbury, Manchester. 

Mundy, Edward Miller, Shipley Hall. 

Murray, Frank, London Street, Derby. 



Nation, Rev. C. C, The Vicarage, Buxton. 

Naylor, J. R., Kirk Leys, Derby. 

Newton, C. E., The Manor House, Mickleover. 

Nicholson, J. W., Westbourne, Buxton. 

Norfolk, His Grace the Duke of, K.G., E.M., Arundel Castle. 

Nottingham Public Library, South Sherwood Street, Nottingham. 



Oakes, T. H., Riddings House. 
Oakes, C. H., Holly Hurst, Riddings. 
* Oakes, James, Holly Hurst, Riddings. 



Parker, R. B., The Park, Buxton. 

Peck, Dr., St. Helen's, Chesterfield. 

Peters, C. A., Peters, Bartsch & Co., Derby. 

Piatt, Joseph, Sudbury, Derby. 

♦Portland, His Grace the Duke of, Welbeck, Notts. 

Richardson, Mrs. W. H., 177, Burton Road, West Didsbury, Manchester. 

Ringrose, Rev. R., Bath Street, Buxton. 

Robinson, Mrs. F. J., Darley Slade, Duffield Road, Derby. 

Rowley, F., Rock Cottage, Whaley Bridge. 

♦Rutland, His Grace the Duke of, K.G., Belvoir Castle. 



Xvi LIST OF MEMBERS. 

Sale, G. Hanson, Holme Cottage, Burton Road, Derby. 

Sale, W. H., The Uplands, Burton Road, Derby. 

Saxby, E., Abendune, Furness Vale. 

Scarsdale, The Right Hon. Lord, Kedleston. 

Seely, Charles, Sherwood Lodge, Nottingham. 

Shaw, John, Normanton House, Derby. 

Sheffield Free Library— Thos. Hurst, Surrey Street, Sheffield. 

Sheldon, J. P., The Brund, Sheen, Ashburne. 

Shore-Nightingale, Mrs., Lea Hurst, Cromford. 

Sidebottom, Col. W., Harewood Lodge, Mottram, Cheshire. 

Simmonds, T. C, Technical College, Derby. 

Simpson, John, Hopton Wood Stone Co., Wirksworth. 

Sing, Rev. Canon, Cromford Vicarage, Derby. 

Slater, Wm., Vernon Street, Derby. 

Slater, Mrs. W., Vernon Street, Derby. 

Sitwell, Sir George, Bart., F.S.A., Renishaw, Chesterfield. 

*Sleigh, Myles A., E%'ersley, Matlock. 

Smedley, J. Marsden, Lea, Matlock. 

Smedley, Mrs. J., Lea, Matlock. 

Smilter, C, Crescent Hotel, Buxton. 

Smith, A. W., Sadley, Manchester Road, Buxton. 

Smith, F. N., Wingfield Park, Alfreton. 

*Southwell, Right Rev. Lord Bishop of, Thurgarton Priory, Notts. 

Spafford, H., Glenariff, Whaley Bridge. 

Spilsbury, Rev. B. W., Findern, Derby. 

Stephenson, M., F.S.A., 14, Ritherdon Road, Tooting, London, S.W, 

*Strutt, The Hon. Frederick, Milford House, Derl)y. 

Strutt, Herbert G., Makeney, Derby. 

Syms, T., Buxton. 

Tallent-Bateman, C. T., Cromwell Road, Stretford, Manchester. 
Taylor, Rev. Canon Thomas, St. Breward's, Bodmin, Cornwall. 
*Taylor, H. Brooke, Bakewell. 
Taylor, A. G., St. Mary's Gate, Derby. 
*Thornewill, Robert, Craythorne, Burton-on-Trent. 
Toler, T. C, Hockley, Whaley Bridge. 

Trubshaw, Chas., St. Aubyn Villa, 123, Osmaston Road, Derby. 
Trueman, Edwin, 147, Bath Street, Ilkeston. 
Trueman, H., The Lea, Esher, Surrey. 
Turbutt, W. Gladwyn, Ogston Hall, Alfreton. 
Turlon, W. H., Heanor, Derby. 

Unwin, R., The Quadrant, Buxton. 



LIST OF MEMBERS. 

Wadsworth, A. F., 15, Weekday Cross, Nottingham. 

Walker, J., Old Uttoxeter Road, Derby. 

Walker, Rev. H. Miines, Littleover Vicarage. 

*WaIthaII, H. W., Alton Manor, Wirksworth. 

Ward, John, Corporation Art Gallery, Cardiff. 

Waterpark, The Right Hon. Lord, Doveridge. 

Watts, J., Abney Hall, Cheadle, Cheshire. 

Webster, W. D., Oxford House, Bicester, Oxoii. 

*Whiston, W. Harvey, Idridgehay. 

Whitehead, G. H. Taylor, Burton Closes, Bakewell. 

*WiImot, Sir Henry, Bart., V.C, K.C.B., Chaddesden Hall. 

Wilmot, Rev. F. E. W., Burbage, Buxton. 

Wilson, Rev. A. P. Hamilton, The Vicarage, Glossop. 

Wilson, Arthur, 30, Ashburne Road, Derby. 

Wilson, W. Mortimer, The Firs, Alfreton. 

Winkley, Rev. A. R. Thorold, Buxton. 

Woodforde, W. B., The Cottage, Spondon. 

Woods, Sir Albert, Garter-King-at-Arms, College of Arms, London. 

*Wright, Charles, Wirksworth. 

York, The Most Rev. the Lord Archbishop of, Bishopthorpe, York. 



REPORT OF THE ACTING HON. 
SECRETARY. 



I HE Twenty-second Anniversary of the Society was 
j held, by kind permission of the Committee, in the 
' Technical College, on Monday, April 2nd, 1900. 

Sir Henry H. Bemrose, Vice-President of the 
Society, took the Chair. The Report of the last year was 
read and adopted. The Meeting confirmed the provisional 
appointment, by the Council, of Mr. C. E. B. Bowles to the 
seat on the Council vacant by the death of Mr. E. Greenhough. 
All the retiring members of Council (under Rule V.) were 
re-elected, viz., Messrs. W. Bemrose, Bailey, Cade, and Gallop, 
Revs. R. J. Burton, Dr. J. C. Cox, and F. C. Hipkins; as 
were also the Hon. Secretary, Hon. Secretary of Finance, the 
Hon. Treasurer, and the Auditors. The Hon. Secretary, 
owing to business engagements, wished to be temporarily relieved 
of his duties, and the Hon. Finance Secretary undertook to 
take his place until such time as Mr. Cox's engagements should 
enable him to resume his office. Messrs. A. V. Davies, Stephen 
Darby, F. A. Wadsworth, C. A. Peters, and W. H. Turton 
were elected members of the Society. A paper was read by 
Mr. John Ward on " Roman Roads in Derbyshire," and Mr. 
H. Arnold-Bemrose gave an address, illustrated by magic lantern 
slides, on " Evidences of Volcanic Action, Earth Movement, 
and Ice Work seen in some Railway Cuttings near Ashburne." 



REPORT, 



The twenty-first volume of the Society's "Proceedings" was 
distributed. 

An expedition of the Society was held on June 27th to visit 
Melandra Castle. The party left Derby in saloon carriages at 
10.30 a.m. for Marple, where brakes met them, and they were 
driven to Glossop. After luncheon they drove to the site of 
Melandra Castle, some two miles distant, and Mr. R. Hamnett, 
of Glossop, kindly explained the traces of the old Roman 
Camp which has been uncovered during the recent excavations 
undertaken by the Glossop and Neighbourhood Antiquarian 
Society. Afterwards the members in.spected the numerous 
interesting articles in the Glossop Museum which had been 
discovered in the area of Melandra Castle ; and after partaking 
of tea, drove back to Marple, where they joined the train at 
8.8 p.m. to Derby. 

During the course of the year the above-mentioned " Glossop 
and Neighbourhood Antiquarian Society" has been definitely 
affiliated with your Society, and the negotiations mentioned in 
the Report for the previous year have been completely suc- 
cessful. 

The past year has seen important changes in the persons of 
the officials of your Society. At the beginning of the year, 
the Rev. Chas. Kerry, who for some time had ably acted as 
Editor of the Journal, was compelled to resign his office, owing 
to failing health, much to the regret of your Council. A suc- 
cessor was appointed— the Rev. F. C. Hipkins, M.A., F.S.A., of 
Repton. 

In October, Mr. Arthur Cox intimated to the Council that 
he saw no prospect of being able again to resume his duties 



as Honorary Secretary of the Society, and wished definitely 
to resign the office. It is almost needless to point out to the 
members of our Society the serious loss it will be to us to 
be deprived of the valuable services of our late Hon. Secretary, 
so freely and ably given for many years. Appointed to the 
office at the commencement of the Derbyshire Archaeological 
and Natural History Society in 1878, his abihties, interest in 
all questions relating to Archseology and Natural History, 
courtesy, and tact have done not a little to secure the continued 
prosperity of our Society. No one, who has even a little 
experience in the working of a Society like ours, can fail to 
appreciate the immense amount of time and trouble freely 
given to the cause of Archaeology, and the interests of our 
County Association by Mr. A. Cox during the twenty-two years 
of his term of office. I am sure that every one of our members 
will cordially agree with the resolution of their Council, passed 
on October 25th, 1900, that "The hearty thanks of the Council 
be given to Mr. Arthur Cox for the valuable services rendered 
by him to the Society as Hon. Secretary since its formation 
twenty-two years ago. The Council receive his resignation with 
deep regret, and wish to place on record their grateful sense 
of the efficient manner in which he has managed the affairs 
of the Society for so many years " ; and will heartily endorse 
the Council's recommendation that the name of Mr; A. Cox 
be added to the list of our Vice-Presidents. 

The Council suggests to the General Meeting that Mr. Percy 
H. Currey be asked to take the vacant office of Hon. Secretary. 

A movement which promises to have important results in 
connection with the Northern part of the County, in arousing 



interest in Archaeology, and strengthening our County Society 
has taken shape during the course of last year. Your Council 
have given the matter their careful consideration, and, after 
friendly conference with those interested in the subject in 
Buxton and the neighbourhood, it has been arranged that 
Northern and Southern Sub-committees be appointed by the 
Council to take charge of local business, and arrange expedi- 
tions and meetings, with power to elect their own Hon. 
Secretaries. Mr. W. J. Andrew, of Cadster, near Whaley 
Bridge, as representing the northern part of the County, has 
been appointed co-editor with the Rev. F. C. Hipkins. Already 
forty-eight new applications for membership have been received 
from the Northern Branch, through its Hon. Sec, Mr. W. R. 
Bryden, and it is hoped that the total may soon reach a hundred. 

Emboldened by this accession of strength, a room has been 
hired over Mr. Frost's shop in the Market Place, adjoining 
the offices of the Hon. Secretary designate, Mr. P. H. Currey, 
to serve as headquarters of the Society, as a meeting- 
place for your Council, and as a library where the important 
collection of Transactions of other Societies received in exchange 
for our own can be readily accessible to our members. 

Your Council has again lost one of its members, during the 
course of the year, through the death of Dr. G. H. Milnes. 

W. MALLALIEU, 

Acting Hon. Sec. 
Swallows^ Rest, 

Ockbrook, Derby. 

March, 1 90 1 . 



BALANCE SHEET. 



Dcrb^6bire Brcb^olOQical an^ 

Dr. REVENUE ACCOUNT FOR THE YEAR 

1900. L s. d. 

Dec. 31. To Printing yi3?/;7/a/ ... ... ... ... ... 51 10 o 

„ Y,ii\\\x\g Journal ... ... ... ... ... 20 o o 

,, Printing and Stationery ... ... ... ... 8 9 10 

. ,, Acting Hon. Secretary, Expenses of Meeting 

and Postage 459 

,, Two years' .Subscriptions to the Congress of 

ArchKological Societies ... ... ... 200 

,, Expenses of Change of Investment .. ... o 12 6 



;f86 18 I 



NET REVENUE 



1900. £ s. d. 
Jan. I. To Balance, being Deficiency on Revenue Account 

at this date 141 13 3 

Dec. 31. ,, Balance deficient on Revenue Account, 1900 ... 269 



£144 o o 



BALANCE SHEET, 

1900. Liabilities. £ s. d. £ s. d. 

Dec. 31. Capital Account as per last Balance Sheet 354 5 o 
Add Life Compositions (3) received in 

1900 

,, Entrance Fees (7) received in 
1900 

Less Deficiency on Revenue Account ... 



Examined and found correct, 
28th Jan., 1901, 

C. BARROW KEENE. 



15 IS 




I 15 




371 


15 


144 





;^227 


15 



BALANCE SHEET. 



H^atural Ibietor^ Society. 



ENDING DECEMBER 31ST, 1900. 
1900. 

Dec. 31. By Subscriptions 

,, Sale of Bound Copies and Journals 

,, Interest on Investments 

,, Balance, being Deficiency on year 



Cr. 

£ s. d. 

72 9 o 

480 

7 14 4 
269 



£86 18 I 



ACCOUNT. 

1900. 

Dec. 31. By Balance carried forward 



£ s. d. 
144 o o 



;fi44 o o 



DECEMBER 31ST, 1900. 

1900. Assets. 

Dec. 31. Investments — 

Derby Corporation Stock, 4 °/o 
Derby Corporation Stock, 3 % 

Crompton & Evans' Union Bank, viz. : 
In hand on Capital Account 

Overdrawn on Revenue Account .. 



d. £ 



120 











100 





220 













151 15 











144 





7 


15 









;^227 


15 






W. MALLALIEU, 

Hon. Finance Secretary, 
24th Jan., 1 90 1. 



BRBVSHIRE iRCH^OLOGICAL 



AND 



TURAL MISTORY loCIETY. 



Ji 



Ef)c Couvt lioUs of BaslolD, i3n1jpstju% 
commcncmg a«no 13 3£ti. KK. (1319=»20). 

S^Coutiniied from Vol. xxii., p. 90.] 
By the Rev. Chas. Kerry, 



i^By the kind permission of His Grace the Duke of Rutland, 
Lord of the Manor?) 



HE following Rolls for the 9th, loth, and nth years of 
Richard II. are on paper. The first sheet has a 
singular paper mark. Tiiere are two circles and two 
crosses arranged horizontally and alternately, the straight line 
passing through the centre of each : the arms of the crosses, 
including the line passing through the intersection, form estoiles, 

(Brcaf ^ourf of %o^\\ be %tx^o^Qi(i\\^ 3efb o-i OSaefow. on 
t^ursbag wtti affer §>. Im6e*6 ©og. 9 fRtc3^. II. 
Milicent de Horsley owed John Grymbald xxviij''. 
William Noble and Rob. de Shirbroke cut of "Gogstes" 
the others before named dug turves and grubbed the 
heath on the moor. 

VOL. XXIII. T 



2 THE COURT ROLLS OF BASLOW, DERBYSHIRE. 

Will, of Huklow burnt (lead ore) on the common for Thurstan 
del Bour without licence. 

John Smyth fished in the lords waters with an "■ Angelyerd" 
(Ang. Sax. Anzel, a hook, and ' yerd ' from A.S. zerd 
from Gyrdan, to gird, to surround. An Angelyerd was 
probably some kind of hook with a girding or pro- 
tection ; — ? for concealment.) A rod with a. hook. (Ed.) 

John Eliot stopped the water with a weir. 

^ Henry de Coupland died holding a croft and cottage. 
Margery Coupland succeeded as tenant. 

(J^aefom <Courft 6efb on 6e3ciff of ^XKiiana be (Pernoiu on 
^^wrebag ntxi Before <g^t|)3«»B. 9 (Rtc. II. 

Thomas & John de Shatton & AVill Smyld plaintiffs concerning 
the peace against John le Taillour & other tenants under 
pain of C. Pledges : Rog. Burgoyne tSr Rob Bolar. 

QBaafoWt ^ourf of 2fo3n be ^erfosfon anb ?>i& comipantonSt 
T2?eb. ne;tf affer f6e St(x&i of ^. 5(o3n» anie. ifoxi feaftnam. 
9 CR. II. 

Inquest Jury : — Rog. de Boterals Rob. Boler 
John de Reylow AVill Pope 

Thorn, de WoUow John Bagard 
Rog. Burgoyne Rob. Notte 

Will. Webster Ric. Hicdon 

Rob. Watson Will Schylley 

Milicent de Horsley had to repair her house against last 
Easter and has not done. It must be amended by 
Michaelmas under penalty of Vv" viij''. 

QBaBfonj (Zomi. '^tbntB'ixii^, ^. (pefer a'i) CPtncufa. 10 
(Kic. II. 

Henry de Coupland held a mess & an acre of land, at his 
death it was taken by Margery Bele and at her death 
Raynold Walchemon became tenant at xiij*^ per ann. 
beginning at Michaelmas next ingress H% 



THE COURT ROLLS OF BASLOW, DERBYSHIRE. 3 

Robert Watson brewed once and sold in basons and did 
not send for the taster. James North sold also in ^' discis" 
or bowls not measured. 

Will, de ffolovv took a mess & a bovate of land called the 

messuage in Le Woro. Ingress fine i6'. 8^ 
Milicent de Horsley surrendered a cot & a rod of land to the 

use of Joan, dau. of Thomas. 
Every one is ordered to repair his fences and they ought to 
make '' Ledzates" against the Feast of Trinity. The 
horizontal bar of a gate or stile is termed the ledge. 
A "ledzale" may possibly mean a '' clitnb stile'' with two 
or three bars across. Observe, the intimation about 
making "Ledzates" follows the order for repairing the 
''prostrate" hedges— inferring that gaps would not be 
made if stiles were duly provided. 
The following appears to be a schedule or "Bill" of the 
third part of the Haddon or Vernon estate assigned for the 
dower of Juliana Venio/i. 

Barlow, "iij Bill." 

Itm. She shall have the rent and service of the holding v' 
of Sir Thomas de Wennesley, Kt. (Wendesley) and 
formerly of Sir Will. Wyn Knight. 

The holding of Ralph Leche v^ The holding of Rob. 
Sadeler ii= x''. 

The holding of the heirs of Godfrey ffoliambe ii^ 

Item, called Torshurst of the part of Dionis de Wode. 

The holding of Roger de Boterales xiij^ ob. Of Rob. 
Jesson ii''. 

Do. of John le Smyth viij'^ vj^ Do. of Rich^ Hekedon 
viij= vi"*. 



Note.— Sir Thomas Wendesley was killed at the battle of Shrewsbury 
in 1403. See Cox's "Churches," II., 18, where are some interesting 
particulars of him and his turbulent doings. 



4 THE COURT ROLLS OF BASLOW, DERBYSHIRE. 

Do. of Roger de Boterals viij^ vj'*. Do. of Thorn, le Milner 
ix^ 

Do. of Richard Heliedon half a bovate of land iiij"" iij''. 

Do. of Robert Watson half a bovate iiij vj''. 

Do. of Raynald Machon j. cottage xiM 

Do. j. cottage and the Stonyfeld, and one cottage & lands 
wliich Robert Webster formerly held lately in the tenure 
of Milicent de Horsley. 

The lands of Rich. Hebedon (xvij'*) in Henshawe. 

Itm. One acre of land and j rood of meadow now in the 
tenure (xviij'^) of the s"^ Rich. Hebedon. 

For a dungyard in the tenure of John Bagard. 
Item. A cottage in the holding of the Guild of S. Mary 
(of Baslow) vj''. It. j. at flat. 

Itm. The land of Roger Burgoyne xii** called Hoggcfeld. 

It. Half a bovate of land held by Ibote Hervy v'. 

It. A cottage held by Tho. Mulner called Leggerhouse xi'^. 

It. The Bromeclyf formerly in tiie tenure of Ralph Leche ; 
it renders bonepenny at Michaelmas viz. for Robert 
Webster's holding. A cottage i'' of William de iTron. 
A cott : of Roger Borgoyne and for Thomas Milner's 
Hoggefeld — and for a cottage ii'' called Leggerhous. 
Ibot Hervy holds a cottage formerly Rob. Watson's — 
Rob. Watson's holding i"* and William Brough's i"^. 

It. For Lynnlye which formerly paid ij'*. 

Itm. A third part of the profits of the water mill & the 
fisheries of lord de Vernon. The third part of the 
quarries there of lord de Vernon. The third part of the 
profits of Hackedwode, Wolleyschagh, Stonyfeld, Walclyf, 
Le Held, and Le Haughe, and part of the agistment 
of the moor, and pannage, and the belles (lead kilns) 
there of lord de Vernon's. 



THE COURT ROLLS OF BASLOW, DEREVSIilRE. c; 

The following has been crossed through with a line of ink 
of a rusty brown colour. 

It. The third part of the fulling mill under the court, with 
the common fishery. 

The third part of the rents and services with the profits of 
the holding of the Abbot " de Rupe"* as of his grange 
in ovage — or egg rent 

And of the holding of the Abbot of Leicester as of his 
grange of Meduplot 

And of the holding formerly William le Wyn's in Nether 
Haddon 

And of the holding of Margaret de Marchinton the daughter 

and heiress of Hen. de la Pole in Nether Haddon 
And of the holding of Ralph ffremer in RoUesley. 

If. The third part of the pasture of fTarndale, Pipgrenes 
and Harthullclif 



And the Courtyards on both sides {ex utraqiie parte) 
of the Hall are in common to the use of the said 
Richard and Juliana 
And the third part of Stopping. 

Itm. For her dowry is assigned in the middle of the wood 
of Haddonffrith viz: between two banks 
(The MS. ends here.) 

The chamber at the end of the hall with the "fTawse" 
chamber, with all the chambers beneath the said chambers 
towards the north, together with the Bakehouse and the way 
and the granary near the kitchen. 

It. She will have lix butts of land abutting upon Hanveldale- 
medewe: Ten selions of land called Grehulflat : One 
small culture upon Grehull-copp : one culture called 
Porterflat, with a little culture called Th e Mulnelandes near 

11.7* in 2TtT ^/T'lT^ '" ^""'^'^ '"°""^'^^ '^y ^'^h"'^ de Builli in 
1 147, in the Soke of Um^y.-Dugdak, Mon. Ang. I., 835. 



6 THE COURT ROLLS OF BASLOW, DERBYSHIRE. 

the land of John Basset : Itm. one culture called The 
Blakeacre, with a culture called Pesegrenes. It. xij 
selions of land upon the Bolehu/l, with xij selions upon 
Hangwelldalefflat, with all lands at the end of the same 
near Hanwelldale. It. one culture of small . . . . ? 
in Hangwelldale head, with an acre there abutting upon 
V^?i?,teres} Itm. a culture called the Red schethes. 
It. xviij selions of land upon Wheytleyhuli, with xi 
butts abutting upon Pippegroves. It. one culture called 
The Stonyflat. Another called Watcroft, one called Cronkes- 
forland. It. a culture called Nytebuttes. 
Itm. Ladyholm & a mead called Mersmedewe. It. An 
acre of meadow called Vernon's acre in Stantonmedewe 
One acre & a half of meadow in iij places in Swetacre 
medewe divided by an acre called Thomas le Smyth's. 
One acre of mead called the Swetacre and v roods of 
mead under Pipgrene called Dodwode. 
j mess, of xi" and a bovate of land now in the tenure 
of John le B.tiiford. 

j mess, of x'' and a bovate in the tenure of Hugh le 
Smyth. 

Half a cott. of v", and half a bov. of land now in 
the tenure of Hugh le Ffisher. 

j mess, of x^ and j bov : formerly in the ten. of Will. 
Gamele. 
Will. Russel j cot. of ij' iiij'' and i acre of land. 

j mess, and iij acres of land formerly in the ten. of 

John Shepherd. 

i cot. with a curtilege ii' now in the tenure of Cecil 

Clerk. 

i mess, of x^ and a bov. of land now in the ten. of 

John le Schether. x'. 

j mess of x' & j bov : of land now in the tenure of 

John Walche. 



THE COURT ROLLS OF EASLOW, DERBYSHIRE. ^ 

It. j mess, of iiij^ iij'' now in the ten. of John Athelard 
with a croft, called Cecily Croft — a third part v' rent 
by the service of Ovagium (an egg rent) at Martinmas. 

It. Half a toft, and half a bovale of land formerly in the 
tenure "ffithyel." 

[? A.S. Fithele, a fiddle. May this have been a musical tenure 
of minstrelsy? It is more likely to be connected with 
'■'■ Fith" which occurs in the laws of Henry I. "In Fith 
vel in socna est, quod ab ipsis, qui in domo sunt 
contiibernales, agitur, &c." {Dii Cange)?^ 

It. j cotag ij" now m the ten. of Elisot Borgone. 

It. She will have the third part of all the yearly profits 
issuing from iij separate pastures called Oxheyes, viz. 
Ffarnedelves, Pippegrenes, & Harthulclyf : and of a 
pasture & meadow in Aldeport which is called The 
Stokkyng : and from the fishing of the water at the 
Fulling Mill : Lead mines, & marl pits ; and the third 
part of all the yearly profits issuing from the rents and 
services of the holding which the Abbot of Leicester 
holds in the Grange of Medowplet : and the third part 
of the yearly profits issuing from the holding which Sir 
Thomas de Marchinton Kt & Sir Will Wyn K' formerly 
held in Nether Haddon : and the third part of the 
yearly profits arising from the tenement which Jamesl 
ffremon and John Dawson hold. 

(^n un^afe^ Q^cnfaf on fn)o p(x^ex e^eefe ap^jarenffg 
coaetjaf ttjif3 ^^ j>rece^ing bonjrg aeeignmenf. 

Of John North for i mess & j. bov : of land with bonepenny 
iiij^ ix^ 

— Roger Leche for Stonehallelone v^ per ann. 

— Of the same Roger for j mess. & j bov. of land vijs 

per ann. 



8 THE COURT ROLLS OF BASLOW. DERBYSHIRE. 

— Of the same Rog. for v acres of land in Bramley xv"* 

per ann. 

— Henry Thaylour for j mess & a half bov. of land iij' 

per ann. 

— John North Jun' j mess &: j bov : of land at iij'' per ann. 

"ut unu par saltarum." 

— Matilda Leche for a mess. & adjacent land xviij" per ann. 

— The holding of Godfrey ffoliambe jun', called Torshurst 

on the part of Dionisius atte Wode ii^ 

Item. The aforesaid lady will have the third part of the 
fishery and the third part of the water-mill on the part 
of the lord Richard Vernon, and the third part of the 
quarry and the third part of the profits of the woods, 
viz: Hakedwode, Wollowschaw Stonfeld Wallecliffe Le 
Held & Le Haugh and the third part of the moor on 
boll & pannage on the part of lord le Vernon. 

Of William Clarke for a mess and a bov. viij' vj'' per ann. 

— John Mawe for a mess and a bov. of land viij' vj'' p 

ann. , 

— John Baggare for a mess & a bov. of land viij' vj'' p 

ann. 

— John Taylor sen. for a mess. & a bov. of land viij' vj'' p ann. 

— William Pope, for a toft & half a bov : of land iiij' iiij'' „ 

— Will Mulner for a mess. & half a bov : of 1. v'. 

— Roger Burgoyn, a mess. & half a bov. of 1. iiij' vj'' „ 

— Will. Webster for a mess & land adjoining xx'' per ann. 

— Will Pope for a cott. and i quarter of land ii' x''. 

— John Taylour sen' for a Forland in Bromley vj''. 

— Henry Taylour for Forland in divers places ij\ 

— John Baggar for a Myddingsted (dungyard) i''. 



THE COURT ROLLS OF BASLOW, DERBYSHIRE. q 

John Baguly holds a bovate of land w' iij houses paying yearly 
(at Lady Day & Michaelmas) ix' i". 

The same John holds a croft there at ix'' yearly, and he 
gave viij' for his ingress. 

Ulmericus Wolstencroft holds half a bovate of land with iJ 
houses paying yearly iiij' vij"'. 

John Mellor holds a bovate of land & two houses at ix' & 

i'' per ann. Paid vj' for his admission. 
John Mellor holds half a bov. with one house & pays 

iiij' vij". He gave xx" for his ingress. 
John, youngest son of Thorn. Hobson, holds half a bov. of 

land, with iij houses at v' i^ per ann. Paid nothing 

for his ingress. 

John Berdhalgh holds half a bov. of land w' ij houses and 
one little chamber at v= i'' per ann. and vj= viij<» for 
his admission. 

OSaeaefonje. 
Roger Pope holds a bov. of land w' ij houses at xii^ xi" and 

gave xiij' iiij"* for his admission. 
Will. Boterhals holds a bov. of land w' ij houses at 

viij= vij''., and gave vj' viij'' for ingress. 
John Clerk holds a bov. of land w' ij houses and pays 

viij' vij'' and gave for ingress vj' viij''. 

John, son of Ric. Hobson, holds a bov. w' ij houses and 
pays viij^ vij''. 

Rich". Penyston holds a bov. w' houses at viij= vij" and gave 
nothing for ingress 

Will. Baslow holds a bov. cSr a half of land with a forelond 

and iij houses and pays xvj i" p ann. 
Roger Cok holds a bov. & two houses at viij= viij". He 

also holds half bov. of land & two cottages with two 

houses at ix' v" per ann. And he paid vj viij" for his 

admission. 



lO THE COURT ROLLS OF BASLOW. DERBYSHIRE 

Roger, son of Will. Jackson, holds a bovate & two cottages 
with certain lands with three houses for xij^ v"* per ann. 

Roger Vescy holds a fourth part of a bov. with two houses 
at ij' per ann. He gave vj' viij'* for his admission. 

Dyoclesian Taylor holds one house w' a garden at xij'' per ann. 

OSoBenauff. 
Henry Wright holds half a bovate of 1. with ij houses at 
iiij^ j"^ per ann. 

John Andrew holds j bov. of land with no edifices at 
vij' vij*^. He offered to the jury .... so that he 
might not be burdened with any buildings. He also 
holds a parcel of meadow at 3''. 

/;/ dorso — Thorn. Grygge took up a mess, and half a bovate 
of land formerly in the tenure of John Cocke at v' iiij'' 
per ann. And he gave vj' viij'' for his admission. 

In the accounts of William Ffolowe of 13 & 14 Ric. H. 
we find that the stone quarry only produced ^4 that year, 
having stood unworked for a time for want of purchasers. 

Mention is made of a house formerly the Chapel of the 
Blessed Mary which was let for vj'' the half year, but which 
was in a state of decay. 

At the back of the preceding accounts have been copied 
those of Roger Burgilon for 3 Ric. H. : — 

" For parchment purchased for the Rolls for this year iij'^ 
and for parchment bought for the Roll of Accounts for this 
year & last, for the manor of Baslow, vj''. Delivered to Lady 
Johanna de Vernon Lxxix^ by indenture for rents & profits 
from Lady Day. Altogether xiiij'' x^" 

Q^aefotD €ourf. ^3«rBi>a8 ne^f «ffer ^^. (pef. (z, (J)auf. 
(^« XIII. (Ktc. II. 

The follow persons were presented for their ruinous tenements 
&c.— William del Burg, John Taillour, Rog. de Butter- 
hales, Rob. Boler, Milicent de Horsley, Will Pope, Will. 



THE COURT ROLLS OF BASLOW, DERBYSHIRE. 1 I 

de Folowe & John de Malcome, all to be repaired by 
a fixed time under penalties of vj' viij''. 

Q^osfow €outi. ^. ltu6e*B ©og. 14 (Htc. II. 
The jury presented that all the lands & tents which Thomas 
de Wombwell holds during the life of his wife (besides 
a bovate of land which was formerly Thomas Smyth's) 
he holds as that which after the decease of Will, de 
Calvor fell to Cecily his daughter and next heir. 

Q§aBfoTO Couti. TTcbneebag luxi Before (puvif. O^.CP.QJl. 
Q.0 15 (Ktc. II. 

John Michel and six others were reported for trespass in 
" Deppedale Wode " throwing down & carrying away the 
timber and two others for trespassing in Wol/eyshawe. 
It was ordained as well by the lord's council as by the 
village community, that if any "labourer" departed from the 
demesne in summer and did not return by the feast of the 
Assumption for the measuring* of the growing crops, in the 
autumn, he should give xj'* to the lord for each offence. 
The ale taster presented that John Taillour sold ale without 
the view of the Taster, and all the aforesaid sold by 
"bolt" & cups, i.e.,hy false measures. 

The Jury : — James North. Rog- Burgon. 

Ric. Swan. Rog. de Boterhale. 

Will, son of Robt. Thom. Mullener. 

Ric. Hykedon. John Taillour. 

Henry Taillour. Rob. Saddeler. 

John Bagard. John Pope. 

Oeasfow Courf. TTeb. ^ufg 16. (^ntio 16 (Ktc II. 
Sir Thomas de Metham plaintiff, by Ralph his attorney, 
opposed himself against Will de Ffowlowe on the plea 
of debt. 

* Reaping assignment, when each man received his allotted task. 



12 THE COURT ROLLS OF BASLOW, DERBYSHIRE. 

Alice le Wright of Calver sued Thomas le Milner for viij'', for 
wool thread which he owed her. She recovered a pound 
& a half of thread and iiif damages. 

Robert Watson sued Nicholas del Hay because his dog had 
worried {^^ momordebat") a pig at his house to the damage 
of v^ The accused denied the charge. In mercy. 

Elena, dau. of AVill. took up a cottage at Quonborough 
called Leger-house to hold for life. Ingress xij''. 

Adam le Partrykhwiier has a ruinous house. (? A nickname 
for a poacher.) 

Q^aefow ^outrf. ^. QJtarfi^B ©ag. XVI. QRtc. II. 

Roger Burgon through his attorney Ralph Lech surrendered 

a mess. & a bovate to the use of John, son of Hen. le 

Taillour. Yearly rental ix'^ &: i bonepenny. Ingress vj^ 

Q^aBfow <£ourf. TTebneebag nejcf affer ^. %<i^^^ QSci|). 
(^o 16. QRfc. II. 

Thurstan del Bour paid the sum of xij"^ per ann. for having 
and burning boles — " habendi & cremendi suos Boles," 
i.e., places or mounds for S7?ielting lead ore. (See Court 
under S. Luke's Day, 8 Ric. II. ; also under the Court 
of S. Michael, 17 Ric. II.) There are numerous deeds 
at Belvoir having reference to Thurstan, e.g., Anno 17 
Ric. II. — John Yonge and Felica his wife dwelling in 
Borwe by charter gave & confirmed to Thurstan del Boure 
of Tides7vell a mess, in Tideswell between the mess, 
formerly Henry Dawson's, and the mess, of John Smith 
" Marchal " with 3 acres in the open fields of " Tydd," 
which belonged to John son William Haiiesone Androwe 
de Tyddeswell brother of the said Felicia & which 
descended to Felica by heirship after the death of the 
said John. Given at Tideswell S. Thomas' Day. Again 
John le Smyth of Tyddeswell Chaplain & John de Burton 
Vicar of Bawkewell demised & conP'. to Thurstan del 



THE COURT ROLLS OF EASLOW, DERBYSHIRE. 1 3 

Boitre all those lands &c &c which they had of the gift 
& concession of Thomas Gomfrey &: Rich'' Gomfrey,* 
clerks, which they (the Gomfreys) had of the gift & 
concession of Elizab. dau. of Henry Dawson of Tyddes- 
well in the fields of Tyddeswell to be held of the chief 
lords of the fee. Given at Tideswell 13 January Anno 
13 Henry IV. (t,°:) 
The following deed (condensed) is more illustrative: — 
"Robert ' Ayre ' (Eyre) Henry Mapleton parson of the Church 
of Bonsdale', Thomas Baret & Rich'' Walkdene, chaplain, 
deliver concede and by this charter confirm to Robert 
del Boure son of John del Boure of Qvvytfeld (Whitfield) 
all messuages lands &c in the vill & field of Tyddeswell 
which they had of the gift and feofment of Thurstan 
del Boure (except four tents, with their appurts. & 
buildings adjoining & belonging thereto, viz. ; one 
tenement in which Henry son of Robert dwells, a 
tenement called Throwley Place and two tenements 
likewise adjoining in the tenure of John Webster). 
Having &: holding the same of the chief lords of the 
same by the accustomed services, and if the said Robert 
del Boure die without lawful heirs of his body, then, 
we will & concede that all the said messuages shall 
remain to John de Boure & the heirs male of his body : 
and if the said John should die without lawful male 
issue, then we will that all the said estate shall remain 
to William del Boure of Tatyngton (Taddington) & the 
heirs male of his body with remainder to the heirs male 
of the said Thurstan del Boure for ever.t These 

* The seal of Richard Gomfrey attached to another deed given at Dronfield 
22 Ric. II. has a stag's head attired, cabossed, having between the attires 
the letters "r.""g." for Rich'' Gomfrey. 

t In the Charter of the Refoundation of the Foljambe Chauntry in Tides- 
well Church [vide Cox's "Churches of Derbyshire," II., 287 a.d. 16 Ric. II.) 
mention is made of " Thurstan o' Boure and Margaret his wife and Margaret 
mother of the same Thurstan " as having an interest in the prayers of the same 
Chauntry. It seems that there was a chapel or chauntry also belonging to 



14 THE COURT ROLLS OF BASLOW, DERBYSHIRE. 

witnessing: Edwaid Ffoliambe Knight, Thomas Ffoh'ambe 
Rich^ de Lytton, Rob. de Mellour, Hugh de Bredbury 
and others. Given at Tyddeswell on Lord's Day next 
before the feast of S. James the Apostle, Anno 2 
Henry VI. 

Q^ftBfom €ouvi. TTcb. affs ^. 3o^n (§ap. bag- 16 Q?tc. II. 

Roger Borgoyn has ij " gappes ' which require mending. Will. 
Pope j "gappe." He also cut down ii ''Strangles'' of 
his lord's wood. 

(Breaf €ourf of Q^aefow. ^Burebag ne^rf affer (3:ff ^atnfB* 
©ag. (^o 16 (Ktc. II. 

Inq. Jury:— James le Nonh. John le Taillour. 
John le North. Will, de Ffroggote. 

Rog. Boterhals. Will, le Pope. 

Rog. Burgon. Ric. le Snan. 

Hen. le Taillour. Will, de ffowlowe. 
Ric. Hokdon. John de Mulcane. 

Nich. del Haye sued Adam le Partriker on the plea of 
trespass because with his horse he had destroyed his 
barley to the damage of xij'', and that with his sheep 
he had destroyed his growing corn to the val. of \f and 
with his cows and sheep he had destroyed his barley to 
the value of xij''. The jury declared that the said 
Nicholas had made an unjust complaint. Wherefore 
in mercy. 
Adam le Patrikhunter, Nich. del Hay, John Taillour had 
ruinous houses and Rob. le Boler a farmstead out of 
repair. The jury said the wife of William le Webster 

the Bower family. Dr. Cox writes, II., 293, "The parclose of the De Bower 
Chapel has recently been restored in exactly the same position it previously 
occupied." The tomb of Thurstan, bearing the recumbent effigies of himself 
and his wife Margaret, still remains. This memorial was replaced in its original 
position in 1873 ^'^ the ndvent of the present vicar, when it was worthily restored 
by J. Bower Brown, Esq., J. P., of Woodthorpe Hall, near Sheffield, a 
descendant of this ancient stock. 



THE COURT ROLLS OF BASLOW, DERBVSHIRE. 1 5 

had incurred a pain or penalty of xl"^, in the lord's grace, 
because she went out of the demesne in Autumn and 
did not return before the feast of the Assumption ; so 
also did Isolda del Gryffis, and the wife of Robert Cudy, 
and his daughter Alice, likewise Johanna de Rugeley, 
Joan de Wheatcroft, Joan le Smylter, and Elena the 
dau. of William. 

(^aBfonj Court. ^. Q[tlic^attB ©cig. (monbag. (^nno 17 
Q?tc. II. 

Roger de Buterals took up a mess, formerly Henry le 
Osteller's at viij' vj'' per ann. & i'' called Bonepenny. 
Ingress vj'' viij'". 

Rob. le Boler fined v^ for deterioration of the house held 
by him, now in the tenure of John del Mulcane. 

The jury said that Thurstan del Boure xii'' for licence to 
have the Boles within the demesne. Thomas son of 
Henry de Litton similarly vi''. Richard de Litton similarly. 
Roger de Wormhill iij'' similarly. Ralph le Barker iij"* 
similarly. Here, clearly, we have a company of lead 
workers all from Tideswell and its immediate vicinity. 

The jury presented that Nicholas del Haye did not grind 
his grain at the lord's mill nor had he paid his multure 
from Easter until now to the loss of the lord. It was 
ordained by the lord's advice that the mill roof ought 
to be repaired by the tenants during the two weeks 
after the feast of S. Martin next future : everyone in 
default to pay xij'' to the lord. 

The bailiff presented John Chapman of Calvour for digging 
turves ill The Moss he being an extern and Joan Meveral, 
Will Hogson, Thomas de Brodbotham for the same fault. 
Henry Leyr of Midleton had agisted vij sheep. 

The jury said that Elena wife of Adam le Partriker is a woman 
of strife and breaks the appointment of the lord & the 
tenants. She is amerced v^ Elena le Courfur Filota 



1 6 THE COURT ROLLS OF BASLOW, DERBYSHIRE. 

wife of Thomas le Milner, and Adam le Partriker are 
equally as bad. 
Adam de Brometon mowed the lord's common in Leveresfen. 
In mercy xij''. Robert Jeffeson fined xij'' for fishing in 
the lords waters by a weir. 

Q^asfow Courf. tutBi>a^ affer ^. QJlarre ©ag. 18 (Ric. II. 

It was agreed by the inquest that the whole time of the 
tenure of Thomas Wombwell in Bobenhull was x years, 
and they said that Cecilia de Calvour occupied (the 
same) vij years. 

It was ordained by the lord and all the tenants that no 
tenant in the demesne should keep a pig worth xij'^ un- 
rung after Michaelmas for a week until the Feast of the 
Invention of the Holy Cross under a pain of 4'^ for 
each pig. 

Thomas Pope by his attorney Ralph le Lecii came & took 
up a garden called " Le Prestes-zerd" (yard) holding 
the same for life at the yearly rental of xij"* with two 
suits of court. Ingress nil. 

Q^aafoTO Comi. ^. (glaii^tn'a ©og. ^° 18 QRic. II. 

Thomas son of Robert Watson took up a mess. & half a 
bovate which his father holds in order to help his father, 
holding according to the custom of the manor, paying 
yearly iiij' vj^ and bonepenny, the s'' Thomas to maintain 
the said mess. &: lands at his own expense in all things, 
timber excepted. Ingress xij**. 

OSaafonj Couxi. §. Cfemenf^a ®ag. 19 (Hie. II. 
>J< The inquest jury presented that Will, de Calvour died 
seised of vj bovates of land in the fee of Baslow of 
which Emma wife of the said Will, was seised at the 
end of her life of three bovates & a half which she 
held of the lord there. And Cecilia dau. of the said 
William & Emma ought to have had ij bovates of land 



THE COURT ROLLS OF BASLOW, DERBYSHIRE. l^ 

of the tenure of Lord le Vernon whence Robert cle 
Hethcote purchased the dower. And they said that she 
Cecilia entered those two bovates and took seisin as 
the heir by authority of Lord Richard le Vernon because 
that Emma mother of the s** Cecily wished to make 
alienation beyond her power for the space of xx years 
of the land she Cecily occupied & now has held for 
viij years. And they said that John de Penyston 
occupied one meadow called Depedale parcel of the said 
land for a year, after which an arrest was made of the 
whole land of Will, de Calvour for the arrerages of the 
s"* John de Penyston — the arrest extended to half an 
acre of grain crop. 

QBosfom Courf. ^ucabog offer i^t cfoee of (gasfcr. 19 
(Rtc. n. 

Jury : — Kog. de Boterhals. Rich. Hikdon. 

John le North. John Grymball. 

Robert Labbot. John Eliot. 

Hen. le Taillour. John Taillour. 

Rob. le Sadler. Will, le Pope. 

Rich. Hobbeson. Will, le Webster. 

The house of Thomas Pope to be repaired against next court 
day, as well as the house of John Taillour of Quordburg, 
Nich. Dawson, Will, del Fowlowe, Will, le Gierke, Rog. 
& Will. Pope, Will, de Chinley and others. 
Nicholas son of William son of Philip de Grendelford dwells 
outside the demesne and trespasses in the lord's wood 
(in mercy). Thomas le Milnour felled trees on his land 
without licence. William del Pirke felled a tree in le 
Stonfeld. John del Malcane made a purpresture plough- 
ing the lord's common. He must desist under penalty 
of half a mark. 

QBciafow ^ourf. TTebneBbag wtxi affer (War. 25. 20 (Kic. II. 

The Bailiff was in mercy, because John de Peniston sen"' 
was not present to answer to a plea of debt to the Guild 



1 8 THE COURT ROLLS OF BASLOW, DERBYSIITRE. 

of the Blessed Mary of Baslow, and he was ordered 
to distrain. 

Q0oBfow ^outf. nOJeb. next affer feaef of ^^. ^^i(ip (2 
^amcB. (^nuo 20 QRtc. II. 

The house of Thomas le Mihier was ruinous for want of 
timber : he was ordered to repair it and the lord would 
find the material required. 

William Pope had a ruinous sheepfold, which he was ordered 
to rep-iir under penalty of iij' iiij''. " VVelleyshagh." John 
de Ruilley occupied the lord's water with a dam or 
weir (for fishing). John Burgon ground elsewhere without 
licence : so also did Will, le Milner, Nich. Dawson, 
Adam le Fowler, Thomas son of Robert, & Rich. Hikden. 

Q^aafow Courf. '^eb. in Seaef of ^. (ntargoref. 21 QRtc. H. 

The jury presented that John de Ruilley occupied the lord's 
waters with a ^'- leppe" (^^ Leap" (Ang. Sax.) a iveel, a 
kind of long hvigger basket snare to catch fish), and so 
did Ralph Tibbeson & Rob. Jeffeson. 

Q^aafow (Lowxi. CueBbag wtxi offer ^. %\'iUx^. 21 (Rtc. II. 

The following persons came and did fealty for the lands and 
tenements they held in Baslow, Rob'. Labbot, Rog. de 
Boterhals, Ric. Hebdon, Rog. le Pope, Rich, fil Robert, 
Will, del Powlow, John Oserynne, Will, de Chynley, John 
Grymbald, Thorn, fil Robert, Nich. Dawson, Thom. le 
Milner, John le Smyth. 

Robert Labbot was at the inquest to respond to Ralph le 
Lech, for Ralph had impounded Labbot's sheep which 
he had taken in his corn, and the said Labbot had 
broken the pound by taking his sheep out to the value 
of 4o^ Lech further complained that Labbot had 
destroyed his corn with his sow and pigs, and his white 
corn too last year, to the value of iij" iiij"^ & that no 



THE COURT ROLLS OF BASLOW, DERBYSHIRE. 1 9 

inquest was taken. Also his pigs had destroyed his corn 
to the value of xx^, and that two cows had destroyed 
his oats in his croft to the damage of xii'^, that an ox 
had destroyed his growing corn to the loss of xii'' and 
that eighty of his hog lambs had destroyed his . . . 
everywhere in his field to the loss of xii^. 

It was ascertained by the jury that Robert Labbot vj'' 
has made a rescue upon Ralph le Lech and that Ralph 
le Lech might recover of the same Robert vij'', and a 
strike of white wheat for the trespass of the sow & pigs 
in two complaints, and i'' for trespass on the Rescue. 
And he might recover ij of oats or vj'' for two 

complaints, and he might recover j bushel of oats for 
the damage done to his oats in the Holme and ij'' more 
for the trespass of the sheep and lambs. (In mercy.) 
Ralph le Lech Alderman of the Guild of the B. Mary 
complained against William de Chynley on the plea of 
debt, the latter came & confessed to ij' vj**. In mercy. 
Also against John le Taillour of Quordburg on the same 
plea. He was summoned but came not, wherefore he 
was placed under a pain. 

Q^oefoTO <t,o\xxi. ^ueBbag nejrf Before ^. ^fo^n Q^«^). ©flg- 
(^tmo 21 (Ric. II. (1397.) 

Jury : — Rog. de Boterhals. John de Bagshagh. 

Hen. Taillour. John Bagard. 

John Grymbald. Joh. of Eryn. 

Will. Pope. John Taillour. 

Tho. le Milner. Rog. Pope. 

Will, le Milner. Joh. del Malcnne. 

It was agreed by the tenants that the tenants of the Lord 
of Metham did not make an arrangement in old times 
concerning litigation if an affray was made. 
Robert Botralles & John Pillesley were the collectors of the 

Vernon rents in the 13th of Henry IV. (1412) and the 



20 THE COURT ROLLS OF BASLOW, DERBYSHIRE. 

" Chapel of Haddon " occurs in their accounts. William 
Blackwell, bailiff of Hadon then. Paid to Robert Botralles 
and Henry Penyston for the carriage of a pair of millstones 
from Baslow to Harleston, in the month of December, x^ 

John Horsley, collector of rents for Baslow. i Hen. V. 
John Taillour, collector of rents in Baslow in the place 
of John Contasse. Anno 4 & 5 Hen. V. 
'■^/akfiatt,'" and " Lynelech" names of fields. 

Basselowe an^ JBobenbuU. 

Rental renewed upon the oaths of John Taillour, Will. 
Penyston, Rog. Scotte, Rob. Botralles, John Pillesley, 
John Horsley on Thursday next after the Feast of S. 
Barnabas Aposile. A* R.R. Hen. V., after the conq., 
the third. 

Sir Roger Leche K' holds in Bobenhull by military service 
&c. heriot & two appearances per ann. and other services 
of court as it appears from the old customary one mess, 
and a moiety of a bovate formerly Nykke Dawson's, and 
long since given to the Guild of S. Mary and he payo 
iij'' ob per ann. of true rent. 

The same Roger holds there a mess, and a bovale of land 

called Gristelfeld long since given to the said Guild by 

the same services and iij^ v'' rent per ann. 
The same Roger holds there a mess, and a bovate of land 

called Stonehall by the same services and v^ rent per ann. 
He also holds there a mess. & a bovate of land formerly 

Thomas Wombwell's by the same services & v^ rent per 

ann. 
He also holds there a mess, and half a bovate of land 

formerly John de Ryley's by the same services and v^ 

rent per ann. 

The same Roger holds there a piece of land called Bromeclyf 
at iiij*^ per ann. 



THE COURT ROLLS OF BASLOW, DERBYSHIRE. 2 1 

Also V acres of land in Bromley of the Gilde land by the 

same services and pays xv'' per ann. 
Also a mess. & a bovate of land in Basselowe formerly 

Robert Leche's at viij' per ann. 
Also a bovate of land called Dyllefeld by the same services 

at a half-penny per ann. 
Roger Swan holds a mess. & a bov. of land by the same 

service & pays v^ per ann. 
Nich. Dawson holds half a bovate & half a mess, in Froggote 

by the same service at ij" iiij"' per ann. 
John Elot holds a mess. & a bovate of land of the land 

of Will. Wyn K' in Curburg by the same service & 

vj' per ann. 

John North senior holds a mess. & a bov. by the same 
service at iiij^ ix"* per ann. 

Roger Leche holds half a mess. & a bov. of land by same 
service and iij^ per ann. 

John North jun' holds a mess. & a bov. of land by the 
same service and renders one pair of boots price iiij'' 
per ann. 

Felicia Penyston holds ij mess, and a bov. & a half of land 
in Basselow by the same service & pays viif v"^ per ann. 

Rob. Sadeler holds a mess. & a bov. of land by the same 
service & pays xij'' per ann. 

Will. Leche holds a mess. & a bov. &c. & pays xviij'' per ann. 

John Boterhals holds a mess. & half a bov. of land freely 
called Ffordefeld by the same serv. & pays xiij'' half- 
penny per ann. 

Isabel, dau. of Giles holds half a bovate of land called 
Wyfelde by same serv. at xv'' per ann. 

She also holds a parcel of land & meadow in the 
Greneway by &c. & pays iij'' per ann. 



i2 THE COURT ROLLS OF BASLOW, DERBYSHIRE. 

Robert de Plumpton Knight (miles) holds a parcel of land 
& wood Toursthurst by the same serv. & pays ij^ per ann. 

The aforesaid John North sen' holds half of Dillefeld as a 
bovate of land by the same service & pays a half-penny 
per ann. 

John Comitas holds at will one mess & half a bovate of 
land and pays v'' j*^ per ann. with the bonepenny. 

Thomas Brodbotham holds a mess, and a bov. of land and 
pays ix' j'' with the bonepenny. 

Thomas Hobson holds a mess. & a bovate of land formerly 
Thorn. Miller's at ix j'* per ann. with bonepenny. 

He also holds a cottage formerly his father's and pays 
xvij** w' the bonepenny. 

Thomas Elot holds a mess. & half a bovate of land formerly 
William Soler's and pays per ann. with the bonepenny v^ j"*. 

Rich. Burgoyne holds a mess. & half a bovate and pays 
per ann. with the bonepenny iiij^ vij"*. 

John Marshall holds a mess. & half a bovate and pays with 
the bonepenny iiij^ vij"*. 

John Taillour holds a mess. & half a bovate & pays with 
the bonepenny iiij^ j"*. 

Of one mess. & ij bov. of land now in the tenure of John 
Meverell in Basselow in exchange for j mess. & half a 
bovate formerly in the tenure of John Taillour of 
BobenhuU per ann. with the bonepenny iiij^ j"*. 

Of one field called Hoggefeld which pays with the bonepenny 
xiij** — but nothing now because it is in the hands of 
the lord. 

Of one cott. formerly in tlie tenure of Elena Cosour which 
used to pay xj'' w' the bonepenny — but nothing now 
because in the hands of the lord. 

Of one parcel of land called Lynelegh which paid ij"* but 
now in the hands of the lord. 



THE COURT ROLLS OF BASLOW, DERBYSHIRE. 23 

John North jun. holds x acres of land of Forland in Bobenhull 
feld of which iiij acres lie upon Lomblowe at ij' vj** 
per ann. 

Roger Pope Custumar of Basselow. 

Q^afifow Couti gefb 16 ©eccmB. (^nno 19 genrg VI. 

Jury : — Roger North. Hen. Wright. 

Roger Pope. John de Wales. 

Rog. Vessy. John Eagyle. 

Rog. Wilkenson. John Hendman. 

Ric. Paton. John Hogekynson. 

John Cok, sen". John Clerk. 
Will. Passelew. 

Christopher Talbot 4'', John Leek 4'', John Wylde 4**, owe 
suit. 

Oliver Wolstancroft is out of repairs, former pain xl'', to be 
repaired under pain of xx'. 

The roof of Will. Passelows house to be amended by S. 
Hilary under pain of xiij"" iiij''. 

John Hendman's house roof to be repaired by Xraas next 
under pain of vj' viij''. 

Robert Malderych has a horse & colt feeding on the 
common without license. 

Roger Elleson, Cecil Colyer, Cecil Moteclogh, Will. Gregory, 

Rog. Alellour, John Meverell. 
Roger Boterhales unpleaded Rog' Vessy. 

OSafifow, Couxi of ^tr nTtfftam (Ternon QK* ^efb on ^. 
3[ame6 ®ag. (^nno 38 j§enrg VI. 

John de Schawghe (Shaw) of Somersale acknowledged that 
he held in right of Alice his wife the daughter & heir 
of Roger de Wodehouse, a croft called The IJ'eyfeld 
at xv** per ann. with suit of court only on Lady Day 
& Michaelmas ; and the same Roger as in right of his 



24 THE COURT ROLLS OF BASLOW, DERBYSHIRE. 

wife Alice holds half a bovate called Grenewey in 
Basselowe at iij'* per aim. & suit of court and land in 
socage. Ordered to shew his evidences at the next court; 
and he did fealty on those conditions. 

John Penyston acknowledged that he held of the lord freely 
a mess, and a bovate & a half of land w' the appurts. 
formerly in the tenure of Henry Penyston his father, 
deceased, at viif iiij*^ per ann. with suit of court and 
military service of Sea-ward, or as " Warden maratime," 
with relief and heriot when it should fall. Ordered to 
shew his evidences at the next court. 

Roger Boturhales held freely one mess, with the appurts. 
formerly in the tenure of Robert Boturhales his father, 
deceased, at xiij'' per ann. w' suit of court. Ordered 
to produce his title deeds. He did fealty. 

William Dawson acknowledged that he held of the lord freely 
a mess. & a bovate of land formerly his father's, 
deceased, at ij^ per ann. Did fealty. Ordered to produce 
his evidences. 

William Andrewe acknowledged that he held freely j mess. 
& iij acres of land formerly in the tenure of John 
Northwood at viij'' per ann. & suit of court Had a 
day assigned to produce his evidences. 

Roger Boturhals holds i mess. & i bov. in the tenure of 
John Andrewe at viij' vij'' per ann. viz. — a parcel called 
The " Old," a piece of arable called Stonfield at iif j'' 
& a parcel called Welleford at xiij''. 

William North holds at the will of the lord according 
to custom a mess. & a bov. of land formerly in the 
tenure of John Bagulley at ix' x"* and suit of court & 
repairs. 

William Hobson holds a mess. & a bov. at the will of the 
lord formerly in the ten. of Roger Cobbe at ix= j"*. 
He pays suit of court & does repairs & other customs. 
He did fealty. 



THE COURT ROLLS OF BASLOW, DERBYSHIRE. 25 

John Cootlovve holds j mess. & a virgate of land at the 
will of the lord formerly John Dale's at v' j'^. 

John Hyndemon holds of the lord a mess. & half a virgate 
formerly John Thomson's at v^ j" per ann. He is 
responsible for repairs. He holds at will an open field 
called Hogkynfeld for the church ? & pays xiij" per ann. 
A mess. & a bovate of lard of the Duchy of Lancaster 
is mentioned as being in Corburg which pays v^ yearly 
to William Vernon. 

Will. Goton holds a mess. & a bovate at will formerly held 
by Roger Merchelond at iv= vij^ per ann. & repairs. 

Roger Whetecroft holds a mess, and a bo v. at will formerly 
in the tenure of Will Johnson at iv= vj^ and a croft 
called Hychecroft at xviij^. 

Roger Basselovv holds a mess. & a bov. formerly Rich. 

Penyston's at viij= vij"— with repairs, fealty & other services. 

John Hobson holds a mess & a bovate formerly his father's 

at viij= vij" with repairs, fealty & other services. 
John Clerk holds a mess. & a bov. at viij= vij". 
Robert Hyndeman holds a mess. & a bov. at viij= vij''. 

Robert Gloshop a mess. & a bov. formerly Rich'' Penyston's 
at xij^ xj''. 

Thorn. Paynton holds a mess. & a bov. at the will of the 
lord formerly Thomas Trygge's at v^ iiij'^ per ann. 

John Basselowe holds a mess. & a bov. at xvj= ij" with 
repairs tSr other services. 

Alice Cobb (Thorn. Hayward) formerly wife of John Cobbe 
holds a mess. & a bovate at viij= viij". 

John Penyston holds a mess. & a bov. & ij cottages at 
xij^ xj"* & other services. 

Richard Paton holds ij cottages & half a bov. at v' ij'' & 
other services. 



26 THE COURT ROLLS OF BASLOW, DERBYSHIRE. 

John Rudyard holds at will of lord j mac at ij' with j 
croft at v'' and half an acre called Abiiecote. 

Henry & Roger Wright hold a mess. & a bov. at iv' j'^. 

>^ Presented that Thomas Trygge who held a mess, at will 
died since last court. A heriot is due of which the 
provost there had notice. 

Thomas Poynton elected Ale-taster for the foll^ year and sworn. 

Mem'' for the next court concerning xij rents paid by the 
heirs of Godfrey Foliambe jun" who held by charter of 
Rich"* Vernon, to and for Thornshurst viz. for the part 
formerly Dionis at Wode. 

Enquire on behalf of the lord whether Robert Barley unjustly 
occupies & holds a parcel of meadow called Pygge- 
burgmedew of the lord's land lying in the demesne of 
Baslow, and if the same Robert unjustly occupies & 
holds another parcel of meadow in "le Trust" there 
and at the rent yearly paid from of old — iij' viij**. 

Court of ^tr T2?ifftom (Petriion ai OSaBfons, C^wtB^^B »^X^ 
affer ^. (Warg (glftsi>afene ^'m^ccccfjft." 

(No regnal assignment — a critical lime.) 

The jury presented that John Penyston's house is not sufficiently 
repaired, and the houses of Tho. Ponnton, Will Andrewe, 
Rob. Clark, Roger Whetecroft, John Motelow are in 
the like condition. 

John Gugate Innkeeper sells bread and ale contrary to the 
assize. 

Shakespeare makes Jack Cade, when vowing a re- 
formation, to say, " There shall be in England seven 
half-penny loaves sold for a penny; the threeliooped 
pot shall have ten hoops : and I will make it felony 
to drink small beer." — Hen. VI., pt. 2, Scene II. 

Roger Whetecroft broke an arrest made by the ' Headman ' 
regarding a pair of millstones. 



THE COURT ROLLS OF BASLOW, DERBYSHIRE. 27 

QSaefoTO Court 3cf^ "TTeb. Before ^. (gbtwari) fge (^Ktng^B 
©ag. ^imo 8 (gbwarb IV. 

The jury said on their oath that John Earl of Shrewsbury, 
Thorn. Wyld, Rob. Dawson, John Revell, Rich. Leche, 
& John Wright formerly of the lands of William Wyn 
Knight now in the hands of the Duke of Clarence being 
free tenants, owe suit and have not come. In mercy. 

Thom. Horseley, John Giles, Will. Staceye, Tho. Gregorye, 
Henr. Gregorie, John Gregorie, Hen. Havringham, Henr. 
Doume, John Harrison, John Doume, Will. Watkyn, Ric. 
Brentkoll, John Borough, Rob. Gregorie, Tho. Hayward, 
and Will. Hayward have trespassed on the moor digging 
turf and carrying it away without licence. In mercy. 

John Seller &: John & Will, his sons presented for trespass 
collecting " le Corke."* 

QSasfon) Court, TTeb. affer ^. (gbmunb t^t (ging. (^o 9 
(gbwarb IV. 

Roger Whetecroft, John Heit, Ric. Orme, John Soller, John 
Cooke, Thom. Milner, Henr. Heyward, Rob. Gregory & 
John Wylde broke down gaps round about the open field. 

QSftBfoTO Couti, anno 12 <gb. IV. QJlonbag aficv ^. :&uge'B 

©ag. 

John Earl of Shrewsbury Sir Will. Plumpton K' Thom Wylde 
Ric. Leche the heirs of Rog. North Nich. Dallison & 
John Penyston jun' free tenants owe suit, and have not 
come. In mercy. 

* In Lancashire cinders are sometimes called " Corks " : may the word 
refer to cinders from the bole-hills ? or even dark ? Perhaps, by transposition, 
the word has evolved from Croc from Croy — mud, slime, much used in those 
days for stopping the chinks in wattle work, of which the houses of the 
poorer sort was mainly composed. This is perhaps the true solution, ijiecause 
the burden of house repair fell upon the tenants themselves, the lord only 
providing them with building timber. These "wattle and dab" walls were 
usually within the building, but when employed for outer work, the clay, 
when dry, was covered with a thin coat of plaisler, which rendered it 
impervious to rain. 



28 THE COURT ROLLS OF BASLOW, DERBYSHIRE. 

A pain was imposed by the lord that all the tenants of this 
Manor holding under Henry Vernon should have 

1. a 'Jack' — A very strong leather jerkin made of the 

thickest whit-leather — reaching to the thigh. 

2. rt ' Salett,' or Salate, a kind of helmet which succeeded 

the bascinet, and specially distinguished by a 
projection behind to protect the neck ; the 
earlier salades had visors. 

Cade — "Many a time but for a sallet my brain pan 
had been cleft with a brown bill, and many 
a time when I have been dry and bravely 
marching, it hath served me instead of a 
quart pot to drink in." — Hen. VI., pt. 2, 
Scene X. — (Shakespeare.) 

3. "a stvord," 

4. "a l>07ti 6^ arroivs,' 

Against the feast of Christmas next, under pain of every 
one of them 4o^ 

Q^aBfow Courft ^^. ^tmon ^ %ui>t*B ®ag. (^nno 13 
<gb. IV. 

A William Horton has died since last court — an ox was 
seised for a heriot — his house is ruinous : xx^ 

►J< Thomas Shaw of Somervale is dead. 

OSasfom Comi, "TTeb. 29 (Wag. O^nno. 16 (gbm^ IV. 

Roger Whetecroft viij'', Thom. Pighells xij"* the two sons of 
John Seller. The two sons and daughter & servant of 
Rog. Boterall, the dau. of John Cook, John Hart & his 
two daughters & wife, John Rudyard. Wife of Thom. 
Dekon John Elotte xij'' and the two sons and two 
servants of Will. Mather collected " Corfces" without 
permission. In mercy. 

Rich"" Basselow has been occupied in the quarry witiiout leave. 



THE COURT ROLTS OF EASI OVV, DERBYSHIRE. 29 

Robert Brentknoll v^ Thorn Pighell v^ and Will Roworthe 
broke and arrest made there upon certain millstones. 
In mercy. 

The jury said Hackewode was enclosed and made separate 
to the prejudice of the lord and the injury of his 
tenants. 

QBaafon). " QOt&uBi' t^urabag next affer f eaef of ^ranaf 

of ^. (gbwarb f^e (Ktns. (^nno 18 (gbnjorb IV. 

Roger Wheatcroft complained that Thorn. Horton had detained 

four pairs of millstones to val. of xxvj= viijd. He also 

complained that Rich. Basselow had detained 2 pairs of 

stones to val. of xiij^ viij''. 

John Ellott with two servants had collected " /e Corke " upon 
the moor. In mercy. 

Alice North liij'* made an assault upon Margery Ragge & 
drew blood. 

John Seler vj" & Will Seler made Hue & cry and Home- 

sokon upon Roger Decon contrary to the peace. In mercy 

Bue (5^= Cry.— An outcry or alarm raised to incite lo 

the pursuit and capture of a felon or robber. 
Homsoken. — The immunity of a house or habitation . 
the privilege of the dwelling, so that he who breaks 
or infringes that security is said to commit Hamsocen. 
Hamsoken is commonly defined as an invasion of 
the dwelling, or an assault made on a house. (Vide: 
Der laiige.) 
Hackewodde which was enclosed by Rich'' Eyre and kept 
separate by him, now ordered to be opened under pain 
of vj^ viij"*. 

Q^aefoTO: Srang (pfebge tn Seafo ^. qpefroniffe. (^0 20 

Christ. Dervyle Roger Northe Ric. Leche John Revell owes suit. 
The wife of Geo. Ffyssher is a common trespasser in the 



30 THE COURT ROLLS OF BASLOW, DERBYSHIRE. 

deniense " rasyng and pullyiig "* without licence. In 
mercy. 
Henry Doume & John Gregorie cut down the underwood at 
Utterhagh. 

©ag. (^nno 22 <gbnj. IV. 

John Penyston jun' collected " le Corke," " Russelhedde." 

Rob. Shemel for fishing with " Roddenetts," ij''. 

John Gregorie for fishing with " Troutsperes " iiij"^. 

Roger Whetecroft against Roger North on the plea of his 
detention of one horse val. xiij% one pair of spurs, one 
pair of hunting boots, val. ij^ vj"^, one Gorget, val. ij% 
one pair of gauntlets, iij^ iiij*^, one Salade or Salett, 
val. v^ Verdict — The said R. North ought to deliver 
to the aforesaid Roger the Salett, and viij' at the feast 
of S. James and S. Michael. 

And afterwards they said that they had the driving of the 
whole moor of Baslow and had been accustomed to do 
so once, viz., after the feast of the Invention of 
Holy Cross (May 3), and another time at the feast of 
S. Michael every year, and to fine all trespassers taken 
there according to the number &: nature of their offences, 
within their own court. (See next court.) 

Robert Gregorie ploughed a butt-land on the common ij"*. 
He placed a " priests weir " (see Court held i Ric. HI.) 
through the Derwent river which never was there before. 

Henry Elotte ploughed from the common to Calvore bridge, 

which never was done before. 
Inquire whether the land Roger Boterals has appropriated 

at Stokeholes belongs to the lord. 

* Committing small thefts. Raise = a robbery N. — syii. — "lifting;" 
pulling = picking. 



THE COURT ROLLS OF BASLOW, DERBYSHIRE. 3 r 

Qlaufonj: ijrcing (pPebge. ^^. (CgB : g (Pafer : (^.©.1483. 
Roger Dervyle made an attack upon Rog. VVhetecroft, John 
Hobbeson and Will Selar and raised the " hue " there 
contrary to the peace. 

Twelve persons were fined for trespassing on the moor 
collecting " Corke." 

>^ Rob. Lyome died since last court : yearly rent, ix' vij''. 
Heriot a brass pot — house out of repair, ij". 

The jury said that lately the Earl of Shrewsbury by Robert 
Eyre his seneschal had held two great courts by usurpation, 
one after the feast of Easter, & another after the feast 
of S. Michael : and in the said court they look the 
dues & perquisites of Henry Vernon, Esq., against his 
title & hereditary right ; because neither the said Earl 
nor his seneschal ought to have nor hold any court 
save that of Court Baron of the tenants belonging to 
said Earl, and no other court was used of old times 
because it was found by Verdict before the justices 
itinerant in the Co. of Derby in the time of Edward 
III. that all the amercements pertaining to the View 
of Frank Pledge belonged to the ancestors of the said 
Henry Vernon, Esq., with all the profits issuing from 
the same, from the time to which memory did not extend. 
And similarly they said that as regarding the driving 
of the whole Moor in Baslow demesne twice a year, 
viz., after the Invention of Holy Cross, and after the 
Feast of Michaelmas, the ancestors of the said Henry 
Vernon were accustomed to take and drive the moor 
aforesaid, and all the sheep then found thereon, pertained 
to the said Henry, and his ancestors from ancient times, 
& to no other person. 

And afterwards they said that Richard Eyre made a 
driving of the moor this year contrary to the right, title, 
& heirship of the said Henry Vernon. In mercy, xl^ 
"iht MnriH," 



32 THE COURT ROLLS OF BASLOW, DERBYSHIRE. 

QSaBfom : CPt'em of franft (pfebge miQ eourf. 14 &ctoB 
®nno 1 Q?tc3arb II[. wtioD. 

Rich'' Ragge has a gurgit (a weir or dam-head) at ffoggote. 

Nich. Dalleson similarly. 

Rog. Habergham has a guiget at Corborough. 

Thorn. Hyndeman the like. 

Rob. Coke has a gurgit between Corborough & Bubnell. 

Thurstan Elotte has a gurget at Wolloshagh. 

Thorn. Ruyley has a gurget under Bubnall. 

Ric. Eyre has a gurget there. 

Ric. Paton has a gurget in Baslow brook. 

Ric. Eyre has a gurget there. 

Richard Doune, priest, has one there likewise, viz., i gurget 
there under Cumter, without licence. (See Court 22 
Edttid IV.) ' 

The servants of Richard Eyre by his command made trespass 
in cutting wood & underwood at Lychemere without 
licence. 

Q^aBfom: CPtem of frang (pfebge. M<^iurh<^^ afht m 
^foBe of (gasfer. (^o 2 (gic^. m. 

A pain of xP was imposed on Roger Levet that he should 
amend the quarry above the water of Derwent by 24 June. 

^ Richard Paton deceased since last court, his black cow 
was sent to Haddon for a heriot. Joan Paton his 
widow succeeded to his messuage & half bovate and 
j pykke within the lord's quarry there. Yearly rent for 
mess. & land v= x'' and for the quarry xiij^ nVf. 

Nich. Dawson came & took up one pick within the quarry 
at xiij= iiijd yearly rent, and one pair of millstones. 

The tenants to make a Pinfalder by i Feb. next under a 
penalty of 40" each. 



THE COURT ROLLS OF BASLOW, OERDYSHTFIi^ ^;^ 

q^aBfon): (^icrv of Jranft (pt mii^ Courf oaaroiu TTeb. 
nejcf afitt Corpus C^^mft. (^nno 1 J5«»- VII. 

('yi// fke Rolls representifig this reign are ott paper.) 

^ The jury presented that Will. Andrewe who held a 
messuage with the appurts. in Baslow of the lord by 
military service & a yearly rent of viij'' & other services 
had died since last court & that John Andrew is his 
son & next heir & is of the age of 21 &: more. The 
Bailiff ordered to make distraint on the said John that 
he may do to the lord homage, relief, «& other services 
due. 

The lands and tents, formerly held by Ric. Page had been 
entered upon by John Revell as the next heir. The 
jury said the property was held by military service — and 
John Revell was of the age of 18 and more, and he 
entered upon the same because he was under age. 



>n5: (PtauB. (^nno 4 j^enrg VII. 

^ John Shaw who held of the lord by Charter one 
messuage &; divers parcels of land & meadow is dead. 
John Shaw is his son & heir. 

Presented that Philip Leche entered Baslow Moor and within 
its bounds between Dawkynwaste and Reddebonk the 
same Philip & his servants found certain sheep & heifers 
and drove them to Chattesworth, and put them in the 
park there, to the injury of the lord, because the said 
Philip had no right so to do. In mercy, xl^ 

O^aBfom £;ourf (z. (Pibub. of ^tr %t\\. CPernon. (^o 15 
genrg VII. 

Roger Gregory for digging & carrying away turf & peat on 
the moor iiij"*. 

Rich. Staley for a similar offence viij''. 
3 



34 THE COURT ROLLS OF BASLOW, DERBYSHIRE. 

Presented that " Dominus " Edward Fox chaplain placed a 
" Leppe " ( = rt /eaj>e) in the lord's water at the end 
of Cumtor. In mercy. 

Richard Newbold placed two ' leppes " in the lord's water 
at Berebroke. In mercy. 
These " leppes " appear to have been baskets placed under 
the weir to catch the salmon which failed to leap the fall. 
(From A.S. Leap — a basket, hamper or pannier of osiers.) 

Philip Leche was presented for digging and acquiring stone 

on Baslow Moor. 
It is ordained by the xii (jury) that no one henceforth 

shall lead or carry any millstones over the bridge of 

Basselowe under pain of vj^ viij*^ to the lord for 

every pair of millstones so carried. 

Q^asforo: (PtsuB. (^o 16 ^enrg VII. 

John Sellar kept a pasture called Grysteley-ffeld separate, 
when it should be common & open to all the tenants, 
xij"*. He also kept Lytyll Toft in the same way. 

Roger Bulterals reserved Lytyll Wodecroft in the same manner. 

Robert Tune likewise excluded the tenants from Brygefurlong 
in Bubnell and all other pastures near the Hall of 
Bubnall which lie common & o[)en to the tenants of 
Baslow. 

John Hyngeman reserved Newland to himself. 
Richard Bayle treated Butterals Close in the same manner, 
Roger Wood excluded the other tenants from Derecroft 
& Madecroft. 

Will. Milne of Tottenley presented for collecting '■ Curke." 
Will. Malyn raised & placed a weir in the Derwent on the 

lord's ground. Richard Newbold also placed one in 

Berebrook on the lord's land. 



THE COURT ROLLS OF BASLOW, DERBYSHIRE. 35 

John Haregreyne raised a weir on the lord's land in Urn 
berley broke without leave. 

George Earl of Shrewsbury raised & placed a weir on the 
lord's ground in the Derwent, and stopped the water- 
course between the lord's mill of Baslow. (? Between 
the Derwent lS; the mill.) 

Robert Gregorie ploughed upon the lord's ground at 

Shollebrodes in North field. Thomas Pethell did the 

same at Bridgefurlong & Brode Rodes. 
Rob. Gregorie of Baslow stopped the common way at 

Dykestone hille. Roger Butterhals stopped a water-course 

at Lydde-yate. 
Thomas Harrison incurred the pain of vj' viij'' because he 

carried millstones over Basselow Bridge contrary to the 

order made. 
Roger Whetecroft made his ditch upon Aston Clyff justly 

& rightly on the lord's ground and the quykesete stands 

on the lord's ground too & not otherwise. 

qeaefow : f rang qp. QOisus. of ^tr %tn. (Pernon. (§.0 17 
J5en. VII.. 3efb (^onbog ntxi affer i^t leaaf of 3nttenfton 
of %o{2 €:roBB. 

Presented that Robert Tune had inclosed a pasture called 
Hakedwode by command of George Earl of Shrewsbury 
which is the sole property of Sir Henry Vernon lord 
of Baslow against the will of the said Henry, and thus 
he holds it distinct as belonging to the said George 
against the Form of Right which it never was originally. 
In mercy. The said Robert is commanded to throw 
the fence down and lay the said pasture open against 
next court day under pain of xP forfeit to the lord. 
The said Rob. Tune cut down the trees «S; thorns in 
Hakewode. In mercy. 

Because this roll is so tattered, it is desirable that the 
following particulars recorded therein should be preserved. 



36 THE COURT ROLLS OF BASLOW, DERBYSHIRE. 

" Presented that the s'' George Earl of Shrewsbury holds by 
force (vim.) 6 acres of land in Bromley Field, and 5 
acres of land in Bubnell field, which is near the ground of 
the said Sir Henry Vernon K', and the aforesaid Henry and 
all his ancestors ever had it time out of mind and the 
said Earl and all his ancestors never before had it but 
the said Earl of Shrewsbury now occupies it by force 
contrary to the form of right. In mercy. 

It. The said Earl of Shrewsbury raised and placed a "Weere" 
upon the ground of the lord in the Derwent to the 
injury of the same lord and tied or bound it (ligavit) 
to the ground of the s"^ lord against his will and it 
never was so before. In mercy. 

It. The said George Earl of S. lately by his power occupied & 
held the mill of Bubnell and received the whole multure 
of the same which the said Henry Vernon and all his 
ancestors always had a moiety of the multure of the 
same mill without any interruption from time immemorial, 
and the said earl lately by his power received the said 
multure contrary to the form of right, &c. 

The said George Earl of S. by his might lately occupied 
& holds a selion of land called Whiteley and another 
selion which John Penyston holding of the said Henry 
Vernon formerly occupied & held in right of the said 
Henry, and a parcel of meadow there which the said 
John P. held from time immemorial, and now the said 
Earl has taken the aforesaid two selions, and occupies 
by his power contrary to the form of right. In mercy. 

John Parker purchased of Robert Coke a messuage & divers 
lands which the s"* Robert held in Bubnell and which 
were held of the lord of Baslow by military service, 
for which there fell to the lord homage relief fealty & 
other services with a heriot, The bailiff ordered to make 
seisure until &c. 



THE COURT KOLLS OF BASLOW, DERBYSHIRE. 37 

The sa.d George Earl of S. purchased of the said John Parker 
the aforesaid messuage with certain lands in Bubnell 
wh.ch s<^ messuage with the appurts. were held of the lord 
of Baslow by military service whence there fell to the 
lord homage relief fealty & other services with a 
heriot, &c., &c. 

Will. Haliingworth of Bubnell, Rich. Bageshaw of Corborowe. 
Rog. Gregorie dug turf & peat on East moor. As also 
Lady Catheiine Eyre, 

Thurstan Lowe of Hassop, Henry Hasalam, do., Ric. Bardalfe 
do., Thom. Barley of Stoke. ' 

It. presented William White Chaplain (and others) fur fishing 
in the lord's waters, and raising a weir in the same 
and attaching it to the ground of the said lord withou; 
leave, to the injury of the lord's mill. 
Rog. Butterals holds Grysteleyffeld to himself which ,s 

common & open to all the tenants. 
Emmota Wright the same with Dilfield. 
Roger Wood the same with Bromley pasture. 
Ric. Newbold keeps Le Flattes which ,s also common. 
John Haregreyve the same with Fforde fijde. 
Henry Dawson the same with Derecroft & Maddecroft. 
Robert Cune holds Brigeforlong separate. 
John Cokke holds John Cokke Weyre separate. 
Rob. Gregorie keeps to himself a pasture on Bakestone Hill 
John Gregory cut "Asshe planter" in Lechemeyre wood 
under Derwent. 

^ Roger Butterals died since last court. Roger his son 
& heir is of full age. 



38 THE COURT ROLLS OF BASLOW, DERBYSHIRE. 

QSaBBefowe: ^ourf of franfi (pfebge of %en. (Vernon (gt 
TTeb. nexi after (^ff ^lainfs* ©og. (^nno 20 ^enrg VII. 

Robert Cune incurred a pain of xx' for not casting down 

a bank at Piebrige Meadowe. 
Thomas Haywarde holds Bukerale close separate when it 

should be in common. 
Robert Cune holds Erode close against Bubnell Hall (aiilai?i) 

and a pasture called Bubnell Dale separate when they 

should be common. 
Lady Katherine Eyre of Hassop fined iiij'^ for collecting 

" Fferne " in Bubnell Dale. (Probably for bedding cattle.) 

George Leche (of Chatsivorth) was presented for diminishing 
a moor called Basselow Moor and now called Chatsworth 
More, being part of the said Basselowe More and such 
(right) he has not. In mercy. iij' iiij''. 

John Dawson keeps Derecroft Pasture separate when it should 
be common. Ordered to be thrown open again. 

Q^aefow «£ourf. (J»ibu6. %x. Qpfeg. 16 <bti. 23 %t\\. VII. 

Robert Kutton was presented because he set the common 
on fire to the general injury of the tenants dwelling 
there. In mercy. 

John Cocke enclosed a pasture called " Le Wer " against 
the Form of Right. To be thrown open. 

^ John Hendeman died since last court. Heriot a cow 
with her calf. 

>^ John Matley died since last court. Heriot due. 

Ordered that if any tenant make, hold, or dismiss a sub- 
tenant without the lord's leave he shall pay a fine of 
vj* viij''. 
Here follows an undated Rental of the Manor, but 

obviously about 3 Henry V., comprising the districts of 

Baslow, Cordbourg, and Bobenhill. 



THE COURT ROLLS OF BASLOW, DERBYSHIRE. 39 

There are rolls fer i, 8, Hen. VII. 
In the i2'" year of Eliz. it was provided that :- 
'Evy pson aboue x or betwyxt xii yere of age and xx 
yere, to haue a bowe & ij arowes before the Trynyty 
Soday & vse the dayly, in payne of eSy one xij". " 
Rolls exist for 12. 15, x6, 17. ,g, 30, 31. 33. 29, 3c, 
31, 33. 34, 41 Elizab. Also for x, 8, 9, 10, ix (a suit 
Roll or x6x4), 16. x6x5, x6x6, x6x7, x6x8, "a suite 
Rowle 16, 19, 20, 21, 22, James I. 

Of Charles I. there are rolls for ,629, 1630, 1632, 16^. 
1635. Of Charles II. X663, 1664-5, 1673, endu.g with a 
list of suitors for 1673. 



46 



i^otrs on a ^a^istovtc 35urial=piacc at 
Jltcgtrale, ucav J^tatloclt BvitTQC. 



John Ward, F.S.A. 



M 



BOUT the middle of April, 1893, a sensational story 
went the round of the local press. The heading of the 
version as given in the Derbyshire Times — " Horrible 
Discoveries at Matlock : Human Bones found in Rock 
Crevasse "' — will at once indicate its nature and recall the 
event to the reader's memory. This " horrible discovery " 
was made at the Cawdor Quarries, opposite the gas works, 
near Matlock Bridge Station ; and the circumstances that 
attended it were as follows: — The proprietors, Messrs. 
Constable and Co., had decided to extend their workings in 
the direction of Megdale Farm, and this necessitated, as a first 
step, the removal of the superficial soil. In doing this, the 
men (to quote the above newspaper account) " came to an 
excavation in the rock, probably naturally formed, and one 
which ran a distance of several yards, but this was filled with 
loose stones, believed to have been placed there. On removing 
a large stone, it was found that there was a number of human 
remains underneath," which proved to belong to four skeletons. 
The firm immediately reported the matter to the police, who 
in their turn submitted the best-preserved skull to a medical 
gentleman. The opinion given was that it was the skull of a 
middle-aged man ; that a fracture, not of recent date, on the 
left temple was proof of a violent death; and that the skeletons 
had been buried some thirty or forty years. 



NOTES ON A-PRE-HISTORIC BURIAL-PLACE AT MEGDALE. 4 1 

Naturally, the discovery caused much excitement, particu- 
larly so when it was learned that the quarrymen had previously 
found a knife and a coin in the vicinity of the skeletons. There 
was no longer doubt in the public mind that a horrible murder 
had been perpetrated, and that somehow the knife and the 
coin would turn out to be important links in the solution of 
the mystery. Tlicn it was remembered, that " years ago, men 
were missed in a peculiar way in a wood which runs near to 
the quarry, and that these disappearances were never solved 
at the time." The coin " had nothing on it " to indicate its 
date ; and as the knife was fifteen feet away from the skeletons, 
its connection with the " horrible find " will not appeal to the 
readers as very cogent. Nor is what follows conclusive,— 
" Thirty years ago, the rock at the quarry extended right up 
to the railway, and the site where this cave has been dis- 
covered would then be on the top of a barren waste and far 
away from any human dwelling, this place being severed from 
the main road leading to Bakewell by the River Derwent." 
Murderers, surely, would not drag their victims from the cover 
of a wood to an open and con.spicuous waste to dispose of them. 
But apart from this, the statement is not correct. The old 
village of Matlock is hardly half-a-mile away ; while the 
Ordnance Survey of 1836 — 64 years ago — shows the Bridge 
as already surrounded with houses, with Megdale Farm close 
to the spot, as at present. The pressman, however, consolingly 
assures his readers that " there will in no case be any necessity 
to raise a hue and cry for the perpetrators of the old-time 
murders, as the whole of them have probably followed their 
victims and paid the debt of nature." 

The fact is, the " horrible find " was a pre-historic inter- 
ment. Dr. Moxon, of Matlock, kindly sent the writer some 
particulars, a few days after the discovery, which go far to 
prove this. The rough diagram which he appended by way of 
illustration is here reproduced. " The bones," he stated, " were 
not found in a cave, but simply about two or three feet below 
the surface, between two vertical beds of limestone, and 



42 NOTES ON A PRE-HISTORIC BURIAL-PLACE AT MEGDALE. 

resting on some soil. . . . The soil for some distance below 
the bones and the limestone on each side, had a distinct red 
tinge, quite different from any other soil in any other part 
of the quarry or the neighbourhood." The space occupied by 
the bones was about two feet square, and was covered by a 



s u 



peRFlCIAU SOIL. 




large stone weighing about two cwt., which was not fashioned in 
any way. The superficial soil was of " a peaty character," 
about eighteen inches thick. When the Doctor saw the bones, 
" there were portions of four different skulls, together with 
some of the long bones." 

Burial in natural clefts or fissures in the rock was common 
among the primitive folk of the Peak. For example, I refer 
the reader to Mr. Salt's exploration of barrows on Grinlow and 
Stoop High-edge, near Buxton {Proceedings Soc. Antig. New 
Series. XV., p. 422, and XVI., p. 262), the only difference 
being that the graves of these were not covered with slabs 
of stone, but simply filled and covered with the materials of 
the mounds. No mound, it is true, was observed at Megdale, 
but these ancient mounds have often been removed in 
modern times for the sake of their stone. Such a mound seems 
to be implied in the newspaper account, which states that the 
fissure beyond the limits of the grave was filled with large 
stones, " beheved to have been placed there." If a cairn had 
been raised over the site, its stones would of course fill the 
fissure ; and it is likely enough that those who removed it 



NOTES ON A PRE-HISTORIC BURIAL-PLACE AT MEGDALE. 43 

would stop short with the natural surface, and not go below 
it. The interstices of these ancient cairns are often filled 
with black vegetable mould, and the removal of the stones 
might well leave behind on the spot a thick deposit of this 
mould, such as Dr. Moxon observed over the grave. The red 
tinge mentioned by the Doctor, was perhaps the effect of fire. 
The presence of charcoal and other signs of fire have frequently 
been noticed in pre-historic graves. 

Apparently no implement or other object of human manu- 
facture accompanied the skeletons; evidence, therefore, from 
this source as to their antiquity is denied us. The pressman, 
indeed, made this a strong point against these skeletons being 
ancient, but pre-historic interments are frequently found to 
lack such accompaniments. He also attempted to throw 
doubt upon their orderly burial in consequence of their 
muddled condition. It is obvious, however, that in a 
space only two feet square, the bodies must have been 
buried in a contracted attitude, which is the usual attitude in 
ancient British interments; and the bones of such interments 
always present a mixed-up appearance to the inexperienced 
observer. The position of the skeletons, on the brow of an 
eminence, was a favourite one for burial purposes with the 
ancient Britons. 

With data so slender, it is hardly safe to attempt to assign 
a narrower period for this sepulchre than that just broadly 
expressed as pre-historic. All the skeletons appear to have 
been together. It would help us if we could know whether 
they were all buried at one time, or successively. If the former, 
we should have good grounds for attributing them to the 
Bronze Age; if the latter, we might be inclined to suggest 
the preceding era of the chambered tumuli. But the half- 
natural recess in which the skeletons were found was 
so small compared with the grand chambers of these tumuli, 
that we may well hesitate to associate it with them. It is safer 
to assign it to the Bronze Age, to which the great majority of 
our Derbyshire pre-historic burial-places belong. 



44 NOTES GN A PRE-HISTORIC BUftlAL-PLACE AT MEGDALE. 





SKULL A., MEGDALE. 

One-third full size. 



NOTES ON A PRE-HISTORIC BURIAL-PLACE AT MEGDALE. 



45 



The interments of this period .usually consist of one individual 
each ; less frequently, of a man and wife, or a parent and 
infant ; and rarely, of more than two adults. It is difficult to 
understand the occasional instances of several adult skeletons 
occupying the same cist or grave, unless we suppose that the 
receptacle was re-opened for later burials. To speculate 
whether this was the case or no at Megdale would be a mere 
waste of time. 

All the bones which were recovered have been lent me by 
Mr. R. Parker, of Buxton, the owner of the property in which 
the Cawdor Quarries are situated. In condition and outward 
appearance they exactly agree with barrow bones generally, 
and thus further prove the pre-historic age of the burial place. 
They consist of one skull mimis its face bones ; fragments of 
three other skulls ; two perfect mandibles and one fragment ; 
portions of three maxilae ; several long bones, and sundry 
other fragments. 

The most perfect skull (skull A)* is shown on page 44, one- 
third full size, in the usual norma', and drawn as described 
in Vol. XII., p. 131. This skull presents, horizontally, a 
symmetrical oval outline. In the side view, the supraciliary 
ridges are seen to be bold, the forehead tolerably full, the 
calvarial vault lofty, and the occiput protuberant. The sides 



* The following measurements and 
those given in the Journal for other 



Extreme length 




7-4 


Do. from glabella . 


7-45 


Extreme breadth 




5-3 


Vertical height 




57 


Basi-cranial axis 




4-1 


Circumference 




20 "4 


Frontal arc . . 




5-iS 


Parietal arc. . 




5-4 


Occipital arc 




4-65 


Total longitudina 


arc . 


15-2 


Least frontal vvi 


1th 


3-62 


Greatest frontal 


width . 


453 


Greatest occipital 


width . 


4-35 



indices of this skull accord with 

skulls. Measurements in inches : — 

Measurements from the 

auditory meati — 

Radius to nasal suture ... 3 '84 

Bregmal radius . . . . 4*9 

Parietal radius . . . . 478 

Bregmal arc . . . . 13 "05 

Parietal arc. . . . . . 12 '9 

Cephalic index .. .. 71 '61 

Do. from glabella.. .. 7ri4 

Measurements of face — nasio- 

alveolar line 
Height of orbit 
Width of do. 



274 

1-5 
1.08 



(Other measurements not possible). 



46 NOTES ON A PRE-HISTORIC BURIAL-PLACE AT MEGDALE. 

are upright and parallel, and the points of greatest breadth 
are low down, abutting upon the temporal sutures. The sutures 
are partially obliterated. A loose right maxillary, with its 
malar bone, evidently belongs to this skull, and is shown 
replaced in the front view on the plate, from which it will be 
seen that the face was long and narrow. The teeth are 
moderately worn. I hesitate tO' venture an opinion as to sex 
and age, but it seems to me that a man in early middle life 
and of small and slender build is indicated. 

Skull B is less perfect, lacking both base and temporal 
regions. Like the preceding it is dolichocephalic, but the fore- 
head and vault are low, and the supraciliary ridges moderately 
developed. Of Skull C, only the frontal remains. It appears 
to have closely resembled A. Its supraciliary ridges are 
confluent and very pronounced (a strong male characteristic), 
and the nasal bones spring forward in such a way as tO' suggest 
a " Roman " nose. Of D, only the vault is left, and this 
indicates a thick, dolichocephalic skull, with unusually intricate 
sutures. 

One of the perfect mandibles is strongly built, and has a bold 
and deep chin. The other is slight, and its wisdom teeth have 
not appeared. Both of these jaws are too wide for Skull A. 
The teeth of the various upper and lower jaws are free from 
decay, and exhibit varying degrees of wear, some, as those 
which certainly belonged to the last-mentioned skull, exhibit 
a degree of wear which, while only moderate for a pre-historic 
individual, would be deemed excessive or impossible in the 
case of a modern EngHshman. 

Among the long bones, is one perfect femur and portions 
of several others, relating in all to four individuals. The per- 
fect bone is somewhat slender, and in consequence of the great 
projection of the liiiea aspera, the shaft has an ill-filled appear- 
ance. It is 17-6 in. in length, which, taken as 27-5 per cent. 
of the stature in life, give 5 ft. 4 in. for the latter. With the 
exception of one shaft, which has a very youthful look, the 
other fragments closely resemble the above. There is one 



NOTES ON A PRE-HISTORIC BURIAL-PLACE AT MEGDALE. 47 

imperfect tibia, and it has the flattening of the shin 
(platycnemism) frequently noticed in these ancient remains. 

So far as we can judge from these imperfect skeletons, the 
people buried in this Megdale vault were dolichocephalic, slight 
in build and short in stature. None, certainly, attained to old 
age ; it is doubtful whether we can say that any of them even 
reached the later half of middle life. One — the owner of 
Skull D, the jaw without wisdom-teeth, and the juvenile femur 
— appears to have died in early youth. 

With these human bones, as sent by Mr. Parker, were a few 
teeth and fragments of bones of various animals, among which 
the boar, the ox, a young deer, and possibly the horse, were 
represented. Presumably these teeth and bones were found on 
the site more or less associated mth the human bones, in which 
case we may regard them as relics of the funeral feast or of 
food offered to the dead. 

So far from being the victims of a direful tragedy half a 
century ago or less, these skeletons, if they were still living 
among us in their dotage, would be garrulous in reminiscences 
of the Roman legions, and would date their first grey hairs 
from the Battle of Hastings. 



48 



lElopal ^ins fov t\)t eountg of I3ci1)g, 
temp. Eli}, 



By W. A. Carrington. 



HE following is a list of loans levied upon the gentry 
and others within the County of Derby, by virtue 
of Privy Seal, with the amounts paid and collected 
by John Manners, Esq., of Nether Haddon, in tiie 
years 1589, 1591 and 1597:— 

Derb. ff. A noate of all suche psons as were appointed by 
vertue of the Quenes Ma'* orSs of pryvie Scale to lend 
money to her highnes w"' in the County of Derfe 
declaring^ w"'" of them have payde and the somes 
and w"^'' of them have made defalt and there 
answeres. 

Marche 26 : 1589. 

Received at Derfe the xxvj"' of Marche 1589 
of John Harpur Esq3 

of Thomas Gell Esquire 1 

of John Bullock Esquire 1 

of John ffrancis of fformark Esq3 xxv 

of Leonard Shallcrosse of Shallcrosse gent ... xxv 

of James Abney of Wilsley Esqj xxv 

of M'* Constance Edmondson of Sawley 
Widowe 



KOYAL AIDS FOR THE COUNTY OF DERBY. 49 

of Thomas Leighe of Eggington Esqj . . xxv 

of Willm Black wall of Alton gent xxv 

of Waller Horton of Catton Esq3 xxv 

of Michaell Willoughbie of Rysley gent xxv 

of Willm CoUedge of Steede gent xxv 

of John Merry of Barton gent xxv 

of Humphrey Dethicke of Newall Esq? xxv 

of Arthur Porter of Howne gent xxv 

of Richard Dale of Osmaston xxv 

Received at Derby the xxvij"' day of Marche) 
of S' Tho : Cocken Knight ' 

of Jolin Dethicke of Bredsall gent xxv 

of Thomas Knyveton of Myrcaston Esq3 xxv 

of M'^- fTrechwell of Staley (Staveley) Widdowe xxv 

of Robt. Cytwell of Staveley gent xxv 

of Henry Bagshawe of Ridge gent xxv 

of Robt. Beynbrige of Calke gent xxv 

Received at Derby y" iiij"' day of Aprill of^ 

Thomas Gresley of Drakeley Esqj \ ^^^ 

of INI" ffeelding of Derby Widdowe xxv 

of Henry Wigley of Middleton gent xxv 

of Thomas Mosley of Eyam the v"" of A prill 1 



at Derby ' ^-^^ 

of Thomas Eyre of Highloe the same daye ... xxv 

of Richard Kirklond of Normanton xxv 

of Henry Kendall of Smithsbie gent xxv 

of Willm Bassett of Langley Esq3 xxv 

of John Cley of Wakebridge gent xxv 

of Godfrey ffoliambe of Walton Esq^ 1 

of John Longe of Howme gent xxv 



50 ROYAL AIDS FOR THE COUNTY OF DERBY. 

of Willm Botham of Derby draper xxv 

of Richard ffletcher of Derby butcher xxv 

of George Revyll of Normanton gent xxv 

Received at Haddon the viij"' day of Aprill , 

of xpofer Slater of Barlbrough yom ! 

of John Gyll of Norton yom xxv 

Received at Haddon y*" ix"' of Aprill of Johni 

Parker of Norton gent I 

of John Rodes of Staveley Woodthorpe Esqj xxv 

Received at Derby y^ vij"' of Aprill of Edward i 

Smyth of Derby butcher ) 

Received at Haddon the viij"' of Aprill of| 

James Lynacre of Linacre Esq3 I 

of Roger Columbell of Darley Esquire xxv 

of Robt. Spencer of Glapwell at London thei 

xx'" of Aprill ) ^^'^' 

of Aden Beresford of Birchover Esquire xxv 

of Walter Powtrell Esquire and his mother at) 

Derb. the xviij"' of J une ' 

of M'' ffrances Leek of Sutton Esquire at) 

London the ix"' of July ) 

Sm total — xiij 1'' 

One of the ffoure tellers acquittances for 
receipt of the said lone money. 
Com Received of John Manners Esquire Collectorx 

Derb. for the lone w"'in the Countie aforesaid the 

some of one thousand twoe hundreth pounds 
vizt the xviij"' of Aprill 1589, eight hundreth, 
and xxij"" of the said Aprill foure hundreth 
pounds to her Ma" vse as parcell of his/M.CC 
Collection assessed vppon divers gente and 
others w"'in the said County. 

In wittnes wherof I have hereunto put my 

name vizt 

W. Sugden. 



ROYAL AIDS FOR THE COUNTY OF DERBY. 5 1 

viij" die Julij Anno xxxj° Rne 
Elizabeth, 1589. 
Received more of the said John Manners-v 
Esqj parcell of his coUeccion the sum of one - C' 

hundreth pounds to her Ma" vse vizt ' 

W. Sugden. 

xxj" Nouemt) A° xxxj" Rne 
Eh'z. 1589. 
Received more of the said John Manners ^ 
Esquire as paicell of his said Collection the- 1'' 

some of fififtie pounds to her Ma'^ vse ' 

W. Sugden. 

Sm total — xiij 1'' 
A particular noate of all theire names w* lent 
money to the Quenes Ma"" w"'in the Countie 
of Derbie by vertue of her highnes Pryvie 
seales to theim directed, together w"' theire 
severall somes Collected by my M' John 
Manners of Netherhaddon Esq3 in the 
monethes of Aprell Maye and June 1591. 
And paide into her Ma'''^ Court of Exchequer 
in the beginning of July next following vizt. 
Imjimis Received of Henry Sacheverell ofv 
Morley Esqj the xxviij"' daye of Aprell at[ xx 
Ayleston ' 

Itm Received of Edward Mondaye of Marton 1 

•^ . XXX 

gent the xxviij"' of Maye at Derby ) 

Itm Received of Edward Hoult of Stanton gent xx 

Itm of Robt. Eyre of Baslow x. Patrick Chap- 1 
man V. C John Greaves V ■' 

Itm of Thomas Villers of Wylne gent xx 

of Henry Howden of Wylne xx 

of Antony Lytsler of little Chester xx 



52 ROYAL AIDS FOR THE COUNTY OF DERBY. 

Itm Received at Chesterfield the first of June\ 

I XX 

of Godfrey Clarck of Brampton gent ) 

Ilm of John Watkinson of Brampton xx 

of John Brelesford of Stretton xx 

of Roger ffielwell of Heathe xx 

of James Bullock of Norton xx 

Itm Received of John Revill of Brakenfeldi 
gent the iiij"' of June at Haddon ) 

of Adam VVoolley of Matlock xxx 

of Humphrey Small and John Youle of Boul-) 

I XX 

sover ' 

of Willm Cavendish Esq3 the v"' of June c 

of William Bradwine of Edegtall Esq5 at | 
Haddon tlie vj"' of June i 

of Charles Agard at Haddon the x"' of June ... xx 

Itm Received of Hugh Revill of Scarclif xx 

of Arthur Cartwright and John Owtram xx 

Ilm of Robt. Eyre of Hope Esq3 the vij"" of] 
June ) 

of Edward Bullock and xpor Stevenson at] 
Haddon the xiij"' of June I 

Itm Received of Adam Eyre of Crokehill the, 

Ih f T XX 

XV of June I 

Itm of John Staveley of Redseats at Tiddes- ) 
wall the xviij"' of June ' 

of Arthur More and Robt. Cooke of Cowley) 
at Haddon the xxj"' of June I 

ItiTi of Henry Beresford of Alisop xx 

of Thurstan Dale of Hartington xx 

of ffrancis Gilbert of Yoolgrave and George) 
Yeaveley the xxiij"' of June at Haddon ' 



ROYAL AIDS FOR THE COUNTY OF DERBY. 

Itm Received of Willm Knyveton of Bradley 
Esq3 at Derby the xxv'" of June 

of Thomas Saunders of Lullington tlie same 
daye 



S3 



XX 



Iim of S' Henry Trycket Vicar of Marston ... xx 

Itm of George Radford of Cryche the same^ 
daye ... r -"^^ 

Itm of M' Ric Sale parson of Weston super, 
trent [ '^•'^ 

Itm of Richard Grene of Knyveton C Robt | 
Rowland ) ^-"^ 

Itm of Richard Hill of Snelston and John. 
Harrison [ ^-^ 

Itm of Thomas Dutton of Winshull C W" ) 
Whiting of Wallton i 



XX 



Itm of W'" Ryvet and Robt Hardy of Kings- 1 
newton ) 

Itm of Richard ffletcher of Derby xx 

of Thomas Walker of Derby xx 

of Robt Briickhowse of Derby xx 

of Thomas Ilsley of Derby xx 

of the parson of Eonsall xx 

of George Jackson of Asheborne xx 

of Willm and George Gill of Norton xx 



Sm total 990. 

The trewe Coppie of the Tellers accquittance 
for the said money. 



54 ROYAL AIDS FOR THE COUNTY OF DERBY. 

Received by me Richard Stonley Esquire 
one of the foure tellers of her Ma" receipt of] 
the Exchequer of John Manners Esquire 
Collector of the last lone money made to her [ 
Ma"^ in the xxxiij"' yeare of her Raigne ' ,. ^[ 
w"'in the County of Derb. vppon the seuerall i "^ "'J ^ 
dayes insuyng the particular somes following K 
vizt. tertio die Julij 1591 / ccc" — ix° Julij — Ric : 
vj" xxx" / et xix° Nouembris T591 / Ix''. Stonley 
Amountinge in all vnto the some of 

c jx li £ 

ix iiij x (990) of lawfull money of England. 
In Wittnes wherof I haue hereunto subscribed 

my name viz 

Edward Stonley. 
Received : 15 August 1597. 

Derb. ff. The names of them that have lent money 
vppon theire prjvie scales together w"' the 
somes they lent vizt. 

Peter ffretchuille Esquire of Staueley xxx 

Willm and George Gill of Norton yeomen xx 

Leonard Shallcross of Shallcross gent xxv 

xpor Sclater of Barlebrough yom xxv 

Robt Syttwell of Staueley gent xxv 

Aden Beresford of Byrchouer Esq3 xxv 

Wallter Powtrell of Westhallam Esq? xxv 

Willm Knyueton of Bradley Esquire xx 

Thomas Newton of Chaddesden gent xx 

John ffrancis of fformark Esquire xxv 

Hughe Revill of Scarcliffe gent xxx 

Humfrey Dethick of Newall Esq3 xxv 

Henry Merry of Barton gent and Agnis his) 
mother I 



ROYAL AIDS FOR THE COUNTY OF DERBY. 55 

John Bentley of Bredsall gent xx 

John Bullock of Darley Esqj 1 

Anthony Bate of Little Chester xx 

Willm Botham of Derby Draper xxv 

Edward Smyth of Derby Butcher xxv 

Thomas Walker of Derby Butcher xx 

M' John Wallton of Derby Archedecon xx 

Henry Sacheuerell of Morley Esquire xx 

Henry Tryckett Vicar of Marston xx 

Adam Woolley of Rybar yom xxx 

John Harpur of Swarkeston Esqj xxv 

Robt Woollhowse of Glapwell gent xx 

Willm White of Duffield gent xx 

Mary Staley of Redseats widoe xx 

Adam Eyre of Crookhill gent xx 

ffrancis ffitzharbart of Tyssington Esq3 ; Henry | 
Beresford of Allsop lent x" w"' him ' 

Henry VVigley of Middleton gent xxv 

Richanle Greene of Longson gent; Re' t\ 

Rowland of Ithirsey (Hathersage) lent x''l xx 

w"' him ' 

ffrancis Leek of Sutton Esquire 1 

George Radford of Criche yom xx 

Sm — viij XV 
paid into the Exchequor: 13: September 1597. 



56 ROYAL AIDS FOR THE COUNTY OF DERBY. 

The Coppie of the Tellars accquiltance. 
Derb. ff. xiij"' die Septembris Anno xxxix" 

regni R"" Eliz : 1597. 

Received the same daye and yeaie by me 
S^ Edward Carye Knight one of the Tellers 
of her Ma'" excheaquor of John Manners 
Esquire collector of the money lent to her 
Ma"* by pryvie seales in the County of ^ y[\; ^v 
Derby the some of eight hundred fiftene 
pounds of Currant money for her Ma'^ vse 
as parcell of his said collection I say 

received the some of ' 

Edwa : Carye. 

The names of theim that have lent money 
vppon their pryvie seales together w"' the somes 

vizt. 

Received: 26° Octobris 1597: 

of George Sutton of Overhaddon Esquire xx 

of James Abney of Willersley Esqj xxv 

of Wiilm Bradwine of Edellstall Esq? xx 

Received: 29° Octobris 1597: 

of John Rodes of Barlbrough Esq? 

Received: 31° Octobris 1597 : 

of Willm Myllvvard of Eyton Esq? xx 

of Willm Cauendishe of Hardwick Esqj 1 

of Nich5ls Langford of Langford Esq3 xx 

u li 

Sm clxxx'' 

paid into the Exchequer: 26 : November 1597. 

The coppie of the Tellors acquittance xxvj"' 
die Nouember Anno xl™° R"" Eliz : 1597 : 



ROYAL AIDS FOR THE COUNTY OF DERBY. 

Derb. Receiued the same day and yeare by me\ 
S' Edward Carye Knight one of the tellers of 
her Ma'^ Exchequer of John Manners Esq' 
collector of the money lent to her Ma"'' by 
pryvie seales in the County of Derby the 
some of one hundred foure score pounds of 
Currant Englishe Money for her Ma" vse as 
parcell of his said Collection. I saye Rec the 
sum of 

Edwa : Carye. 

Received 20: August 1598. 

of M' Richard Sale parson of Weston super, 
trent f 



57 



clxxx 



58 



A RETROSPECT. 



By the Rev. Francis C. R. Jourdain, M.A., 
Member of the British Ornithologists' Union. 



M 



BRIEF review of some of the changes that have 
taken place of late years in the ornithology of the 
County may not seem out of place at the begin- 
ning of a new century. Derbyshire, like most 
parts of the British Islands, is changing in many of 
its external features, and the natural result is the 
disappearance or diminution of many prominent species and 
the increase of others. To a naturalist, the total disappearance 
of any species is a thing to be deplored ; but, at the same 
time, it is well to recognize the fact that in many cases it is 
inevitable, as when the increase of cultivation necessitates 
the destruction of feeding-grounds. An even more potent 
factor is the ubiquitous gamekeeper, with gun in hand, ready 
to shoot, on sight, any bird which shows the .slightest resem- 
blance to a hawk or attracts attention by its rarity. Our 
keepers are not at present, like the German Foresters, trained 
to discriminate between the useful and noxious birds of prey, 
and many a harmless Buzzard or Kestrel has paid with its 
life for the misdeeds of a felonious cousin. Of late years, 
some attempt has been made, by means of Wild Birds Pro- 
tection Acts, to restrict the indiscriminate slaughter, but, as 
a rule, I regret to say that the Act is practically a dead 



THE ORNITHOLOGY OF DERBYSHIRE. 59 

letter. Here and there one does, it is true, meet with a 
landowner who insists on game-preservation being carried out 
intelligently : or a keeper who spares the Kestrels and Owls 
and reserves his charge for the Sparrow-hawk, but these 
exceptions are few and far between. 

Some idea of the difference between the Derbyshire of a 
hundred years ago and to-day may be gathered from the study 
of the shooting diary of the Rev. Francis Gisborne, of Staveley, 
from 1 76 1 to 1784. This paper was published in the volume 
of the Journal of the D.A. and N.H.S. for 1892, but the 
notes appended are those of an antiquarian rather than an 
ornithologist. 

The great feature of that day was, of course, the presence 
of some of the larger Raptorial Birds. The Golden Eagles 
had gone long before that time ; but the Kite, the Common 
Buzzard, and the Hen Harrier still glided and soared over 
the heaths and waste lands. Pilkington, writing in 1789, 
says: — "Perhaps there is a greater variety of falcons found 
in Derbyshire than in the same extent of countr)" in any 
other part of England." After mentioning as common the 
Kite, Common Buzzard, Kestrel, and Sparrow-hawk, he goes 
on to refer to other and rarer species. Even as late as the 
sixties, Sir Oswald Mosley says that within his recollection 
the Buzzard was so numerous that over twenty might be seen 
on the wing at the same time over Etwall and Egginton 
Heath.s. At the present time the Kite has entirely dis- 
appeared, and the Buzzard only appears as an occasional 
\-isitor, especially on the grouse moors to the North of the 
County. The Merlin, one of the daintiest of the smaller 
hawks, still attempts to breed on the moorlands, and perhaps 
occasionally brings off a brood in the wilder parts ; but 
generally one or both of the parents are trapped at the nest 
and the eggs or young destroyed. The Kestrel and Sparrow- 
hawk manage to hold their own, though in diminished num- 
bers ; but the Hen Harrier, which once bred in some numbers, 
is now a rare \'isitor. 



6o THE ORNITHOLOGY OF DERBYSHIRE. 

The Sea-Eagle was never a resident species with us, 
although many immature birds have visited Derbyshire, but 
the rapid diminution of its numbers in its breeding haunts in 
Scotland and Ireland will probably render such occurrences 
very rare in the future. 

It is interesting to note that Messrs. Coward and Oldham, 
in their recently published work on the " Birds of Cheshire," 
record an instance of the breeding of the Hobby (always a 
rare summer visitor) as late as the year 1894, on the north- 
western border of the county. 

The Short-eared Owl has probably ceased to breed with us, 
although it still occasionally visits us in the autumn ; and though 
the Brown Owl is fairly numerous in our woodlands, the useful 
Barn Owl appears to be getting scarcer, and the Long-eared 
Owl is very local. 

Turning to the Crow tribe, which, equally with the Hawks, 
share the enmity of the gamekeeper, we find that the largest 
of the group, the Ra^'en, has become extinct as a resident, 
though a stray bird still visits us from time to time. Strangely 
enough, one of the last nests ever built in the county still 
exists, although exposed to wind and weather for forty years. 
It has quite a historic interest, for H. Seebohm visited it, 
and mentions it in his work on " British Birds." During the 
spring of 1900, I happened to be at Howden Chest, and was 
surprised to see that the sticks which formed the foundation 
of the nest were still plainly visible from the rock opposite. 
Some part of the overhanging rock had evidently given way 
recently, and the additional exposure to the weather will, no 
doubt, hasten the destruction and decay of what still remains 
of the nest. 

The Magpie, Carrion Crow, and Jay, though common enough 
locally, where game preservation is not strict, are absent from 
many parts of the county, especially if thinly wooded. The 
first two species are easily killed from the nest, but the Jav 
is more difficult to extirpate, and survives even in such game- 



THE ORNITHOLOGY OF DERBYSHIRE. 6 1 

producing counties as Norfolk and Suffolk, where a Magpie 
is as rare as a Peregrine Falcon. 

The disappearance of the Goldfinch is probably the result 
of improved methods of cultivation, though the taking of the 
nest with young for cage purposes has contributed to the 
same end. 

All the foregoing species may be said to have diminished 
in numbers or disappeared from the county, but certain other 
species have increased their range during the latter years of 
the past century. The most remarkable instances are those 
of the Hawfinch, Turtle Dove, Red-legged Partridge, and 
Tufted Duck. It is only within the last century that these 
birds have established themselves as regular breeding 
species in the county. Owing to its extreme shyness and 
caution at the nest, the Hawfinch often rears a brood without 
attracting attention, until the autumn comes, when its visits 
to the rows of peas and cherry trees bring down upon it 
the vengeance of the gardener. In spite of this, its range is 
e\idently increasing, and although not knoMTi to breed in 
England till the days of Hewetson and Doubleday, it is now 
quite a common bird in many parts of England. 

Tiie Turtle Dove has also increased its range to some extent 
northward. A few have always been found in the south of 
the county, but they appear to ha\e worked their way up the 
valley of the Do\e, and though exceedingly local, are numerous 
in one or two places. 

The Red-legged Partridge seems to be establishing itself 
as a resident in S.W. Derbyshire, and more nests were found 
in the summer of 1900 than in any previous year. 

The Tufted Duck is perhaps the most remarkable instance 
of all. Previous to 1850 there is no record of this bird 
having bred in our Islands, but about that time a few pairs 
began to nest in Nottinghamshire, and now the ponds in the 
" Dukeries " may be said to be the headquarters of the species. 
In 1876, a nest was identified in Norfolk, where they have 
since become common, and now Scotland and Ireland have 



62 THE ORNITHOLOGY OF DERBYSHIRE. 

been colonized. As far as I can ascertain, regular breeding 
coimmenced in Derbyshire about 1886 or 1888, and though 
the birds have been too closely shot down to allow of any 
great increase in their numbers, there is a tendency to start 
fresh colonies. A few years' protection of this most useful 
and ornamental bird would result in its establishing itself all 
over the county. 

A regretable feature in reviewing the bird life of Derbyshire 
is the gradual diminution or disappearance of our old- 
established heronries, and the great increase in the number 
of Rooks. The latter, when allowed to increase unchecked, 
are particularly destructive to the eggs of game birds, and 
the attention of the gamekeeper might well be diverted from 
the destruction of such birds as the Owls and Kestrel to keeping 
down the number of Rooks within reasonable limits. On. the 
other hand, the Heron, although a fish-eater, is equally fond 
of rats, frogs, etc., and at the .same time is such an ornament 
to any scenery that it seems a pity that the few we have left 
cannot be left undisturbed. 

In conclusion, I would express a hope that members of the 
Society would contribute to a more exact knowledge of our 
local birds by furnishing exact particulars of any rare bird 
at the time of its observation or capture. For several years 
past I have been accumulating material for a vertebrate Fauna 
of the County, but there still remains much work to be done. 
In cases where a bird has been killed it is desirable to ascer- 
tain the sex, if possible, by dis.section, and to make accurate 
notes on the spot of the place, time, and circumstances under 
which it was ob.tained. I need hardly say that any such 
assistance will be acknowledged by me. With regard to the 
mammals, a fine field is open for research. The Bats of 
the county have never been thoroughly investigated ; the 
Polecat is disappearing ; and the smaller rodents are but little 
known. Our Society has done little in past years to deserve 
the title of a " Natural History " Society ; but, perhaps, now 
that attention has been called to the fact, Derbyshire will 
not prove to be behind the sister counties in possessing keen 
and reliable observers. 



63 



i^ccortfs of tfjc Countj) of Dcvtjp. 

By \V. A. Carrington. 




HE following is a copy of an original Indenture, 
dated 15th April, 1618, in the po.ssession of the 
Duke of Rutland, with schedules annexed, between 
John Stevenson, servant of Sir George Manners, 
of Haddon, late Gustos Rotulorum for the Gounty of Derby, 
of the one part, and William Deane, Glerk of the Peace, 
under Sir WiUiam Gavendish, of Hardwick, then Gustos 
Rotulorum, of the other part, reciting the delivery by the 
said John Stevenson, on behalf of the said Sir George Manners, 
late Gustos Rotulorum, unto the said William Deane, on 
behalf of the said Sir William Gavendish, of all the Gounty 
Records mentioned in the schedules annexed thereto. 

Wm. Deane. 

This Indenture made the xv'*" day of Aprill in the yere 
of the raygne of our soueraigne Lord James by the grace of 
God of England ffrance and Ireland Kinge defender of the 
faith, &c. the sixteene and of Scotland the one and fiftieth 
Betweene John Stevenson servant to S'. George Manners of 
Haddon in the Gounty of Derby Knight late Gustos Rotulorum 
of the said Gounty of the one parte and William Deane 
gentleman Gierke of the peace of the same Gounty vnder 
S.'. William Gavendishe of Hardwicke in the said Gounty of 
Derby Knight now Gustos Rotulorum of the said Gounty of 
the other part Wittneseth that the said John Stevenson by 
the appointment of the said S.'. George Manners hath delivered 



64 RECORDS OF THE COUNTY OF DERBY. 

vnto the said William Deane for and in behalf of the said 
S.'. William Cavendish att and before the ensealinge and 
deliuery of the presents All the Records InroUments wrytings 
escripts and mynuments touchinge and concerninge the Sessions 
of the peace and office of Gustos Rotulorum which are men- 
tioned and expressed in the Schedules hereunto annexed And 
also that the said William Deane hath receyved of the said 
John Stevenson All the said Records InroUments \vr}-tings and 
mynuments touchinge the said office and Sessions of the peace 
expressed and entred in the seuerall Schedules herevnto 
annexed as aforesaid. In wittnes whereof the said partyes to 
these presents have interchangeably hereunto put their hands 
and seales the day and yeere first above written. 1618 

Wm. Deane. 

Endorsed : — 

Sealed and deliuered in the jisence of 
John Rowlandson 
W'." Gregsoun 
Geo : Daken 
William Deane, Jun^ 

A Schedule Indented Contayninge the Indictments recogni- 
zances and other Records of the Sessions of y" peace for 
the County of Darbie as followeth : 

ffowerteene Bundells of wrytinges contayninge the Indictments 
and other Records and matters handled at all the generall 
Sessions of the peace houlden at Darbie in the ffirst ffower- 
teene yeares of the Raigne of our dread soueraigne I>ord 
Kinge James of England, &r. 

One Bundle Contayninge the Records of one generall 
Sessions houlden at Easter in the xv"" yeare of his ma"''" raigne. 

fforty three Bundles of Records and other wrytinges, con- 
tayninge all the matters handled at all the generall Sessions 
of the peace houlden at Darl^e in fforty three yeares of the 
raigne of the late Queene Elizabeth begining with y*" second 
year of her raigne. 



RECORDS OF THE COUNTY OF DERBY. 65 

One Bundle contayninge the Records of the generall Sessions 
of the peace houlden at Darbie on Tuesday after the feast of 
Epiphanie in fforty fiueth yeare of the raigne of the said 
Queene. 

One great Paper booke begininge at Epiph : in the 44** of 
Elizabeth ; and ended at Easter in the fifteenth yeare of 
James, of England, &c. wherein are entered diuers Records 
of the generall Sessions houlden duringe that tyme. 

One other Paper booke contayning like matters begininge at 
Easter in the seventh Edward the vj"' and ended at Epiphanie 
in the fifth yeare of Elizabeth. 

One other like Paper Booke begining at S' Margret in the 
first yeare of Elizabeth and ended at Epiphanie in the fifth 
yeare of Elizabeth. 

One Bundle of wrAtinges Contayning the Records of escripts 
and other matters of diuers speatiall and private Sessions of 
the peace, and also of seuerall Gaole Deliueries. 

One Bundle contayninge presentmentes of Recusantes, and 
diuers Certificates of the names of such as hadd taken then 
the oath of Aligiance. 

Three seuerall Rowles of Parchmentes containinge the Rates 
of servantes wages. 

One Bundle concerninge the Extracts of seuerall Sessions. 

ffower great Bundles of writinges containing Recognizances, 
and seuerall other matters concerninge alehouse keepers, made 
in the yeares of the Raignes of our soueraigne Lord Kinge 
James, And of the late Queene Elizabeth, Kinge Phillip, and 
Queene Marye, and also of Kinge Edward the sixt. 

ffower Bundles Containinge sixty-ffiue seuerall Commissions 
of the Peace. 

One Bundle Containinge diuers presentmentes, notes, and 
other lost pages concerninge Session business. 

Md. that within diuers bundles of the Records of the 
generall Sessions of the peace are included Certaine writinges 
concerninge Goale deliueries. 

\V"] Deane 
5 



66 RECORDS OF THE COUNTY OF DERBY. 

A Briefe contayned in these Schedules of all the Inden- 
tures and Deedes inrolled comprehended in three Rolles of 
parchment and one paper booke being in number 174 as 
herafter follovveth, vigt : 

1 One Indenture made between Anthony Kirkham of 

Steynson in the County of Derby, yeoman, of the one 
part, and Richard ffoster of Tvviford in the said county, 
yeoman, of the other part. Dated 5 September, 14 
Jac. I. 

2 An other Indenture between Anthony Kirkham, yeoman, 

and Richard ffoster, yeoman. Dated 24"' August, 14 
Jac. I. 

3 Robert Wood, yeoman, and others, and Robert Allen, 

and others. Dated 2^ October, 14 Jac i. 

4 William Knyveton, baronet, and Gilbert Knyveton, knight, 

Dated 26"' March, 14 Jac i. 

5 Robert Baynbridge, Esq:, and Henry Harpur, Esq: 

Dated 16"' January, 12 Jac i. 

6 John Whey ( ?), husbandman, and Edward Beyley, 

husbandman. Dated 9 January, 12 Jac i. 

7 Robert Bowley, gent : , and Hugh Rattcliffe, yeoman. 

Dated i^' July, 14 Jac i. 

8 Peter Radford, hu.sbandman, and Edward Crofts, yeoman. 

Dated lo"" January, 12 Jac i. 

9 William Smythe, yeoman, and Thomas AUestree, yeoman. 

Dated 15 December, 12 Jac. i. 

10 Robert Baynbrig, Esq:, and others, and John Harpur, 

Esq: Dated i'' November, 12 Jac i. 

1 1 Godfrey Heathcote, brasier, and others, and William 

Boote, Mayor. Dated 15"' October, 12 Jac i. 

12 Thomas GLsbome, nayler, and Thomas Brownell, husband- 

man. Dated 16"' July, 12 Jac. i. 

13 Walter fferrers. Esq:, and others, and Thomas Gerrard, 

Knight, and Baronet. Dated 1 1"' November, ii"' Jac. i. 

14 Thomas Aspinall, gent:, and Henry ffisher, baker. 

Dated 20"' August, 11 Jac. i. 



RECORDS OF THE COUNTY OF DERBY. 6^ 

15 George Mower, tanner, and Richard Badman, yeoman. 

Dated i" June, 11 Jac. i. 

16 George Mower, tanner, and Robert Bateman, yeoman. 

Dated i" June, 11 Jac. i. 

17 Thomas Allsopp, gent:, and others, and James Chapman, 

husbandman. Dated 22*^ ,10 Jac. i. 

18 Thomas Allsopp, gent, and others, and George Stubbinge, 

yeoman. Dated 22** ,10 Jac. i. 

19 William Tomlinson, yeoman, and William Harries, 

yeoman. Dated S'*" January, 10 Jac. i. 

20 Walter fferrers. Esq : , and others, and Thomas Gerrard, 

Knight, and Baronet. Dated 2^ January, 10 Jac. i. 

21 Robert Taborrer, yeoman, and Thomas Taborrer, baker. 

Dated 8"" October, 10 Jac. i. 

22 Laurence Wright, gent, and others, and Juhitan (?) 

Ashbornie. Dated 13"' January, it Jac. i. 

23 Thomas Bagshaw, gent., and Peter Kirke, blacksmithe. 

Dated 7"" July, 10 Jac. i. 

24 Thomas Winfield, draper, and ffrancis Goodw7ne, glover, 

and others. Dated iS"' April, 10 Jac. 1. 

25 German Ireton, Esq : and Edward Sleigh, gent. Dated 

iS"- April, 12 Jac. i. 

26 Richard Eyre, gent., and Robert Ryley, husbandman. 

Dated 25"" ffebruary, 8 Jac. i. 

27 ffrancis Needham, Esq:, and others, and Anthony 

Hopkinson, yeoman, and others. Dated 2'' October, 
8 Jac. I. 

28 ffrancis Needham, Esq : , and others, and Rowland Higget, 

blacksmith. Dated 2"^ October, 8 Jac. i. 

29 Henry Gee, yeoman, and Thomas Wigley, gent : Dated 

12"" July, 8 Jac i. 

30 George Gresley, Esq : , and Symon Jasson, gent., and 

others. Dated i" August, 8 Jac. i. 

31 William Hill, yeoman, and others, and Lady Sara 

Hastings, widow. Dated 5"' July, 8 Jac. i. 



68. RECORDS OF THE COUNTY OF DERBY. 

32 Edward Pyme, yeoman, and others, and John Munday, 

Esq: Dated i^' May, 8 Jac. i. 

33 John BuUocke, Esq:, and Gilbert, Earl of Shrewsbury. 

Dated 30"' September, 7 Jac. i. 

34 George Strelley, Esq:, ajid others, and George Peckham, 

Esq : Dated 22'' January, 6 Jac. i. 

35 William Stone, baker, and ffrancis Brunt, yeoman. Dated 

19"* December, 6 Jac. i. 

36 William ffowler, yeoman, and Thomas ffowler, tanner, 

and others. Dated 6"" December, 7 Jac. i. 

37 Edward Alton, yeoman, and Robert Mellor, yeoman. 

Dated 19"' August, 7 Jac. i. 

38 William Bacon, yeoman, and George Hodgkinson, yeoman. 

Dated 25"' September, 7 Jac. i. 

39 John fferrers. Knight, and William Parker, gent : Dated 

1^' August, 7 Jac. I. 

40 John Bullocke, Esq : , and Richard Hanson, carpenter. 

Dated 7"' August, 7 Jac. i. 

41 Robert Baynbrigg, Esq:, and Henry Sacheverell, Esq: 

Dated 19"' July, 7 Jac. i. 

42 Thomas Levinge, gent., and William Parker, gent. Dated 

1" May, 7 Jac. i. 

43 Philip Stanhopp, Knight, and Ann Gilbert, widaw. 

Dated 20"' March, 6 Jac. i. 

44 Zouch Dale, yeoman, and John Clarke, tanner. Dated 

3"^ March, 6 Jac. i. 

45 William Bradshawe, butcher, and other, and Thomas 

Knyveton, chandler. Dated 9"' ffebruary, 6 Jac. i. 

46 William Bradshawe, butcher, and others, and Humphrey 

Robbinson ats. Randall, yeoman. Dated 9"' ffebruary, 
6 Jac. I. 

47 William Wombwell, merchant, and Samuel Parker, baker, 

and others. Dated 12"' ffebruary, 6 Jac. i. 

48 Richard Dale, Citizen of London, and John Lord, gent., 

and others. Dated 25"' January, 6 Jac. i. 



RECORDS OF THE COUNTY OF DERBY. 69 

49 Thomas Charlton, yeoman, and others, and Elizabeth 

Harpur, wife of John Harpur, Knight. Dated 20"' 
December, 6 Jac. i. 

50 John Harpur, Knight, and Henry Wigley, gent., and 

others. Dated 2'' November, 6 Jac. i. 

51 Thomas Bagshaw, gent., and Thomas Kirke, yeoman. 

Dated 20'" July, 6 Jac. i. 

52 Thomas Bagshaw, gent., and Miles Bennet, yeoman. 

Dated 20"' July, 6 Jac. i. 

53 Thomas Bagshaw, gent., and John Bennet. Dated 20"' 

July, 6 Jac. i. 

54 Thomas Bagshaw, gent., and Thomas Bennet, yeoman. 

Dated 19"' July, 6 Jac. i. 

55 Thomas Bagshaw, gent., and George Lowe, yeoman. 

Dated 20"' July, 6 Jac. i. 

56 Thomas Bagshaw, gent., and Robert Carrington, yeom. 

Dated 20"' July, 6 Jac. i. 

57 Thomas Bagshaw, gent., and Charles Kirke, yeoman. 

Dated 20"" July, 6 Jac. i. 

58 Thomas Bagshaw, gent., and William Padfield, yeoman. 

Dated 20"' July, 6 Jac. i. 

59 One Deed made by Robert Newton, gent., unto John 

Shyrley. Dated 20"' August, 6 Jac. i. 

60 Thomas Bagshaw, gent., and John Hadfield, yeoman. 

Dated i" March, 5 Jac. i. 

61 Thomas Bagshaw, gent:, and John Carrington, yeoman. 

Dated 26'*' ffebruary, 5 Jac. i. 

62 Thomas Bagshaw, gent., and William Dewsnopp, yeoman. 

Dated 26"" ffebruary, 5 Jac. 1. 

63 Thomas Bagshaw, gent:, and Nicholas Booth, yeoman, 

and others. Dated 26"" ffebruary, 5 Jac. i. 

64 Thomas Bagshaw, gent : , and Thomas Barber, yeoman. 

Dated 26"' ffebruary, 5 Jac. i. 

65 Thomas Bagshaw, gent : , and John Bower (Bore ?), 

yeoman. Dated 26"' ffebruary, 5 Jac. i. 



70 RECORDS OF THE COUNTY OF DERBY. 

66 Thomas Bagshaw, gent : , and Thomas Gee, yeoman. 

Dated 29"" June, 6 Jac. 1. 

67 Thomas Bagshaw, gent:, and William Bower (Bore?) 

yeoman. Dated 26"" fifebruary, 5 Jac. i. 

68 Thomas Bagshaw, gent : , and Nicholas Challesworth, 

yeoman. Dated 26"" ffebruary, 5 Jac. i. 

69 Thomas Bagshaw, gent : , and Nicholas Hadfield, yeoman. 

Dated 26"" ffebruary, 5 Jac. i. 

70 Thomas Bagshaw, gent : , and George Wood, yeoman. 

Dated 26"' ffebruary, 5 Jac. i. 

71 Thomas Bagshaw, gent:, and Edward Creswell, yeoman. 

Dated 26"' ffebruary, 5 Jac. i. 

72 Thomas Bagshaw, gent:, and Anthony Creswell, yeoman. 

Dated 26'" ffebruary, 5 Jac. i. 

73 Thomas Bagshaw, gent:, and Robert Bromhall, yeoman. 

Dated 20'" July, 6 Jac. i. 

74 Thomas Bagshaw, gent:, and William Wagstaff. Dated 

20"" July, 6 Jac. i. 

75 Thomas Bagshaw, gent:, and Thomas Smith, yeoman. 

Dated 20'" July, 6 Jac. i. 

76 Thomas Bagshaw, gent:, and George Garlicke, yeoman. 

Dated 20"" July, 6 Jac. i. 

77 German Ireton, Esq:, and Humphrey Vicars, yeoman, 

and others. Dated 14"* May, 6 Jac. i. 

78 Robert Newton, gent:, and Robert Wyllymote, yeoman. 

Dated 19"" March, 5 Jac. i. 

79 James Campion, tanner, and William Bradshaw, and 

others. Dated 27'" ffebruary, 5 Jac. i. 

80 Richard Lyster, gent : , and Nicholas Smyth, yeoman. 

Dated 12"' November, 5 Jac. i. 

81 Thomas Walker and Edward Walker, and others. Dated 

1" July. 5 Jac. I. 

82 One Deed made by John Marryott to Thomas Marrjott. 

Dated 4"' September, 5 Jac. i. 

83 Anthony Dillon, Esq:, and Michael Ovyns, gent:, and 

otliers. Dated lo"" June, 5 Jac. i. 



I 



RECORDS OF THE COUNTY OF DERBY. 71 

<S4 George Bradbury, husbandman, and John Malton, yeoman. 
Dated 14"" March, 4 Jao. i. 

85 John Asteley, yeoman, and Walter Horton, Esq. Dated 

29'" December, 4 Jac. i. 

86 John Steere, yeoman, and George Busswell, and others. 

Dated lo"' September, 4 Jac. i. 

87 Robert Baynbrigge, Esq:, and Richard Walker, tyle- 

maker. Dated 27'" October, 4 Jac. i. 

88 William Mower, yeoman, and George Beresford, gent: 

Dated 10"" January, 4 Jac. i. 

89 Anthony Strelley, of the first part, Gervase Strelley, of 

the second part, and Thomas More and others, of the 
third part. Dated 31=' October, 4 Jac. i. 

90 Nicholas Longford, Esq:, and others, and Edward Poole, 

gent :, and others. Dated 20'" July, 4 Jac. i. 

91 Henry Willson, and Rowland Eyre, gent: Dated 15' 

4 Jac. r. 

92 Walter Hastings, Esq:, and others, and George Gresley, 

and others Dated 10'" April, 4 Jac. i. 

93 George Raworth, yeoman, and Richard Corbett, Knight, 

and otliers. Daled 2" December, 3 Jac. i. 

94 George Parker, yeoman, and John Urton, als. Stephen 

Dated 4"> July, 3 Jac. i. 

95 Rowland Eyre, gent:, and Thomas Eyre, gent ■ Dated 

8'" March, 2 Jac. i. 

96 Edward Cockayne, Knight, and Baptist Trott, gent : 

Dated 6'" November, i Jac. i. 

97 Thomas Bagshaw, gent:, and others, and Edward 

Cockayne, Knight. Dated i^' November, i Jac. r. 

98 Richard Harpur, Esq:, and others, and John Brownlow 

gent: Dated 30'- September, i Jac. i. 

99 Richard Harpur, Esq:, and others, and John Steere, 

yeoman. Dated 30'" September, i Jac. i. 
100 Richard Harpur, Esq:, and others, and William Sale.s, 
Merchant Tailor. Dated 20 September, i Jac. i. ' 



72 RECORDS OF THE COUNTY OF DERBY. 

loi Edmund Sleigh, Merchant, and others, and Edward Smith, 
yeoman, and otliers. Dated lo'*" ffebruary, 44 EHzabeth. 

102 Robert Baynbrigg, gent : , and Richard Sale, Clerk. Dated 

16"' July, 44 Elizabeth. 

103 William Werden, yeoman, and others, and Christopher 

Cundy, weaver. Dated 8"' June, 44 Elizabeth. 

104 ffrancis ffullwood, gent:, and others, and George ffuU- 

wood, Esq: Dated is"" April, 44 Elizabeth. 

105 John Peryns, gent:, and Rowland Eyre, gent:, and others. 

Dated 17'" March, 44 Elizabeth. 

106 George Newbould, yeoman, and Philip Gill, yeoman. 

Dated 14"' March, 44 Elizabeth. 

107 Robert Allen, yeoman, and Rowland Eyre, gent : , and 

others. Dated 5"" October, 43 Elizabeth. 

108 Elizabeth Gerrard, widow, and Richard Harpur, gent : 

Dated 19"' October, 43 Elizabeth. 

109 ffrancis ffullwood, gent:, and ffrancis Cooke, Esq:, and 

others. Dated 25"" July, 43 Elizabeth. 

110 Henry Wigley, and others, and Henry Wigley, gent:, and 

otliers. Dated 10"' January, 43 Elizabeth. 

111 Henry Wigley, and others, and Edward Mellor, and others. 

Dated 27"' March, 43 Elizabeth. 

112 Henry Wigley, gent:, and others, and Thomas Taylor, 

yeoman. 18"' March, 43 Elizabeth. 

113 Henry Wigley, gent:, and others, and Christopher Pegg, 

and others. Dated 10"' January, 43 El'zabeth. 

114 Henry Wigley, gent:, and others, and George Somers. 

Dated 10"' January, 43 Elizabeth. 

115 Anthony Smalley, gent:, and George Smalley. Dated 

5"" May, 43 Elizabeth. 

116 Robert Baynbrigg, Esq:, and Christopher Ludlow, 

surgeon. Dated i*' September, 42 Elizabeth. 

117 Edward Cockayne et Baptist Trott, gent: Dated 20"" 

December, 43 Elizabeth. 

118 Robert Glossopp, gent:, and others, and Robert Bate, 

Citizen of London. Dated 26"* October, 42 Elizabeth. 



RECORDS OF THE COUNTY OF DERBY. 73 

119 Henry Wigley, gent:, and George Wigley and Ralph 

Wigley. Dated 24"' September, 42 Elizabeth. 

120 Thomas Smith, and others, and Gervase Sleigh, Merchant. 

Dated 26"* July, 42 Elizabeth. 

121 John Harrison, yeoman, and Robert Rowe, Citizen of 

London. Dated 3'' August, 42 Elizabeth. 

122 William Litton, gent : , and Adam Slacke (Clarke?) yeoman. 

Dated 7"' July, 42 Elizabeth. 

123 Robert Allen, yeoman, and Rowland Eyre, gent: Dated 

23'' March, 42 Elizabeth. 

124 John Palmer, gent:, and Henry Myllward, yeoman. 

Dated 16'" May, 42 Elizabeth. 

125 Henry Calton, yeoman, and Adam Wolley, gent: Dated 

i" April, 42 Elizabeth. 

126 Thomas Sacheverell, Merchant, and Thomas ffisher. 

Merchant. Dated 26"" October, 42 Elizabeth. 

127 Peter Bate, gent:, and Thomas Hollingworth, yeoman, 

and others. Dated 30"' August, 41 Elizabeth. 

128 Humphrey Chadvvicke, yeoman, and William ffawne, 

yeoman. Dated 18"' August, 41 Elizabeth. 

129 ffrancis Cooke, Esq., and William Fowler, yeoman. 

Dated 19"" March, 41 Elizabeth. 

130 Anthony Fitzherbert, gent:, and Robert Gargreave, gent: 

Dated i"' July, 41 Elizabeth. 

131 Robert Harries, yeoman, and Anthony Fitzherbert, gent: 

Dated 20"' July, 41 Elizabeth. 

132 Roger Goodwyn, gent., and James Colepepper, gent. : 

Dated 23"^ October, 40 Elizabeth. 

133 Gilbert Ratcliffe, gent:, and Thomas Bagshaw, gent.: 

Dated 4"' May, 40 Elizabeth. 

134 Henry Poole, gent:, and Edward Poole, gent: Dated 

28"^ April, 40 Elizabeth. 

135 German Poole, gent:, and Edward Poole, gent: Dated 

28'" April, 40 Elizabeth. 



74 RECORDS OF THE COUNTY OF DERBY. 

136 Edward Poole, gent:, and Edward Poole, gent.: Dated 

25"' April, 40 Elizabeth. 

137 Henry Hunlocke, gent:, and Edward Cocke, gent: Dated 

2^ April, 40 Elizabeth. 

138 WiUiam Ireton, Esq:, and John Cholmeley, gent: Dated 

3'* May, 39 Elizabeth. 

139 Robert Roper, gent:, and others, and Roger Goodwyn, 

gent : Dated 18"' July, 39 Elizabeth. 

140 Rowland Eyre, Esq:, and Michael Eyre, gent: Dated 

26'" January, 39 Elizabeth. 

141 Gervase Eyre, gent:, and Thomas Eyre, gent: Dated 

16'" September, 38 Elizabeth. 

142 Marmaduke Tirwitt, Esq:, and others, and Rowland Eyre, 

gent. : Dated 10"' September, 37 Elizabeth. 

143 Richard Blackwall, yeoman, and Henry Smith, and others. 

Dated 31" March, 36 Elizabeth. 

144 Richard Kirkland, yeoman, and others, and Edward Pyme, 

yeoman. Dated 28''' March, 36 Elizabeth. 

145 Ann Crane, and William Whittakers, yeoman. Dated 

28'" June, 35 Elizabeth. 

146 Thomas Eyre, gent:, and Edward Moore, yeoman: 

Dated 5"' June, 33 Elizabeth. 

147 Thomas Bawden, Clerk, and others, and George Bawden, 

and others. Dated i''' January, 32 Elizabeth. 

148 George Hyde, yeoman, and Aden Berisford, Esq: 

Dated 18"' September, 31 Elizabeth. 

149 Ffrancis Babington, Esq:, and George, Earl of Shrews- 

bury. Dated 14"' July, 31 Elizabeth. 

150 Reginald Knyveton, gent:, and Charles Agard, gent: 

Dated 18"' December, 31 Elizabeth. 

151 Henry ffuliambe, Esq:, and Ralph Wigley, yeoman, and 

others. Dated 13"" August, 30 Elizabeth. 

152 William Selyocke, gent:, and William Dickenson, yeoman. 

Dated 28"' June, 29 Elizabeth. 



RECORDS OF THE COUNTY OF DERBY. 75 

153 John Savage, gent:, and Thomas Knyveton, gent: 

Dated i" May, 27 Elizabeth. 

154 Michael Turner, and Robert Baypbrigg, gent: Dated 

3'' September, 27 Elizabeth. 

155 Thomas ffitche ats ffuche, gent:, and Edward Burnell, 

gent: Dated 20"' March, 27 Elizabeth. 

156 William Beard, gent:, and ffrancis Leeke, Esq: Dated 

ii"" December, 26 EHzabeth. 

157 Nicholas Langford, Esq:, and John Bullock, Esq: 

Dated i^' January, 24 Elizabeth. 

158 Robert Haslam, and others, and William Cavendish, 

Esq : Dated 26'" March, 22 Elizabeth. 

159 Edward Bentley, gent:, and Robert Whitehall, gent: 

Dated i" July, 21 Elizabeth. 

160 Robert Whitehall, gent:, and Edward Bentley, gent: 

Dated i'' July, 21 Elizabeth. 

161 One deede made by William Baynbrigg, gent:, unto 

Clement Leaper. Dated i" December, 21 Elizabeth. 

162 George, Earl of Shrewsbury, and ffrancis Leeke, Knt ; 

Dated 22'' December, 21 Elizabeth. 

163 Edward Bland, and others, and Roger Columbell, Esq : 

Dated 13'" May, 20 Elizabeth. 

164 One Deede made by John Harpur, Esq:, unto Richard 

Coke, gent: Dated 16"' ffebruary, 20 Elizabeth. 

165 Henry Poole, Esq:, and William Basset, Esq: Dated 

30"' October, 19 Elizabeth. 

166 Edmimd Semper, and others, and Thomas Gerrard, Knt : 

Dated 3'' January, 19 Elizabeth. 

167 Henry Cavendish, Esq:, and George Walker, and others. 

Dated 1" October, 18 Elizabeth. 

168 Nicholas Langford, Esq:, and ffrancis Leeke, Knt: 

Dated 3'' January, 18 Elizabeth. 

169 Henry Sacheverell, Esq:, and "William More, gent:, and 

others. Dated 11"' September, 18 Elizabeth. 

170 George, Earl of Shrewsbury, and others, and Rowland 

Eyre, gent: Dated 24"" January, 17 Elizabeth. 



,6 RECORDS OF THE COUNTY OF DERBY. 

nn.l rxoser Columbell: Dated 
171 John Manners, Esq:, and Ko^e 

,. October, n El--beth 
X72 Thomas Mellor, yeoman, and Robe 
'' Dated 8'^ December, x. ^h-b^^^^ ^ ^,„, 33,,,, 
,73 John ffretwell, and others, and John Savage, Knt. 

3^ April, xo Ehzabeth. ^^^ ^^^^^^ 

X74 Marmaduke Babington, and Wilham ^a 
j-<ii May, 20 Elizabeth. 



•W". Deane. 



77 



m)t Host iHanov of ^esUsfovtie. 



By Benjamin Bryan. 






HERE has probably been no more scholarly historians 

of Derbyshire than the Lysons, and none who had 

at disposal more original sources of information, 

and yet when the volume on Derbyshire in the 

" Magna Britannia " was written, on coming tO' deal with 

Mestesforde — now Matlock- — they said the site of it was not 

now certainly known. 

It is superfluous to say that a manor could not be substan- 
tially lost — the land of which it was composed must remain ; 
therefore it could only be the title of the manor which had been 
lost or changed. The parish of Matlock, which stands on the 
site of Mestesforde, is an interesting piece of territory, not 
alone because, as the late Mr. William Adam so aptly termed it, 
it is " The Gem of the Peak," but also because it was in this 
parish that was settled for generations the interesting family 
which gave to the county Mr. Adam Wolley, the man who 
collected and left such a priceless legacy of manuscripts in 
elucidation of its history as is now deposited in the British 
Museum. From an antiquarian point of view, the Manor and 
Parish of Matlock must also be regarded as interesting, because 
since the time of the Domesday Survey their name has been 
changed, the old designation .having disappeared so mysteriously, 
and so far so ine.xplicably, as to create a definite and attractive 
archaeological problem for solution. 



70 THE LOST MANOR OF MESTESFORDE. 

To begin at the beginning. The official translation of the 
record in Domesday as to this manor is as follows : — 

" In Mestesforde King Edward had two carucates of land 

without geld. It is waste. There are eight acres of 

meadow and a lead work. Wood, pasturable in places, 

three miles long and two' wide. Adjoining this manor 

lie these berewites : Meslach, Sinitretone, Wodnesleie, 

Bunteshale, Ibeholon, Teneslege. In these are seven 

carucates of land paying geld. Land for seven ploughs. 

There, eleven villeins and twelve boors have six ploughs 

and twenty-two acres of meadow. Wood, pasturable, 

two miles long and one mile wide. Underwood as 

much." 

As to the origin of the name of Mestesforde, the Rev. Dr. 

Cox, in his CJiurches of Derbyshire, Vol. II., page 517, quotes 

the following note from LI. Jewitt's extension and translation 

of the Domesday Book of Derbyshire (187 1) : — 

" Mestesforde, or Nestesforde, I believe to have been near 

what is now called Matlock Bridge, which was formerly 

a ford. ' Nestes,' ' Nestus,' or ' Nesterside,' are names 

of the mountain now known as the ' Heights of Abraham,' 

on which is situated the Nestor Mine (now called the 

Rutland Cavern), which is undoubtedly a Roman mine, 

and was probably the one alluded to in the Domesday 

Book as ' one lead work.' The little village at the foot 

of the hill has always been known by the name of Nestes 

or Nestus."* 

There is a note to much the same purport in Adam's 

Gem of ike Peak (1838), though that of Jewitt is fuller, and for 

a time I regarded the late Mr. William Adam, of Matlock 

Bath, as the author of the idea it contains. Further search, 

however, has convinced me that this was a misapprehension, 

* What village is here referred to it is difficult to say, as that at the 
foot of the south side of the hill, the side on which the Rutland Cavern is 
situate, never bore any recorded name but Matlock Bath. On the north, 
east side of the hill there is no great mine. 



i 



THE LOST MANOR OF MESTESFORDE. 79 

for, in Lysons' book, which bears the date of 1817, it is stated 
that Mestesforde " is supposed to have been at a place now 
called Nestes or Nestus, a little mining village at the foot of 
a high hill on the north side of the old bath"; i.e., Masson. 
But even Lysons' book was not the first to promulgate the idea, 
for in Davies' History of Derbyshire (1811) there is the state- 
ment that although Mestesforde " was the head of the manor 
in the time of the Conqueror, it is not now known," and that 
" there is a hill near Matlock Bath called Nestes, which was 
formerly celebrated for having several rich lead mines upon it, 
from whence it is supposed there was a ford across the river 
Derwent, which was at the foot of the hill, which ford, or the 
houses of the miners — which were built near it — probably gave 
the name to the Manor of Metesforde or Netesforde."* 

Step by step, the supposition about the word Nestus has 
been converted into an assumed fact. It is true that there is 
a mine on the south side of Masson Hill, the name of which 
is given as ' Nester's " or " Nestus " mine,t and which, during 
living memory, has been known as the Rutland Cavern, but 
Matlock Bridge, where there might have been, and probably 
was, in ancient times, a ford, which furnished the second half 
of the name of Mestesforde, is on the east side of Masson 
Hill, and a distance of a mile away. Further, if we were to 
accept the view of Messrs. Jewitt, Adam, Lysons, and Davies, 
there would still be the difficulty of the difference between the 
initial letters of Nester's and Mestesforde to be overcome. On the 
wtiole, I am inclined to the view that the name " Mestesforde " 
originated from the fact that the first part of the place name, 
that is Mestes, was originally applied to a restricted locality 
about the ford at Matlock Bridge on the west side of the river. 

At the time of the Domesday Sur\'ey, Mestesforde was a 
self-contained manor, with si.\ berewicks, one of them called 
Meslach. The time occupied in the compilation of that great 
national record is usually designated as from 1080 to 1086. 

* The name as written in Domesday is clearly Mestesforde. 
t See Farey's Derbyshire., Vol. I., pp. 263-4. 



8o THE LOST MANOR OF MESTESFORDE. 

According to the Rev. Dr. Cox,* there were a church and 
rectory at Matlock in 1291, but he had reason tO' believe that 
the church had then existed for some time. 

It is proposed now to show that the present boundaries of 
Matlock are coterminous with those of Mestesforde, and its 
berewick of Meslach, which, since the change of name, has 
disappeared. Taking the Ordnance plan, and beginning on 
the north-east, we have — 

I. Ashover. 

2 Tansley (in Crich). 

3. Dethick and Lea. 

Here comes the river Derwent, which, for some 
distance forms the southern boundary. South-west 
of this is 

4. Cromford. 

Ascending, still on the west, to the north of Crom- 
ford, is 

5. Bonsall, 

which the boundary leaves to the west, going north 
over Masson Hill, and passing 

6. Wensley and Snitterton (now one parish). 

Crossing the valley of the Derwent and the river 
itself, the line rOns to 

7. Farley (then, as now, part of Darley) and 

8. Darley. 

Across Darley and Matlock moors it runs, north 
inclining to the east, till we come back to the 
place from whence we started, namely, the boundary 
of Ashover, at Canada Nursery. 
In the Domesday Book we have all these places outside the 
boundaries of Mestesforde and its berewick Meslach, thus — 

1. Essovre, 

which belonged to Ralph Fitzhubert. 

2. Teneslege (then, as now, in Crich), but a berewick 

of Mestesforde (i.) 
* Churches of Derbyshire, '^oX. II., p. 517. 



THE LOST MANOR OF MESTESFORDE. 01 

3. (Dethick and) Lede, 

as parts of Ashover, the former undistinguished by 
the present title, but the latter identified as the 
Lea of to-day. 

4. Crumforde, 

A berewick of Wirksworth. 

5. Bunteshale (Bonsall), 

a berewick of Mestesforde (ii.) 

6. Sinitretone, Wodnesleie. 
Berevvicks of Mestesforde (iii. and iv.) 

7. Farleie, 

now, as then, part of Darley. 

8. Dereleie (Darley Dale). 

The boundaries of Matlock at the present day and of 
Mestesforde (with Meslach) at the time of Domesday, have 
thus been traced and shown to be synonymous. But only four 
of the six berewicks have been accounted for. The fifth 
berewick was Ibeholon, easily identified as Ible, beyond Bonsall 
on the west ; and the sixth, most important of all, was Meslach ; 
most important of all because it seems beyond question that it 
was this sixth berewick that provided the foundation of the 
name under which the manor and parish have, since, at least, 
the thirteenth century, been known. 

My hypothesis as to the change of name is this : The 
boundaries of parishes, as is well known, were, wherever possible, 
marked by watercourses. It might, therefore, well have been 
the case that the berewick of Meslach (which seems to have 
disappeared at the time of tlie adoption of the name Matlock 
for the manor and parish) was bounded by the watercourse 
known as Bentley Brook, which comes down from Tansley, by 
the corn mill, across the Green, past Knowlestone Place, below 
the rock on the north side of the church, and into the Derwent. 
As the name of Mestesforde, as I assume, was local to the cross- 
ing about Matlock Bridge, the berewick of Meslach might have 
comprised the whole of the present parish to tlie east of the 



82 THE LOST MANOR OF MESTESFORDE. 

Derwent and the south of Bentley Brook. Thus Riber, Stark- 
holmes, and Willersley — the latter subsequently erected into 
a separate manor — all local names of circumscribed areas, 
names which have come into being since the date of Domesday, 
or were then unrecorded, might well have been included in the 
berewick of Meslach. 

The Church having been built where it is — that is in Meslach 
— that name would be appropriately given to it, and conse- 
quently to the parish allotted to it, and that is the parish 
which, with the manor, has come down to modern times. 

My suggestion, then, is, that the name of Mestesforde was, 
if not purely local to the ford about the site of the present 
Matlock Bridge, at best limited to the parts of the manor 
on the west side of the river Derwent and to the north and 
west of Bentley Brook. The bridge having been erected — per- 
haps about the same time as the church — and the ford abolished, 
the old name was no longer appropriate, and Meslach, altered 
to the more euphonious Matlock, became the name of the 
whole parish and manor. Thus, the manor of Mestesforde is 
not lost, but still exists within the parish of Matlock. 



83 



^roceetrtngs tafecu m ffiSHmstcv (JEljurdj 
rcsavtrins ti)t Consangumttg of tijc 
parties to tf)t Utarrtage of tUjo of tf^t 
Staffoi:tr3 of iggam. mtti tiatctJ 1308. 



Contributed by Chari.es E. B. Bowles. 




I HE Staffords were influential landowners in Eyam a 
a very early period (see Rdiguarx, Vol. II., p. 222, 
for their pedigree). Among the " Wooley Charters " 
in the British Museum is a Grant, undated, but about 
A.D. 1200, from Eustace de Morteyne, Lord of Eyam, to' Richard 
de Stafford, of land situated in Eyam, " tO' be held by him and 
his heirs of me and my heirs by hereditary right for the Free 
Service of finding one Lamp burning before the Altar of St. 
Helen in the Church at Eyam throughout the year, during 
Divine Service " (vij 38). Humphry Stafford, the last of the 
family, died about 1550, leaving his immense possessions 
between his four daughters, one of whom married, in 1555, 
Francis, son and heir of Godfry Bradshaw, of Bradshaw, when 
a lad of ten. Through him has been transmitted to the writer 
of this article, among many other Stafford MSS., an interesting 
document in Latin, of which the following, slightly abridged, 
is a translation : — 

The Production of Evidence on behalf of Richard de 
Stafford de Eyam touching the consanguinity which is said to 
exist between Richard, his son, and Isabella, his wife, taken in 



84 PROCEEDINGS TAKEN IN WINSTER CHURCH. 

the Parish Church of Winster, on the Tuesday next after the 
Feast of all Saints (5 Nov.) a.d 1308. 

William le Proude del Fowlowe (Foolow, near Eyam), 
Sexagenarian of Free Condition, having been sworn, 
carefully examined, and questioned, upon the libel of 
the accusation against those who were united, and who 
were present, declared that the contention in the same was 
true, and he says that he knows this because he is of the said 
kinship, and knew well all the descendants on both sides. When 
asked who was the (stipes) Common Ancestor, he said that a 
certain Richard de Stafford, who had a certain wife named 
Matilda, was the Common Ancestor, who had two sons named 
Richard and Ingeram. Richard has issue a certain Roger. 
From Roger proceeded Richard de Stafford. From Richard 
proceeded his son Richard, concerning whom was the dispute 
on the one side. From Ingeram proceeded a certain Lecia. 
Lecia had issue Richard de Eyam. From Richard proceeded 
Isabella, concerning whom was the dispute on the other side. 
When asked whether he had seen all those parties before, he 
said that he had, except the one who was the Highest (in the 
pedigree). When asked if he believed that they were relations, 
he said that he knew it well. When asked from whom he had 
learnt at first that relationship, he said from his mother ; that 
he knew it the better because Ingeram was his grandfather. 
When a.sked whether he had learnt of that relationship before 
the litigation was commenced, he answered that he knew it 
forty years before. When asked whether the said Richard 
pursued that litigation from love or from hate, he said he 
believed from love, lest the couple should continue the irregular 
connection. He is ignorant, however, what the accusation 
precisely is, and says all those persons mentioned have always 
regarded themselves as relations. When asked whether he is 
the more affected by the divorce or by the marriage between 
them, says he holds himself indifferent. When asked whether 



PROCEEDINGS TAKEN IN WINSTER CHURCH. 85 

he had been induced by anybody to depose against the truth, 
said he had not ; that he had neither been influenced nor 
prompted. 

Phihp de Hope, full sixty years of age, of free condition, 
when carefully examined upon oath, and questioned upon his 
own evidence, given when examined before, says the same thing 
as the first witness, that he is not of the aforesaid family, but 
that touching the matter before them he had learnt of the said 
relationship from the said Lecia, whose daughter he had 
married. 

William le Chapman, of Eyam, sexagenarian of free condition, 
when carefully examined, etc., upon his former evidence, says 
the same thing as the first witness, that he had leamt the said 
relationship from his father and mother, but says that he had 
not seen the two brothers who had made the first step. 

Eustace de Leyun (Leam, in the parish of Eyam), 
sexagenarian of free condition, when examined on oath, gave 
the same evidence as at his former examination, and said that 
he had learnt of the said relationship from his mother, who 
was the daughter of Richard (the son of?) Ingeram, and that 
as regards the matter in hand, he had not seen Ingeram. 

Henry, the son of Richard de Geldacre, forty years of age, 
of free condition, examined on oath touching all the above 
evidence, gives the same e\ddence as before, but says that he 
had not seen the two brothers who descended from the common 
ancestor, nor Roger, the son of Richard. 

Richard del Hawe, sexagenarian, etc., gives the same 
evidence as Philip, at his first examination, gave touching the 
matter, and says that Roger and Ingeram were brothers, and 
that he had learnt of this relationship from his father and 
mother. 

Richard Freeman, sexagenarian, gives the same evidence as 
Eustace, when first examined, that he is of the said family, and 
that he had learnt of that relationship from his own family. 
Subsequent events prove that the divorce was carried out. 



86 PROCEEDINGS TAKEN IN WINSTER CHURCH. 

PEDIGREE OBTAINED FROM THE ABOVE 
Richard de Stafford = Matilda 



I I 

Richard de Stafford = Ingeram de Stafford = 



Roger de Stafford = Lecia= . . . de Eyam. Richard = 



Richard = Richard de Eyam= A daur A daur== . . . de Leyum 

married I 

Philip I 

de Hope. Eustace de Leyum. 

r~ r " 

Richard de StaP = Isabella de Eyam. 



(The deed, which has been faithfully reproduced by Messrs. Bemrose 
and Sons, is evidently a palimpsest. Our Society has to thank Mr. Bowles 
for its production as a frontispiece to this volume. Ed.) 



87 



Hrposittons m action for trcspags iitouQi^t 
i)g P^enrg iFurntss agamst l^otjert egvc 



By Charles E. B. Bowles. 



D. vj. 
1611. 



In action de Tresp* 



ENRY Furniss, PI' 
Robert Eyre, Df 

Instruccons for the PI' Counsell 
The PI setteth forth that the def the last 
dale of March 9^ Jacobi w'.^ force and armes his close 
called Wallheade at Abney did breake & enter & (a) 30 
pearce) (30 perch) of stonne wall of the said Henryes 
in the said close did cast downe and overthrow the 
hedges of the said close did likewise pull downe to the 
damage of 20^ 

The Def justifieth the breakeinge and puUinge downe 
of the said fence for that '.he place called Wallhead is 
p'cell of a certen More or Wast called Abney More & 
that deP is seised of a messuage & 30"^ acres of land 
20 acres of meadow & 40''" acres of pasture w"* the 
appurtenances in Offerton als Awferlon & that he & his 
ancestors have had comon upon Abney More for all 
maiior of cattail as appen' to the said messuage in 
Offerton & for that the PI' had enclosed the said place 
the DeP Justifyeth the puttinge down thereof for the 
useinge of the said comon 

To this the PI' replyeth & saith that the def did pull 
downe the same of his owne wronge — & soe att yssue 



DEPOSITIONS IN ACTION FOR TRESPASS. 

The evidence for the PI' 

Francis Bradshawe esquier beinge seised of the manor 
of Abney unto the w^'' belongeth a wast or comon of 
600 acres the PI' being a freeholder within the said 
manor the said Francis Bradshaw did permitt the said 
pi' to enclose the parcell of comon now in question 
adjoyninge to the pi' land w"^'' conteyneth about some 
halfe an acre not worth per annum 20^ after the enclo- 
singe whereof the pi' enjoyed the same quietlie for the 
space of 2 yeares & after the def sendinge for the pl*^ to 
paiiell him a saddle for that the pl*^ came not presentlie 
upon the def" sendinge for thereupon the Def in a Rage 
pulled downe the place now in question pretendinge 
interest of common therein & hath likewise writte for 
the good behaviour foith of the Crowne office upon 
unjust surmises against \>V & his sonnes & hath bound 
them to appeare at London & further hath causes & 
severall accions of Batterie apeece to be brought against 
the pi' & his 2 sonnes at the sute of 2 of his servants 
and base sonns of the def & soe hath utterlie 
vexatious corses utterlie beggered the pi' & his familie 
enforcinge them to kepe the house for 6 monthes to- 
geather whereby they are undone 

Abney is an ancient manor as appearelh by manie 
Court Rolls from Rychard & upon the waste 

or common of Abney there adjoyneth the severall lo:'"^ 
(lordships) or townes whose comons were never fenced 
from Abney yet they have beene well knowen by meots 
(? meares) & bounds the io:^" (lordships) or Townes 
adjoyning are these viz : 

Offerton Shotton Great Hucklowe Haslebagde Hyelowe 
Brough & Bradwall 

The I.orde of Abney dwelled in Staffordshire farr from 
Abney & these neibor townes adjoyninge did ordinarilie 
trespas to the lorde of Abney by puttinge there cattell 
upon tliere ovvne comon & soe they strayed to Abney 



DEPOSITIONS IN ACTION FOR TRESPASS. 89 

conion as comoners because of vicinage yet have they 
been all amercyed as appeareth by the ancient Court 
Rolls viz : 

In an old Court Roll at a Court held at Abney for 
that manor the Inbahitants of great Hucklowe 

Bradwail Offerton (beinge the place in question 
Brough Shalton were amercied for trespassings upon 
Abney comon 

37 H>' At an other Court held at Abney 37 H*" 8 
Robert Glossop & Ralphe Bockinge of the freehoulders 
in Offerton were then amercyed for trespassings upon 
Abney comon 

Nota. The Defend' challengeth comon upon Abney 
more for all manor of cattell belonginge to his messuage 
in Offerton first that is a question whether the def hath 
D. vi. a messuage theire or onlie a cottage & his cattell hath 
beene questioned for usinge of Offerton comon by the 
freeholders of Offerton Witnes Ralphe Bockinge 

Nota. Offerton is a manor of it selfe & now in the 
tenure of Henrie Cavendishe Esq' & the meares & 
boundes thereof are well known &: severed from Abney 
& the deP & the rest of the freeholders in Offerton pay 
Cheeffe Rent to M' Cavendish 

Nota. Francis Bradshawe now Lord of the Manor of 
Abney did amongst his evidence fynd a note bearinge 
date 29° die July 1594 of the sayinge of Peter Bagshawe 
concerninge the meares of Abney wherein he sailh that 
the Inhabitance (of) Offerton Shatton & Brough have 
been amercyed 40''^ yeares agoe for gettinge turves upon 
Abney Comon 

Nota. that Abney wast hath been measured & con- 
teyneth above 800 acres of comon «& the place in 
question is not an acree & will hardlie grease a calfe for 
the quantitie of the Comon George Wood 



90 



iHelautrta d^astlr. 



By John Garstang, B.A., Oxon. 



5^mHE Roman station which has become known tO' us by 

9 emH the curious name of Melandra Castle, is to be found 

9" ^" i marked on the Ordnance Map No. II., ii, for the 

County of Derbyshire. It is on the confines of that 

county, at its extreme north-west, near to Dinting, and some 

thirteen miles from Manchester. 

Archaeological research in the surrounding districts, particu- 
larly with regard to the Roman works, has not yet been 
sufficiently advanced to enable the exact military or strategic 
local situation of this outpost to be realized. A mass of 
material exists for the history of the vicinity, though scattered 
through a hundred volumes, and requiring to be stripped of 
many superstitions ; but the district is one that has naturally 
attracted chief attention to itself on account of other and earlier 
archaeological and geological interests. The Roman remains 
have, therefore, been for the most part overlooked, or examined 
only in cursory fashion. 

From information that may be accepted without serious 
questioning, the site selected for this fortress would seem to have 
been, as usual, a knot in the network of military roads that 
formed a chief feature in the defences employed by the Romans 
throughout the north of Britain. Its situation with reference 
to its surroundings is more remarkable. To the north-west 
rises War Hill, now occupied by Mottram Church, and on 
which traces of early earthworks are still to be seen ; to the 



; 



MELANDRA CASTLE. 



91 



north-east is the wooded top of Mouselow, a reputed stronghold 
of the British ; while the east and south-east again are hemmed 
in by the fastnesses that lie away towards the Peak, and so much 
abound in traces of the earlier inhabitants. The Romans chose, 



y'J^i/iiiniiiMiimnMM\^ ^'^- ^^JmnmJMnS/^-} 




as the site for their fortress, a piece of land almost under 
shadow of these heights, where a gentle slope from the south 
breaks away steeply toi the junction of two streams. The 
position was thus naturally defended on the one hand and some- 



92 MELANDRA CASTLE. 

what overlooked on the other, yet this fact does not seem to 
have caused any change in the regular formation of the enclosure 
With the single exception of a marl-pit, somewhat supplying the 
place of a fosse on the southern side, there appears to have been 
no special strength of defence in that direction, while the same 
nature of wall and rampart appears to have enclosed the whole. 

The nature of this chief defence is somewhat remarkable. 
It was doubtless faced around on its outer side with a stone wall, 
though the traces of this now remain near the chief gateways only. 
This was seemingly backed by a mound of rubble, earth, and 
marl. Several sections made through each side, well into the 
original surface, have one and all failed to reveal any sign of 
an inner retaining wall. A form of rampart unusual in Roman 
works is thus disclosed.* The outer shell of masonry has a 
thickness of little more than a foot, which the backing of rubble 
increases to four or five feet at its lowest course. With the base 
of the mound included the width is increased to twenty feet or 
more. The nature of the rampart-walk, if any such there were, 
and its association with the towers which surmounted its four 
corners, remains an unsolved problem. The top of the mound, 
which probably might be gained from any point of the interior, 
may have been used by the sentries, to whom the wall, rising 
somewhat higher on the outer side, would thus serve as a 
protection. 

The outer wall having been previously stripped from around 
the three comers where the towers are otherwise well shown, 
and at the fourth (the western) the tower itself being not clearly 
defined, it is not now possible to examine the exact connection 
between these features of the masonry. The mound seems, in 
one or two instances (at least), to have been piled against the 
side walls of the towers, and in no case had a tower, whether in 
a corner or flanking a gate, a masoned floor at the ground level, 
nor any definite appearance of an entrance. This bears out 
the conjectures made elsewhere in the restoration of similar 

* The ramparts of the lately excavated fort at GelHgaer, near Cardiff, are 
somewhat similar. Earthen ramparts seem to have been commonest in the 
first century A.D. (F. Haverfield.) 



MELANDRA CASTLE. 

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93 




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94 MELANDRA CASTLE. 

towers, as some of those along the " Limes,'' where it is con- 
sidered that these turrets were provided, in many cases, with a 
useful chamber only in the upper storey which might be entered 
directly from the sentry-walk upon the rampart. 

The " camp " is similar in area and shape to other Roman forts 
of the smaller type. Being nearly square its entrances are found 
about the centre of its sides : each was flanked on either hand by 
a tower, and each seems to have been spanned by a double 
arch, with the exception of that behind the praetorium, that is to 
say, to the south of it, which was probably simpler in form 
Of the latter, not much remains, nor indeed has it been 
sufficiently excavated as yet. Of the others, that to the east, 
that is the right hand when looking down the enclosure from the 
praetorium, may best be taken as the type ; for while it is well 
preser^'ed in almost every feature of its plan, the other two retain 
only such points as render it probable that they resembled it in 
every way. 

The foundations disclosed in the exca\ations were those of 
the towers which guarded the entrance on either hand, and their 
junctions with the main wall and rampart, with the bases of the 
pilasters which supported the outer and inner arches, were all 
in position. The bed of the central " spina," which supported 
the weight of the double span in the centre, alone was difficult 
to locate. By reference to the plan of this entrance, it may seem 
that the gateway was recessed a little from the frontage of the 
camp-wall. a, b, c, d, are the bases of the pilasters abutting 
against the masonry of the towers, from which the arches 
sprang on either side. The elevations represent the stones as 
actually found on excavation. At c is an interesting little 
point, the superposition of two joins in the lowest and second 
courses of the wall, at a point exactly in line with the outer face 
of the tower wall on that side, thus showing, to some extent, how 
the design was carried out. 

Of greater interest are the worked stones that for some years 
had been noticeable, lying about near this entrance. Several 
are voussoirs from the main arches of the gate and from a 
smaller door or window. Others, again, from their chamfer and 



MELANDRA CASTLE. 95 

dimensions are identified as the actual imposts from tliese 
pilasters. Two are complete, and fragments of others were 
found in the enclosing wall of this field, and near a farm- 
house in the neighbourhood. Other large squared stones had 
undoubtedly been masoned into these pilasters. A mortice and 
a stop in the chamfer of one of the imposts, readily give its 
alignment with the tower wall, and accordingly its projection, as 
represented in the detailed diagram. The spans of the voussoirs, 
too, corre.spond satisfactorily with the width of the entrance,' 
and with what is otherwise theoretically required to invite and 
render possible a restoration of the whole gateway up to the 
spring of its arches. It seems probable that on the right hand 
was the main arch spanning a broad way for traffic, while on the 
left was a narrower gate for the entrance of those on foot. This 
type of gateway is very unusual in northern forts, and seems only 
to have been known at Hardknott Castle, but it is still to be seen 
in the Roman gate at Lincoln,* and Mr. Haverfield speaks of a 
similar construction in some of the .smaller Roman forts of 
Northern Africa. 

[In the restoration of the pilaster c, which was actually effected 
on the ground, by some oversight the line of the stop and 
mortice was built a little way from that of the tower wall, thus 
giving the whole pilaster a projection somewhat too great. 
Owing to the weight of stone, it was deemed inadvisable to 
place it aright until the restoration of that opposite to it is 
taken in hand.] 

None of the other gates are so well preserved, and it is 
possible that this one to the east, leading to more level land, 
was the most used and best built. But both that opposite to it 
across the enclosure, and that to the north also, seem to have 
been similar in plan. The fourth may have been smaller and 
spanned by a single arch, or even enclosed by a wooden frame, 
of which there is some suggestion in various stones found in a 
cursory examination of it. 

* The Lincoln gate, however, is not really analogous. It is interesting 
to compare the later work of the western gate at Richborough, excavated 
last year. Arch" CaiWi, XXIV. (J.G., 1901.) 



96 



MELANDRA CASTLE. 



The interior was crossed from gate to gate, as usual, by a 
" cobbled " street. That leading from north to south was 
necessarily interrupted by the prgetorium which, as is usual in 
these works, is situated in the upper part of the enclosure, 
fronting the main street which passes from the East gate to the 
AVest. This building, with its chambers and courtyard, encloses 
an area nearly square. Its internal construction, while re- 

TH E PB/L TO Rl U M . 




^... 



sembling that of other prsetoria in general principle, inasmuch as 
it contained a series of rooms, the official headquarters, opening 
into a court, is not exactly like any that has yet been 
excavated. 

Like other features of the fort, it most nearly resembles 
that previously mentioned at Hardknott, in Cumberland, and, 
indeed, upon complete excavation, it may prove to have been 



MELANDRA CASTLE. 97 

exactly similar. Other features of these two forts are worthy 
of comparison. Each is of nearly the same area, with the same 
number of entrances, similarly situated. The chief quarters, 
too, occupy the most prominent position in each, and there is in 
l)0th a conspicuous absence of stone buildings other than 
those of official necessity. 

At Melandra, no' definite trace of a granary has yet been 
discovered, but to the west of the praetorium one or two pilse of 
a hypocaust have been found, though not in association ; and 
near to them was a very curious " tiled floor," about a dozen 
feet square, edged with halved roofing tiles, the rims of which 
were turned upwards and in line. The enclosed space was 
covered miscellaneously with small tiles, broken and whole, many 
fragments of pottery, and the round segments of tiling that were 
wont to protect the joints of the roof-tiles. The utility of this 
curious floor is not yet made obvious. 

There are several traces of ovens within this fort : the tiles 
forming the floor of one near the turret in the south corner show 
particularly well the part reserved for the baking and that allotted 
to the fire. Even the ashes, as raked out, remained in a pile close 
at hand.* Other interesting finds of smaller objects, grindstones, 
and the like, continue tO' be made. The area was drained by 
the Romans after their usual manner, and their water-courses 
are still most serviceable for carrying away the excess of rain 
and spring water that constantly arises. 

Quantities of broken pottery of several kinds have been met 
with, some of them interestingly maiked with hardly legible 
graffiti. One type of pot, of black ware with round spout and 
rim, and circular body of oval section, seems tO' be new to 
Roman Britain. But all such points may be better dealt with 
when the excavation is completed. 

Some of the land to the west of the fort, fomiing a terrace on 
the brink of the slope which then descends to the river below, 

* Similar hearths have been found at the Saalburg. They may be con- 
nected with the soldiers' tents, which have naturally left no definite traces. 
(F. Maverfidd.) 

7 



g MELANDRA CASTLE. 

seems to^ have been used by the Romans for some purpose, and 
is also worthy of examination. 

The scheme for the excavation of this interesting, and in many 
features remarkable, Derbyshire camp, which Mr. R. Hamnett, 
of Glossop, initiated by the formation of the local Society for 
the purpose, has met with a conspicuous and gratifymg success 
at its commencement, and it may be hoped that its further 
researches will be equally rewarded. The object of excavation 
should be to uncover only, and not to disturb, for every stone 
had its purpose, and it is by its position in situ alone that such 
purpose can now be ascertained. Excavations of ancient and 
valuable antiquities can only be justifiable when conducted strictly 
upon these lines, and the local Committee who have the Melandra 
work in han<l are entrusted with a responsibility not to them- 
selves only, but to the entire antiquarian and historical com- 
munity. 



99 



IJlcpovt of tlje OBxcaljattons in ISSO^^IOOO, 



By Robert Hamnett, Hon. Secretary to the Melandra 
Excavation Fund. 




T the Annual Meeting of this Society in March, 1898, 
I had the honour of reading a paper on Melandra 
Castle, and in speaking of the proposed excavation of 
the site said, " If this Society and the Lancashire and 
Cheshire Antiquarian Society were to join hands in assisting a 
local committee, I am sure funds could be raised for the carry- 
ing cut of this project." The paper was printed in the local 
newspapers and copies were sent to gentlemen interested in 
antiquarian research \vith the result that an excursion was 
arranged, and on the 9th of July, 1898, a representative number 
of gentlemen \'isited the site. Professor Boyd Dawkins and 
others expressed their opinion that an excavation would lead 
to important discoveries, and suggested that a fund should be 
raised for that purpose. The Lord of the Manor, the Right 
Honourable Lord Howard of Glossop, having been asked, and 
given his permission for the site to be thoroughly excavated, 
circulars were sent out by both the Derbyshire and Lancashire 
and Cheshire Societies to their members and to local gentlemen. 
At the outset the response was tardy, but ultimately a con- 
siderable amount in subscriptions was paid into the fund by the 
two Societies and various gentlemen interested in our enterprise. 
A local committee was formed, viz., S. H. Wood, Esq., J.P., 
D.L., Mayor; Alderman J. Barnes, Deputy-Mayor; Rev. A. P. 
Hamilton-Wilson; Rev. H. T. Dudley; Rev. E. C. Collier ; Rev. 



lOO REPORT OF THE EXCAVATIONS IN 1889-I9OO. 

Canon C. W. Tasker ; Mr. T. Barlow, J.P. ; Mr. H. Weetman, 
J.P.; Mr. C. E. Knowles, J.P. ; Councillor J. Beeley; Dr. W. J. 
Bowden ; Messrs. H. Broadhurst, C. Ellison, J. Hardman, T. T. 
Kenyon, J. Merry, R. B. Robinson, A. E. White, H. Wright. 
Hon. Treasurers: Rev. A. P. Hamilton-Wilson, Vicar of Glossop, 
and Mr. T. T. Kenyon, Bank Manager. Bankers : Manchester 
and Liverpool Banking Co. ; and Hon. Secretary, myself. The 
tenant of the farm was seen, and terms agreed upon as to the 
amount tO' be paid for compensation for disturbance and damage. 
Delav from various causes took place, and it was not until the 
loth of August, 1899, that operations were commenced by 
digging a trench on the west side of the station which disclosed 
the boundary wall, the first course of stones (12 inches) being 
for 15 feet intact. The foundation consisted of large boulders 
embedded in clay, with three courses of flagstones on the top. 
The wall was four feet thick. The remains terminated at the 
western gateway. The foundation of the wall was traced for a 
considerable distance on this side, but the dressed stones had 
been taken away. The road, 18 feet wide from the west to the 
east gate, formed of gravel and lime, very hard and durable, 
was covered, near the entrance, with broken roofing tiles from 
the towers which flanked the gateways. Fragments of Roman 
poittery were found at the level of the foundation of the wall. 
On the 17th of August, at the suggestion of the Rev. H. T. 
Dudley, a trench was dug on the east side, with the result that 
the Avail on this side was found, and proved to be in better 
preservation than that on the west, three courses of stones still 
being in situ. Further examination brought to light the eastern 
entrance, the roadway being of the same width, and composed 
of similar material as the one on the west side, and the fragments 
of roofing tiles were more numerous. A piece of ornamented 
Samian ware was also found here. These discoveries being 
made known to the public through the medium of the local and 
Manchester newspapers, large numbers of visitors flocked to 
view the remains. Advantage was taken of this means of spread- 
ing forth what the intention of the Societies were. Lectxires 



REPORT OF THE EXCAVATIONS IN 1889-I9OO. lOI 

were given on the site, and a collecting box provided, which 
eventually brought in the sum of £^2\ iis. 3d., and enabled the 
local committee to extend their operations. Mr. John 
Garstang, B.A., of Oxford, the well known Roman student, who 
was excavating the Roman Station at Ribchester, was strongly 
recommended by the Society as a most suitable authority to 
superintend and direct the work. He was, therefore, 
approached, and from the 24th of August to the 5th of October 
had the sole direction. Omng to being engaged in the 
Egyptian explorations, he could no longer spare the time, and 
the work was continued under my supervision until the i8th of 
November, when the weather becoming unfit and the funds being 
nearly exhausted, excavations were discontinued for the year. 
The members of the Derbyshire Society subscribed £fi 5s., and 
the members of the Lancashire and Cheshire Society also gave us 
a very handsome contribution, but it was a pity that these sub- 
scriptions were not received sooner, as more men could have 
been emplo3ed whilst Mr. John Garstang was present, and the 
weather was most favourable for outdoor work. 

The discoveries made are very interesting, and have far 
exceeded our initial expectations. The eastern entrance has 
been cleared to the foundations, which were found perfect, the 
guard chamber on the left, and a small tower on the right, 
having their lower courses of stone still remaining. The gateway 
was double-arched one, and many of the arch stones were 
found in the debris, which enabled a portion of one of the 
pillars of an arch tO' be restored with the original stones found 
at its base. The towers at the four corners of the station were 
found, the north and south ones being in good preservation. 
Opposite and near to the south tower was discovered the floor 
of an oven ; a complete tile and portions of others still remain. 
A considerable quantity of charcoal, the remains of the last 
fire, was strewn around. In the southern half of the camp was 
unearthed the Praetorium, which is twenty-five yards square, the 
walls in some instances coming within a few inches of the 
surface. The inner walls were two feet, and the outer walls three 



I02 REPORT OF THE EXCAVATIONS IN 1889-I9OO. 

feet, in thickness. Three rooms and a courtyard have been 
partially cleared, but much remains yet to be done. To the west 
of the Prgetorium was found a tile floor fourteen feet by thirteen 
feet ; probably the floor of the granary. The floor had evidently 
at some time been repaired with rooflng and other tiles. Some 
of the original tiles, eight inches square and two inches thick, 
still remain in their original position. A complete tegula, or 
roofing tile, though in two parts, is very interesting, and probably 
unique. The walls uncovered have all been cemented with 
Earle's cement to protect them from the weather and from being 
damaged by visitors. Long trenches have been dug in all 
directions, revealing the clay floors of the soldiers' huts, roads, 
and workshops. From these have been recovered a considerable 
quantity of Roman pottery, iron nails, knife, discus or quoit, 
lead weights for weighing purposes and for fishing lines, sheet 
lead with nail holes in it, lead spindle whorl, fragments of glass 
tumblers, bottles, and window glass, the edges bevelled, a proof 
that the window-panes were made to standard sides. Similar 
glass has been found at the Roman " Station " at Wilderspool, 
and elsewhere. Various beads, probably belonging to ladies' 
necklaces, a silver denarius of Domitian, a.d. 81-96, a third 
brass coin of Hadrian, a.d. i 17-139, and others not yet 
identified ; whetstones, querns, and millstones, charcoal, the 
outer portions of bracken, which was most likely used for 
bedding purposes, bones and teeth of animals, oak spars and 
tiles, one marked V.V., possibly for the well-known motto of 
the 20th Legion. 

The Roman pottery consists of nearly every kind of domestic 
article, such as amphorae, ampullae, ollae, paterae, mortaria, etc., 
many with potters' marks, but mostly in fragments. The Samian 
ware is ornamented with fowls, dogs, deer, boars, trees, etc., 
several pieces bearing the name of the potter. The Upchurch 
ware is of the usual network pattern, the meshes varying 
in size. A small portion of black ware, having a series of 
pellets arranged in squares, circles, and lines, may most probably 
be later British, probably portions of cinerary urns. The white 



REPORT OF THE EXCAVATIONS IN 1889-1900. I03 

(made from pipe clay), red, grey, and black ware are mostly 
plain. There is also a portion of a loose strainer for straining 
wine. 

A stone conduit, flagged, was uncovered for over sixty yards, 
but it is not yet traced to its full extent; it may possibly lead 
to a well, or source of the water supply, but is more probably the 
main drain of the camp. Outside the station, near to the west 
tower, was found a gravel road of nine feet wide, leading to a 
plateau in an adjoining field ; compare the " Parade Ground " at 
Hardknott. 

The Right Honourable Lord Howard of Glossop has con- 
sented to lease, at a nominal rental, for ten years, with power 
to renew at the expiration of the lease, twO' fields, the site of the 
Roman Station and the plateau not yet examined, to four 
trustees, viz., the Rev. A. P. Hamilton-Wilson, Mr. C. E. 
Knowles, J. P., Mr. Cyril Ellison, and myself. There will, 
therefore, in the future, be no compensation due to the 
tenants, and the excavation can be carried on in accordance with 
the amount of funds subscribed. It is desirable that every inch 
of the soil down to the level of the untouched or natural soil 
should be dug up and examined, except where there are build- 
ings or roads. 

Mr. F. Haverfield, M.A. Oxon., F.S.A., and Mr. W. H. St. 
John Hope, M.A., Secretary of the Society of Antiquities, have 
visited the excavations and expres.sed themselves satisfied with 
the work being done, their advice and suggestions being valuable 
and useful. 

The local committee, to supervise better and carry out the 
work, and to give confidence to the public, have resolved them- 
selves into a Society, '' The Glossop and District Antiquarian and 
Natural Histor}- Society." Many local gentlemen have joined it, 
and there is every pro.spect of the antiquities of the district being 
searched out and permanently recovered. Photographs, to scale, 
have been taken by Mr. Sharpe of the important finds, and 
copies sent to " The National Photographic Record Association," 
who have deposited, with full details, a copy of each at the 



I04 REPORT OF THE EXCAVATIONS IN 1889-I9OO. 

British Museum. Plans have also been carefully drawn of the 
remains and site, so that when the work is completed, a 
description can be given of this Roman Station, which ought 
to prove interesting to all antiquaries and throw some light 
upon the Romans who were for several centuries in 
this part of North Derbyshire. Lord Howard of Glossop 
has removed the centurial stone from the farmhouse 
to a safer place; also the stones from the gable end 
of the house at Hatfield, which were found prior to- 1846 at 
Mouslow Castle by the Rev. George Marsden. Mr. Charles 
Roeder and Mr. Joseph J. Phelps, of Manchester, have taken 
casts of them, and Mr. Phelps is devoting much time and study 
in endeavouring to fathom their meaning. Some of the symbols 
are certainly very early Christian, proving, without a doubt, that 
they had no connection with Melandra Castle, as has generally 
been supposed. 

[Editor's Note. — Our own inspection of this work fully bears 
out its interesting character, and whilst we must accord the 
highest praise for the care and thought which has been devoted 
to it, we would prefer to see less attempt at restoration and a 
more rigid adherence to Mr. Garstang's rule that no stone should 
be removed from the position in which it is found, nor even 
disturbed.] 




if </3 



jjan^^ o f Re pton ChureK Cr ypt 



15 18 f^ 

I . i I 



SAXON. 
^ NORMAN. 

Nearly English. 



J.T.I. 
F. C.H. 



I05 



^ Nott on t!)c most vcccnt l3igcolJcvics m 
lUcpton €f)ur(!) Crgpt. 




By F. C. HiPKiNS, M.A., F.S.A. 



|N Vol. v. of our Journal there is a very interesting 
article " On the Crypt beneath the Chancel of Repton 
Church, Derbyshire," by the late J. T. Irvine, Esq., 
F.S.A., Scot. I am very sorry to write that he died 
on June 6th, 1900, at the age of seventy-five. All the members 
of our Society, who had the pleasure of knowing him, or had 
read his most interesting articles in our Journal, will agree 
with me that by his death, antiquaries and archaeologists 
have suffered a great loss. He made a special study of Repton 
Crypt, and when he heard that excavations were about to be 
made to find out the extent, etc., of the recesses in the Crypt 
he most kindly sent me his plans, with permission to use them, 
which I ha\e done — with additions — in the plan opposite. 
He also attended the expedition our Society made to Repton 
on June 3rd, 1899, and gave us a most interesting lecture in 
the Cr)-pt, pointing out its various and unique details. He 
was most interested in the excavations, and expressed himself 
as much pleased with the result. 

In Vol. LIII. (Dec, 1896) of the Royal Archaeological Insti- 
tute of Great Britain, there is another most interesting article 
by J. T. Micklethwaite, F.S.A., entitled " Something about 
Saxon Church Building." Ground plans of about thirty Anglo- 
Saxon Churches are given, among them two of Repton, one 
of the Church and another of the Crypt, which he compares 



lOb MOST RECENT DISCOVERIES IN REPTON CHURCH. 

with those at Wing and Brixworth. " The Crypts at Wing 
and at Repton, and what there is of that at Brixworth, differ 
considerably in form, but have much in common, and I think 
they cannot be far apart in date, which the last-named (Brix- 
worth) seems to fix in the seventh century. Each has had 
arcosolia or arched chambers intended to receive tombs 
of these there were three — towards the east, north, and south — 
at Repton and Wing; and two — towards the north-east and 
south-east — at Brixworth." The recesses at Brixworth are only 
in the thickness of the wall, those at Repton and Wing extend 
some distance outside. It was in order to find how far they 
extended at Repton, and what they might contain, that I made 
excavations in the month of September, 1898. A trench, eight 
feet deep, was dug on the south side of the Chancel. Starting 
about three feet from it, the trench was continued in a south- 
westerly direction for some yards ; several skeletons were dis- 
covered, but nothing else. Then the earth was excavated 
towards the Chancel wall. 2 ft. 2 in. from it, 2 ft. 3 in. 
below the surface of the ground, two blocks of stone 
were discovered (see plan) measuring respectively (i) 

1 ft. 10 in. long, I ft. 5 in. broad, and i ft. 5 in. deep; 
(2) 2 ft. long, I ft. 4 in. broad, and i ft. 9 in. deep. Both 
are champered off on the inside. Between them is an opening 

2 ft. 2 in. wide. These blocks were the foundations on which 
were built " triangular arches " — traces of which are to be seen 
on the surface of the three sides of the Chancel — which served 
as roofs to the recesses and buttresses to the walls, as at 
Barnack and Brigstock churches. The two blocks, with the 
opening between them, extend 6 ft. 2 in. They are supported 
by a slab of stone. On a level with this stone are two other 
stones (3) under whicli was a skeleton ; the two stones had 
originally been one, which had probably been broken when 
someone had raised it up to see what was underneath it. 
Nothing was found with the skeleton ; perhaps the person who 
inspected the remains removed what might have been there ? 
Might this have been the remains of the Saxon Prince referred 
to in Mr. Irvine's article ? 



MOST RECENT DISCOVERIES IN REPTON CHURCH. I07 

The excavations on the east side revealed a set of six stone 
steps, which had taken the place of the blocks, etc., like those 
on the south side. The steps are single roughly-hewn stones 
of varied length, resting on the earth, without mortar. Six 
more would be required to reach the floor of the Crypt. Dr. 
Charles Cox, who inspected the excavations, writes (see 
the Athenatim, October 1st, 1890), "These steps are of neither 
of the Saxon periods, and are probably the work of the Austin 
Canons who came here in 1172, and whose Priory was (is) 
immediately to the east of the parish church which they served." 
They would gain a quicker entrance to the church down the 
steps. 

The recess on the north side was destroyed when the stone 
steps — with holy water stoup on the western wall — and door 
were made, probably in the thirteenth century. Although 
the " finds " were not considerable, they settled one fact, 
the recesses were rectangular, and not apsidal. Further, they 
corroborate Mr. Micklethwaite's theory, so well argued out in 
his article referred to above, that the apsidal owe their origin 
to Roman influence, represented by that " Roman of 
Romans," St. Wilfrid, of York, who followed the basilican 
form of building, and the rectangular owe their origin to 
Scottish influence, represented by Benedict Biscop, of 
Northumbria. It was from Northumbria that Diuma, first 
bishop of the Middle Angles, came, sent by Finan, Bishop 
of Lindisfarne, to preside over the newly-converted Mercian 
race, and, if " Feppingum " was one of the names that Repton 
bore, he " died and was buried among the Middle Angles there." 



io8 



Etjjj iEaiij) ^cfcnsiUc lEavtljlwoiii on 



By I. Chalkley Gould. 



i 



N 1899, I had the pleasure of saying somewhat about 
early defensive earthworks, at the Buxton meeting of 
the British Archaeological Association. 

On that occasion, though reference was made to 
remains in various parts of Britain, special attention was 
di'awn to examples to be seen in Derbyshire, a county rich in 
pre-historic relics, though not containing so' many early forts 
as one finds in some districts, a fact tO' be accounted for by the 
poor character of the soil, and consequent sparse population 
in those hilly parts* which provide such admirable sites for 
defensive works. 

To fix a chronological order in the date of certain types of 
earthwork forts which remain in this county is impossible in 
the present state of our knowledge, and in the ever-to-be- 
regretted absence of accurate record of the articles found by 
excavators in past times. Bateman did much to bring together 
such scattered information as he obtained, as well as to record 
his own observations ; but, speaking broadly, it is to be said 

* Celia Fiennes, a quaint but inaccurate diarist, says : " Indeed all 
Darl)yshire is but a world of peaked hills, which from some of ye highest 
you discover ye Rest Like steeples or tops of hills as thick as Can be, 
and tho' they appear so Close yet ye steepness down and up takes up 
ve tyme." — Through England on a Side Saddle in the Time of William 
and Mary. London, 1888. 



THE EARLY DEFENSIVE EARTHWORK ON COMB MOSS. 109 

that no systematic attempt has been made to record the 
" finds " in a way to enable us to decide upon the relative age 
of the fortresses. 

Form of construction alone will not always give the required 
basis for judgment, as the most simple forms adopted by early 
men were also on occasion used by the invaders of the eighth 
to the tenth centuries. In fact, when we examine forts of a 
time before the Roman dominion we are unable to fix a date, and 
must veil our ignorance by calling them pre-historic. 

There are, however, certain characteristic features which 
distinguish early hill-forts. The entrance ways to these works 
were marked by difficulty of approach, for early man liked 
something circuitous, as at Ardoch ; dangerous, as at Comb 
Moss ; or involved, as at Maiden Castle. 

The situation of a fort on a great hill 1,000 to 2,000 feet 
above the vales also indicates origin at a time when the tribes 
who lived on the lower ground needed, near by, a camp of 
refuge for men, women, children, and cattle, to be used only 
when tribal enemies were on the war-path. 

Noticing the skill with which many of the early entrance 
ways were arranged, in some cases involving a passage along 
the outer fosse for many yards before arriving at the opening 
through the inner rampart, one cannot but be reminded of those 
stone-built works of far later days which the Normans reared, 
guarding every passage, sometimes leaving a gap between the 
fore-building and the keep door, into which an enemy might 
fall ; sometimes carrying a winding .stair up to a higher floor, 
making it necessary to descend another stair tO' reach the lower 
rooms, and so on. 

Much more might be said than space will allow, and it is 
necessary to pass to the Derbyshire example which is selected 
for illustration of the work of early man. 

Occupying a bold promontory high above Chapel-en-le-Frith 
valley and the surrounding country, Comb Moss fort is an 
interesting work of the " refuge " type. In shape triangular ; 
nature has defended two sides by cliffs or precipitous slopes 



iro THE EARLY DEFENSIVE EARTHWORK ON COMB MOSS. 



AW 'mmS^m 



7 /} 

mm. ^^ 



'««,! 



corA 



"i^': 






B MOSS ,W^/jf/ 



i^^^p 



N 



I 



THE EARLY DEFENSIVE EARTHWORK ON COMB MOSS. T I I 

dropping four or five hundred feet. Across the base of the 
triangle the makers threw a double rampart and fosse to pro- 
tect the one side which was approachable on a level, so 
arranging their work that the only space left for an entrance 
to the fort was on the edge of a precipice at the North-east cor- 
ner, a spot easily defended by a handful of men. 

The dimensions of the fort and its defences are given thus by 
Mr. Sainter, in his Rambles Rotmd Macclesf.dd (1878) : — 

Length of fosse .ind ramparts ... ... ... ... 547 f^^'- 

Width of outer fosse at top of cutting ... ... ... 30 ,, 

Depth of ditto from level of ground ... ... ... 10 ,, 

Height of first or outer rampart from bottom of outer 

fosse ... ... ... ... ... ... 20 ,, 

Width of inner fosse at top of ramparts ... ...501065 ,, 

Depth of ditto from top of ditto ... ... ... 10 ,, 

Height of inner rampart ... ... ... ... \o ,, 

Length of West side of camp 450 ,, 

Length of North-north-east side of ditto ... ... 466 ,, 

Length of entrance to camp, including the path ... 366 ,, 

Major Rooke sent a communication (published in 
ArcJiaologja IX., 139, 1789), in which he claimed a Roman 
origin for the fort, but, indeed, all remains were either Roman 
or Druidic to the archaeologists of that day ! 

As his letter is interesting, I quote a portion of it : — 

" Whilst the Romans frequented these baths [Buxton], it is natural to 
suppose that they would take possession of the heights and strong posts 
in the neighbourhood. Accordingly we find an exploratory camp on a 
high moor, called Combes Moss, about four miles from Buxton, which 
is seen from the hill where the temple stood. 

" As this Roman work (which is called Castle dikes) has never, I believe, 
hitherto been taken notice of, I have given a plan of it. The South 
side, which is on a level with the moor, is strongly secured by a double 
ditch and vallum : here the entrance appears to have been. The East 
and West sides are inaccessible from a rocky declivity, which on the West 
side goes down to a brook from whence the camp was supplied with 
water, as appears by a passage cut through some rocks at B.* 

* The spot indicated by B on Major Rooke's plan is about 150 feet from 
the point of the promontory, on the West .side. 



I 1 2 THE EARLY DEFENSIVE EARTHWORK ON COMB MOSS. 

" Length of the South end 163 yards. The East side, where there is 
now a well, is about 162 yards; width of the inner ditch 7 yards; and of 
the outward ditch 5 yards. . . 

" The construction of the vallum (see the section) is different from any 
I have ever seen ; being formed of long stones placed diagonally, so as 
to press inward towards the centre, and then covered with earth : the 
base of the vallum is 12 yards." 




Section copied from Archa'ologia, IX. (17S9). 

Certain depressions of the surface have been thought to 
indicate stone huts, but their presence does not vitiate the 
theory of tire early " refuge " purpose of Comb Moss, for such 
a wet and windy exposure would necessitate shelter during 
even the most temporary occupation. 

In common with many other early works, the defences have 
suffered by alterations at the hands of those who occupied 
the fort in after years. 

The straight pass through the ramparts, giving easy access 
from the plateau, was no part of the scheme of the original 
constructors, but is usually attributed to the Romans, who 
may have occupied the place for a time. 

Granting that there was already a strongly defended fort here, 
the Romans are exceedingly likely to have seized upon and 
occupied a place which enabled them to command the road 
from their settlement at Buxton (Aquae) to Manchester 
(Mancunium), the way from Brough to the same road, and 
possibly local track-ways for conveyance of material from the 
mines and quarries of the Peakland. 

Probably in early days a wall of stone crowned the edge 
of the two precipitous sides pretty much as the partly modern 
wall now does to prevent cattle from falling over the cliffs. 

Many early forts exist which show no signs of water supply, 
suggesting that, as in a New Zealand fa, it was often necessary 



THE EARLY DEFENSIVE EARTHWORK ON COMB MOSS, I 13 

to carry up water for days beforehand when the fortresses Avere 
likely to be needed — a task allotted by the Maories to their 
women.* 

It is, however, recorded by Mr. Sainterf that at Comb Moss 
" there is a good spring of water in about the centre of the area," 
and, as we have seen, Major Rooke refers to water supply. 

A cursory examination (in a downpour of rain) of this inter- 
esting fortress made one long lor the opportunity to conduct a 
systematic exploration under favourable conditions, which 
might tell us at what period the great ramparts were raised ; a 
task which one may hope will some day be undertaken by 
Derbyshire archaeologists. 



Geological Notes. 

The Geological Survey Memoir ou North Derbyshire, 2nd 
edition, p. 15 (1887), says: — 

" The large flat-topped hill of Comb Moss is capped by an 
outlier of Third Grit, while round its flanks the outcrops of the 
Fourth, Fifth, and Shale Grits run in concentric rings." 

The Geological Survey Memoir on the Stockport District, p. 61 
(1866), says : — 

" At the top lies a hummock of shales, and the little coal at 
the junction [with the Third Grit] has formerly been worked 
. . . Round the flanks of the hill run the outcrops of two 
grit beds, the Fourth and Fifth Grits, representing the Kinder 
Scout Grit. The upper is mostly a coarse red grit, the lower 
not so coarse, and flaggy. . . . Below these is found the Yore- 
dale Grit, a fine-grained brown sandstone. . . . The Third 
Grit . . . ends off sharply in a line of crags, broken here and 
there by large landslips, while below we may trace three fainter 
lines of cliff, marking the outcrops of the Fourth, Fifth, and 
Yoredale Grits." 

* Old New Zealand (1887). 

t Sainler (J. D.), Gambles /?ound Afau/cs/ie/d (1878). 



114 THE EARLY DEFENSIVE EARTHWORK ON COMB MOSS. 

For the benefit of readers who are not geologists, it may 
be well to intimate that the region belongs to the Millstone 
Grit division of the Carboniferous series, and that the Geolo- 
gical Survey mapped and named separately each bed of stone, 
thick belts of shale parting the several members. 

The Memoirs from which the quotations are taken contam 
a mass of technical information, and to them those who are inter- 
ested in geology are referred. 



"5 



5nbei\ 



The asterisk (*) indicates a recnrrence on the pafe. 



persons. 

Abney, James, 48, 56 
Adam, W., 77, 78 
Agard, Charles, 52, 74 
Allen, Rob., 66, 72, 73 
AUestree, Tho., 66 
Allsopp, Tho., 67 
Alton, Ed., 68 
Andrew (or Andrewe 

Will., 24, 26 
Ashbornie, Juhitan (?), 
Aspinall, Tho., 66 
Asteley, John, 71 
Athelard, John, 7 
Ayre (Eyre), Rob., 13 



John, iQ, T,i ; 
^67 



places an& Subjects. 

Abney Manor, 88 ; More or Wast, 87 

Africa, Northern, Roman Forts of, 95 

Aldeport, 7 

Ale-taster, 11 

Angelyerd, 2 

Ardoch, 109 

Ashover, 80, 81 

" Assheplantez," 37 

Aston, Clyff, 35 

"Athenaeum, The,'" 107 

Austin Canons, 107 



Babington, Ffrancis, 74 ; Marma- 

duke, 76 
Bacon, Will., 68 
Badman, Ric, 67 
Baggar, John, 8 
Baggard, John, 2, 4, ii, 19 
Bagshagh, John le, 19 
Bagshaw, Francis, 83 ; Godfrey, S3 : 

Ric, 37 ; Tho., 67, 69, 70, 73 
Baguly, John, 9 
Baggulley, John, 24 
Banford, John le, 6 
Barber, Thos., 69 
Bardalfe, Ric, 37 
Baret, Tho., 13 
Barker, Ralph le, 15 
Barley, Rob., 26; The, 37 
Basselow, John, 25; Rich., 28, 29; 

Roger, 25 ; Will. 9 



Bakestone Hill, 37 

Bakewell, 41 

Barnack, 106 

Baslow, Court Rolls of, by Rev. C. 

Kerry, 1-39 
Baslow Moor, 31, 34 
Basselow bridge, 35 
Basselowe, 9, 21 
Bentley brook, 81 
Berebroke, 34 
" Birds of Cheshire," 60 
Blakeacre, 6 
Bobenhull, 10, 20 
Bolehull, 6, 16 
" Bolles," 4 

Bonsall, 80 ; the parson of, 53 
Bradwall and Brough, 88 
Brigstock, 106 
Basset, John, 6 ; Will., 49, 75 



ii6 



PERSONS. 

Bate, Anthony, 55 ; Peter, 73 ; 

Rob., 72. 
Bateman, 108 
Bateman, Rob., 67 
Bayle, Ric, 34 
Bawdon, Geo., 74; Tho., 74 
Bavnbridge (or brigge), Rob., 66, 

68, 71, 72. 75 
Beard, Will., 75 
Bele, Margery, 2 
Benedict, Biscop, 107 
Bennet, John, 69; Miles, 69; Tho., 

69 
Bentley, Ed., 75; John, 55 
Berdhalgh, John, 9 
Beresford, Aden, 50, 54, 74; Cleo., 

71 ; Henry, 52, 55 
Beyley, Ed., 66 
Beynbrige, Rob., 49 
Blakwell, Will., 20 
Blackwall, Ric, 74; Will, 49 
Bockinge, Ralphe, 89 
Bolar (or er), Rob., 2, 14, 15 
Boote, Will., 66 
Booth, Nich., 69 
Borgone, Elisot, 7 
Borgoyne, Roger, 4, 14 
Borough, John, 27 
Boterals, John de, 19, 21 ; Rob., 
19, 20 ; Roger de, 2, 3, 4, i4> 
15, 18, 28, 30; Will., 9 
Botham, Will., 50, 55 
Boturhales, Rob., 24 

Bourne del, John, 13; Rob., 13; 
ThuTstan, 2, 12, 13, 15 

Bower, John, 69 

Bowley, Rob., 66 

Boyd Dawkins, Prof., 99 

Bradbury, Geo., 71 ; Hugh de, 14 

Bradshaw, Francis, 88, 89 ; Peter, 
89; Will., 68, 70 

Bradwine, Will., 52, 56 

Bredbury, Hugh de, 14 

Brelesford, John, 52 

Brent Knoll, Ric, 27; Rob.. 29 

Brodbotham, Tho. de, 15, 22 

Bromhall, Rob., 70 

Brough, Will., 4 

Brownlow, John, 71 

Brownell, Tho., 66 

Bruckhowse, Rob., 53 

Brunt, ffrancis, 68 

Bullock, Ed., 52 ; John, 48, 55, 68 
75"; James, 52 

Burg, Will del, 10 

Burgilon, Rog., 10 



PLACES AND SUBJEC'S. 

British Museum, 77, 83 

Brixworth, 106 

Erode Close, 38 

Bromley, 2r ; -field, 36 

Bromeclyff, 4, 20 

Bronze Age, 43 

Brough, 112 

Brygefurlong, 34, 37 

Bubnell, 34; Dale, 38; Mill, 36 

Buckerdale Close, 38 

Bunteshale, 78, 81 

Butterals Close, 34 , . , 

Buxton, 112; British Archceological 

Meeting at, 108 
Buzzard, 58 



INDEX. 



117 



PERSONS. 

Burgon, John, 18 f Rog., 4, 8, 12 

Burnell, Ed., 75 

Burton, John de, Vicar of Bawke- 

well, 12 
Busswell, Geo., 71 



PL.A.CES .AND SUBJECTS. 



0. 



Cade, Jack, 26, 28 

Calton, Hen., 73 

Calvor (or vour), Cecilia de, 11, 

16; Will., II, 17 
Campion, James, 70 
Carrington, Rob., 69 
Cartwright, Arthur, 52 
Carye, S' E^, K', 56, 57 
Cavendish (or dishe), Hen., 75 ; 

Will., 52, 56, 63, 64, 75, 76 
Chadwick, Humphrey, 73 
Challesworth, Nich., 70 
Chapman, James, 67; John, 15; 

Patrick, 51 
Chapman, Will le, de Evam, 85 
Chinley, Will, de, 17, i8,' 19 
Cholmeley, John, 74 
Clarence, Duke of, 27 
Clarck, Godfrey, 52 
Clarke, John, 68 
Charlton, Tho., 69 
Clerk, Cecil, 6 ; John, 9, 2^, 25 
Clerke, Will., 17 
Cley, John, 49 
Cobb (or Cobbe), Alice, 25; Rog., 

24 
Cockayne, Ed., 71, 72 
Cocke (or Cok), Ed., 74 ; John, 23, 

37, 38; Roger, 9 
Cocken, S' Tho., K', 49 
Cokke (or Cooke), Francis, 72, 73 ; 

John, 10, 27, 28 ; Rob', 52 
Collegde, Will., 49 
Colepepper, James, 73 
Columbell, Roger, 50, 75, 76 
Colyer, Cecil, 23 
Comitas, John, 22 
Constable & Co., 40 
Contasse, John, 20 
Cootlowe, John, 25 
Corbett, Ric, 71 
Cosour, Elena, 22 
Coupland, Hen. de, 2 ; Margerv, 2 
Courfur, Elena de, 15 
Creswell, Anthony, 70 ; Ed., 70 
Cox, Dr. Charles, 78, 107 
Crane, Ann, 74 



Calvore bridge, 30 
Canada Nursery, 80 
Cawdor Quarries, 40, .^5 
Chapel-en-le-Frith, 109 
Chatsworth, 33, 38 
Corborgh (or Coiborowe), 9 
Comb Moss, Earthwork on, 

Chalkley Gould. 108-114 
Cromford, 80 
Cronkesforland, 6 
Crow, Carrion, 60 
Crumforde, 81 
Curburg, 21 



bv I. 



iNDtX. 



Cudy, Rob., 15 
Cundy, Christopher, 72 
Cune, Rob., 37, 38 
Cytwell, Rob., 49 



PLACES AND SUBJECTS. 



D. 



Daken, Geo., 64 

Dale, John, 25 ; Rich., 49, 68 ; 

Zouch, 68 
Dalleson, Nic, 27, 32 
Dawson, John, 7, 38 ; Hen., 12 

13 ; Nic, 17, 18, 20, 21, 32 : 

Rob., 27 ; 'Will., 24 
Deane, Will., 63, 64; jun., 64 
Dervyle, Christ. , 29; Roger, 31 
Dethick, Humfrey, 54 
Devvsnopp, Will., 64, 69 
Dickenson, Will., 74 
Dillon, Anthony, 70 
Doume, Hen., 27, 30 ; John, 27 
Doune, Ric, priest, ^2 
Dudley, Rev. H. T., 100 



Darley (or Derelic), 80, 81 

Dawkyn Waste, 33 

Denarius, silver, of Domitian, 102 

Depedale, 17 

Depositions re trespass, H. Furness 

V. R. Eyre, by C. E. B. Bowles, 

87-89 
'■ Deppedale Wode," 11 
" Derbyshire Times," 40 
Derecroft, 34, 37 ; pasture, 38 
Derwent River, 30, 41, 80 
Dethick and Lea (Lede), So, Si 
Dinting, 90 
Dionisius (or Dionis atte Wode), 8, 

26 
Dillifield (or Dyllefeld), 21, 22, 37 
Dodwode, 6 
Domesday Survey, 77 
Dykestone hille, 35 



E. 



Eagyle, John, 23 

Edniondson, Mrs. Constance, 48 

Eliot, John, 21, 29; Thorn., 22 

Elles'jn, Roger, 23 

Elotte, John, 28 ; Henry, 30 ; 
Thurstan, 32 

Evre, Adam, 52, 55 ; Gervase, 74 ; 
Michael, 74; Ric, 29, 31, 67; 
Rob., 31, 51, 52, 71, 87 ; Thom., 
49, 71, 74; Ladv Catherine of 
Hassop, 37, 38; Rowland, 71, 72, 

73. 74. 75 
Eyrn, John of, 19 



Early Defensive Earthwork en Comb 
Moss, by I. Chalkley Gould, 
108-114. 

Eggington Heath, 59 

Essovre, 80. 

Etwall Heath, 59 

Eyam, 83 



F. 



ffawne. Will., 73 
flfeelding, Mrs., 49 
fferrers, John, K', 68; Walter, 66, 
67 



Farcy's Derbyshire, 79 
Farley (or leie), 80, 81 
" Feppingum," 107 



INDEX. 



PERSONS. 



66; Hugh 



Ffisher, Geo., 29; Hen 

le, 6; Thorn., 73 
ffitzharbart, ffrancis, 55 
ffletcher, Ric, 50, 53 
ffoliambe (or Foliambe), Ed. K' 14 • 
Godfrey, 3, 8, 26,49; Hen.,' 74;' 
Inom., 14 '^' 

ffolow (or owe). Will, de, 1 10 u 
J4. 17, i8 J' > , 

ffowler, Thorn., 68; Will., 68 
nrancis, John, 48, c. 
ffitche, Thorn., 75 
ffremer, Ralph, 5 
ffremon, James, 7 
ffrechwell, Mrs., 49 
ffretwell, John, 76; Roger, 52 
ffretchwille, Peter, 54 
ffroggote. Will, de, 14 
ffron. Will, de, 4 
ffullwood, ffrancis, 72 ; Geo -2 
Ffyssher, Geo., 29 ' ^ 

Fiennes Celia, 108 
Finan, b. of Lindisfarne, 107 
Fitzherbert, Anthony, 73 
Fitzhubert, Ralph, 80 
Fowler, Adam le, 18; Will 7, 
Fox, Dominus, Ed., Chaplain, 34 
Freeman, Ric, 85 '^ • ot 

Furniss, Hen., 87 



iiy 



PL.ACES AND SUBJECTS. 



ffarndale (or delves), 7 
flerne collecting, 38 
" fiithyel," 7 

Forland in Bobenhull, 2n 
Fulling Mill, 7 



G. 



Gamele, Will., 6 

Gargreave, Rob., 73 

Garlicke, Geo., 70 

Gee, Henry, 67; Thorn., 70 

Geldacre Henrv de, 85 

George, Earl of Shrewsbury, :ic ,7 

Gejrard, Tho.,66, 67, 75;Eliz.', 72 

Gilbert, Ann, 68 

Giles, John, 27 

Gill George, 54 ; Will., 54 ; Philip, 7^ 

Gisborne, Rev. Francis, 59 ; Thorn. 

66 '' 

Gloshop, Rob', 25 
Glossop, Robl., 72 89 
Gomfrey,Richrf, 13; Thorn., i, 
Goodwyne, ffrancis, 67; Roger -7 

74 S ' '-3' 

Goton, Will., 25 
Greaves, C. John, 51 
Greene, Ric, 55 



" Gem of the Peak," 77 --S 

Geological Survey Memoir on N 
JJerbv, J 13 

Geological Survey Memoir on Stock- 
port District, 113 
" Gogstes," I 
Goldfinch, 61 
Great Hucklowe, 88 
Greneway, 21; in Baselowe, 24 
Greyhull-flat, 5 
Grinlow, barrows of, 42 
Gristelfeld (or Grvsteleyffeld), 20 
r, 34' 37 ' ' ' 

Guild of S. Marv (Baslow), 4, ,8 

Gurgit a," 32 



INDEX. 



Gregorie, Hen., 27 ; John, 27 ; 

Robt., 27, 30, 35 
Gregory, Rog., 33, 37 ; Will., 23 
Gregorye, Thos., 27 
Gregson, Wm., 64 
Grendelford, Philip de, 17 
Gresley, Thomas, 49 ; George, 67, 

71 
Gryffis, Isolda del, 15 
Grygge, Thorn., 10 
Grymbald, John, 17, 18, i>j 
Gugate, John, 26 



PLACES AND SUBJECTS. 



H 



Ilabergham, Rog., 32 

Hadfield, John, 69 

Hallingworth, Will, of Bubnell. 37 

Hanson, Richard, 68 

Hardy, Rob', 53 

Haregreyne (or greyve), John, 35, 37 

Harpur, John, 48, 55. 66, 69, 75 ; 

Eliz., 69; Henry, 66; Rich., 71, 

72 
Harris, W", 67 ; Rob', 73 
Harrison, John, 27, 73 ; Thos., 35 
Hart, John, 28 
Hasalam, Henrv, 37 
Haslarn, Rob', 75 
Hastings, Lady Sara, 67 : 
Havringhani, Hen., 27 
Hawe, Richard del, 85 
Haverfield, Mr., 95 
Haye, Nich., del, 12, 
Hayward, Tho\ 27, 38 
Heathcote, Robt. de, 

66 

Hebdon (or Hebedon), Rich., 4, 18 
Hekedon (or Hykedon), Rich., 3, n 
Hendman (or Hendeman) John, 

23. 38 
Herlaston, John de, i 
Hert, John, 27 
Hervy, Ibote, 4 
Heyward, Hen., 27 
Hethcote, Rob de, 17 
Higget, Rowland, 67 
Hikdon, Ric, 17, r8 
Hill, W™,67 



Walter, 7T 



14, 15 
Will., 27 
17 ; Godfrey, 



Haked (or Hackedwode), 4 8, 29, 

35 
Haddon, Chapel Of, 20 
Haddonffrith, 5 ; Nether, 5, 7 
Hamsoken (or socen), 29 
Hanwelldale (or Hangwelldale) fflat, 

6 
Hard Knott Castle, 95, 96 
Harleston, 20 
Harthullclif, 5, 7 
Harweldale-medewe, 5 
Haslebadge, 88 
Hassop, 38 

Hastings, Battle of, 47 
Haugh, le, 8 
Hatfield, 104 
Hawk-sparrow, 59 
Headman, 26 
Heights of Abraham, 78 
Held, I.e, 8 
Henshawe, 4 
Hoggefeld, 4, 22 
Hogkynfeld, 25 
Homesoken, 29 
" Horrible Discoveries at Matlock," 

40 
Howden Chest, 60 
Hucklowe, 88 
" Hue and Cry," 29 
Hychecroft, 25 
Hyelowe, 88 



PERSONS. 

Hobbeson, Rich., 17 

Hobson, John, 9, 22, 25; Thom., 

9, 22 
Hogekynson, John, 23; Geo., 68 
Hogson, Will., 25 
Hokdon, Ric, 14 
Holling\vorth, Tho^, 73 
Hope, Philip dc, 85 
Hopkinson, Anthony, 67 
Horsle}-, John, 26 ; Milicent de, 2, 

3. 4. lo 
HoTseley, Thom., 27 
Horton, Thom., 29; Walt., 71; 

Will., 28 
Hoult, Edward, 51 
Howard of Glossop, Lord, 99 
Howden, Henry, 51 
Huklow, Will of, 2 
Hunlocke, Henn,-, 74 
Hyde, Geo., 74 
Hyndeman, Rob', 25 
Hyndemon, John, 25 ; Tho^, 32 
Hyngeman, John, 34 



PL.\CES .\ND SUBJECTS. 



I. 



Ilsley, Thomas, 53 

Ireton, German, 67, 70 ; W"', 74 

Irvine, J. T., 105 



Ibeholon (or Ible), 78, Si 
Ireland. 61 



Jackson, Roger, 10; George, 53 

Jasson, Symon, 67 

Jeffeson, Rob", 16, iS 

Jesson, Rob', 3 

Jewitt, LI., 78 

John, Earl of Shrewsbury, 27 

Johnson, Will., 25 



'■ Jack a,' 28 
Jakflatt, 20 
Jay, 60 



Kendall, Henry, 49 

Kirke, Charles, 69 ; Peter, 67 ; 

Tho^, 69 
Kirkham, Anthony, 66 
Kirklond, Richard, 49, 74 
Knyveton, Tho% 49, 68, 75 ; Gilb', 

66; Reginald, 74; Will., 53, 54, 56 
Kutton, Rob', 38 



Kestrel, 58 
Kite, 59 
Knowlestone Place, Si 



Labbot, Rob., 17, 18, 19 

Langford, Nichols, 56, 75 

Leaper, Clement, 75 

Leche, Geo., 38; Matilda, 8; 
Philip, 33, 34; Ralph, 3, 4, 12, 
16, 18, 19; Rich., 27, 29; Will, 21 

Leek, John, 23 

Leeke, ffrancis, Mrs., 50; ffrancis, 

55' 75 
Leicester, Abbot of, 5, 7 
Leigh, Thorn., 49 
Levet, Roger, 32 
Levinge, Thorn., 68 
Leyr, Henry, of Midleton, 15 
Leyun, Eustace de, 85 
Litton, Henry de, 15 ; Will., 73 
Longe, John, 49 
Longford, Nich., 71 
Lord, John, 68 
Low, Thurstan, 37 
Lowe, Geo., 69 
Ludlow, Christopher, 72 
Lyome, Rob., 31 
Lyster, Ric, 70 
Lytton, Henry de, 15 ; Ric, 14 



PLACES AND SUBJFXTS. 

Ladyholm, 6 

Ladylye 

Lea, 81 

Lead mines, 7 

" Le Corke," 27 

Lede, 81 

" Ledzates," 3 

" Le Flattes," 37 

Leggerhouse, 4 

Le Haugh, 4 

" Leppe a," 18 

" Le Prestes-zerd,'"' 16 

Leverston 

" Limes, ' The, 94 

Lincoln, Roman Gate at, 95 

Lychemere, 32 

Lynelech (or Lynelegh, or Lynnlye) 

4, 22 
Lysons, 77 
Lyttyll Toft, 34 
Lyttyll Wodecroft, 34 



M. 



Machon, Raynald, 4 

Malcane (or Mulcane), John del, 

17. 19 

Malcome, John de, 11 

Malderych, Rob., 23 

Malton, John, 71 

Malyn, Will., 34 

Manners, John, 48, 50, 51, 56, 57, 76 

Mapleton, Henry, parson of Bond- 
sale, 13 

Marchinton, Margaret de, 5; Sir 
Thomas de, 7 

Marryott, John, 70 ; Tho', 70 

Marshall, John, 22 

Mather, Will., 28 

Matley, John, 38 

Mawe, John, 8 

Mellor, Ed., -^i; John, 9; Rob., 14, 
68; Rog., 23; ThoS 76 

Merchelond, Rog., 25 

Merry, John, 49; Henry and 
Agnes, 54 



Madecroft (or Maddecroft), 34, 37 

" Magna Britannia," 77 

Magpie, 60, 61 

Maiden Castle, 109 

Maltby, Soke of, 

Manchester, go, 112 

Marchal, 12 

Martinmas, 7 

Masson Hill, 79 

Matlock, 40, 41, 77; Bath, 78; 

Bridge Station, 40 
Medowplet, 7 
Meduplot, 5 

Megdale Farm, 40, 41 ; Vault, 47 
" Melandra Castle," by John Gar- 

stang, 90-98 
Merlin, 59 
Mersmedewe, 6 
Meslach, 78, 81 
" Mestesforde, the Lost Manor of," 

by Benj. Brvan, 77-82 



I 



123 



PERSONS. 

Metliam, Sir Tho' de, ii 

Meveral (or Meverell), Joan, 15; 

Jolin, 22., 23 
Micklethwaite, J. T., 105 
Miine, Will, 34 
Milner, Thom. le, 4, 16, 17, 18, 19, 

27; Will., 18, 19 
Mondav, Edward, 51 
More, Tho^ 71 ; W"", 75 
Moore, Ed., 74 
Morteyne, Eustace de, 83 
Mosley, Sir Oswald, 59 
Moseley, Thomas, 49 
Motelow, John, 26 
Mower, George, 67; Wm., 71 
Moxon, Dr., 41, 43 
Mulcane, John de, 14 
Mullener, Thorn., n 
Mulner, Tho., 4; Will., 8 
Munday, John, 68 
Myllward, Henry, 56, 73 



PLACES AND SUBJECTS. 

" Middle Angles," 107 
Mottram Church, 90 
Mouselow, 91 
Mulnelandes, 5 



N. 



Needham, ffrancis, 67 

Newbold, Ric, 34, 37 

Newbould, Geo., 72 

Newton, The', 54 ; Rob', 69, 70 

Noble, Rob', i ; Will., i 

North, Alice, 29; James, 3, 11, 14; 

Roger, 29 
North, John, sen., 7, 14, 17, 21 ; 

jun., 8, 21, 23; James, 3, 11, 14; 

Roger, 23, 27, 30 ; Will. 24 
Northwood, John, 24 
Nolte, Rob' "2 



Nesterside, 78 

Nestes, 78 

Nestesforde, 78 

Nestor Mine, 78 

Nestus, 78 

Nether Haddon, 48 

Norfolk, 61 

Nytebuttes, 6 

New Zealand, pa., 112 



Orme, Ric'', 27 
Oserynne, John, iS 
Osteller, Henry le, 15 
Ovyns, Michael, 70 
Owtram, John, 52 



o. 



Offerton als Awferton, 87, 88 
Ordnance Map. No. II., 11, 90 
Ordnance Survey, 1836-64, 41 
" Ornithology of Derbyshire " Rev. 

F. C. R. Jourdain, 58-62 
Ovage (or Ovagium), I2gg Rent, 7 
Owls, 59, 60 
Oxheyer, 7 



124 



Padfield, W™, 69 
Palmer, John, 73 
Parker, John, 36, 37, 50; Geo., K', 

71 ; Rich., 45,47 ; Sam., 68 ; 

Will., 68 
Partriker (or Patrykhunter), Adam le, 

12, 14, 15, 16; Elena, wife of, 15 
Passelew (or low). Will., 23 
Paton, Joan, 32 ; Rich'', 23, 25, 32 
Paynton (or Poynton), Thorn., 25 
Pegg, Christopher, 72 
Peckham, Geo., 68 
Peniston (or Penyston), Felicia, 21 ; 

Henry, 20; John, 17, 24, 25, 26, 

36 ; iun., 30 ; Rich*^, 9 
Peryns, John, 72 
Pethell, ThoS 35 
Pighells, ThoS 28, 29 
Pillesley, John, 19, 20 
Pilkington, 59 
Pirke, Will, del, 17 
Plumpton, Rob de, K', 22; S^Will., 

K', 27 
Pole, Hen. de la, 5 
Ponnton, Tho% 26, 74 
Poole, Edward, 71, 73, 74; Henry, 

73. 75 ; German, 73 
Pope, John, 11; Roger, 9, 17, ib, 

19, 23; Tho^, 16, 17; Will., 2, 8, 

10, 14, 17, 18, 19 
Porter, Arthur, 49 
Powtrell, Walter, 50, 54 
Poynton, Tho^, Ale-taster, 20 
Proude, W'". le, del Fowlowe 

(Foolow, nr. Eyam), 84 
Pyme, Edward, 68, 74 



PLACES AND SUBJECTS. 

Peak, The, 42 

Pedigree of the Stafford family, 86 

Peregrine Falcon, 61 

Pesegrenes, 6 

Piebrige Meadows, 38 

Pinfalder, 32 

Pipgrenes (or pippegrenes), 5, 6, 7 

Pippgroves, 6 

Polecat, 62 

Porterflat, 5 

Prsetorium, Melandra Castle, 96, 
loi, 102 

" Pre-historic Burial Place at Meg- 
dale, by John Ward, F.S.A., 
40-47 

" Prestes-zerd le," 16 

" Priests' Weir, a," 30 

Proceedings re consanguinity of two 
of the Staffords of Evam, bv Chas. 
E. B. Bowles, 83-86' 

Pyggeburgmedew, 26 



Q. 



Quon (or Quordburg), 12, 17 
Qwytfeld (Whitfield), 13 



R. 



Radford, Geo., 53, 55 ; Peter, 66 

Ragge, Margery, 29 ; Rich , 32 

Ratcliffe, Gilbert, 73 

Rattcliffe, Hugh, 66 

Raworth, Geo., 71 

Revell (vill or vyll), John, 27, 29, 33, 

52; Hugh, 52, 54; Geo., 50 
Reylow, John de, 2 
Richard II., II 
Robbinson ats Randall, 68 
Rooke, Major, III 
Rodes, John, 50, 56 



Raptorial Birds, 59 

Rasteres (?), 6 

" Rasyng and Pulling,'" 30 

Raven, 60 

Records of the County of Derby, by 

W. A. Carrington, 6376 
Reddebonk, ;};} 
Red-legged Partridge, 61 
Redschethes, 6 
Rental, an undated, 7 



INDEX. 



I2S 



PERSONS. 

Roper, Rob', 74 
Rowland, Rob', 55 
Rowlandson, John, 64 
Roworthe, Will., 29 
Rudyard, John, 26, 28 
Rugeley, Johanna, &c., 15 
" Rupe, de," Abbot, 5 
Ryley, John de, 20 ; Rob', 67 



PLACES AND SUBJECTS. 

Report of the excavations at 
Melandra Castle, 1889-1900, by 
R. Hanmett, 99-104 

Repton Church, most recent dis- 
coveries in, by F. C. Hipkins, 
U.A., F.S.A., 105-107 

Repton Crypt, 105 

Riber, 82 

Ribchester, Roman Station at, loi 

Robbinson als Randall, 68 

Roddenetts, 30 

RoUesley, 5 

Roman Legions, 47 

Rooks, 62 

Royal Aids for the County of Derby 
(W. A. Carrington), 48-57 

Rutland Cavern, 78 



Sacheverell (or euverell), Henry, 51, 

55, 68, 75 ; ThoS 73 
Sadeler (or Saddler), Rob', 3, 11, 

17, 21 
Sainter, Mr., "Rambles round 

Macclesfield," in, 113 
Sale, Mr. Rich., Parson of Weston, 

53. S7> 72 
Sales, W", 71 
Salt, Mr., 42 
Saunders, Thomas, 53 
Savage, John, 75, 76 
Schawghe (Shaw), John le, 23 
Schether, John le, 6 
Schylley, Will., 2 
Sclater (or Slater), xpor, 50, 54 
Seebohm, H., " British Birds," 60 
Selar (or Seller), John, 28, 29, 34 ; 

Will., 29, 31 
Selyocke, W'", 74 
Semper, Edmund, 75 
Shallcrosse, Leonard, 48, 54 
Shalton, Tho', and John, 2 
Shaw, John, 33 ; Tho'', 28 
Shemel, Rob', 30 
Shepperd, John, 6 
Sherbrooke, Rob', de, i 
Shrewsbury, John, Earl of, 27 ; 

Gilbert, 68 ; George, 74, 75 
Shyrley, John, 69 
Slacke (Clarke?), Adam, 73 
Sleigh, Edward, 67 ; Edmund, 72 ; 

Gervase, 73 
Small, Humphrey, 52 
Smalley, Anthony, 72 ; Geo., 72 



" Salett," 28 

Samian Ware, 100 

Scotland, 61 

Sea-eagle, 60 

Shollebrodes, 35 

Short-eared Owls, 60 

Shotton, 88 

Sinitretone, 78, 8r 

Sparrow Hawk, 59 

Stanton Medewe, 6 

Starkholmes, 82 

Stokeholes, 30 

Stokkyng, 7 

Stonehall, 20 

Stonehallelone, 7 

Stoneyfeld, 4, 8, r7 

Stonyflat, 6 

Stoop High-edge, Barrow of, 42 

Stopping, 5 

" Strangles," 14 

Suffolk, 61 

Sweteacre Medewe, 6 



126 



Smith, ThoS 70, 73; Ed., 72; 

Henry, 74; Rob', 76 
Smyld, Will., 2 
Smylter, Joan Ic, 15 
Smyth, Ed., 50, 55; Hugh le, 6; 

John le, 2, 3, 18; Chaplain, 12; 

Nich., 70; Thomas le, 6 
Smythe, W"', 66 
Seller, John and Will., 22, 27 
Somers, Geo., 72 
Spencer, Rob», 50 
Staceve, Will., 27 
Stafford, Richard de Eyam, 83; 

Humphry, 83 ; Isabella, 83 ; 

Matilda, Ingeram, 84; Lecia, 84 
Staley, Rich'', 33 ; Mary, 55 
Stanhopp, Philip, K', 68 
Staveley, John, 52 
Steere,'john, 71 
Stevenson, .xpor, 52 ; John 63 
Stone, W'"., 68 
Strelley, Geo., 68; Anthony, 71; 

Gervase, 71 
Stubbinge, Geo., 67 
Sugden, W., 50, 51 
Sutton, Geo., 56 
Swan, Ric, 11, 14; Roger, 21 
Svttwell, Rob., 54 



PLACES AND SUBJECTS. 



Taborrer, Rob', 67 ; ThoS 67 
Taillour, Henry, 11, 12, 14, 17, 19; 

John, 2, 10, II, 14, 17. J9 
Talbot, Christr., 23 
Taylor, Dvoclesian, 10; Henry, 8; 

John, 8; ThoS 72 
Thaylour, Henry, 8 
Thomson, John, 25 
Tibbeson, Ralph, 18 
Tirwitt, Marmaduke, 74 
Tomlinson, W"-, 67 
Trott, Baptist, 71, 72 
Trycket, S-^ Henry, 

Marston, 53, 55 
Trygge, Thos., 26 
Tune, Rob', 34, 35 
Turner, Michael, 75 



Vicar of 



Tansley (in Crich), 80 

Tatyngton (Taddington), 13 

Teneslege, 78, 80 

Throwley Place, 13 

Tideswell, 12; or Tyddeswell, 13 

Torshurst (or Tourehurst), 3, 8, 22 

Tottenley, 34 

" Troutsperes," 30 

Tufted duck, 61 

Turtle-dove, 61 



Urton, John, 71 



u. 



Umberley Broke, 35 
Utterhagh, 30 



127 



V. 



Vernon, Juliana de, 2, 3 ; Lady 
Johanna de, 10 ; Lord de, 4, 16 ; 
S'. Henry, 28, 31, 35; Lord 
Richard, 8, 26; Will., 25; S' 
Will., K', 23, 26 

Vescy (or Vessey), Roger, 10, 23 

Vicars Humphrey, 70 

Villiers, Tho', 51 



PLACES AND SUBJECTS. 
Vernon's Acre, 6 



w. 



Wagstaff, W", 70 

Walche, John, 6 

Walchemon, Raynold, 2 

Wales, John de, 23 

Walkdene, Ric, Chaplain, 13 

Walker, Tho^, 53, 55, 70; Ed., 70; 

Wallton, Mr. Archdeacon John, 55 

Watkinson, John, 52 

Watkyn, Will., 27 

W^atson, Rob', 2, 3, 4, 12, 16 

Webster, Rob', 4; Will le, 2, 14, 17 

Wenslev (or Wennesley), S'' Tho^ 

de, 3 
Werden, W™, 72 
Weatcroft (or Whetecroft), Joan de, 

15 ; Roger, 25, 26, 27, 28, 29, 30, 

3I) .35 
Whey, John (?), 66 
White, Will., Chaplain, 37, 55 
Whitehall, Rob', 75 
Wigley, Geo., 73; Ralph, 73 
Whitt'akers, W"', 74 
Wilfrid, -S'., of York, 107 
W'ilkenson, Rog., 23 
Willoughbie, Michaell, 49 
Willson, Hen., 71 
Win field, Tho^ 67 
Wode, Dionis de, 3 
Wodehouse, Roger de, 23 
Wolley, Adam, 52, 55, 73, 77 
W^ollow, Thomas de, 2 
Wolstancroft (or Wolstencroft), 

Oliver, 23 ; Ulmericus, 9 
Wood, Geo., 70, 89; Rob., 66; 

Roger, 34, 37 
Woollhowse, Rob'., 55 
W^ombwell, W'", 68 
W'ornehill, Roger de, 15 



Wallecliffe, 8 

Wallheade, at Abney, 87 

War Hill, 90 

Watclyf, 4 

Watcroft, 6 

Welleford, 24 

Welleyshagh, 18 

Wensley and Snitterton, 80 

Weyfeld (or Wyfelde), 21, 23 

Whiteley, 36 

Wild Birds' Protection Act, 58 

Wilderspool, Roman Station at, 102 

Willersley, 82 

Wing, 106 

Winster, Parish Church of, 84 

Wirksworth, 81 

Wodnesleie, 78, 81 

Wolleyschagh (or shawe), 4, 8, xi 



128 



PERSONS. 

Wright, Alice le, of Calver, 12; 

Henry, 23, 26 ; John, 27 ; 

Laurence, 67 ; Roger, 26 
Wyld, Thos., 27 
Wyllymote, Rob', 70 
Wyn, Sir Will., Knight, 3, 5, 7, 21, 

27 



PLACES .AND SUBJECTS. 



Yeaveley, George, 52 
Yonge, Felicia, 12 ; John, 12 
Voule, John, 50 



Yoredale Grits, 113 



JB1ZMAY1935 



BEMROSE AND SONS, LIMITED, PRINTERS, DERBY AND LONDON. 



OCM . 

<\ £7MAY1935 



VOL. XXIV. 1902. 




Journal 



OP THE 



^RCHJEOLOGICJIL 



AND 



Natural History 

OCIfiTY. 







FB.INTED POR THE SOCIETY BY 

BEMROSE & SONS. LIMITED, 4, SNOW HILL, LONDON; 

AND DERBY. 






JOURNAL 

or THE 

2)erb^sbire Hrcb^ological 

AND 

NATURAL HISTORY SOCIETY 

ErUTED BY 

W. J. ANDREW, F.S.A. 



VOL. XXIV 



APRIL I 902 



Printed for the Society by 

BEMROSE & SONS LTD. 4 SNOW HILL LONDON E.G. 
AND DERBY 



CONTENTS. 



TlSSINGTON WeLL-DrESSING. 

By Mrs. Meade-Waldo i 

Extract from a Letter of Nicholas Hardinge, written in 
1758, upon the same. 

By the Rev. Regd. H. C. FitzHerbert - - - - 4 

Subsidy for the Hundred of Scarsdale — 1599. 

By W. a. Carrington 5 

Mam Tor, near Castleton. 

By I. Chalkley Gould 27 

Concerning the Commons and Waste Lands in various Town- 
ships IN the High Peak. 

By Charles E. B. Bowles 32 

A Lease of Bradshaw Hall and Lands, in lieu of a Will, 
from William Bradshawe to Henry his son and heir — 
1478. 

By Charles E. B. Bowles 42 

Proceedings prior to the Divorce of Godfrey Bradshawe 
AND Margaret Howe — 1554. 

By Charles E. B. Bowles 44 

The Recent Discovery of Gravestones at St. Peter's 
Church, Derby. 

By George Bailey 48 

Deeds, &c.. Enrolled, County of Derhy. 

By W. a. Carrington 57 

The State of Repton Manor from the Reign of Henry I. 
TO that of Henry V. 

By the Rev. F. C. Hipkins, F..S.A. .... 68 

A Derbyshire Brawl in the j5th Century. 

By Henry Kirke 78 

The Chartulary of the Abbey of Dale. 

By the Rev. J. Charles Cox, LL.D., F.S.A, • • 82 



CONTENTS — continued. 

The Ancient Font of Smalley Church. 

By Percy H. Currey, Hon. Secretary - - -151 

Reviews and Notices of New Books — 
Early Renaissance Architecture in Derbyshire. 

By the Rev. J. Charles Cox, LL.D., F.S.A. - -153 

Some Derbyshire Fonts 163 

Ramblings of an Antiquary — The Old Hall at Mickleover 169 
Editorial Notes — 
Natural History and Recent Discoveries of Pre-historic 

Mammalian Remains in Derbyshire .... 172 

Discovery of a Neolithic Celt on Rowarth Moor - - 172 

The Pursglove Brass at Tideswell 173 

Excavations at Arbor Low i73 

The Five Wells Tumulus, Miller's Dale ... - 174 



PROCEEDINGS OF THE SOCIETY. 

List of Officers ii 

Hon. Secretary's Report iv 

Balance Sheet viii 

Rules x 

List of Members xii 

Catalogue of Books and Pamphlets in the Society's Library xviii 



ILLUSTRATIONS. 



PAGE 

TissiNGTON Well-Dressing. The Hall Well - - facing i 

Plan of Mam Tor, Castleton 26 

Bradshaw Hall, Chapel-en-le-Frith facing 42 

Fac-Simile of a Page from the Chartulary of Dale Abbey ,, 82 

Fac-Simile of a Thirteenth Century Deed of Dale Abbey ,, 150 

Frieze of the Foljambe Tomb (1592), Chesterfield Church - 155 

Stone corner Chimney-piece, Bolsover 158 

Barlborough House 159 

Gateway of Old Hall, Highlow, near Hathersage - - 160 

Terrace Steps of the Old Hall at Evam - - - - 161 

Font at Youlgreave 163 

Font at Winster - 164 

Font at Ashbourne 165 

Font at Bakewell 166 

Font at Tideswell 167 

Leaden Font at Ashover 167 

The Old Hall at Mickleover, near Derby - - - facing 169 

Inscription on the Lintel, Mickleover Hall - - - - 169 

Fireplace, Mickleover Hall 170 

Mantelpiece, Mickleover Hall - 170 




TissiNGTON Well-dressing. The Hall AVell. 



KKBYSHIKB IrCH^OLOGICAL 



AND 



Satural Mistorv Society. 



■^ 




By Mrs. Meade-Waldo. 



jN these days of change, when so many things which 

link the present with the past are being swept aside 

and forgotten, and the old speech, the old customs, 

are becoming rarer every day, it may be appropriate 

to give some account of the well-dressing which takes place 

every year at Tissington, and hazard an attempt to show how 

It may have come down to us from the very remote past a 

legacy from our predecessors who, two thousand or more years 
ago, peopled the hills and valleys of this country of ours, and 
rejoiced over the bountiful supply of good water, as do their 
successors at Tissington to-day. 

On Ascension Day, or, as it is often called in these part.s, 
Holy Thursday, the wells at Tissington are all decorated. 
Frames made of thin board are filled with clay, and on this 
foundation all kinds of designs are worked in flowers, berries, 
and lichens. Mottoes, elaborate borders, even pictures, are to 
be seen. At the well-dressing in 1900 one well had a medallion 
portrait of the Queen, who.se birthday fell on Ascension Day 
that year, and another had a view of Wind.sor Castle. This 
VOL. XXIV. 



2 TISSINGTON WELL-DRESSING. 

last was worked out almost entirely with elder catkins and 
grey lichens, and was very effective. The same wells have for 
years been decorated by the same families, and great pride 
is taken in the execution of the various designs. 

There are five wells, called respectively the Hall Well, 
opposite to the Hall, and only separated from the front gate 
by the road which runs through the village; the Coffin Well, 
so called from its suggestive shape; Hand's Well, named after 
the family of Hand, who lived at the adjacent farm for some 
two hundred years; the Town Well; and the Yew Tree Well. 
This last name is quite modern; the w^ell used to be called 
Goodwin's Well, from a family of that name who, till forty 
or fifty years ago, owned, and lived in, the house close by. 

After a service in the Church, the clergy, choir, and congre- 
gation go in procession to the wells. At each, a portion of 
Scripture is read, or a Psalm chanted, and a hymn sung. At 
the last well the hymn is usually the " Old Hundredth," and 
then the Benediction is pronounced, and the crowd disperses. 

Everyone in the village keeps open house for his friends. 
Neighbours from all the country side come for the festival, 
and the day is observed as a holiday. Farm servants in the 
district used always to stipulate, when hired, for leave to 
attend the well-dressing. It is interesting to observe that, 
unlike the " wakes " in most parts of the country, which have 
degenerated into mere pleasure fairs, this festival has never 
lost its religious character. The service in the Church and 
the procession with its Psalms and hymns form the principal 
part of the day's celebrations, and even now, when railways 
bring more strangers into the village to see the decorations 
at the wells, they, when Joining in the procession, catch some 
of the reverent and attentive demeanour of those who, all their 
lives, have been used to look on the well-dressing as a religious 
festival. Long may the pretty old custom retain the simple 
religious character which now marks it! 

Everjthing regarding the origin of the well-dressing is pure 
conjecture. Tradition says that in the fifteenth or sixteenth 
century there was a great drought in the land, and when every 



TISSINGTON WELL-DRESSING. 3 

Other place lacked water, Tissington alone, had a plentiful supply, 
and the festival was instituted as a thanksgiving at that time, 
and has continued ever since. It is the writer's opinion that 
we should have to go back to Neolithic times to find the origin 
of what is now a Christian festival. 

It is believed that well-and-water worship — that is to say, the 
worship of the spirits of wells and springs — was prevalent 
among our Neolithic precursors, for, wherever Neolithic remains 
are plentiful, there we find also vestiges of water worship — 
holy wells, wishing wells, etc., and, even to this day, it is cus- 
tomary to hang rags, and sometimes wreaths, to the bushes 
near by, or to the sides of such wells, or to drop a pin or a 
coin into them. Not to mention other instances, this is notably 
the case in Ireland, where the Neolithic period was of very 
long duration, and during which the people rose to a height 
of culture and civilization unsurpassed elsewhere. 

The hill country of Derbyshire abounds in Neolithic remains : 
tumuli, stone circles, and single " standing stones " are of 
frequent occurrence. It seems possible that the well-dressing 
at Tissington may be the representative of an ancient pre- 
historic custom. When the Romans came they would bring 
their own religion, and they were always ready to adopt gods 
and ceremonies belonging to other beliefs. May we not suggest 
that they assimilated to their own Floralia the custom they 
found already in existence ? 

As time went on, Christianity spread over the hills and 
valleys of our country, and we find that it has always been the 
method of the Church to christianize heathen customs, rather 
than do away with them. The holy wells in Ireland have 
usually received the name of some saint, and we find heathen 
gods transformed into Christian saints, S. Elias, for instance, 
a saint much venerated in parts of Greece, being a Christian 
form of the Greek god Helios. Thus it seems possible 
that the well-dressings may have assumed something of their 
present form when, circa 460 a.d., the Rogation Days were 
instituted by Mamertus, Bishop of Vienne. It is also po.ssible 
that the procession to the wells may have been added or 



4 TISSINGTON WELL-DRESSING. 

adopted, as tradition says, as a thanksgiving for the plentiful 
and unfailing water supply with which Tissington is blessed, 
a good supply of water being by no means the rule in the 
limestone country. The water at Tissington must come from 
a considerable depth, as may l)e proved by the fact that the tem- 
perature is the same — about 47 degrees Fahrenheit — both in 
hot or cold weather, and it is likely that it is " held up " by 
rocks of volcanic origin, there being evidences of volcanic 
action in many parts of the immediate neighbourhood. 

It is not known that this festival ever fell into disuse, and 
it is much to be hoped that the pretty old custom may long 
survive, and keep its religious character, linking us, who take 
part in it, with the untold generations of thankful people who 
for so many centuries, have walked in procession to the wells 
in the little hill village. 



We are indebted to the Rev. Reg. H. C. FitzHerbert, M.A., 
for the loan of the typical photograph,* which is reproduced in 
our illustration. He also furnishes us with the following early 
reference to the custom. 

EXTRACT FROM A LETTER OF NICHOLAS HARDINGE, M.A., CLERK 
TO THE HOUSE OF COMMONS, WRITTEN IN THE YEAR I 758. 

" Next day we decamped for Dovedale. The roads were 
good, and the face of the whole country picturesque. At 
Tissington, Fitzherbert's village, we saw the springs adorned 
with garlands ; in one of those was a tablet in.scribed with 
rhymes, composed by the schoolmaster, in honour of these 
fountains, which, as Fitzherbert informs me, are annually con- 
secrated upon Holy Thursday, the minister, with his parishioners, 
praying and singing over them. In this town the old parochial 
custom of acting Plays is also observed, though I never had 
the good fortune of being present at any of these Interludes. 
Have you more superstition interspersed with poetry in your 
Italian villages?" — Poems, cic, by N. Hardinge, 1818. B.M., 
79 ; d., 2. 

* By Mr. Rnlieit Bull, Stursion Road, Ashlmurne, 



S^ttt)sitri? fov tf)c i^uutfvrtf of Sc«"ivstialc, 1599. 



By W. A. Carrington. 




UBSIDIES, or Aids, were granted by Parliament to 
the Crown, on various occasions, for royal or imperial 
jnirixjses, and were levied upon landowners in respect 
of the annual value of their lands at the rate of 4s. in 
the pound, and upon other persons in respect of their movable 
goods, including crops on the grt)ss value, at the rate of 2s. 8d. 
in the pound. Persons having goods of less value than ^3 
were exempted. 

The Subsidy Rolls for the county of Derby are very defective 
in comparison W'ith many other counties. The first is for the 
first year of Edward III. It was granted by his Parlia- 
ment, for the defence of the kingdom against the Scots, 
and is in a very imperfect condition ; some of the membranes 
are missing, and many of the entries are illegible. Not until 
the 14th year of Hen. VIII are there any inter\-ening rolls of 
importance, and again, after this period the collection is 
very imperfect. 

3. September. 1599. 

a subsidy booke for one entier subsidy Collected 
w"' in the Hundred^ of Scarsdale and Heigh Peake. 
Derby ff. The Hundred^ of Scarsdale and Heigh Peake. 

The Estreatf Indented for the payment of the 
second subsedy granted vnto our soueraigne lady the 
Queenes Ma''° that nowe is by Act of Parliam' holden 
at Westm^ in the XXXIX yeare of her Ma''^f raigne 
contayning the names and fs'names of euery pson 



6 SUBSIDY FOR THE HUNDRED OF SCARSDALE, 1599. 

w"" their somes chargable and contributory to the 
same payment Made by John Manners John Rodes 
ffrauncf ffitzharbert and John Bentley Esquires 
comissioners appointed \v"'in the said hundredf by 
Vertue of her Ma''''^ comission to vs and others 
directed in that behalf. Thone pte of w^'' estreat 
wee the said comyssioners haue dehuered to Raufe 
Ashenhurst of Beard in the said county of DerR gent, 
(heigh Collecto'' w"'in the said hundred^) to receiue 
the same. Thothor pte therof wee doe send in to 
the Queenes Ma"' court of excheque'' according to the 
teno' and effect of the said act. Giuen vnder our 
handf and Seales the third day of September in the 
one and ffortieth yeare of the raignc of our soueraign 
Lady Ehzabeth by the grace of god of England 
ffrance and Ireland Queene Defendo' of the faithe 
&c. 1599. 

Scarsbale Ibnuttreb. 

Staueley Barley and Aston. 

Name Assessment Tax 

H s d It g d 

Peter ffretchville Esquire in land xxvj xiij iiij v vj viij 

Elizabeth Syttwell wydoe in goods ... x"' xxvj' viij'' 

Henry Hewytt in goods x'' xxvj^ viij"* 

Godffrey Godley in goods x'' xxvj" viij 

Margarett Bowman wid. in land iiij'' xij' 

Robt. Blythe in goods iij" viij" 

Peter Bylby in goods iij'' viij" 

John Ancrofte in goods iij" viij" 

Henry Tvrner in goods iij" viij" 

Henry Mellar in goods iij" viij" 

Richard Cadman in goods iij" viij" 

Peter Parker in goods iij" viij' 

Robt. Tvrner in goods iij" viij" 

Ollyver Marshall in goods iij" viij' 

Robt. Wattson in goods iij" viij" 



SUBSIDY FOR THE HUNDRED OF SCARSDALE, J 599. 7 

Name Assessment Tax 

li s d li s d 

George Wright in land xx' iiij' 

Dorothie Kent widoe in goods iiij'" x' 

Margery Kent widoe in goods iij'' viij' 

Willm Barlowe in goods iif viif 

Willm Cooke in goods iij" viif 

Willm Gladwyn in land xx' iiij' 

Agnis Blythe widoe in goods iij'' viij' 

Robt. Hitche in land xl' viij' 

xpofer Stevenson in goods v'' xiij' iiij 

W7? Owtram in goods iij" viij^ 

John Callton in goods iij" viij' 

Elizabeth Lache widoe in g(jods iij" viij' 

Arthur Mowre in land iiij" xvj' 

John Goustree in land xx'' iiij^ 

Thomas Tvmer in goods iij" viij" 

Rowland Revill in goods iij" viij' 

Sm xx" x' 

Chesterfield. 

John Longe gent, in goods x" xxvj' viij"* 

Thomas Heathcote in goods iiij" x'viij'' 

Margaret Woodward in goods wid. ... iiij" x' viij 

Godffrey Heathcote in land xl= viij' 

Hugh Whelldun in goods iij" viij' 

Thomas Reyn.shawe in goods iij" viij' 

Roufe Clarke in goods iij" viij' 

Thomas Ingman in land xx' iiij' 

Martyn Bretland in goods iij" viij' 

Thomas Rollynson in goods iij" viij' 

George Lache in goods iij" viij' 

James Bretland in land xx' iiij' 

John Dobbe in goods iij" viij' 

John Knotty in goods iij" viij' 

Davyd Allen in goods iij" viij* 

Leonard Mathewe gent, in goods iij" viij' 



J5 SUBSIDY FOR THE PIUNDRED OF SCARSDALE, 1599. 

Name Assessment Tax 

li s d li s d 

Anthony Tvpman in goods iij'" viij^ 

George Diccons in goods iij'' viij* 

Richard ffletcher in goods iij'' viij' 

George Trowte in goods iij'" viij' 

Peter Needham in goods iij'' viij" 

Richard Somersall in goods iij'' viij' 

Willm Laurance in land xx* iiij^ 

Thomas Wells in goods iij'' viij' 

Sm ix'' ij^ 

Eckington. 

George Blunt in goods x'' xxvj^ viij'' 

George Poole gent, in land xl" viij' 

Richard Tomson in land xx'' iiij^ 

Willm Leigh in land xl" viij^ 

Vrseley Wigfall wid. in land xP viij 

Leonard Rotherham in land xx^ iiij^ 

Henry Sauage in land xx^ iiij' 

Elizabeth Bromley widoe in land xx* iiij^ 

ffrancis Syttwell in land v" xx' 

Alice Treeton wid. in goods ... iij'' viij'' 

W™ Kent in land xx'' iiij^ 

John Lethwick in goods iij'' viij^ 

Thomas Stanyforth in goods iij'' viij' 

W™ Tvrner in land xx' iiij* 

Richard Jackson in land xx^ iiij* 

Henry Tvrner in land xx' iiij' 

John Pyndar in land xx' iiij^ 

John Rotheram in land x\* iiij'' 

James Lee in land xx' iiij' 

Raufe Smyth in land xx^ iiij^ 

Edward Willsun in land xx^ iiij^ 

Willm Kirkby in goods iij'' viij' 

Henry Wigfall in land xx' iiij^ 

ffrancis Cade in land x\' iiij* 

John Tvrner in land xx' liij'' 

Thomas Sale clarke in land xx'^ iiij^ 



SUBSIDY FOR THE HUNDRED OF SCARSDALE, 

Name Assessment 

11 s d 

Guilffrey Staniforth in land xx' 

Robt. Colley in goods iij'' 

Thomas Hobson in goods iij'' 

Sm 

Stenesby and Heath. 

Wilhn Cauendish Esquire in land xxx'' 

Roger ffretwell in goods vj'" 

John Bacon in goods iij'' 

Roger ffretwell Juniof in goods iij'' 

Michaell Stone in goods iij'' 

James Cowpe in goods iij'' 

Reignald Hardwicke in goods iij'' 

Mathew ffox in goods iij'" 

John ffreake senior in goods iij'' 

John Owldam in land xx' 

Sm 

Wallton Caloe & Brampton. 

S'. Willm Bowes Knight in land xl'" 

Gilbert Linacre Esquire in land v'' 

Godffrey Clarke gent, in land iiij'' 

Thomas ffoliambe gent, in land x? 

John Ashe in land xxx^ 

Dorothie Kinder widoe in land xx^ 

John Watkinson in goods iiij'' 

Jerv'is Shawe in land xx^ 

Thomas Crofte in land xP 

George Heathcote in land xP 

Ellen Swyndell widoe in land xx' 

George Bradshawe in land xx^ 

John Duckmanton in land xx' 

Robt. Shawe in land xxx^ 

Margarett Stevenson widoe in goods iij" 

Thomas ffreake in goods iij'' 

Godffrey Stvbbing in goods iij" 

Thomas Tvmer in goods iij" 

Sm 



'599- 9 

Tax 
iiij' 
viij* 
viij' 
. . ix" x' 



\uf 



VJ" 

xvf 
viij* 
viij* 
viij^ 
viij' 
viij' 
viij" 
viij^ 
iiij' 
ix'' xvj' 



vnj" 



vnj" 

xx' 

xvj* 

viij' 

vj= 

iiij' 

x' 

iiij' 

viij' 

viij' 

iiij' 

iiij' 

iiij' 

vj' 

viij' 

viij" 

viij' 

viij' 

xiiij'' xiiij' viij** 



io SUBSIDY FOR THE HUNDRED OF SCARSDALE, 1 599. 

Name Assessment Tax 

li 5 d li s d 

Southnormanton & Pinxton. 

George Revill gent, in land vj'' xxiiij' 

Isabell Kirkland widoe in land xP viij'* 

Richard Cooke in land xx^ iiij' 

Hugh Wood in land xx' iiij' 

Robt. Whitworth in goods iij" viij' 

Edward Revill gent, in land xl' viij^ 

Edward Wood in goods iij'' viij' 

Sm iij" iiij^ 

Norton. 

John Parker senio' gent, in land vj'' xiij' iiij'' xxvj' viij"* 

John Parker Junio' gent, in land iij" vj^ viij'' xiij'' iiij*^ 

George Gill in land vj" xxiiij' 

John Vrton in land iiij" xvj' 

John Parker of Okes in land xx' iiij' 

Gerome Rollinson in land xx' iiij' 

Willm Blythe in land iij" xij' 

James Bate in land xxx' vj' 

John Parker of Little Noi-ton in land xxx' vj' 

Thomas Barton in land xxx' vj' 

Willm Rollinson in land xx' iiij' 

George Mowre gent, in goods vij" xviij' viij'' 

John Poynton in goods iiij" x' viij"* 

Edward Owtram in goods iij" viij' 

xpofer Chapman in goods iij" viij' 

John Barten of greenhill in goods iij" viij' 

John Allen in goods iij" viij' 

Edward Gill in goods iij" viij' 

Nichlas Strelley Esq. in land x" xl' 

Sm xj" xj' iiij"* 

Brymyngton Whittington c Dunston. 

M"' Jane Eyre widoe in goods vj" xvj' 

Edward Sclater gent, in goods vj" xvj' 

John Bolar in goods v" xiij' iiij'' 



SUBSIDY FOR THE HUNDRED OF SCARSDALE, 1599. It 

Name Assessment Tax 

li s d li s .1 

Margery ffletcher wid. in goods iiij'" x= vnf 

John Chapman in goods iiif x' ^'"j 

Godffrey Somersall in goods iij'' viij' 

George Stvbbing in goods iij'" vnj^ 

John Tvrnar in goods iij ' viij 

Richard Cowpe in goods iij'' viij^ 

Richard Brokesop in goods iij'' ^'ij" 

Wilhn ffayles in goods iij" viij' 

Thomas Smyth in goods iij' viij' 

Sm vj" ij' viij'' 

Glapwell c Rowthorne 

Robt. Woollhouse gent, in goods x" xxvj^ viij^^ 

Willm Doffe in goods iij" viij" 

Sm xxxiiij^ viij'' 

EHmeton c Creswell. 

ffrancis Westby in goods iiij" x= viij^ 

Richard ffretwell in goods iiij" x'^ viij"* 

Thomas Smyth in goods iij" viij' 

George Westby in goods vj" xvj= 

John Westby in goods iij" viij' 

Sm Hij' viij*^ 

Boulsover c Clowne. 

Humfrey Small in goods iiij" x^ viij'' 

Henry Scott in land xx^ iiij' 

Henry Spittlehowse in land xx^ iiij*" 

Thomas Butcher in land xx' iiij' 

John Youle in land xP viij' 

Rauf e Kitchen in goods iij" viij' 

Henry Small in land x? viij' 

Anne Dvtton widoe in goods iij'' viij' 

James Newton in goods iij" viij" 

John Peace in goods iij" viij' 

Richard Butcher in land xP viij' 

Edmund Woodhead in land xP viij' 



ii SUBSIDY FOR THE HUNDRED OF SCARSDALE, 

Name Assessment 

li s d 

Richard Woodhead in land iij'' 

Willm Barker in land 

Henry Kitchen in land 

Robt. Thomell in land 

Edward Masten in land 

Humfrey Thorneley in land 

Sm. 

Howmesfield. 

Anne Croft widoe in land 

Adame Hawkesworth in land 

xpofer Wood in land 

Willm Owtrani in land 

James Mowre in land 

Willm Kesters in land 

Robt. Worstenholme in land 

Michaell Harris in land 

Robt. ffanshawe in goods vij'' 

John Mowre in goods iiij'' 

Robt. Haslam in goods iiij'' 

Raufe Whelldon in goods iiij'' 

George Newbold in goods iiij'' 

Henry Hemyngs in goods iij'' 

Sm 

Pleysley. 

Willm Kitchine in land 

Thomas Shenvyn in land 

Willm Peace in goods iiij'' 

Willm Nobell in goods iiij'' 

Richard Roger in goods iij'' 

John Johnson in goods iij'' 

Humfrey Daye in goods iij'' 

Hercules Stvffyn in goods iij" 

xpofer James in goods iij" 

Sm 



1599- 



Tax 





X1J= 




xx^ 


iiij' 




xx^ 


iiij' 




xx^ 


iiij= 




xx'" 


iiij^ 




xx^ 


iiij^ 
. . v" xviij' 




xx^ 


iiij' 




xl= 


viij' 




xxx^ 


vj' 




xxx'" 


vj' 




xx'* 


iiij' 




xx' 


iiij' 




XX x'' 


vj' 




xx'' 


iiij' 




x' 


xx' 






x"" 


viij 




x' 


viij 




x' 


viij 


x^ 


xij^ 

viij' 

. .. v" xiiij' 




xx' 


iiij' 




xx' 


iiij' 






x' 


viij 




x' 


viij 




viij' 






viij^ 






viij'' 






viij' 






viij' 




1 


... iii" ix' 


iiii 



SUBSIDY FOR THE HUNDRED OF SCARSDALE, 1 599. 1 3 

Name Assessment Tax 

li s ri li 5 a 

Southwingfield c Okethorpe. 

Richard Smythehurst in goods iiij"' x' viijrt 

Robt. Shawe in goods iij" viij' 

Sm xviij' viij'' 

Blackwall. 

Willm Dawson in goods iij" viij' 

Robt. Richardson in goods iij'' viij' 

John ffrithe in goods iij" viij' 

xpofer ffrithe in goods iij'' viij' 

Margarett Bate wid. in goods iij" viij' 

Agnis Willson wid. in goods iij'' viij' 

Sm xlviij^ 

Moreton Pillesley Northwingfield c9 pcell Brampton. 

Willm Bacon in goods iij" viij' 

John Cley of Morton in goods iij" viij' 

Edward Haberiambe in goods iij'" viij' 

Thomas Dobbe in goods iij" viij' 

John Eyre in goods iiij" x' viij"* 

John Cley of Pillesley in goods iiij" x' viij'' 

Thomas Cowper in goods iiij" x' viij'' 

Thomas Breylesford in goods iij" viij"* 

Richard ffreake in goods iiij'' x'^ viij** 

Thomas Cowpe in goods iij'' viij'' 

Richard Allwood in goods iij'' viij' 

Willm Cowley in goods iij" viij' 

Rowland Mosley in goods iij" viij' 

Robt Cooke in goods iij" viij'' 

Thomas Greaves in land xx' iiij' 

Sm vj" \'f viij'' 

Barlebrough c ^^'hittwell. 

John Rodes Esquire in land xx" iiij" 

Henry Leek Esquire in land v" xx' 

Willm Routhe gent, in land xx' iiij' 

xpofer Sclater in land iiij" xvj' 



14 SUBSIDY FOR THE HUNDRED OF SCARSDALE, 

^^me Assessment 

Willm Wood in land " ',;i- '^ 

George Edeson in land xx' 

Willm Kent in land xx= 

Thomas Barker in land xx' 

Henry Westby in land , xx' 

Willm Marshall in land xx' 

Robt. Raynes in goods iiijn 

James Gesling in goods iij" 

George Harrison in goods iij" 

Robt. Johnson in goods iij" 

George Hordren in goods iij'i 

George Smythe in goods iij" 

John Jepson in goods iij" 

Joane Parr widoe in goods iij" 

Sm 

Ashouer. 

Elizabeth Criche wid. in land xxx' 

Richard Dakyn in land xxx= 

Robt. Callton in land xP 

Godffrey Bvnting in land xx' 

Anthony Wagstaffe in goods iiij" 

George Holme in goods iij" 

Leonard Cowley in goods iij" 

Robt. Viccars in goods iij" 

John Allsebruck in goods iij" 

Thom. Rowbotham in goods iij" 

Robt. Haslam in goods iij" 

Thom. Crofts in goods iij" 

Sm 

Dronfield. 

Hercules ffoliambe Esquire in land ... x'' 

James Barley Esquire in land v'' 

ffrancis Gowre gent, in goods v" 

John Owtram in goods vj" 



599- 



Tax 

viij' 
iiij' 
iiij- 
iiij= 
iiij^ 
iiij^ 
x^ 

viij^ 

viij= 

viij'^ 

viij^ 

viij^ 

viij' 

viij' 
xiiij' 

\f 

viij^ 
iiij^ 



VI IJ^ 

viij^ 
viij' 
viij=^ 
viij^ 
viij^ 
viiij'^ 



vnj" 



vnj" 



viij'' 



iiij ' 



XX 

xiij^ 
xvj^ 



viij"' 



nij" 



I 



SUBSIDY FOR THE HUNDRED OF SCARSDALE, 1599- '5 

jsfajne Assessment Tax 

li s .1 li s d 

ffrancis Cvtloffe in land iij' ^'j' 

Willm Topham in goods iif vnf 

Edmund Hancocke in land x^^' ^"f 

Robt. Puynton in goods iij" viij' 

Robt. Cooke in land xP viij^ 

Grace Staynor widoe in land xx^ nij 

John Wright in land xx' "if 

Willm Lowcock in land xx** nij 

Robt. Sykes in goods iif viif 

Henr)' Hancock in goods iij'' vnf 

John Morton in goods iij'' viij' 

Robt. Cley in land xxx^ ^"j" 

ffrancis Dvrrant gent, in land iij'' xij^ 

Rowland White in goods iij'i viij' 

Raufe Rotherham in goods iij" viij* 

John Poynton in goods iij'' viij^ 

John Stanley in goods iij" viij* 

Edward Hvssy in goods iij" viij' 

Robt. Stansall in goods iij" viij' 

ffrancis Caloe in land xx* iiij^ 

OUyver Creswell in goods iij'' viij' 

Richard Newbold ats Parkinson in goods iij'' viij' 

Willm Litsler in land iij" viij' 

Willm Staynrode in land xx' iiij' 

Sm xiij" iij' iiij'' 

Wingerworth Tvpton c Ownston. 

Anthony Blythe gent, in land viij" xxxij' 

Edward Bullock gent, in land vj" xxiiij' 

Henry Hvmlock gent, in land x" xP 

Edmund Stevenson in goods vj'' xiij' nij 

Robt. Cvrtesse in land xl' viij' 

Willm Mowre in land x? viij' 

Robt. Tomson iij" viij' 

Robt. Gladwyn in goods iij" viij' 

Robt. Maden in goods iij'' ^"j^ 



,6 SUBSIDY FOR THE HUNDRED OF SCARSDALE, 1599- 

Assessment 
Name ,i = ^ i 

Thomas Spencer m land 

Edward Bradshawe in land ^^ 

Thomas Stevenson in goods "J 

Thomas Doe in land 

John Breylesford in land ^^ 

Thomas Cley Senio' in goods mj^ 

John Ryley in goods "J_. 

Ellen Wagstaffe widoe in goods ^U^ 

Thomas Cleye of Hill in goods »3'^ 

Rowland Watson in goods "3 '^ 

Sm 

Beighton. ^^, 

John Newbold in land , 

Robt. Scales in land 

WilliTi RoUinson in land 

Margarett ffox widoe in land 

Jane Creswick widoe in land ^^ 

Thomas Newbold in goods "J'^ 

George Shert in goods "3^^ 

Edward Hobson in goods "3" 

George Jessop in goods "3_^ 

Sm 

Shurland c Heigham. ___ 

Richard Crvmpton gent, in goods vj | 

Robt. Newton in goods "'3^ 

Willm Barker in goods "3 _ 

Sm 

Killemarshe Totley and Dore 

ff rancis Ashton gent, in land 

Rf)bt. Syttwell in land 

Willm Warde in land ^^ 

John Hewytt in goods '^^^^ 

George Ball in goods "J^, 

John Harry in goods "J, 

Willm Morton in goods "3 



Tax 
\f 
iiif 
viij' 
iiif 
iiij^ 
viif 
viij= 
viij"" 
viij^ 
vii]^ 



ni] 



vnj 
viij' 
viij' 
iiij^ 
iiij^ 
viij' 
viij' 
viij^ 
viij' 
iij" iiij'' 



vnj" 



XV] 

X' viii"* 
viif 
xxxiiij' viij'' 



vnj 
viij'" 
iiif 
xiif 
viij^ 
viif 
viij' 



I'M 



SUBSIDY FOR THE HUNDRED OF SCARSDALE, 1 599. 1 7 

Name Assessment Tax 

li s d li s d 

Robt. Newbold in goods iij'" viij^ 

Thomas Callton in goods iij"' viij^ 

Edward Barker gent, in land x'' xP 

Anthony Bright in goods vj'' xvj' 

John Badger in land xx^ iiij* 

Robt. Bright in land xx^ iiij* 

Edward Mowre in land xx^ iiij^ 

Sm vij'' j' iiij'' 

Stretton. 

Robt. ffowler in goods iij viij^ 

John Sympson in goods iij'' viij' 

John Cvrtes in goods iij" viij^ 

Roger Hobby in goods iij'" viij* 

John Kitchine in goods iij" viij' 

ffrancis Breilesford in goods iij'' viij* 

Willm Mowre in goods iij'' viij' 

Heniy Wheatcrofte in land xx^ iiij' 

Richani Sympson in land xx^ iiij^ 

Sm iij" iiij^ 

Brakenthwate Wasshington and Ogeson. 

Robt. Collyer gent, in land vij" xxiiij^ 

Robt. Oredishe in goods iij'' viij^ 

Thomas Renalds in goods iij'' viij^ 

Mawde Woodward widoe in goods ... iij'' viij^ 

ffrancis Breylesford in goods v'' xiij' iiij'' 

Willm Renalds in goods iij" viij'' 

Sm iij" xiij' iiij'' 

Svtton and Dvuckmanton. 

ffrancis Leek Esquire in land 1" x" 

Robt. Beveridge in land xx' iiij' 

John Allwood in land xx^ iiij' 

Thomas Bennytt in goods iij'' viiij"* 

Thomas Scorer in land xx"" iiij^ 

Willm Rogers in land xx'' iiij' 

John Stvbbing in goods iij'' viij'* 

Sm xj" xij^ 

2 



1 8 SUBSIDY FOR THE HUNDRED OF SCARSDALE, 1 599. 

Name Assessment Tax 

li s d li s d 

Allferton. 

Edward fifitzrandulphe in land x? viij' 

Robt. Wood in land xx= iiij' 

Michaell Eyre in goods iiij" x'viif 

Charles Gesling in goods iij'' ^'i'j' 

Willm Okeland in goods iif viif 

Richard Bland in goods iij" ^iij^ 

Leonard Svtton in goods iij'' '^""J 

Sm liiij' viij'' 

Scarcliffe and Pallterton. 

Willm Reason gent, in goods iij'' viij' 

Willm Cocks in goods iij" viij'' 

Willm Tomson in goods iij" viij' 

John Bvtcher in goods iij" viij' 

John Woodhouse in goods iij'' viij' 

Thomas Woodhouse in land xxx' vj' 

John Sampson in land xx' iiij' 

John Bvtcher in goods iij'' vnj' 

ffrancis Raynshawe in goods iij'' vnj' 

Thomas Willson in goods iij" vnj' 

Sm iij" xiiij' 

Tybshelf and Oxcroft. 

Humfrey Harrison in goods v'' xiij' iiij 

Jeffrey Watson in goods iiij" x' viij" 

Humfrey Morley in goods iij'' viij' 

Thomas Renalds in goods iiij'' x' viij 

Richard Clarke in goods iij" viij' 

Robt. Dvckmanton in goods iij" viij' 

Anne Marryott widoe in goods iij'" viij' 

Sm iij" vj' viij" 

Sm totat of the Hundred of Scarsdale is... 194": M': 8" 



SUBSIDY FOR THE HUNDRED OF SCARSDALE, 1 599. 1 9 

Name Assessment Tax 

li s d s d 

Ibeigf? peal? IbunDret). 

Darley. 

John Manners Esquire in land xl' viij' 

Roger Columbell Esquire in land x'' xl' 

George Svtton Esquire in land x'" xP 

John Pott gent, in land iif xij' 

Willm Pydcock in land ' xx' iiij' 

Peter Bradwall in land xx' iiif 

Robt. Steare in goods iij" viif 

ffrancis Stevenson in goods iij'' viij' 

Thurston Broadhurst in goods iij" viij' 

John Wheelwright in goods iij'' viij' 

Sm xiiij'" xij' 

Chappie pish. 

Niclias Browne gent, in land iiij" xvj' 

Thomas Bagshawe gent, in land vj'' xxiiij' 

George Bowdon gent, in land iiij'' xvj' 

Godffrey Bradshawe gent, in land iij'' xij' 

Thomas Barbo. in land xl' viij* 

Thomas Yeoueley in land iiij'' xvj' 

Robt. Ollerenshawe in land xx' iiij' 

Edward Ollerenshawe in land xl' viij' 

George Thomell in land xl' viij* 

John Wood in goods iij" viij' 

George Bagshawe in goods iij" viij' 

Nichas Kirk in goods iij" viij' 

Arnald Kirk in goods iij'' viij' 

Sm vij" iiij' 

Ashford. 

Hugh Shelldon in land xl' viij' 

W"| Wright in land xx' iiij' 

James Harrison in land xx' iiij' 

Hugh Eyley in goods iij" viij' 

Raufe White in goods iiij" x' viij** 



2 SUBSIDY FOR THE HUNDRED OF SCARSDALE, I 

jyf^yj-jg Assessment 

Richard James in goods • • • "J ' 

Thomas White in goods "f 

Raufe Harrison in goods "J' 

George Harry in goods iij'^ 

Sm 

Wormehill. 

Leonard Shallcross gent, in land vij'' 

John Tvnstyde gent, in land xx' 

Thomas Dakyn gent, in land >^1' 

George ffeme in goods iij' 

Rowlande Swanne in goods iij' 

Willm Hodgekinson in goods iij" 

Robt. Heald in goods iij'' 

Thomas Chapman in goods iij' 

Thomas Dakyn in goods iij' 

Thomas Nicollson in land xx 

Raufe Orme in goods iij' 

Robt. Innocent in goods iij ' 

Sm 

Myddlecale. 

George Needham gent, in land V 

Raufe Ashenhurst gent, in land v'' 

Willm Clayton in land xx^ 

Thomas Rollinson in land xx^ 

Nicfias Bradbury gent, in land x^' 

Catherine Platts widoe in land xx' 

Raufe Bradley in land xP 

John Dand in land xP 

Anthony Cleyton in land xx' 

Willm Bennytt in land xx^ 

Robt. Ridge in land xx^ 

Thomas Dand in goods iij'' 

Thomas Kirke in goods iij' 

Robt. Hadfield in goods iij" 

Thomas Marryott in goods iij ' 

Robt. Slacke in goods iij' 

Sm 



599- 



Tax 



vnj 
viij' 
viij* 
viij^ 
iij" vj^ 

xxviij' 
iiij^ 
viij' 
viij^ 
viij'' 
viij' 
viij^ 
viij^ 
viij' 
iiij' 
viij^ 
viij' 
. v'' viij'' 

XX ' 

x.x^ 

iiij-^ 
iiij= 
viij' 
iiij' 
viij^ 
viij^ 
iiij^ 
iiij^ 
iiij^ 
viij' 
viij^ 
viij' 
viij' 
viij' 



VU]" 



SUBSIDY FOR THE HUNDRED OF SCARSDALE, 1 599- i 

Name Assessment Tax 

li s d li s 

Tyddeswall. 

Steven Longesden in land .-. xx'' 

Edithe Hodgekinson widoe in land ... xx' 

Willm Poynton in land xx" 

Edward Allen in goods iiij'' 

Thomas Booking in goods iiij'' 

Mathewe ffvrnes in goods iij" 

Richard Marshall in goods iiij'" 

Robt. Astbury in goods iij' 

Nichas Hill in goods iij'' 

Ellis Blackwall in, goods. iij'' 

Richard Blackwall in goods iij'' .: 

Thomas Cantrell in goods iij'' 

Raufe Barker in goods iij'' 

Edmund Hill in goods iij'' 

Ottywell Bagshawe in goods iij'' 

Sm v' 

Hope. 

Robt. Eyre Esquire in land v" 

Thomas Ballgey gent, in land iij" 

Steven Staley gent, in land iij'' 

Edmund Woodroofe senior gent, in land iij" 

Robt. Warde in land xx' 

Elliz Marshall in land xx' 

George Howe in land xx** 

Willm Glossop in land xx^ 

Maxke Trickett in land xx^ 

Adam Eyre in goods v'' 

Nicfias Barbor in goods iiij'' 

Edward Barbor in goods iiij'' 

Robt. Hage in goods iij" 

Henry Barbor in goods iij'' 

Henry Booking in goods iij'' 

Richard Barbor in goods iij'' 

Thomas Yellott in goods iij" 

Anne Willson widoe in goods iij" 

Willm Woodcocke in goods iij" 

Sm viij 



lllj' 




iiij- 




iiif 




x' 


viij' 


x' 


viij' 


viij^ 




x' 


viij' 


viij^ 




viij' 




viij' 




• viij^' 




viij' 




viij' 




viij' 




viij' 




xvj' 




xx' 




xij' 




xij' 




xij' 




iiij' 




iiij' 




iiij' 




iiij' 




iiij' 




xiij' 


iiij"* 


x' 


viij"* 


x' 


viij"* 


VIIJ' 




viij' 




viij' 




viij' 




viij' 




viij' 




viij' 




vj' 


viij"* 



VllJ 



2 2 SUBSIDY FOR THE HUNDRED OF SCARSDALE, 1 599- 

xTame Assessment Tax 

li s d li s 

Chellmarton. 

Humfrey Dakyn in goods "ij' ^ 

Edward Buxton in goods "f ^||J 

Robt. Dale in goods iij" ^^^J'^ 

Thurston Dale in goods "J'' ^'^J 

Andrewe Morewood in goods iij" ^'^^J 

Robt. Dakyn in goods iif ™}^ 

George Torre in goods iif ^"J 

Willm Barghe in goods iiif__ x'vnj' 

Sm iij" ix' iiij' 

Yeolgreaue. 

ftrancis Gilbert gent, in land lij' '^'-l 

M"' Barbara Allen widoe in land xl' vu] 

Willm Wagstaff e in goods iij" ^"J 

W" Wattson in land xx'^ "'^' 

Thomas Woodward in land xx' inj 

Robt. Meynell gent, in land xP vnj 

Thomas Tayler in land xx' mj' 

Humfrey Barge in goods iij" ^'"J 

ffrancis Bradbury in land xx= mj 

Mary Byrds widoe in land xx'' nij 

M"' Anne Cockayne widoe in land ... vj'' xxnif 

Richard Callton in land ^ xx^ mj' 

Sm iiij" xij^ 

Baslowe. 

Rowland Eyre gent, in land vii]" xxxij' 

M"' Dorothie Eyre widoe in goods ... iij" '^"J 

John Greaues in land iij' ^^^ 

Robt. Gregory in goods iij" ^^'^j 

John ffroggott in land xx^ inj= 

Patrick Chapman in land xx' mj 

John Lees in land xx^ "if 

Henry Heyward in land xx^ mj 

Robt. Wood in land xx^ mj' 

Robt. Deane in land xx^ ,mj' 

Robt. Stafford in goods iij" "^"J' 

Sm iiij" xiij' 



SUBSIDY FOR THE HUNDRED OF SCARSDALE, 1 599. 2 

Name Assessment Tax 



Glossoppe. 

Willm Ratcliff gent, in land iif 

M'" Elizabeth Stafford widoe in land iiij'' 

Anthony Stafford in land 

John Hadfield in land 

Charles Garlick in goods v'' 

Thomas Hollinworth in goods iij'" 

Thomas Devvsnop in goods iiij'' 

Henr)' Botham in goods iij'' 

Sm 

Eyam. 

Robt. Eyre Esquire in land vj'' 

Humfrey Padley in land 

ffrancis Braye in goods iiij'' 

Nicfias Hill in goods iij" 

John Willson in goods iij'' 

ffrancis Shaxpe in goods iij'' 

Thomas Willcockson in goods iij" 

xpofer Abell in goods iij" 

ffrancis Bradshawe gent, in land 

Sn 

Bakewell. 

Willm Sandford gent, in land 

ffrancis Burton in land 

Thomas Bretnor in goods iiij" 

Willm Twigge in goods iij" 



Hathersedge. 

Willm Jessop gent, in land x" xP 

Richard Skynner in goods iiij" x'' viij'' 

Thomas Eyre of greanefote in goods iiij" x* viij** 





xij' 






xvf 




xx^ 


iiij' 




xx^ 


iiij' 






xiij^ 


iiij** 




viij' 






x"" 


viij'' 




viij' 


















xxiiij' 




xx'' 


i"f 






x' 


viij'' 




viij' 






viij' 






viij' 






viij' 






viij' 




XX* 


iiij' 




n 


.... iiij" ij' 


viij** 


xx' 


iiij' 




xx'' 


iiij' 






x' 


viij"* 




viij' 




Sm 


xxvj' 


viij"* 



24 SUBSIDY FOR THE HUNDRED OF SCARSDALE, 1 599. 

Name Assessment Tax 

li s d li b d 

Nicfias Yellott in goods iij" viij' 

Thomas Eyre of Dingbancke in goods iij" viij^ 

Sm iij'" xvij' iiij'' 

Sm tota of the Hundred of Heigh Peake is 76": 17^ 4"* 
Sm tota of both the said Hundreds of 



I 271 12* 
Scarsdale c Heigh Peake is 



IRecoGuisance. 

(Translated.) 
John Manners, John Rodes, ffrancis ffitzharbart, John 
Bentley. 
Derby. To-vvit. Memorandum that on the third day of Sep- 
tember in the forty-first year of the reign of our Lady 
Elizabeth, by the grace of God, Queen of England, 
France and Ireland, defender of the faith, &c. Ralph 
Ashenhurst, of Beard, in the County of Derby, gentle- 
man, came in his own proper person before us, John 
Manners, ffrancis ffitzharbart, and John Bentley, Esquires, 
Commissioners of the said Lady the Queen (amongst 
other things) for the assessment, collection and payment 
of the second Subsidy, within the said County of Derby, 
granted in Parliament, at Westminster, in the thirty-ninth 
year of the said Lady the Queen, &c., and acknowledged 
himself bound to the said Lady the Queen in five hun- 
dred and forty pounds of good and lawful money of 
England, of his goods, chattels, lands and tenements, to 
the use of the said Lady the Queen, her heirs and 
successors, to be made and levied under the following 
conditions : — 

The Condicon of this Recognizaunce is suche That 
where the aboue bounden Raufc Ashenhurst is by vs 
the said John Manners ffrancf ffitzharbart and John 



SUBSIDY I'OR THE HUNDRED OF SCARSDALE, 1 599- 25 

Bentley elected nomynated and appointed heigh Collector 
of the payment of the said second Subsedy w"'in the 
Hundreds of Scarsdale and Heigh Peake in the said 
County of Uerb : Yf he the said Rauf Ashcnhurst his 
heires or Executo^^ doe trewly content and paye to the 
vse of the Queenes Ma''' her heires or successors in her 
receipt of Exchequer at or before the twelfth day of 
ffebruary next coniyng after the date hereof so muche 
of the said some of money allotted and appointed to 
his collection \v"'in the said Hundreds of Scarsdale and 
Heigh Peake as he shall Collect and gather and content 
and pay the residue of his Colleccon and chardges \v""in 
one moneth next after suche tyme as he hathe gathered 
and collected the same residue That then this recog- 
nizance to be voyde or els to stand in full strength and 
virtue. 

Raufe Ashenhurst. 

Capt* et recognit^ coram nobis. 

John Manners ffrancf fifitzherbert 

John Bentley 




///;//llt)llllllllilllWHUU\\\' 



MAM TOR, CASTLETON. 



27 



fltam ^ov, ucav dTastldon* 



By I. Chalkley Gould. 




T may be permissible to commence this article by 
quoting from my paper, read at Buxton in 1899,* 
with reference to the defensive earthworks of man 
in the dim ages of the remote past. 
"It is evident to everyone who has studied these works, that 
their makers could have been no mere savages, but men with 
intelligence enough to scheme their fortresses to the greatest 
advantage. Caesar's words would lead us to suppose that the 
Britons depended on forests for their defence; but Csesar's 
visits here in B.C. 55 and 54 were very short in time and range. 
Let me quote the words of General Pitt-Rivers, in his paper 
on Mount Caburn, by Lewes, in Sussex : — 

' The skill displnyed in the selection of their sites negatives the supposition 
that they could have habitually been situate in the midst of woods. We find 
they are, for the most part, erected on the summits of hills, which, from the 
nature of the soil, could never have been thickly wooded. The careful manner 
in which their ramparts are invariably traced, so as to command the slopes, 
proves that these slopes could never have been covered with wood, otherwise 
the advantage of the arrangement would have been nullified. 'f 

" Belonging to this early period is that wonderfully-situated 
earthwork known as ' Mam Tor,' or the ' Shivering Mountain,' 
near Castleton. No words, that the most fluent of speakers 
could use, would do more than justice to the beauty of the 
scene from the commanding height of this great hill, with its 
prospect into the charming Derbyshire dales, and far over Peak- 
land. At about 1,700 ft. above the sea level, 1,200 yards of 
double rampart defended the ridged summit, which nature itself 

* Journal of the British Archicological Associatioji, 190 1, 
t Archaolo^ia, vol. xlvi. 



25 MAM TOR, NEAR CASTLETON. 

had rendered almost inaccessible, save on the north, where it is 
linked to the ridge of Lose Hill. Not content with double ram- 
parts on the south, we find that the makers threw up a third 
bank, and it is on that side that the original entrance appears; 
a low sunken path, beginning far in the valley below, climbs 
its way to the south-west corner of the precipitous height, where 
a great massive bank commands the entrance. A tumulus is 
here, too, but whether it formed any part of their scheme, or 
whether it is older than the banks, or not, it is singularly well 
placed to aid in fighting the foe at the gate." 
Mr. Thomas Bateman, in his book Vestiges of the Antiquities, 

of Derbyshire, says : — 

" The summit of Mam Tor, near Castleton, was extremely well adapted for 
a military station, as the ascent on every side, excepting the north-east, is very 
steep, and the height of the mountain is nearly one thousand three hundred 
feet above the level of the valley.* The camp upon its summit was surrounded 
by a double trench, which is, for the most part, in excellent preservation, save 
where the decomposition of the shale, of which the mountain is composed, has 
caused the lines to be broken. t It extended from north-east to south-west, 
along the ridge of the eminence, and occupied rather more than sixteen acres of 
ground, the circumference being nearly one thousand two hundred yards. 
The inclosed area is very irregular, but, on the whole, approaches to an oblong 
form. The principal entrance was from the west. At the north-east corner 
is a perennial spring, and near the south-west side are two barrows, one of 
which was opened some years ago, and a brass celt and some fragments of an 
unbaked urn were found in it." 

Beyond the reference closing this extract, we have no record 
of any " finds," and must be content to form what opinion we 
may of the age of this fortress, by its form and position, at 
the same time regretting that, as was pointed out in this 
Journal (vol. xxiii. p. 109), "form of construction alone will not 
always give the required basis for judgment, as the most simple 
forms adopted by early man were also, on occasion, used by the 
invaders of the eighth to the tenth centuries." 

Nevertheless, there are, frequently, certain characteristic 
features which are indicative of early work, foremost among 
them, being the nature of the approach and entrance. 

* Bateman was not quite correct in this. The O.S. shows the height of 
Mam Tor a few inches less than 1,700 feet above sea level, the Edale Valley 
696 feet, and the vale east of the hill about 1,100 feet, above the same datum. 

t Surely the popular belief in the original continuity of the ramparts is un- 
warranted, for the disintegration of the shale would commence ab initio. — Ed. 



i 



MAM TOR, NEAR CASTLETON. 29 

When we find, as at Mam Tor, the artificial banking carried 
round the hill, which within the enclosure rises rapidly to a 
hog-back ridge, we may judge that the work is of earlier date 
than those more regularly-formed examples where the banking 
surrounds a flat-topped hill suitable for a " camp '' or military 
post. The entrance way, at " C " on the plan, is quite in accord 
with the methods used in early fortifications, and as there is 
no reason to suppose that the cutting through the protection, 
at " B '' on the plan, is original, we may assume " C " to have 
been the only entrance of any importance. 

We have, then, this fortress placed on a hill nearly a thousand 
feet above the dales, with but one track to its entrance, and 
that a path of precipitous character, easily obstructed from 
above; these facts, in addition to the ridged nature of the 
enclosed land, lead to the conclusion that this, like so many 
hill forts, was a camp of refuge rather than a continuously 
occupied oppidmn, for we cannot imagine the tribes who toiled 
in the vales ascending and descending such a hill in the ordinary 
course of their daily lives. 

The iiimidi are probably burial barrows, but their presence 
in no way suggests the occupation of the fortress for the constant 
dwelling-places of the living, but rather the contrary, for we 
know the habit of early men was to bury their dead upon lonely 
heights. 

Often we find hill forts devoid of water supply, suggesting 
the parallel case of some New Zealand fortresses, formerly used 
by the Maories, up to which, it was the duty of the women of 
the tribe, to carry water to cisterns therein, for days before it 
was anticipated that the refuge would have to be occupied 
{see vol. xxiii. p. 113). But on Mam Tor, close to the western 
defence, there is a spring which must have been of extreme 
value to the refugees and their flocks. No doubt, some method 
was adopted by which sufficient water could be held back within 
the ramparts, and the surplus carried off by a culvert, but, 
in later ages, the water has broken through the ramparts on its 
way to the Edale Valley, as shown at " D '" on the plan. 



so MAM TOR, NEAR CASTLETON. 

The most casual observer, following the lines of the work, 
will note the weakness of the defence at the northern apex, 
where the modem entrance is shown at " B." The precipi- 
tous slope which guards the rest is lacking here, and one is 
tempted to think there must have existed an outer protection of 
which no evidence remains, or that some other fort rendered 
assault at that point unlikely or impossible. An interesting 
feature is the break through the inner rampart on the western 
side, leading, by a causeway over the fosse, to the outer bank, 
thus enabling the occupants to rush to its defence on occasion. 

In numerous fortresses, timber stockades or palisades crowned 
the earthen ramparts, but here, stone would be so much more 
available, that it is highly probable a rough, dry-built wall of 
stones may have been placed along the outer edges of the 
tops of both inner and outer ramparts, the stones having long 
since found their way into field walls, (a modern wall stretches 
along the length of the enclosure,) or fallen far below to side, 
or foot, of the precipitous slope. Though the slipping away 
of the hillsides at " A " has created picturesque cliffs, the 
falls are to be deplored, as they have carried down so large 
a slice of the defensive work, breaking the continuity of the 
ramparts and fosse. 

The alternative appellation, " Shivering Mountain," is derived 
from this action of nature, which is well described by Mr. 
J. D. Sainter in Rambles Round Macclesfield, 1878. 

I am favoured with the following geological note by Mr. 
W. H. Dalton, F.G.S., formerly of the Geological Survey : — 

" From the top, down 250 feet or thereabouts, the hill consists of Yoredale 
sandstones, constituting a precipitous face overlooking a steep slope of shales 
with occasional seams of impure limestone, whilst on the road below, near the 
old " Blue John " mine, is seen the thick, white limestone that forms the basis 
of the entire county. 

"The steep slope and precipice are both due to the character of the shale, 
which is hard, brittle, flaky, and traversed closely by joint-fissures, which 
absorb water by capillary attraction. Apart from the expansion of this water 
by frost, the mere lubricant effect of its presence, under the pressure of the 
overlying mass, tends to perpetual disintegration, covering the slopes with 
detritus, and giving rise to the local name of the " Shivering Mountain," The 



MAM TOR, NEAR CASTLETON. 3 1 

compact sandstone above, with its vertical joint-faces, being deprived of sup- 
port Uy the crumbling of the shale, breaks off in large masses, which join the 
dibris at the foot of the precipice. " 



Mr. Gould i.s anxious that the plan.s accompanying his 
articles on " Earthworks " should, for convenience of com- 
parison, be drawn to the same scale, and as a standard 
he adopts that of the 25 in. Ordnance map. It is 
to be hoped that this system will become popular in 
archaeological literature, for nothing is more misleading than 
variations in scale. Mam Tor is the largest of our Derbyshire 
earthworks, and its plan would, otherwise, have been reduced, 
to avoid the somewhat crowded effect of the plate. — Ed. 



32 



Confcrmug tijc Commons $i SSlastc Hantrs 
in Various ©otonstjips in ttjr ?^tQl) ^raft. 



By Charles E. B. Bowles. 

(From A/SS. iit his possession.) 



HE Humble Peticon of S' Simon Degge Knt. John 
Shallcrosse Esq' John Bradshawe Esq' Henry Brad- 
shawe Esq' & Samuel Bagshawe Freehoulders within 
the Towneshipps of Bowden Chappell ats Chappell 
in le Fryth Shallcrosse Ferneleigh and Fairefield within your 
Mat'" (Majesty's) Mann' of High Peake in the County of 
Derby p'cell (parcel) of your Ma'"^ Duchy of Lancaster for 
& on the behalfe of themselves & the rest of the freehoulders 
& others that have right of Comon in the Wastes within the 
said Towneshipps. 

In most humble Manner 

Shewinge to your Ma"^ that your Peticoners and their Ances- 
tors and Predecessors have had right of Comon in and 
through the Comon & Waste Grounds of your Ma"" said 
Manor of High Peake within the aforesaid Towneshipps and 
by an Agreem' between your Royal father and your Peticoners 
or those under whome they clayme. Your Royall Father was 
to improve one Moyety of the said Comons and Waste 
grounds and your Peticoners and those under whome they 
respectively clayme were to have the other Moyety of the 
same granted to them and theire heyres and wiiereas your 
Royall Brother was graciously pleased to grant his Moyety of 
the said Comons & waste grounds to Thomas Eyre Esqr who 
hath divided and sett forth the same and quietly enjoyed 



COMMONS AND WASTE LANDS. 33 

your Ma"" Moyety by virtue thereof and of a decree made 
in your Ma"" Court of Duchy Chamber at Westm' and in 
regard the rest of the Comons & Wast grounds within the 
said Towneshipps remayninge for your Peticoners Moyety 
might be improved to some considerable advantage if the 
same were enclosed. 

Your Peticoners therefore humbly pray that your Maj"^ will 
bee graciously pleased to graunt to them & theire heyres the 
remaining Moyety of the said Comons & wast grounds within 
the said Towneshipps in trust for themselves & the rest of 
the Freehoulders, & others that have right of Comon therein 
and your Peticoners as in Duty bound will ever pray &c. 

Att the Court att Windsor June the 12"' 1687 
His Ma"^ is graciously pleased to referr this peticon and the 
paper annexed to Mr. Chancellor of the Duchy of Lancaster 
to examine the Allegacons thereof and report the state of this 
case with his oppinion in the matter to his Maj"" who will 
then declare his further pleasure. 

Sunderland. 
Lodged with the Chancellor 
27 June 1687. 
The case of the Freehoulders of Bowden Chappell alias 
Chappell in le Fryth Shallcrosse Fairfeild & Fernely within 
the Lordpp. Manno' & Forest of High Peake in the County 
of Derby parte of the Duchy of Lancaster for the Moyety 
of the Comons & wast ground within the said Towneshippes 
&: Villages. 

King Charles the first in right of his Duchy of Lancaster 
was seized of the Lordpp & fforest of High Peake within 
which were & are many large wastes. 

That the ffreehoulders being desirous to bee freed from the 
fforest Lawes & inconveniences of the fforest and to have the 
same wastes improved about the year 1639 did peticon King 
Charles the first to improve the said wastes, and hee con- 
sented thereunto And comissioners yssued forth to inquire 
3 



34 COMMONS AND WASTE LANDS. 

what parte thereof might be improved for the Kinge for his 
right of fforest & soyle & what parte thereof the Term" might 
have for their right of comon upon which comission it was 
returned that the King might improve one moyety and the 
ffreehoulders to have the other moyety, and the ffreehoulders 
consented thereunto. 

That Kinge Charles the second granted the said Lordpp «& 
fforest amongst other things for 99 years in trust for the now 
Queene Dowager during her life — put pat p tra'o pat. 

That Mr. Eyre made a discovery of the premises and the 
same were leased to him for severall termes of yeares and 
were afterwards granted to him and his heyres. 

That long suites have been prosecuted in the Duchy Court 
by, and upon the information of Mr. Eyre against the ffree- 
houlders of Bowdon Chapell Shallcross ffairfield & fferneley & 
other Townes & Villages within the said Lordpp & fforest to 
inforce an execucon of the said Agreem' & to recover the 
Kings Moyety of the said Comons 

And thereupon it was decreed in the said Duchy Court 
that the said Agreem' for the King to have a moyety of the 
said wast grounds should be confirmed and that the said 
Leases & Grant made thereof to Mr. Eyre are well granted 
& decreed to the said Mr. Eyre according to the purport of 
the said leases & grant, & that the ffreehoulders shall conforme 
thereunto & permitt the said Mr. Eyre to enjoy the Kings 
moyety of the said wastes according to the Agreem'. 

That since the pronounceinge of the said Decree the ffree- 
houlders of some of the Townes menconed in the said 
decree did appeale to the high Court of Parliament to be 
releived against the said Decree. 

That in November 1685 the said Decree was ratyfied & 
confirmed by the High Court of Parliament and Mr. Eyre 
now quietly enjoyes the said moyety of the said Comons & 
waste ground soe to him leased granted & decreed. 

That Mr. Eyre the King's Patentee now quietly enjoyinge 
the said moyety of the said wastes & comons divided allotted 



COMMONS AND WASTE LANDS. 35 

& sett forth for the Kings right of fforest & soyle within 
Bowdon Chappell alias Chappell in le ffryth Shallcrosse ffair- 
feild & fferneley being some of the Townes & Villages which 
are comprized within the said Agreem' the ffreehoulders thereof 
are desireous to procure the other moyety of the said Comons 
& waste ground to be granted to them &: their heyres in 
satisfacion of theire right of Comon that they may inclose & 
improve the same. 

Depositions on oatb. 

M' Attorney Generall by y^ Relacon of Tho. Eyre Esqr 

Pet^ 

1693. Henry Kyrke & others in Chappel parrish Deft^ 

About May y^ Twelfth one thousand six hundred seventy 
five I Peter Barker of Darly in y* parish of Darly & 
County of Derby Gent' maketh oath that hee togather 
w"" one Thomas Stubbing did Survay & lay out y" 
^^"astes and Comon in Chappel parish in y' County of 
Derby into two parts share & share alike according to 
y^ best of theire knowledge & that there is a certaine 
parcell of Land then claimed both by Chappel parrish &: 
ffairefeild w"'' goeth from Durrance Loe to Nunbrookehead 
& soe w"' a straight line to Doveholes & from thence 
by a straight line to Hobtorrs containeing i8\o.3oP 
or there about & y' there was nothing then laid out 
as a thing in differant, & ffurther Deposeth yt one 
M' Hegginbothom of Shalcross & y^ s'* Mr. Eyre being 
togather I then told him y^ same thing 

Peter Barker. 

Jurat apud Chappel in le Frith in Comit Derby 

Vigessimo octavo die Aprilij Anno Reg^ Rs^ et 

Rnoe Willi et Marice quinto Annoque Dom 1693 

Coram me Laurentio Hollingworth 

In the same court on the 10"' of May 1693. The following 

gave their evidence on oath before Laurence Hollingworth 

John Cooke of Fernelee in the parish of Hope Yeoman aged 



36 COMMONS AND WASTE LANDS. 

79 servant to John Redfearne of Healy in the parish of 
Chappel had driven " his Masters sheep & other Cattell unto 
" & upon Corbor or any other of y'= Right of Comons belonging 
"to ffearfeild ffernelee or Chappel parish" & had never known 
any disturbance "made for entring Commoning joyntly." 
Edward Lingard of Chappel in le Frith surveyor, having 
surveyed " the best part of the Comoning belonging to y^ 
Relator Thomas Eyre & y^ freehoulders in Chapell parish " 
found that Thomas Eyre had enclosed above 20 acres of the 
best Land more than he had left " for y^ ffreehoulders to 
equalize it." 

Humfrey Marshall of Cowmbshed junior in the parish of 
Chappel had with Edward Lingard surveyed Lands "lying 10 
" chaines length from Castle-Nase South West within y° Relators 
"Thomas Eyre fence being part of Bealott Edge & part of Pye 
"greve Edge containeing twenty acres & upwards to y' best of 
"our knowledge" which land "is of that Moyety which his 
" Surveyor Mr. Peter Barker laid out for y^ Towne " that they 
had also surveyed "another parcell of Land containing 40 
" Acres & upwards from ye Topp of y^ Brinke against y^ 
" Cowmbshead feild corner & so to Archers Wall & soe by a 
" straight line to y* Womans Crosse & y*" Healy Marsh New 
" fTence w''*' said parcell of Comon by severall old Mapps & 
"all agreeing was laid out for y* Towne which now y* Relator 
" Thos. Eyre claymes." 

Ralph Lomas of Hilltopp aged 86 John Green of "ye 
Coumbs" aged 75 Thomas Bagshaw of Ridge aged 70 
" husbandmen of Chappel parrishe " & Roger Daine of Glossop 
aged 69, swear that they never knew of any disturbance made 
by Fairfield & Fernelee freeholders for y' Chapel le Frith 
freeholders " entring & joyning Comon of pasture w"' them 
" from Shorthead, Hobbtors, ye Reapes, & Black Edge, y* 
"nearrer Ball-greave, & the further Ball-greave, Knowle, & y' 
" Durrante Loe, & Nun Brooke, Haagshaw, & Corbor, soe farr 
"as our right of Comon joynes togather till they were 
" disturbed by y* Relator Thos. Eyre." 



COMMONS AND WASTE LANDS. 37 

A Meeting was held 28 Feb' 170I by the Freeholders in 
the Townships of Bowden & Chapel, for the better management 
of public affairs, & the following Rules were Agreed to by 
those whose names are subscribed. 

1. Whosoever shall bury any person in Linen contrary to a 

late Act of Pari' shall pay 50''' to the Overseers of the 
poor " w"""" shall be disposed on toward y* puting forth 
"of a poor child Apprentice pursuant to an order made 
"18 June 1703 by two Justices of the Peace." 

2. That whereas several not only Inhabitants but Parishoners 

abuse the Commons by putting thereon a greater 
number of cattle than their proportion of Land will 
bear whereby others have little or no benefit of the 
Freeholders part It is agreed that for ye year ensuing 
& until a better method can be found out that the 
Comons in Bowden & Chappel shall be stinted according 
to the proportion everyman's Lands will bear viz. 2 
sheep to every 20""" Annual Value & 5 Sheep to a 
beast I beast |- to a Horse & so proportionally for 
other Cattle. 

3. That persons should be chosen vpon Easter Tuesd'' to 

assist in making Assessments Inspecting Accounts & 
other such matters. 

And if any, whose names appear below should act 
contrary to the above Agreement 20/ for each offence 
will be paid by them for the Poor. 

Signed by John Shallcross Thos. Bagshaw Henry Bradshaw 
Sam Bagshawe John Carrington W'" Cooper Ger. Buxton 
Geo. Allen Thos. Gee Peter Gascoign Henry Mellor 
Rob' Thornhill Thos. Meller Nicholas Cresswell Arnold 
Kirk Thos. Moult Adam Fox Edward Warrington John 
Bennet of Silk Hill Geo. Kirk Thos. Kirk of Whitehills 
Thos. Harrison Ed. Garnet Thos. Kirk [? of the] Hollin 
Nicholas Lumhouse John Morten Anthonie Bluebot Geo. 
Bagshaw Henry Trickett Thos. Barbut. 



38 COMMONS AND WASTE LANDS. 

At a Meeting held 26 March 1706 the following were 
appointed to inspect the accounts — 

For Bradshaw Edge Mr. Ger. Buxton Thomas Gee & 
John Bagshaw for Bradshaw — For Bowden Edge Nich. 
Cresswel] Thos. Meller — For Combes Edge Henry Kirk 
& Geo. Allen. 

Signed by Rob Ollerinshaw. 

Philip Marchington. 

1704. Bowden — Chapell. 

We y^ Freeholders within ye Townships & Hamlets of 
Bowden Chappell &c. within y* Manner or Lordsp of 
High Peak in the County of Derby whose hands are 
here subscribed do for ourselves severally our several 
Heires executors & Administrators mutually & recipro- 
cally promise & agree each with other That for y^ 
perpetual quieting settling & establishing of our Title 
Interest & demands of in &- unto the Moiety of y' 
waste & commons w"'in y^ said Mannor or Lordspp as 
they are now set out & sett to us and the rest of y^ 
freeholders of y" said Town & Hamlets as their shares 
& proportions belonging to y^ ffreehold estate there so 
as y^ saide moiety of ye said wasts & commons afore- 
said may not hereafter in any maner or on any pretence 
be liable or subject to any claim or demand of Her 
Majesty's heirs or successors that a grant thereof under 
the Seale of ye Dutchie of Lancaster shall be forthwith 
had & procicuted w"* w' convenient speed may be & 
y* such grant shall bee made and passed to A B C D E 
& theire heires as to ye sevrall & respective Shares 
proportion & interest thereof «S: therein & we do furder 
for ourselves severally &: our Several heires executors & 
Administrators likewise mutually & reciprocally Grant & 
agree each to other to pay our respective shares & 
proportions of y" charge of prosecuting & passing y^ 
said grant according to y* Rates & proportions we pay 



COMMONS AND WASTE LANDS. 39 

in our Taxes & Assessments for our Lands & Tene- 
ments within ye said Townships and Hamlets aforesaid 
as the same shall be demanded from time to time for 
the purpose aforesaid w''*' said Rates & proportions of 
and for the said Land & tenements we do hereby 
mutually and reciprocally agree as aforesaid shall be 
rated assessed & ley'd from time to time be made by 
A B And it is further agreed by & between all y'' said 
parties to these Presents that y" said A B C D E &c. 
or the majority of them & their heirs shall & may at 
their descretion manage & lay out the s** several sums 
of money so assesed as aforesaid Provided always that 
if any sum or sums of money shall be assesed & 
gathered that shall remain over and above w^*" shall be 
paid to y^ uses aforesaid that then & in such case all 
such sum or sums of money shall be repaid to y' 
P'sons & Townshipp respectively according as the 
sums now assessed & gathered — For Witness whereof 
we have hereunto set our Hands this 4'*" Day of 
December Anno Dom 1704, 

Sam' Bagshaw Geo. Thornhill Thos. Gee John Bennet 
Thos. Harrison Ar. Kirke Geo. Allen Thos. Kirke 
Anthonie Ward Tho. Mosley John Bennet [? of] Silkhill 
James Carrington Anth. Bellet sen' Robt Bagshaw 
Robt Morten John Walker Thos. Meller. 

Something of a method for stinting the Common 
within the Chappel Parish for y* year 1706. 
Suppose 5 Sheep to a whole Beast. A Beast and halfe to 
a Horse so in proportion to all younger cattel & horses And 
2 Sheep gates to every Pound according to their accustomed 
Rents or value of their respective Lands Farms &c. Q. For 
a man to be hired by the payment of a farthing or ^"^ for a 
sheep gate to look that everybody doth right & to drive other 
sheep away that have no Title there By this means I hope 
(they) that have not sheep or cattel of their own may dispose 
of their gates or part of them to others. 



40 COMMONS AND WASTE LANDS. 

Q. If it were not requisite at Lady Day or Mayday to 
give an Account to y^ Heardsman what Cattel & Sheep be 
put on, & whose they are, and take care they are marked 
regulerly. 

A R P 

Freeholders part of Common is 973 . i . 9 

One ley is £,(^ . 6= . 1% 

W'out Common w'*" have no part about ^^9. 

Value of y'' whole Chappel Parish according to y" Asses- 

ment of i'^ per ^ is ;^2i6o. 

Qu. How many Acres to keep a Beast? 

Cbapel*en*le*jFi1tb Bnclosures. 



From a MS. in the possession of W. H. G. Bagshawe Esq' of 
Ford Hall. 



Dated 25 June 171 1. 

Between Adam Bagshawe Radulph Nichonson 
George Kirke of Bowden Middlecale Gent 
James Cheetham of Mellor «& Richard Bagshawe of 

Hope Gent. 
Adam Bagshaw jun' of Wormhill Gent 
Rowland Swann William Feme Joseph Fearne 
Johan Dakin Nich. Hill de Fearfield Gent 
Edmond Warrington, & Henry Longden of Fearnlee 
Arnold Kyrke of Bowden. 
The Petitioners set forth that Charles I in the tenth 
year of his reign was seized in fee of the Manor of the 
High Peak & of the ancient forest or Chase & that 
they wishing to be freed from the severity of the Forest 
Laws &: the incomodiousness of Deers lying & feeding 
in their Corn & Grass & other inconveniences did peti- 
tion his late Majesty Charles the First to improve the 
sayd waste, &: who accordingly appointed a Commission 
to say what part to the King & what part to the 
people. 



COMMONS AND WASTE LANDS. 4I 

1640. That the Forest was disforrested «& the Deer destroyed 
1640 but nothing further was done in consequence of 
the Civil Wars. Charles II. granted his share to the 
Earl of Chesterfield in trust for Queen Catherine and 
Thomas Eyre by some grant from the Queen obtained 

1684. them at a Yearly Rent, 1684 including Waste Lands in 
Castleton Hope Bradwell Wormhill Bowden Chapel 
Shalcrosse Fairfield Fernelee Mellor Thornhill & Aston. 

171 1. In this tenth year of Queen Anne 17 11 the Chancellor 
decreed that the Plaintiffs & all other the said Tenants 
Freeholders & Copyholders of these several Townships 
may for ever hereafter peaceably enjoy their Moiety of 
the said Commons &c. and the Soyle thereof. 



42 



^ ileasc of ISrattsljabJ l^aU ${: Hautrs, in 

Itctt ot a 512atU, from SSaaUam Bvatrs!)aU)e 

to j^twx^ Ijis son $i^ Ijciv— 1478, 



By Charles E. B. Bowles. 




{jFrom the original in his possession.) 

|HIS endentur made on y" Tusdey next aftur y* 
Assuption of owre Lade y^ xvuj zere of y*" reyne 
of Kyge Eduard y* nij'" betwene Will Bradesha"' 
of ye Bradesha on ye ton p'tye (one part) 
& Hare Bradeshaf y'' son of ye sede Will on y" tod"^ 
(other) p'tye Witnesse y' (that) ye seyde Will has set to 
ferme to y seyde Hare his place calde ye Bradesha and 
all y" lade (land) and meydo with y^ apurtenances logyg 
yerto (belonging thereto) except a Wode calde y^ greyve 
croftej unto y^ Terme of xxi zere frely to occupy to his 
moste advanteghc peyng yer for yerly xxs durynge y" terme 
aforseyde at ij tymes in y® zere yat is to wit at ye fest of 
Synt John Baptiste and at y" fest of Synt Marten in Wyntur be 
even porcions or wit in (within) x deys aftur & ye seyde Hare 
to pey y^ Kyge his dute for y"' whole lyuelode (livelode = 
income) and also y^ seyde Hare shall fynde & suffyshundely 
(sufficiently) kepe his mod"' (mother) at things to hyr necessare 

, * William was the son of John de Bradshawe. He died 1483 {Reliquary 
viii., p. 236). 

t Henry Bradshaw died 1523 (see his will, Reliquary, April, 1S90). 

X " The Greyve Croft " still forms a portion of the Bradshaw Lands in 
my possession. 




Eradsuaw Hall, Chapel-en-le-Frith. 



A LEASE OF BRADSHAW HALL AND LANDS. 43 

to hyr degre aftur his power wyll it plesse hyr to be at his 
fyndyge (finding)" & if so be y* it plesse her bettur to be in 
any od' (other) plase y' yen ye seyde Hare shall pey to hyr 
xxs at y^ deys afor seyde & be dyschargit (discharged) of hyr 
fyndinge and y* seyde Will grats (grants) and is greabull 
(agreeable) to gyffe to ye seyde Hare his son all his stuffe of 
Howsholde wit all things of his y' longus to husbadry (that 
belongs to Husbandry) except his beddlg (bedding) and y' 
that longus to hys owne bede in reymet (raiment) and also he 
giffus (gives) y' seyed Hare al ye cprne of his stuffe tylthe 
(produce of tillage) yat is on ye plase at his entre y' is to 
wyt at Cadulmas (Candlemas) next comynge aftur ye date 
above wryten unto all thes forseyde countes well and truly to 
be keppet & not to be inkepput ( = neglected) and eyd" of ye 
seyde p'tyes yey (they) bothe to fyde suffyciade surte be 
obligacion — (sufficient surety to be bound) in x li of y^ wheche 
ye dat is y^ dey & zere above seyd. Unto ye witnes wher 
of eydur to odur (either to other) interchange abutt have set 
to yer seylus (their seals) gyffn (given) at y' Chapell in ye 
Frythe the dey & zere above seyde. 



* i.e. : Her son to provide for her maintenance — "To find" is still in use 
at Harrow when boys in the Upper Forms " find " with two or three 
friends, or provide breakfast and tea in their own rooms. 



44 



^voccctrmgs |iviov to tlje iDtbovce of eSotifvcg 
Bvatrstjaujc anU IHavgavct i^oluc— 1554. 



By Charles E. B. Bowles. 




I. 

I HE following are exact copies, except in the spelling, 
of two original MSS. which were in my possession. 
Unfortunately they were in a library drawer — apart 
from the other Deeds — for the purposes of this 
article, and consequently perished in the fire which, on 19th 
Dec. last, destroyed nearly the whole contents of my house — 
The Leas, Wirksworth — otherwise the transcripts would have 
been revised and the old spelling more correctly rendered. 
Three other, like Deeds, shared the same misfortune. They 
certified as to the carrying out of these decisions — the delivery 
to Margaret Howe of her goods, even to the baby clothes, &c., 
provided by her parents, the payment of the money on " the 
high Altar" of the Church at Chapel-en-le-Frith and other 
like matters. 

William Bradshawe of Marpul Co: Chester* to pay p^ioo 
to Thos. Savage of Castleton at the feast of Mary the Virgin 
dated xx day of Jany 3 Edw: vj The Conditions of this 
Obligation is first That whereas Godfrey Bradshawe f son &: 

* Was second son of Henry Bradshaw (see p. 42), by Elizabeth, daughter of 
Robert Eyre (second son of William Eyre, of North Lees, Co. Derby), married 
Margaret, daughter of Christopher Clayton, of Stryndes, Co. Chester, succeeded 
his nephew Richard in the Bradshaw Estates, 1543, and died about 1 562. 

t Born 29th September, 1531. Obtained his divorce, and eventually married 
Emma, daughter of Anthony Shallcross, of Shallcross, by whom he had Francis, 
who married Anne, daughter of Humphry Stafford (see vol. xxiii., p. 83). 



DIVORCE OF GODFREY BRADSHAW AND MARGARET HOWE. 45 

heir apparent to above bounden William Bradshawe &: 
Margaret Howe daughter to Roger Howe late of Ashop in 
the County of Derby yeoman in their infancy by the only 
means & procurement of their near friends are espoused & 
married either to other «!v: whereas at theis present the before 
named Godfrey doth not lovingly entreat agree & acord with 
the said Margaret by means & occasion whereof controversy 
is like to ensue between the friends of both the said parties 
for avoiding whereof the said William Bradshawe & Godfrey 
Bradshawe or either of them on their behalf do stand to obey 
perform fulfil and keep the awarding arbitrament Dome and 
Judgement of John Davenport of Chadkyrke in the County of 
Chester John Savage of Edale Ellys Staley of Castleton- & 
George Bowden of the Chapel en le Frith in the said County 
of Derby gentleman Arbiters by the said parties indifferently 
elect & chosen to agree the said Godfrey and Margaret & 
to cause them to continue lovingly together as man lSc wife if 
they by their wise doing can bring it so to pass or otherwise 
to award arbitrer deme & judge as well what goods Chattels 
Household Stuff & sum or sums of money the said William 
Bradshawe his heirs executors or administrators shall restore 
deliver & pay or cause to be restored delivered & paid unto 
the above named Thomas Savage to the only use of the said 
Margaret her executors & assigns as also of & upon all, & all 
manner accounts querrels demands greffs cS: other matters had 
managed scered & dependyng between the sayd parties by 
reason of for & concerning the premisses, so that the sayd 
award arbitrement dome &: judgement be by the arbyterers 
made yn writing sealed & delivered by either of the sayd 
parties on this side the last day of February next coming 
That then this present obligation to be voyd & of none effect 
or else to stand in his full strength & virtue 

Wyllm Bradsha 



• His daughter Margaret had married the above Richard Bradshawe, nephew 
to William. [See note on previous page.] 



46 DIVORCE OF GODFREY BRADSHAW AND MARGARET HOWE. 

II. 

To all evie (and every) Christian men to whom this present 
writing afterwards indentyd shall come to be seen or read we 
John Davenport of Chadkyrke in the County of Chester gent. 
John Savage of Edale George Bowden Ellys Stalye of Castleton 
in the County of Derby gent send greeting in our Lord God 
everlasting for as much as before this time Godfrey Bradshawes 
dett is depending between Thomas Savage of the Spytell in the 
County of Derby gent on the one parte William Bradshawe of 
Marple in the County of Chester gent on the other part of 
for & concerning the undoing & moyding (voyding) of a marriage 
had and made between Godfrey Bradshawe son & heir apparent 
to the said William, & one Margaret Howe cousin to the said 
Thomas Savage at the time of which marriage the said Godfrey 
& Margaret were both within the age of consent & yet cannot 
agree for the ending whereof, & to the mene that a fynal peace 
unity & concord shalbe had between the sayd. parties, the sayd 
parties & either of them have agreed &: bonded themselves to 
stand to & abide the arbyter's award ordinance & Judgement 
of us the said John Davenport John Savage George Bowden 
Elys Stalye & for the accomplishing & fulfilling thereof have 
bonded themselves other to other in the sum of c li (;^ioo) 
as by their obligacons bearing date the xx dale of January in 
the 3"* yeare of the reigne of our sovereign lord Kyng Edward 
the sixth more plainly appeareth. Know you that the said John 
John Savage George & Elys have made decreed & decided 
this prest award & Judgement in manner &: form following — 
First we award ordain & dome that the said Thos: & William 
Bradshawe shall before the feast of S' George next ensuing the 
date hereof at theyre equal cost sue or cause to be sued such 
a Divorce between the said Godfrey &; Margaret that they may 
marry another if the laws of this realm will suffer. Also we award 
ordain & judge that the said William Bradshawe or his heirs 
before the feast of Philip & James next ensuing the date hereof 
shall pay or cause to be peyed to the said Thomas or his lawful 
attorney in the porch of the chapel aforesaid between viij of 



DIVORCE OF GODFREY BRADSHAW AND MARGARET HOWE. 47 

the Clock before noon and iv of the clock at afternoon of the 
same day the sum of vj ;^ 13 sh & 4 pence, & in the feast 
of PhiHp & James the next following in the same Church & 
within the same hour ^vj 13 sh & 4 pence, in the feast of 
Philip & James which shalbe in the yere of our Lord God 
MDLiiij 1554 xiij ;£ \] sh: in the same Church between the 
hours of eight before noon & iiij afternoon as is above said 
to the use & behoof of the said Margaret & in the name of 
a full recompense & agreement of all such goods & chattels 
as the said William hath had & enjoyed of the said Margaret 
or her friends to her use & behoof also in full recompense & 
discharge of all such things as she can or may claim either 
of Lands or goods by reason of the same marriage Provided 
always that if it fortune the said Margaret to be married to 
any other man after the said Godfrey be married and before 
the feasts before lymited then wee award ordeyne & judge 
that the said William for the Presents of the said marriage 
shall pay the said ^^13. 6 sh: & 4 pence decreed to be paid 
in the feast of Philip & James which shalbe in the yere of 
our Lord MDLiiij in the Church Porch in the fest of Pliilip 
& James between the hours before limited Provided that if the 
Divorce cannot come to effect according to this our award then 
will this our award be voyd and of no effect anything therein 
conveyed to the contrary notwithstanding. In witness whereof 
to other part of this our award we have set our seals hereon 
the last day of June in the fourth year of the reign of Edward 
the sixth by the grace of God &c 



48 



Ef)t itlccent IStscoberg of ^vabestones at 
^t. Jeter's Cf)uvd), I3erl)g. 



By George Bailey. 




URING the partial relaying of the chancel floor of 
St. Peter's Church, Derby, a number of gravestones 
have been brought to light. It appears that when the 
last known interment was made, in 1834, the whole 
floor of the church was of one level ; there was no step at 
the entrance from the nave, neither was there any at the extreme 
east. The communion table stood on the unraised floor. This 
is certain, because the interment of George Hubball was 
found to be under the raised steps upon which that table had 
stood, and was on the same level as all the other gravestones. 
They had been buried under the floor when the church was 
restored, many years ago, at which time the alteration in the 
level took place. 

When Bassano visited the church, about 17 11, he made 
notes of some stones which he saw, and his notes have been 
copied by Simpson and Glover, who also mention other stones 
seen by them. Their works were published in 1826 and 1833, 
at which dates they speak of those which Bassano saw, 
as being destroyed. It turns out, however, that this was not 
the case, but that they were hidden under the new floors. 
Several of them prove to be of interest, so it has been thought 



GRAVESTONES AT ST. PETER's CHURCH, DERBY. 49 

desirable to put them all (jn record, for future reference, in thi.s 
Jour/ial, and the more so, because most of them have again 
been hidden by the handsome encaustic tile floor which now 
lies above them.* 

The descriptions of the stones have been arranged in chrono- 
logical order for easier reference to dates, and those of two 
are added which were mentionerl by Bassano and others, as 
seen by them, and copied by Glover and Simpson. 

I. 

Mary Burton died 15 

In the Ninety-ninth Year of her age. 

The Burtons were an ancient Derbyshire family. Samuel, who 
was Sheriff in 1719, and died in [751, lies in St. AIkmund'.s, 
where there was a nKjnument bearing the following arms: 
az. a crescent, arg. within an orle of mullets, or. 

II. 

Here lies the Body of ... . Eaton 
baptized November the 6.th. 1644. Age 72 Years. 
Also Rebecka Eaton Baptized June 8th. 1661 
Aged 67 years. 
Likewise Elizabeth Eaton Aged 77 years. 

" The late Thomas Eaton's Executors " are given by Glover 
in the list of inhabitants of St. Peter's parish in 1831. In 
1806 a William Eaton, of the County Jail, paid 5s. rent to 
the Derby Corporation Estate. Others of this name were 
living in St. Alkmund's and St. Werburgh's, and the names of 
Richard and Thomas Eaton are on the list of subscribers to the 
Derbyshire Infirmary for 1830. Thomas Eaton was Mayor in 
1771. 



* This re-luiria] of memorial slalis seems a most unfortunate proceeding. 
-En. 
4 



50 GRAVESTONES AT ST. PETERS CHURCH, DERBY. 

III. 

[H]Ic Jacet 

Elizabethse[a] 

uxar Percivale 

Willughby 

filia 

Francisci 

Coke de Trusley 

milit ipsa 

olait 15 Feb 

[Jitatis] suie[ae] 67.* 

This is cut in sandstone, and lies in the south-east comer 
of the chancel, close to the wall. Bassano saw this and the 
following stone, and made, not very correct, copies. Simpson 
and Glover give them, erroneously stating that the stones were 
destroyed. 

IV. 

Hie 
lacet corpus Per 
civali Willughby 
M.D. fillij Percivain 
Willughby De Wool 
larton in comitatu 
Nottingham Militis 
Obijt 2°. Die Octob 
Anno Salutis 1685 
.^tatis suae 89. 

At the end of this, on a shield, are the arms of Willoughby 
of Parham, from which family all the Willoughbys descend. No 
colours are given on the stone, but correctly they would be as 
follows : — " Or, fretty azure, with a mullet for difference in the 

* Elizabeth, seventh child and third daughter of .Sir Francis Coke of Trusley, 
was born Nov. nth, 1599, and the Trusley Register gives the same date as 
that of her baptism. She died Feb. 15th, 1666. See History of Coke of 
Trusley, by Major J. T. Coke, privately printed 1880,— Ed, 



GRAVESTONES AT ST. PETER S CHURCH, DERBY. 5 1 

middle chief." Bassano says within a bordure, but we cannot 
find, although the Willoughbys u.sed many variations, that a 
bordure was one of them. 

This stone is of thick marble, and has now been placed in 
the floor, at the entrance to the chancel. 

Dr. Willoughby was the third son of Sir Percival, of Woollaton, 
who sat for Nottingham in the first Parliament of James I. 

Katharine Willoughby, of Parham, Duchess of Suffolk, with 

her second husband, Richard Bertie, had to fly the countr)' from 

Queen Mary's persecution, and wandering, almost as a 

mendicant, in the low countries, she gave birth to a son in the 

porch of the church of vSt. Willebrod, Wessel. That son 

became the famous Lord Willoughby, hero of Zutphen, and 

whose feats of arms were the subject of a once-popular ballad. 

There remains a part of the moated hall at Parham, now used 

as a farmhouse. 

V. 

Here lieth the Body of Richard Carter Gent, who 
departed December 1693 aged 72. Years. 
A Thomas Carter served as Mayor of Derby for part of the 

year of 1698, the then Mayor having died, and he was again 

Mayor in 1701. 

VI. 

Sub Hoc Marmore Lapide 
Conduntur Reliquiae Georgij 
Jacson M : D : Cujus Pietatem, 
Chaiitatem, Aliasq' : Virtutes 
Insignes .satis Morunt et Experti 
Sunt Prsesentes : Credant Fu- 
turi Et Imitentur 
Ad Superos Evolavit Anima 
28™ Die Maij 
Anno Dom. 1699. 
.^tatis Suae 52. 
Memoria Justi In Benedictione. 
The above is in capitals. What follows is in lower case ; — ■ 



52 GRAVESTONES AT ST. PETERS CHURCH, DERBY. 

Sub Hoc etiam lapida Anna 
predicti Georgii Vidua 
spectatif.sima post Vitam 
omnimode Virtutis Studio 
feliciter exactem moitales 
Exuvia.s tandem deposuit 
Ad Charifsimi Mar[i]ti in Coeli'^ 

Consortum non ultra 
dirimendum, preparavit 
Anima 8™ Die Aprilis, Anno Do'". 

1726 ^tatis 77. 

This stone of Dr. Jackson is of blue marble, and finely 
cut. Bassano appears to have seen it, but he only gives part 
of the inscription. It has also undergone a resurrection, 
and is now placed in the church on the opposite side to that of 
Dr. Willoughby. Dr. Jackson was a benefactor to St. Peter's 
Parish. It formerly lay in front of the Communion Table, 
north side. The churchwardens intend to place a brass plate, 
stating where these two stones were found 

VII. 

Here lyeth the Body of Mr. George Busbage 
who departed this life the 29th of May 
1721 in the 50th year of his age. 

VIII. 

Here Lyeth the body of Edward Marshall Gent, who 

departed this life the 25th day of August 1729. In 

the 8 1 St year of his age. 

Also Mary relict of the above Edward Marshall died 

19 September 17 13. Aged 77. 

Likewise Hannah Alney, His Sister. Died in August 

1710. 

IX. 

Elizabeth, wife of Henrj- Eyre, of RmvcU [this is, no 
doubt, a mason's error for Rowtor] in this County, Esq., 



GRAVESTONES AT ST. PETER's CHURCH, DERBY. 53 

daughter oi Sir Willoiighhy Hickman of Gainsborough 
in Lincolnshire, Baronet. 

She died 

29th* February 1741 

Aged 47. 

This is of black marble. It lies just within the chancel 
steps. Glover says it " was near the chancel." The above- 
named lady gave the Communion Cup to St. Peter's in 1666. 
The plate was re-cast in the time of the Rev. W. Hope, as is 
stated in the inscription engraved up(jn the present service. 
Henry Eyre was High Sheriff in 1723. By his first wife he had 
one daughter, who married Clotworthy Skeffington, Earl of 
Massareene ; and " from them are descended the Eyres of 
Rampton Manor " {Churches of Derbyshire, vol. ii., p. 356). 
Other members of the family were also Sheriffs: Robert, 1481 ; 
Thomas, 1621 ; Robert, of Highlow, 1658; William, 1691.! 

X. 

Here lieth the Body of George Beardsley of 

Nottingham, Gent, who departed this life Ye 26th 

day of February Anno 1707 

in the 39th year of his age. 

Here lieth also E.ichard Beardsley the 

Son of George Beardsley, who departed this 

life 

The former was a Trustee of the Liversage Charity, chosen 
with six others, March 27th, 1706. His daughter, Sarah, was the 
first wife of Thomas Gisburne, who lies in St. Alkmund's Church. 
The Beardsleys had a house in Cockpit, formerly Castle Hill, 
at the corner of the street now called East Street, formerly Bag 
Lane. In 1660 John Beardsley gave the third bell to Horsley. 
In 1687 Alexander Beardsley was buried in Egginton Church. 
In i68o John Beardsley was appointed Rector of Egginton. In 
1709 he buried his wife, Mary, there. 

* Glover gives the 26th, which is an error. 
+ Glover V., I. Appendix, p. 19. 



54 GRAVESTONES AT ST. PETER S CHURCH, DERBY. 

XI. 

Here lieth buried the Body of Samuel 
Froggart, who died the loth of October, 1776. 

Aged 64. 
Also, Sarah his Wife Died August 2nd 1789 aged 73. 

XII. 
In tlie chancel, on a flagstone (Glover). This stone may 
still be in the chancel. There were several stones which could 
not be got at in consequence of the cost of removing the 
cumbrous choir stalls under which they undoubtedly were, 
portions of them being visible. 

Anne Lowe, daughter of the late Rev. John Lowe, and 
granddaughter of the late John Lowe, Esq., of Denby 
Park Hall, died 5th February, 1825, aged 48. 
The Lowes of Denby have been represented by the Drury- 
Lowes of Locko Park, since 1790. 

XIII. 
Beneath this stone lie the remains of Beatrice, the 
Infant Daughter of Ernest Augustus and Beatrice 
Percival. Born July 2nd, 1831. Died April 13th, 
1832. 

XIV. 
To the Memory Of George Hubball of this Parish, 
Esquire, who departed this life on the 15th of 
February, 1834, aged 48 years. 
This stone lies under the Communion Table. 

XV. 

In the west end, middle aisle, on a marble gravestone : — 
ReliquEe Thomge Cantrelli, A.M. Scholaichje Derbiensis. 
Reader, here lyes the dust — deny 't who can— 
Of a leam'd, faithful, and well-natured man.* 

No date of his decease is given, but he must have 
died about 1706. The Rev. Anthony Blackwell, M.A., who 
* Simpson, p. 409. 



GRAVESTONES AT 6T. PETERS CHURCH, DERBY. 5$ 

succeeded him, was at Derby School in that year, and he mar- 
ried Cantrell's widow, by whom he had four sons. Blackwell 
died at Market Bosworth on the 5th April, 1730. This stone 
was copied by Bassano, and it is probably still underneath the 
present pavement. 

XVI. 
Here lyeth the Body of Mary Allsop. 

This was on a broken piece of sandstone of very ancient date, 
near the east wall of the chancel, north. 

The writer is indebted to Mr. John Xorcross for copies of 
these inscriptions, which he made by permission of the Vicar 
and Churchwardens, except those of Elizabeth Willoughby and 
Dr. Willoughby, and Elizabeth Eyre and Dr. Jackson. 

This completes the list. It has of late years become a 
common practice to grass over our churchyards. It is not 
the intention of the writer of this article to enter upon the 
question of the desirability or otherwise of the practice. One 
thing, however, may be said. When these places are so trans- 
formed, it seems only right and fair that a record should 
be kept of all monuments and gravestones thus covered or 
removed. 



In vol. xxi., p. 90, there appeared a notice of the taking down 
and removal to Loughborough for repairs, etc., of the old bells 
of St. Peter's Church, Derby. They have now been returned. 
The following is a list of the peal as it now is, together with 
the weights of the bells. Several are new, and two have 
been re-cast. The inscriptions are as follows :— 
cwt. qrs. lbs. 

No. I. 4 I 25. " Venite, Exultemus Domino." The gift 
of Sir Henry Bemrose, M.P., 1900. 

„ 2. 4 2 13. " Te Deum Laudamus." The gift of 
E. T. Ann and R. B. Chambers, 
Churchwardens, 1900. 



50 GRAVESTONES AT ST. PETER S CHURCH, DERBY. 

cwt. qrs. lbs. 

No. 3. 5 I 16. " Deo Jubilate." The gift of Sir Thomas 
Roe (Churchwarden 1862-1890), 1900. 

,,4. 6 I 10. "Jesus be our Speed." John Daye, 

T. H. 1636. Re-cast at the cost of 

H. M. Holmes, 1900. 
,,5. 7 o 2T). " God save the King." 1636. Re-cast 

at the cost of Sir A. Seale Haslam, 

1900. 

,,6. 6 o 16. Jos. Taberer and Hen. Every, Church- 
wardens A. ^ R. 1738. 

„ 7. 7 3 4. "Gloria Deo in Excelsis." William 
Duffield and Thomas Skinner. C. W., 
T. H. 1636. 

„ 8. II I 14. " I to the Church the living call, and to 
the grave do summon all." 1 769. 



57 



I5cctis, ^c, ^nroUeti, Countg of I3crl)j?. 



By W. A. Carrington. 




NROLMENTS of Deeds of bargains and sales of 
lands and tenements in one of the Courts at West- 
minster, or before the Custos Rotulorum, two justices, 
and the Clerk of the Peace for the County in which 
the lands lay,, were first required by Statute of 27 Hen. VIII. 

Enrolments of Deeds, &c., were ordained by divers statutes of- 
later date, as instance : — Deeds in Corporation, &c., 34 & 35 
Hen. VIII. Writings in the Counties of Lancashire and Cheshire, 
5 Eliz. Grants from the Crown of felons' goods, &C., 4 & 5 
William and Mary. Deeds and Wills of Papists, 3 Geo. I. 

No enrolments of deeds are extant at Derby prior to 26 Eliz. 

IReferences to Jn^entures inroHeJ) on tbe Close 
IRoUs for tbe County of H)erbi^ from I ]£bw. D5. 
to part of 14 1EU3. :— 



No. 


f 






Names of Places in the 


Roll. 


Date 




Parties, whom Ijetween. 


County mentioned. 


453 


1 Edw. 


VI. 


Tenerye &l Beau- 
mounte. 


Long Giton. 


456 


z Edw. 


VI. 


Apleby & fforster ... 


Appleby manor, 

Leicester, & Derby 
(2 deeds). 


461 


3 Edw. 


VI. 


Agard & Cavendish 


Chatsworth manor. 


467 


4 Edw. 


VI. 


Beaumont & Rolles- 
ton. 


Ashover. 



58 DEEDS, ETC., ENROLLED, COUNTY OF DERBY. 



No. of 

Roll. Date. 

467 4 Edw. VI. 



470 5 Edw. VI. 
471 

472 

473 
474 



478 


6 Edw. VI. 


480 


,, 


482 


)) 


>) 


.. 


484 


)) 


488 


7 Edw. VI, 


>l 


„ 


489 


)) 



490 



Parties, whom between. 
The King & Bishop 

of Chester. 
Bereford & Alen ... 

Holls & Pype 

Hollys & fifitzherbert 

Lord Clinton & Hard- 

wyk. 
Holborne & Pyreson 
ffynes & Hardwyk... 
For Will™. Wynlove 

For John Tylney, Esq. 
Darcy and Pope . . . 
Heather & Pykering 
Swift & West 
Rollesley & Harman 
Holborne & Pierson 
Briggs R'. & Dethyk 
Howe & Eyre 
Brown & Eyre 
For W". Allestrye... 

For Henry Fanshawe 



491 7 Edw. VI. 

492 >) 



F'or Thomas Holmes 
For Thomas Alsop 
For Robert Browne 



Names of Places in the 
County mentioned. 
Weston manor. 

Birch manor. 

Barlbrough manor. 

Moiety of Hathersege 
manor. 

Tithes in Dronfield & 
Barley. 

Derby. 

Chesterfield. 

Rectory of Barrow-on- 
Trent. 

Derby town. 

Syndefen. 

Derby town. 

Elmeton. 

Bawkewell. 

Derby town. 

Chilcot manor. 

Little Asshopp. 

Chapel le Frith. 

Derby town, The Stone- 
house, Derby. 

Tithes of Orniston, 
Hownesfield, Drone- 
field Woodhouse, 
Dora, Totley, Hun- 
dallane, Somerley, 
Appiol Poweye, 
Colley, Coleaston, 
Hallowmarche,Stub- 
ley & Dirchet. 
Derby town. 

)) 
Blakewell Church. 



DEEDS, ETC., ENROLLED, COUNTY OF DERBY. 



59 



No. of 
Roll. 

495 



Dale. Parties, whom between. 

1 Mary Paget & Cowper . . . 



495 „ Leeke& Hewett ... 

497 „ Howe & Savage ... 

498 „ Duke of Suffolk and 

Willington. 
'» » Hardwyk & Knyght 

S°i „ Newton & Sharpe... 

505 1/2 Philip & Rollesley &: Blude- 

Mary. worth. 

507 ,, Sacheverell & Barley 

512 „ Holmes & Porte .. 

516 2/3 „ Holborn & Pyerson 

>' '. Williams & Freston 

532 ,, Leece iS: Sutton ... 

542 4/5 ., Wennesley& Caven- 

dish. 



Temple & ^\'atts 



Names of Places in the 
County mentioned. 

Brysyncote manor &: 
Tithes of Newhall, 
Staunton, Staunton- 
warde, Drakelowe, 
Willington, Tyck- 
well. 

Staveley. 

Little Ashopp. 

Overlockoo manor. 

\V'ynston manor. 

"The Angel," Derby. 

Bawkwell Chantry land 
&: Over Haddon. 

Barley manor. 

Dalbury. 

Derby. 

Uptoft. 

Cawlow. 

Chatsworth, Assheford, 

Longstone, Lytton, 

Cromford, Medow- 

plek, Dovebridge, 

Holte Church, 

Broughton,Tutbury, 

& others, Derby & 

Stafford, Grynlowe, 

Chelmerlden, Hol- 

lyngton, Goldclyff, 

Repton, Yellow- 

greve. 

Ashover. 



DEEDS, ETC., ENROLLED, COUNTY OF DERBY. 



No. of 

Roll. Date. Parties, whom between. 

542 4/5 Mary Cavendish & Veel... 



344 



545 



546 



547 
548 



555 I Eliz. 
556 



559 



Ibid 

Parrott & Munday 

Mountjoy & Adder- 
ley. 



Holborn & Pyreson 
Mountjoy & Browne 

Blount & Merry ... 
Pasett & Cockeram 



(ilassor & Sackville 
Hardwick & Altham 



Chowne & Wood .. 



Wennesley & Fleet- 
wood. 



Names of Places in the 
County mentioned. 
Blackwell manor. Ash- 
ford, Topclyffe, 
Kingsternedale, 
Cowdale, Stayden, 
Chelmerton, Fair- 
field, B r a d w e 1 1 , 
Buxton, Shalcrosse, 
Hasylbecke &: Mon- 
yash tithes. 

Ibid. 

" Head of Michelmea- 
dow," Mackworth. 

Colton, Hanbery, 
Faulde, Draycotte, 
Scropton, Derby, Sc 
Stafford. 

Derby town. 

Yeverley ats Stede 
manor. 

Sutton manor. 

Tithes in Staffords. 
Tithes in Newthall, 
Staunton, Drake- 
lowe, Wyllington, 
Tyckenall, Derbys. 

Etwall manor & church. 

Wynster «& Aldwarke 
manors, Boncesall 
(2 deeds). 

Cherry Hall manor, 
Overtharwarston & 
Nethertharwarston. 

Wennesley manor. 



DEEDS, ETC., ENROIJ.ED, COUNTY OF DERBY. 



6l 



No. of 




Roll. Date. 


Parties, whom between. 


559 I Eliz. 


Cavendish &: Wennes- 




ley. 


560 „ 


Wholborne &: Pyreson 


561 


Holborn &: Pierson 


564 


Earl of Salop & 




Blunle. 



568 2 Eliz. 

571 
572 

576 
581 

583 3 
586 

587 
598 



Eliz. 



600 

605 4 
608 



Eliz. 



Law &; Boswell ... 
Lord P a g e t & 

Altham. 
Howard & Fanshaw 
Harrington & Gerrard 
Reve & Knyght . . . 
Frevell & Altham 
Gerrard & Pylkyng- 

ton. 
Horseley & Adder- 

ley. 
Babington li: Hunt 

Duckbert &: Bysoner 



Lord Paget &; Gres- 

ham. 
Lord Paget & Paget 

Knt. 
^Varner&: W'ende-sley 
Lawe & Kytchen 
Lawe & Savyle ... 
Russell & Mylward 



Names of Places in the 
County mentioned. 

Ryppindon manor, 
Hollington, Grynd- 
loo, Yellogreve. 

Derby. 

Glassopdale manor & 
Church, G las sop 
Church. 

Denby. 

Bryssingcote manor & 

Braebye. 
Chesterfield. 
Stanton manor. 
South Wynkfeld. 
Bryssyngcote manor. 
Stanton manor. 

Rocettour, Denston. 

Bradshall, Chaddesdon, 
Normanton. 

Stapenell, Ashbourne, 
Stretton, North 
Wingfield, Ticknall, 
Smythesby& Walton. 

Great & Little Over & 
Findern manors. 

Rents in Derbyshire. 

Snytterton Chapel. 
Denbysall. 
Denbie Park. 
Eyton in Dove dale 
manor. 



62 



DEEDS, ETC., ENROLLED, COUNTY OF DERBY. 



No. of 

Roll. Date. 

6i2 4 Eliz. 

613 

621 ,, 

630 5 Eliz. 

631 ,. 



639 


)) 


651 


" 


653 


6 Eliz 


655 


)) 


659 


„ 


661 


>) 


664 


)) 


665 


)> 


666 





671 ,, 

681 7 Eliz. 
682 



686 



Parties, whom between. 
Alsopp & Benbrige 

Chowne & Gregson 

Benbrigge & Alsopp 
Pickerill & Bickerton 

)) 
Whalley & Hewett 

Rye & Whalley ... 
Home & Russell... 
Curzon & Backhouse 
Munday & Munday 

Robson & Browne 
Pylkyngton & Holte 
Earl of Salop & Earl 

of Pembroke. 
Needham & Wen- 

desley. 
Caldwall & Boyls- 

ton. 
Gryce «Sr Brokesby 



Leeke & Leeke ... 
Vaughan & St. Loo 
Vaus & Morgan ... 
Nedeham & Wen- 

desley. 
Langford &: Sheriff 
Backhouse & Curson 
Sackville Rt.iS; 

Glasier, 



Names of Places, in the 

County mentioned. 
" Blackfriars," Derby 

town. 
Overthurvaston, Nether- 

thurvaston. 
Derby town. 
Lee. 

Osmaston (2 deeds). 
Whitwell & Barley- 

brough advowsons. 
Whitwell manor. 
Melton. 
Croxsall. 
Marketon, Mackworth, 

Alestrye & Derby. 
Albaston. 
Stanton. 
G 1 o s s o p manor & 

Church. 
Wendysley. 

Bretley (Bretby?), 
Derby & Stafford. 

Ticknall, Wyrksworth, 
Repington, Mylton, 
Measarne, & Tithes 
of Derby town. 

Staveley. 

Shothull Park. 

Belaie manor. 

Wendesley manor. 

Newton Solney manor. 

Croxsall. 

Etwall manor, 



DEEDS, ETC., ENROLLED, COUNTY OF DERBY. 



63 



No. of 






Names of Places in the 


Roll. 


Date. 


Parties, whom between. 


County mentioned. 


689 7 


Eliz. 


Backhouse & Curson 


Croxsall. 


„ 


J) 


Whalley & Hewett 


Whytwell manor. 


692 


)» 


Earl of Hunts. & 
Curson. 


Repingdon Church. 


693 


)) 


Whalley cS: Griffyn 


Sawlley manor 



695 



764 8 Eliz. 
705 



709 



712 



715 



Watwood & Boylston 
Babington & Leigh 



Croke & Barley ... 
Buckerton & Croke 
Castelyn & Feilde 
Latus & Dygby ... 



Church, Hopwell 
Church, Eaton & 
Lockington, Nt)tts., 
Derby & Leicester. 

Newton Solney, White- 
wall. 

Eggynton manor & 
Church, Marston. 

Osmaston. 



Gryce & Browne. 



Brokesbye & Bicker- 
ton. 



Ekyngton. 

Spowndon, Borrowes- 
ashe, Chaddesdon, 
The Over Lockoo, 
Standley. 

Yolegrave given for a 
priest-Chapel, 
Elton. 

Ticknall, Wirksworth, 
Measam Church, 
Cheleston, Reping- 
ton, Milton. 
Hothome & Stanhope Cubley, Hylton, Hylso- 
mersall, M arson 
Montgomery, Potter 
Somersall, Wandley 
(Waldley?), Wood- 
houses, Church 
Somersall, Snelles- 
ton, Sudburye, 
Mackley(Makeney?) 
Mousdon ? Derby & 
Staff. 



64 DEEDS, ETC , ENROLLED, COUNTY OF DERBY. 

No. of Names of Places in the 

Roll. Date. Parties, whom between. County mentioned. 

721 8 Eliz. Watwood & Bowtell Brampton, Fenney 

Bentley, Derby town, 
Whitwell, Derby, 
Ashborne in Peak. 
723 ,, Lord Clinton &: Earl Yolgrave, Leigh. 

of Salop. 
,, ,, Fulliamb & Fitz- Hauersuch(Hathersage) 

Herbert. 
726 ,, Dovvninge & Slighe Heythcote, Bigging, 

Herttington. 
732 9 Eliz. Mundye & Marshall Marketon Park. 

737 ,, Lytton & Osborne Tydswall, Champeyn 

forest. 
739 ,, Wendesley & St. Beley manor Tithes & 

Lowe. Bake well. 

Carter & Bodye ... Ashborn. 
Rodes & Burrowes Lands in Derby & 

Yorks. 
Wykes & Lattysham Chesterfield, Newbold 

manor. 
Granby & Jekes ... Stanyshe, Hartyngeton, 

Hethcote. 
Downinge & Wen- Thurbecke. 

desley. 
Rowlston & Hay- Lee manor, Ashover. 

warde. 
Holborne & Bran- Derby. 

don. 
Agard & Colledge Boylston. 
,, ,, Castelyn & Parker Hymesworth (Hems- 

worth), Norton. 

,, „ Ibid Ibid. 

809 ,, For John Richard- Thurlaston, Ambaston, 

son. Elbaston (Elvaston). 

822 12 Eliz, Harvey & Greysley Lullington & Castle 

Grisley manors. 



745 


>' 


751 


)) 


765 


10 Ehz. 


769 


J) 


783 


)> 


784 


" 


792 


1 1 Eliz. 


797 


J, 



DEEDS, ETC., ENROLLED, COUNTY OF DERBY. 



65 



No. of 




Roll. 


Date. 


822 


12 Eliz. 


823 


,, 


824 


„ 


841 


13 Eliz. 


846 


)) 



850 
851 



863 



Parties, whom between 

Greysley & Harvey 



Browne & Piersone 
West & Avery 



Peers & Whalley... 



867 

869 14 Eliz. 
5 



Names of Places in the 
County mentioned. 

Ibid. Morton manor, 

Colwiche. 

Langford & Moseley Newton Solney manor. 

Gifford &: Manners Ewton (?) tithes, &;c. 
Stretton manor. 
Greenhill, Bradwaye, 
Byrchett, Wood- 
ceyttes, Little Lees, 
Lyttle Norton. 
Whitwell manor. 

Fynes & Wortley... Beighton manor, Water- 
thorpe, Hawnthorpe, 
Birley, Toodehoole. 

Selyock & Fanshaw Dronefeld. 

Bradborne & Ferrers Lea, Bradburne, Boyls- 
(2 deeds — one ton, Partwyche (Par- 

cancelled), wich), Knyveton, 

Bentley, Hognaston, 
Hylton, Taddington, 
Priestcliffe, Holling- 
ton, Weston, Attlowe, 
Assheborn, Offecote, 
Ireton, Underwood, 
Overborrowes, 
Netherborrowes, 
Bowbrige, Somer- 
shall Herbert, 
Broughton, Sturson, 
Holland, Bradley. 

Selyock & Drables Dronefeld. 

Marsh & Tunstyd Tiddeswall. 



66 DEEDS, ETC., ENROLLED, COUNTY OF DERBY. 

No. of Names of Places in the 

Roll. Date. Parties, whom between. County mentioned. 

873 14 Eliz. Leyche & Agard... Chatsworth & Cromford 

manors, Byrchylls, 
Bakewell, Calton ats 
Dalton, Edynsor, 
Pyllysley, Bely ats 
Beley, Chestrefeld, 
Bontesall, Matlock, 
Wyldersley, Abney, 
Lytton, Doore ats 
Dorre, Tyddeswall, 
Wheston, Repyng- 
den, T o t e n 1 e y , 
Wardlowe & Pro- 
perty in Stafford & 
Salop. 



Various References to Documents Relating to 

Derbyshire. 

Note. — Some are full transcripts of the underwritten references. 

Patent Roll, James i", No. 17 19. For Richard Roberts, Rec- 
tory of Norton. 

Patent Roll, 1543, m. 25, Robert Booth & Butler, Hartington 
. Manor and Grange of Pillesbury, Moiety of Croxton, &c. 

16 Car. I, Inquis. p.m. after the death of Francis Coke, 
Manor of Pinkeston. 

Do. Do. after the death of Ralph Langford, Manor and 
Advowson of Langford. 

Mills. 

1670/1. John Badgley of Matlock. 

1639. Sir John Rodes of Barborough. 

1683. Sir Aston Cokaine of Derby. 

1666. Henry Powtrell of West Hallam, adfnon. 



DEEDS, ETC., ENROLLED, COUNTY OF DERBY. 67 

1608. John Longe of Chesterfield. 

1584. Richard Brey of Bredsall. 

1676. Wilham Baddeley of Norton. 

., Abraham Baddeley of Hethersage, admon. 

1674. George Pole of Derby. 

1666. William Bullock. 

1636. Sir Richard Harpur, Knt., of Littleover. 

1686. German Pole of Barlborowe. 



Deeds of Hayne of Oslaston & Ashborne, ^659, 1673. r683. 
John Agarde of Oslaston, 1628. 



68 



Zi)t Statf of mrpton iWauov fvom tljc Jlvctgn 
of ?l^cnn> E. to tf)at of p^envp T. 



By the Rev. F. C. Hipkins, F.S.A. 




HIS very interesting chronicle (which our Society 
owes to the kindness of Sir Henry Bemrose, who 
allowed me to make a copy of it from one in his 
possession), contains an account, as the title sets 
forth, of " the state of the Manor of Repingdon," from the 
2ist year of the reign of Henry I., i.e., the year 1121, to 
the first year of Henry V. (141 3-1 4), when, or, at least, within 
the first half of that century, the original may be assumed to 
have been compiled. Although records of this class were 
usually called Chronicles or Histories of the Abbeys to which 
they referred, they were, in reality, ^uasi-legal documents, and 
equivalent to the modern Abstracts of Title. In the instance 
before us, the object, clearly, was' to prove the Title of the 
Prior of Repton to a " fourth part, and a fourth part of a 
fourth part, of the Manor of Repton." 

In the record are enumerated the many benefactors to the 
Church of St. Gyles, at Calke, to the Church of St. Wystan, 
and to the Priory at Repton. Also the transference of the 
Canons of Calke to Repton, by Maud Countess of Chester, 
and her son Hugh Kenelocke. 

" Richard, surnamed Lupus, second earl of Chester," was 
" drouned in the sea," in November, 11 20, when Prince 
William, son of Henry I., and many other nobles went 
down in the ill-fated " White Ship," whilst attempting the 
passage from Normandy. Few of our early records can vie 



THE STATE OF REPTON MANOR. 69 

with this Httle-known — perhaps hitherto unpublished — muni- 
ment in its wealth of historical genealogy. 

The Manor was divided in the reign of Henry III. into 
five main sub-divisions, which, with the various owners' names, 
and names of the portions granted to them, are " plainelie sett 
forthe." These names are still in use ; Southwood, Lostescoe 
(Loscoe), Mealtune (Milton), Tycknall, &c., are marked on our 
Parish map. 



^f)c State of t!)c Jltanov of J^cpiugtrou. 



3 



npxitniB note njeff that vicesimo primo henrici primi 
Anno dni millesimo Centesimo vicesimo bothe the mannor and 
also the hundred of (Keptng^on were entier in the pssession 
of (RtC^ar^ ^urnamne^ feupue second erle of Chester 
who marryed (^fttj^ the daughf of ^tep^<xne erle of (j5fop6 
C^ClUtB 'ind Campane syster of Kynge ^fep^ttne and 
founded the Chyrche of ^*- <0gfe6 of Calke of certaine 
cannons geving unto them and the said chyrche hys woode 
wherein they dwelled betwene Segesbrooke ande Alrebrooke 
feiffe gif6orron)e and the ^gffage betwene Alrebrooke 
ande ^u^njooi the feiffc miftXC of (Re|jing^on ande fower 
oxgange of lande in ^gcttnaff he lyved erle of Chester ninetene 
yeares ande dyed being drowned in the sea wyth his brother 
^tfpttjcff ande divers of the kinges children vicesimo quinto 
Novembris anno predicto, After whose departure wythout issue 
then succeded him in the earldome (j^dnufvip^C the first of 
that name surnamed both fj^o^unc ande (W-CBt^CgUS* the 
said Q^gcBftti his cosen germane that ys to saie sonne of 
margarct syster of ^ug^C ^txpxXB first erle of Chesf and of 
3o^tt (jSo^une whiche (Ranuf^J^e lyved erle about tenne 
yeares and dyed Anno Dni 1130 in whose possession also the 
sajd mannor ande hundred of (Rcping^on remaynedde entier 
he hadde yssewe Q^anufpBc the seconde. 
* Meschin. 



7o THE STATE OF REPTON MANOR. 

(Kcinuf|)^e the seconde surnamed bothe (J^o^Un and 
(0Crnog0* gave to the said chirch ande channons of ^(xfftt 
one Bote in the fysshing of Chester wythe libtie to fysse where 
and howsoev' in the same they wolde wythe one Stalnet and 
a dwelling for the fysher his lande of Lostescoe and the corners 
of the same as then they weare bounded, moreover C^utlftttt 

tarn pfcnatiam (truant ipee ^afiefiaf in (Rapenbune 
Cum foff ef fern ef jnfangt^ef + ei cum oi6^ coneuefus 

^ittifiug ef feifietfaftfi^ whyche he the saide erle or anie of 
hj's annseters might best and most amply give in woodes 
plaines meadowes waters heighwayes pathwaies market ande 
mylnes ande in all places ande in all thynges wythe store of 
woode in ^ouf^CttJOob then called ^u^ttJOO^ sufficient 
for all Buyldinges hedgewoods and fyrewoode ande to Cole 
besydes sufficient for one forge or harthe. afgO he gave theym, 

(Reginaf^ the sonne of (^ffttjpne of (Rapen^une wyth 

hys seate or dwellying and twoe oxgange of lande to the same 
belonginge and the same QReginftf^ and hys heyrs free and 
quyte from all secular services and customes belonging to hys 
hundrede of Repingdone and .... of pleas at l^^^^^^fe ande 
all playntes and citasions and from fof and panufiget (^n^e 
furthermore he gave unto theym ^etUtCtUm (Uicofai 

armtgen comiiB (Ranufp^t te qxxatxtot fiotjatts tevmt 

in ^Xlcdfion This Ranulphe or Randle the seconde helde 
bothe the mannor and hundrede of Repingdon entier lyved 
erle of Chester twentie and nyne yeares Dyed Anno Dni 1153*^ 
or therabout leaving yssue ^XXQ^C (jSo^UUC seconde of that 
name Surnamed (^encfoc^. 

^Ug^e QKcncfocftc fyft erle of Chester holding both the 
mannor and hundrede of Q^cpitig^Ofl entyer at the instance 
of his mother (^ftu^ countesse of Chester gave unto the said 
Channons of Chalke the Chyrche of Repingdone wyth all th' 
appurtnances and libties in ppetuall Almes so that the Channons 

* De Gernons. 

t A civil and criminal Court with jurisdiction of life and death over thieves 
and malefactors. 

t Dues from the swineherds in the forests. 



THE STATE OF REPTON MANOR. 7 1 

Reguler of the Calke (all the wholle convente of them) con- 
venient oportunitie the'to serving sholde transferre themselves 

to the c3irc3e of (Reptngr^n ci ifit&em ^eo cf fieafae 
(JUatioe ei eco vo^ieiano in petpeiuxxm ^egcntes regu; 

favitct SertJlCinf whyche was the first foundation and erection 
of the ^riorge of (Reptng^on ande Calke ever after was 
subjected to Repingdon and made a member of the same 
Pryorie. The sayd f)ug3e (Kenefocfte lyved erle of Chester 
twentie and eyght yeares and leaving yssue Q^ftnufp^^ sur- 
named both (J$O^Une and iSSfutt^etJgfc departed this lyf 
Anno Dni 1181. 

(Ranttf|)^e i^e 3 of that name surnamed both (J^o^Utte 
and Q$fun^egff syxt erle of Chester lyved erle fyftie and 
one yeares holding entyer in his possession bothe the 
mannor ande hundred of Repingdon gave unto TJJgfftYt 
ferrets erfe of ^erfite in Kinge ^o^ne tyme the moytie 
or one half of the said hundred of Repingdon in marryage 
wythe (^gne6 his syster, and afterwards Anno xvij°. 
RR henrici 3 Anno Dni millesimo Ducentesimo tricesimo 
scdo, gave unto the same |)rgorge of Q^e^Jiug^on by the 
names of the Chuhes of the holy trinitie of Repingdon and 
S'. Gyles of Calke and to the Cannons Reguler of Saynt 
Augustine in the same the C^trc^e of ^*. ^^iffdne in 
Repingdon wythe all the Chappells ande all th' appurtihces 
ande libties ande the seate of the nttftie ande ponde and 
Damme under ther Courte in Repingdon unto the water 
descending from the house of 'WtffgCim (Bc^icBxC^ unto 
trent wythe attachem' of the same dame to the lande whiche 
Reginald fysher sometime held wythe the wholle wat' there 
descendinge ande all the lande called flaxelandes lying betwene 
the waye ande the wat' course from the River descendinge from 
Shepesmore to the lande of T3?iffgam (jSefttdC ande all the 
arrable lande of the Quarrell of Repingdon''' neare Trent wythe 
codn in the waste of Repingdon according to the quantitie of 
all their landes in Repingdon ande the lande in whyche the 

* Now known as Repton Rocks — a disused stone quarry. 



7 2 THE STATE OF REPTON MANOR. 

said Channons their Barne ys sett in Tycknall. (^n^e because 
the former grauntes made to the said Cannons of the Calke 
by his predecessors semed not strong enoughe in some things 
to Amende the same he Gave unto the said Cannons of Rep- 
ingdon and Calke all the lande ande woode lyinge betwene 

^c^egwarfiroofte ande ( T^frefi roofte (except the gteaf gif; 

fiottOWC) wyth th' appurtunces Hbties and easementes to the 
same belonginge the sytuation ande attachm' of their pondes 
ande dammes of Calke ande the lande betwene their twoe 
nether mylnes, and betwene Bolhaghe and the water Course 
and iiij' Oxganges of lande in Tycknall wyth th' appurtnancs 
wh Wyllyam the sonne of ^njftne sometyme helde ande other 
ij oxeganges of lande in the same towne w'''' Alyna wydowe 
sometyme helde, the lande also of feoffefcoe and th' arrable 

called ^unget ^iff ande th' attachem' of their of 

Lostecoe and the lande and S'vice of Nic sometyme Squier of 
erle Ranulphe the seconde in Mealtune wyth th' appurtnance 
and it) of the Milne of Repingdon yearly at Michelms S'. 
Andrewestyde ladle dale in Lent ande Mydsomer enie feast daie 
ij' uj"*. (W-OtCOUCr Curiam suam plenariam preterquam de furcis 
et propriis hoibz suis. (^f0O everie weake thre lodes of his 
woode off Sudwudde nowe Southwoodde. After all w^'' gyftes 
and grauntes w"*" aforementioned the said Randle the thirde 
xxvj° Die Octobris anno RR henrici tertii Supdto 1232". Dyed 
wythout yssue leavinge the said mannor and moytie or one 
half of the said hundred of Repingdon to the Countesse 
Clemence his wyfe amongst other thinges in dower the Re- 
mainder thereof and all other his landes in fee unto ffower 
Systers in copenie (^aub maried to David (brother of Will'" 
BaylloU kinge of Scottes) erle of Auguyshe (Angus) and of 
Huntingedonne, and Lorde of Gallowaye in Sccttelandde. 

(^afieff maryed to Wyllyam Dalbeney erle of (^rtun^eff. 
(^gnee maryed to W"" ferrers of ^^ex^ie and l^awgf^ maryed 
to Robert ^uinCge erle of feincoftte. Amongst whome the said 
mannor of Repingdon wythe the moytie of the said hundred of 
Repingdon after the deathe of the said Countesse Clemence by 



THE STATE OF REPTON MANOR. 73 

vertuc of a Mandamus to Hcnrie de Batona and Geffrey de 
Langley Directed the tenthe daie of August Anno RR Henrici 
tertij xxxvif weare devyded pts ande didde remaine in use as 
herafter more at large ensewj'the. 

3n nj^ic^e pctficion John BaiUoll sonne of Davidde brother 
of WiUiam Kinge of Scottes erle of Augwyche Huntingdon 
lord of Gallowaie ande afterwarde the seventh and last erle of 
Chesf of that line of £,upU6 and (J^o^une in Right of his 
mother (^aub eldest sysf ande one of the coheyrs of the said 
erle Ranulphe the third \v* John Baylloll surnamed also ^O^n 
Mcoiie hadde his iiij' pte of all the demeane meadowes and 
Pastures of the said manner of Repingdon lying towards the 
east ^8*crfc of (^runl)cff in right of (gtafieff his countesse 
mother of the saide Coheyrs hadd hys iiij' p' towardes the 
west ^3*erfe of ©er6ie in Right of (55tgne6 hys countesse 
another of the saide iiij' Coheyrs has hys iiij' p' assigned next 
to the p' of John Baylloll and ^0*erfe of fetncofne in Right 
of ^dVoifc hys countesse another of the said iiij' coheyrs 
hadde hys iiij' p' assingned and layde forth next to the iiij' p' 
of th'erle of (^run^eff. 

Jictn the Pare of Repingdon by lott channced unto Th'erle 
of Derbie so did Newhaye ande Scrubbe. 

(jXri^ all the <J)n)ftt)oo^ cum (jXfncto et (§ctcavia sorted 

by lott fell to the lest of the thre coheyrs to be devided 
amongst them. So that nCt)etf0cfcB the freholdes and 
tenantes of the erle ferrers ande Derbie and the Pryor and 
channons of Repingdon and Calke and their tennantes might 
have their commen in the foresaide woodes as they wear 
meant when the foresaid mannor of Repingdon was and 
Remayned entier. 

Jfetn the Wapentacke or ^unireb (the moytie for the 
other halph was geven awaie to erle ferrers and derbie 
before) The mtfne the fgfe^iwS^ ''ifd the coeii (jSacfte^Ottfe 
remained stille in coen to all the said iiij' Coheyrs to be kept 
by their one or more comen Servaunt or Svauntes sworne, 
ande that enie of the said coheyrs sholde be of lyke & equalle 
in pting the proffetts thereof, and taking of the same. 



74 THE STATE OF REPTON MANOR. 

5fem concerningc f^e capitaff (JjCtefeuage of Repingdon 

wyth th'advowson of the (^jjttotg there at the dale & place 
aforesaid noe ptcions cold be made because the Countesse of 
Lincolne, John BailloU and the heyrs of Arrundell complained 
that the said capitall messuage wythe th'advowson of the 
Pryorye of Repingdon was lesse valewed and extended then 
they ought wheruppon was demanded of the said iiij' coheyrs 
by the said Henry de Batona and Geffrey de Langley comissions 
to howmuche they wolde have the said capitall messuage and 
advowson extended unto. Th'erle ferrers & Derbie sayd he 
wold take the iiii at the valewe of tenne marke ande more. 
John Baylloll and the heyrs of Arrundell said they wold not 
take them at above twelve liiarke a yeare at the most, and 
so said the countesse of Lincolne that by noe meanes they 
wolde .... to that extent. To w''"' Erie ferrers and Derbye 
replyed he wolde take them at tenne poundes by yeare, w"^"* 
when aine of the other wolde come unto nor yet accorde 
to erle ferrers to have yt at that vallew. Dale was given 
to the pties before the K Councell in xv° Mictus at Westm' 
where when before the Ks Councell yt appeared howe John 
Baylloll the heyre of Arrundell ande the countesse of Lincolne 
had refused and that th'erle ferrers and Derbye was readie 
always to take the said capitall messuage and advowson of 
the said Pryorye at tenne poundes p Anum, some of the 
said Coheyrs beinge then under age ande in the Ks pos- 
session as his wardes, whose pt therfore were to be the 
rather betf seying th'erle of Derbye had oifred so muche 
more for the said capitall messuage and advowson then the 
rest. By advise of the court yt was adjudged the same 
sholde remaine to Erie ferrers and Derbye for .x''. ^o f^af 
the said erle of Derby sholde therefore retne to the rest 
of the Coheyrs that ys to saie John Baillyoll the heyrs of 
Arrundell and countesse of Lincolne fytie shiUinges in some 
convenient place out of his pt of lande in Lindezey aub 
forsomuche as the countesse of Lincolne was willing and 
readie to abyde that ordre he had assigned unto her the 



THE STATE OF REPTON MANOR. 75 

ca])itall mess*-' of Waddington in the countie of Lincolnc 
and th'erle of Derby retiied her 2'' of liis pt in that towne, 
ande so a wryt of seasime made to the said erle of Derljy 
of the said capytall messuage and advowson of the said 
Pryorye of Repingdon. Teste Henrico de Batona ap"^ West- 
monasterium 21" die Octobris a" Regni Dni Regis Henrici 
tertij tricesimo septinio. 

(Uote tt)eff that after thys John BailloU whose mother 
beinge eldest syster of all the copceners disdaygning therfore 
that anie but he sholde have the saide capitall messuage 
and advowson of the said Pryorye of Repingdon af he came 
of age beinge in the Ks s'vice in Gascoigne procured an 
enjunction against the said erle of Derby for the said capitall 
messuage and advowson. Teste dfio Rege H. 3. apud vascon 
28° die Novembris a" Regni sui 38°. 

(^n^ CI. ^Ctfut^ was theruppon made by the Scheator-'' of 
the Countie of Derbye by vertue of a wrytte to him directed. 
Testibus Regina Aet Richardo com. cornub fratre dni Regis 
apud Wyndsover. 13° februarij a° E-egni H. 3. 38° ideo quere, 
howe the said fell owt aft'. 

(Ttofc ftfSO that as you have harde the first devysion of 
the said mannor of Repingdon was into iiij partes. So weare 
there five maine subdivysions at fitei- ^io^XX ^COti dying 
wythout yssue hys iiij parte of the manor of Repingdon came 
to be devided amongst thre of hys systers Margaret married 
to Alane erle of gallawaye whoe had issue. Denergulde 
marryed to John Baillioll of Bernerd Castle in Englande and 
had issue John Baillioll aft' Kinge of Scottes. Ifabell seconde 
sisf maried to Robert Bruce lorde of Annandale in Scotlande 
and of Clevelande in Englande whoe had yssue Robert Bruce 
lorde of annandale whoe had yssue Robert Brus erle of Car- 
rycke by his wyf. Ada the fourthe Syst' (for Mawde the 
thirde sisf dyed wythout issue) was maryed unto lorde Henrie 
Hastinges. 

* The Esclieator, an officer appointed by the Lord Treasurer to enquire into 
the titles of lands under escheat. 



■J 6 THE STATE OF REPTON MANOR. 

^econ^fpe the crle of (^ftun^eff his p'" was devyded 

amongst iiij' daughters w'''' he hadde by Mabell hys wyf 
wherof the eldest named Mabell was maryed to Robert 
tatteshall whoe hadde yssue Robert tatteshall whoe hadde 
yssue Robert tatteshall that gave his p' to Richard some- 
time Pryor of Repingdon. Nicolaa the seconde daughter 
maried to Roger Someroye whyche brought him iiij' daughters 
whose partes came to the handes of Kinge Henrie the thirde 
whoe thereafterwarde dydde insesse one Thomas of Wesenham 
and hys heyrs. Cecilia the thyrde syster maried to Roger de 
Montealto hadde yssue Robert de Montealto whoe hadde yssue 
Roger de Montealto w.'^'" inssessed William Hewardine in his 
parte. Isabell the iiij' syster maryed to John the sonne of 
Alane whoe hadde yssue John the sonne of Alane whoe hadde 
yssue Richard fytzalane. 

^^it^f^e the erle ferrers and Derbie hys iiij' pt of the 
manner and moytie of the hundred w"*" he hadde in Right of 
Agnes hys countesse was by Robert erle ferrers and Derbie 
their sonne forfayted unto lorde Edmund erle of Lancaster 
w"^'' erle edmunde gave the same his parte of the saide mannor 
unto Nicholas of S' Maure. 

Souvi^cfic the erle of Lincolnes iiij' part of the said mannor 
of Repingdon w"*" he hadde in right of Hawyse hys countesse 
was by their daughter Margaret Quincye countesse of Lincolne 
geven to Robert de Hansacre. 

(ItoitJ^ 10 fo 6e nofc^ that John Bailloll gave his part 
beinge a third parte of a iiij' part of the Mannor of Repingdon 
unto the first of the iij in the Subdyvision unto penbroke hall 
in Cambridge* or rather came from him to Marie Saint Paule 
countesse of penbroke whoe at the foundation of the said 
coUedge amongst other landes gave this p' also w'^*' the M' ande 
fellowes of that house aft' exchanged wythe William Maynesin 
Pryor of Repingdon and the convent of the same for an 
Annuitie of xvj marke yearly rent charged uppon their mannor 
of Gransden in the countie of huntingdon as by there dede 
appeareth dated 28° Junij a° RRegis H. 4. 12°. 

* Pembroke College, Cambridge, founded in 1343 by Mary, Countess of 
Pembroke. 



THE STATE OF REPTON MANOR. 77 

(Ttofe affo that Robert Brus lorde of annandale in Scotlande 
gave unto the Pryor of Repingdon and the convent of the 

same toiant ferram ef fcnemenfum quam ef quoi ^a6utf 
in viffis &e (Repingdon ef (JUtffon ef ftcftnaff cum 
perfinenfijg fam in ^incie quam tjiffante ef eorum 
Bequefig ef ^omag ef 6'"tjic fi6ere fenenf prouf in c^arfa 

eiuf^em (^pparef (JC w^" was the seconde thirde p' of a iiij' 
p' in the Subdivision. 

(Uofe furf^er that lorde Henry Hastinges third p' of the 
iiij' part in the first subdivision (as by quartering of his cote 
sholde seme) came to the lorde Graye of Ruthen ande Regi- 
nald lord Graie 5° H. 4. past yt unto John findern efq' whoe 
primo H 5'" past yt to pet' Melburne Rob' Tyllot ande John 
Draycot whoe aft' that Decimo Die Julii a° Regni Regis H. 
5"" primo Assured the same to the Pryor and convent of 
Repingdon ande their successors w"^ came from finderne in 
exchaunge for th'avowson or patronage of leek ande cxx" in 
money besydes payde unto fyndern by the said Abbot or 
pryor and convent of Repingdon as By an indent' betwixt 
them thereof made maie Appeare dated p'mo die Octobris 
anno RR h iiij"" xiij°. 

(^nt (Rofierf faffee^aff gave unto the said Pryor and 

Convent of Repingdon fofam ferram 6uam ef fenemenfum 
quam ef quo^ ^afiuif jure ^ere^ifario in manerijs ^e 
(Repingdon ef ficftnaff cum omnifius |>erfinenfij6 Bxxie 
fam in ^ominicie quam tjiffanis (tc as in hys dede thereof 

more at large ys contaigned w'^" also was the first iiij' part of 
the seconde iiij' part viz the erle of arrundels in the sub- 
division. 

^oe (^ppearef^e (J?fainefie the Pryor of Repingdon 
hadde gotten to him and his Successors one wholle iiij' part, 
ande a iiij' part of a iiij' pt of the mano' of Repingdon. 



78 



^ gcttigsljivf BtaUjl m tljc 15t!) €rntuvg. 



By Henry Kirke. 




|N the year of grace 1428 — three years before Jeanne 
d'Arc was cruelly done to death in the market 
place of Rouen — an unseemly and murderous 
deed was done in the High Peak of Derbyshire. 
Such deeds of blood could not have been uncommon in an age 
which was one of violence and bloodshed, when private wars 
were ordinary occurrences, when gangs of ruffians held the roads, 
and murders were open and organised, when even the scholars 
of Oxford and Cambridge " arrayed themselves in habiliments 
of war," and exercised a reign of terror and blackmail over the 
neighbouring counties. There are, however, some traits about 
the narrative of this particular brawl which are unusual, and 
which give rise to certain speculations — not without wonder. 

The story as set forth in a MS. in the British Museum, 
co.talogued as Add. MSS. 28,111, is as follows: — 

"8th Henry VI. (1429-30) Robert Eyre, of Padley, in Co. 
Derby, gentleman, was indicted before John Dunbaben, one of 
the King's Coroners for the said county of Derby, for the 
murder of William Woodrove, of Hope, in the said county, 
gentleman, and on his trial before Peter Pole and Gerard 
Maynel, the King's Justices assigned to deliver his gaol at 
Derby of the said Robert Eyre on Monday next after the feast 
of St. George the Martyr, 8 H 6, the following circumstances 
appeared : — 

" On the Sabbath day next after the feast of the Holy Cross 
on the 7th year of the reign of the King, the said Robert and 



A DERBYSHIRE BRAWL IN THE FIFTEENTH CENTURY. 79 

William were riding friendlily together from the town of Chester- 
field to the town of Holme, when a quarrel arose between them, 
and some opprobrious words passed, and the said Robert 
wishing to put an end to the quarrel said to the said William : 
' Friend, you well know that we are kinsmen, and called honest 
men, and therefore it is disgraceful for us to fight, and for the 
whole country to hear us quarrel.' On which the said William 
got off his horse, drew his sword, and struck the said Robert 
on the back part of his head, and would have killed him but 
for a large red handkerchief which was tyed several times 
round his head ; and the said Robert being in fear of death 
retreated to a hedge, and when he could get no further, in 
order to save his life, he drew his sword to defend himself, 
and struck the said William on the head, of which wound he 
languished without speaking till the second day, and then died 
" The jury found the said Robert Not Guilty of the death of 
the said William, but said upon their oaths that one Peter 
Swordman, of Brecknock, in Wales, labourer at Holme afore- 
said, the day and year aforesaid the said William feloniously 
did kill. 

" Thereupon the said Robert was thereof quit, and the said 
Peter Swordman taken. 

" Names of the jury between the 
King and the said Robert Eyre. 

" Henry Langford, of Chesterfield, Esq. ; 

" Roger Wolley, of Derby ; 

" John Stokkeley, of Derby ; 

" William Bate, of Sallowe ; 

" John Elton, of Ashbourne ; 

" William Orme, of Derby ; 

" John Tytchet, of Chesterfield ; 

" Thomas Calcroft, of Chesterfield ; 

" John Taillour, of Chesterfield ; 

" John Carre, of Chesterfield ; 

" John Forthe, of Calbrook ; 

" John Halok, of Calbrook ; 

" John Coteler, of Chesterfield ; 



8o A DERBYSHIRE BRAWL IN THE FIFTEENTH CENTURY. 

"John Strelley, of Derby; 

" Richard Cadman, of Hertyndon. 

" Sheriff : John Colclield. 

" Coroners : John Dunbaben, 

Thomas Bradshawe." 

There is no clue in the MS. to the lost history from whence 
this story was rescued. It has the aspect of truth, and its 
perusal excites reflections, in the legal mind especially. 

In the first place, it is singular that such an occurrence should 
have been noticed at all. A crowner's quest must be held; 
but why refer the case to the Criminal Sessions ? If all the 
fights, personal or otherwise, which led to fatal results had 
been .sent on for trial, the King's Justices would have been 
the hardest-worked men in England. Quarrels of all kinds 
were common ; all men went abroad armed, ready to slay or 
be slain on the slightest provocation. The times were 
troublous : it was on the eve of the Wars of the Roses, when 
faction ran high, North arrayed against South, and the cham- 
pions of the rival parties ready to close in the death grapple. 

Again, the verdict of the Jury strikes one as peculiar. The 
evidence is clear and probable. A ride home, probably after 
a convivial entertainment and much wine bibbing, an altercation 
by the way ending in a personal encounter which terminated 
fatally for the aggressor. One would have thought that the 
Coroner's jury would have settled the matter at once on such 
evidence. 

As far as the record shows, similar facts were adduced before 
the King's Justices, and the verdict given was in accordance 
with the evidence, were it not for the extraordinary rider added 
by the jury, who found a verdict of " Not Guilty," but added 
that, although they found Robert Eyre was guiltless of the 
murder, one Peter Swordman was the guilty man. Of this 
Peter Swordman there is not a word in the evidence. 

Robert Eyre was a member of a distinguished Derbyshire 
family. He had fought at the battle of Agincourt under the 
banners of his father, Nicholas Eyre, of Hope. He had 
married Joan Padley, sole daughter and heiress of Robert de 



A DERBYSHIRE BRAWL IN THE FIFTEENTH CENTURY. 8 1 

Padley,* and through her he had become one of the largest 
landowners in the Hope Valley. He rebuilt the church at 
Hathersage, in which he and his wife lie buried. He died on 
the 2oth of March, 1459, and his wife followed him to the 
grave in 1463. The Woodroves or Woodruffes were a family 
of some note at Hope, and no doubt allied to the Eyres, as 
stated in the narrative. 

But who was Peter Swordman? He is described as a Welsh- 
man, native of Brecknock, and labourer at Holme, but there 
is nothing in the narrative to show that he was in Eyre's retinue, 
or took any part in the fatal affray. Swordman is not a Welsh 
name. Is it a generic title ? Was he Peter, a swordman in 
Eyre's company ? Perhaps he had no existence at all — was 
only a fictitious character, like the " John Doe " and " Richard 
Roe " of later legal lore. 

A man had been killed in a brawl : someone must have 
killed him. The Jury find Robert Eyre not guilty, but, to 
satisfy the claims of justice, declare that Peter Swordman is 
guilty, and a bench warrant is issued for his arrest. He was 
only a labourer, a foreigner from Brecknock, one of the hated 
Welsh. "Thereupon the said Robert was thereof quit, and 
the said Peter Swordman was taken." So ends this veracious 
chronicle. It would be interesting to know what became of 
Peter Swordman. Perhaps, as Betsey Prig said of Mrs. 
Harris : " I don't believe there's no sich a person." 



* Of this marriage the Author of The Old Halls, Manors and Families of 
Derbyshire says. Vol. I., p. 184: — "She [Joan Padley] had plighted her 
Troth with Robert Eyre, third son of Nicholas Eyre, lord of Highlow. Now 
Sir Nicholas was under the ban of the Church for some dark deed (tradition 
says it was murder), and Joan's father had forbidden the union of the young 
people." Does not Mr. Kirke's story, possil)ly, throw light on the dark deed 
of tradition ? — Ed, 

6 



82 



S'fjc Cf)avtulaig of tlje Mi>i)t^ of 4iak.' 



By the Rev. J. Charles Cox, LL.D., F.S.A. 



■ "^OIHE fine chartulary of the abbey of Dale among the 

I ^^ Cottonian manuscripts of the British Museum 

f ^Sj (Vesp. E. xxvi.), is a small quarto vellum volume of 

196 leaves, in the handwritings of the reigns of 

Edward I. and Edward II., with rubricated initials. The 

copies of the charters are arranged under the places to which 

they relate. The chartulary proper ends with f. i77\ 

The latter part of the volume is of varied later dates, and 

seems to have been bound up with the chartulary (which is 

imperfect at the beginning and in one or two other places) 

when the Cottonian library was being formed. The names of 

witnesses to the different charters are not given until f. 46'' is 

reached. 

To some, so many pages of apparently dry statements and 

repetitions of personal and place names will seem wearisome ; 

but this abstract will be valued by those who take genuine 

interest in the old personal or local history of the counties of 

Derby and Nottingham.! Explanatory notes of various refer- 

* The abstract of this chartulary was prepared twenty-five years ago, when 
it was intended to bring out a Derbyshire Monasticon. Subsequently, in 
1881, in conjunction with Mr. St. John Hope, it was proposed to issue a full 
monograph on Dale Abliey ; but this project got no further than the prospectus. 
I have now ([an., 1902) carefully collated it with the original, for the second 
time, for publication in the Journal. 

t [In presenting the Society with the result of this laborious translation and 
study, Dr. Cox need offer no apology. That a generous proportion of the pages 
of this journal should be devoted to popular subjects is only fair to the 
general reader, but there is a graver object to be remembered, viz., the 
compilation of original materials for the future histories of Derbyshire, 
—Ed.] 







^-c ^ % 







I 18 






i' 



THE CHARTULARY OF THE ABBEY OF DALE. 83 

ences could have been readily given, but they will scarcely be 
required by antiquaries. Certain matters are of general interest ; 
such are the several references to subterranean Nottingham and 
the Saturday market of that town ; the weekly market and the 
St. James's fair of Derby; the street names and the ovens 
{furnus) of both towns (there was no free baking on certain 
manors and townships); the bequest of a godfather; or three- 
pence as the price of a pair of shoes, and a halfpenny for a 
pair of gloves. 

It has been thought best to give the exact spelling of personal 
and place or field names, even to beginning them with a small 
letter. Much pains has been taken to secure accuracy, but in 
dealing with thousands of old manuscript names it is probable 
that there are some mis-readings. 

The following is an English abstract of the whole of the 

chartulary, with a brief account of the rest of the volume. 

Extended transcripts of some of the more interesting 

charters are given as specimens. 

fo. I. (Fly-leaf). " Registrum Cartarum sive Cartularium 

Abbathife de Dale in agro Derbiensi." 
fo. 2. (Fly-leaf). " Ex dono Anchitelli Gray de Risley in 

com. Derb : Armigeri." 
ff, 3, 4. Index of places mentioned in the chartulary, in 

late seventeenth century hand, 
f. 5. An inserted fragment of the original account of the 

founding of the monastery (subsequently given in 

full), in a cramped thirteenth century hand. 
Stanley. 
fo. 6. Grant (imperfect at beginning) from ■ to the 

church of St. Mary de Parco Stanley of lands at 

Sandiacreweya, Brakenhul, Mere, Portewaye, abutting 

on Thorneclif, Smalleyforde, Moreforlong, Mulne- 

forlong, &c. fi.d. 
Grant from Walter Laundri de Stanley, mason, to 

the church de Parco Stanley, of lands .in Stanley 

(Moreforlong, Netherinland). ?i.d. 



84 THE CHARTULARY OF THE ABBEY OF DALE. 

fo. 6"^. Grant from Walter de Stanley, mason, to the same 
church of his right to lands in Stanley (Schoraspeland, 
VVetelandesike, Long Wetelandis, Lindis, Beligrave, 
Hullidoles, Longebenelandes, le Crokedhaler). n.d. 

Grant from Everard son of Richard Husselande of 
Stanley, to the same church, and to the canons of 
the Premonstratensian Order, of lands in Stanley 
(Colemanland). n.d. 
fo. 7. Grant from same to same of an annual rent of 12**. 
from lands in Stanley, n.d. 

Grant from Geoffrey son of William de Boyhawe to 
same of lands in Stanley, abutting upon Inlond and 
Inmedue. n.d. 

Grant from Geoffrey son of William de Boyhawe (with 
his body and that of Matilda, his wife) to the same 
church, of lands in Stanley (Longebrakenhul abutting 
on Southwode towards Brakenhul). ti.d. 

Grant from William son of Richard de Boltone to same 
church of lands in Stanley, n.d. 

Grant from Gena, son of William de Spondone, 
to the same church, of his right to lands in 
Stanley, which his father William and his mother 
Cristiana held. n.d. 
fo. 8. Grant from Lucas de Derby son of Gena son of 
William de Spondone, to the same church of lands 
in Stanley (torn). 7i.d. 
fo. 8''. Grant from William de Stanley to the same, of lands 
in Maperley. n.d. 

Grant from Hugh son of Robert son of Bela de 
Stanley, to the same, of lands in Stanley (Morfor- 
longe). n.d. 
fo. 9. Grant from Geoffrey Wyteman of Stanley to the same, 
of lands in Stanley (Dedemangrave, Aspland, 
Southweteland, Northbrech, Smalleyweye, Morley). 
n4. 



THE CHARTULARY OF THE ABBEY OF DALE. 85 

Grant from same to same, of lands in Stanley (Jake- 
brigge, Kyrkeforlong, Brakenhul, Brakenhulhanedes). 
n.d. 

Grant from Geoffrey Wyteman de Stanley, to the same, 

of land in Stanley (Dederodis, Mireputtes, Wete- 

land). ti.d. 
fo. 9\ Grant from Geoffrey Wyteman, of Stanley, to same, his 

claim to land called Suthwode. n.d. 
fo. 10. Grant from Richard son of Rachele de Stanleye, to the 

same, of land in Stanley (Suthboscus, Westhalum, 

Myreputtes). n d. 

Quit-claim from Richard son of Rachele de Stanley, to 
the same, of his right to lands in Stanley, dated at 
Stanley 11"' Kal. Apr. 1270. 

fo. io\ Covenant, dated 1270, on the feast of St. Benedict 
between Simon, abbot of Parco Stanley, and 
Richard (son of) Rachele of Stanleye, respecting 
an exchange of lands called Suthwode for lands next 
Dedemangrave. 
Quit-claim from William son of John, and William son 
of Hugh de Stanley, to the abbot and canons of 
Dale, of lands reaped by them, and of meadows 
which they mowed in Stanley, saving common of 
pasture after the corn &c. was carried. ?i.d. 

fo. II. Grant from Richard son of Richard de Stanley, to the 
church of St. Mary de Parco Stanley, of his claim 
to lands in Stanley, n.d. 
Grant from Adam Scriptor de Stanley to the same, of 
his right to land in Stanley, which land ihey held in 
the sS'" year of Henry IH. 
Bond- from William son of Geoffrey de Boyhawe for an 
annual payment of a pound of incense to the church 
of St. Mary de Parco Stanley at the Assumption of 
the Blessed Mary, and, in default, to pay in addition 
2s. towards the fabric fund of the said church. 



86 THE CHARTULARY OF THE ABBEY OF DALE. 

Extended transcript : — 

Omnibus Christi fidelibus ad quos presens scriptum pervenerit, 
Willelmus filius Galfridi de Boyhawe salutem in domino. 
Noverit universitas vestra me et heredes meos obligatos esse ad 
reddendum unam libram incensi domui Sancte Marie de Parco 
Stanleye, annuatim die Assumpcionis beate Marie super Altare 
majus ibidem vel infra octavas ejusdem. Et si non fecero 
persolvam pretium hec ij solidos ad opus fabrice ejusdem ecclesie 
quocienscunque defecero in liberam puram et perpetuam 
elemosinam. Et hoc fide media pro me et meis successoribus 
repromisi. Hiis testibus, etc. [Between 1270 and 1272.] 

fo. II^ Grant from William faber, de Stanley, son of Henry 
the priest, with the assent of his wife, Anothe, dau. of 
Richard Balle of Stanley, to the same, of lands in 
the field of Stanley and near the bridge of Morley, 
and at Thorneclif. ti.d. 
Grant from William, son of Anothe de Stanley, to 
same, of his right to land called Southewode, saving 
common of pasture after removal of the grain, and 
when the land shall He fallow, n.d. 

fo. 12. Grant from Geoffrey son of William de Stanley, to 
William his brother, of lands which Matilda their 
mother held in Stanley, also in Maperleghe, Weteland 
towards Maperley, Hullydoles towards Spondon — 
for an annual rent of ij"*. n.d. 
Quit-claim from Joan, relict of Sir William de 
Poyiigtone, to the same church of his right to lands, 
woods, &c., which the said church held of the gift 
of his ancestors. Dated at Poyngtone, 10 Kal. 
Apr. 1272. 

fo. I2^ Grant from William son of Ralph to Geoffrey de 
Salicosa-mara and Matilda, daughter of the said 
William, and wife to the said Ralph, of his lands in 
Stanley, for ;^ioo sterling. n.d. [Given in full, 
Dugdale's Monasticon, vi., 895, No. 2.] 



the chartulary of the abbey of dale. 87 

Okebroke. 

fo. 13. Grant from William FitzRalph to Serlo de Grendon, 
of his wood of Okebroke named Little Haye 
\tiomitiatim parvam Hayam\ , near the park of 
Thomas Bardolf, with liberty to enclose the same. 7i.d. 
[Dugdale, vi., 865, No. 3.] 
Grant from Serlo de Grendon to the church of the 
Blessed Mary de Depedaie, of his land of Boyhayes 
and Yatthemor, with food for 20 pigs at Okebroke. 
71. d. 
Grant from Geoffrey de Salicosa-mara to the church 
de Parco Stanley, of the gift which Serlo de Gren- 
don made to them of his lands of Okebroke. ii.d. 
[Dugdale, vi., 895, No. 4.] 

fo. 13''. Grant from William de Grendon, for the safely of his 
soul and that of Jordan his brother, to the church 
de Parco Stanley, which William FitzRalph, his lord, 
founded in his park of Stanley, by concession and 
will of the said William, of the house of Depedaie 
and also an annual rent of 6^ n.d. 
Grant from William de Grendon, for the safety of his 
soul and of that of Serlo his father and of Margaret 
his mother, and of Jordan and Fulcher his brothers, 
together with his body and that of Bertram his 
brother, to the church of Stanley of his land of 
Okebroke. Ji.d. [Dugdale vi., 896, No. 5.] 

fo. 14. Grant from Geoffrey de Salicosa mara, for the safety of 
his soul and of that of his wife Matilda, to the 
church of Stanley, of the gift which William de 
Grendon made to them of his land of Okebroke. 
Jt.d. 
Grant from Geoffrey de Salicosa-mara and Matilda his 
wife, daughter of William FitzRalph formerly seneschal 
of Normandy, to the church de Parco Stanley, of 
the gift which William de Grendon made to the said 



88 THE CHARTULARY OF THE ABBEY OF DALE. 

church, namely the house of Depedale and 6^ 
annual rent and 6 bovates in Okebroke. 7i.d. 
[Dugdale, vi., 896, No. 6.] 
fc. 14''. Grant from Hubert FitzRalph to the same church of 
the gift which William de Grendon made to them 
of his land of Okebroke. n.d. [Dugdale, vi., 896, 
No. 8.] 

Grant from Serlo de Grendon, for safety of his soul 
and of Juliana his wife, and of Serlo and Margaret 
his father and mother, and of William de Grendon 
and Jordan and Fulcher his brothers, to the same 
church of all his land of Okebroke. ii.d. [Dugdale, 
vi., 896, No. 9.] 
fo. 15. Grant from Geoffrey de Salicosa-mara for the safety of 
his soul and of that of Matilda his wife, to the said 
church of the gift which Serlo de Grendon made to 
them of his land of Okebroke. n.d. 

Grant from Engenulf son of Henry de Braylesford, to 
the same church of the gift which William de 
Grendon and Serlo his brother, uncles to the said 
Engenulf, made to them of their land of Okebroke 
n.d. 

Grant from Geoffrey de Salicosa-maia to the same church 
of his land of Sandiacre, and 6 bovates in Okebroke 
which John de Wyburvile gave him in exchange for 
his land in Normandy. 7i.d. 

Grant from Peter Pycothe, doniiniis de Burgo, to 
William de Grendon son of Serlo de Grendon, of 
the mill of Burgh (Borrowash) and all alders (a/ni's) of the 
island of Burgh growing or to be grown, for the 
repair of the mill pond, at a yearly rent of 2'. in 
silver, n.d. 
fo. 16. (MS. imperfect at this place). Fragment of a grant to 
the same church of a mill which belonged to Gilbert 
de Frayino, for an annual rent of 2^ n.d. 



I 



THE CHARTULARY OF THE ABBEY OF DALE. 89 

Grant from Peter Pigotes to the same church of lands 
in Burgh, and also from William son of Steynulph 
who held the land, with all their goods. 7i.d. 
Grant from Sir Thomas Bardulf to the abbot and 
convent de la Dale, of his claim to nine mills of 
Burgh upon Derwent, built by the said abbot, 
respecting which there was a suit in the 53''. year of 
Henry son of John. n.d. 

fo. I6^ Grant from Sir Thomas Bardulf to the same, of lands 
in Okebroke, which lie next Derwent, above the site 
of the nine mills of the said abbot, binding himself, 
in case of the recovery of the said abbot of the said 
house de la Dale from his infirmity, or of the 
appointment of another abbot, to levy a fine of the 
same. ii.d. 

Extended transcript : — 

Omnibus Christi fideliljus ad quos presens scriptum pervenerit, Dominus 
Thomas Bardulf salutem in domino. Noveritis me concessisse 
confirniasse de me et heredibus meis inperpetuum quietum clamasse 
domino Abljati et Conventui de la Dale et eorum successoribus, 
unam acram terre arabilis cum omnibus pertinenciis suis in 
Okebroke, que jacet juxta Derewenter et lanceat se versus orientem 
super situm nonorum molendinorum dictorum Canonicorum pro 
una acta terre arabilis quam inde habeo in escambium in territorio 
ejusdem ville quam scilicet Galfridus prepositus quondam tenuit. 
Habendum et tenendum dictis Canonicis in puram et perpetuam 
elemosinam. Et insuper obligavi me et heredes meos mea 
spontanea voluntate quod quam primum dictus Abbas dicte domus 
de la Dale de infirmitate sua convaluerit aut alius abbas creatus 
fuerit et voluerit, coram Justiciatiis domini Regis itinerantibus 
comparebo, et finem levare faciani inter me et dictos Abljatem et 
Conventum de dicta acra terre in Curia domini regis in puram et 
perpetuam elemosinam. In hujus rei testimonium presenti scripto 
sigillum meum apposui — Hiis testibus, etc. 

fo. 17. Grant from William Burdone to the church de Parco 
Stanley of his right to a wood called Heppewood in 
the territory of Okebroke. n.d. 
Quit-claim from Henry son of Thomas de Wylne to the 
church of Stanley, of his right to land called Heppe- 
wode which he had of William de Grendone. n.d. 



po THE CHARTULARY OF THE ABBEY OF DALE. 

fo. I7^ Grant from Robert son of Thomas de Wylne to the 
same of his right to land called Hepwode which he 
had of the gift of William de Grendone. n.d. 

Grant from Alan son of Thomas de Wilne to the same 
of the land called Hepwode which he had of Sir 
William de Grendone. n.d. 

fo. 1 8. Grant from William de Grendone to Robert son of 
Ralph de Okebrokes, forester, of land in Okebroke, 
for an annual rent of I2^ n.d. 

Grant from Robert son of Ralph de Okebroke, to the 
church of Stanley, of land in Okebroke, under 
Haregrene, and beyond the path of Draicote, and of 
land lying towards Burgh, n.d. 

fo. I8^ Confirmation from Geoffrey son of Robert Strekehalse 
of Okebroke to the same, of land wliich Robert his 
uncle sometime held in Okebroke and half the dower 
held by his mother of the same land, at her 
decease, n.d. 

Grant from the same to the same, of land in the same 
village, n.d. 

fo. 19. Quit-claim from Walter de Strettone to the abbot and 
convent de la Dale, of the gift which Sir William de 
Grendone, his uncle, made to them of his land of 
Okebroke. n.d. 

Confirmation from Patrick de Saucheverel to the 
church of Stanley, of the land in Hopwelle which 
they hold of the gift of Nicholas, son of Hugh de 
Strelley. n.d. 

Covenant, dated "ad natalem domini " 1255, between 
the abbot and convent " de parco Stanley " and 
Johanna, relict of Patrick de Sacheverel, son of Robert 
le Vavasour, of a grant by the said convent of land 
in the town of Hopwelle, to the said Johanna, for 
an annual rent of 2s. in silver. 



THE CHARtULARY OF THE ABBEY OF DALE. 91 

HOPWELL. 

fo. 19^ Grant from Nicholas, son of Hugh de Strelley, to the 
same of his land in Hopwelle, in exchange for land 
in Sandiacre. 

Trowell. 
fo. 20. Grant from William son of Richard de Trouelle to 
the same of lands in Trouwelle, and the woods of 
Estlound, and Broxhale. n.d. 
Grant from William son of Ralph de Trouwelle to the 
same, of the homage and service of Hugh Balokes 
of Trouwell and his heirs, together with a rent in 
Trouwell. For which grant the said William received 
from Robert de Esseburne, seven marks in silver, n.d. 
Grant from William son of Richard de Trouwelle to 
the same, of lands which his father held in Trouwelle, 
with the woods of Estlund and Broxsale. 7t.d. 
fo. 21. Grant from William son of Richard de Trouwelle, for 
the safety of his soul and of Sibilla wife of his father, 
to the same, of the homage and service of the above 
named William for lands in Trouwelle. n.d. 
Grant from Richard de Trouwelle to the same, of the 
homage and service of Hugh, son of Thomas de 
Cossale, with an annual rent which he used to pay 
for land in Cossale. n.d. 
fo. 2 lb. Grant from Richard de Trouwelle to the same, of an 
annual rent of 3s. of William de Stanley, for lands 
in Trouwelle. n.d. 
Grant from Robert son of Walter de Strelleye for 
safety of his soul and of that of William de Dyna, 
to the same, of lands in Trouwelle, also of a meadow 
m the park of Kyrkehalum. n.d. 

Alvaston. 

fo. 22. Grant from Matilda de Salico.sa-mara, daughter of 

William FitzRalph formerly seneschal of Normandy, 

for the safety of her soul and that of Sir Geoffrey 

de Salicosa-mara her husband, and of Robert the 



g2 THE CHARTULARV OF THE ABBEY OF DALE. 

bishop her brother, and of William, and of Adeline 
her sister, to the same, of her lordship of Alwoldistone. 
n.d. [Dugdale, vi., 896, No. 10.] 

fo. 2 2^. Grant from Geoffrey de Salicosa-mara and Matilda his 
wife, daughter of -William Fitz-Ralph, seneschal of 
Normandy, to the same, of his right to the mill of 
Bruces. n.d. 
Grant from Geoffrey de Salicosa-mara, for the safety 
of his soul and of Matilda his wife, to the same, of 
lands in Alwoldestone, at an annual rent of 6d. n.d. 

fo. 23. Grant from. Matilda de Salicosa-mara d-aughter of 
William (etc., etc.), for the safety of her soul and 
(as before), and of William de Tylli and of Adeline 
her sister, to the same (parco Stanley), of a grant 
made to them by Geoffrey her father of land in 
Alwoldestone, together with half of the mill of 
Burgh (Borrowash). ;/.(/. 
Grant from Matilda de Salico.sa-mara, in her widow- 
hood, to the same, of land which Geoffrey le 
Chaumberleyn held in Alwoldestone. n.d. 

fo. 24. Grant from Johanna de Poyntone widow, to the same, 
of an annual rent from lands in Alwaldestone, Aylwal- 
destone (Elvaston), Ambaldeston (Ambaston), and 
Thurlestone. n.d. 

Chellaston. 
Grant from Peter son of Robert the constable of 
Chalardestone (Chellaston) to the same, of lands in 
Chelardistone, lying towards Boltone, Brademere, 
Estone upon Wyteleyes, le Glerynsoubs, long hole, 
longwesthul, schortwesthul, and Croxunblondis. n.d. 

fo. 24b. Grant from same to same of lands in Chelardistone 
" super campum fontis," Redeclife, Dovecot, Swelles- 
mar', Bolton, Middilbochin, Lutecol', Derbichef, 
Westunesti', and Estone. n.d. 

fo. 25. Grant from Peter constable of Chelardestone to the 
same, of land in Chelardistone, Thurleston, forlong. 
n.d. 



THE CHARTULARY OF THE ABBEY OF DALE. 93 

Grant from the same to the same of lands in Chelar- 
destone, viz., Hallesflate, and Boleton. n.d. 
fo. 25''. Grant from Mabill formerly wife of Ralph de Boltone, 
to the same, for safety of her soul and of Ralph her 
husband and William, her son, of lands in Chelar- 
destone, viz., Mernines, flates, " Rubeum Montem," 
towards Svverkestone, Snellesmere, Brademerehokes, 
and Otehul. n.d. 
Confirmation from Peter the constable of Chelardeston 
to the same of a gift from Mabel formerly wife of 
Ralph de Boltone, of lands in Chelardestone. n.d. 
Bolton. 
fo. 26. Grant from William son of Richard de Bolton to the 
same of lands in Boltone and Alwaldestone, viz., in 
Oxendoles, Swetegrene, Acrelondes, Hanekeresdole, 
and Riggesdales. n.d. 
Grant from William son of Richard de Boltone to the 
same of lands in Alwaldestone and Bolton, abutting 
upon Swynesmere. s.d. 
fo. 26''. Grant from William son of Richard de Boltone to the 
same of lands in Boltone in Fayn\'ellesikes between 
Brakenes and land of the prior of Schelford. n.d. 
Alvaston. 
Grant of Walter Clericus de Aylwoldestone to Geoffrey 
de Salicosa-mara of all his messuage in Alwaldestone, 
for an annual rent of 6d. and 5 marks in silver, n.d. 
Confirmation from Walter Clericus de Alwaldestone for 
safety of his soul and of Emma his wife to the same 
(Parco de Stanley), of a grant from Geoffrey de 
Salico.sa-mara of a messuage in Alwaldestone, for an 
ann. rent of 6d. n.d. 
fo. 27^ Similar grant, n.d. 

Grant from the same to the same of lands in the same 
place, viz., in Sydenfen, towards Onnestale and next 
Salteresty, also towards Osemundistone, Aylburttes 
Thomes, Estfeld and Acrelondes. n.d. 



94 THE CHARTULARY OF THE ABBEY OF DALE. 

Grant from Robert de Haregrene to the same, of land 
in Ahvaldestone upon Ferihule, and between Bolton 
and Cokerfen. ti.d. 
fo. 28. Grant from the same to the same of lands in 
Alwaldstone and Bolton called Henneacre and 
Fullwelle. n.d. 

Grant from the same to the same of land in Westfeld 
to Weynford. n.d. 
fo. 28^. Grant from the same to the same, of lands in Alwastone, 
near the meadow of the prior of Schelford. n.d. 
Grant from Geoffrey de Haregreve to the same, of land 
next the messuage which Stephen Fitz Burge gave 
them towards the grange of the abbot of Derley. n.d. 

Bolton. 

fo. 29. Grant from William son of Richard de Boltone, to the 
same of lands in Bolton, n.d. 
Grant from the same to the same of lands in same at 
Rudicheweye, lying between them and le Henedinges. 

n.d. 

« 

fo. 29*^. Confirmation from the same to the same of lands in 
Boltone, which Robert his brother held there, n.d. 
Grant from the same to the same of land in Bolton and 
Alwaldestone, viz., in Bernardeswelle, and next 
Osemundestonmere, also in Ryssemere. n.d. 
fo. 30. Grant from Richard son of William son of Richard 
de Boltone to the same, of land in Bolton, n.d. 
Grant from William son of Richard de Boltone, to the 
same, of lands in Bolton, towards Breche. n.d. 
fo. 30''. Grant from the same to the same of lands in Alwol- 
destone, next Weynford. n.d. 
Grant from the same to the same of lands in Bolton 
and Alwoldestone called Dale acre, and in Holme 
towards Sydenfen. n.d. 
Grant from Geoffrey de Deyckes to the same of his right 
to land in Bolton, n.d. 



THE CHARTULARY OF THE ABBEY OF DALE. 

Alvaston. 
fo. 3r. Grant from Geoffrey de Haregreve to the same, of land 
in Alwaldestone in Smethelancrofte. n.d. 
Grant from the same to the same, of land in the same 
place, n.d. 

Grant from Stephen son of Burge of Alwaldestone to the 
same of lands in Alwalde' lying upon Lambecotes near 
the land of the abbot of Dale. n.d. 
Grant from Stephen son of Burg' de Alwaldestone to the 
same, of lands in Alwaldestone in Chelardistone, lying 
between le clines and the lands of the abbey n d 
Grant from the same to the same of lands in 
Alwoldestone, between the meadow Lambekyn and 
the meadow of Robert de Haregraves. n d 
fo. 32. Grant from Hugh de Gumey to the same of lands in 
Alwoldestone. n.d. 
Quit-claim from the same to the same of lands in 
Alwoldeston. n.d. 
fo. S2\ Quit-Claim from Stephen son of Burge de Alwoldeston 
to the same, of the homage and service of Robert 
de Etewelle for a messuage in Alwodestone. n.d 
Grant from Henry son of Peter de Boltone to the same 
of lands in Alwaldestone and Boltone. s.d. 
fo. 33- Grant from the same to the same of lands in 
Alwoldestone. n.d. 
Grant from the same to the same of lands in Alwal- 
deston next the meadow Ternagaunt'. n.d. 
fo. 33b. Grant from the same to the same, of land in Lyttel- 
medue, lying upon Cleyforlong'. n.d. 
Grant from the same to the same of lands in Boltone 
abutting upon Brakemere, and half an acre beyond 
"le mor." n.d. 
fo. 34. Grant from the same to the same of an annual rent 

m Alwaldestone. n.d. 
fo. 34*^. Grant from Robert son of Walter de Alwoldeston to 
the same, of lands in Alwoldestone, upon Brakemere 
and at " le pitta," and at " le holm." n d 



96 THE CHARTULARY OF THE ABBEY OF DALE. 

fo. 35. Grant from same to same, of his right to a tenement 
in Ahvoldestone. 

fo. 35*^. Grant from Robert, son of Walter, clerk of Alwoldeston, 
to the same, of lands in Bernardeswelle, and Alwold- 
eston. n.d. 
Confirmation from Henry, son of Walter clerk of 
Alwoldeston to the same, for safety of his soul and 
of that of Emma his mother, of the lands given to 
the same by Walter his father in Alwoldestone, viz., 
in Sydenfen towards Tunstall and Salteresti and 
Osemondeston, and in Aylbutthornes, Estfeld and 
Arelondes. n.d. 

fo. 36. Quit-claim from Ralph de Fretchvile to Elianore 
daughter of Geoffrey le Chaumburleyn, of lands in 
Alwaldestone for a sum of 3 marks in silver, n.d. 
Grant from Eleanora formerly wife of Robert Prendegeste 
to the monastery of Stanleye, of lands in Alwoldeston 
which belonged to Robert de Chaumburleyn her 
uncle, n.d. 

fo. 36'^. Quit-claim from Roger son of Geoffrey le Chaumberleyn 
to the church of Stanleye, of lands in Alwoldeston, lying 
in longforlong. n.d. 

fo. 37. Grant from Anckerus son of Ralph de Fretchenvile to 
the same of his right to half the mill in Alwoldeston 
called the mill of Burgo with the osieries called 
Mulneker and le Cletiholm, and with appurtenances 
in Aylwaldestone, Ambaldestone, and Thurlestone, and 
wood to repair the ditches to be taken from the woods 
of Stanley, Okebroke, or Gothay. Saving to said 
Anckerus fishing in Spondone and Gothay. Dated at 
the abbey of la Dale on the feast of St. John Bapt. 
A°. dni. 1 26 1. 

Extended transcript : — 

Omnibus Christi fidelibus ad ijuos presens scriptum pervenerit, 
Anckerus filius Radulphi de Fretchenvile, salutem in domino. 
Noveritis me pro salute anime mee et pro animabus omnium 
antecessorurn et successorum menruni dedisse et concessjsse et 



THE CHARTULARY OF THE ABBEY OF DALE. 97 

hac present! carta mea confirmasse Deo et Ecclesie beate Marie 
<le Parco Stanleye, et canonicis ordinis premonstratensium 
ibidem deo serx'ientibus in liberam puram et perpetuam elemo- 
sinam, Totam medietatem meam quam habui in molendino de 
Alwaldestone quod vocatur molendinum de Burgo, cum toto 
alneto quod vocatur Mulneker et alio alneto quod vocatur le 
Cletiholme que pertinent ad ipsum molendinum cum situ ipsius 
molendini, et cum tota sequela omnium hominum meorum de 
Alwaldestone, Ayhvaldestone, Ambaldestone et Thurlestone, et 
cum operacione hominum eorumdem cum dicti canonici viderint 
sibi necesse est, dummodo ultra noctem per servientem dictorum 
canonicorum fuerint summoniti, videlicet quod cum stangnum 
in aliqua sui parte fractum fuerit, dicti canonici invenient 
meremium in bosco suo de Stanleye vel de Okebroke vel de 
Gothay, et dicti homines qui debent sectam illud cariabunt 
sumptibus suis usque ad molendinum, et in ipso stangno in 
necessariis operabunt quousque bene molere possit dictum 
molendinum, ipsumque stangnum cum necesse fuerit scurabunt 
et mundabunt. Et cum viis semitis et cum libero introitu et 
exitu cum aqua stagno et piscacione ad ipsum molendinum 
pertinentibus, salvo mihi et heredibus meis et familie nostre 
passagio per batellum et vadum sicut solebamus, et salva mihi 
et libere familie mee multura cujuslibet bladi, cum ego et libera 
familia mea ibidem apud Alwaldestone prebend inaverimus, et 
salva multura capitalis servientis mei ibidem in absencia mea. 
Ita scilicet quod ego cum presens apud Alwaldestone fuero, 
vel serviens meus cum absens fuero primi molemus post ipsum 
cujus bladus est super molendinum sicut solebamus. Et 
predict! homines mei facientes sectam ad molendinum illud 
molent ad multuram sicut molere consueverunt, tempore ante- 
cessorum meorum, videlicit ad tercium decimum granum. Et 
salva mihi et heredibus meis piscacione inter vadum de 
Spondone et Gothay, sicut piscari solebam, Et si homines 
mei predicti molantes alibi quam ad dictum molendinum, 
nisi sit ex licencia abbatis et coventus dicte domus vel 
pro defectu molendini puniantur sic quod equus capiatur ad 
opus Ankeri vel heredum suorum, et saccus et farina abbati 
remaneant. Et si dictus abbas voluerit dictum molendinum 
alibi amovere, liciat illi illud construere et stangnum suum 
attachiare nisi melius et commodius sibi viderit expedire 
in terra sua super predictas divisas, salvis mihi et heredibus 
meis libertatibus meis prenominatis. Habendum et tenendum 
dictis canonicis totam dictam medietatem dicti molendini cum 
omnibus pertinenciis suis sicut predictum est, in liberam puram 
et perpetuam elemosinam. Et ego dictus Ankerus et heredes 
mei dictam medietatem dicti molendini cum omnibus pertin- 
enciis suis sicut predictum est, dictis canonicis et successoribus 



98 THE CHARTULARY OF THE ABBEY OF DALE. 

contra omnes gentes Warantizabimus et ilefendemus et de omni- 
bus ad quietabimus in perpetuam. In hujus autem rei testi- 
monium presenti scripto sigillum meum apposui. Hiis testibus, 
etc., Actum apud abbaciam de la Dale ad festum Sancti 
Johannis Baptiste anno domini M". CC°. lx°. primo. 

fo. 37^ Quit-claim from the .same to the same, for safety of 
his soul and of Johanna his wife and Gwillem his 
mother, of all actions, etc., with respect to lands they 
hold of the gift of Elianore daughter of Geoffrey 
Camerarius, in Alwaklestone, at a yearly rent of 12'^. 
n.d. 

fo. 38. Grant from Hubert son of Ralph, for safety of his soul 
and of Adeline his wife, to the same, of lands in 
Alwastone. n.d. 
Grant from Thurston de Tregan and Elianora his wife 
daughter of Geoffrey Camerarius of Alwoldestone, to 
the same, of lands the .s'' Geoffrey gave them in 
Alwoldestone, in Estone. n.d. 

fo. 38''. Grant from Robert son of Roger son of Godwyne of 
Alwoldestone, to the same, of lands in Alwaklestone, 
viz., at Lydgate between the lands of the abbey of 
Dale and the land of Stephen son of Burge. n.d. 
Grant from Stephen son of Robert de Alwald" to the 
same, of lands in Alwold'. n.d. 

fo. 39. Grant from Roger son of William le Hostiler of Alwald', 
for safety of his soul and of Matilda his mother, to 
the same, of lands in Alwold' lying in Brakenmere. 
n.d. 
Grant from the same to the same, of lands in 
Alwoldestone between the lands of the abbot of 
Derley and those of Henry Deth'. ?i.d. 

fo. 39*^. Grant from Geoffrey le Sonwere of Alwokleston' to the . 
same, of lands in Alwoldestone, lying in Alberch- 
thornes. n.d. 
Grant from Serlo son of Robert de Derby to the same, 
of lands in Alwoldestone, viz., at the head of the 
town towards Luccherche next Polleford. n.d. 



THE CHARTULARY OF THE ABBEY OF DALE. 99 

fo. 40. Grant from Hugh, dean, son of Simon de Derby, for 
the safety of his soul and of Simon his father and 
Steinware his mother, and of lord Alexander, bishop of 
Coventry (i 224-1238) and of Hugh his (grantor's) son, 
and of Emma de Schardeclive and Isolda his daughters, 
to the same, of land in Ahvaldestone. n.d. 

Grant from Cecilia daughter of Ralph, son of Ernisius 
de Chadisdene, to the same, of lands in Alwaston', 
viz., in Tunges, and Stinkandesike, and between the 
land of the canons of Schelford to Crumbedesike. 
n.d. 

fo. 40*^. Grant from Avice de Salicosa-mara formerly wife of 
William de Benigwit, widow, to the same, of lands 
in Alwastone. n.d. 

Grant from Robert de Muskham, for the safety of his 
soul and of Agnes his wife, to the same, of a rent 
of lands which he received in marriage with the said 
Agnes, in Amboldeston. n.d. 

fo. 41. Grant from Hugh son of Robert de Muscham, for the 
safety of his soul and of Ydonia his wife, to the same, 
of lands in Ambaldestone, together with an annual 
rent. n.d. 

Grant from Hugh de Muskham to the same, of lands 
in Ambaldestone. n.d. 

fo. 41''. Grant from Ralph son of Ernisius de Chadisdene, to 
the same, of rent of lands in Alwaldestone, which 
Cecilia his daughter held. n.d. 
Grant from the same to the same of land in Alwaldestone, 
in exchange for land in Burge. n.d. 

fo. 42. Acknowledgment by J. abbot of Stanley, of lands in 
Alwaldestone, Aylwaldestone, Ambaldestone and from 
Sir Walter de Senynton, Thurlestone, for the support 
of a canon saying the mass of the Blessed Mary, and 
of land in Stanford, for similar purpose, in the house 
of la Dale. n.d. 



lOO THE CHARTULARY OF THE ABBEY OF DALE. 

Grant from Robert son of Roger le Parker of Alwal- 
destone to the same, of the gift made to them by 
Robert son of Walter clerk, of land in Bernardewelle 
in Alwald'. n.d. 

fo. j^2°. Grant from Andrew son of Cecilia " ad fraxinum de 
AlwaldV' to the same, of lands at le Blachemild'. n.d. 
Grant from Amalric de Gassi, Knt., to the same of a 
rent from lands in Amboldestone, which Robert de 
Muscham had in marriage with Agnes his wife sister 
to the said Amalric with the patronage of the church 
of Egintone. n.d. 

fo. 43. Grant from William son and heir of Thomas Young of 
Derby, to the same, of a tenement in Alwaldestone, 
that viz. which he had at the death of Henry chaplain 
and vicar of St. Wereburge of Derby, his uncle, n.d. 
Covenant in the 47 year of Henry III. between William 
son of Roger de Chelardestone and the abbot of 
Stanleye, respecting a grant of land in Alwold', butting 
upon the moor of Boltone, lying between the lands of 
the canons and Downe Rockes, in exchange for lands 
in Chalardestone. n.d. 

fo. 43^. Release from William de Alta Rypa to the same canons, 
of lands in Alwold' and of rents of lands in the same, 
to be received from various persons, for four marks 
in silver, n.d. 

fo. 44. Grant from Paganus son of Roger de Ahvoldestone to 
the same, of lands in Alwold', lying in le Portford 
between the lands of the abbot of Darley and those 
of Robert fitz Peter, n.d. 

fo. 44^. Grant from Henry Swyftes son of Peter Swyftes of 
Derby, to the same, of land in Aldwold', lying upon 
Estfeld. n.d. 
Grant from Geoffrey de Salicosa Mara and Matilda his 
wife, to the same, of lands in Alwoldestone. n.d. 

fo. 45. Grant from Stephen de Yrtone for the safety of his 
soul and of William his son, to the same, of lands 
in Normantone. n.d. 



THE CHARTULARY OF THE ABBEY OF DALE. lOr 

Grant from Robert de Cardoyl in Spondone to the same, 
of an annual rent of 2s. from lands in Lockay. n.d. 
fo. 45*^. Grant from Robert son of Henry son of Peter de Bol- 
tone to the church of the Blessed Mary de la Dale, 
of his rights in the holme of Alwaldestone. n.d. 
Grant from Roger son of William formerly marshall of 
Alwoldestone, to the church of Stanley, of lands which 
belonged to William his father in Alwoldestone. n.d. 
fo. 46. Covenant between brother John de Lincoln, abbot of 
la Dale and Hugh de Haregrene respecting common 
of pasture in Alwoldestone in a place called le Holme, 
and also in Stokwelles flats. Dated at Derby on 
Monday next before the feast of S'. Bartholomew the 
Apostle, A°. 28 Edw. I. 
fo. 46*^. Grant from Philip de Tuke to the church of Stanley 
of a messuage in the town of Leke, and land at 
Enedeford and at Sandfurlong and Renyandesyke also 
at Wodhondiche, Wadhon, Wadhonsiche Brakenfur- 
long, Staingate, and Swynestiht.' n.d. (Names of 
witnesses given for the first time.) 
fo. 47. Bond from Robert son of William de Leke to the 
canons of Stanley, for 5^ rent respecting lands in 
the town of Leke. n.d. (Witnesses.) 
fo. 47^. Grant from Philip de Toke to the same of lands in 
Leke. n.d. (Witnesses.) 
" Memorandum de pecunia Molendini de Alwaston." 
[Entered by a later hand.] 
Kirk Hallam. 

fo. 48. Grant from Richard the knight of Sandiacre to the 
church of Stanley of lands in Kyrkehalum next the 
lands given them by him to make a quarry, n.d. 
Grant from Richard son of Peter de Sandiacre, knt. to 
the same of a toft in Kyrkehalum, with the patronage 
of the church, n.d. 



102 THE CHARTULARY OF THE ABBEY OF DALE. 

fo. 48''. Grant from Ralph son of Hugh de Halum, to the same 
of lands in his culture of Weteskate in Kyrkehalum 
lying between le fildingesgate and le fernisflate. Jt.d. 
Confirmation from John, son of Richard de Sandiacre 
knight, to the same, of lands which they held of the 
gift of Sir Richard his father, in Kyrkehalum, together 
with the patronage of the church, and the culture 
which is called Yunridinge, etc. n.d. 

Extended transcript : — 

Omnibus Christi fidelibus ad quos presens scriptum pervenerit 
Johannes filius Ricardi de Sandiacre militis salutem in domino, 
Noverit universitas vestra quod ego pro amore dei et pro salute 
anime mee et pro animabus omnium antecessorum, et succes- 
sorum meorum et omnium fidelium defunctorum, concessi et 
hac presenti carta mea confirmavi et omnino de me et heredibus 
meis imperpetuum quietum clamavi Deo et Ecclesie Beate 
Marie de Parco Stanleye, et canonicis ibidem deo servientibus, 
omnes terras, culturas et incultas, redditus et tenementa que 
habent et tenent de dono domini Ricardi patris mei tarn in 
villa parco et in territorio de Kyrkehalum quani alibi. Concessi 
etiam et omnino de me et heredibus meis in perpetuum quietum 
clamavi predictis ecclesie et canonicis unum toftum in villa 
de Kyrkehalum cum omnibus pertinenciis suis illud scilicet quod 
Robertus Carpentarius tenuit et totum jus patronatus Ecclesie 
de Kyrkehalum quod predictus Ricardus pater meus eisdem 
Ecclesie et canonicis contulit cum tofto supradicto. Concessi 
insuper et confirmavi dictis Ecclesie et canonicis de Parco 
Stanleye totum tenementum quod habent et tenent in parco 
ejusdem ville de Kyrkehalum et extra, de donis Radulfi de 
Halum et domini Roberti de Stretleya et culturam que vocatur 
Yunridinge cum pertinenciis uuam habent de dono Walteri de 
Morley, cum homagiis et serviciis libere tenencium, wardis, 
releviis, escaetis, et aliis proficuis que ad ipsos canonicos perti- 
nent in eadem villa de Kyrkehalum cum toto jure et clamio 
que in supradictis omnibus aliquo modo habui et habere potui. 
Habendum et tenendum predictis ecclesie et canonicis et eorum 
successoribus in liberam, puram et perpetuam elemosinam, 
solutam et quietam ab omni servicio seculari, sectis curie, ex 
accione et demanda quacunque, sine aliquo ritememento mei 
vel alicujus ex parte mea inperpetuum, Ad majorem autem 
hujus in securitatem presenti scripto sigillum meum apposui 
in testmionium premissorum. Hiis testibus, etc. 
Covenant between Richard, knt. son of Peter de San- 
diacre and the abbot of Stanley, by which the said 



THE CHARTUIARY OF THE ABBEY OF DALE. IO3 

Richard demises to the said abbot lands in his park 
of Kyrkehalum in exchange for lands next le Flitgore 
as far as " Siketam del sal," and thence to a trench 
between it and the wood of Stanton, and thence 
ascending as far as the said Flithgore, for 30 years, 
beginning at Michaelmas 23 Henrj- III. Rent i2d. 
and a sum of i6 marks " ad quietandum de Judaismo 
versus Davit Judeum de Notingham et liberos ejus." 

fo. 49*^. Grant from Richard de Sandiacre to Ralph, son of 
Nicholas, for the homage of Walter de Morley and 
2s. for lands in Kyrkehalum. To hold " infra ser- 
vicium " which the said Ralph is held to render for 
the town of Cheylmardone. tt.d. 

fo. 50. Power of attorney from Robert son of Ralph son of 
Nicholas to John Blund his seneschal to place the 
abbot of le Dale in full session of his rights in 
Kyrkehalum, viz., the fealty of lady Johanna, widow 
of Walter de Morley in Kyrkehalum, and of the profits, 
etc., arising from tenements held by the i^ Walter 
and Johanna in Kyrkehalum. Dated A° 4^ Hen. III. 
Bond from Walter de Morley to Sir Ralph son of Nicholas 
for 2^ yearly for lands in Kyrkehalum held of Sir 
Richard de Sandiacre, and the said Walter requests 
the favour of being attorney to the said Ralph for the 
yearly payment of the same, and if he cannot obtain 
that favour then he will give to the said Ralph, ioo=. 

fo. 50*'. Grant from Robert son and heir of Ralph son of 
Nicholas to the church of Stanley of his lordship in the 
town of Kyrkehalum and the homage of the heirs 
of the late Walter de Morley. n.d. 

fo. 51. Grant from Ralph son of Hugh de Haluni to Nicholas 
son of Hugh de Wermundesworthe, of lands with 
wood, from the wood of the abbot of le Dale to 
land of the said Ralph, from Stantone to the wood of 
Mathew the mason of Sandiacre. Saving a certain 
right of way. Rent a pair of white gloves, n.d. 



104 THE CHARTULARY OF THE ABBEY OF DALE. 

Grant from Nicholas son of Hugh de Wermundesworthe 
to the church of Stanley, of lands in Kyrkehalum, 
with villeins etc. Rent i lb. of cummin. 7i.d. 

fo. 51^. Grant from Nicholas son of Hugh de Wermundeswerthe, 
for safety of his soul and of Johanna his wife, to 
the church of Stanley, of lands and wood growing 
thereon in Blakeker, between the lands of the Abbey 
and the lands of Ralph de Halum and from Stantone 
to the wood of Mathew the mason, etc., saving the 
angle of the Alderham where there is a spring of 
water. Warranty against all people Christians and 
Jews, in his manors of Breydestone and Wyvelesthorpe. 
n.d. 

fo. 52. Grant from Roger son of Hugh de Wermondesworthe, 
to the church of Stanley, of lands in Kyrkehalum, 
which Nicholas his brother gave him in exchange for 
lands in Graneberge. n.d. 

fo. 52^. Grant from Matilda de Jorz widow of Hugh de Wer- 
mundesworthe to the same, of her claim, by reason 
of dower, to lands which they held in Kyrkehalum, 
of the gift of Nicholas her son. n.d. 
Acknowledgment from William son of Geoffrey de 
Boyhawe of his obligation to pay i lb. of incense to 
the church of Stanley annually, and otherwise 2^. 
towards the fabric fund of the said church, whenever 
required, n.d. 
Ordination made by authority of Alexander, Bishop of 
Lichfield and Coventr}^ between the abbot of le Dale, 
patron and rector of the church of Kyrkehalum and 
Henry, vicar of the said church on one part, and 

fo. 53. Hugh de Strelleye and Matilda his wife, on the other, 
the said abbot having granted permission to the said 
Hugh and Matilda to have a chapel within the 
boundary (septa) of the house of Maperley in which 
divine service should be celebrated. There was to 
be no celebration in the chapel on the principal 



THE CHARTULARY OF THE ABBEY OF DALE. IO5 

feasts, when Hugh and Matilda were to attend the 
mother church, unless hindered by sickness or other 
urgent cause. The chaplain was not to suffer any 
parishioners save the household to use the chapel 
unless with the assent of the vicar, n.i. 
Grant from Richard de Sandiacre, knight, to the church 

of Stanley, of lands in Kyrkehalum. n.d. 
Grant from Nicholas son of Hugh de Strelleye to Roger 
his son, of lands in Kyrkehalum, which Hugh his 
father bought of Richard de Sandiacre, with villeins, 
etc. Rent id. 

fo. 54. Grant from Richard de Sandiacre son of Peter de 
Sandiacre to Ralph son of Hugh de Halum, of lands 
in Kyrkehalum, in his demesne called le Weteflate. 
n.d. 
Letters from Simon de Aslactone, sheriff of Nottingham 
and Derby notifying, that at the request of the abbot 
of la Dale, he had been present on the day of 
Sts. John ( ? Peter) and Paul in the 44 year of 
Henry III., when Nicholas son of Hugh de Wer- 
mundesworth, enfeoffed the said abbot, in all his 
land in the park of Kyrkehalum, called le Blakeker, 
with wood growing thereon. Witn. Walter de Morley, 
Richard de Westone, Hugh de Stapulforde, etc. 

fo. 54*^. Covenant, 44 Henry HI., between the abbot of parco 
Stanley and Ralph son of Hugh de Halum, by 
which the said Ralph grants, to the feast of 
Nativity of S'. John Bapt. following, and for 12 
marks in silver, all his arable land in the park of 
Kyrkehalum, as well as that of Siffonhul as that which 
extends itself (" lanceat se ") to Stantone, with the 
osier-bed called le Berneker. 

fo. 55. Acknowledgment by Ralph son of Hugh de Halum, 
of a debt of three marks and a half to the abbot 
of la Dale, on the day of the Invention of the Holy 
Cross, and in case of non-payment, the canons to 
retain his land in the park of Kyrkehalum, lying 



I06 THE CHARTULARY OF THE ABBEY OF DALE. 

between the lands of Walter de Morley and the hedge 
beyond le Waterfalsike, and between the hedge where 
his house stands and le Echengrene, etc. A" 1263. 

fo. ss^. Promise from Nicholas .son of Hugh de Wermundes- 
worthe to the abbot of Stanley, that he will neither 
give nor alienate, without consent of the said abbot, 
the wood which is called le Blakeker. And if, at 
any time, he should desire to sell it, the abbot for 
the time being, as next lord, shall have it on the 
estimation of Henry Tenery, Walter de Morleye, etc. 
Dat. at la Dale, at Pentecost, A°. 1260. 
Agreement by brother Hugh, called abbot de parco 
Stanley, that, whereas, Ralph de Halum is bound to 
them in xij marks, by which they have delivered him 
from the Jews (a Jtidaysmo), the said abbot, at his 
request, agrees, that in case the said sum be paid 
on S'. Martin's day in winter next ensuing, the lands 
in the park of Kyrkehalum, enfeoffed to them, shall 
revert to him without di.spute. Dated, at la Dale, the 
vigil of Sts. Peter and Paul A°. 1260. 

fo. 56. Grant from Ralph son of Hugh de Halum, to the 
church of Stanley, of lands in the park of Kyrke- 
halum, called le Syffonhule, with head lands extending 
towards Stantone, etc. n.d. 
Grant from Ralph son of Hugh de Halum, to the ch. 
of Stanley, of lands in Kyrkehalum, with wood growing 
thereon, lying between the land of Walter de Morley 
and the hedge beyond le Waterfalsike, and his house 
and le Echingrene. n.d. 

fo. 56*^. Grant from Ralph son of Hugh de Halum, for safety 
of his soul and of Agnes his wife, to the same, of 
lands in the park of Kyrkehalum. n.d. 
Grant from Walter de Levedale in Halum for the safety 
of his soul and of Johanna his wife, to the same of 
lands lying near the quarry of Halum. 7i.d. 

fo. 57. Grant from Richard de Sandiacre to the same, of a 
culture called Hetiflate in Kyrkehalum. n.d. 



THE CHARTULARY OF THE ABBEY OF DALE. IO7 

fo. 57''. Grant from Richard, son of Peter de Sandiacre to Ralph 

son of Hugh de Halum, of his land in the park of 

Kyrkehalum. Rent i2d. n.d. 
Grant from Ralph son of Hugh de Halum, for the safety 

of his soul and of Agnes his wife, to the church of 

Stanley of the withy-ham called le Blakeker in the 

park of Kyrkhalum : saving a withy-ham called 

Cinderhulker. n.d. 
fo. 58. Grant from Richard de Sandiacre, knight, to the same, 

of the homage and ser\'ice of Ralph Burge, viz., 6d. 

for a tenement in Kyrkehalum and the ser\'ice of 

Richard Sneype, viz., 6d. annually for lands in the 

same place, n.d. 
Grant from Richard de Sandiacre, knight, to the same 

of lands in Kyrkehalum, lying between the quarry and 

his park of Halum. ;/.(/. 
fo. 58^ Grant from Walter de Morley, to the same, of half a 

toft in Kyrkehalum. n.d. 
Confirmation from Hugh, son and heir of Ralph de 

Halum, to the same, of lands, woods and tenements 

which they had of the gift of Ralph his father in the 

park, town and territory of Kyrkehalum, etc., etc. 

n.d. 
fo. 59. Quit-claim from Hugh, son and heir of Ralph de Halum 

to the same, of lands etc. (as in the preceding deed). 

n.d. 

fo. 59''. Grant for 6^ from Richard de Sandiacre, knight, to 
the same of lands in his wood of Kyrkehalum, lying 
towards Westhalum and extending to the quarry 
towards Kyrkehalum as far as Flatgore, for 40 years 
from the year 1234. Rent 9d. 

fo. 60. Grant from Richard, son of Peter de Sandiacre to the 
same, of land in his park of Kyrkehalum, in exchange 
for 30 acres, the said land lying next le Flatgore and 
extending eastward to " siketam de le sal','' and thence 
to the wood of Stantone, etc. n.d. 



Io8 THE CHARTULARY OF THE ABBEY OF DALE. 

Grant from Richard, son of Peter de Sandiacre to Ralph, 
son of Hugh de Halum, of lands in Kyrkehalum. 
n.d. 
Grant from Richard Miles son of Peter de Sandiacre, 
to the church of Stanley, of land in his park of Kyrke- 
halum to make a fish pond upon siketa next le sal, 
for 30 years from Michaelmas day A°. 23 Henry HI. 

fo. 61. Grant from Richard de Sandiacre to the same, of 
lands in his wood of Kyrkehalum, extending from the 
quarry of the abbey to the wood of the canons, n.d. 
Grant from Richard de Sandiacre, knight, to the same, 
of his capital messuage in Kyrkehalum, as far as 
Nutebrokes, and all his land in his park of Kyrke- 
halum, between Stantone and le Waterfalsike, and le 
Blakeker and the trench of Syffonhul. n.d. 

fo. 61'^. Grant from Richard de Sandiacre son of Peter de 
Sandiacre to the same, of his mill of Kyrkehalum, 
and lands in Halum. n.d. 

fo. 62. Grant from Richard son of Peter de Sandiacre, to the 
same, of all his lands in his park of Kyrkehalum, 
between the assart of the abbot of la Dale and Stan- 
tone, n.d. 

fo. 62''. Grant from Richard de Sandiacre, knight, to the same, 
of all his land in his park of Kyrkehalum, lying 
between Stantone and the hedge beyond le Waterfal- 
sike, and between le Blakeker and Syffonhul', and all 
his culture in the wood of Kyrkehalum called 
Alnivelee. n.d. 

fo. 63. Grant for one mark in silver, from Simon Barets of 
Nottingham to Walter de Morley, of the use of the 
lands which the said Walter bought of Ralph de 
Herford. n.d. 

fo. 63. Grant from Richard de Byrone, to the church of Stanley, 
of his right to William son of Geoffrey de Boyhawe 
with his goods, n.d. 
Grant from Richard son of Peter de Sandiacre to Ralph 
son of Hugh de Halum, of land in his park of Kyrke- 
halum, etc. Rent id. n.d. 



THE CHARTULARY OF THE ABBEY OF DALE. IO9 

fo. 63''. Jiond from Ralph son of Hugh de Halum, to 

45 Hen. the church of Stanley, for 2 quarters of wheat 
in. and half a quarter of oats, and i6s., to be paid on 
the feast of S'. John Bapt. A". 45 Henry HI. (Con- 
ditions follow.) 
fo. 64. Grant from Ralph son of Hugh de Halum to the same, 
of all his land in the park of Kyrkehalum, lying 
between the ditch of Walter de Morley and the hedge 
beyond le Waterfalsike, and his house and le Ethene- 
grene. Also a meadow formerly belonging to William 
son of Robert le Vavasur, to the coming of age of 
the heir of the said William. With right of way from 
Syfonhul to Stantone for the cattle of Johanna widow 
of Walter de Morley and Roger her son, and no others, 
and the said wood is called le Cinderhulgrenes. n.d. 
fo. 64*^. Grant from Richard son of Peter de Sandiacre to 
Walter, son of Thomas de Henovere, of all the land 
which Peter son of Robert Carpenter of Kyrkehalum, 
held of him, in le Wytesfiate and upon Rihul', and 
upon Plumbtreleye, Wetemedue, and Blakegrene. 
Rent id. n.d. 
fo. 65. Grant from Walter son of Thomas de Henovre to the 
church of Stanley, of lands which Peter son of Robert 
de Kyrkehalum formerly held, viz. in Wyteslate, 
Rihul, Plumbtreleye, Wetemedue, and Blakegreve. 
ti.d. 
Lease from Richard son of Peter de Sandiacre to Peter 
son of Robert de Halum of lands in Kyrkehalum. 
Rent 3od. ti.d. 
fo. 65^. Covenant made A°. 45 Henry HI., between the abbot 
of Stanley and Mathew de Sandiacre, mason and 
Christiana his wife, of a grant to them of land in the 
park of Kyrkehalum [a long deed, and imperfect, the 
following leaf or leaves being wanting], 
fo. 66. Grant from Ralph de Hereford to the church of Stanley 
of a place of land called Westmedue with the 
withyham as far as the park of Kyrkehalum. n.d. 



no THE CHARTULARY OF THE ABBEY OF DALE. 

Grant from Ralph son of William cle Hereford to Ralph 
son of Hugh de Halum of his wood in Stauntone 
lying between the wood of Robert de Muskham and 
the trench of Kyrkehalum park and le Middilbroke. 
Rent id. n.d. 

Stanton. 

fo. 66^. Grant from Ralph de Hereforde to the church of Stanley 
of lands in Stantone. Rent 7s. 7!.d. 

fo. 67. Grant from the same to the same of lands in the same 
place called Westmedue, etc. n.d. 
Grant from the same to the same of lands in the same 
place called Westmedue, etc. n.d. 

fo. 67''. Grant from the same to Walter de Lovedale and 
Johanna his wife and their heirs, of 44 acres of land, 
with all springs (fontibus) within the park of Stan- 
tone, part abutting upon Grenesike, etc., etc. Rent 
one mark in silver, n.d. 

fo. 68. Grant from Ralph son of William de Herford to Henry 
son of Nicholas son of Aldred of Derby, chaplain, of 
all his lands in Stantone called le Brodeker, between 
Kyrkehalum and le Kersike, and le Kerbrigge and the 
lands of Walter de Morley. Rent id. n.d. 
Grant from Ralph de Hereford to Walter de Lovedale 
of a moiety of a croft in Staunton, viz. between le 
Kerres abutting upon Syffonhulsike, and between le 
Brodakerres and Lowesike. Rent i2d. n.d. 

fo. 68*^. Grant from the same to the church of Stanley of a 
bovate of land in Stantone with William fitz Alwyn 
and his goods. Rent 6s. etc. tt.d. 

fo. 69. Grant from the same to Walter de Morley, of a culture 
of land between le Grenesike and the wood " del 
Grenesikehened' " towards the park of Kyrkehalum. 
Rent 6d. n.d. 

fo. 69'^ Grant from William de Herford to Thomas, his brother, 
of two bovates of land in Stantone. Rent i2d. n.d. 
Confirmation from Ralph son of William de Hereford 
to the church of Stanley, of a grant from William 



THE CHARTULARY OF THE ABBEY OF DALE. m 

son of Thomas de Syxtenb)- to them of 2 borates of 
land in Stantone which Adam Aquarius hel.l. Rent 
1 2d. fi.d. 

fo. 70. Sale by Thomas de Hereford to William de Castellum 
s^c. of 2 bovates of land in Stantone, for 6 marks and ^s' 
Rent 1 2d. fi.d. 

Grant in tail from Ralph de Hereford to Walter de 
Morley and Johanna his wife, of 20 acres of land in 
Stanton Wood, etc. Rent i2d. n.d. 
fo. 70^ Sale for los. from the same to Walter de Morley, of 
herbage growing upon the same land, between 'the 
part of Kyrkehalum and the mill of the said Walter 
etc., with free entrance and exit for the making of 
charcoal (ad faciendum carbones et omnia ejus 
exphcua facienda). n.d. 
Grant from Hugh son of Ralph to the church of Stanley 
of a bovate of land in Stantone together with William 
son of Alwin and his goods, and 7s. rent. n.d. 
fo. 71. Grant from Hugh son of Ralph for safety of his soul 
and of Agnes and Idonea his wives and Ralph and 
Hugh his sons, to the same, of an acre of arable land 
m Stantone upon Wetehul. n.d. 
fo. 71". Grant from the saB^e, to the same, of the homage and 
service of Walter de Morley for a tenement in 
Stantone, viz. 15s. lod. n.d. 
Grant from the same to the same of the spring (fonte) 
called Wyhtlokeswelle, and a rood of land around the 
same, in Stanton, n.d. 
fo. 7-'. Grant from the same to Walter de Lenedale and 
Johanna his wife and their heirs of lands with 
fountains, in the park of Stantone, in the culture which 
abuts upon Grenesike, with pasture for 200 sheep, 
etc., in Stantone, also other lands between le Kerres 
and abutting upon Syffonhulsike and lying in le 
Brodekerres, etc., and others abutting upon L^wesike. 
Rent 14s. 4d. n.d. 



112 THE CHARTULARY OF THE ABBEY OF DALE. 

fo. 72''. Grant from the same to the same, of the homage and 
service of Walter de Morley, for a tenement in 
Stantone. n.d. 

fo. 73. Quit-claim from the same to Walter de Morley of the 
homage done for a tenement in Stantone, which Hugh 
gave to the church of Stanley, n.d. 

Confirmation by the same of a gift from Ralph de 
Hereford to Robert, mason, of Stanton, of lands in 
Westmedue. Rent 2s. 7i.d. 

Bond from Alexander son of Emma, Gellus and 
Feykinus, of Stanton, to the effect that since the 
abbot of la Dale has paid to Nicholas de Ros and 
Amice his wife, 40s. for her dower, appertaining to 
tenements which the said Abbot held in Stanton, which 
sometime belonged to Ralph de Herford husband of 
the said Amice, the said Alexander Gellus and Feykin 
have voluntarily agreed, that if, at the decease of the 
said Nicholas, the said Amice should implead the 
said abbot respecting the said dower, they would 
answer to the same, etc. n.d. 

fo. 73''. Grant from Thomas son of Robert le masun of Stanton 
to the church of Stanley, of lands which he held of 
them in Westmedue in Stantone. n.d. 

fo. 74. Grant from Mathew son of Robert the mason of 
Stantone, to the .same, of land in Westmedue, in 
Stanton, n.d. 

Confirmation from William, son of Thomas de Leggesby 
to the same of a bovate of land in Stantone, which 
William de Syxtenby gave them. n.d. 

fo. 74^. Grant from Walter de Levedale to Robert de Muscham, 
of a toft in Stanton, lying between the .... of 
the said Robert and Gatemotewai, and extending 
towards le Kersike and abutting upon le Grenesiche, 
in return for right of common excepting common of 
pasture after harvest and mowing, n.d. 



THE CHARTULARY OF THE ABBEY OF DALE. II3 

fo. 75. Grant from John abbot de Parco Stanley to Hugh de 
Muskham of half an acre of land in Stanton, which 
they bought of Amyoth the Jew, in exchange for 
lands in Brodeker. n.d. 

Grant from Nicholas de Henovere to the church of 
Stanley, of his right to the park with trench in 
Stantone. ii.d. 

Grant from Walter de Morleye and Johanna his wife 
to the church of Stanley, 'of a spring (fontem) 
called Wythlockeswelle, with a rood of circumjacent 
land, to enclose it. Also transit to the said conduit 
(conductum) through his lands, etc. u.d. 

fo. 75*^. Grant from Ralph son of Hugh de Halum. for the 
safety of his soul and of Agnes his wife, to the 
church of Stanley, of a meadow in Brodeker in 
Stantone. n.d. 

fo. 76. Grant from Robert le Westreys of Stantone to Richard 
de Jorz, of lands in Stanton, and free common there. 
Rent 2S. ft.d. 

Covenant made between the abbot of Stanley and Hugh 
son of Robert de Muskham in Stanton, and Ydonea, 
his wife, for a grant by the said Abbot of a place of 
his withyham called le Berneker, which was enclosed 
in that year by a ditch, for the increase of his park 
of Westmedue. Rent, a pair of white gloves at la 
Dale. For which grant the said Hugh and Ydonea 
agree to give, at their decease, the said place of land 
to the said abbot and canons, and have made a deed 
of feoffment to that effect, etc., etc. A° 1263. 

fo. 76^. Grant from Geoffrey de Dethekes to the church of 
Stanley, of lands in Stantone. For which he received 
at the hands of Master William Young of Derby, in 
the name of the abbot, 50 marks for the support 
of a canon to celebrate mass for his soul, etc. n.d. 



114 THE CHARTULARY OF THE ABBEY OF DALE. 

Grant from Gecjffrey de Deyek to the church of Stanley 
of lands in Stanton, with homage and service of 
free men, etc. For which gift he received (as in the 
preceding), n.d. 

fo. 'ji^. Powers of attorney fr(jm the same to Robert his son 
to deliver seisin to the Abbot of Stanley, of lands 
in Stantone. Dated at Nottingham Friday the feast 
of S'. Giles, A° 1272. 

Grant from William de Morteyn, knight, to the 
church of Stanley, of lands in Stanton of the gift of 
Geoffrey de Dethekes. Rent, 4s. Dated A° 1272. 

fo. 78. Grant from William de Morteyn to the same of lands 
(as preceding). 

fo. 781'. Grant from Emicina de Morteyn to the church of 
Stanley, of lands in Stanton which she had of 
Geoffrey de Deyekes. Rent 4s. Dated at Notting- 
ham, on Monday, S'. Martin's Day, A" 1272. 

fo. 79. Receipt from William de Morteyn of 10 marks in silver 
paid to him by brother Thomas de Muskham, canon, 
on behalf of the abbot of la Dale, for ingress and 
warrant of lands in Stantone. Dated at Dunnesby, 
on Nativity of B.V.M. 
Grant from Hugh, son of Robert de Muskham of Stan- 
ton, for the safety of his soul and of Ydonea his wife 
and of William his brother, to the church of Stanley, 
of a borate of land in Stanton, which he had by 
exchange of the master of the hospital of St. John, 
in Derby, with Herveye his native and all his goods. 
And a culture of lands in Stanton, formerly Walter de 
Morley's to provide a yearly support to the said 
canons on the day of hi.s anniversar}' and of those of 
Ydonea his wife and William his brother (other con- 
ditions), n.d. 

fo. 79^. Grant from brother Hugh, abbot of Stanley to Andrew, 
son of Robert de Muskham, in Stanton, of a culture 
of arable lands, in Stantone, in return for a certain 
writing of confirmation. Likewise that the said 



THE CHARTULARY OF THE ABBEY OF DALE. I15 

Andrew should make reasunalile dower to Ydonea, 
widow of Hugh de Muskham. n.d. 

fo. 80. Confirmation from Andrew son of Robert de Muskhamp, 
in Stanton, to the abbot of Stanley, of the grants 
made to them by Hugh de Muskham, his brother, viz. 
the park he held in Stanton and Kyrkehalum, the 
land of Westmedue and lands in Berneker, etc., also 
a bovate of land which Hervey held in villeinage, 
also the spring called Wythlockeswelle and that 
called Oxwelle, with other springs circumjacent, and 
ingress to the same. n.d. 

fo. 80^. Grant from Hugh, son and heir of Robert de Musk- 
ham, in Stanton, and Ydonea, his wife, to the church 
of Stanley, of their park in the territory of Stanton, 
and Kyrkehalum, viz. Westmedue, enclosed, and a 
part of the Berneker. 7i.d. 

fo. 81. Confirmation from Robert son of Robert de Muskham 
in Stanton, of grants made to the abbot of Stanley, 
by Hugh de Muskham his brother, of all his park in 
Stantone and Kyrkehalum (as previously stated) with 
springs, etc. n.d. 

fo. 81*'. Grant from Hugh de Muskham to the church of Stanley, 
of his meadow in Brodeker, in exchange for half an 
acre in Stanton purchased of Amyoth, the Jew. n.d. 
Quit-claim from Robert de Muskham brother and heir 
of Hugh de Muskham in Stanton, to the church of 
Stanley, of lands which they have of the gift of Hugh 
his brother in Stantone, viz. the parks of Stantone 
and Kyrkehalum (etc., as before given), springs, etc. 
n.d. 

fo. 82. Quit-claim from Robert de Muskham to the church of 
Stanley, of half an acre of land in Stantone, in 
exchange for land in Brodeker. n.d. 

fo. 82''. Grant from Robert son of Robert de Muskham, in 
Stantone to the same, of lands in Stantone, between 
le Kerres and the lands of Ydonea widow of Hugh 
bis brother, jutting towards Kersike. n.d. 



Il6 THE CHARTULARY OF THE ABBEY OF DALE. 

fo. 83. Grant from the same to the same of William son of 
Henry de Stantone, his native, with his goods, n.d. 
Grant from the same to the same of a toft in Stantone 
called Stoffecroft' and a rent of two pair of white 
gloves and |d. to be received of the master and 
brethren of St. Helen's Derby, in exchange for a toft 
formerly master William de Muskhamp's. n.d. 

fo. 83'^. Grant from Henry, son of Roger de Buttone to the 
church of Stanley, of a bovate of land in Stantone 
which William de Sixtenby gave them, for the soul 
of Richard de Jors his uncle, n.d. 
Grant from William son of Thomas de Sixtenby to the 
same of a bovate of land in Stauntone which Adam 
son of Thomas de Stantone sold to Richard de Jorz, 
his uncle. Rent 2 s. 

fo. 84. Confirmation from Roger, son and heir of Walter de 
Morley in Kyrkehalum to the church of Stanley of the 
grant made by his mother Johanna to them of a 
tenement .she held of them in Stantone. And also a 
culture near the quarry of Halum which Walter his 
father gave them, n.d, 

fo. 84^^. Grant from Johanna, widow of Walter de Morley, in 
Halum, for her soul and that of her husband and 
Roger her son, to the church of Stanley, n.d. 

fo. 85. Grant from Nicholas de Ros and Amice his wife, in 
Stanton, to the abbot of la Dale, of their right, by 
reason of her dower, to all lands and tenements in 
Stantone, which belonged to Ralph de Herford, her 
husband, and, in consideration of the sum of 40s. they 
agree to relieve the abbot from molestation in time 
to come, or to forfeit loos. to the bishop, n.d. 

fo. 85''. Grant from Henr}' son of Robert the mason, of Stantone 
to Hugh de Muskham in Stantone, and Ydonea his 
wife, of his right to a place of land with wood growing 
thereon, called Westmedue in Stantone, viz. as far as 
the park of Kyrkehalum, to enclose, ditch and park 
the same. In exchange for 7 roods of land in 
Stantone. n.d. 



THE CHARTULARY OF THE ABBEY OF DALE. H/ 

fo. 86. Grant from Mathew son of Robert the mason of Stantone 
to Hugh de Miiskham in Stantone and Ydonea his 
wife of a place of land and the wood growing thereon 
called Westmedue (as before), in exchange (as before). 
n.d. 
Grant from Hugh son of Ralph de Haluni to the church 
of Stanley, of lands in Stantone, which Ralph de 
Herford gave to Ralph his father, between the park 
of Kyrkehalum and le Middilbroke, with pasture for 
200 sheep, etc. )i.d. 
fo. 86''. Grant from same to Walter de Morley, of 20 acres of 
land in the wood of Stantone, " ad sarcandum, hayan- 
dum et fossandum," etc. n.d. 
fo. 87. Covenant made 1275, ^^ feast of S'. George the 
A.i). Martyr, between Laurence abbot of Stanley and 
1275. Thomas, son of Robert le Masun of Stantone, by which 
the said abbot granted to him, a culture of lands in 
Stantone, abutting upon Syssonhulsik. Rent i2d., in 
exchange for lands which the said Thomas formerly 
held in Westmedue. 
fo. 87^^. Bond from William son of Henry de Stantone to the 
abbot of la Dale for payment, annually, of a lb. of 
cummin, at le Dale, for exoneration from native ser- 
vice, n.d. 
fo. 87''. Grant for 6 marks from Henr)' de Lexinton clerk to 
Richard, nephew of Geoffrey de Jorz, of two bovates 
of land in Stantone. Rent i2d. 
fo. 88. Grant for 5 marks from William de Castellimus (?) to 
Henry son of Richard de Laissintone, of two bovates 
of land in Stantone. Rent i2d. ti.d. 
fo. 88*^. Letters from Thomas son of William de Syxtonby 
addressed to Hugh abbot of Stanley, of a grant by 
him to the church of St. John the Apostle and Evang. 
of Croxton and to the abbot and canons there, of a 
rent of los. which he and his father William held, 
viz. 4s. in Stantone for 2 bovates of land, and 6s. in 
Wynnefeld and in Pillisley for 2 bovates of land, and 



Il8 THE CHARTULARY OF THE ABBEY OF DAL£. 

requesting the said abbot Hugh to pay the same, he 
and his heirs being nevertheless held to warrant the 
said lands, etc. 7i.d. 

fo. 88*'. Sale for 4 marks, from Adam son of Thomas de Stan- 
tone, with the consent of Juliana his wife, to Richard 
de Jorz, of a bovate of land in Stantone, and 3 roods 
upon Grenehul', and a toft which Robert le Westreys 
gave him in marriage with the said Juliana. Rent 2s. 
n.d. 

fo. 89. Grant from Ralph de Herford to Walter de Levedale 
and Johanna his wife, and their heirs, of all his land 
in his park of Stantone, with appurtenances, viz. as 
far as Middilbroke, and thence to the old ditch of 
Grenesike, and thence to parkhul and so usque ad viam 
sub cruce of Hugh de Muskham, etc. And also his 
culture abutting upon Grenesike with all springs, 
also the mill stream of Stantone between that place 
and Kyrkehalum, with free ingress and egress, etc., 
with pasture, etc. Rent i mark in silver, n.d. 

fo. 90. Inserted in a later hand : 

" Memorandum quod Robert Sallowe de Stanton im- 
petravit de Thoma Fox has terras subscriptas, 

viz. " 

" Super quibus omnibus et singulis predictes 

licitum est Abbati at conventui de la 

Dale distringere " " 

Sandiacre. 

Grant from Peter de Sandiacre and Peter his son and 
Aelina his wife, of the land about Heworhtheyes which 
Alan de Wylne held, with the wood of Driskowe and 
tofts and crofts in Sandiacre as far as the water of 
Yrewys [Erewash], to John nephew of W. bishop of 
Coventry. Rent 5s. " Excepto eo quod si necessitas 
hujusmodi exegerit, mihi faciat auxilium ad redimen- 
dum corpus meum et ad faciendum heredem meum 
militem, et ad maritanda bona ex filiabus meis." And 



THE CHARTULARY OF THE ABBEY OF DALE. II9 

for this grant " mihi recit homagium suum," and 2 
marks, and to my heir a ring of gold and to my 
wife a bezant (bissantium). n.d. 

fo. 90^. Grant from Peter de Sandiacre, for his soul and that 
of his wife Isabella, to the church of Stanley, of a 
rent of 5s. " ad redimendum " (as in preceding), n.d. 

fo. 91. Confirmation for 12s. from Peter de Sandiacre to the 
house of S'. Mary of Depedale, of those four acres 
which his ancestors gave them. 
Grant from Richard son of Peter de Sandiacre to the 
ch. of Stanley of his right to Driskhowe and Fligore. 
n.d. 

fo. 91*^. Grant from Hugh de Wermundsworthe to the same, for 
his soul and of Matilda his wife, of 7 cultures of land 
in Sandiacre. n.d. 
Grant from Richard Sneyf of Sandiacre to the same of 
all his land in Sandiacre, for i mark in silver, n.d. 

fo. 92. Grant from Matthew de Sandiacre and Cristina his wife, 
to the same, of their claim to Driskowe. n.d. 
Confirmation from Elias son of Robert de Stapulford to 
the same, of a grant which Philipp de Tonke made 
to them, of land in Thormundeston. n.d. 

fo. 92^. Confirmation from the same, for his soul and of Robert 
his father, to the same of 4 bovates of land in 
Sandiacre which Philipp de Tonke gave them. n.d. 
Quit-claim from Geoffrey, son of Richard de Stapul- 
ford, to the same, of his right to 7 bovates of land 
in Sandiacre. n.d. 

fo. 93. Confirmation from Peter de Sandiacre to Robert son 
of William, of his father's grant of 7 bovates of land 
in Sandiacre. Rent 3s. 
Grant from William de Grey to the church of Stanley, of 
his culture in Wetehul, in exchange for 24 roods in 
the field of Sandiacre, of which 2 roods are in 
Adestotes, 5 in Flaxlondes, 2 in Ulfredale, and 14 in 
Botham " et supra montem ultra le Bothem." n.d. 



120 THE CHARTULARY OF THE ABBEY OF DALE. ■ 

fo. 93>^. Grant from William de Grey son of Henry de Grey to 
the same, of 23 selions of land in Sandiacre, lying 
near Portvveye, and beyond le Clif (a third selion) 
lies " ad furcas juxta portweye," others in le Flinty, 
Coclisdale, Grenesike, Erblondes, blakethorne, Lavedy 
Crosse, subtus foxholes, and Heworthe, in exchange 
of 23 selions in Sandiacre, lying in Portewey forlong, 
Andelesbrige, Adleharghe, Flinty, Coclisdale, Malman- 
yates, Erberelondes, blakethorne, Waterforkes, super 
foxholes, Thorbernecroft, and Ryseley "juxta le mere." 
Also other 2 selions " subtus le Cludes " and at 
Heworth," ultra le Suthporteweye. n.d. 
Grant from Richard de Grey to the church of la Dale 
of his right to a place of pasture upon Dristouwe 
which Laurence formerly abbot of la Dale, together 
with another near the grange, of Boyhaghe, ploughed 
and sowed, and afterwards granted to him [Richard]. 
n.d. 

fo. 94*^. Grant from Ralph Percehay to the church of Stanley, 
of 4 selions in Sandiacre. n.d. 

fo. 95. Grant from William son of Thomas Percehay of San- 
diacre, to the church of Stanley, of 2 roods of land 
in Sandiacre next Grenesike in Wersnapes. }t.d. 
Grant from Hugh de Hayd of Sandiacre to the same of 
2 selions in Sandiacre, one at Grenesike and the other 
" subtus regiam stratani versus Ryseleyam." n.d. 

fo. 95*^. Confirmation for 5 marks from Peter de Sandiacre to 
Richard son of Robert de Stapulford, of a grant by 
his father of 7 bovates of land in Sandiacre. Rent 3s. 
n.d. 
Confirmation from Peter de Sandiacre to the church of 
Stanley, of 7 bovates of land in Sandiacre, which 
Richard son. of Robert de Stapulford and others gave 
them, etc., excepting 4 tofts with crofts which the 
canons gave the said Peter for a quit-claim of 3s. n.d. 

fo. 96. Confirmation from Richard son of Robert de Stapul- 
ford, for his soul, and that of Elizabeth his wife, to 



THE CHARTULARY OF THE ABBEY OF DALE. 121 

the church of Stanley, of 4 bovates in Sandiacie which 
Philipp de Tonks gave them. n.d. 
Grant from the same to the sime, of 3 bovates of land 
in Sandiacre. n.d. 

fo. 96^. Confirmation from Richard son of Robert de Stapulford 
to the same, of 4 bovates in Sandiacre, given by the 
aforesaid Philipp. Rent 2s. to be paid by the hand 
of Elias his brother, n.d.. 

fo. 97. Confirmation from Robert, son of William de Stapul- 
ford, to Adam his son, of 4 bovates in Sandiacre. 
Rent 2s. n.d. 

fo. 97*^. Grant from the same to Elias his son, of 4 bovates in 
Sandiacre. Rent 2s. n.d. 
Confirmation from Elyas son of Robert de Stapulford, 
for his soul, and that of Robert his father, to the 
church of Stanley, of 4 bovates in Sandiacre which 
Phillip de Tonks gave them. Rent 2s. n.d. 

fo. 98. Confirmation from the same to the same of four bovates 
in Sandiacre (as last), n.d. 

fo. 98''. Grant from Philipp de Tonks, for his soul and that of 
Juliana his wife and of Henry de Tonks, his nephew, 
to the same, of 4 bovates in Sandiacre. n.d. 

fo. 99. Grant from Richard son of Robert de Stapulford, for 
his soul and that of Elizabeth his wife, to the same, 
of 3 bovates in Sandiacre. Rent i2d. n.d. 

fo. 99^^. Grant from Richard de Sandiacre to the same, of 5 
selions of land in Sandiacre, viz. 2 selions beyond 
Cliksarkes, and 2 extending to Haresty and one upon 
Blakemild. n.d. 
Grant from Richard son of Peter de Sandiacre to 
Geoffrey de Salicosa-mara, of his right in Flitgore 
which belongs to his demesne of Sandiacre. n.d. 

fo. 100. Grant from Mathew de Sandiacre to the church of 
Stanley, of an acre of arable land in Sandiacre, viz. 
3 selions next Heworthe, and one next Wersnape and 



122 THE CHARTULARY OF THE ABBEY OF DALE. 

one upon Portweye " contra " Heworth, and one selion 
" subtus le " Portweye, in exchange for one acre of 
which 2 selions He upon Sopiakerhendes, one upon 
Sopiacris, etc. n.d. 

fo. loo''. iV/7. 

RiSLEY. 

fo. loi. Grant from Adam de Mosteyn to Fulcher de Codinton, 
of his fee of Stahtone for 4s. and watch and ward, 
and quittance of forensic service " que vadunt per 
hidas et per hundredas." n.d. 

Grant from Simon Baret of Notingham to the church of 
Stanley, of an acre of land in Ryseley. n.d. 

Quit-claim for 20s. from Robert de Ryseley son of Hugh 
Blundel, to Simon son of John de Notingham of an 
acre of assart in Ryseley, between the culture of the 
Abbot of Dale upon Haddeleye towards the north and 
the culture of Will de Ryseleye, towards the south. 
Rent, a pair of gloves price a halfpenny, n.d. 
fo. 10 1 ^ Confirmation from Robert Blundel to the church of 
Stanley, of an acre of arable land in Ryseley, which 
they have of the gift of Simon Bareth, and id. rent. 
n.d. 

fo. 102. Grant from William de Ryseley to the same, of ten 
acres of land " cum corpore meo " in Ryseley, lyeing 
at Haddelegyatis, jutting towards Topunhowe next 
the way of Sandiacre. n.d. 
Grant from Elyas son of Gilbert de Rysley to the church 
of Stanley, of a place of arable land in Ryseley, 
which William his father gave, with his body (as 
before given), n.d. 

fo. 102''. Grant from Alice widow of Elyas son of William de 
Ryseleye to the church of Stanley, of her right, by 
reason of dower, to lands held by them of the said 
Elyas, her husband, n.d. 

fo. 103. Nil. 



the chartulary of the abbey of dale. 12^ 

Bathley (Notts.). 
fo. 103'^. Grant from William son of Ralph de Batheley to the 
same of lands in Muskham, Holme and Batheley, also 
the homage of Henry de Batheley his brother and 
of Hugh de Holm and Adam clerk of Muskham. 
Rent 4s. 
Confirmation from Thomas de Muskham, Knt, to the 
same of the grant made to them by the last donor 
of the lands named in the preceding deed. Rent 3s. 
n.d. 
fo. 104. Confirmation by Thomas de Muskham to the same, for 
his soul and that of Margaret, his wife, of the pre- 
ceding grant. Rent 4s. n.d. 
fo. 104b. Confirmation from Henry son of Ralph de Batheley 

of the preceding grant, n.d. 
fo. 105. Confirmation from Thomas son of Thomas, Knight, of 
Muskham, for his soul, and of that of his father 
Thomas and of Margaret his mother, to the church 
of Stanley, of the preceding grant. Rent 4s. 
fo. 105*^. Confirmation from Thomas de Muskham son of 
Thomas, knight, to the same, of his right to the 
lands mentioned in the preceding grant, with other 
concessions, viz. that his tenants should clean the 
mill-stream of Basker, also granting fisheries, and 
remitting the rent of 4s. n.d. 
fo. 106. Grant from Thomas son of Thomas de Muskhamp to 
William son of Nicholas Granncurtes of Suwelle of 
two selions of arable land in Muskham and Batheley 
upon Calvecrosse between the land of the prior of 
Shelford, and that of Isabella, mother of the said 
Thomas, abutting upon Walleronay, etc. n.d. 
fo. 106*^. Grant from Thomas son of Thomas de Muskham to 
the church of Stanley, of 18 selions in Batheley and 
Muscham. n.d. 
Grant from Robert son of Thomas son of Alexander 
de Muskham to the same, of a moiety of the mill 
of Bathker, with fishery, etc., and 3 selions extending 
from Batheley to the highway, n.d. 



124 THE CHARTULARY OF THE ABBEY OF DALE. 

fo. 107. Grant from Robert son of Thomas, knight, of Musk- 
ham, to the same, of a moiety of the fisheries in the 
Trent with a site between Goscelinmes and the 
island called Crophul. 7i.d. 
Confirmation from Thomas son of Thomas son *of 
Alexander de Muskham, to the church of Stanley, of 
a moiety of the mill of Eatheker, granted to them 
by Robert, his son. n.d. 

fo. 107''. Grant from Robert, son of Thomas, son of Alexander 
de Muskham, to the same, of a moiety of the mill 
of Batheker, with fisheries, etc. (as before stated). 
n.d. 

fo. 108. Grant from Thomas son of Thomas in Northmercham 
to the same, of a place in Batheley called Gosewonges, 
in which the grange of the canons is situated, n.d. 
Quit-claim from Margery widow of Thomas de 
Musckam to the same, of all that reasonable part 
of her dower which came to her " ex successione "' of 
Thomas de Muskham, in Muskham, Batheley and 
Holme, n.d. 

fo. 108*^. Grant from Gilbert son of Henry de Northmerkham 
to the same, of 4 selions in Batheley upon Swyftesclif 
abutting upon Loskou. n.d. 
Grant from Gilbert son of Henry de Northmerkham, to 
the same, of 4 selions in Bathley. n.d. 

fo. 109. Grant from the same to the same, of a selion of land 
in Batheley, lying between the lands of William 
Gildegreyne and the land of the prebend abutting 
upon fildinggate. n.d. 
Grant from Gilbert, son of Henry de Northmusham, to 
the church of Stanley, of 2 selions upon Stanihalf 
acres, n.d. 

fo. 109''. Grant from Gilbert son of Henry de Northmuskham, 
for his soul and that of Agnes, his wife, to the church 
of Stanley, of 2 selions in Batheleya lying in le 
longehege and abutting upon Loskehouwe. n.d. 
Grant from Gilbert son of Henry de Muskham to the 
same, of 3 selions in Batheley. n.d. 



THE CHARTULARY OF THE ABBEY OF DALE. 1 25 

fo. no. Grant from the same to the same, of 8 sehons of land 
in the field of Muskham, viz. 4 next Kyrkegate and 
I near the furrow of the prior of Schelford, one 
towards the bridge of the church, and one at Brende- 
mere, and one next Gosewonges, in exchange fur 9 
selions in Trenteforlong, and one abutting upon 
Crossesike, and two between Rogergate and Trente, 
and one in Bulwood acres abutting upon Roggergate 
and one abbuts upon Littelfulford and one next 
Kyrkegate, and one upon Lynlond and one in Gerad- 
mere. n.d. 
fo. no''. Grant from the same to the same, of the land which 
Peter Cocus held in Batheley. yi.d. 
Grant from the same to the same of 2 selions in 
Batheley, abutting upon the chief selion of the prebend 
of Suthwell in Kerforlong and descending to the 
rivulet of Northwelle. n.d. 
Grant from the same to the same, of all his land in 
Brakenholme, and a selion across clinegate. n.d. 
fo. in. Grant from Gilbert son of Henry de Batheley to the 
same, of 2 selions in Batheley, lying between the 
selion of the canons at Helmedwelle and the path 
which leads to Calveton. nd. 
Grant from Gilbert son of Henry de Northmuskham, to 
the same, of ten selions in Batheley, viz. 6 upon 
Loskowe, 4 upon Northcliff, viz. his portion of 
Carterewonge. n.d. 
fo. in*'. Grant from the same to the same, of 2 selions of land 
in Northmuskham, in two places, lying upon le Lynges, 
one viz. between le Walranbrigge and le Middilbrigge, 
abutting upon the major moor and the minor, and the 
other nearer to the north abutting upon the moor at 
Levegrimbrigge and towards le Skottesgate, both 
within the lands of the church, n.d. 
Grant from Gilbert son of Henry de Muskham to the 
same, of 9 selions in Batheley, viz. chiefly abutting 
upon the wood of Adam de Deyoile, etc., one selion 
called lindic abutting upon fildingate. n.d. 



126 THE CHARTULARY OF THE ABBEY OF DALE. 

fo. 112. Grant from the same to the same, of 2 selions in the 
field of Muskham, lying in Brakenholm between the 
lands of the prior of Schelford and abutting upon 
those of Richard de Suttone then parson of Muskham, 
extending upon Brakenholmdyc. n.d: 

Grant from the same to the same of 3 selions in Batheley, 
viz. one at Heselnyndwell, butting upon the wood of 
Adam de Eyvile, one butting upon hastihegge. n.d. 

fo. 112^. Grant from Willisjn son of Adam de Muskham to the 
same, of a place of land in loskowe abutting upon 
the culture of Boldewyn de Panntone. n.d. 

fo. 113. Grant from Adam de Muskham son of Gwydo to 
Roger son of Ralph de Batheley, of a culture called 
Goseholme, on both sides of the way. Rent i2d. 

Confirmation from the same, for his soul and that of 
Matilda his wife, to the church of Stanley, of a grant 
from Roger de Batheley to them of lands in Batheley. 
Rent 1 2d. 
fo. 113^. Grant from the same to the same of a rent of i2d. 
in Batheley. 7i.d. 

Grant from Thomas son of William son of Geoffrey de 
Batheley, to William de Suthwelle son of Nicholas 
Grantcurt of 5 selions in Muskham and Batheley, one 
lying upon Brakenholm between the culture of the 
abbot of la Dale and the land of Robert Hoyboy, 
abutting upon Brakenholm dye and upon Kyrkesike, 
and one upon le Brendemere, abutting upon fildingate, 
others are said to lie in Wilwebuske, and Northwalle 
(conditions), n.d. 
fo. 114. Bond from William son of William son of Geoffrey de 
Batheley, to defend the abbot of la Dale in all their 
possessions which they hold of the gift of William 
his father and Thomas his brother in Muskham, 

fo. 114^. Batheley, and Holme of the fee of the earl of Lincoln 
(a long deed, with numerous conditions). 7i.d, 



THE CHARTULARY OF THE ABBEY OF DALE. 1 27 

fo. 115. Grant from William son of Geoffrey de Batheley to 
William* de Suthwelle son of Nicholas de Grantcurte 
of 5 selions of land in Xorthmuskham and Batheley, 
one selion in le pitte lying between the lands of the 
prior of Selford, etc., and one butting upon le 
morhened, and 2 in le Brendmere, extending to 
fildinggate, etc. n.d. 
Grant from William son of Geoffrey de Batheley to the 
church of Stanley of — selions in Batheley. n.d. 
fo. 115b Quit-claim from William son of Geoffrey de Batheley 
to the same, of his claim to the place of Gosewonges 
in Batheley, where the grange of the canons is con- 
structed, with permission to ditch and enclose, etc. 
Also all lands which they hold in Batheley, Holme and 
Muskham. n.d. 
fo. 116. Grant from William de Batheleye son of Geoffrey for 
his soul and those of Emma and Matilda his wives, 
to the same, of a selion upon Suthclif in Batheley, 
abutting upon le Waterfurhened. n.d. 
Grant from the same to the same of 3 selions in Batheley 
lying upon Suthclif and butting upon Guberthe Water- 
for and upon the land of the prebend, n.d. 
fo. ii6b. Grant from the same to William de Suthwelle son of 
Nicholas Grantcurtes, of 6 selions in Northmuskham 
and Bartheley, viz. 3 selions upon le Kerforlong lying 
between the land of the abbot of la Dale and that 
of dom. Robert de Lysur then parson of Crumwelle, 
extending upon Northwelle die, and others in Bene- 
croft. Rent a rose. n.d. 
fo. 117. Grant from the same to the church of Stanley, of a 
selion upon le Suthclif of Batheley, and abutting upon 
le Buttes of William son of Richard son of Philipp, 
and 2 selions abutting upon fildinggate. n.d. 
fo. 117^. Grant from the same to the same, of a place called 
Gosewonges in Batheleye, with right of enclosure, etc. 
n.d. 



Note that wherever this person is mentioned he is always called 
ijuondam fill IIS N. de G, 



128 THE CHARTULARY OF THE ABBEY OF DALE. 

fo. 1 1 8. Grant from the same to William de Suwell (as before), 
of 40 selions with common of pasture in Northmusk- 
ham, and Batheley, some of which selions are said to 

fo. US'", lie upon Kerforlong towards the lands of R.^ de 
Lisurs parson of Crumweile, on Nortwelledikes, Mid- 
dildikes, le Westker, Oddedole, and the land of the 
prior of Schelford, etc., etc. (a very long deed, 

fo. 119. shewing the boundaries), n.d. 

fo. 119^. Grant from the same to the same, of 33 selions in 
Northmurskham and Batheley (a very long deed, 

fo. 120. stating boundaries, etc.). n.d. 

fo. 120*^. Grant from the same to the same of 7 selions of land 
in the same places (in every instance " pro quadam 
summa pecunie," and in this " quam in necessitate 
mea mihi dedit pre manibus "), lying under Middil- 
clif and upon le Westker. n.d. 

fo. 121. Grant from the same to the same of 5 acres and 3 
roods in the same places, lying upon Brakenholm, etc. 
(long deed). Rent a rose. 

fo. 122. Grant from same to same of 6 roods of land in 
Batheley which Alexander and Hugh de mora, his 
natives, held of him in Batheley, 2 of which lie upon 
Brakenhole, and 2 abut upon le Kyrkesike, and upon 
Saxegalle and Wulrimhay. n.d. 

fo. 122^. Grant from same to same of 3 acres in Batheley and 
Murskham, viz. at le Morheved and in Odedale, next 
the land of the prior of Schelforde, also in Braken- 
holme and Kyrkesike. For 30s. " in magna necessitate 
mea." tt.d. 

fo. 123. Grant from same to same, of 10 selions in North- 
muskham and Batheley (boundaries stated). Rent a 
rose. n.d. 

fo. 123''. Confirmation from William son of William son of 
Hervey de Muskham to the church of Stanley, of a 
culture and 13 selions in Muskham and Batheley, which 
William de Suwelle gave them, and 2 selions which 



THE CHARTULARY OF THE ABBEY OF DALE. 



129 



he had of the feoffment of Miriel mother of the said 
William fitz William, n.d. 
fo. 124. Confirmation from the same of the grant which 
William de Suwelle gave to the church of Stanley, of 
a culture and 13 selions (and other lands) which he 
had of the gift of William the father of said William 
and of Miriella his mother. 7i.d. 
fo. 124''. Grant from the same to the church of Stanley, of 2 
cultures in Batheley, one of 13 selions lying in 
Saxegalle, and the other lying in Bradholme. n.d. 
fo. 125. Grant from the same to the same, of a selion in 
Batheley, lying near a pasture called Stilford. n.d. 
Grant from the same to William de Suwelle the whole 
culture of his demesne next the high-way leading to 
Calnetone. n.d. 
fo. 125b. Covenant made 1262, between William son of Hervey 
A.D. de Batheley and William de Suwelle, respecting a 
1262. demise by the former of 18 selions of land in Batheley, 
lying in Kyrkebrigge, and in ye Wodewroe next the 
land of the abbot of la Dale, which said selions 
William son of Richard native of the said William 
formerly held. For which demise said W. de S. gave 
the said W. "in necessitate sua" 14s. n.d. 
fo. 126. Quit-claim from Mirielda widow of William son of 
Hemic de Muskham to the abbot of la Dale and 
William de Suwelle, of her right, by reason of dower, 
to lands which from some cause, they held of her late 
lord William son of Hemic, n.d. 
fo. 126. Grant from William son of Hemic of Muskham to 
William de Suwelle, of 3 selions and 3 cultures in 
Muskham and Batheley (boundaries given, the names 
are) Suthclif, Wodegate, and Middilclif. Rent, a rose. 
n.d. 
fo. 127.' Grant from William son of Nicholas de Grantcurtes 
to the church of Stanley, of 40 selions held of William 
son of Geoffrey de Batheley in Northmuskham and 



130 THE CHARTULARY OF THE ABBEY OF DALE. 

Batheley (and other lands) amongst others of 2 selions 
held of the feoffment of miriel, dau. of Hemic Spic- 
fates. n.d. 

fo. 1 27^ Grant from same to same (apparently a repetition of 
the preceding), n.d. 

fo. 128. Grant from same, for the soul of Hugh de Mortone, 
to the same, of a culture and 13 selions in Muskham 
and Batheley. 7i.d. 

fo. 128''. Agreement from the same to make good any deficiency 
that might occur in 40 acres of land which he had 
sold to the abbot of la Dale, in Muskham and 
Batheley, who had bound himself to pay los. per 
acre. n.d. 
Grant from William son of Adam de Muskham to the 
church of Stanley, of 13 selions in Batheley and 
Muskham, lying near fildinggate, Kyrkesike, Wyle- 
buske and Holm. n.d. 
Covenant made A" 1251, between the abbot of Stanley 
and William son of Adam de la Venene respecting 
4 selions of land abutting upon Trente at Milnedale, 
and two against the mill, and one at Maydenescote, 
given by the said abbot in exchange for 4 selions, 
abutting upon the head of the moor, and upon filding- 
gate, and Kyrkesike, and another upon Brakenholme 
diyke. 

fo. 129. Grant from William son of Adamson of Jollan de 
Batheley, to the church of Stanley, of three selions in 
Brakenholme in Batheley. n.d. 

fo. 129''. Grant from Baldewin de Panntone to Robert son of 
Sir Roger de Ayncurtes, of a toft in Batheley, etc., 
and 16 acres and i\ rood in Batheley and Muskham, 
viz. at Calnecroft, Ulnesich, Astihegge, Quenesgrave, 
Ulfrecbuskes, Wodegate, Wodewra, Longehafeacre, 
Schorteker, Langeker, Wyllnebuskes, grene in North- 
wellegate, Redewonges, Tunges, Wyenbuskes, North- 
dale, Schawebuskes, Benecroftdale, sub colle. 



THE CHARTULARY OF THE ABBEY OF DALE. I3I 

Landameregate, Grenegate, Leyrpittes, Brakeholme, 
Gosewanges, Brendemere, Lindike, Nes, ad domum 
Gotte, Stodfeldewath, Crossike, Wytebrinkes, Bol- 
nortacre, Scotgatehened, Bathekermilne, Holm, Crokes- 
wathe, Westingaphul, Tungge, and Steynlandhende 
(the word ad precedes nearly every name). Rent id. 
n.d. 

fo. 130. Confirmation from Baldwyn de Panntone to the church 
of Stanley, of the grant from Robert de Ayncurtes, of 
a toft and croft, and 16 acres and a rood in Batheley 
and Muskham, etc. And he further grants them the 
service of Roger Banning and i2d. rent. n.d. 

fo. 130''. Grant from Robert, son of Sir Roger de Ayncurtes, 
to the church of Stanley, of a toft in Batheley, lying 
between Reginald Fraunceys and Hugh son of 
Cnute, also 16 acres and i rood in Murskham and 
Batheley. Rent id. n.d. 
Grant from the same to the same, of a toft in Batheley 
(same as preceding). 71. d. 

fo. 131. Confirmation from Philipp son of Baldwin de Panntone 
to the same, of 18 acres 5 roods which they hold of 
the gift of Gilbert son of Henry de Northmuskham, 
and other lands in Muskham and Batheley and Holm, 
with the site of their grange of Gosewonge. n.d. 

fo. 131^ Grant from the same to the same of 7 selions in 
Batheley, upon Brakenholm (boundaries given), in 
exchange for 6 selions in Batheley, upon Coshou, 
Greteforlong, and abutting upon Trent, n.d. 

fo. 132. Grant from Robert le Petyte of Suth Muskham for his 
soul and that of Alice his wife, to the church of 
Stanley, of 3 acres in North Muskham lying in 
Calnecroftes. n.d. 
Grant from William son of Ralph de Batheley to the 
same, of all the lands held by him in Holm, Musk- 
ham and Batheley, and likewise the service of Henry 
de Batheley his brother, and of Hugh de Holm and 
Adam clerk of Muskhamp. Rent 3s. n.d. 



13^ THE CHARTULARY OF THE ABBEY OF DALE. 

to. I32^ Grant from William de Batheley to Roger his brother, 
of a toft in Batheley. Rent i2d. n.d. 

Grant from William de Batheley to the' same of a toft 
and croft which Robert plumbarius held in Muskham 
with half an acre at Wytebusk, for 20s. Rent 4d. n.d. 
fo. 133. Grant from Adam son of Robert de Northmuskham 
to the church of Stanley, of two parts of his culture 
in Saxedale in the fields of North Muskham. n.d. 

Grant from same to same, of 3 selions of land in 
Batheley upon le Schorteker abutting upon North 
Wellegate, and a Swayht upon West Stanigaphul, 
abutting upon Gosolfmere and upon Stayngaphuldike. 
n.d. 

Covenant made before the chapter uf Suwelle, between 
brother Walter abbot of Stanley and Nicholas proctor 
of dominus Octoman, canon of Suwelle, respecting a 
grant by the s"^' Nicholas to the s'^^ abbot of a selion 
wh. Roger de Batheley held near their house, in 
exchange for an acre and a rood of land in Blacht- 
hornul and half an acre in Middilcristing, in Holme. 
n.d. 
fo. 134. Confirmation from the chapter of the B. Mary of 
Suwelle, to Roger de Batheley, of a selion. Rent 8d. 
rendered annually to Octavian, chamberlain to the 
pope and chancellor of the said chapter, as contained 
in the concession of the proctor ; '' ad emendacionem 
prebende ipsius de Muskham." n.d. 

Grant from Reginald le Fraunceys to the church of 
Stanley, of 2 selions in Batheley in exchange, one viz. 
next Gosewonges abutting upon le More, and one 
upon the same furlong abutting upon le More. n.d. 
fo. 134''. Grant from William de Holme, father-in-law of Gilbert 
(le Muskham, to abbot John of Stanley (del Parkes 
de Stanley), of 6 selions of land in Batheley, lying in 
Wylgbuskes, butting upon the way proceeding to 
Northwelle, in exchange for five selions in the field of 
Northmuskham. n.d. 



THE CHARTUI.ARY OF THE ABBEY OF DALE. 1 33 

Quit-claim from Thomas, son of Ralph de Batheley, to 
the ahhat of Stanley, of his rights to lands in Batheley, 
Holm and Muskham which William his brother gave 
them. ti.d. 

fo. 135. Grant from Mirieid daughter of Henry Spitfates, 
widow, to William de Suwelle, of 2 selions of land in 
Northmurskham and Batheley (boundaries given) 
names are, Kerforlong, Northwellemore, and Schelford. 
Rent a rose. n.d. 

fo. 135''. Grant from Simon son of Geoffrey, seneschal of Holme 
to William son of Nicholas Grantcurtes, of Suelle of 
a selion of land in Batheley, lying next le Wodegate 
butting upon Northwellegate. Rent a rose. n.d. 

fo. 136. Covenant between the abbot of Stanley and William 
son of Herncy de Muskham, with regard to a grant 
from them to the s'' William of 3 selions of land 
lying upon the moor and le Suthclif, and abutting 
upon le Redegate, in exchange for 3 selions lying 
near le Kyrkegate abutting upon moor, and near 
fildingate. A° 1251. 
Grant from William son of Adam de Muskham to the 
church of Stanley, in exchange, of 9 selions in 
Batheley and Muskham, abutting upon fildingate and 
Gildehenedland, and in Northcristing, and abutting 
upon Deregate and Roggergate, and extending as far 
as the pool of Batheker, and in Bulworthacres abutting 
upon Roggergate. n.d. 

fo. 136''. Grant from Adam son of Jollan de Batheley to the 
church of Stanley, of 2 selions butting upon North- 
wellegate. Rent ^d. n.d. 
Quit-claim from Robert son of Thomas son of Alexander 
de Muskham to the same, of 4 selions extending from 
Trente to the high-way, and one crossing the high 
way, and a fourth upon Deregate. n.d. 
fo. 137. Grant from Adam son of Jollan de Batheley, to the 
same, of 2 selions in Northmuskham, upon Trente- 
forlong, and one abutting upon Wytebrinc' upon 



134 THE CHARTULARY OF THE ABBEY OF DALE. 

Roggergate, and half an acre in Holm, viz. in 
Suthtreng' abutting upon fildinggate, and ennepol. 
Rent |d. 

Nottingham. 

fo. 137''. Grant from Robert Ruffus le Tyler of Nottingham with 
the assent of Alice his wife, to Augustin de Hane- 
worthe and Isabella his wife, of a place of land in 
Notingham and lying upon the ditch of Notingham. 
Rent a grain of pepper, n.d. 
Grant from the same to the same, a place of land in 
Notingham. Rent a rose. 7i.d. 

fo. 138. Grant from the same to the same, of a toft in Noting- 
ham. Rent |d. n.d. 

fo. 138^. Grant from the same to the same, of a shop in 
Notingham. Rent id. ;/.(/. 
Grant from the same to the same of a cellar under- 
ground " Cum Joiace " with appurtenances in le 
Barkeregate in Notingham, with free ingress and egress 
towards the ditch of Notingham at the said cellar 
and Torance. To hold from the 18 Edw. I. for 
12 years, n.d. 

fo. 139. Grant for 5 mark.s, from the same to the same, of a 
messuage with edifices " tam terraneis quam subter- 
raneis " which lies upon the cornera (super corneram) 
in Barregate Street in Notingham. Rent a clove of 
garlick. 7i.d. 

fo. 139^. Grant from Augustin de Haneworthe in Notingham and 
Isabella his wife to the church of Stanley, of a mes- 
suage with buildings " super terram et subtus " in le 
Barregate in Notingham. n.d. 

fo. 140. Grant from Robert de Vilers to Robert Siglar (Sig- 
lario) of Notingham, of a toft in le Barkeregate next 
the ditch, extending to the highway. Rent 4s. n.d. 
Quit-claim from Gervase son of Alice daughter of 
Laurence de Ayilwelle to the church of Stanley, of 7 
acres, etc., which his mother held in Ayilwelle. n.d. 



THE CHARTUI.ARY OF THE ABBEY OF DALE. 1 35 

fo. 140''. Grant from Gen^ase son of Alice (etc.) to the same of 
land (as in preceding), n.d. 
Covenant between Laurence, abbot of Stanley and 
Gervase dc Ayilwelle, of a demise to the said Gervase, 
for his life, of 7 acres of land in Ayilwelle, which he 
formerly held of the abbot. Rent 2od. A° 1278. 

fo. 141. Quit-claim from Gervase son of Alice de Ayilwelle to 
the church of Stanley, of 7 acres (as preceding), n.d. 
Grant for 30s. from Alice daughter of Laurence de 
Ayilwelle, widow, to Stephen Rotar' of Lentone, of a 
toft in Ayilwelle, and her land in Lentone and 
Notingham. Rent 7d. n.d. 

fo. 141''. Grant from Stephen Rotarius of Ayilwelle, to the church 
of Stanley, of a toft and croft in Ayilwelle and 7 
acres in the same place, which he had of the gift of 
Alice daughter of Laurence de Ayilwelle. n.d. 

fo. 142. Quit-claim from John son and heir of Agnes de Ayil- 
welle to the same, of land which Alice, daughter of 
Laurence de Ayilwelle, and sister of Agnes his mother 
held in Ayilwelle. n.d. 
Quit-claim from John son of Ralph faber of Lentone, 
to the church of Stanley, of land which Alice his 
mother held in Willa in Ayilwelle. n.d. 

fo. 142^. Quit-claim from Matilda Cochenine, widow, to the 
abbot of la Dale, of a burgage in Notingham, lying 
in Saterday Marchates. n.d. 
Sale from Roger Almari and Alice his wife to Gilbert 
Ywen of land with buildings in a street (here a leaf or 
leaves is missing). 

fo. 143. Grant from Thomas Landri of Notingham for his soul 
and that of Matilda, his wife, to the church of Stanley, 
of a messuage with buildings in Notyngham. n.d. 
Grant from Ralph Bugge of Notingham, to Isabelle de 
la Grene, of 2 acres i rood of land in Notingham, one 
lying in Ash Dale and one in Lyng\velledale, abutting 



136 THE CHARTULARY OF THE ABBEY OF DALE. 

upon Hungerhiil' one rood at Wytsstone between the 
land of the hospital of S'. John and that of the abbot 
of la Dale. Rent i8d. n.d. 

fo. 143''. Grant from Annote daughter of David le Lombard to 
William de Bottesford of a messuage and buildings, 
" et cum le Bouthe," lying " in foro Sabate " in 
Notingham. Rent 3s. 6d. and 3 hens and i cock. 
n.d. 

Quit-claim from Robert Dast of Notingham, to the 
abbot of la Dale, of 2d. rent, which he had of the 
gift of Ralph de Frecheville in Notingham. n.d. 

fo. 144. Quit-claim from Ralph de Radeford and Matilda 
Cochenine his wife, to the same, of a burgage in 
Notingham lying in Saterday marcates. n.d. 
Grant from Peter Marc to the church of Stanley, of a 
moiety " duorum fumorum," in Notingham, which he 
held of the king. Rent (to the king) 30s. n.d. 

fo. 144''. Confirmation from G. prior of Grandmount, to Peter 
Marc, of a moiety " duorimi fumorum " which they held 
of the king, in Notingham, as is contained in a charter 
of brother Sanccius prior of our order in England. 
n.d. 
Grant from Ingeram Biscop in Notingham and Cassandra 
his wife, to the church of Stanley, of a curtilage in 
Notingham. And have moreover quitted claim of a 
rent of i2d., etc. n.d. 

fo. 145. Grant from the same to the same (as preceding). 

fo. 145^. Grant for 16 marks from Simon Fenekel of 
Notingham, chaplain, to Nicholas son of Hugh de 
Wermundesworthe, of a messuage in Notingham, viz., 
a ground floor of stone with cellars and garden, lying 
opposite the hospital of St. John at Notingham. 
Rent id. n.d. 

fo. 146. Grant from Geoffrey Cade of Notingham to the church 
of Stanley, of a rent of 6d. from a messuage which 
Juette daughter of William son of Gervase de Noting- 
ham held. n.d. 



THE CHARTULARV OF THE ABBEY OF DALE. 137 

fo. 146. Grant from Alice widow of Benedict Chapman of 
Notingham, to the church of Stanley, of a rent of 
6d. n.d. 

fo. 146''. Grant from Geoffrey Baldewyn of Notingham, to the 
church of Stanley, of a rent of i2d. from a messuage 
in Notingham. ti.d. 
Grant from William son of William de Barregate to the 
same, of a rent of i2d. from a tenement in Noting- 
ham. n.d. 

fo. 147. Grant from Geoffrey de Salicosa-mara and Matilda his 
wife, daughter of William son of Ralph, to the same, 
of their lands in Notingham, excepting a rent of 20s. 
n.d. 
Quit-claim from Robert de Curson and Agnes la Archere, 
his wife, to the same, of a toft in Notingham with 
buildings, lying between the land of the church of 
Stanley, and le orgerlane. Rent i2d. n.d. 

fo. 148. Blatik. 

Derby. 

fo. 148*^. Covenant made between the abbot of Stanley, and 
the brethren of the hospital of St. Leonard, of Derby, 
of a confirmation by them to the said abbot of a 
messuage in Derby, lying next a messuage of Nigel fitz 
Baldewin. Rent 2s. 6d. n.d. 
Grant from William Juvenis, son of Thomas Juvenis, to 
the church of Stanley, of a rent of 4s. from a mes- 
suage in Derby opposite the Friars Preachers, as a 
perpetual alms to assist in sustaining a lamp, burning 
night and day, in the said church, before the altar 
of St. Wereburge. n.d. 

fo. 149. Grant from magister William Juvenis of Derby, to the 
church of Stanley, of a rent of 4s., from a tenement 
in Derby. Also 2s. rent, from a bovate of land with 
toft and croft in Alwaldistone. n.d. 

fo. 149''. Letters of attorney from magister Willelmus son of 
Thomas Juvenis, of Derby, to William his chaplain. 



138 THE CHARTULARY OF THE ABBEY OF DALE. 

to deliver seisin to the abbot of la Dale, of 10s. 
rent in Derby and Alvvaldistone, from a messuage 
in Derby. Dat. at la Dale, on the day of St. Severin, 
1275- 
Grant from Thomas Juvenis of Derby, to the church of 
Stanley, of a messuage in Derby. Witn. Andrew son 
of Peter, and Peter col, then bailiffs of Derby, John 
le Ferur, Nicholas son of Aldred (and many more). 
Dated in the court of Derby 16 Hen. (HI.)- 

fo. 150. Sale for 35s. 2d. from Robert Gos to Thomas Juvenis, 
of Derby, of all his land in the street of the Blessed 
Mary. Namely the third part of a toft which belonged 
to Alfured Gos, his father. Witn. Hugh son of 
Philipp, Nicholas son of Aldred, John le Ferur (and 
many others). 
Confirmation from William Juvenis to the church of 
Stanley, of i2d. rent, from a toft held by Alan le 
de lucre of Hugh father of s'^ William, " in extremis 
laborans." n.d. 

fo. 150''. Grant from Henr)' son of William Juvenis of Derby, 
to the church of Stanley, of a rent of id. from a 
toft in Derby, n.d. 
Grant for 17s. from Sighdrida daughter of Roger and 
Goda her sister, to Ralph Crispyn of Derby, of a 
certain part of their land in Derby, next the path that 
leads to the cell of St. James. Rent is. n.d. 

fo. 151. Grant for 9s. from Sighdrida, dau. of Roger of Derby, 
to Ralph Crispyn of Derby, of a certain part of her 
lands in Derby (as preceding). Rent is. n.d. 

fo. isi*^. Grant from Ralph Cryspin to the church of Stanley, 
of a rent of 2s. 6d. with two hens, from a toft in 
Derby, n.d. 

Hilton. 

fo. 152. Quit-claim from Ralph son of Nicholas de Hiltone to 
Robert son of Margery de Hiltone, of a rent of 4s., 
for 2 bovates of land in Hiltone. 



THE CIIARTULARY OF THE ABBEY OF DALE. 1 39 

Grant from Ralph son of Nicholas de Hiltone to the 
church of Stanley, of an acre and a half of land in 
Hiltone, viz. one upon Riecroft and half near the gate 
of the canons, also a rood upon Lebreche towards 
aysse, and one rood upon Knapehyl extending towards 
le botham. n.d. 

fo. 152^ Grant from Ralph son of Nicholas de Hiltone, to the 
church of Stanley, of an acre and a half of land in 
Hiltone, viz., upon le breche extending to pot loch, 
next the lands of the s'* church. 7i.d. 

fo. 153. Grant from Ralph son of Nicholas de Hyltone to 
Henry de Stevvelle, of a messuage in Hyltone and 19 
acres in the same place, lying upon le Wyldemarflat, 
and others extending to the meadow of Suttone, others 
upon le breche towards Ges and upon Knapinhul, 
viz., upon Smithesforlonge, and Neweye, le lecelondis, 
le breche towards Etewalle, and upon potlak, and 
Wyteslade. Rent i2d. n.d. 

fo. 153''. Grant for 5 marks from Ralph son of Nicholas de 
Hiltone, to the church of Stanley, of his culture of 
braystreu. Rent a lb. of pepper " ad nundinas Derb " 
on the feast of St. James. In default of such grant 
the said Ralph agrees to give 4 acres of land in 
Hiltone, viz., upon le Wildemerflat, and upon le 
blakeflat, and upon the meadow of Sutton, n.d. 

fo. 154. Grant for 5s. from the same to Stephen, clerk of 
Egintone, of a messuage in Hiltone. Rent 4d. n.d. 
Confirmation from the same to the same of a messuage 
which the said Ralph, and others, sold to William, vicar 
of Merstone, viz., which Stephen the clerk gave to 
William " filiolo suo quem de sacro fonte levavit." 
n.d. 

fo. 154''. Grant for 2 marks from the same to Walter, son of 
Adam de Ustone, of an acre of land in Hiltone, lying 
in a meadow called potlak. n.d. 
Confirmation from the same to the church of Stanley 
of a grant made to them of land in Hiltone. n.d. 



140 THE CHARTULARY OF THE ABBEY OF DALE. 

fo. 155. Grant from William, vicar of Merstone, to William son 
of Stephen clerk of Egintone his godson " quem 
de sacro fonte levavi," of a messuage in Hilton, 
extending towards the cemetery in the east. The 
same William to keep a lamp burning at the celebra- 
tion of mass in the chapel of Hilton, according to 
a charter made between the mother church and the 
lords of Hilton. And at the cessation of the celebra- 
tion in the said chapel, then a lamp burning in the 
mother church of Merston during the hours of 
celebration of mass only. n.d. 

fo. 155''. Letters from William son of William, formerly living 
in Hiltone, of Toteberj', remitting and pardoning all 
transgressions and quarrels that had existed of old 
between the abbot and convent of la Dale and the 
said William and his father, and binding himself to 
defend, at his own cost, all future actions against the 
said house. Dat. Derby, day of St. John of Beverley, 
A° 1281. 

fo. 156. Grant from Robert de Pyru to the church of Stanley, 
of a half bovate of land in Hiltone, and 6 buttes of 
land next the bridge of Etewelle, and 8 buttes at 
Sladehilles, and 6 buttes near the torrent (torrentem), 
2 buttes upon Holm and 2 at le Crumbelondes, and 
2 acres of land at hestcrofyatis and i place called 
Haylgrenes, butting upon le Nortdik and micelemedue 
and potlak, le formedue, and one gore at portlakdik. 
n.d. 

fo. 156''. Bond from Hugh Brun of Hiltone to pay to the abbot 
of la Dale, i lb. of cummin, n.d. 
Grant from William son of Richard de Batheley to the 
church of Stanley, of a selion of land in Hilton at 
Blakelowe. n.d. 

fo. 157. Covenant between Laurence, abbot of la Dale and 
Walter de Morlege and Elianor his wife, by which the 
said abbot grants to them for 20s. six acres of land in 



THE CIIARTULARY OF THE ABBEY OF DALE. I41 

Hilton, lying in Dy, part of which adjoins Alwetone- 
weye, etc., and part upon the field of Suttone. Rent 
3od. n.d. 

fo. 157^^. Grant from William son of the chaplain of Hilton, to 
the church of Stanley, of 3 acres in Hiltone, lying in 
Suttone, brademere furlang, and in snapehil, extending 
upon the road to Alvetone, and toward Egintone, viz. 
in Haverholmhirst, and in milnefurlong. n.d. 

fo. 158. Grant from John son of Henry, formerly parson of 
Etewelle, to the church of Stanley, of 3 acres of land 
in Hiltone, viz. in Haregreneforlang, and upon Knape- 
hil and Welleforlong, and upon Barweswey and le 
stonilandes. n.d. 
Grant from Hugh son of William clerk of Hilton, to the 
church of Stanley, of a mansion which belonged to 
his father in Hilton, and an acre of land at benelondes 
and Ruicroft, stonilowe and Wildmerfiat, and a 
meadow in Mikelmde. Rent i lb. of cummin at the 
fairs of Derby, s.d. 
Quit-claim from Alice widow of William son of Richard 
de Hilton, to the church of Stanley, of a bovate of 
land in Hiltone. n.d. 

fo. 159. Quit-claim for 15s. from Isabella widow of William 
Cocus, to the same, of her claim, by way of dower 
to a tenement in Hilton, n.d. 
Grant from Robert son of Walkeline de Egintone to the 
same, of a portion of a culture at lambecroft dik 
towards the town of Egingtone, and Wilington, etc. 
n.d. 

fo. 159^ Grant from Margaret de Hiltone widow, to the church 
of Stanley, of 3 acres of land in Hiltone, viz. upon 
haregreveforlong, extending to Sutton, and upon 
Knapehil, and Welleforlong, and under barwesweye, 
and upon Stanilondes. n.d. 
Grant from William, son of John Cocus of Tutteberj', 
to the church of Stanley, of 2 bovates of land in 



142 THE CHARTULARY OF THE ABBEY OF DALE. 

Hiltone, which his father had in exchange of lands 

in buissivis. Rent 2S. and a pair of shoes or 3 pence. 

n.d. 
fo. 160. Grant from William, son of William clerk of Hiltone, 

to Hugh his brother, of the service rendered by 

William Swift of Hilton, viz. 3d. and a pair of white 

gloves, etc. n.d. 
Grant from Robert de Parer to the church of Stanley, 

of a bovate of land in Hilton, n.d. 
fo. 160^. Quit-claim from Robert Wildegos to the church of 

Stanley, of 2 bovates of land in Hilton, for 12 years. 

n.d. 
Grant from William Swift of Hilton, to the church of 

Stanley, of a meadow in Potlak in Hilton, n.d. 
fo. 161. Grant from Matilda widow of William Swyft of Hilton 

to the church of Stanley, of a meadow in Hilton, 

forming part of her dower, n.d. 
fo. 161^. Confirmation from Henry de Beke, son of Geoffrey de 

Beke, to the church of Stanley, of a culture of land 

in Hiltone, upon beysterne. Rent i lb. of pepper 

at the fair of Derby, viz. on the feast of St. James 

n.d. 
Grant from Henry son of Geoffrey de Beke, to the 

church of Stanley, of a bovate of land in Hilton, n.d. 
fo. 162. Confirmation from Geoffrey de Beke, knt. to the same, 

of three acres of land in Hilton, which William son 

of the chaplain of Hilton gave them. n.d. 
Grant from Hugh son of Ralph, for his soul and that of 

Agnes and Ydonea his wives, and of Ralph and Hugh 

his sons, to the same, of 7 bovates in Paynestrorpe 

and Seleston, and other lands there and in Wandes- 

lege etc. for the support of a canon ministering there. 

n.d. 

Little Hallam. 
fo. 162^. Grant from Hugh son of Ralph (as above) to the same 

of 10 bovates in Little Halum, in exchange for 19 

bovates in Selistone. n.d. 



THE CHARTULARY OF THE ABBEY OF DALE. 1 43 

fo. 163. Quit-claim from the same to the same, of 14 acres of 
land, which he held in exchange for 10 borates in 
Selistone. n.d. 

fo. 163^. Grant from the same to the same, of a borate of land 
in Seliston and Wandesley, and a bovate called Stan- 
delfcroft, and 24s. 8d. Rent payable by different 
persons, etc. n.d. 

fo. 164. Grant from the same to the same, of 10 acres in 
Wandesley. n.d. 
Grant from Symon de Ver son of Walter de Ver, for his 
soul and those of Wide and Gundred de Ver, to the 
same, of his land of Halum, viz. 14 bovates which 
Hugh de Muscham gave to Wido de Ver in marriage 
with Margaret his daughter. For the support of 3 
canons, priests, perpetually celebrating, and for the 
repairs of the hostel of the same house, n.d. 

fo. 164''. Grant from the same to the same, for his soul (as 
before with the addition of Margaret, and of Robert de 
Muschamp), of lands (as in preceding). 

fo. 165. Grant from Nicholas de Chauencurt, for his soul and 
of that of Gundred his wife, and of Wido de Ver, 
his father, and of Robert de Muschamp, his uncle, 
also of Robert de Chauencurt his father and Erne- 
burge his mother, to the same, of his land in Halum, 
viz., 14 bovates which Hugh de Muschamp gave (as 
above). And in case of inability to warrant, then, 
in exchange, 100 marks. 

fo. 165'^. Memorandum from Wido de Ver, that he had given to 
Adam son of Robert son of Hernisius with Gundreda 
his daughter, his land in Halom, being 14 bovates 
which he had in free marriage with Margaret, his 
wife. n.d. 

Derby. 

fo. 166. Quit-claim from Letice widow of Reginald Pupeth, to 
the church of Stanley, of all tenements which Reginald 
Popeth held in the lane of St. James in Derby, n.d. 



144 THE CHARTULARY OF THE ABBEY OF DALE. 

Grant for 2.s. from Henry son of Thomas de Derby 
and Beatrix his wife, to the same, of a meadow called 
Warn if en. ti.d. 
Acknowledgment from Robert son of Nicholay le 
somenure of Derby of a grant made of his messuage 
in Derby to Geoffrey, chaplain of Breydissale, also 
that he is bound to pay for the same to the church 
of Stanley, yearly, 3s. whether the s^ Geoffrey holds 
the s"^ messuage or not. ti.d. 

fo. 166'^. Grant from Cristiana daughter of Peter son of Mabille 
of Derby, for her soul and that of Nicholas son of 
Aldred her late husband, to the church of Stanley, 
of a toft in Derby with buildings. Rent 6d. n.d. 

fo. 167. Grant from Geoffrey de Barwe in Derby to the mass 
of the B. Mary at le Dale, to be celebrated for her 
soul, of 6d. rent, from a place of land in the parish 
of St. Peter in Derby, etc. n.d. 
Grant from Peter son of Colbein of Derby to the church 
of Stanley, of a rent of 6d. from a toft which belonged 
to Colbeyhi his father in Derby, n.d. 

YOXALL. 

fo. 167^. Grant from William de Ferrers, earl of Derby to 
Thomas de Edneshovere for service, 4 marks in his 
mills of Yoxhale. Rent ^d. n.d. 
Grant from Thomas son of Fulcher de Ednesovere for 
safety of the soul of his lord William earl of Ferrers 
and William his son, and that of Fulcher and Agnes, 
his father and mother, and of Lucie, Margery and 
Mabel his wives, to the church of Stanley, of a rent 
of 4 marks derived from the mills of Yorkeshale which 
he had of the gift of the said earl. n.d. 

fo. 168. Confirmation from William de Ferrers, earl of Derby 
(after reciting, in full, the preceding grant), to the 
said church, of a rent of ^d. which he used to receive 
from the above-named Thomas. 

fo. 168'^. Confirmation from William de Ferrers, earl of Derby, 
to the church of Stanley (as preceding). Dat. at 



THE CHARTULARY OF THE ABBEY OF DALE. 1 45 

Toteb' [Tutbury] Eve of St. Valentine, 37 Hen. son 
of John. 
Quit-claim from Mabel de Curzun widow of Thomas de 
Edneshovere to the church of Stanley, of a rent of 
17s. pd. which she received by way of dower out of 
4 marks derived from the mills of Yoxale. n.d. 
Derby. 
fo. 169. Grant from Robert clerk son of Robert Wrin of Derby 
to the same of lands in Derby (boundaries given). 
Some of these lie near the cemetery of S'. Werberge 
and in Fulstrete, others in Waldwik next the place 
where the " furnus " used to be, others in Walstrete and 
next dikfurlange, an acre at Mariwelle and an acre 
upon Osburgesholm, also at foxholes and in Warnifen. 
Witn. Symon Tuschet, parson of Machwithe, Sir 
Philipp de Tuke, Walkelin fitz Peter, Hugh son of 
Philippe, Nicolas fitz Aldred, Robert son of CoUinge, 
then bailiffs, and others. 
Eginton. 
fo. 169*^. Grant from Amalric de Gasci, knt., to the church of 
Stanley, of id. rent from 2 bovates of land in 
Amboldestone, of which Robert de Muschamp had, in 
marriage, with Agnes his wife, sister to Amalric, with 
the patronage of a moiety of the church of Egintone. 
n.d. 
Grant from Geoffrey de Mustris, with consent of Avice 
his wife daughter of William son of Ralph de 
Alwoldestone, formerly senechal of Normandy, to the 
church of Stanley, together with the patronage of a 
moiety of the church of Egingtone which is known to 
belong to him (Geoffrey), n.d. 
Egyntone. 
Extended transcripts : — 

Omnibus Christi fidelibus presens scriptum visuris velandituris : 

Amalricus de Gasci miles, salutem in domino. Noveritis 

universi me pro amore del, at pro salute anime mee, et pro 

animabus patris mei et matris mee et pro animabus 

ID 



146 THE CHARTULARY OF THE ABBEY OF DALE. 

omnium antecessorum et successorum meorum, dedisse, 
concessisse et hac presenti carta mea confirmasse deo 
et Ecclesie beate Marie de Parco Stanleia et canonicis ordinis 
Premonastratensium, ibidem deo servientibus, Redditum unius 
denarii de duabus bovatis terre in Amboldestone a dictis canoni- 
cis annuatim percipiendum quas Robertus de Muschamp habuit 
in maritagio cum Agnete uxore sua, sorore mea. Cum toto jure 
patronatus medietatis ecclesie de Egintone, quod habui val 
habere potui. In liberam, puram et perpetuam elemosinam. In 
cujus rei testimonium presenti scripto sigillum meum apposui. 
Hiis testibus, etc. 
Omnibus Christi fidelibus ad quos presens scriptum pervenerit, 
Galfridus de Mustris Salutem in domino. Noverit universitas 
vestra me consensu Avicie uxoris mee, filie Willelmi filii Radulfi 
de Alwoldestone quondam senescalli de Normannia, Intuitu dei 
et pro salute animarum nostrarum, et antecessorum et successo- 
rum nostrorum dedisse et concessisse et hac presenti carta mea 
confirmavi deo et Ecclesie Beate Marie de Parco Stanleia et 
canonicis ordinis Premonastratensium ibidem des servientibus, 
jus patronatus medietatis Ecclesie de Egingtone quod ad me 
dinoscitur pertinere. In cujus rei testimonium, presenti scripto 
sigillum meum una cum sigillo predicte Avicie Uxoris mee 
apposui. Hiis testibus, etc. 

fo. 170. Grant from Henry son of Nicholas de Chambreis to 
the church of Stanley, of 2 bovates in Brinolvestone. 
Those which Swain held of Nicholas his father, with 
Galiena widow of s"^ Swain and her goods, n.d. 
Agreement from Henr}' de Chambre' to warrant to the 
abbot of Stanley, two bovates of land in Brynaldistone, 
free of all service (etc.). n.d. 
Etwall. 

fo. 170''. Sale from Henry son of Peter de Boltone to Gilbert, 
chaplain, son of John son of Engenulf de Etewelle, 
for 7 marks and 4od., 8s. of rent which he received 
of 3 bovates in Etewelle. n.d. 

fo. 171. Grant from Gilbert de Etewelle, chaplain, to the 
church of Stanley, of 8s. rent, for 3 bovates in 
Etewelle. n.d. 

Hilton. 

fo. 171''. Grant from Jordan de Touke, for his soul and that 
of Henry his grandson (" filii filii mei " — perhaps an 
error), to the church of Stanley, of his lordship of 



THE CHARTULARY OF THE ABBEY OF DALE. 1 47 

Hyltone, excepting 3 acres nearer the field of Suttune, 
which he had previously given to the canons of Trent- 
ham, and half a meadow in Hilton, n.d. 
Grant from Robert de Touke to the church of Stanley, 
of a bovate of land in Hyltone. n.d. 

fo. 172. Confirmation from Peter de Touke to the church of 
Stanley, of 3 bovates of land in Hyltone, which Hugh 
de Mackeley held, together with the same rustic 
[rustico] and his goods, n.d. 

fo. 172. Grant from Jordan de Toka to the church of Stanley, 
of a tenth of his fishery of Potlac. n.d. 

fo. 172*^. Grant from Peter son of Robert de Touke, to the same, 
of Richard son of Richard ad le Grene of Hyltone, his 
native, with his goods, and lands which said Richard 
held " in vinelayis " of the same place, n.d. 

fo. 1 7 2^. Grant from Robert de Pyrce to the church of Stanley 
of 3 bovates in Hyltone, viz. 2 bovates which Hugh 
de Mackeley held, together with the same rustic and 
his goods, and one bovate held by Ralph Kare. n.d. 

fo. 1 73. Grant from Robert de Pyrce to the church of Stanley, 
of two bovates in Hilton (as last). 
Grant from Robert son of Margery de Hyltone to the 
same, of 4d. rent in Hyltone. n.d. 

fo. 1 73*^. Grant from William, clerk, of Thorpe to the same, of 
his chief mansion in Hylton, and lands at benelondes, 
Ruecroft, Stanilone, Wildemerflat, and Muclemede. 
Rent I lb. of cummin at the fair of Derby, n.d. 

fo. 174. Grant from Hugh son of William, clerk of Hyltone to 
the same, of the service received from William Swift 
of Hyltone, viz. 3d. and a pair of white gloves, n.d. 

fo. 174. Grant from the same to the same, of a rent of ^d. to 
be received from Richard Latheman for a tenement in 
Hiltone. n.d. 

fo. 1 7 4^ Confirmation from Ralph son of Nicholas de Hilton 
to the church of Stanley, of a messuage and 2 selions 
extending to the way of Ryecroft, in Hyltone, also an 
annual rent of 6d. n.d. 



148 THE CHARTULARY OF THE ABBEY OF DALE. 

Grant from Ralph son of Nicholas de Hyltone, to the 
church of Stanley, of the homage of Ysabelle le Foun 
in Hyltone, viz. ^d. annually from a tenement in 
Hyltone, also an acre in Potlake in same place, and 
a rent of id. n.d. 

fo. 175. Manumission from William, son of Herebert knt., to 
the church of Stanley, of Richard son of William 
Cooper (Coopertoris) of Hylton and Godladde his 
brother, natives of the said William, with their goods. 
n.d. 

fo. 175^. Grant from Ralph son of Nicholas de Hiltone, to the 
same, of the service of ^d. to be derived from a 
tenement in Hiltone. n.d. 
Grant for 5 marks from Ralph son of Nicholas de Hiltone 
to the same, of the culture of baystreu with meadow, 
common of pasture, etc. Rent i lb. of pepper at the 
fair of Derby, n.d. 

fo. 176. Grant from the same to the same, of an acre of land 
in Hiltone which Cecilia his mother held in her 
widowhood, viz. upon Otirsoythul, in le daltflat, upon 
la brendhet, upon Nochacreslade. n.d. 

fo. 176''. Grant from Robert son of Margery de Hiltone, to the 
church of Stanley, of a tenement in Hiltone. Rent 4s. 
and two quarters of ... . n.d. 
Grant from Robert son of Margery de Hiltone, to the 
same of a tenement in Hiltone. Rent 4s. (at various 
seasons), n.d. 

fo. 177. Grant from Robert son of Margery de Hiltone, to the 
church of Stanley, of 2 selions containing one acre in 
Hyltone, lying upon Mildelbarche in exchange of 3 
selions, containing one acre in Hilton, n.d. 

fo. 17 7^ Grant from the same, to the same, of 2 selions in 
Hiltone, abutting the cemetery on the west. n.d. 
Bond from Ralph son of Nicholas de Hiltone, to Henry 
de Thok, for 2od., which the ?,^ Henry was accustomed 
to receive from a tenement in Hiltone. n.d. 
[Here the chartulary ends.] 



THE CHARTULARY OF THE ABBEY OF DALE. 1 49 

ff. 178, 179. A list of abbots, with brief annotations as to each, 
beginning " Memorandum et posteris nostris," in a 
fourteenth century hand. It was apparently written 
about 1438, when John Spondon, the sixteenth abbot, 
began his rule. The seventeenth and eighteenth 
abbots are entered by another pen. This list, with 
translation, and various additional particulars as to the 
abbots, was contributed by Mr. St. John Hope to the 
fifth volume of the Journal of this Society in 1883. 

fo. 179''. Blank. 

ff. 180-187''. The old chronicle of the founding of Dale abbey, 
by Thomas de Musca, a canon of the house. The 
fragments on ff. 5 and 1 95 are almost certainly portions 
of the original version in the handwriting of the com- 
piler. This copy, when compared with the now indis- 
tinct original fragments, has been somewhat carelessly 
done ; nevertheless it is peculiarly interesting, and one 
of the most vividly written and picturesque accounts 
of the founding of any English religious house now 
extant. A copy of it was made by Nicholas Charles, 
Lancaster herald, in 161 1, which is to be found in the 
Cotton MSS., Julius C. vii., ff. 265-268; there is a 
later copy in Harl. MSS. 5804, ff. 278-284. It is 
printed in Latin in Dugdale, but with many errors, 
and was given in an English dress by Glover; but the 
only good critical version, with a faithful translation, 
is that which was given by Mr. St. John Hope in the 
fifth volume of this Journal. 

ff. 188-194'^. List of tenants and rents, in an early sixteenth cen- 
tury hand. 

fo. 195. Another fragment of the original chronicle. 

fo. 196. Fly leaf, with notes of accounts, nearly indecipherable. 



There are but few original charters of Dale extant ; but one, 
in private hands, of John Grauncourt, the third abbot, who ruled 
from 1233 to 1253, is a beautiful example of the deeds of that 



150 THE CHARTULARY OF THE ABBEY OF DALE. 

period. The impression of the first conventional seal of the 
abbey is nearly perfect. The following is an extended 
transcript : — 

Omnibus Christi fidelibus ad quos presens scriptum pervenerit, 
frater J[ohannes] Abbas et Conventus de Parco Stanle, salutem 
in domino. Noveritis nos dedisse concessisse et hac presenti 
carta nostra confirmasse Johanni de Lokintone pro homagio et 
servicio suo duas bovatas terre in Breidestone cum omnibus 
pertinentiis suis, unam scilicet quam idem Johannes aliquando 
tenuit de nobis et aliam quam vitrarius tenuit in eadem villa. 
Tenendas et habendas sibi et heredibus suis libere quiete et 
pacifice. Reddando inde annuatim nobis et successoribus nostris 
decem solidos ad duos terminos, videlicet quinque solidos ad 
Pentecosten et quinque solidos ad festum Sancti Martini pro 
omni servicio excepto omni (?) forinseco. Nos vero et succes- 
sores nostri Warantizabimus predicto Johanni et heredibus suis 
predictas duas bovatas terre contra omnes homines. In cujus 
rei testimonium, presenti scripto sigillum nostrum apposuimus. 
Teste sigillo Capituli nostri. 
Endorsed. Carta Abbatis de Dala de ij bovatis terre in Breidestone. 



Our first illustration to this chartular}' is a facsimile repro- 
duction of a page of the original, namely, fo. 36 of the present 
pencilled numbering, and it will, at least, convey some idea 
of the difficulties of the task undertaken by Dr. Cox. The 
curious caricature at the foot — probably an addition by some 
idle novice — tends to corroborate the date of the MS., for it 
portrays the hooded hauberk, which was superseded, in England, 
by the bascinet in the reigns of Edward II. and III. 

Our second is a similar representation of a thirteenth centun,- 
deed and seal of Dale Abbey ; the latter being, perhaps, the 
best of the very few extant. Its description is as follows : 
Within the legend " + s' : ecclesie : sancte : marie : de : 
PARCO : stanlee," a half-length figure of the Virgin Mary 
bearing the Holy Child in her arms ; in base, beneath a 
trefoiled arch, pinnacled at the gables, a half-length figure of 
an abbot praying.— Editor. 




"'1 




*p 



151 



Wi)c Ancient iFont of Smallcw (lE^urc^. 



By Percy H. Currey, Hon. Secretary. 




HEN the ancient chapel at Smalley was demolished 
in 1790, the old font was removed, and disappeared. 
The Rev. T. B. Charlesworth, Vicar of Smalley, has, 
however, recently discovered, and proposes to restore 
to the church, what would appear to be the bowl of 
this old font. It was used as a cattle trough on the farm 
of Mr. Barber, who bought it at the sale of the effects of the 
late Mr. Purvis, of Flamstead ; and we know that other stones 
from the church have been sold and used in neighbouring 
buildings. 

The bowl in question is a plain, circular vessel, 2 ft. i in. 
in diameter, and i ft. 9 ins. in height, pierced for a drain, and 
the lower part has apparently been dressed off to give it a 
flat base. In a description of the original, supplied by an old 
inhabitant to the Rev. Chas. Kerry, and given in Dr. Cox's 
Churches of Derbyshire, there is said to have been an orna- 
mental band round the top. But such sources of information 
are often unreliable, and, in view of the great lapse of time 
since the font was removed, it probably is so in this case; 
or it is even possible that the top of the bowl may have been 
dressed down in a similar way to the base. On the one hand, 
it is certainly difficult to believe that this heavy circular bowl, 
drained in the centre, can have been made for a cattle trough 



152 THE ANCIENT FONT OF SMALLEY CHURCH. 

or for any secular purpose; and, on the other, it has every 
appearance of being in reality the ancient Norman font. 
Another font (now disused), made by a mason who remembered 
the old one, is said to be an imitation of it, yet its bowl is 
quite plain. 

[Mr. Currey's description of the newly-discovered bowl would 
seem to tally almost exactly with that of the ancient font 
at Mottram in Longdendale, which, curiously enough, has 
passed through similar vicissitudes. — Ed.] 



153 



IReviews nni> IRottces ot IWew 3Boof?5. 

Unaer this heading, it is proposed to call attention to a selection from 
current literature relating to the archeology or natural history of our comity. 
Communications should he addressed to the Hon. Editor. 



eadg 3Ucnatssanfc ^rd)ttrftuvt \\\ 



By the Rev. J. Charles Cox, LL.D., F.S.A. 




R. GOTCH, who has long ago proved himself to be 
a master on the subject of the architecture of the 
Renaissance in England, has recently produced an 
admirable historical and descriptive account of the 
Tudor, EHzabethan, and Jacobean periods, in a volume that 
is generously illustrated with aptly chosen examples. Text 
books have been almost unduly multiplied with regard to the 
development and evolution of English architecture down to 
the close of the fifteenth century. Many a fairly well-read 
Englishman has more or less correct notions of the successive 
periods of Gothic architecture, particularly as displayed in 
what the " restorers" have left us of our parochial churches; 
but from Tudor times downwards there is for the most part 
considerable ignorance. The time for sneering at everything 
that was not Gothic has happily gone by, and Mr. Gotch has 
opportunely stepped in at the beginning of a new century 

* Early Renaissance Architecture in England. By J. A. Gotch, F.S.A. 
Price, 2s. net. B. T. Batsford, High HolJaorn. 

We are much indebted to Mr. Batsford for the loan of the blocks that 
illustrate this notice. 



154 EARLY RENAISSANCE ARCHITECTURE IN DERBYSHIRE. 

with a work that is of artistic and technical value, and at the 
same time popularly written, to supply information as to the 
architecture of the sixteenth and early seventeenth centuries. 

The intention of this short notice, in addition to drawing 
general attention to a noteworthy book, is to point out to 
Derbyshire folk the interest that attaches to their own county 
in the buildings of this period. Mr. Gotch has found far 
more material to illustrate his work in this county than in any 
other English shire of a like size. This must not be looked for 
in the church fabrics. The English Reformation unhappily 
imbibed not a few of the extravagant notions of certain con- 
tinental enthusiasts — those " poor withered souls," as Sir W. B. 
Richmond recently termed them at the Nottingham Church 
Congress — who were convinced that the worship of the Great 
Designer of the Universe ought to be divorced from everything 
connected with skilful handicraft or beauty of design. The 
movement in England, associated as it was with the spoliations 
of Henry VIII., and more particularly of Edward VI., not only 
put a rude check on church building or extension that lasted 
for some three centuries, but also worked the destruction (out- 
side the religious houses) of a vast number of interesting 
ecclesiastical buildings. In Derbyshire alone, as has been 
pointed out,* upwards of one hundred churches or chapels fell 
into desuetude and consequent ruin during the reign of Elizabeth. 
Mr. Gotch boldly asserts that there is no ecclesiastical archi- 
tecture of early Renaissance character in England. This is 
undoubtedly the fact, for when we think of the instances of 
pre-reformation churches of the first thirty years of the six- 
teenth century, they are all entirely Gothic in treatment. 
Moreover the two or three isolated examples of church building 
or church extension of the Stuart days are all of a debased 
imitative Gothic style. The only instance that we know of 
genuine Renaissance stone work in connection with an English 
church during the whole of the long reign of Elizabeth was at 
Holdenby, Northamptonshire, where Sir Christopher Hatton em- 
ployed John Thorpe to build the vast and magnificent Holdenby 
* Notes on Churches of Derbyshire, vol. iv, 537-8. 



EARLY RENAISSANCE ARCHITECTURE IN DERBYSHIRE. 1 55 

House, circa 1580-5. The workmen not only beautified the 
interior of the adjacent church with a classical screen, and 
adorned the walls with richly bordered texts, but they built a 
new and handsome south doorway after a fashion exactly 
harmonising with the House. This rare if not unique church 
embellishment of Elizabethan days was ruthlessly swept away 
in the " seventies," by Sir Gilbert Scott, to give place to an 
ordinary doorway and porch of Gothic imitation, in order that 
the whole church might "harmonise"! 




Frieze of the Foljambe Tomb (1592). Chesterfield Church. 



The influence, then, of the new classic style had no oppor- 
tunity for many a long year of shewing itself in English church 
building for the simple reason that Englishmen had ceased to 
build to the honour and glory of God. Folk had, however, 
still to be buried, and the great ones had not lost their desire 
to be specially commemorated, if not by prayers, at least by 
costly tombs within consecrated walls. The new style, intro- 
duced with consummate and costly skill on the monument of 
Henry VII., began gradually to make its way throughout 
England in the memorials of the wealthy dead. In more 
remote districts, such as Derbyshire, the old idea of the table 



156 EARLY RENAISSANCE ARCHITECTURE IN DERBYSHIRE. 

tomb, with recumbent effigies and hands piously folded in 
prayer, lingered on till towards the close of the sixteenth 
century. The Bradbourne tomb, of 1581, in Ashbourne 
church, of which Mr. Gotch gives an illustration and descrip- 
tion, is a late example of this survival. The Foljambe tombs, 
however, in Chesterfield church, show marked originality of 
treatment. One of them, dated 1592, in the form of a 
sarcophagus, shows much beauty and grace of pure classical 
design, as is shewn by a drawing of a portion of the alabaster 
frieze. (See illustration, p. 155). 

Illustrations are also given of the Cokayne tombs, Ashbourne, 
and of the tomb of Sir George Vernon, Bakewell. 

The fittings and furniture of churches, which often required 
renewal, gave scope for the development of the new style. 
This was particularly the case with pulpits. Many handsome 
pulpits date from 1603, when the canons ordered a pulpit to 
be placed in every church which was not already provided with 
one. Derbyshire has but few examples of church wood-work 
of Mr. Gotch's period, the Elizabethan Holy Table of Bread- 
sail church being the most noteworthy. This escaped, however, 
the writer's attention, but the well-designed and rather excep- 
tional pulpit of Chesterfield church is described and illustrated. 
It almost borders on the impertinent to differ with the writer 
on questions of probable dates, but from the nature of the 
ornament of this pulpit we are inclined to think that it is most 
likely of Restoration (1660) date, and therefore just outside 
the limit of this book. The illustrations of this volume are 
for the most part excellent, especially those which are 
reproductions from Mr. Gotch's camera. But the picture of 
Chesterfield pulpit is disappointing. The fine design of this 
good piece of woodwork is spoilt by its adjuncts. Perhaps 
Mr. Gotch lacked the courage to ask for the temporary 
removal of the obtrusive brass sermon rest of church furnishers' • 
design, or the unhanging of the still more obtrusive hymn 
notice board on the wall behind ! 



EARLY RENAISSANCE ARCHITECTURE IN DERBYSHIRE. 157 

Although the providing of buildings for religious purposes 
came to an almost complete standstill during the long reign of 
Elizabeth, there was an extraordinary development of domestic 
architecture not only on a noble scale, where the new style often 
had full sway, but also in buildings of lesser dimensions, and in 
the smaller manor houses, where the old native traditions were 
slower in yielding to the foreign ideas. Derbyshire has no 
magnificent examples such as are to be found at Burleigh and 
Kirby in Northamptonshire, though Bess of Hardwick left 
behind her a sufficiently pretentious and effective effort, where 
both comfort and grace were sacrificed to the overweening 
desire for abundance of glass, wherein it had been her intention to 
. have a magnificent display of heraldic ornament. Its appearance 
IS well summed up in the old jingle that says :-" Hardwick 
Hall, more glass than wall!" Mr. Gotch dealt generously 
with Hardwick in his former great portfolio work ; and in these 
pages will be found a plate of the presence chamber with its 
remarkable plaster frieze between six and seven feet deep 
ornamented with figure subjects in relief, and another plate of 
the marble panel over one of the bedroom chimney-pieces 
richly carved with an allegorical design. 

Haddon Hall, the most interesting piece of domestic work 
in all England, whose every style from early Norman to later 
Renaissance is blended in the one diversified but most har- 
monious building, has, if possible, been too much illustrated • 
until certain parts, such as the doorway of Dorothy's fabled 
exit, have become almost hackneyed. But no one of taste can 
regret that Mr. Gotch's cultured eye was caught bv such 
details as a door-latch, a window fastener, a leaden rain-head 
spout, a corner of the great hall, the wooden fittings of the 
chapel, or a beautiful pattern on a ceiling in the gatehouse. 

Far less known than Haddon or Hardwick, are Bolsover 
Castle, and Barlborough Hall. At Bolsover, a square house 
was built in 16 1 3, on the site of the ancient Norman keep. 
A ground plan is given of this symmetrical house with its 
forecourt and lodges, as well as a photographic plate of the 



158 EARLY RENAISSANCE ARCHITECTURE IN DERBYSHIRE. 

somewhat plain entrance front. "The house itself is full of 
" interest ; all the rooms on the basement and principal floor 
"are vaulted, and the vaulting ribs and corbels are managed 
"with such care as was seldom bestowed upon those features 
"even in the days of stone vaulting. This method of con- 
" struction was rapidly going out of fashion, most of the houses 
"of the sixteenth century having floors of joists and boards, 




Stone Corner Chimney-piece, Bolsover. 

"the underside being ceiled in the early part of the century 
" with wood, and in the latter part with plaster. But at 
"Bolsover, as late as 1613, we have stone vaulting beautifully 
"wrought. There is a large amount of good panelling also 
"left, and the chimney-pieces are unrivalled in any house of 
"the time for their beauty and variety.'' 



EARLY RENAISSANCE ARCHITECTURE IN DERBYSHIRE. 159 

El. abethan builders. The ground plan shows that it was 
built round an extremely small central court (now filled with 
a modern staircase) after a fashion common enough in sunny 




Barlborough House. 

Italy, but ill-suited for our duller weather. The hall is on the 
prtncpal floor and is approached from outside up a long flight 
Of steps. The actual class.c treatn.ent is confined oft 
entrance, which is flanked with columns, and to the intervening 



l6o EARLY RENAISSANCE ARCHITECTURE IN DERBYSHIRE. 

details of the battlements of the turrets. With respect to the 
interesting front of this house, Mr. Gotch well remarks 
that — " picturesqueness of outline, which was always sought 
for, is here obtained by carrying up the bay windows as 
turrets, a treatment which lends much distinction to an other- 
wise simple exterior." There is an excellent plate of the 
remarkably fine chimney-piece in Barlborough Hall, the upper 
part of which records the personal history of the original 




Gateway of the Old Hall, Ilighlow, near Hathersage. 

owner, Francis Rodes, Justice of the Common Pleas, married 
twice as there narrated. His own arms and those of his two 
wives are set forth with emphasis. The upper cornice is 
supported by two caryatides, one of whom represents justice, 
in allusion to the owner's calHng. 

Derbyshire has also a variety of smaller halls or manor 
houses than that of Barlborough, particularly in the north of 
the county, invisible to the speeding cyclist and known only 



EARLY RENAISSANCE ARCHITECTURE IN DERBYSHIRE. 



l6l 



to the patient rambler. Two of these have been noted and 
described by Mr. Gotch, and well illustrated with his camera. 
The gateway of Highlow Hall, near Hathersage, one of the 
seats of the many-branched Eyre family, is a characteristic 
example; whilst the modest steps that lead from a square 
forecourt to the wide-paved terrace that extends along the 
whole front of Eyam Hall have a charm and quiet dignity 
that had hitherto been unobserved. 




Terrace Steps ot the Old Hall at Eyam. 



It is understood that Mr. Gotch not long since made a 
summer sojourn in the north of the county. Derbyshire men, 
we feel sure, would rejoice to hear of another visit, and he 
has probably learnt enough already of the county, to know that 
there is yet much of interest in the shire of his own special 
period, impatiently waiting for notice from his pencil, pen, or 
camera. 
1 1 



1 62 EARLY RENAISSANCE ARCHITECTURE IN DERBYSHIRE. 

It is much to be hoped that ere long Mr. Gotch will be 
induced to bring out a companion volume to the one now 
under notice, extending from the Restoration to the end of the 
Georges. Such a descriptive handbook is at present entirely 
lacking. If undertaken in the power and spirit that animates 
these pages, the period would prove to be far more picturesque 
and interesting than is usually or fashionably supposed to be 
the case, and Derbyshire would again be well to the fore in 
variety of examples. The shelters that man has occupied, or 
has contrived for his convenience and delight can never lack 
in interest to the intelligent, from the caves of our palaeolithic 
ancestors to the villas of modern suburban life. 



i63 



Some l^crtjpstjirc ifonts. 

By G. Le Blanc Smith in The Reliquary, October, 1901. 



By W. J. Andrew, F.S.A. 



»l N the above paper Mr. Le Blanc Smith has selected 
2I for notation six fonts which will appeal to the 
vt sentiment of every true Derbyshire ecclesiologist, 
and by the courtesy of the proprietors of The 
Reliquary we are enabled to reproduce an illustration of each, 



I 




Fig. I. — Font at Youlgreave. 



164 



SOME DERBYSHIRE FONTS. 



remarkable for its clearness of photographic detail. The author 
deals with his subject throughout in a confident and concise 
method peculiarly his own, and welcome, even in theoretical 
archaeology. 

I. — The font at Youlgreave, we are told, is of the Norman 
period, and " unique in the possession of a projective ' stoup ' 
or ' chrismatory,' and, unlike the font at Pitsford, Northants 




Fig. 2. — Font at ^Vinstel■. 

(which has a ledge), it posses.ses one hollowed out in the same 
manner as the font itself." Mr. Smith calls attention to " the 
somewhat rare device of a ' salamander,' or species of dragon- 
like lizard," and to the ornamentation of the fleur-de-lys. The 
latter is interesting in that it was the favourite design upon 
the Norman coinage of England, and yet almost unknown upon 
our Saxon money. It may be added that the particular forrti 



SOME DERBYSHIRE FONTS. 



l6: 



of the fleur, as embossed on the font, seems to have been 
popular towards the close of the reign of Henrj- I and in 
that of Stephen. 

II. — The font at Winster is peculiar in form, and its illus- 
tration will convey a better idea of its appearance than any 
detailed description. According to Mr. Smith, it is of the 
Transitional Norman period of architecture, and its probable 
date 1200. 




Fig. 3. — Font at Ashbdumc. 

III. — The font at Ashbourne is a very good example of the 
Early English period, and "the most probable date is 1241, for 
that is the year in which the church was dedicated to S. Oswald, 
of which only the chancel remains in the Early English style." 

IV. — The font at Bakewell is octagonal in form, and " affords 
a remarkable illustration of the work of the Decorated period."' 
According to Dr. Cox {Azotes on Churches of Derbyshire) 



1 66 



SOME DERBYSHIRE FONTS. 



the figures sculptured in the panels represent S. Paul, S. Peter, 
Edward the Confessor, or David, S. Augustine, a figure with 
scroll, S. John the Baptist, a figure which might be any saint, 
and S. Chad. 

V. — The font at Tideswell belongs to the Perpendicular 
period, and Mr. Smith adds that the church has one of the 
earliest Perpendicular towers in the country. He tells us the 
story of the restoration of the font by the late rector. Canon 




Fig. 4. — Font at Bakewell. 

Andrew, who discovered it " turned upside down in a rubbish 
heap," which reminds us of that of the Smalley font, told in a 
previous page of this volume. " On the middle panel is an 
open book, on the left a chalice, and on the right an uncharged 
shield. All the other sides have various devices on them.'' 
Mr. Smith would seem to have relied for his descriptions upon 
his excellent photographs, as otherwise he would no doubt 
have completed his details, and in the Youlgreave instance 
he says " there are three fleur-de-lys, as will be seen from the 



SOME DERBYSHIRE FONTS. 



167 



illustration," whereas, if memory does not betray us, there are 
but two fleurs, for the third space is occupied by a figure of 
much archaeological interest. 




Fig. 5. — Font at Tideswell. 




Fig. 6. — Leaden Font at Ashover. 
VI. — The font at Ashover. " This font of the Norman period 
is made of lead, and is one of the twenty-nine now in existence 

* For the loan of this block we are indebted to the Rev. J. M. J. Fletcher, 
Vicar of Tideswell. 



1 68 SOME DERBYSHIRE FONTS. 

in England. These lead fonts are all very similar. . . The 
height is about i ft. and the diameter about 2 ft. Round the 
outside are twenty figures of men, all dressed alike, under 
precisely similar canopies, which run round in the form of an 
arcade."' Its dimension, as i ft. 2 ins. and i ft. 11^ ins. 
respectively, and fuller details of this interesting relic of Derby- 
shire plumbery are given by Dr. Cox in Vol. IX. of this Journal, 
where he supplies a list of thirty leaden fonts in England, 
tw'enty-one of which he assigns to the Norman period. 

Derbyshire has many fonts worthy of Mr. Le Blanc Smith's 
attention, and we trust that this selection is but the com- 
mencement of a series. 



0^. 







The Old Hali, at Mickleover, near Derby. 



169 



Hamtjltngs of an ^nticittarj?. 

•'The Old Hall at Mickleover." 
Bv George Bailey in The Antiquary, February, 1902. 



By W. J. Andrew, F.S.A. 




R. BAILEY commences the story of his ramblings 
with a description (jf a little-known hall at Mickle- 
over, within three or four miles of his home at Derby. 
That he is no mean artist of his subject will be 
apparent from his illustrations, which accompany this review, and 
which are printed from blocks kindly lent by Mr. Elliot Stock, the 
publisher of The Antiquary. The author takes us through the 
picturesque half-timbered house, which, he tells us, is still in 




Fig. 2. — Inscription on the lintel, Mickleover Hall. 

excellent preservation. We pass between imposing gate-posts 
of characteristic design, and facing us is the quaint porch, with 
its ver)' uncommon feature of balustered and open sides. On 
the lintel, deeply cut in solid oak, is the inscription " nisi 
DEVS FRVSTRA 1648 4-"' (fig- 2), which, as Mr. Bailey reminds 
us, also occurs on the battlements of Castle Ashby. Crossing 
the inner threshold, we enter what, originally, had been the 
hall, for on the right is the handsome oak staircase, and 



170 



Ramblings of An antiquary. 



opposite us is the old fireplace, "6 ft. 7 ins. by 5 ft. 4 ins. 
deep "(fig. 3). "Two rooms open into the hall: one now used 
as the kitchen has " the usual old-time . . . chimney and 




Fig. 3.— Fireplace, Mickleovei Hall. 



ingle nook"; the other, which is panelled with oak, has a 
fireplace similar to that in the hall, but the base of the stone- 
work frame is rather more elaborately moulded. Above it is 




Fig. 4. — Mantelpiece, Mickleover Hall. 

the neatly-designed mantelpiece (fig. 4), bearing the letters 
"ra" (although the upper letter may be "g"), and the date 
1655. "From the arrangement of the brickwork it can be seen 



RAMUMNGS OF AN ANTlgUARV. 

•ha. aUera.ions and adaptations have from time ,o time bin 

I J- ^"^^ bailey has in m nd a hall nf 

" the affirmatne, because the massing of ,l,e chimnevsTnd 

cir-ier rtesr ^;re:: iir: -^ - 1 
-.c,,m,e.ed..bedate.i.e„o„;:'::r„brir: 

«l ceT ' «'"">«-bea,e„ quadrangular building was 

educed to ,ts present form and thorougl^ly restored That 

i ".17^.Vr 1 T'''"-' ^*- '^^^ -- certain f 
n .6or Richard Harper, of lUickleover, gentleman" con 

::;rero:rtr/^ ^ '--'--— -- 
ac::«^:j^;r-ir-;:rr^ifr^:- 

-nnects . e inscription over the porch „ith the ex'ecu ^n T; 

ouT ,6 « !, °: ^"'""'' «°*' "*'■ "'• - "<= --ctly points 
out, ,M under the old style. He also suggests that the'etter 

or Cu on bT"'T"" ""' "' ""= "'"" "' C""'-' Cromwell. 
l,t J " "" '° '"'°""' " '<> Cromwell, "for abou 

M .me he received the „t,e of Lord Protector of the Comm ' 

" h ihe bTd ; ^"'"^'-^"-^ ^-^ ventures the assumption 
that the bndder of th,s house wished ,o make it tell a tale 
of the limes, ■ But we hesitate. 

In some future number of the Jo..r„al we hope to deal with 
.he h,s ory of Mickleover and its owners more in detail, but no 
better descnptton of the quaint old hall itself could be desired 
than that so carefully written and pleasingly illustrated by Mr 
Badey ,n the pages of T/,e AnApmri: 



172 



iEtritovtal Notes. 




A.TURAL HISTORY.— It is a matter of regret that, 
for some years, this section of the objects of the 
Society has been sadly neglected in the pages of the 
Journal. Although fewer, perhaps, in number, those 
of our readers who are interested in the subject are, 
surely, not less zealous than our archaeologists, and fnjm 
them papers dealing with the natural history of our county 
are n(jw invited. It may be mentioned that in response 
to this appeal, Professor Boyd Dawkins has already promised, 
for our next volume, his notes upon the recent important 
discoveries in Derbyshire of prehistoric mammalian remains. 

Discovery of a Neolithic Celt on Row^arth Moor. — 
Whilst levelling a marshy field, immediately to the west of his 
house, Mr. Abner Froggatt, of Ring Stones Farm, near Hayfield, 
discovered a stone celt of unusual interest. It is a beautiful 
specimen of the late polished series, measuring gl ins. long 
by 2| ins. at the broader, but diminishing to 2 ins. at the nar- 
rower end, and has a perfect oval section, with a rounded 
edge. When found it bore neither chip nor scratch on its 
highly-polished surface, and therefore may be presumed to have 
been almost unused. Mr. Froggatt states that there were no 
signs of a mound or tumulus above it, although it lay amongst 
some large stones, but he did not notice their position. These 
stones have been credited, in the newspapers, with Druidical 
origin, and one of them has even been seriously described as 
" the Arch-Druid's chair of sacrifice " — whatever that may mean 
— but, of course, they are merely the result of Nature's handi- 
work, untouched by the chisel of man. 



EDITORIAL NOTES. ,« 



The Pursglove Brass at Tideswell.-To the Athenaum of 
October 1 2th last Dr. Cox contributed an account of the 
recovery by the Rev. J. M. J. Fletcher, Vicar of Tideswell, 
of a sn.a! bras.s plate inscribed to the memory- of Lawrence 
Brierley, Vicar of Tideswell i66.-x68o. It is, however a 
pahmpsest, for upon the back are fragments of the origi'nal 
epitaph formerly placed below the well-known brass to Bishop 
Pursglove in Tideswell Church, but believed by Dr Cox to 
have been removed in 1587-9, "when fierce action was taken 
against the recusants, who were so strong a body in North 
Derbyshire. The mutilation and re-use of monumental brasses 
would seem to have been by no means infrequent, for the writer 
has two similar examples, one of the fifteenth and the other 
o the eighteenth century. The Pursglove fragment is worthy 
of Illustration in this Journal, and perhaps Dr. O.x will favour 
us with a paper upon it. 

Excavations at Arbor Low.-With the object of ascer- 
taining the age of stone circles, the British Association appointed 
a Committee, consisting of Dr. J. G. Garson (Chairman), Mr 
H. Balfour (Secretary), Sir John Evans, Professors Boyd 
Dawkins and R. Meldola, Dr. R. Munro, and Messrs. C H 
Read and A. L. Lewis. The Committee, after careful coiv . 
s.deration, selected Arbor Low as the most suitable for their 
exploration and after obtaining the necessary sanction of the 
Duke of Rutland and the First Commissioner of Works 
accepted the honorary services of Mr. H. St. George Gray to' 
conduct sectional excavation in the ancient monument A 
geometrical plan of the whole was first prepared, detailing,' with 
the nicest accuracy, the position, dimensions, and form of every 
stone visible upon the surface and the contours of the earth 
works. Then certain sections were excavated through the 
fosse and in the plateau, which resulted in the discoveries of 
various flint implements and of one almost perfect, and several 
■mperfect, human skeletons, but neither Roman vestiges nor 
pottery were disclosed. It is, however, intended to continue 
the exploration, and as the subject is one of momentous interest 



174 EDITORIAL NOTES. 

to Derbyshire archaeologists, it is thought advisable to postpone 
a detailed report of the proceedings until our next year's volume, 
in which Arbor Low and its mysteries will assume a special 
prominence. To this end, Mr. St. George Gray has kindly 
promised to contribute a paper upon his researches, with copies 
of his diagrams and photographs ; Mr. Arnold Bemrose will 
treat of the geological points of interest ; and Mr. Hubbersty 
will deal with the origin and transit of the great limestone slabs. 

The Five Wells Tumulus, Miller's Dale. — Attention is 
directed to an account, in The Reliquary of October last, by 
Mr. John Ward, F.S.A., of the exploration of this interesting 
chambered barrow by Mr. M. Salt, of Buxton, and his sons. 
" They found that the whole mound, where not disturbed, was 
built of thinly-bedded quarried limestones, rudely coursed, and 
that the podium was simply the facing of the general construc- 
tion." The article is replete with interest to the prehistoric 
antiquary, and the discoveries which have resulted are unusually 
comprehensive from a single tumulus. Finally, it is with 
pleasure that we read " I can assure the reader that in our 
various diggings on the venerable site we did not knowingly 
disturb a single stone of the original construction." 

Members will greatly assist the objects of our Society if they 
will kindly forward particulars or newspaper reports of any 
incidents, apparently important or otherwise, which come under 
their notice, relating to the archaeology or natural history of our 
county, to 

W. J. Andrew. 
Cadster, 

Whaley Bridge. 



175 



^nbcs. 



A. 



persons. 

Abell, Christopher, 23 
Adderley, family, 60, 61 
Agard, family, 57, 64, 66, 67 
Alen, family, 58 
Alfwine, Reginald fitz, 70 
Allen, family, 7, 10, 21, 22, 37-39 
Allestrye, family, 58 
Allsebruck, John, 14 
Alhvood, Richard, 13 
Almari, Roger, 135 ; Alice, 135 
Alney, Hannah, 52 
Alsop family, 62 ; Thomas, 58 
Alta Rypa, William de, 100 
Altham, family, 60, 61 
Alvaston, various persons described 
as de-, 93, 95-98, loo-ioi, ei 
seq. 
Amyoth the Jew, 113, 115 
Ancrofte, John, 6 
Andrew, Canon, 166 
Andrew, W. J., F.S.A. 
Buried Treasure, iv. 
Reviews, Derbyshire Fonts, 163 

,, Mickleover Hall, 169 

Editorial Notes, 172 
Apleby, family, 57 
Aquarius, Adam, in 
Arundel, William D'Albini, Earl 

of, 72 
Ashe, John, 9 

Ashenhurst, Ralph, 6, 20, 24, 25 
Ashton, Francis, 16 
Aslactone, Simon de, Sheriff, 105 
Astbury, Robert, 21 
Avery, family, 65 
Ayilwelle, family, 134, et seq. 
Ayncourt, Sir' Roger d', 131; 
Robert, 131 



DMaces ant) Subjects. 

Abney, 66 

Acrelondes, 93 

Adestotes, 119 

Adleharghe, 120 

Aljaaston, 62, 92, et seq. 

Alberchthornes, gS. 

Alderham, 104 

Aldwark, 60 

Alestrye, 62 

Alfreton, 18 

Alnivelee wood, loS 

Alrebrooke, 69, 72 

Alstonefield Church, visited by the 

Society, v., vi. 
Alvaston, 91, ei alibi, mill at, loi. 
Alvetone, 141 
Alwetoneweye, 141 
Alwoldiston, 92, et seq. 
Ambaston, 64, 92, et alibi. 
Anchor Church, visited by the 

Society, vi. 
Andelesbrige, 120 
Appiol Poweye, 58 
Appleby, 57' 
Arbor Low, visited by the Society, 

vi. ; H. A. Hubbersty on, ^^. ; 

Recent excavations and dis- 
coveries at, 173 
Archers Wall, Chapel-en-le-Frith, 

36. 
Architecture, Early Renaissance, in 

Derbyshire, 153. 
Arelondes, 96. 
Ashbourne, 61, 64, 65, 67, 79; The 

Bradbourne Tomb at, 156; The 

Cokavne Tombs at, 156 ; Font 

at, 165. 
Ashdale, 136 
Ashford, ig, 59, 60 
Ashop, Little, 58, 59 



176 



B. 



Babington, family, 61, 63 
Backhouse, family, 62, 63 
Bacon, John, 9; William, 13 
Baddelev, Abraham, 67 ; William, 

67 
Badger, John, 17. 
Bagshavve, W. H. CIreaves, MS. 

of, 40 
Bagshawe, Adam, 40 ; George, 

19) 37 ! John, 38 ; Ottywell, 

21; Richard, 40; Robert, 39; 

Samuel, ^2, 37, 39 ; Thomas, 

19. 36, 37 

Bailey, C'.eorge 

The Recent Discovery of Grave- 
stones at St. Peter's, Derby, 48 ; 
Mickleover Hall, near Derby, 169 

Baldewvn, GeofFrev, 137 

Ball, Balle, Anothe, 86; George, 
16; Richard, 86 

Ballgev, Thomas, 21 

Balokes, Hugh, 91 

Barbor, family, ig, 21 

Barbut, Thomas, 37 

Bardolf, Bardulf, Thomas, 89; Sir 
Thomas, 89 

Barets, Bareth, Simon, 108, 122 

Barghe, William, 22 

Barker, Edward, 17; Peter, 35, 36; 
Ralph, 21; Thomas, 14; Wil- 
liam, 12, 16 

Barley, James, 14 ; family, 59, 63 

Barlowe, William, 7 

Barwe, GeotTrey de, 144 

Barton, John, 10 ; Thomas, 10 

Bate, James, 10; Maigaret, 13; 
William, 79 

Batheley, de, various persons, 123, 
ei seq. 

Batona, Henry de, 73 

Beardsley, family, 53. 

Beaumont, family, 57 

Beke, Geoffrey de, 142 ; Henry de, 
142 



PLACES AND SUBJECTS. 

Ashover, 14, 57, 59, 64 ; Font at, 

167 
Aspland, 84 
Astihegge, 130 
Aston, 6, 41 
Attlowe, 65 
Ayilwelle, 134 
Aylburttesthornes, 93, 96 
Avlwoldestone — Alvast(m 



Bakewell, 23, 58, 59, 64, 66; the 
Vernon Tombs at, 156; Font 
at, 165. 

Ballgreave, 36 

Barlborough, 13, 58, 62, 66, 67 ; 
Hall, 157-159 

Barley, 6, 58, 59 

Barrow-on-Trent, 58 

Barweswey, 141, et scq. 

Basker mill stream, 123 

Baslovi', 22 

Batheker, mill at, 123, 131 

Batheley, Notts, 123-134 

Bealot Edge, Coombs Moss, 36 

Beard, 6, 24 

Beighton, 16, 65 

Belev, Belaie, 62, 64, 66 

Beligrave, 84 

Benecroft Dale, 130 

Bentlev, 65 

Bernardeswelle, 94, 96, 100 

Berneker, 105 

Bigging, 64 

Birch, 58 

Birley, 65 

Blachemilil, le, 100 

Blachthornul, 132 

Black Edge, 36 

Blackfriars, 62 

Blackwell, Blackwali, 13, 60 

Blakegreve, 109 

Blakelowe, 140 

Blakethorne, 120 

Blakewell Church, 58 

Bolnortacre, 131 

Bolsover, n; Castle, 157; details 
of, 15S 

Bolton, 92-95, loo 

Boncesall, 60 

Bontesall, 66 

Borrowash, Burgh, 63, 88-90, 99; 
Mill at, 88 

Botham, 119 

Bowbrige, 65 

Bowden Chapel, ;^2, ct scq; Bow- 
den Edge, 38 



177 



Bellet, Anthon\", 39 
Belnac, William, 71 
Bemrose, Sir Henry, 55, 68 
Benigwit, Avice de, 99 ; William de, 

99 

Bennet, Bennytt, John, 37, 39 ; 
Thomas, 17; William, 20 

Bentley, John, 6, 24, 25 

Bereford, Beresford, family, 58 

Bertie, Richard, 51 

Beveridge, Robert, 17 

Bickerton, family, 62, 63 

Biscop, Cassandra, 136 ; Ingeram, 
136 

Blackwall, Ellis, 21 ; Richard, 21 

Blackwell, Rev. A., 54 

Bland, Richard, 18 

Blount, family, 60 

Bludeworth, family, 59 

Bluebot, Anthony, 37 

Blund, John, 103 

Blundel, Hugh, 122 ; Robert, 122 

Blunte, George, 8 ; family, 61 

Blythe, Agnes, 7 ; Anthony, 15 ; 
Robert, 6 ; William, 10 

Booking, Henry, 21 ; Thomas, 21 

Bodye, family, 64 

Bolar, John, 10 

Bolton, de, 84, 93, 94, 95, 101, et 
seq. 

Booth, Robert, 66 

Boswell, family, 61 

Botham, Henry, 23 

Bottesford, William de, 136 

Bowdon, George, 19, 46 

Bowes, Sir William, 9 

Bowles, C. E. B. 

Ancient Lease of Bradshaw 
Hall, 42 ; Common Rights in the 
High Peak, 32 ; Proceedings in 
Divorce of Godfrev Bradshawe, 

44 

Bowman, Margaret, 6 

Bowtell, family, 64 

Boyhawe, de, Geoffrey, 84, 86, 
104-108; Matilda, 84; William, 
84, 85, 86, 104-10S 

Boylston, family, 62, 63 

Bradborne, family, 65 ; tombs of at 
Ashbourne, 156 

Bradbury, Francis, 22 ; Nicholas, 
20 

Bradley, Ralph, 20 

Bradshaw, Edward, 16 ; Francis, 
23 ; George, 9 ; Godfrey, 19 ; his 
divorce, 44-47 ; Henry, 32, 37, 
42, 43 ; John, 32 ; Margaret, 
nee Howe, her divorce, 44-47 ; 
Richard, 44, 45 ; Thomas, 
Coroner, 80 ; William, 42-47 
]2 



PLACES AND SfBJECTS. 

Boyhaghe, 120 

Boyhayes, 87 

Boylston, 64, 65 

Bradbourne, the. Tombs at Ash- 
bourne, 156 

Bradburne, 65 

Brademere, 92 ; -hokes, 93 

Bradholme, 129 

Bradley, 65 

Bradshaw, 38, et seq. ; Edge, 38 ; 
Hall, ancient lease of, 42, et seq. ; 
family, Divorce Proceeding in the 
1 6th Century, 44, et seq. 

Bradshall, 61 ' 

Bradwaye, 65 

Bradwell, 41, 60 

Braebye, 61 

Brakenes, 93 

Brakenfurlong, loi 

Brakenholme, 126, 127, et seq. 

Brakenhul, 83, 84, 85 ; hanedes, 

85 

Brakenmere, 95, 98 

Brakenthwate, 17 

Brampton, 9, 13, 64 

Breadsall Church, Altar Table at, 
156 

Brawl, A Derbyshire fifteenth cen- 
tury, 78 

Breche, 94 

Brendemere, 125-127, et seq. 

Bretby, 62 

Bretley, 62 

Breydestone, 104, 150 

Breydissale, 144 

Bridge of a Church, 125 

Brinolvestone, 146 

Brodakerres, le, no, in 

Brodeker, le, no, 113, et seq. 

Broughton, 59, 65 

Broxhale-wood, 91 

Bruces, mill at, 92 

Brysincote, 59, 61 

Bulwood, 125 

Bulworthacres, 133 

Burgh — Borrowash. 

Burial in linen, 37 

Buxton, 60 

Bvrchett, 65 

Bvrchylls, 66 



178 



Bradwall, Peter, 19 

Brandon, family, 64 

Brave, Francis, 23 

Braylesford, Breilesford, Breyles- 

ford, Engenulf, 88; Francis, ly ; 

Henry, 88; John, 16; Thomas, 

13 
Bretland, James, 7 ; Martin, 7 
Bretnor, Thomas, 23 
Brey, Richard, 67 
Briggs, family, 58 
Bright, Anthony, 17; Robert, 17 
Broadhurst, Thurston, 19 
Brokesby, family, 62, 63 
Brokesop, Richard, 11 
Browne, Nicholas, 19 ; Robert, 58 ; 

family, 58, 60, 62, 63, 65 
Brun, Hugh, 140 
Buckerton — Bickerton 
Bugge, Ralph, 135 
Bullock, Edward, 15 ; William, 67. 
Bunning, Roger, 131 
Bunting, Godfrey, 14 
Burdone, William, 89 
Burge, Ralph, 107 
Burrowes, family, 64 
Burton, Francis, 23 ; Mary, 49 ; 

Samuel, 49 ; family, 49 
Busbage, George, 52 
Butcher, Richard, 11; Thomas, 11 
Butler, family, 66 
Buttone de, Henry, 1 16 ; Roger, 

116 
Buxton, Edward, 22 
Bylby, Peter, 6 
Bvrds, Mary, 22 
Byron, Richard de, loS 
Bvsoner, family, 61 



PLACES AND SUBJECTS. 



0. 



Cade, Francis, 8 ; Geoflfrey, 136 

Cadman, Ricliard, 6, 80 

Calcroft, Thomas, 79 

Caldwall, family, 62 

Callton, John, 7 ; Richard, 22 ; 

Robert, 14; Thomas, 17 
Caloe, Francis, 15 
Cantrell, Thomas, 21, 54 
Cardoyl, Robert de, loi 
Carre, John, 79 
Carrington, W'. a. 

Subsidy Roll for the Hundred of 

Scarsdale, a.d. 1599, 5 

Deeds enrolled. County of Derby, 

57 
Carrington, John, 37, 39 



Calbrook, 79 

Caburn, Mount, Sussex, 27 

Calke, St. Giles, 68, 69 ; Canons 

of, 68, 70, 71, e/ seq. 
Calnecroft, 130 
Calnetone, 129 
Caloe, 9 
Calton, 66 
Calvecrosse, 123 
Calveton, 125 
Carterewonge, 125 
Castle Grisley, 64 
Castle Nase, Chapel-en-le-Frith, 3G 
Castleton, 27, 41, 44-46 
Cawlow, 59 
Chaddesdon, 61, 6j 



179 



Carter, Richard, 51 ; Thomas, 51 
Castellum, William de, iii, 117 
Castelyn, family, 63, 64 
Cavendish, William, g ; family, 57, 

59, 60, 61 
Chadisdene, Cecilia de, 99 ; 

Ernisius, 99 
Chambreis, Henry, 146 ; Nicholas 

de, 146 
Chapman, Alice, 137 ; Benedict, 

137; Christopher, 10; John, 11; 

Patrick, 22 ; Thomas, 20 
Chauencourt, Erneburge de, 143 ; 

Gundred, 143; Nicholas, 143; 

Robert, 143 
Cheetham, James, 40 
Chellaston, Roger de, loo ; Wil- 
liam, roo 
Chester, Bishop of, 58. 

,, Nicholas, armiger of, 70, 

72 
Chester, Earls of. Richard, 68, 

69 (Oltiwell, his brother, 69) ; 

Ranulf I., 6g; Ranulf II., 70, 

71; Hugh I., 69; Hugh II., 70, 

71 

Countesses. Maud, 68-70 ; 

Clemence, 72 
Chesterfield, Earl of, 41 
Chowne, family, 60, 62 
Clarke, Godfrey, 9 ; Ralph, 7 ; 

Richard, 18 
Cley, Cleye, John, 13; Robert, 15; 

Thomas, 16 
Cleyton, Anthony, 20 ; Christopher, 

44 ; Margaret, 44 ; William, 20 
Clinton, Lord, 58, 64 
Cochenine, Matilda, 136 
Cockeram, family, 60 
Cocks, William, 18 
Cocus, Isabella, 141 ; John, 141 ; 

Peter, 125 ; William, 141 
Codinton, Fulcher de, 122 
Cokaine, Cockayne, Anne, 22 ; Sir 

Aston, 66 
Coke, Francis, 50, 66 
Cokfield, John, Sheriff, 80 
Colledge, family, 64 
Colley, Robert, 9 
Collyer, Robert, r7 
Columbell, Roger, 19 
Cooke, John, 35 ; Richard, 10 ; 

Robert, 13, 15 ; William, 7 
Cooper, Godlad, 148 ; Richard, 

148 ; William, 37, 148 
Cossale, Hugh de, 91 ; Thomas, 

91 



PLACES AND SUBJECTS. 

Chadkirk, Cheshire, 45, 46 
Champeyn Forest, 64 
Chapel-en-le-Frith, 19, 32, et seq. 

45> 58 
Chatsworth, 57, 59, 66 
Chellaston, Cheleston, Chelardis- 

tone, 63, 92-95, 100 ; Constables 

of, 92 ; Campum fontis, 92 ; Red 

Hill at, 93 
Chelmerlden, 59 
Chelmerton, 22, 60 
Cherry Hall, 60 
Chester, fisheries of, 70 
Chesterfield, 7, 58, 61, 64, 66, 67, 

79; Church, pulpit in, 156; 

Foljambe Tombs in Church, 156 
Cheylmardone, 103 
Chilcot, 58 
Cinderhulgrenes, 109 
Cinderhulker, 107 
Cletiholm, le, osieries, 96 
Cleyforlong, 95 
Clinegate, 125 
Clines, le, 95 
Close Rolls, The, for Derbyshire, 

57 

Clown, n 

Coclisdale, 120 

Cokayne Tombs, The, at Ash- 
bourne, 156 

Cokerfen, 94 

Coleaston, 58 

Colemanland, 84 

Colley, 58 

Colton, 60 

Colwiche, 65 

Common Rights in the High Peak, 

Coombs Edge, 38 
Corbar Hill, near Buxton, 36 
Coshou, 131 
Cowdale, 60 

Cowmbshed (Coombs Head?), 36 
Creswell, ir 
Crokedhaler, le, 84 
Crokeswathe, 131 
Cromford, 59, 66 
Crophul, 124 

Cross, Woman's, Chapel-en-le- 
Frith, 36 
Crossesike, 125, 131 
Croxall, 62, 63 
Croxton, 66, 117 
Croxunblondis. 92 
Crumbedesike, 99 
Crumbelondes, 140 
Crumwelle, 127 
Cubley, 63 



Coteler, John, 79 

Coventry and Lichfield, Bishops of. 

Alexander, 99, 104; William, 118 
Cowley, Leonard, 14 ; William, 13 
Cowpe, James, 9 ; Richard, 1 1 ; 

Thomas, 13 
Cowper, Thomas, 13 ; family, 59 
Cox, Rev. J. Charles, ll.d., 

F.S.A. 

Chartulary of Dale Abbey, 82 ; 

Early Renaissance Architecture, 

153; The Pursglove Brass at 

Tideswell, 173 
Crendone — Grandon 
Cresswell, Creswell, Nicholas, 37, 

38; Oliver, 15 
Creswick, Jane, 16 
Criche, Elizabeth, 14 
Crispyn, Ralph, 138 
Croft, Crofte, Crofts, Anne, 12 ; 

Thomas, 9, 14 
Croke, family, 63 
Crumpton, Richard, 16 
CuRREY, Percy H., Hon. Sec. 

Ancient Font of Smalley Church, 

151 ; Hon. Secretary's Report, 

iv. 
Curtes, John, 17 
Curtesse, Robert, 15 
Curzon, Agnes de, la archere, 137 ; 

Mabel, 145; Robert, 137; 

family, 62, 63 



places and subjects. 



D. 



Daine, Roger, 36 

Dakin, Dakyn, Humphrey, 22 ; 

John, 40 ; Richard, 14 ; Robert, 

22 ; Thomas, 20 
Dale, Robert, 22 ; Thurstan, 22 
Dand, John, 20 ; Thomas, 20 
Darcy, family, 58 
Darley, Abbot of, 94 
Dast, Robert, 136 
Dawson, William, 13 
Dave, John, 56 
Deane, Robert, 22 
Degge, Sir Simon, 32 
Derby, various persons described as 

of, 98, 99, et seq., 144, 145, 

ei seq. 

William de Ferrers, Earl of, 71, 

72, et seq., 144 
Dethekes, Deyckes, Deyck, Geoffrey 

de, 94, 113, 114; Robert de, 

114; family, 58 
Devanport, Davenport, John, 45, 46 



Dalbury, 59 

Dale Abbey. " St. Mary de Parco 
Stanley," 82-150; Chartulary of, 
82-150; Charter and Seal of, 
150; Possessions of, 82-150; 
Abbots of, 82-150; numerous 
persons described as " de Stan- 
ley " or " de Parco Stanley," 
i.e., of Dale, 82-150 

Daleacre, 94 

Dalton, 66 

Darley, 19, 35 ; Abbot of, 94 

Dedemangrave, 84, 85 

Dederodis, 85 

Deepdale, 87, 88, 119 

Deer in the High Peak, 40, 41 

Denbie Park, 61 

Denby, 61 

Denbysall, 61 

Denston, 61 



Dewsnop, Thomas, 23 

Deyoile, Alan de, 125 

Dobbe, John, 7 ; Thomas, 13 

Doe, Thomas, 16 

Doffe, William, 11 

Downinge, family, 64 

Drables, family, 65 

Draycot, John, 77 

Duckbert, 61 

Duckmanton, John, 9 ; Robert, 18 

Duffield, William, 56 

Dunbaben, John, Coroner, 78 

Durrant, Francis, 15 

Button, Anne, ii 

Dygby, family, 63 

Dyna, W'illiam de, 91 



PLACES AND SUBJECTS. 

Derbichef, 92 

Derby, 57-67, 79, 80, 144, 145 ; 
Angel, The, 59; Bag Lane, 53; 
Bakehouse {furnus), 83, 145 ; 
Blackfriars, 62 ; Castle Hill, 53 ; 
Cockpit, The, 53 ; East Street, 
S3 ; Friars Preachers, 137 ; 
Fulstrete, 145 ; Hospitals, St. 
Leonard's, 137; St. John's, 114; 
Inquest at in the 15th Century, 
78 ; Market and Fair {mundince), 
83, 139, 141, 142, 147; St. Alk- 
munds', 49, 53 ; St. Helen's, 
116; St. James', Cell of, 138; 
St. Mary's Street, 138; St. 
Peter's, Bells of, 55, 56 ; Grave- 
stones at, 48, et seq. ; St. Wer- 
burgh's, 49, 100, 137, 145 ; Vicar 
of, 100; Stonehouse, The, 58; 
Waldwick, 145 ; Walstrete, 145 

Deregate, 133 

Dingbank, 24 

Dirchet, 58 

Divorce, ancient proceedings in, 

44-47 
Dore, 16, 58, 66 
Dovebridge, 59 
Dovecot, 92 
Doveholes, 35 
Downe Rocks, 100 
Draicote, 90 
Drakelowe, 59, 60 
Draycotte, 60 
Driskowe, 118, 119 
Dristouwe, 120 
Duckmanton, 17 
Dunnesby, 114 
Dunston, 10 
Durrance Low, 35 
Durrante Low, 36 



E. 



Eatelred, William, 71. 

Eaton, Richard, 49 ; Thomas, 49 ; 
William, 49 ; family, 49 

Edeson, George, 14 

Edneshovere, Agnes de, 144; Ful- 
cher, 144 ; Thomas, 144 ; Wil- 
liam, 144 ; family, 144 

Elton, John, 79 

Esseburne, Robert de, 91 

Etewelle, Robert de, 95 

Every, Henry, 56 

Eyley, Hugh, 19 



Earthworks of Mam Tor, 27 

Eaton, 63 

Echengrene, le, Ethenegrene, 106, 

109 
Eckington, 8 
Edale, 28, 45, 46 
Edensor, 66 

Egginton, 53, 63, 100, 141, 142 
Elbaston, Elvaston, 64, 92, 93, 96 
Elmerton, 11, 58 
Elton, 63 
Enedeford, loi 



l82 



INDEX. 



Eyre, Adam, 21 ; Dorothy, 
'Elizabeth, 44, 52 ; Henry, 
Jane, 10; John, 13; Michael, 
Nicholas, 80; Robert, 21, 23, 
53, 78, et seq. ; Rowland, 
Thomas, 23, 24, t,?., et seq., 
William, 44, 53 ; family, 58, 

Eyvile — Devoile 



22 ; 
52; 



53; 
161 



PLACES AND SUBJECTS. 

Enrolled deeds of Derbyshire, 57 

Erblondes, 120 

Erewash, The, 118 

Eslounde-wood, 91 

Estfeld, 93, 96, 100 

Estone, 92, 98 

Estone upon Wyteleys, 92 

Etewalle, 139 

Etewelle, 141 ; Bridge of, r4o 

Etwall, 60, 62, 146 

Ewton, 65 

Eyam, 23; Hall, 161 

Eyton, in Dovedale, 61 



Fanshaw, Henry, 58; Robert, r2; 

family, 61, 65 
Fayles, William, 11 
Feilde, family, 63 
Fenekel, Simon, 136 
Feme, Fearne, George, 20 ; Joseph, 

40 ; William, 40 
Ferrers, Agnes de, 71 ; William, 

71 ; family, 63. See Derby, Earls 
of 
Ferur, John le, 138 
Feykin, family, 112 
Fitz-Alan, Isabella, 76; John, 76; 

Richard, 76 
Fitz-Aldred, Nicholas, no, 138, 

145 ; Henry, iro 
Fitz-Alwyn, William, no, ni 

,, Baldewin, Nigel, 138 

,, Burge, Stephen, 94, 95, 98 

,, Cnute, Hugh, 131 

„ Collinge, Robert, 145 

,, Engenulf, John, 146 

„ Gervase, Ivette, 137 ; William, 

137 
FitzHerbert, the Rev. Regd. 

H. C. 

Tissington Well-dressing, 4 
Fitz-Herbert, Francis, 6, 24, 25, 
64; Sir William, 148; family, 4, 

58 

Fitz-Hernisius, Adam, 144; Gun- 
dreda, 144 ; Margaret, 144 

Fitz-Nieholas, Ralph, 103 ; Robert, 
103 

Fitz-Peter, Andrew, 138 ; Robert, 
TOO ; Walkelin, 144 

Fitz-Phihps, Hugh, 145 
,, Ralph, Adeline, 92, 98 ; Agnes, 
m; Herbert, 87; Hubert, 98 
Hugh, ni ; Idonea, irr 
Matilda, 87; Ralph, m 
Robert, the Bishop, 92 ; family 
87, et seq. 



Fairfield, 32, et seq., 60 

Faulde, 60 

Fayrwellesikes, 93 

Fenney Bentley, 64 

Fernilee, 32, et seq. 

Ferihule, 94 

Fildingate, 126, et seq. 

Findern, 61 

Five Wells Tumulus, The, 174 

Flatgore, 107 

Flaxlondes, 119 

Fleur-de-lys, A Norman ornament, 

164 
Fligore, 119 
Flinty, 120 
Flitgore, 103, 121 

Foljambe Tombs, The, at Chester- 
field, 156 
Fonts, in Derbyshire, 163; at Ash- 
bourne, 165; Bakewell, 165; Mot- 
tram in Longdendale, 152; 
Smalley, 151 ; Tideswell, 166, 
167 ; Winster, r65 ; Youlgreave, 
163, 166 
Fonts, leaden, 167, 168 
Foremark Hall, visited by the 
Society, vii. 



INDEX. 



183 



Fitz-Randulphe, Edward, 18 
,, Walkelin, Robert, 142 
,, William, Muriel, 129; Robert, 

:i9; William, 129 
Fleetwood, family, 60 
Fletcher, Margery, 1 1 ; Richard, 8 
Foljambe, Fullijamb, Hercules, 

14 ; Thomas, 9 ; family, 64 ; 

Tombs of, at Chesterfield, 156 
Forster, family, 57 
Forthe, John, 79 
Foun, Isabel le, r48 
Fowler, Robert, r7 
Fox, Adam, 37; Margaret, 16; 

Mathew, 9; Thomas, ii8 
Fraunceys, Reginald, r3r, ei seq. 
Frayino, Gilbert de^ 88 
Freake, John, 9 ; Richard, 

Thomas, 9 
Freston, family, 59 
Fretchville, Fretchenvile, 

Ancherus, 96 ; Gwillem, 98 ; 

Johanna, 98; Peter, 6 
Fretwell, Ralph, 96, 136 ; Roger, 

9 ; Richard, in 
Frevell, family, 61 
Frithe, Christopher, 13; John, 13 
Froggart, Froggott, John, 22 ; 

Samuel, 54 ; Sarah, 54 
Fumes, Mathew, 21 
Fynes, family, 58, 65 



13; 



de. 



PLACES AND SUBJECTS. 



G. 



Galfred, prepositus, 89 

Garlick, Charles, 23 

Garnet, Edward, 37 

Gasci, Gassi, Sir Amalric de, 100, 

145. 
Gascoign, Peter, 37 
Gee, Thomas, 37, 38, 39 
Gellus, Alexander, 112; Emma, 

112 
Geoffrey, the Chamberlain, 92, 96, 

98 ; his daughter Elianore, 96-98 
Gerrard, family, 61 
Gesling, Charles, 18 ; James, 14 
Gifford, family, 65 
Gilbert, Francis, 22 
Gildegreyne, William, 125 
Gill, Edward, 10 ; George, 10 
Gisburne, Sarah, 53 ; Thomas, 53 
Gladwyn, Robert, 15 ; William, 7 
Glasier, family, 62 
Glassor, family, 60 
Glossop, William, 21 
Godley, Godfrey, 6 



Gainsborough, Lincolnshire, 53 

Gatemotewai, 112 

Geradmere, 125 

Ges, 139 

Gilborrowe, Great, 72 ; Little, 69 

Gildehenedland, 133 

Glapwell, 1 1 

Glassop, 61 ; Glassopdale, 61 

Glerynsoubs, le, 92 

Glossop, 23, 36, 62 

Gloves, rent of a pair of, 116, 142; 

white, 103, 142, 147 ; price of, 

83, 122 
Godfather, bequest of a, 83 
Goldclyff, 59 
Goscehnmes, 124 
Goseholme, 126 
Gosewonges, 124, 125, 127 
Gosolfmere, 132 
Gothav, 96 ; fisheries, 96 
Gotte ad donum, 131 
Grandmount, 136 
Graneberge, 104 



Goodwin, family, 2 

Gos, Alfred, 138 ; Robert, 138 

Gotch, J. A., Renaissance Archi- 
tecture, 153 

Gould, I. Chalkley, on Mam 
Tor, Castleton, 27 

Goulstree, John, 7 

Gowre, Francis, 14 

Granby, family, 64 

Grandcourt, Granncurtes, Grant- 
curt, John, Abbot, 149 ; Nicholas, 
123, 129, et seq. 

Gray, Anchitel, 83 

Grave de Ruthen, Lord, 77 

Greaves, John, 22 ; Thomas, 13 

Green, John, 36 

Gregory, Robert, 22 

Gregson, family, 62 

Grendon, Bertram de, 87 ; Ful- 
cher, 87, 88; Jordan, 87, 88; 
Juliana, 88; Margaret, 87, 88; 
Serlo, 87, et seq. ; Sir William, 
87, et seq. ; family, 87, et seq. 

Grene, de la, Isabella, 135 ; Richard, 

147 
Gresham, family, 6r 
Grey, Henry de, 120; Richard, 

120; William, 119, 120 
Greysley, family, 64, 65 
Griffyn, family, 63 
Gryce, family, 62, 63 
Gurney, Hugh de, 95 



PLACES AND SUBJECTS. 

Grange of Canons at Bathley, 124 

Greanefote, 23 

Greenhill, Grenehul, 10, 65, 118 

Grenegate, 131 

Grenesike, le, no, iii, 112, 120; 

-hened, no 
Greteforlong, 131 
Greyve Croft, The, Bradshavif, 42 
Gryndloo, Grynlowe, 59, 61 
Guberthe-Waterfor, 127 



H. 



Haberjambe, Edvsfard, 13 

Hadfield, John, 23; Robert, 20 

Hage, Robert, 21 

Halok, John, 79 

Halum, Agnes de, 106, et seq. ; 

Hugh, 102, et seq. ; Ralph, 102, 

et seq. 
Hancock, Edmund, 15 ; Henry, 15 
Hand, family, 2 
Haneworthe, Augustin de, 134, et 

seq. ; Isabella, 134 
Hansacre, Robert de, 76 
Hardinge, Nicholas, 4 
Hardwick, Reginald, 9 ; family, 58, 

59, 60 
Haregrene, Geoffrey de, 94, 95 ; 

Robert, 9^, 95 
Harman, family, 58 
Harpur, Richard, 67, 171; family, 

vi. 
Harrington, family, 61 
Harris, Michael, 12 



Haddelegyatis, 122 

Haddeleye, 122 

Haddon Hall, 157 ; fireplace in, 

171 ; various details of, 157 
Haddon, Over, 59 
Hagshaw, 36 
Hallam, West, 66, 85 
Hallesflate, 93 
Hallowmarche, 58 
Halum, 142, et seq. 
Hanbery, 60 
Hanekeresdole, 93 
Haregrene, 90, 141 
Haregreneforlang, 141 
Hardwick Hall, 157; frieze at, 157; 

chimney-pieces at, 157 
Hartington, 64, 66 ; Church and 

Hall, visited by the Society, v., vi. 
Hastihegge, 126 
Hasylbecke, 60 

Hathersage, 23, 58, 64, 67, 81 
Haverholmhirst, 141 



i8S 



PERSONS. 

Harrison, George, 14; Humphrey, 

18 ; James, 19 ; Ralph, 20 ; 

Thomas, 37, 39. 
Harry, John, 16 
Harvey, family, 64, 65 
Haslam, Sir A. Seale, 56 ; Robert, 

12, 14 
Hastings, Lord, 77 
Hatton, Sir Christopher, 154 
Hawkesworth, Adam, 12 
Hayd, Hugh de, 120 
Hayne, family, 67 
Heald, Robert, 20 
Heathcote, George, 9 ; Godfrey, 7 ; 

Thomas, 7 
Heather, family, 58 
Hegginbotham, family, 35 
Hemyngs, Henry, 12 
Henovere, Nicholas de, 113 j 

Thomas, 109 ; Walter, 109 
Hereford, Ralph de, 108, 109 ; 

Thomas, no; William, no, et 

seq. 
Hewardine, William, 76 
Hewett, Hewytt, Henry, 6 ; family, 

59. 62, 63 
Heyward, Haywarde, Henry, 22 ; 

family, 64 
Hickman, Sir Willoughby, 53 
Hill, Edmund, 21 ; Nicholas, 2t, 23, 

40 
Hilton, family, 138, et scq. 
HiPKiNS, THE Rev. F. C, F.S.A. 

on the State of Repton Manor, 

68 
Hitche, Robert, 7 
Hobby, Roger, 17 
Hobson, Thomas, 9 
Hodgekinson, William, 20 
Holborne, family, 58, 64 
HoUingworth, Editli, 21 ; Lawrence, 

36 ; Thomas, 23 
Hollys, Holls, family, 58 
Holme, Holmes, George de, 14 ; 

Hugh, 123, 131; Thomas, 58; 

William, 132 ; family, 59 
Holmes, H. M., 56 
Holte, family, 62 
Hordren, George, 14 
Home, family, 62 
Horseley, family, 61 
Hostiler, Matilda le, 98 ; Roger, 98 ; 

William, 98 
Howard, family, 61 
Howe, George, 21 ; Margaret 

(Bradshawe), 44, et seq. ; Roger, 

45; family, 58, 59 
Hoyboy, Robert, 126 



PLACES AND SUBJECTS. 

Hawnthorpe, 65 

Haylgrenes, 140 

Healy, 36 ; Marsh, 36 

Heath, 9 

Helmedwell, Canons at, 125 

Hemsworth, 64 

Henedinges, le, 94 

Henneacre, 94 

Heppewood, Hepwode, 89, 90 

Heselnyndwell, 126 

Hethcote, Hevthcote, 64 

Hetiflate, 106' 

Heworhtheyes, 118 

Heworthe, 120, 122 

Higliam, 16 

Highlow, 81 ; Hall, 161 ; Gateway, 

i6i 
Highway, The, 123, 133 
Hill, Wingerworth, 16 
Hilltop, Chapel-en-le-Frith, 36 
Hilton, 138-142, 146 
Hob Tors, Chapel-en-le-Frith, 35, 

36 
Hognaston, 65 
Holden-by-House, 154 
Holland, 65 
Hollin, 37 
Hollington, 59, 65 
Holme, Holm, le, 79, 94, 95, loi, 

123, 125, 127, et seq. 
Holmesfield, Howmesfield, 12 
Holte Church, 59 
Hope, 21, 40, 41 
Hopwell, 63 
Horsley, 53 
HuUidoles, 84, 86 
Hundallane, 58 
Hunger Hill, Repton, 72, 136 
Hylsomersall, Hill Somersall, 63 
Hylton, 63, 65 



i86 



Hubball, George, 48, 54 
HuBBERSTY, H. A., on Arbor Low, 

vi. 
Humlock, Henry, 15 
Hunt, family, 61 
Huntingdon, Earls of, 63, 72, 73 
Husselande, Everard, 84 ; Richard, 

84 
Hussy, Edward, 15 



PLACES AND SUBJECTS. 



Ingram, Thomas, 7 
Innocent, Robert, 20 



Inquest, An, in Derbyshire in the 

15th century, 78 
Ireton, 65 



Jackson, Anne, 52; Dr. George, 

51 ; Richard, 8 
James, Christopher, 12; Richard, 

20 
Jekes, family, 64 
Jepson, George, 16 ; William, 23 
Johnson, John, 12 ; Robert, r4 
Jorz, Jors, Matilda de, 104 ; 

GeofiFrey, 117; Richard, 113, 116, 

et seq. 
Juvenis, Thomas, 137 ; William, 137 



Jakebrigge, 85 



K. 



Kare, Ralph, 147 

Kent, Dorothy, 7 ; Margery, 7 ; 

William, 8, 14 
Rasters, William, 12 
Kinder, Dorothy, 9 
Kirk, Kirke, Kyrke Arnold, 19, 

37, 39, 40 ; George, 37, 40 ; 

Henry, 35, 38; Nicholas, 19; 

Thomas, 20, 37, 39 
Kirkby, William, 8 
Kirke, Henry. A Derbyshire 

brawl in the 15th century, 78 
Kirkland, Isabell, 10 
Kitchen, Kitchine, Kytchen, Henry, 

12; John, 17; Ralph, 11; Wil- 
liam, 12 ; family, 61 
Knotte, John, 7 
Knyght, family, 59, 61 



Kerbrigsfe, le, no 

Kerforlong, 125, et seq. 

Kerres, le, no, in, 115 

Kersike, le, no, 112, 115 

Killamarsh, 16 

Kingsterndale, 60 

Kirk-Hallam, Kyrkehalum, 91, loi- 

no, 115, et seq.; Vicar of, 104; 

Quarry at, 106, 107, 116; 

Trench of the Park at, no 
Knapehil, 139, 141, et seq. 
Knowle, near Chapel-en-le-Frith, 36 
Knyveton, 65 
Kyrkebrigge, 129 
Kyrkeforlong, 85 
Kyrkegate, le, 125, et seq. 
Kyrkesike, 127, et seq. 



L. 



Lache, Leyche, Elizabeth, 7 ; 

George, 7 ; family, 66 
Laissington, Richard de, 117 
Landri, Laundri, Matilda, 135 ; 

Thomas, 135 ; Walter, 83 



Lambecotes, 95 
Lambekyn-meadow, 95 
Landameregate, 131 
Langeker, 130 
Langford, 66 



I 



INDEX. 



187 



PERSONS. 

Langford, Henry, 79 ; Ralph, 66 ; 
family, 62, 65 

Langley, Geoffrey de, 73 

I.atheman, Richard, 147 

Latus, family, 63 

Laurance, William, S 

Law, Lawe, family, 61 

Lee, James, 8 

Leece, family, 59 

Leek, Leeke, Leke, Henry, 13; 
Francis, 17; Robert, loi ; Wil- 
liam de, loi ; family, 59, 62 

Lees, John, 22 

Leggesby, Thomas, 1:2; William, 
112 

Leigh, William, 8 ; family, 63 

Lenedale, Levedale, Johanna de, 
106, no. III, 118, et seq. ; 
Walter, 106, no, in, 118, et seq. 

Lethwick, John, 8 

Le.xinton, Henry de, 117 

Linacre, Gilbert, 9 

Lincoln, John de, loi ; Earls of, 
127; Robert, 72, et seq. 

Lingard, Edward, 36 

Litsler, William, 15 

Lokington, John de, 150 

Lomas, Ralph, 36 

Lombard, Annote le, 136; David, 
136 

Longden, Henry, 40 

Longe, John, 7, 67 

Longesden, Stephen, 21 

Lowcock, William, 15 

Lowe, Anne, 54 ; John, 54 

Lumhouse, Nicholas, 37 

LysuT, Robert de, 127 

Lytton, family, 64 



PLACES AND SUBJECTS. 

Lavedy Cross, 120 

Lawesike, le, in 

Lea, 65 

Lee, 62, 64 

Lees, Little, 65 

Leicester, 57, 63 

Leigh, 64 

Leke, 101 

Lenton, Notts., 135, et seq. 

Levegrimbrigge, 126 

Leyrpittes, 131 

Lindike, 131 

Lindis, 84 

Linen shrouds, burial in, 36 

Littlefulford, 125 

Little Hallam, 142, 143 

Little-meadow, 95 

Littleover, 61, 67 

Liversage Charity, The, at Derby, 

S3 
Lockay, loi 
Lockington, Notts., 63 
Longebenelandes, 84 
Longebrakenhul, 84 
Longehafeacre, 130 
Long Girton, 57 
Long Hole, 92 
Longstone, 59 
Longwesthul, 92 
Loscoe, Loskou, Loskowe, 69, 72, 

124, 125, 126 
Lowesike, no 
Luccherche, 98 
Lullington, 64 
Lutecol, 92 
Lydgate, 98 
Lynges, le, 125 
Lyngwelledale, 135 
Lvnlond, 125 
Lvtton, 59, 66 



M. 



Mackeley, Hugh de, 147 
Maden, Robert, 15 
Mamertus, Bishop of Vienne, 3 
Manners, John, 6, 19, 24, 25 ; 

family, 65 
Marc', Peter, 136 
Marchington, Philip, 38 
Marryott, Anne, 18 ; Thomas, 20 
Marsh, family, 65 
Marshall, Edward, 52 ; Elizabeth, 

21 ; Hannah, 52 ; Humphrey, 36 ; 

Mary, 52 ; Oliver, 6 ; Richard, 

21; William, 14; family, 64 
Marson, 63 



Mackeney, 63 

Mackley, 63 

Mackworth, 60, 62, 145 

Malmanyates, 120 

Mam Tor, Castleton, Earthworks of, 

Maperley, 84, 86, 104 

ALiriwelie, 145 

Marketon, 62 ; Park, 64 ; Chapel, 

104, 105 
Marple, Cheshire, 44, 46 
iNLarston, 63 
Matlock, 66 
Maydenescote, 130 



INDEX. 



Master, Edward, 12 
Mathewe, Leonard, 7 
Meade-Waldo, Mrs. Tissington 

Well-dressing, i 
Mellor, Mellar, Mailer, Henry, 6, 

37; Thomas, 37, 38, 39 
Merry, family, 60 
Meynell, Maynel, Gerard, Justice, 

78 ; Robert, 22 
Montealto, Roger de, 76; Robert, 

76 

Mora, Alexander de, 128; Hugh, 
128 

Morewood, Andrew, 22 

Morgan, family, 62 

Morlege, Eleanor de, 140 ; Walter, 
140 

Morley, Humphrey, 18 ; Johanna, 
103; Roger, 116, et seq.; Walter, 
102, 103, 106, et seq. 

Morteyn, Emicina de, 114; Wil- 
liam, 114 

Morton, Morten, John, r5, 37 ; 
Hugh, 130 ; Robert, 39 ; Wil- 
liam, 16 

Mosley, Moseley, Rowland, 13 ; 
Thomas, 39 ; family, 65 

Mosteyn, Adam, 122 

Moult, Thomas, 37 

Mountjoy, family, 60 

Mowre, Arthur, 7; Edward, T7; 
George, 10; James, 12; John, 
12 ; William, 15, 17 

Munday, Mundye, family, 60, 62, 
64 

Musca, Thomas de, 149 

Muskham, Adam de, 123, et seq. ; 
Agnes, 99, 100; Alexander, 124; 
Andrew, 114, et seq.; Gwydo, 
126; Hugh, 99, 113, et seq.; 
Isabella, 123; Margaret, 123; 
Matilda, 126; Robert, 99, 100, 
110, 112, et seq. ; Thomas, 114, 
et seq.; William, 114; Ydonia, 
99, 113, et seq. 

Mustris, Avice de, 145 ; Geoffrey, 

Mylward, family, 61 



PLACES AND SUBJECTS. 

Measame, 62, 63 

Medowplek, 59 

Melburne, 77 

Mellor, 4r 

Melton, 62 

Mere, 83 

Mernines, 93 

Merstone, 140 

Michelmeadow, Head of, 60, r40 

Mickleover Hall, near Derby, 169; 

its details, r7o-i7i 
Middibroke, no, 117 
Middilbochin, 92 
Middilbrigge, 125 
Middildikes, 128 
Mikelmde, 141 
Mildelbarche, 148 
Mills, Corn, on the Trent, 71, et 

seq. 
Milnedale, 130 
Milne-furlong, 141 
Milton, Mylton, 62, 63, 69 
Mireputtes, 85 
Montgomery, 63 
Monyash, 60 
Moreforlonge, 83, 84 
Morheved, le, 128 
Morley, 84; Bridge, 86 
Morton, 13, 65 
Mottram in Longdendale, Font at, 

152 
Mousden, 63 
Move, le, 95, et seq. 
Mulneker, osieries, 96 
Muskham, 123, et seq. 
Myddlecale, 20 



N. 



Needham, Nedeham, George, 20 ; 

Peter, 8 ; family, 62 
Newbold, George, 12; John, 16; 

Richard, 15 ; Robert, 17 ; 

Thomas, 16 
Newton, James, 11; Robert, 16; 

family, 59 



Neolithic celt, discovery of a, 172 
Netherborrowes, 65 
Nethertharwarston, 60, 62 
Newbold, 64 
Neweye, r39 
Newhall, 59 
Newthall, 60 



PERSONS. 

NicoUson, Nichonson, Ralph, 40 ; 

Thomas, 20 
Nobell, William, 12 
Norcross, John, 55 
Northmerkham, Agnes de, 124 ; 

Gilbert, 124; Henry, 124 
Nottingham, John de, 122 



PLACES AND SUBJECTS. 

Newton-solney, 63, 65 

Nochacreslade, 148 

Normanton, 61, 100; South, 10 

Nortdik, 141 

Northbrech, 84 

Northcliff, 125 

Northcristing, 133 

Northdale, 130 

Northmercham, 124 

Northmuskham, 125, ct seq. 

North Lees, 45 

Northwalle, 126 

Northwelle, 125, 127 

Northwellegate, 130, ei seq. 

Norton, 10, 64, 66, 67 ; Little, 10, 

65 

Nottingham, 134-138; bakehouses, 
^3) 136 ; Barkeregate, 134 ; Barre- 
gate Street, 134, 137 ; caves and 
cellars, 83, 134, 135, 136 ; fosse 
or ditch, 134 ; highway, 134 ; 
Jew at, 103 ; St. John's Hospital, 
136 ; Saturday markets and 
booths at, 135, 136 

Nunbrook, 35, 36 



o. 



Octavian, Chamberlain to the Pope, 

132 
Okebrokes, Ralph de, 90 ; Robert, 

90 
Okeland, William, 18 
Ollerenshawe, Ollerinshaw, Edward, 

19 ; Robert, 19, 38 
Oredishe, Robert, 17 
Orme, Ralph, 20 ; William, 79 
Osborne, family, 64 
Owldam, John, 9 
Owtrani, Edward, 10 ; John, 14 ; 

William, 7, 12 



Ockbrook, 87-90, 96 ; Little Heye- 

wood at, 87 
Oddedole, 128 
Odedale, 128 
Offecote, 65 
Ogston, 17 
Okerthorpe, 13 
Okes, 10 
Onnestale, 93 
Orniston, 58 
Osburgesholm, 145 
Osemundeston, 93, 96 ; -mere, 94 
Oslaston, 67 
Osmaston, 62, 63 
Otehul, 93 
Otirsoythul, 148 
Overborrowes, 65 
Overlockoo, 59, 63 
Overtharwarston, 60, 62 
Ownston, 15 
Oxcroft, 18 
Oxendoles, 93 
Oxwelle, 115 



Padley, Humphrey, 23 ; Joan, 80, 
81; Robert, 81, 100; Roger, 100 
Paget, Lord, 61 ; family, 59, 60 
Panntone, Baldwin de, 126, et seq. 



Palterton, 18 
Parham, 51 
Parwich, 65 
Pavnestrorpe, 142 



I go IN 

PERSONS. 
Parer, Robert de, 142 
Parker, John, 10 ; Peter, 6 
Parkinson, Richard, 15 
Parr, Joan, 14 
Parrot, family, 60 
Peace, John, 11; William, 12 
Peers, family, 65 
Pembroke, Earl of, 62 
Percehay, Thomas, 120; William, 

120 
Percival, Beatrice, 54 ; Ernest 

Augustus, 54 
Petyte, Robert le, 131 
Pickerill, family, 62 
Pierson, Piersone, Pyerson, family, 

58, 59, 60, 61, 65 
Pigotes, Peter, 9 
Platts, Catherine, 20 
Pole, Peter, Justice, 78 ; George, 

67 ; German, 67 
Poole, George, 8 
Pope, family, 58 
Popeth, Pupeth, Letice, 143; 

Reginald, 143 
Porte, family, 59 
Pott, John, 19 
Powtree, Henry, 66 
Poynton, Joan de, 86 ; Johanna, 

92; John, 10, 15; Robert, 15; 

Sir William, 86; William, 21 
Prendegeste, Eleanora, 96 ; Robert, 

96 
Pycothe, Peter, 88 
Pydcock, William, 19 
Pykering, family, 58 
Pylkyngton, family, 61, 62 
Pyndar, family, 8 
Pype, family, 58 
Pyrce, Robert de, 147 
Pvru, Robert de, 140 



PLACES AND SUBJECTS. 

Peak, The High, Forest of, 40, 41 ; 

Manor of, 32 ; common rights in, 

32, et seq. \ Subsidy Roll of, 19, 

et seq. 
Pepper, peppercorn, rents, 134, 142, 

148 
Pillesbury, 66 
Pillisley, 117 
Pilsley, 13, 66 
Pinkeston, 66 
Pinxton, 10 
Pitta, le, 95 
Pleaseley, 12 
Plumbtrelege, 109 
Polleford, 98 

Portewaye, le, 83, 120, 122 
Porteweye, south, ultra le, 120 
Portford, le, 100 
Portladike, 140 
Potlak, le, 139 
Potter, 63 
Poynton, 86 
Prehistoric celt, discovery of, 172; 

mammalian remains, discoveries 

of, 172 
Priestcliffe, 65 
Pyegrave Edge, 36 



Q- 



Quenesgrave, 130 



R. 



Radford, Matilda de, 136; Ralph, 
136 

Ratcliflf, William, 23 

Raynes, Robert, 14 

Raynshawe, Francis, 18 

Reason, William, 18 

Redfearne, John, 36 

Renalds, Thomas, 17, 18; Wil- 
liam, 17 

Reve, family, 61 



Reapes, The, near Chapel-en-le- 
Frith, 36 

Redecliffe, 92 

Redegate, le, 133 

Redewonges, 130 

Renyandesyke, loi 

Repton, Repingdon, Ryppindon, 
56, 61, 62, 63, 66; History of 
the Manor of, 68, et seq. ; Bake- 
house at, 73 ; Fishery, 73 ; 
Quarry, 71 ; Little-milne, 6g 



iQi 



Revill, Edward, lo ; George, lo ; 
Rowland, 7 

Reynshawe, Thomas, 7 

Richardson, John, 64 ; Robert, 13 

Ridge, Robert, 20 

Robert the Chamberlain, 96 

Roberts, Richard, 66 

Robson, family, 62 

Rodes, John, 6, 13, 24; family, 64 

Roe, Sir Thomas, 56 

Roger, Rogers, Richard, 12 ; Wil- 
liam, 17 

Rolleslev, Rowlston, family, 58, 59, 

64 ' 

Rolleston, Thomas, 20 ; William, 
10, 16; family, 57 

RoUinson, Gerome, 10 

RoUynson, Thomas, 7 

Ros, Amice de, 112, 116; Nicholas, 
112, 116 

Rotarius, Stephen, 135 

Rotherham, Rotheram, John, 8; 
Leonard, 8 ; Ralph, 15 

Routhe, William, 13 

Rowbotham, Thomas, 14 

Ruffus, Alice, 134; Robert, 134 

Russell, family, 61, 62 

Rye, family, 62 

Ryley, John, 16 

Ryseley, Alice de, 122; Elyas, 122; 
Gilbert, 122; Robert, 122; Wil- 
liam, 122 



PLACES AND SUBJECTS. 

Ridge, Chapel-en-le-Frith, 36 
Riecroft, 139, 141, et seq. 
Riggesdales, 93 
Rihul, 109 
Risley, 83, 120, 122 
Rocettour, 6i 
Rogation days, The, 3 
Rogergate, 125 

Rose, The, as a rent, 128, 133 
Rowarth Moor, discovery of Neo- 
lithic Celt on, 172 
Rowell, 52 
Rowthorne, 1 1 
Rudicheweye, 94 
Ryppindon — Repton. 
Ryssemere, 94 



Sacheverell, Johanna de, 90 ; Patrick, 
90 ; family, 59 

Sackyille, family, 60, 62 

St. Loo, Lowe, family, 62, 64 

Sale, Thomas, 9 

Salicosa-mara, Avice de, 99 ; Sir 
Geoffrey, 86, 87, 91, 92, 93, 100, 
121, et seq. ; Matilda, 87, 91, 92, 
100, et seq. 

Sallowe, Robert, 118 

Salop, Earl of, 61, 62, 64 

Sampson, John, 18 

Sandford, William, 23 ; family, 59 

Sandiacre, Aelina de, 118; Chris- 
tiana, 109; Isabella, 119; John, 
102; Mathew, 109, 119; Peter, 
loi, et seq. ; Richard, 101, 102, 
103, 105, et seq. 

Savage, Henry, 8; John, 45-46; 
Thomas, 44-46 

Savyle, family, 61 

Scales, Robert, 16 

5chardeclive, Emma de, 99 



St. John's Hospital, Nottingham, 
136 

Sallowe, 79 

Salteresty, 93, 96 

Sandfurlong, loi 

Sandiacre, 88, 91, 1 18-122 

Sandiacreweva, 83 

Sawlley, 63 

Saxendale, 132, et seq. 

Saxegalle, 129 

Scanilondes, 141, ei seq. 

Scarcliff, 18 

Scarsdale, Subsidy Roll for the Hun- 
dred of, 5 

Schawebuskes, 130 

Schegwarbrooke, 72 

Schelford, 94, 125, 127 ; Canons of, 
99 ; Prior of, 93 

Schoraspeland, 84 

Schorteker, le, 131, et seq. 

Schortwesthul, 92 

Scotgatehened, 131 

Scropton, 60 



192 



PERSONS. 

Sclater, Christopher, 13 : 



Edward, 



Scorer, Thomas, 17 

Scott, Henry, 11; John, 73 

Selyock, family, 65 

Senvnton, Sir Walter de, 99 

Shailcross, John, 32, 37 ; Leonard, 

20 
Sharpe, Francis, 23 ; family, 59 
Shawe, Jervis, 9 ; Robert, 9, 13 
Sheriff, family, 62 
Shelldon, Hugh, 19 
Shert, George, 16 
Sherwyn, Thomas, 12 
Siglar, Robert, 134 
Skeffington, Earl of Massareene, 53 
Skinner, Skynner, Thomas, 56; 

family, 23 
Slacke, Robert, 20 
Slighe, family, 64 
Small, Henry, 11; Humphrey, 11 
Smith, G. le" Blanc, " Some Derby- 
shire Fonts," 163 
Smyth, Smythe, George, 14 ; Ralph, 

8; Thomas, 11 
Smythehurst, Richard, 13 
Sneyf, Richard, 119 
Somersall, Godfrey, 11; Richard, 

8 ; Roger, 76 
Sonwere, Geoffrey le, 98 
Southwell, William de, 127, et seq. 
Spencer, Thomas, 16 
Spicfates, Henry, 130 ; Mirield, 133, 

et seq. 
Spittlehowse, Henry, 11 
Spondone, Christiana de, 84 ; Gena, 

84; Lucas, 84; William, 84 
Spondon, John, Abbot of, 149 
Stafford, Anthony, 23 ; Elizabeth, 

23 ; Robert, 22 
Staley, Ellis, 45, 46; Stephen, 21 
Stanhope, family, 63 
Staniforth, Godfrey, 9 
Stanley, John, 15 
Stansall, Robert, 15 
Stanton, Adam de, 116, 118; Henry, 
116, et seq.; Robert, 116'; 
Thomas, 116, 118; William, 116, 
et seq.; family, no, et seq. 
Stanvforth, Thomas, 8 
Stapieford, Elias de, 119, et seq.; 
Elizabeth, 120, et seq. ; Geoffrey, 
119; Richard, 119, 120, et seq.; 
Robert, 119, 120, et seq. 
Staynor, Grace, 15 
Staynrode, family, 15 
Steare, Robert, ig 



PLACES AND SUBJECTS. 

Segesbrooke, 69 

Seliston, 142 

Shailcross, 32, et seq., 60 

Shirland, 16 

Shoes, price of a pair of, 83 

Shorthead, Chapel-en-le-Frith, 36 

Shothull Park, 62 

Siffonhul, 105 

Siketam del sal, 103, 107, 108 

Silk Hill, 37, 39 

Skottesgate, le, 125 

Sladehills, 140 

Smalley, ancient font of, 151 ; 
-Forde, 83 ; -weye, 84 

Smethelancrofte, 95 

Smithesforlonge, 139 

Smythesby, 61 

Snellesmere, 93 

Snelleston, 63 

Snytterton, 61 

Somerley, 58 

Somersall, 63; Church, 63; -Her- 
bert, 65 

Sopiacris, 122 

Sopiakerhendes, 122 

Southmuskham, 131, et seq. 

Southwell, 123, et seq. 

Southweteland, 84 

Southwood, 69, ct seq., 84-86 

Spondon, 63, 86, loi ; fisheries, 96 

Spytell, 46 

Stafford, 59, 60, 62, 63 

Staingate, loi 

Standelfcroft, 143 

Standley, 63 

Stanford, 99 

Stanihalf, 124 

Stanley. See Dale. 

Stanton, 61, 62, 103-106, 108-118 

Stanton Wood, 103, 107 

Stanyshe, 64 

Stapenell, 61 

Staunton, 60; -warde, 59 

Staveley, 6, 59, 62 

Stayden, 60 

Stayngaphuldike, 132 

Stede, 60 

Stenesby, 9 

Steynlandhende, 131 

Stinkandesike, 99 

Stodfeldewath, 131 

Stoffecroft, 116 

Stokwellesflats, loi 

Stratum regiam, suhins versus 
Risley, 120 

Stretton, 17, 61, 65 

Stubley, 58 



193 



PERSONS. 
Christopher, 



Ed- 
Mar- 



Stevenson, 

mund, 15; Francis, ig ; 
garet, 9 ; Thomas, 16 

Stewelle, Henry de, 139 

Steynulph, William fit/., 89 

Stokkeley, John, 79 

Stone, Michael, 9 

Strekehalse, Robert, 90 

Strelley, Hugh, 90, 91, 104, 105; 
John, 80 ; Matilda, 104 ; Nicholas, 
10, 90, 91, 105 ; Robert, 91 ; 
Walter, 91 

Stretleya, Robert de, 102 

Strettone, Walter de, 99 

Stubbing, George, 11; Godfrey, 9; 
John, 17 ; Thomas, 35 

Stuflivn, Hercules, 12 

Suffolk, Duke of, 59 

Sutton, Suttone, Leonard, 18; 
Richard de, 126 

Swanne, Swann, Swane, Rowland, 
20, 40 ; William fitz, 72 

Swift, Swyftes, Henry, 100 ; 
Matilda, 142; Peter, 100; Wil- 
liam, 142, 147 ; family, 58 

Swordman, Peter, 79, 80, 8r 

Sykes, Robert, 15 

Sympson, John, 17 ; Richard, 17 

Syttwell, Elizabeth, 6 ; Francis, 8 ; 
Robert, 16 

Syxtenby, Thomas, in, 116, 117; 
William, in, 112, 116, 117 



PLACES AND SUBJECTS. 

Sturson, 65 

Subsidy Roll of Scarsdale and High 

Peak, 5 
Sudburge, 63 
Suthboscus, 85 
Suthtreng, 134 
Sutton, 17, 60 
Suwelle (?), Southwell, 123 

Swarkeston, Swerkestone, 93 ; 

Church, visited by the Society, 

vi. 
Swellesmar, 92 
Swetegrene, 93 
Swyftesclif, 124 
Swynesmere, 93 
Swynestiht, loi 
SyfTonhull, 106, 108, log ; -sike, 

1 10 
Syndefen, Sydenfen, 58, 93, 94, 96 



Taberer, Joseph, 56 

Taillour, John, 79 

Tatteshall, Robert, 76 

Tayler, Thomas, 22 

Temple, family, 59 

Tenery, Henry, io6; family, 57 

Thorneley, Humphrey, 12 

Thornell, George, 19; Robert, 12 

Thornhill, George, 39 ; Robert, 37 

Thorpe, John, Architect, 154 

Toke, Philip de, loi 

Tomson, Richard, 8; Robert, 15; 

William, 18 
Tonke, Tonks, Henry de, 121 ; 

Juliana, 121; Philip, 119, 121 
Treeton, Alice, 8 
Tregan, Thurstan de, 98 ; Eleanor, 

96, 98 
Trickett, Henry, 37; Mark, 21 
Trouvelle, Ralph de, 91 ; Richard, 

91 ; Sibillia, 91 ; William, 91 



Taddington, 65 

Ternagaunt meadow, 95 

Thorbernecroft, 120 

Thormundeslon, 119 

Thorneclif, 83 

Thornhill, 41 

Thorpe, 147 

Thurbecke, 64 

Thurlaslon, 64, 92, 96, 99 

Tibshelf, 18 

Ticknall, Tyckenall, Tycknall, 60- 

.63. 69, 72 
Tideswell, Tiddeswall, Tydswall, 21, 

64, 65, 66; Font at, 166, 167; 

Church Tower, 166 ; Pursglove 

Brass at, 173 
Tissington Well-dressing, i 
Toodehoole, 65 
Topclyffe, 60 
Topunhowe, 122 
Totenley, 66 



13 



194 



Tuke, Touke, Toka, Thok, Henry 

de, 146, 148; Jordan, 146, 147; 

Peter, 147; Philip, loi, 145; 

Robert, 147 
Tunstyde, John, 20, 65 
Tupman, Anthony, 8 
Turner, Turnar, Henry, 6, 8 ; 

John, 8, II ; Robert, 6; Thomas, 

7, 9 ; William, 8 
Tuschet, Simon, 145 
Twigge, William, 23 
Tylli, William de, 92 
Tyllot, Robert, 77 
Tylney, John, 58 
Tytchet, John, 79 



PLACES AND SUBJECTS. 

Totley, 16, 58 

Trente-forlong, 125 

Trentham, Canons of, 147 

Trowell, 91 

Trusley, 50 

Tunges, 99, 131 

Tunstall, 96 

Tupton, 15 

Tutbury, Totebery, 59, 140, 141 

Tyckwell, 59 



u. 



Urton, John, 10 

Ustone, Adam de, 139; Walter, 139 



Ulfrecbuskes, 130 
Ulfredale, iig 
Ulnesich, 130 
Underwood, 65 
Uptoft, 59 



Vaughan, family, 62 

Vaus, family, 62 

Vavasour, Robert le, 90, 109 ; Wil- 
liam, 109 

Veel, family, 60 

Venene, Adam de la, 130 ; William, 
130 

Ver, Gundred de, 143 ; Simon, 143 ; 
Walter, 143 ; Wido, 143 

Vernon family, Tombs of, at Bake- 
well, 156 

Viccars, Robert, 14 

Vilers, Robert de, 134 



Vernon, The, Tombs, at Bakewell, 
156 



w. 



Wagstaffe, Anthony, 14; Ellen, 

16 ; William, 22 
Walker, John, 39 
Ward, John, F.S.A., Excavations at 

the Five Wells Tumulus, 174 
Ward, Warde, Antliony, 39 ; Robert, 

21 ; William, i6 
Warner, family, 61 
Warrington, Edmond, 40 ; Edward, 

37 
Watkinson,, John, 9 
Watts, family, 59 



Wadhou, loi 

Wadhousiche, loi 

Waldley, 63 

Walleronay, 123 

Wallton, Walton, 9, 61 

Walranbrigge, 125 

Wandesley, 143 

Wandley, 63 

Wardlowe, 66 

Warnifen, 144 

Washington, 17 

Waterfalsike, 106, 108, 109, et seq. 

Waterforkes, 120 



195 



Wattson, Watson, JeflErey, i8; 

Robert, 6; Rowland, i6; Wil- 
liam, 22 
Watwood, family, 63, 64 
W^ells, Thomas, 8 
Wendesley, family, 6i, 62, 64 
W'ennesley, family, 59, 60, 61 
Wermundesworthe, Hugh de, 103- 

io6 ; Johanna, 104 ; Matilda, 104 ; 

Nicholas, 103-106; Roger, 104; 

family, 103, ct seq. 
Wesenham, Thomas of, 76 
West, family, 58, 65 
Westby, Francis, 11; George, 11; 

Henry, 14; John, 11 
\Vestone, Richard de, 105 
Westreys, Robert le, 113, 118 
Whalley, family, 62, 63, 65 
Wheatcrofte, Henry, 17 
Wheelwright, John, ig 
Whelldon, Hugh, 7 ; Ralph, 12 
White, Ralph, 19; Rowland, 15; 

Thomas, 20 
Whitworth, Robert, 10 
Wholborne, family, 6i 
Wlgfall, Henry, 8; Urseley, 8 
Wildegos, Robert, 142 
Willcockson, Thomas, 23 
Williams, family, 59 
WilHngton, family, 59 
W'illson, Wilson, Agnes, 13 ; Anne, 

21; Edward, 8; John, 23; 

Thomas, 18 
Wolley, Roger, 79 
Wood, Christopher, 12; Edward,. 

10; Hugh, 10; John, 19; Robert, 

18, 22; William, 14; family, 60 
Woodcock, William, 21 
Woodhead, Edmund, 11 ; Richard, 

12 
Woodhouse, John, 18 ; Thomas, 18 
Woodroofe, Woodrove, Edmund, 

21 ; William, 78, ei seq. 
Woodward, Margaret, 7 ; Maud, 17 ; 

Thomas, 22 
Woollhouse, Robert, 11 
Worstenholme, Robert, 12 
Wortley, family, 65 
W'right, George, 7; John, 15; Wil- 
liam, 19 
Wrin, Robert, 145 
Wyburvile, family, 88 
W^ykes, family, 64 
W^ylne, Alan de, 118; Henry, 90; 

Robert, 90 ; Thomas, 89 
Wylniove, William, 58 
Wyteman, Geoffrey, 84, 85 



PLACES AND SUBJECTS. 

Waterfurhened, 127 
Waterthorpe, 65 
Welleforlong, 141, et seq. 
Welshman, in Derbyshire in the 

15th century, 81 
Wendysley, 62 
Wennesley, 60 
Wersnapes, 120, 121 
Westfeld, 94 
Westhalum, 107 
Westingaphul, 131 
Westker, le, 128 
Weston, W''heston, 58, 65 
West Stanigaphul, 132 
Westunesti, 92 
W'eteflate, 105 
Wetehul, iii 
Weteland, Wetelandis, 85, 86; 

Long, 84 ; -sike, 84 
Wetemedue, Westmedue, 109, no, 

112, et seq. 
Weteskate, 102, 109 
W^eynford, 94 
Wheston, 58, 65, 66 
Whitehills, 37 
Whittington, 10 
Whitwell, Whitewall, 13, 62, 63, 64, 

65 

Wellington, 141 
' W^illington, 59, 60 
i W^ilwebuske, 126 

Wingervyorth, 15 

Wingfield, North, 13, 61; South, 
12, 61 

Winster, 60 ; Font at, 165 

Wirksworth, 62, 63 

Wodegate, 129, 130 

Wodewroe, 129, 130 

Wodhondiche, loi 

Woman's Cross, Chapel-en-le-Frith, 

W oodceyttes, 65 
I Woodhouses, 58, 63 

W'oollaton, Notts., 51 

Wormhill, 20, 40, 41 

W'ulrimhay, 128 
' Wyhtlokeswell, in, 113, ei seq. 

Wyldemarflat, 139, 141 

Wyldersley, 66 
I W'ylebuske, 130, 131, ci seq. 

Wynnefeld, 117 

Wynston, 59 
I Wytebrinkes, 131, ci seq. 

Wyteslade, 139 
I Wytsstone, 136 
I Wyvelesthorpe, 104 



196 



INDEX. 

Y. 



Yellot, Nicholas, 24; Thomas, 21 

Yeoveley, Thomas, 19 

Youle, John, 11 

Young, Henry, 100 ; Thomas, 100 ; 

William, 100, 113 
Yrtone, Stephen de, 100 ; William, 

100 
Ywen, Gilbert, 135 



PLACES AND SUBJECTS. 

Yatthemor, 87 
Yellowgreve, 59, 61 
Yeverley, 60 

Yorkeshale, Mills of, 144 
Youlgreave, 22, 63, 64 ; Font at, 

163, 166 
Yoxall, 144; Mills at, 144 
Yrewys — The Erewash 
Yunridinge, 102 



szmcs^. 



ipoi 



PROCEEDINGS 



DERBYSHIRE ARCH^OLOGICAL 



NATURAL HISTORY SOCIETY. 



FOUNDED 1878. 



LIST OF OFFICERS 



IPrfsibent 



THE DUKE OF RUTLAND, K. G. 



!3it(-}Prestbmts : 



His Grace The 
Duke of Norfolk, K.G., E.M. 
Duke of Devonshire, K.G. 
Duke of Portland. 
Lord Scarsdale. 
Lord Waterpark. 
Lord Belpek. 
Lord Howard of Glossop. 
Lord Burton. 
Lord Hawkesbury, F.S.A. 
Right Rev. Lord Bishop of 

Southwell. 
Hon. W. M. Jervis. 
Hon. Frederick Strutt. 



Archbishop of York. 
i Right Rev. Bishop Abraham. 

Right Rev. The Bishop of 
1 Derby. 

Sir J. G. N. Alleyne, Bart. 
Rev. Sir Rd. FitzHerbert, Bt. 
Sir Geo. Sitwell, Bart., F.S.A. 
I Sir H. H. Bemrose. 
J. G. Crompton, Esq. 
G. F. Meynell, Esq. 
W. H. G. Bagshawe, Esq. 
Col. \V. Sidebottom. 
Col. Cotton-Jodrell. 
Arthur Cox, Esq. 



CoimtH 



George Bailey. 

William Bemrose, F.S.A. 

John Borough. 

C. E. B. Bowles. 

Rev. R. Jowett Burton. 

Rev. J. Chas. Cox, LL.D. F.S.A. 

Rev. F. C. Hipkins, F.S.A. 

Rev. F. Brodhurst. 

W. J. Andrew, F.S.A. 

C. James Cade. 

J. Gallop. 

W. R. Holland. 



Rev. Charles Kerry. 
W. Mallalieu. 
John Ward, F.S.A. 
H. Arnold-Bemrose. 
Geo. Bottomley. 
W. R. Bryden. 
W. A. Carrington. 
Sir a. Seai.e Haslam. 
H. A. Hubbersty. 
C. B. Keene. 
J. R. Naylor. 



ion. miox: 

W. J. Andrew, F.S.A. 



LIST OF OFFICERS. 

Hon. Cnasurev : 

C. E. Newton. 

Jon. Secrctarn : 

p. H. CURREY. 

^oit. financial Stcretarjj : 

W. Mallalieu. 

Hon. I^ubttors : 

C. B. Keene. I Wm. Bemrose, F.S.A. 

Sub-Co mmrttws : 

SOUTHERN DIVISION.— Hon. F.Strutt, A. Cox, G. Bailey, 
C. E. B. Bowles, C. B. Keene, Rev. F. C. Hipkins, Rev. R. J. Burton, 
Rev. R. H. C. FitzHerbert, H. Arnold-Bemrose, J. Borough, 
W. Mallalieu, and P. H. Currey {Hon. Sec). 

NORTHERN DIVISION.— H. A. Hubbersty, Rev. C. C. 
Nation, Rev. W. Fyldes, T. C. Toler, J. L. Leigh, W. J. Andrew, 
R. M. Esplin, R. B. Parker, E. Gunson, and W. R. Bryden {Hon. Sec.) 



REPORT OF THE HON. SECRETARY. 




HE Twenty-third Annual General Meeting of the 
Society was held on March 25th, 1901, in the Guild- 
hall, Derby, by kind permission of the Mayor of 
Derby, Mr. Edgar Home, who presided. The report 
of the past year's proceedings was read by the acting Hon. 
Secretary, Mr. W. Mallalieu, and adopted. The election of 
Colonel Sidebottom, Colonel Cotton-Jodrell, and Messrs. Arthur 
Cox and W. H. Greaves Bagshawe as Vice-Presidents of the 
Society, and of Mr. H. A. Hubbersty as a member of the 
Council, were confirmed by the meeting. The Hon. Treasurer, 
the Hon. Secretary of Finance, and the Hon. Auditor were 
re-elected, as also were all the members of the Council retiring 
under Rule V., viz., the Revs. Kerry, Arkwright, and Brodhurst, 
and Messrs. Cade, Gallop, Holland, Mallalieu, and Ward. A 
hearty vote of thanks was passed to the late Hon. Secretar)-, 
Mr. Arthur Cox, for his valuable services to the Society during 
the past twenty-two years, and the election of Mr. Percy H. 
Currey as Hon. Secretary was confirmed. Mr. W. J. Andrew 
was appointed a member of the Council in place of the late 
Dr. G. H. Milnes. The following new members were elected : 
Mrs. Meade-Waldo, Dr. Wrench, and the Rev. E. M. Evans. 

An interesting paper was then read by Mr. W. J. Andrew on 
" Buried treasure : some traditions, records, and facts,'' and an 



HON. secretary's REPORT. V 

address was given by Mr. H. Arthur Doubleday on the forth- 
coming history of Derbyshire in the "Victoria Histories of 
the Counties of England." The Chairman expressed his willing- 
ness to become a life member of the Society, and was elected. 
The usual number of meetings of the Council have been 
held, at which several matters of interest have been under 
consideration. A partial excavation of Arbor Low has been 
made under the auspices of the British Associadon, but your 
Council regret that they received no intimation of the matter 
from the persons concerned, nor did they hear of it until the 
work was practically completed. A description of the results 
of this excavadon has, however, been promised for publication 
in the Society's Journal. Attention was called in the local 
papers to the condition in which the ground was left after the 
excavadon, but your Council has made enquiries, and has 
received an assurance that the turf, etc., will be restored to its 
original condition as soon as the ground has settled sufficiently 
to enable this to be done. Your Council have also had under 
consideration the condition of the remains of the ancient village 
cross at Pleasley, and funds are now being raiscfl, locall)', to put 
it into proper repair. 

The Society's headquarters at No. 3, Market Place, Derby, 
have now been furnished, and the books arranged. A catalogue 
will be found at the end of this Journal. The valuable 
collecdon of the Transactions of other Societies, affiliated with 
our own, are thus, for the first time, accessible to our members, 
who, it is hoped, will make full use of them. 

An excursion was made on June 29th to Arbor Low, Harting- 
ton, and Alstonefield, in which members of both the Northern 
and Southern sections took part. The parties travelled by rail 



VI PROCEEDINGS. 

to Parsley Hay station, and met at Arbor Low. Mr. H. A. 
Hubbersty kindly, at a very short notice, gave an interesting 
address on the present condition and probable origin of this 
ancient work, favouring the idea of its sepulchral origin. The 
party drove by Long Dale to Hartington Old Hall, where lunch 
was provided, after which the Church was visited and described 
by the Vicar, the Rev. W. Fyldes, who pointed out its unusual 
plan and many interesting details. The drive was continued 
to Alstonefield Church, through which the party was conducted 
by the Vicar, the Rev. W. H. Purchas. The remains of Saxon 
crosses and the elaborately-carved seventeenth century wood- 
work attracted much attention, and the church, in its history, 
design, and detail, proved to be one of exceptional interest. 
The members were hospitably entertained to tea in the beautiful 
garden of the Vicarage, and then returned to Parsley Hay in 
time for the 6.7 p.m. trains to the North and South. 

A second excursion was made on September 28th. About 
twenty members and friends travelled by the 2.25 p.m. train 
from Derby to Chellaston, and drove on to Swarkeston Church, 
through which they were conducted by the Rector, the Rev. 
C. H. Carlisle. The church has been almost entirely rebuilt, 
but contains an interesting series of monuments to the Harpur 
family. The drive was continued through Ingleby to Fore- 
mark, Anchor " Church " being visited on the way. The Rev. 
T. Orrell explained the features of interest at Foremark Church, 
and kindly produced the communion plate, etc., for the inspec- 
tion of the visitors. The church proved of unusual interest, 
being a perfect specimen of the work of the Restoration period, 
and practically unaltered since it left the hands of the builders 
in 1662. By the kind invitation of Mrs. Lawson, the party 



HON. SECRETARY S REPORT. VII 

were entertained to tea at Foremark Hall, and greatly appre- 
ciated the hospitality and the opportunity of seeing this fine 
eighteenth centurj- mansion. Continuing the drive to Willington 
Station, they returned by the 6.10 p.m. train to Derby. 

Your Council has received with great regret the resignation, 
under his doctor's advice, of the Editor of the Journal, the 
Rev. F. C. Hipkins. The thanks of the members are due to 
him for the work that he has done, and all will hope that his 
health will allow him to continue that deep interest in the 
Society that he has always manifested. Mr. W. J. Andrew. 
F.S.A., who, a year ago, was appointed co-editor with Mr. 
Hipkins, has kindly promised to undertake the duties of Hon. 
Editor. The Council trust that all members who have the will 
and the ability to supply information of interest in the depart- 
ments of archaeology or natural history will not hesitate to 
communicate with him. By the death of Sir Henrj' Wilmot the 
Society will regret the loss of an original member, who was also 
one of its Trustees. Mr. H. Arnold-Bemrose has been appointed 
Trustee in his place. 

The Rev. R. H. C. FitzHerbert has expressed a wish to resign 
his seat on the Council, and Mr. W. R. Bryden has been 
nominated by the Council to fill the vacancy. 

PERCY H. CURREY, 

Hon. Secretary. 
Market Flace, 

Derby. 



BALANCE SHEET. 



Dr. 

1901. 

Dec. 31. 



1901. 
Jan. I. 
Dec. 31. 



2)crb^0birc Hrcba^olOGical an^ 

STATEMENT OF ACCOUNTS 

REVENUE 

£ s. d. 



To Printing Journal 

,, Editing Journal — paid to former Editor 

,, Printing and Stationery .. 

,, Hon. Secretaries' Postage and Petty Cash 

,, Annual Subscription to Congress of ArchcCological 
Societies ... 

,, Expenses of Northern Section — Printing, &c. 

,, Expenses of Excursion to Arbor Low and 
Hartington 

,, Balance in hand on Revenue Account, 1901 



47 13 9 

20 o o 

699 

6 6 I 



3 2 
13 15 



To Balance, brought forward ... 
,, Less Balance Revenue Account 



£\oa, 7 2 

NET REVENUE 

£ s. d. 

144 o o 

13 15 7 



^130 4 S 



1901. Liabilities. 

Dec. 31. Capital Account as per last Balance Sheet 

Add Entrance Fees received in 1901 (4) 

,, Life Compositions ,, ,, (2) 

Less Deficiency Revenue Account 



BALANCE 

£ s. d. 



371 IS o 



SHEET, 

£ s. d. 



3S3 
130 



.^253 o 7 



Examined and found correct, 

C. B. KEENE, Hon. Auditor. 
April 2nd, 1 902. 



BALANCE SHEET. 

flatural Ibistor^ Socicti^» 

TO DECEMBER 31st, 1901. 

ACCOUNT. 
1901. 

Dec. 31. By Subscriptions 

,, Sale of Journals and Bound Copies 
,, Interest on Investments 





Cr. 


L 


s. d. 


91 


II 


5 


14 3 


7 


I II 



^104 


7 2 


£ 


s. d. 


130 


4 5 


^^130 


4 5 



ACCOUNT. 
1901. 

Dec. 31. By Balance carried forward 



DECEMBER 31ST, 1901. 

1901. Assets. £ s. d. £ s. d. 

Dec. 31. Investments, viz. : — 

Derby Corporation Stock, 4 °/o •■■ 120 o o 

Derby Corporation Stock, 3 % ... 100 o o 

220 o o 

Furniture in Society's Room (purchased 1901) 1223 

Crompton & Evans' Union Bank, viz. : 

In hand on Capital Account ... 151 2 9 

Overdrawn on Revenue Account ... 130 4 5 

20 18 4 



^253 o 7 



W. MALLALIEU, 

Hon. Finance Secretary, 
29th March, 1902. 



RULES. 



I. — Name. 
The Society shall be called the " Derbyshire Archaeological 
AND Natural History Society." 

II. — Object. 
The Society is instituted to examine, preserve, and illustrate 
the Archaeology and Natural History of the County of Derby. 

III. — Operation. 
The means which the Society shall employ for effecting its 
objects are : — 

I. — Meetings for the purpose of Reading Papers, the 
Exhibition of Antiquities, etc., and the discussion of 
subjects connected therewith. 
2. — General Meetings each year at given places rendered 
interesting by their antiquities or by their natural 
development. 
3. — The publication of original papers and ancient 
documents, etc. 

IV. — Officers. 
The Officers of the Society shall consist of a President and Vice- 
Presidents, whose elections shall be for life ; and an Honorary 
Treasurer and Honorary Secretary, who shall be elected annually. 

V. — Council. 

The General Management of the affairs and property of the 
Society shall be vested in a Council, consisting of the President, 
Vice-Presidents, Honorary Treasurer, Honorary Secretary, and 
twenty-four Members, elected from the general body of Sub- 
scribers ; eight of such twenty-four Members to retire annually 
in rotation, but to be eligible for re-election. All vacancies 
occurring during the year to be provisionally filled up by the 
Council. 

VI. — Admission of Members. 

The election of Members, who must be proposed and seconded 
in writing by two Members of the Society, shall take place at 
any meeting of the Council, or at any General Meetings of the 
Society. 



VII. — Subscriptions. 
Each Member on election after March 31st, 1878, shall pay an 
Entrance Fee of Five Shillings, and an Annual Subscription of 
Ten Shillings and Sixpence. All subscriptions to become due, in 
advance, on the ist January each year, and to be paid to the 
Treasurer. A composition of Five Guineas to constitute Life 
Membership. The composition of Life Members and the 
Admission Fee of Ordinary Members to be funded, and the 
interest arising from them to be applied to the general objects of 
the Society. Ladies to be eligible as Members on the same 
terms. No one shall be entitled to his privileges as a Member 
of the Society whose subscription is six months in arrear. 

VIII. — Honorary Members. 

The Council shall have the power of electing distinguished 
Antiquaries as Honorary Members. Honorary Members shall 
not be resident in the County, and shall not exceed twelve in 
number. Their privileges shall be the same as those of Ordinary 
Members. 

IX. — Meetings of Council. 

The Council shall meet not less than six times in each year, 
at such place or places as may be determined upon. Special 
meetings may also be held at the request of the President, or 
Five Members of the Society. Five members of Council to 
form a quorum. 

X. — Sub-Committees. 

The Council shall have the power of appointing from time to 
time such sectional or Sub-Committees as may seem desirable 
for the carrying out of special objects. Such Sectional or Sub- 
Committees to report the proceedings to the Council for 
confirmation. 

XL — General Meetings. 

The Annual Meeting of the Society shall be held in January 
each year, when the Accounts, properly audited, and a Report 
shall be presented, the Officers elected, and vacancies in the 
Council filled for the ensuing year. The Council may at any 
time call a General Meeting, specifying the object for which 
that Meeting is to be held. A clear seven days' notice of all 
General Meetings to be sent to each Member. 

XII. — Alteration of Rules. 
No alteration in the Rules of the Society shall be made except 
by a majority of two-thirds of the Members present at an 
Annual or other General Meeting of the Society. Full notice of 
any intended alteration to be sent to each Member at least 
seven days before the date of such Meeting. 



LIST OF MEMBERS. 



The Members whose names are preceded by an asterisk (*) are Life Members. 



Cox, Rev. J. Charles, LL.D., F.S.A., Clyde Lodge, 

De Frene Road, Sydenham, S.E. 
Hope, W. H. St. John, Burlington House, Piccadilly, 

London. 
Kerry, Rev. Charles, West Hallam, Derby. 
Wrottesley, General The Hon. George, 75, Cadogan 

Gardens, London, S.W. 



-Honorary Members. 



*Abney, Sir W. de W., K.C.B., F.R.S., Measham Hall, Ashby-de-la-Zouch. 

*Abraham, The Right Rev. Bishop, Bakewell. 

Adshead, G. H., Fern Villas, Bolton Road, Pendleton. 

Alleyne, Sir John G. N., Bart., Chevin House, Belper. 

AUsopp, The Hon. A. Percy, Battenhall Mount, Worcester. 

Andrew, W. J., F.S.A., Cadster, near Whaley Bridge. 

*Arkwright, F. C, Willersley, Cromford, Matlock. 

Arkwright, Miss Florence, The Hall, Wirksworth. 

*Arkwright, Rev. W. Harry, Nether House, Wirksworth. 

Auden, Rev. W., Church Broughton, Derby. 

Bagshawe, Benjamin, 63, Norfolk Street, Sheffield. 

Bagshawe, W. H. Greaves, Ford Hall, Chapel-en-le-Frith. 

Bailey, George, Elmfield, Otter Street, Derby. 

Bailey, Mrs., Temple House, Derby. 

Barker, J. E., K.C., Brooklands, Bakewell. 

Bateman, F. O. F. , Melbourne, Derby. 

Bateman, Miss, Rowditch Lodge, Derby. 

Beamish, Lt. -Colonel A. A. W., R.E., F.S.A., Home Office, Whitehall, 

London. 
Beard, Nevill, The Mount, Ashbourne. 
Belper, The Right Hon. Lord, Kingston Hall, Derby. 
Bemrose, H. Arnold, F.G.S., Friargate, Derby. 
*Bemrose, Sir H. H., Uttoxeter New Road, Derby. 
Bemrose, William, F.S.A., Elmhurst, Lonsdale Hill, Derby. 
Bendle, S. B., Reservoir House, Disley, Cheshire. 
Bennett, George, Irongate, Derby. 
Benthall, Dr., Cedars, Breadsall, Derby. 
Benthall, Mrs., Cedars, Breadsall, Derby. 
Blackwall, J. B. E. , Biggin, Wirksworth. 
Bogonschevsky, Baron Nicholas Cassimir de, Pskov, Russia. 
Borough, John, The Cedars, Belper. 
Bottomley, G. , 140, Uttoxeter Road, Derby. 
Bowen, C., Ollerenshaw Hall, Whaley Bridge. 
Bowen, H., Ollerenshaw Hall, Whaley Bridge. 
Bowles, Chas. E. B., The Leas, Wirksworth. 



LIST OF MEMBERS. Xlll 

Bradbury, Wm. Laurence, lo, Bouverie Street, Fleet Street, London, E.G. 

Brigden, Geo., Irongate, Derby. 

Brodhurst, Rev. F., Heath Vicarage, Chesterfield. 

Brushfield, T. N., M.D., F.S.A., The Cliflf, Budleigh-Salterton, Devon. 

Bryan, Benj., i8, Grandison Road, Clapham Common, London, S.W. 

Bryden, W. R., Lakenham, Burlington Road, Buxton. 

Buchanan, Alexander, 8, Wilson Street, Derby. 

Bunting, \V. Braylesford, Chapel-en-le-Frith. 

Burton, The Right lion. Lord, Rangemore, Burton-on-Trent. 

Burton, Rev. R. Jowett, Stanton-by-Dale, Nottingham. 

*Cade, Chas. J., The Homestead, Spondon, Derby. 

"Cammell, G. H., Brooktield Manor, Hathersage, Sheffield. 

Carr, Rev. Canon, Holbrooke Hall, Derby. 

Carrington, Arthur, 51, Torrington Square, London. 

Carrington, W. Alex., Wye Cottage, Bakewell. 

Carulla, F. J. R., F.C.S., 84, \rgyle Terrace, Rosehill, Derby. 

Chambers, R. B. , Green Hill, Derby. 

Chetham Lijjrary, Manchester — W. T. Browne. 

Clark, G. D'Arcy, Burnaston, Derby. 

Clarke, C, The Grove, Bramcote, Notts. 

Clarke, W. H., Park Green, Macclesfield. 

Cockburn, C. S., Sutton Rock, Chesterfield. 

*Cokayne, G. E., M.A., F.S.A., Clarenceux King of Arms, College of 

Arms, London. 
*Coke, Colonel Talbot, Debdale, Mansfield. 
Coleman, Rev. W. L. , Nether Handley, Chesterfield. 
Constable, W. G., 11, Vicarage Avenue, Derby. 
Cooke, Charles, Spondon, Derby. 
Cooper, Thos. , Mossley House, Congleton, Cheshire. 
Copestake, Mrs., Kirk Langley, Derby. 
Corfield, F. C, Ormonde Fields, Codnor, Derby. 
Cotton-Jodrell, Col. J., Shallcross Manor, Whaley Bridge. 
*Cox, Arthur, Mill Hill, Derby. 
Cox, F. Walker, Priory Flatte, Breadsall, Derby. 
Crompton, J. G., The Lilies, Derby. 
*Cross, Robert, Bakewell. 
Currey, B. S., Eaton Hill, Derby. 
Currey, Percy H., Market Place, Derby. 
Currey, Rev. R. H. S., Eaton Hill, Derby, 
Curzon, William, Lockington Hall, Derby. 

Darby, Stephen, Cookham Dean, Berks. 

Davis, A. v., The Beeches, Spondon. 

Derby, The Right Rev. The Bishop of, Ashbourne Road, Derby. 

Derby Public Library — W. Crowther. 

Devonshire, His Grace The Duke of, K.G., Chatsworth. 

Eddowes, C. K., Strand, Derby. 

Esplin, Miss, Farringford, Buxton. 

Esplin, R. M., Farringford, Buxton. 

Evans, Rev. E. M., The Vicarage, Ilkeston. 

Evans, Henry, Highfields, Derby. 

* Evans, John, 20, Bolton Street, Piccadilly, London. 

Evans, Walter, Darley Abbey, Derby. 

*Eyre, Lewis, Padley, Edge Hill, Wimbledon, Surrey. 

14 



XIV PROCEEDINGS. 

*Fane, William Dashwood, F.S.A., Fulbeck, Lincolnshire. 
Farmer, Rev. R. L. , Shardlow Rectory, Derby. 

*Fitz-Herbert, Rev. Regd. H. C, Somersal Herbert Rectory, Derby. 
*Fitz-Herbert, Rev. Sir Richard, Bart., Tissington, Ashbourne. 
Freer, The Venerable Archdeacon, Sudbury Rectory, Derby. 
Furness, Geo., The Grange, Willesden Grange, London, N.W. 
Fyldes, Rev. W., Hartington Vicarage, Buxton. 

Galbraith, A., Catterich, Manchester Road, Bu.xton. 

Gallop, Joseph, Normanton Road, Derby. 

*Garrett-Pegge, J. W., Chesham House, Chesham Bois, Bucks. 

Garstang, J., Bank House, Blackburn. 

*Gisborne, L., Allestree Hall, Derby. 

Glossop and District Archaeological Society, 24, Norfolk Street. 

Glover, E. M., Pear Tree House, Ockbrook. 

Goodey, W. H., 40, Ashbourne Road, Derby. 

Goodman, G. D., Compton Road, Buxton. 

*Goodwin, F. S., Bridge House, Bakewell. 

Goodwin, R., 52, Hartington Street, Derby. 

Gould, I. Chalkley, Trap Hill House, Loughton, Essex. 

Greensmith, L. J., 10, Wilson Street, Derby. 

Gregory, Thos., Eyam, Sheffield. 

Gretton, John, ]\LP., Sudbury, Derby. 

Gunson, E., Parsonage Road, Withington, Manchester. 

Haigh^ H. Mc.M., Market Place, Derby. 

Hall, Colonel E., Horwich House, Whaley Bridge. 

Hamnett, Robert, 24, Norfolk Street, Glossop. 

Harlow, B. S., Ardgowan, Spencer Road, Buxton. 

*Harpur-Crewe, Hugo, Stanleys, Lymington, Hampshire. 

Harpur-Crewe, Lady, c/o H. Harpur-Crewe, Stanleys, Lymington, Hampshire. 

Harwood, James, Tenant Street, Derby, 

Haslam, Sir A. Scale, Breadsall Priory, Derby. 

*Haslam, A. V., Breadsall Priory, Derby. 

Hawkesburv, The Right Hon. Lord, F.S.A., Kirkham Abbey, York. 

Heathcote,'C., Wychwood, St. John's Road, Buxton. 

Heathcote, W., Bankwood, Dufifield, Derby. 

Hicks, G., Melrose, The Park, Buxton. 

Hipkins, Rev. F. C, F.S.A., Repton, Burton-on-Trent. 

Holland, W. R., Ashbourne. 

Holmes, G. E., London Road, Derby. 

Holmes, H. M., London Road, Derby. 

*Horne, E., Market Place, Derby. 

♦Hovenden, R., Heathcote, Park Hill Road, Croydon. 

Howard of Glossop, The Right Hon. Lord, Glossop Hall. 

Howell, Rev. J., All Saints' Vicarage, Derby. 

Hubbersty, H. A., Burbage, Buxton. 

Hughes, A., The Hall, Whaley Bridge. 

Huish, Darwin, Kirk Hallam, Derby. 

* Hunter, John, Quarry Bank, Belper. 

*Hurt, Albert F., Alderwasley, Derbyshire. 

Hurt, Miss, 46, Clifton Gardens, Maida Hill, London, W. 

Hurt, Miss Grace S. F., Chase Cliffe, Whatstandwell, Derbyshire. 

*Jervis, The Hon. W. M., Quarndon, Derby. 
*Jeudwine, W. W., Walton Lodge, Chesterfield. 
*Jobson, Godfrey, Redlands, Sidmouth. 



LIST OF MEMBERS. X' 

Johnson, E. S., Littleover Hill, Derby. 

Johnson, Mrs. Thewlis, Oakhurst, Derby. 

Jourdain, Rev. Francis C. R., Clifton Vicarage, Ashbourne. 

Joyce, The Hon. Sir M. J., l6, Great Cumberland Place, London, W. 

Keene, C. B. , Irongate, Derby. 
Kirke, H., Wadham College, Oxford. 

Lawson, J. H., The Square, Buxton. 

Leigh, L L., Lindhurst, The Park, Buxton. 

Lichfield, The Dean and Chapter of — Chas. Gresley, The Close, Lichfield. 

Little, G. W., Park House, Whaley Bridge. 

Livesay, \Vm., Sudbury, Derby. 

Loinas, Geo. H., Diglatch, Chapel-en-le-Frith. 

*Longden, J. A., Stanton- by-Dale, Nottingham. 

Lowe, J. Landor, Strathavon, Kedleston Road, Derby. 

Luscombe, Rev. J. S., 9, King Street, Rock Ferry. 

*Mallalieu, \V., Swallows' Rest, Ockbrook, Derby. 

Manchester Public Free Library — The Chief Librarian, Manchester. 

Manton, J. O., Wharfedale Villa, Swinburne Street, Derby. 

Marples, G. J., Thornbridge Hall, Bakewell. 

Marsden, Geo., Wirks worth. 

McDonald, J. Allen, The Hollies, Borrowash, Derby. 

Mclnnes, E., Littleover, Derby. 

Meade-Walilo, Mrs., The Gables, Wirksworth. 

Meakin, Miss, Spondon, Derby. 

Meakin, Miss 1\L A., Spondon, Derby. 

Meggison, A., Terrace Road, Buxton. 

Meynell, Godfrey F., Meynell Langley, Derby. 

Midwood, S., Burbage House, Buxton. 

Milligan, Colonel, Cauldwell Hall, Burton-on-Trent. 

Milnes, E. S., County Club, Derby. 

Milnes, Rev. Herbert, Darley House, Berkeley Street, Cheltenham. 

Molineux, Rev. C. H., Staveley Rectory, Chesterfield, 

Moorhouse, F., 51, Central Road, West Didsbury, Manchester. 

Mundy, Edward Miller, Shipley Hall, Derby. 

Murray, Frank, London Road, Derby. 

Nation, Rev. C. C, M.A., The Vicarage, Buxton. 

Naylor, J. R., Dufheld, Derby. 

Newton, C. E., The Manor House, Mickleover, Derby. 

Nicholson, J. W., Westbourne, Buxton. 

Norfolk, His Grace the Duke of, K.G., Earl Marshal, Arundel Castle. 

Nottingham Public Librarj', Sherwood Street, Nottingham. 

Oakes, C. H., Holly Hurst, Riddings, Alfreton. 
*Oakes, James, Holly Hurst, Riddings, Alfreton. 
Oakes, T. H., Riddings House, Alfreton. 

Parker, R. B., The Park, Buxton. 

Peck, Dr., St. Helen's, Chesterfield. 

Peters, C. A., Messrs. Peters, Bartsch & Co., Derby. 

Piatt, Joseph, Sudbury, Derby. 

•Portland, His Grace the Duke of, Welbeck, Notts. 

Preston, R. B., Wrencote, Disley. 



xvi PROCEEDINGS. 

Richardson, Mrs. W. H., 177, Burton Road, West Didsbury, Manchester. 

Robinson, Mrs. F. J., Derwent Lea, Limpsfield, Surrey. 

Rowley, F., Rock Cottage, Whaley Bridge. 

* Rutland, His Grace the Duke of, K.G., Belvoir Castle. 

Sale, G. Hanson, Holme Cottage, Burton Road, Derby. 

Sale, W. H., The Uplands, Burton Road, Derby. 

Saxby, E., Abendune, Furness Vale. 

Scarsdale, The Right Hon. Lord, Kedleston, Derby. 

Seely, Charles, Sherwood Lodge, Nottingham. 

Shaw, John, Normanton House, Derby. 

Sheffield Free Library — Samuel Smith, Surrey Street, Sheffield. 

Sheldon, J. P., The Brund, Sheen, Ashbourne. 

Shore-Nightingale, Mrs., Lea Hurst, Cromford, Matlock. 

Sidebottom, Col. W., Harewood Lodge, Mottram, Cheshire. 

Simmonds, T. C, Technical College, Derby. 

Simpson, John, Hopton Wood Stone Co., Wirksworth. 

Sitwell, Sir George R., Bart., F.S.A., Belvoir House, Scarborough. 

Slater, Wm., Vernon Street, ; Derby. 

Slater, Mrs. W., Vernon Street, Derby. 

*Sleigh, Myles A., Eversley, Matlock. 

Smedley, J. B. Marsden, Lea Green, Matlock. 

Smedley, Mrs. J., Lea Green, Matlock. 

Smilter, C, Crescent Hotel, Buxton. 

Smith, A. W., Sadley, Manchester Road, Buxton. 

Smith, F. N., Wingfield Park, Alfreton. 

*Southwell, The Right Rev. The Bishop of, Thurgarton Priory, Notts. 

Spafford, H., GlenarifT, Whaley Bridge. 

Spilsbury, Rev. B. W. , Findern, Derby. 

Statham, W., The Redings, Totteridge, Herts. 

Stephenson, M., F.S.A., 14, Ritherdon Road, Upper Tooting, London, S.W. 

*Strutt, The Hon. Frederick, Milford House, Derby. 

Strutt, Herbert G., Makeney, Derby. 

Syms, T. , Clarence Street, Manchester. 

Tallent-Bateman, C. T., Cromwell Road, Stretford, Manchester. 

Taylor, A. G., St. Mary's Gate, Derby. 

Taylor, Rev. Canon Thomas, St. Just-in-Penwith, R.S.O., Cornwall. 

*Taylor, Colonel H. Brooke, Bakewell. 

*Thornewill, Robert, Craythorne, Burton-on-Trent. 

Toler, T. C, Hockley, Whaley Bridge. 

Truenian, Edwin, 147, Bath Street, Ilkeston. 

Turbutt, W. Gladwyn, Ogston Hall, Alfreton. 

Turton, W. H., Heanor, Derby. 

Unwin, R., The Quadrant, Buxton. 

Wadsworth, A. F., 15, Weekday Cross, Nottingham. 

Walker, J., Uttoxeter Old Road, Derby. 

Walker, Rev. H. Milnes, Littleover Vicarage, Derby. 

* Walthall, H. W., Alton Manor, Wirksworth. 

Ward, John, F.S.A., Museum and Art Gallery, Cardiff. 

Waterpark, The Right Hon. Lord, Doveridge, Derby. 

Watts, J., Abney Hall, Cheadle, Cheshire. 

Webster, W. D., Oxford House, Bicester, Oxon. 

*Whiston, W. Harvey, Idridgehay, Derby. 

Whitehead, G. H. Taylor, Burton Closes, Bakewell. 



LIST OF MEMBERS. XVll 

Wilmot, Rev. F. E. W., Burbage Vicarage, Buxton.- 

Wilson, Rev. A. P. Hamilton, The Vicarage, Glossop. 

Wilson, Arthur, 30, Ashbourne Roaci, Derby. 

Wilson, W. Mortimer, The Firs, Alfreton. 

Woodforde, W. B. , The Cottage, Spondon. 

Woods, Sir Albert William, K.C.B., K.C.M.G., F.S.A., Garter-King-at- 

Arms, College of Arms, London. 
Wrench, Dr., Baslow, Chesterfield. 
*Wright, Charles, Wirksworth. 

York, His Grace the Archbishop of, Bishopthorpe, York. 



CATALOGUE OF BOOKS & PAMPHLETS 
IN THE SOCIETY'S LIBRARY. 

3foumaf0 an^ ^ransacfione of affie^ ^octetteet 

Antiquaries, Society of, London. 

Associated Architectural Societies, Proceedings. 

Archoeological Journal (Royal Archaeological Institute). 

Birmingham and Midland Institute. 

Bristol and Gloucester Archaeological Society. 

British Archaeological Association. 

Burton-on-Trent Natural History and Archaeological Society. 

Cambridge Antiquarian Society. 

Cumberland and Westmoreland Antiquarian Society. 

Hertfordshire (East) Archaeological Society. 

Kent Archaeological Society. 

Leeds, Thoresby Society. 

Leicestershire Natural History and Archaeological Society. 

Newcastle-on-Tyne Society of Antiquaries. 

Norfolk and Norwich Archaeological Society. 

Scotland, Society of Antiquaries of. 

Shropshire Archaeological and Natural History Society. 

Somerset Archaeological and Natural History Society. 

Staffordshire, William Salt Society. 

Surrey Archaeological Society. 

Sussex Archaeological Society. 

Yorkshire Archaeological Society. 

Yorkshire, East Riding Antiquarian Society. 



(^ieceffaneoue Q^oofte an^ ^amp^feU. 

Antiquarian's Spade and Pencil. J. Ward. 
Arbor Low, Some Notes on. A. E. Cockayne. 
Bradbourne Cross. Professor G. F. Browne. 
Bury, The Abbey of S. Edmund. M. R. James. 
Buxton, Ancient Remains near. W. Turner. 

,, Mr. Micah Salt's Diggings. J. Ward. 
Cambridge, Borough Charters. F. W. Maitland. 

Register of Baptisms, &c., in S. Michael's. 

Pedes finium. W. Rye. 

The Librarians of Trinity College. R. Sinker. 

The Priory of S. Radegund. A. Gray. 

Seals and Insignia of the University and Colleges. 



CATALOGUE OF BOOKS AND PAMPHLETS. XIX 

Cambridgeshire, Ancient. C. C. Babington. 

Church Bells of. J. J. Raven. 
,, Domesday of. B. Walker. 

Caer Pensauelcoit. 
Canadian Institute Proceedings. 
Caleb Parnham, Memoirs of. J. R. Lunn. 
Carlisle, Armorial Bearings of the City. R. S. Ferguson. 
County Bibliographies. F. A. Hyett. 
Denstone History, Chapters in. F. A. Hibbert. 

Derby, R.A. Institute Annual Meeting, 1S85. W. H. S. John Hope. 
Derbyshire Domesday Book. J. Pym Yeatman. 
Dover Castle Church. J. T. Irvine. 
Duffield Castle. W. Bland. 

English Place Names, Notes on the Systematic Study of. 
Flanders and France, Journal of a Tour through. E. N. Fawcett. 
France, Societe Zoologique, Anatomic du Corselet de la Myrmica Rubra 

Reine. 
Glossary of Dialectal Place Names. R. C. Hope. 
Gloucestershire, Domesday Survey. C. S. Taylor. 
Gloucestershire Records. E. A. Fry. 
Hartshorne, Parish Records of. T. North. 
Hertfordshire, Archaeological Survey of. J. Evans. 
Huddersfield Naturalists' Society. Transactions, Pt. i. 
Ingulph and Historia Croylandensis. W. G. Searle. 

Journal of the National Society for Preserving the Memorials of the Dead. 
Kent, Archaeological Survey of the County. G. Payne. 
Lambeth Palace, Manuscripts in the Library. M. R. James. 
Leicester, Letters of Alderman Robert Heyrucke. T. North. 
Melton Mowbray, Town Records. T. North. 
Mount Grace Priory. 

Nailsworth, Bristol and Gloucester Excursion, 1899. 
Newton, Dairy of. J. E. Foster. 
Northampton, The position of, in English History. 
Parish Registers, Report on Transcription of. 
Pipe Roll Society Report, 1885. 

Repton Priory, Letter to the Governors of Sir J. Port's Charity. 
Research, The Liberty of Independent Historical. T. Kerslake. 
Scotland, Society of Antitjuaries, The Bass Rock. 

,, ,, The Barony of Mouswald. 

,, ,, Sculptured Stone at Meigle. 

,, ,, Notes on two stoneware vessels. 

Shropshire, Calendar of Wills. Pts. 2, 3, and 4. 
Warkworth, Parish Registers. 
Warwickshire Field Club Proceedings, 1897. 
Yorkshire Carboniferous Flore. R. Kidston. 
Yorkshire Naturalists' Union Transactions, 1900. 



BEMRUSE AND SONS, LIMITED, PRINTERS, DERBY, LONDON AND WATFORD. 



.^2MAY193S 



fi7MAY1935 



VOL. XXV. 1903. 




Journal 



OF THE 



JIRCHJE0L06IC5IL 



I^HD 



Natural History 

OCIfiTY. 





PRINTED POR THE SOCIETY BY 

BEMBOSE & SONS, LIMITED. 4, SNOW HILL, LONDON, 

AND DERBY. 



ft 



k 






i 




John Bradshawe, 
Serjeant-at-Law. 

President at the Trial of Ki?i,^ 
Charles /., 1649. 



"0: 



"^^sL. 



ny^ 



JOURNAL 

OF IHR 

E)erb^sbice Hicb^ological 

AND 

NATURAL HISTORY S()CII:TY 

EDITED BY 

\V. J. ANDREW, F.S.A. 



VOL. XXV 



JUNE 1903 



Printed i-or the Society ry 

BKMROSE & SONS LTD. 4 SNOW HILL LONDON E.G. 
AND DERBY 



CONTENTS. 

PAGE 

Bradshaw Hall and the Bradshawes. 
I.— The Hall. 

By Ernest Gunson i 

II. — The Bradshawes of Bradshaw. 

By C. E. Bradshaw Bowles, M.A. - - - - 13 

The Church of Norhury. 

By the Rev. J. Charles Cox, LL.D., F.S.A. - - 73 

Notes on Two Pre-Norman Cross Shafts found at Norbury 
IN 1902. 

By J. RoMiLLY Allen, F.S.A. 97 

Catalogue of the Pictures at Hardwick Hall in the 
Possession of His Grace the Duke of Devonshire, K.G., 
1903. To which is appended a short account of the 
Heraldry in the various rooms and on the Tapestry 
AT Hardwick. 

By the Kkjht Hon. Lord Hawkeshury, F..S.A., F.R.G.S. 103 

Notes on Old Bu.kton and Disirict. 

By W. Turner, F.S..S. 159 

BOWDEN of BOWDEN. 

By Henry Kirke, M.A., B.C.!.. - - - - - 164 

Roman Weights found at Melandra. 

By Thomas May, F.F:.I.S. 165 

Gravestones at St. Peter's, Deriiy (Supplemental). 

By Geor(;e Bailev - - 174 

Carl's Wark. 

By I. Chalklev Gould 175 

Duffield Forest in the Sixteenth Century. 

By THE Hon. Frederick Strutt and the Rev. J- 

Charles Cox, LL.D., F.S.A. 181 

Derhyshire Fonts. 

By G. Le Blanc Smith 217 

Discovery of a Hunting Sword within the Forest of the 
Peak. 

By W. J. Andrew, F.S.A. 224 



coNiENTS — coiilitmed. 

The Saxon Window in Mugginton Church. page 

I. — By Percy H. Cukrey, Hon. Secietary - - - 225 

II.— By THE Rev. J. Charles Cox, LL.D., F.S.A. - - 227 

The Lepidoptera of Derbyshire. 
(Butterflies- Rhopalocera.) 

By the Rev. Francis C. R. Jourdain, M.A. - 229 

Editorial Notes— 

The Roman Camp at Brough 237 

"A History of Matlock" 238 

"A Guide Book to Derbyshire" 23S 

" The Victoria History of Derbyshire " - - - - 238 

"The Roman Fort of Gellygaer" 239 

" A Handbook to Hardwick Hall," and other new books - 239 

The Row^arth Celt 241 

Excavations at Arbor Low and Dove Holes - - - 241 

Our Illustrations 241 



PROCEEDINGS OF THE SOCIETY, 

List of Officers 

Hon. Secretary's Report 

Balance Sheet - 

List of Members 



ILLUSTRATIONS. 



Portrait of President John Bradsiiawe' - - - facing i 

Bradsiiaw Hall- 
Plan AS at Present 2 

Plan as originally buili- in 1610 — 20 - - . - 3 

From the North fcici"g 6 

Gateway, North Side ,, S 

Ceiling at ,, 10 

From the North-East ,, 13 

Gateway, South Side ,, 40 

Detail of Gateway, North Side - - - ,, 42 

NoRiiURY Church — 

From the South „ 73 

Ground Plan 78 

Interior, looking West facing 84 

Pre-Norman Cross Shafts at Norhury — 

No. I. — Front and Back . . - . ,, 97 

,, I. — Two Sides ,, 98 

,, II.— Front, Back, and Two Sides - - „ 100 

Hardwick Hall, Portraits at — 

Elizabeth Hardwick, Countess of Shrewsbury ,, 103 

George Talbot, Sixth Earl of Shrewsbury ,, 106 

Lady Arabella Stuart ,, 108 

William Cavendish, First Duke of Devonshire ,, no 

Mary Stuart, Queen of Scots ... ^^ 124 

Sir William Cavendish ,, 138 

Roman Weights found at Mei.andra ... ^^ 165 

Carl's Wark — 

From the Moor Path ,, 175 

Plan 176 

Section of Western Wall 177 

Derbyshire Fonts — 

WiLNE 218 

Mellor 220 

Tissington 222 

Mugginton Church, Saxon Window in 226 

The Rowarth Celt facing 240 



ERBYSHIRE |rCH.€OLOGICAL 



AND 



Natural Sistory Iociety. 



I. 

THE HALL. 



By Ernest Gunson. 



RADSHAW HALL is beautifully situated on the 
K^v southern slope of Eccles Pike, about a mile and a 
^^Ut§ half from Chapel-en-le-Frith, and commands exten- 
sive views on three sides. Old as the present Hall 
is, it originally replaced a far more ancient building, as to which 
a few suppositions may be offered. 

When Henry H., in 1 156, " caused nearly all the castles which 
had been erected in England in the time of King Stephen to be 
demolished,"'* the building, without .special licence from the 
Crown, of stone or embattled castles or mansions was prohibited, 
which accounts for the frequent entries in the history of many 
of our old families that during the following centuries a license 
was granted to them to erect .stone walls and embattle their 
residences. Hence the country gentry and yeomen returneil to 
the custom of their forefathers, and built tho.se half-timbered 

* Roger de Hoveden. 

VOI,. XXV. I 



2 HRADSIIAW HALL AND THE BRADSHAWES. 

striicluies nf which so many still, fortunately, remain to us. In 
Derbyshire, howe\er, as in other counties where stone is the 
plentiful building material, and timber comparatively scarce, 



1 


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they are rare, for when in Tudor times the prohibition was 
removed, or no longer observed, the fashion arose to rebuild 
with the materials nearest to hand, rather than to continue to 



BRADSIIAW HALL AND THE BRADSHAWES. 



3, 



uphold those wooden striirlures to which fire was, and still is, 
always an imminent danger. This latter reason was lirought 
prominently to the fore at that time, for it was not until the 
advt'iil of the Tudors that the rhininev was introduced into 
usual domestic architecture in England, and it naturally neces- 
sitated great changes in internal arrangement, and added no 




little to that danger until its construction was ])erfected by 
experience. 

The present Hall at Bradshaw is an interesting instance of 
such rebuilding, for its very plan tells us that it has been built 
upon the foundations of its half-timbered predecessor. Taking 
the ground plan of the hall and of the withdrawing room 



4 BRADSHAW HALL AND THE BRADSHAWES. 

together, we have a parallelogram of 42 ft. by 18 ft., which 
closely compare.s, as to length at least, with that of the old 
home of the Lancashire Radcliffes, which until recent years 
upheld its oaken structure of 43 ft. by 26 ft. 

Such was the original plan of the mediaeval hall of the 
Bradshawes in, perhaps, the thirteenth century — a plain hall, 
open to its high-pitched roof, with a hearthstone in the centre 
from which the smoke ascended to the rafters and found its way 
out through a hole in the tiling called the " louvre." The 
entrance would be at the lower end of the hall, and is again 
evidenced on the original ground plan of the present building, 
where the position was retained. At the ujiper end of the 
hall, where the " Withdrawing Room "' is marked on the plan, 
would be the raised dais, where the head of the house and his 
family dined and lived. As time progressed, the requirements 
of civilization prompted the addition of kitchens to the lower 
end of the hall, which would be added on the site of what is 
now " Kitchen No. 1 "' on the modern plan, and private rooms 
for the gentry would be built, or at least partitioned off, at the 
upper end of the hall. This was the usual plan of a mediaeval 
hall, and a typical example may still be seen at Baguley, near 
Cheadle, where the kitchen and private rooms alone have been 
rebuilt, leaving the grand old half-timbered hall in its original 
condition as it was before chimneys were thought of. 

The advent of the chimney caused immediate structural 
changes; the introduction came from the Continent towards the 
close of the fifteenth century, and in the days of Henry VIII., 
if not earlier, the custom of adding stone stacks to the existing 
buildings became prevalent throughout the country. These 
were usually built outside one of the sides of the hall, and 
contained a broad archway, opening into the room, in which 
the log fire was kindled. This seems to have been the case 
at Bradshaw, for on the line of what was formerly the outside 
wall of the hall is still standing a great stone chimney-stack, 
marked A on the plan. That it was the chimney to the ancient 
Hall, and is the oldest portion of the jiresent building, there 



BRADSHAW HALL AND THE BRADSILWVES. 5 

can be little doubt, for it plays no part in the later design. 
Moreover, a portion of the top, where the plaster " parging " 
of its flue (there tapered to about 2 ft. in diameter) can still 
be seen, has been taken down to allow the main timbers of the 
present roof of 1610-20 to pass over its head; it has been filled 
in and its archway beneath built up. When the architect 
designed the later building, he found that this old stack fell 
into line with his plan and served as a supi)ort for the great 
staircase which he built around it. Hence, it has survived as 
a solitary memorial to mark the site of the structure, which has 
almost vanished. One other memento, however, we have. The 
staircase is supported on bearing timbers made of principals 
from the old high-pitched roof, in which the mortices and oak 
pins still disclose their previous use and design ; these, after 
serving their original purpose for generations, were yet sound 
enough to be used to sustain the heavy staircase — a remarkable 
testimony to the quality of the oak selected for such purposes 
some six centuries ago, and still apparently as good as ever. 

It is very possible that at the date when the chimney-stack was 
added, the old wooden kitchens were replaced by a small single- 
storied or low stone building on the site of the pre.sent kitchen, 
marked " Kitchen N o. i " on the modern plan, for tradition says 
that a wing of Bradshaw was pulled down, perhaps a hundred 
or a hundred and fifty years ago, and its materials used to build 
an inn at Chapel-en-le-Frith.* This is the only position from 
which any portion of Bradshaw could then have been removed, 
and that it was but a very small building is evidenced by the 
fact that there are original windows in the present Hall confining 
its breadth and height to the confines of the present kitchen, 
and its length could not have been greater because of the falling 
away in the level of the natural ground. There is a little con- 
firmatory evidence, too, that these Tudor kitchens were preserved 
in use, at least after the main hall was rebuilt, in that the 
] 610-20 design was not completed quite contemporaneou.sly. 

* The "Royal Oak" Inn has been mentioneil, but little reliance can be 
placed on this. 



6 BRADSHAW HALL AND THE BRADSHAWES. 

The hall was evidently completed before the new kitchens, and 
perhaps the present Withdrawing Room, were added, for there is 
a curious miscalculation in the breadth of the kitchen wing, which 
has consequently slightly overlaijped the jamb of the passage 
window, and which would not have occurred if the angle had 
been built in one piece. Therefore, it is probable that the old 
kitchens and hving rooms were retained and used until the new 
dining hall was erected, and that subsequently the old kitchens 
(only) were retained for general purposes, for at that date they 
would be less than a century old. These would naturally be the 
first to decay, and probably their removal became necessary in 
the eighteenth centur)-. 

The foregoing description, imperfect, perha})s, in some of 
its deductions, will serve to convey a general idea of the ancient 
Hall as it existed in the closing years of the reign of Elizabeth. 
Then the main dining hall itself had probably stood for m(jre 
than three hundred years, and the time had arrived when fashion 
or decay, though probably the former, demanded its recon- 
struction. 

Betw'een the years 1600 and 16.20, but more probably within 
the latter of the two decades, Bradshaw Hall was entirely rebuilt, 
with the sole exceptions of the great chimney and, probably, 
the kitchens, as previously explained. The result of that 
rebuilding is well illustrated in the photographs before us, and, 
so far as the outside is concerned, as its architect left it nearly 
three hundred years ago, so it stands to-day, save that economies 
in avoidance of the old window tax have, unfortunately, induced 
the filling in of many of the windows, and on the south side a 
vandalism which can be felt, and is, therefore, not illustrated, 
has substituted four nineteenth century sash windows. The 
architecture, although of this date, is still in the Elizabethan 
style, but, as is usually the case where hard gritstone is used, 
owing to the difficulty of its working, the details are as simple 
as possible. The windows are beautifully proportioned examples 
of the plain mullioned and transomed type, so frequently seen 
in buildings of that period, especially in this county. Most of 



I 



BRADSIlAW HALL AND THE BRADSHAWES. 7 

them are composed of four lights with a transom, and contain, 
or have contained, tinted glass within diamond-shaped leaden 
panes. The proportions of the mullions and transoms convey 
the idea of strength and lightness combined, and the straight 
label mould, over the window head, is as effective as it is 
simple. Those windows which have been filled in, still, in 
most cases, retain their jambs, heads, and sills, and, therefore, 
but await the light of restoration. 

The gable coping is of neat design, and, without being 
obtrusive, assists to give that air (jf solidity to the building 
which is one of the characteristics of the Elizabethan style. 
The door heads are simply plain lintels, segmental in shape, 
with a deep splay, which is continued down the jambs, ter- 
minating in neat stops. As neither of them (for there are two) 
bears any inscription, the main entrance was probably pro- 
tected by a porch, and this is the more likely because, if its 
doorway were turned towards the kitchen entrance, the arrange- 
ment would bring the main gateway and approach into a straight 
line with the centre of the small courtyard so formed, instead 
of, as at present, in line with neither doorway. Whilst upon 
the subject of this porch, it should be mentioned that, built 
into one of the farm buildings adjoining, is a stone which may 
well have been preserved from its gable, for it is inscribed with 
the initials of Francis Bradshawe, the then owner of the Hall, 
and of his wife, Barbara Bradshawe, nee Davenport, namely 
F B B B 1 61 9," above a design somewhat resembling 
the linen-fold pattern, so often seen on oak furniture of that and 
of an earlier period. If this were the true position of the 
stone, it suggests that the Hall was completed in 1619, which 
would agree with the date, one year later, upon the main gate- 
W'ay, for that would probably not be erected until the extra, and 
bulky, traffic necessary during the building operations, no longer 
prohibited a restricted approach. 

The gateway, which stands some 80 ft. away, on the old bridle 
road leading to the ancient highway on Eccles Pike, is, as will 
be seen from its illustrations, of an exceptionally neat and 



BRADSHAW HALL AND THE BRADSHAWES. 

picturesque character. Above the arch, on the north side, it 
is embellished with armorial bearings, and on the south side is 
ornamented with a shield within floriated scroll work below 
the inscription, " 1 620, FRANCIS BRADSHAWE." There 
are indications that originally the archway was enclosed with 
double gates, and rebates for which still remain in the upper 
section, but the lower has evidently been slightly restored, 
perhaps some half-century ago. A feature of the walling round 
Eradshaw is its heavy double coping. The eastern boundary 
wall has been removed, but its line is traceable between the Hall 
and the present road, and was continued to the terraces on the 
south side. In the field, in front of these, can still be seen the 
outlines of the old gardens or orchards. 

Entering the Hall by the principal entrance — that is, .speaking 
figuratively from the original plan, for the doorway is now built 
up — we notice a quaint little window on the right, about 

1 ft. 8 ins. by i ft. 2 ins., which gave light to the vestibule, 
but which now merely opens into a modern addition to one 
of the two farmhouses, into which Bradshaw has been divided, 
perhaps, fifty years ago. Hence we joass through a splayed 
doorway into the dining hall. This was (for it is now divided 
by partitions) a spacious room, 22 ft. by 18 ft., lighted by a 
pair of four-light windows, now, alas, as previously mentioned, 
replaced by modern work. Above, to sujiport the floor of the 
upper storey, and the rooms at Bradshaw are unusually lofty, 
are massive oak beams about 16 ins. deep by 14 ins. wide, 
moulded and stopped on the lower edges. On the left is a 
very fine segmental arch over the entrance to the staircase ; 
it has a span of 4 ft., and its dejjth from front to back is 
4 ft. I in., being deeply splayed on the outer side; altogether, 
the design is striking, and if the old window, lighting the 
staircase behind it, were but opened out, the effect would be 
distinctly quaint and picturesque. This archway springs from 
the ancient chimney, through which it may have been cut, which 
here, for the greater part of its length, forms the side of the 
hall, and no doubt, to the mind of its seventeenth century 




c 



BRADSIIAW HALL AND THE BRADSHAWES. 9 

architect, added much to the stability of the building; but, 
speaking as one of his modern successors, this, his work, was 
too sound to require. Further, on the same side, is another 
archway leading to the kitchen, and at the top of the hall was the 
original great fireplace and a door leading into the withdrawing 
room. There seem to be some indications of a door in a 
similar position at the opposite end of the same wall, but whether 
it was a second door into the withdrawing room,''' designed, 
perhaps, for the jjurpose of an even effect in the interior detail 
of the hall, or whether it was merely a cupboard in the thick- 
ness of the wall, is not now apparent.! Above it, certainly, 
although now plastered over, is a large cupboard, which opened 
into the withdrawing room. Of this we are told, in Secret 
Chambers and Hiding Places, that there is, or was, a secret 
chamber, high up in the wall, large enough to hold three persons. 
Probably the cujjboard would hold three persons, but, alas for 
the romance, much of the space which it now occupies was 
formed by the modern alterations to divide the Hall into 
two farmhouses, and comprises the space over the low internal 
porch or passage to the door, then ojiened for access to the 
garden. A " priest hole " in the Puritanic house of Bradshaw 
would indeed have been an anomaly. The withdrawing room is 
lighted by similar windows, but that to the east has been built 
up. Identical beams cross its ceiling, but in a different 
direction to those of the hall, showing that it never formed 
part of the same room, as was once thought; moreover, its 
chimney-stack separates the two. 

Turning to the left into the passage, ornamented with a 
moulded cornice, which leads to the kitchens, we notice the 
fine four-light window at the end, cruelly mutilated to form the 
mcjdern main entrance. On the right are the doorAvays to the 
kitchen and larder, to the former of which there is no door 
nor any trace of there ever having been anything of the kind. 

* The splay of the jamb supports this alternative. See next paragraph. 

t It must be remembered that all these observations were made within 
plastered and papered walls which, therefore, cannot be disturbed for 
theoretical enquiry. 



lO BftADSHAW HALL AND THE BRADSHAWES. 

A feature of Eradshavv is that all the door jambs have been 
splayed off, both in the same direction, and those of the 
kitchens are severely treated in this manner. The direction 
always follows the line of general traffic, and the idea evidently 
was to cut off the corners and, especially in the case of the 
kitchens, no doubt to facilitate the carriage of the heavily- 
laden trenchers to the dining hall. The kitchens are similarly 
lighted, and the fireplace is contained in a large outside chimney- 
stack, as shown on the photograph taken from the north-east. 

Returning through the hall to ascend the main staircase, we 
pass, on the right, under the stairs, a store room or very small 
cellar, but it is now little lower than the level of the rest of 
the flooring ; it may, however, have been the entrance to the 
old cellars, of which more anon. The massive staircase is 
about 4 ft. in width, and consists of solid oak steps; it is sui> 
ported by the ancient chimney-stack, and opens into a small 
landing on the first floor, from which access is given to 'various 
bedrooms, and through them to others. This landing, which 
originally was lighted by the usual four-light window, now 
partially built up, has a remarkable ceiling, cornice, and frieze 
in plaster work (see illustration). Around the latter, in raised 
letters, is the following verse or verses : — " : LOVE • GOD • BVT 
. NOT • GOLD* : A • MAN • WITH • OVT . MERCY • 
OF . MER • * CY . StHALL • MISS • BVT • HE 
SH*ALL • HAVE • MERCY • THAT • MERCYFVL • 

IS.*" 

It will be noticed that the words are separated by single 

pellets and the sentences by C(jlons — a custom which, I am 
told, was observed on the coinage of the period. The proverbs 
have a biblical ring, but the Concordance does not assist one's 
memory to find them in the Bible, nor are they known to 
Dr. Cox in his extended ecclesiastical researches. The first, 
however, suggests a Puritanic variant for " Love God and honour 
the King," and the second would seem to be the favourite motto 
of the Bradshawes, for it is carved on the bedstead of President 



* At these points occur the angles of the walls. 
t This letter is ahnost obUterated. 



BKADSHAW HALL AND THE BRADSHAWES. ] 1 

Bradshawe at Marple Hall; and Mr. Isherwood, of ihat Hall, 
writes that it is also to be seen on a window at Bradshaw Hall, 
Lancashire. That it should ever have been the motto of the 
famous President at the trial of Charles I. is a curious corollary 
in the study of human nature. 

On this floor, over the kitchen, still remains a fine example 
of a panelled room. The design of the panelling, which is of 
oak, and extends from floor to ceiling, is similar to that at 
Bolsover, illustrated on page 158 in last year's volume of 
this Journal, and the effect, aided by the quaint and perfect 
four-lighted window, with its tinted leaden lights, is everything 
that an archaeologist could wish.* Probably other rooms were 
similarly treated when the Hall was in the heyday of its pros- 
perity. 

The staircase is continued to the attics, still with the solid 
oak steps, which, coupled with the windows (now blocked) in 
the gables, suggests that here the men servants slept, although 
the pitch of the roof allows little head room, as we are 
accustomed to require it. In the bulkhead covering the 
stairs, the laths are also of oak; a typical instance of the 
attention which our forefathers devoted to ever)- detail, so that 
their building might be a credit to them long after they 
themselves had ceased to take any interest in the matter — a 
sad contrast to the methods of too many of their modern 
successors. 

One only of the out-buildings need be mentioned, namely, 
the old cow byre. This is of the same date as the Hall, and 
its windows are of the same design ; if the rest of the old farm 
buildings were of the same excellent quality, one can gather 
that the farm would constitute a model of what was considered 
best in those days. 

On the modern plan will be noticed the letter " X "' in a 
position very nearly in the centre of each of the original rooms 

* Unfortunately, owing to the presence of large cheese-drying frames, 
which, having been constructed in the room, were too large to he removed 
through the doorway, it was impossible for Mr. Ilaslani to olitain a plioto- 
graph of this room. — Eu. 



12 BRADSHAW HALL AND THE BRADSHAWES. 

on the ground flour. This letter marks the spot where we have 
excavated, or, in the case of the withdrawing room, where the 
floor is boarded, bored, to a depth of five or six feet in search 
of the old cellars of Bradshaw, which, as will be proved from 
the inventory of their contents, given by Mr. Bowles on p. 68, 
certainly existed in the seventeenth century, but we failed to 
discover them. Under the floor of the dining hall, however, 
which has evidently been flagged at a later date than the rest 
of the building, the ground is composed of loose material, and 
this suggests that the cellars may have been here, but since 
filled in and flagged over. Elsewhere we found pieces of a 
deeiily-moulded cornice, which perhaps came from the dining 
hall. 

Had the Bradshawe family but continued to reside at the old 
Hall it would have been preserved to us as the fine building 
which, for its size, it undoubtedly was, and might have been 
to-day one of the choicest examples of Elizabethan architecture* 
in the county, and, to those who know Derbyshire thoroughly, 
this is praise indeed. 

One fact about Bradshaw is almost unique. From the days 
of Henry III., when the lands were reclaimed from the forest, 
until to-day, Bradshaw has never been sold out of the family or 
forfeited, but has passed down by descent alone to its present 
owner, Mr. C. E. Bradshaw Bowles, as heir to the founder of 
its ancient Hall. 



* I have explained that this type of architecture was continued in Derby- 
shire after the death of Queen Ehzabeth. 



II. 

THE BRADSHAWES OF BRADSHAW. 



By C. E. Bradshaw Bowles, M.A. 



HAPEL-EN-LE-FRITH— or the Chapel in the Forest 
— in its very name, not only suggests to the antiquary 
I the origin of some of our old Peak families, but also 
conjures for him, in vivid colours, the picture of what 
life must have been in North Derbyshire soon after the Xorman 
Conquest, when it probably closely resembled the more modern 
life of settlers in some of our colonies, for it entailed the 
laborious" clearance of the rough timber and undergrowth, which, 
we can imagine, clothed our valleys, and the lower part of the 
hills, before any tillage was possible, followed by the erection, 
perhaps, of timber-built dwellings, by-and-by to develop into the 
picturesque stone hall of the Tudor and Stuart period, our 
interest and delight to-day. The Church of Chapel-en-le-Frith. 
dedicated to St. Thomas a Becket, was built on Crown Land, pur- 
chased from William de Ferrers, Earl of Derby, in 1235, by the 
foresters and keepers of the deer in the King's Forest of the 
Peak, after they had grown into a settlement sufficiently impor- 
tant and wealthy to build a church, and sufficiently thoughtful 
to require one. These foresters and verderers had been 
originally appointed by William Peverel when, on behalf of 
his royal master, he converted into a hunting ground the 
territorj- of the High Peak, which at the time of the Domesday 
survey is said to have been little more than rough wood and 
waste- land, profitless alike for man and beast. "The whole 
of Longdendale ' (the division or ward which contained Chapel- 
en-le-Frith), says the Domesday Book, " is waste. Th:;ie is 



14 BRADSHAW HALL AND THE BRADSHAWES. 

a wood there, the pasture of which is not fit for deer."* The 
tillage, however, which was gradually accomplished by the 
foresters, soon brought about a different state of things, 
(irants of land were from time to time made by the Lord of 
the Manor to the foresters by way of payment for service done 
in the forest of the High Peak, or De Campana, as it was 
stvled in legal documents. The Conqueror had granted the 
custody of the manor of " Alto Pecco," as it \vas commonly 
called, to William Peverel. His son William succeeded, whose 
son, William Peverel III., was bani.shed, and his estates 
confiscated, circa 1155, by Henry \\., in consequence of his 
alleged murder, by jjoison, of Ranulf de Gernons, Earl of 
Chester. A portion of his estates was then granted to Robert 
Ferrers, Earl of Derby, who had married Ranulf's daughter. The 
manor was bestowed by Henry H. or Richard I. upon John, 
and from the time when he succeeded to the throne, with the 
exception of short periods during the reigns of Edward H., 
Edward HI., and Richard H., the manor of the High Peak 
has always been owned by a royal lord, as it is to-day. Edward HI. 
granted the manor first to his wife, and at her death to his 
son, John of Gaunt, and thus it became parcel of the Duchy 
of Lancaster, reverting to the crown on the accession of his 
son as Henry IV. The forest, however, was much neglected 
in the Civil Wars, and the deer having been destroyed by a 
heavy snow,f 10 Charles L, the freeholders petitioned the 
king to disafforest it. | — this was eventually done by Charles H. 
Ey these grants of land, made at various times by the sovereign 
as lord of the manor for service rendered, the foresters in fee 
became tenants in capilc of the king, and held the land granted 
to themselves and their heirs for ever, by the service, also 
hereditary, of guarding the king's forest. Thus not only did 
portions of the land become cultivated, but the foresters, the 
landed gentry of those times, gradually grew in prosperity and 
importance, until in 1611, when St. George's visitation was 
taken, § more than thirty families which had thus risen were 

* Reliquary, viii., p. 35. ^Reliquary, vol. viii., p. 43. 

% Archaol. Journal, vol. xxiv., p. 32. § Reliquary, vol. viii., p. 43. 



RRADSHAW HALL AND THE nRADSHAWES. 15 

found worthy of hearing arms. Most of these, either by their 
name, roat-(vf-arms, or crest, showed their descent from the 
ancient foresters of the Peak. The very early history, as will 
he conceived, of these first proj^enitors of the High Peak 
families is not easy to read for lack of documentary evidence. 
The Record Office, however, helps us somewhat with regard to 
tho.se dwelling in the district in the time of King John, the 
first royal lord of the manor, for in that inedited collection is a 
huge inindle of skins fastened together, which forms a portion 
f)f the rolls of the forest of the High Peak, and which has prove(l 
a wealthy mine of information to the antiquary and genealogist. 
The roll contains the names of those foresters and deerkeepers 
who were convicted and punished for " Vert and Venyson " 
offences, or offences against the game laws on the royal lands 
during the reigns of King John and Henry III., as well as the 
Assarts and Purprestures made by them, in respect of clearances 
of the forest, for the purposes of agriculture and the building of 
houses, which they were enabled to do by the grants made 
to them by the king. For the knowledge that these records 
existed, as well as in what way to obtain access to them for the 
purpose of making extracts from them, the writer of this article 
was indebted, .some years ago, to the kindness of Mr. Pym 
Yeatman, who since then has made the work of research com- 
paratively easy, by including his own transcripts from these 
valuable rolls in his ''^Feudal History of Derbyshire." 
Section VI. of that histor}- will be found to contain clear and 
certain evidence that the Bradshawes were among the earliest 
of the residents in that porticMi of the parish of Chapel-en-le- 
Frith called Bowden, which still retains its name as one of its 
townships. This Assart Roll practically upsets the theory 
which has been more than suggested at various times, and which 
has obtained some credence, that this family is descended from 
a scion of the house of Bradshawe, of Bradshaw, near Bolton, 
in Lancashire, who settled in this county about the time of 
Henry IV. Eanvaker, in his East Cheshire* asserts that this 

* Vol. ii., p. 61. 



1 6 BRADSIIAW HALL AND THE BRADSHAWES. 

theory is partly based on a pedigree now in existence at 
Marple Hall, co. Chester, where a branch of the Derbyshire 
Ikadshawes settled in the sixteenth century. The same theory 
found a place in an elaborately executed pedigree on vellum, 
fabricated about the year 1694, with each coat-of-arms 
emblazoned in colours, and which perished in the fire at The 
Leas, December, 1901. 

In this parchment pedigree, worthless except as an ancient 
and beautifully illustrated work of fiction, John Bradshawe, the 
first in St. George's visitation, was made to descend through a 
long line of perfectly fictitious members of the Lancashire house, 
from a Saxon ancestor, who was reinstated in his Lancashire 
lands l)y the Norman Conqueror, and whose portrait, red-haired, 
with bow in hand, appeared at the head of the roll, with a 
wonderful coat of many quarterings below his feet. Far more 
truth probably lies in the statement made by Anthony Bradshawe, 
of Duffield, in a conference on ist May, 1603, between himself 
and an old Oxford friend, who was also his fellow-student at 
the Inner Temple, styled " W. N., of C, co. Sufi"olk," which is 
quoted in Tlic Reliquary (vol. xxiii., p. 137) by the Rev. Charles 
Kerry, a former editor r)f this journal, from a MS. said, at that 
time, to be in the possession of Mr. Barber, of Smalley. In 
answer to his friend's question as to " What is that, w'^'' you call 
Bradshaugh Edge wherein your brother now dwelleth " ; he 
replied, " I take that to be a c''ten i)art of the p'ishe of 
Chapell de le Ffryth w*^'' the King of England in time past 
gave unto one of my Auncestors for service done as p'tly 
ap})ereth in some evidences of my brothers w'^'^ are with- 
out date, afore the Conquest of England, and I fynd that 
the p'ish conteyneth three edges vidlit Bradshaugh Edge, 
Bowden Edge, and Cambis (Coombs) Edge, and that so 
the said Edge called the Bradshaugh Edge conteyneth 
Ashford p'ts of the said p'ishe, and was all graunted to my 
auncestors though my former auncestors were of like vnthriftie 
and have in tymes past sold away most of the same and so my 
brother hath but a small remayncU therein." The curiosity 
which led to this statement was occasioned by a visit they paid 
together from Duffield " to Buxton Well, and so to Bradshaugh 



BRADSHAW HALL AND THE BRADSHAWES. I 7 

Hall in Bradshaugh Edge, where the said A. B. (Anthony) was 
born, and his auncestors, whither the said A. B. verie willinglie 
accompanied him and the better occasioned to visit his brother 
and friends there." 

The proof of any connection between the Lancashire and 
Derbyshire Bradshawes, if it ever existed, Hes hidden in the 
mists of time, and will probably never be found. It is not impos- 
sible, but there is no sign that it is probable. 

The name of Bradshawe, signifying as it does Broad Glade, 
might have been assumed originally by either family from the 
nature of the lands they held, or the two families, l)(jth of whom 
were certainly landowners in their respective counties in the 
time of Edward I., may have had one and the same sire, who 
is quite as likely to have had his birth in the Peak of Derby- 
shire, as in the wilds of Lancashire. 

It is now as hard to determine whether they had a common, 
and that a Saxon, origin as it is to decide whether they derived 
their name from the lands they owned, or whether they called 
their lands after their own names. Considering, however, that 
in the thirteenth century, when their names occur in County 
Records, they are invariably described as " dc Bradshaw,'' the 
former alternative is probably correct. 

As " the evidences without date afore the Conquest " alluded 
to by Anthony Bradshawe have apparently disappeared, it is 
to the Assart Roll that we must turn for the first members of 
the Bradshawe family, who are recorded as living in the part 
of the Peak now known as Chapel-en-le-Frith ; and as there is 
evidence in it of more than one who had received grants of 
land, and who was probably descended from the original 
Derbyshire settler, it is not possible to determine for certain 
which of them was the actual progenitor of the line of Brad- 
shawes, of Bradshaw. In this roll, under date 18 John to 6 
Henry III. (1215-1221),* Ivo de Bradshawe is recorded to have 
made an assart of 14 acres in Whitehall. In the same place 
and at the same date Walter de Bradshawet is found to be the 
tenant under the king of 9 acres which had been formerly 

'Section vj., p. 260, oi Feudal Hist, of Derbyshire, by Pym Veatman. 
\cf. Archaological Journal, vol. xv., p. 87. 



l8 BRADSHAW HALL AND THE BRADSHAWES. 

assarted by his father, Walter de Bradshawe, who was then 
dead. This Walter* was accused of building, without a war- 
rant, a house in Bowden, in 36 Henry III. (1252), and at the 
same date Randolph de Bradshawe was also found to have 
built a house in Bowden. 

We also ascertain from the roll that about the time of 
18 John — 6 Henry HI. (1215-1221), William de Bradshawe was 
found to have, at some previous date, made an Assart of 22 
acres in Whitehall, that he was at that time dead, and that 
Richard de Bradshawe was then tenant, who himself sub- 
sequently, namely about 19-21 Henry HI. (1235-1237), assarted 
half an acre, and again, about the years 1237-1242, another 
four acres of meadow, all in Whitehall. In 36 Henry III. 
(1252), he is found to be the possessor of a house, which he had 
built with the licence of the bailiff, within the king's domain. 
Again, either he or another Richard was accused of a game 
tre.spass in 3 Edward I. (1275). In the year 1257, Thomas 
de Bradshawe is occupying, as tenant, two acres in " courses,"! 
and in 5 Edward I. {1277) he is holding a Burgage tenure in 
Chapel-en-le-Frith, and is a juror in 1283; while during the 
same period William de Bradshawe is occupying land in 
Coombes. Thus we find that about the year 12 15 there were 
living in what is now the parish of Chapel-en-le-Frith (i.) Ivo de 
Bradshawe ; (ii.) Richard, the son of William de Bradshawe ; 
and (iii.) Walter, the son of Walter de Bradshawe, all occupying 
land as tenants of the king in Whitehall. | That Walter de 
Bradshawe is also the occupier of a house in Bowden in 1252, 
unless he be another of the same name ; as is also a fourth 
member of the family, namely, (iv.) Randolph de Bradshawe. 
That not long afterwards, namely, in 1257, Thomas de Brad- 
shaw is resident in the same parish, and is apparently still living 
there in 1283; while at the same date William de Bradshawe 
is occupying land in Coombes, of which his descendants were 
in possession two hundred years later.§ That these six men all 

* Section vj., p. 249. 

t Still known as The Courses, Chapel-en-le-Frith, where "Hall Hill" 
probably now records the site. 

X Whitehall and Whitehough adjoin and are about a mile from Bradshaw. 
§ See ])age 25. 



BRADSHAW HALL AND THE BRADSHAWES. 1 9 

undouhtedly sprang from one ami the same stork, and were 
therefore closely related to each other, it is easy to surmise, Inil 
not so easy is it to determine the most likely jjrogenitnr of the 
Uradshawes of Bradshaw. 

Api)arently there are no Plea Rolls of the forest in existence 
between the years 12 Edward II. and 22 Richard II. (1319- 
1398). Thus few. if any, rays of light would have penetrated 
the mists which, at this time, envelop the mountain home of 
the Bradshawes if it were not for a deed of grant* which has 
descended to the writer, " dated at Chapel-en-le-Frith the Thurs- 
day after the Feast of St. Michael, 6 Edward III., 133^, in 
which " Richard son of John de Bradeschawe grants to John 
de Bradeschawe my Father and to Mary his wife my Mother " 
certain lands in Bowden, of which a portion are stated to be 
situated in Thornyleye, and a portion in Wytehalnfeld ;t while 
a piece of land called Perts Acre is de.scribed as being near the 
Holumedue,t which latter, as will be seen, eventaially gave rise 
to an important dispute. § 

Now, though Ivo, Walter, and Randoljjh de Bradshawe are 
all proved to have been in the possession of land in the same 
locality, namely, in Bowden and Whitehall ; yet as their Christian 
names are never repeated the most probable progenitor of the 
above-mentioned John de Bradshawe must be looked for in 
Richard, the son of William, who assarted the twenty-two acres 
at Whitehall. If this surmise be correct, little more than fifty- 
five years intervenes between the mention of the two Richards, 
suggesting the possibility that John de Bradshawe, father of 
Richard (II.), might be son of Richard (I.), and therefore grand- 
son of William de Bradshawe, who was dead in 12 15 — T121. 
There is al.so the possibility that the house built by Walter in 
Bowden has descended to this family, and was the original 
Bradshaw Hall. 

Again there falls an impenetrable curtain of mist, and a 
period of utter silence succeeds in which no member of this 

* Now in the possession of the writer, as are all other deeds cited or 
quoted, unless otherwise stated. 

t Whitehall Field— Whitehough. A. S. /iJ/=hall. 

X Or " HoUmedovv." It is still called the Hollow Meadow, and lies 
between the Turncroft and Bradshaw Hall. 

§ See page 23. 



20 BRADSHAW HALL AND THE BRADSHAWES. 

family is either seen or heard. This is due, withcHit doubt, 
to the carelessness of their descendants in the guardianship of 
" the evidences,"' though it is true that a disastrous fire early in the 
nineteenth century is known to have destroyed a certain amount 
of deeds and MSS., together with plate and portraits, a calamity 
repeated a year ago. The silence is broken after a lapse of 
sixty-six years by a charter dated at Chapel-en-le-Frith, Monday 
next after the Feast of St. James, 21 Richard II. (1398), in 
which " John, son of John de Bradshawe, senior, grants to 
William, son of John de Bradshawe, junior, seven acres of land 
lying in Tumcroft.' * This is the first reference to this croft, 
which, as will be noted, is specially mentioned in several of 
the deeds, and, with the Hollow Meadow, still forms part of 
the Bradshaw domain. There is nothing, however, to show 
the relationshi]) of the parties to this deed with those to that 
dated 1332. It may be that John de Bradshawe, sen., was 
son of Richard, or he may have been his brother. The Heralds 
Visitation^ begins the pedigree with a John de Brad.shawe, 
who by his marriage with Cicely, daughter of Thomas Foljambe, 
was father of William. He would be doubtless the John de 
Bradshawe, jun., of the deed, who granted the Turnrroft to 
his son William. 

But Heralds Visitations are very fallible and give no dates, 
and from two deeds we' ascertain that the mother of William 
was Joyce, while the following proves that Cicely Foljambe, 
who, as is not unusual, is here called by her maiden name, had 
a life interest in the estates, which being released from it by 
her death, her son, John de Bradshawe, re-settled in 1408. It 
is dated at Baudon, 6th May, 9 Henry IV., and being translated 
reads thus : " I, John de Bradshawe, grant, etc., to Roger Leche, 
Knt., John Stafford Armiger, John Alot Chaplain, all the lands, 
etc., in the Ville of Bauden, which lately descended to me in 
right of heirship after the death of Cicely Foljambe."' 

The pedigree, corrected by the light thrown on it by these 
two muniments, would therefore probably run thus : " John de 
Bradshawe, sen. (who may have been the son of Richard, living 

* See Note, p. 19, where it will be seen that the name is still retained. 
t See Appendix A, pnge 50. 



BRADSHAW HALL AND THE BRADSHAWES. 2 1 

in 1332), had issue by Cicely Foljambe, his wife, John de 
Bradshawe, jun., whose wife's name was Joyce, and in 1408, 
his father and mother being both dead, John de Bradshawe, 
jun., was in possession of the estates. ' 

For twenty years, however, nothing can be discovered which 
relates either to him or to the estate; but in the year 14^9 
there is reference made to both. In a deed of 1429 occurs the 
first mention of Bradshaw as a place name. It is a conveyance 
by John de Bradshawe, of Bradshawe, to William Bradshawe, for 
trust purposes, of land cal]ed Bradmersh.* In the same year 
he executed two entail deeds. Both are dated " at Bradshawe, 
on the Feast of St. Mark the Evangelist, 8 Henry vj "' (1429). 
In one were settled " two messuages of 40 acres 
of land lying in Bradshawe and Turncroft, in the 
township of Bowden," to the use of William, his eldest son, 
and his heirs male (subject to his own life interest), and in default 
for the use of his three other sons, John, Robert, and Henry, 
successively in tail male. In the other deed a settlement is 
made on himself for life and then on his sons, John, Robert, 
and Henry, in tail male, of one messuage and 43 acres of 
land lying at Lightbyrches. 

From these deeds, the sole available sources of information 
as regards both John de Bradshawe and his family, we can 
only ascertain the names of his sons, whom he had, presumedly, 
by Joyce his wife, and of these : 

I. — William, who succeeded to the Bradshaw estate. 
II. — John, who succeeded to the Lightbyrch estate, which 
he sold to Reynold Legh, of Blackbroke.f He and 
his son John were living at Lichfield in 1497. 
III. — Robert, most probably the father of Hugh Brad- 
shawe, of Moorebarn,! Co. Leicester, called as a 
witness in the Hollow Meadow case in 1497. Hugh 
is the first in the visitation of that county, 16 19, 
and was the father of two sons, John and Robert, 

* This land, still a portion of Bnidshaw, retains both the name and 
character of the Broadmarshes, and skirts the main road not far from the 
jiresent Chapel-en-le-Frith Union. 

t See Appendices B and E, pages 50, 56. Blackbrook is at Chapel-en- 
le-Frith. 

+ Appendix E, p. 56. 



22 BRADSHAW HALL AND THE BRADSHAWES. 

both of which names, it is to be noticed, frequently 
occur in the Leicestershire pedigree. 
IV. — Henry, most probably the ancestor of the Bradshawes 
of Wyndley,* near Duffield, from whom doubtless 
descended, later on, the Bradshaws of Barton 
Blount.t 
I. — ^William the eldest son, succeeded to the Bradshaw estate 
under the entail of 1429, and is described as "William Brad- 
shawe, of Bradshawe,' in four leases, three of which were granted 
to Roger Cooper, tailor. The first is^dated 5th July, 1444, and is 
a lease of "The Bradmersh Lands,'' settled in 1429, which are 
here described as being in the township of Bouden. 

The second, dated 25th March, 1457, is a lease of the same 
lands for twenty years subject to the annuity settled on Joyce, 
mother to the said William. 

The third, dated 2nd March, 1458, is a lease of 
lands called " Holyhmedo," without doubt identical with the 
Hollow Meadow of to-day, the Holumedue settled by the deed 
of 1332, and the HoUe Medow, the ownership of which, twenty- 
five years later, was destined to produce so much controversy. 

The fourth, granted 4th October, 1458, to William Redfern 
and Emmot [Emma], his wife, is a lease for ten years of " the 
Turncroft " (which had been settled in 1398 and again in 1429), 
" by Joyce Bradshawe, widow, and William Bradshawe, her son, 
of which one quarter of the rent was to be paid to the former 
during her life, and afterwards to revert with the other three- 
quarters to William." 

Twenty years later, namely, on 25th March, 1478, William 
Bradshawe executed a lease for ten years in fa\our of his son 
" Harry." The substance of this lease, which appeared in full 
in last year's Journal (vol. xxiv., p. 40), makes it evident that he 
intended it to take the place of a will. It provides, after his 
death, for the maintenance of his wife, Elizabeth,! daughter 
of Edward Kyrke, of Whitehough, in Chapel-en-le-Frith — but 
for no other child than his son and heir. Both his name, as 
" William, the son of John Bradshawe, " and that of his brother, 

* Appendix C, pnge 51. 

t Glover's Derbyshire, II., ]). go. 

% Reliquary, viii., p. 238. 



BRADSHAW HALL AND THE BRADSHAWES. 23 

" Juhn Bradshawe," as the owner uf Lightbyrches, appear in the 
list of those who paid rent tu the king in the Duchy Rental of 
10 Edward IV., 1471.* 

The writer has assumed that he who as William Bradshawe, 
of Bradshawe, executed the leases of the Turncroft, Broad- 
marshes, and Holle Medow is identical with William, the son of 
John de Bradshawe, jun., upon whom the Turncroft was settled 
in 1398. If this be so, and no other suggestion seems possible, 
he must have been very young when the settlement was made. 
But a post-nuptial settlement to guard the interests of the eldest 
son was not uncommon. He is most certainly identical with 
the William upon whom the estates of Bradshaw and the Turn- 
croft were entailed in 14^9, because he alludes in the 
depositions taken on his deathbed to the Light Byrch estates 
as belonging to his brother John. He must, therefore, have been 
very old when he died, in 1483 — too old to have been worried 
with the controversy which arose as to the ownership of the 
HoUemedow. 

This land (of which Perts Acre, settled in 1332, was at this 
time doubtless a portion, unless it be identical with Light Byrch), 
had some association with the Light Byrch estate, which had 
been entailed by John Bradshawe in 1429 on his second son, 
John, who sold it, probably after 1471, to Reynold Legh, of 
B]ackbroke,t in Chapel-en-le-Frith, and Leonard now wrongfully 
claimed the HoUemedow as part of the estate which he had 
bought. 

The dispute, which lasted for more than seventeen years, 
involved much trouble and expense before it was finally settled 
in favour of the Bradshawes in 1500. 

The first step, of which there is any evidence, was taken on 
2nd August, 1483, when Nicholas Dickson, jjarson of Claxbe, 
Co. Leicester, took the depositions of William Bradshawe, of 
" the Bradshaw,' on his deathbed, tu the effect that the Hoole 
Medow had never been part of the Light Birch estate, and had 

* Feudal Hist, of Derbyshire, sec. vi., p. 374. 

t About the middle of the sixteenth century, Lightljyrch belonge<l to 
the family of Mosley, and descen<led to Sir Oswald Moslev, who built 
" Mosley Hall " upon it, after which it was sold to Mr. Gisbornc! Rcliquiry, 
vol. viii., p. 233. 



24 BRADSHAW HALL AND THE BRADSHAWES. 

not been given to his brother John (see Appendix D, p. 55). 
But not until fifteen years later was it, apparently, found neces- 
sary to take the evidence of John Bradshawe himself, the owner 
and vendor of the Lightbyrch estate, which suggests the 
possibility that during that period Reynold Legh had left the 
owner of the Hoole Meadow in undisturbed possession. Then, 
as we gather from the document, given in full in the Appendix 
E (p. 56), John Bradshawe made a statement to Robert Worth, 
Thomas Auby, Hugh Bradshawe, of Morebarn, and John Brad- 
shawe, the younger, of Lichfield, to the effect that John 
Bradshawe, senior, had on the 6th March, 1498, stated in his 
own house at Lichfield that the land in dispute had neither been 
owned nor sold by him, but that Reynold Legh had endea- 
voured, ineffectually, on three separate occasions, to obtain an 
admission from him that it had been included in the Lightbyrch 
purchase, first by sending a servant with a document for him to 
sign, then by himself coming, on which occasion he became so 
pressing that he had found it necessary to leave him and to 
refuse to speak again with him on the matter, and finally by 
requesting Thomas Auby, who happened to be at Blackbroke 
on other business, to go to Lichfield and endeavour to obtain 
the admission he had himself failed in obtaining. 

The next stej:) taken was on 28th August following,* when 
Henry Bradshawe, who since his fathers death in 1483 had 
been in possession of the land in dispute, obtained a warrant 
against Reynold Legh to answer for a trespass " upon a meadoAv 
in Bowden called Holmedowe, ' which was followed by an order 
made to the sheriff, ist May, 14 Henry VH. (1499),! at the 
instance of Reynold Legh himself, to summon a jury to try the 
right of Henry Bradshawe to the land. In the panel of the jury 
are Peter Pole, gent., Thomas Bradshawe, gent., Judde Stafford, 
gent., John Gell, of Hopton, and Nicholas Eyre, of Redreth. 
The case was tried early in J 500, J and a certificate was 
addressed to the king (Henry VH.) by Sir Ralph Longford and 
Thomas Meyv'erell to the effect that both disputants had 

* Wolley Charters, xii., 42, dated 28th Aug., 14 Henry V[I. (1498). 
t Wolley Charters, xii., 66, dated Westminster, ist May, 14 Henry VII. 
(1499). 

JAppendi.x F, \>. 57. 



bradshaw hall and the bradshawes. 25 

appeared before them at Ashbourne, and had promised to abide 
by their decision ; that they had, after hearing all the evidence, 
decided in favour of Henry Bradshawe, who had appeared 
before them and abided the result, but that Reynold Legh had 
refused to again appear as soon as he had heard the nature 
of the evidence. 

The result of the trial was a bond, dated 2nd March, 
1500,* in which Reynold Legh was bound over in ;^2o to respect 
their decision. Henry Bradshawe^ — who was now left in peace- 
ful possession of the Hoole Meadow — had succeeded his father 
in the Bradshaw estates on his death in 1483. As we have seen, 
a lease of those lands had been granted to him in his father's 
lifetime. In 1484,! a power of attorney was granted to him 
and Oliver Kyrke to deliver seisin of lands in Le Gyves alias 
Hordron^ in Bowden. William Bradshawe, of Coombs, is one 
of the witnesses. 

On 20th September, 8 Henry VHI. (1516), Henry Bradshawe 
was a paity to a deed of settlement of lands lying in Trumflete, 
Co. York, on the issue of Edward Knottesfurd and Alice Brad- 
shaw, but there is nothing to show whether or not Alice was 
his daughter. Her husband probably belonged to the Knottes- 
fordes of Knottesford (Knutsford), co. Chester, a member of 
which family,§ Ellen, daur. and co-heir of Roger Knottesford, 
married as his 2nd wife Roger Jodrell of Yeardsley, co. Chester, 
a near neighbour of the Bradshawes, who died Feb. 1548. 
In 1519,11 17th April, a power of attorney was granted to 
Nicholas Bradshawe, of Chapelle-in-le-Frith ; Robt. Gee, of 
Lydeygate ;^ and Walter Marchington, to receive seisin of 
lands which they held of Henry Bradshawe, of Bradshawe, in 
Bowden. His will, which was made 2nd March, 1521,** and 
proved April 30th, 1523, in the peculiar Court of Bakewell, left 
the estates to his sons William and Henry in trust for Richard 

•Wolley, xii., 53. 
t Wolley, iii., zt,. 

X A. S. heorder—a. keeping. Hence both words bear ihe same meaning, 
viz., a fold. 

§ Karw;iker's East Cheshire, vol. ii., ]). 534. 

II Wollev, .\ii., 6g. 

t Now Ly.lgate. 

*■* Ajipendix G, page 58. 



26 BRADSHAW HALL AND THE BRADSHAWES. 

Bradshawe, the son of his eldest son John, a minor, with instruc- 
tions that until he was twenty-one he was to be kept at school 
if possible. The Turncroft and Broadmarches were to provide 
the jointure for his widow. 

Henry Bradshawe married Elizabeth, the daughter of Robert 
Eyre, who was the second son of William Eyre, of North Lees, 
near Hathersage,* himself the second son of Nicholas Eyre, of 
Hope. She survived him, and died about 1537, as shewn by 
the lease of the Turncrofts mentioned below. 

By her he had issue : — 

I. — John, who died in his father's lifetime. There is no 
record of his wife's name or family except an erroneous state- 
ment,! and there is no record of any issue beyond his son and 
heir, Richard Bradshawe, who succeeded to his grandfather's 
estates. 

II. — 'William, who succeeded his nephew Richard. 

III. — Henry, who had a lease of the " land and tenements 
called Turncrofts " granted to him and his wife Elizabeth for 
his life by his nephew Richard, " from the 25 March next 
after the decease of Elizabeth Bradshawe, grandmother to the 
said Richard." It is dated ist December, 29 Henry VIII. (1537)- 
He was living 15th September, 1543,+ when he is included in 
the settlement of the estates made by his brother 'William in 
default of issue. Henry Bradshawe and Edward Bradshawe of 
Townscroft (the Turncroft), are witnesses to a deed executed by 
Godfrey Bradshawe, of Bradshaw, 20th November, r568. 

I. — ^Margaret, unmarried in 1521. 

1 1. — ( ?) Alice, married to Edward Knottesford, of Trumflete, 
in the parish of Kirk Sandal, Co. York. A deed, dated 20th 
September, 15 16, settles lands lying in Trumflete and in Tickhill, 
both in Co. York, on the issue of Edward Knottesford and 
.\lice Bradshawe, but no mention is made of her parentage. 
The parties to this deed are Richard Wayet and Alice his wife, 
Thos. Eyre, Henry Bradshawe, and Godfrey Foljambe. 

III. — Elizabeth, married Bruckshaw,§ probably John 

* Hunter's FtuuilicE Minonim Gentium, Harl. Society, vol. ii., p. 544. 

+ .\|i|ienilix C, p. 52. 

i Wollev Cluirlers, xii., So. 

SAiipendix A, p. 50, 



BRADSHAW HALL AND THE BRADSHAWES. 27 

Bruckshaw, who died about 1547,* leaving two daughters, his 
co-heirs, (1) Alice, married John Passey, of Torksay, Co. 
Lincoln, who died 1554 ;t (2) Grace, married Hugh Cartwright, 
of East Retford, Co. Notts. 

IV. — Anne, mentioned only in the visitations. 

I. — Richard Bradshawe, the son of John, succeeded as a minor 
to the Bradshaw estates on the death of his grandfather in 
1523. He attained his majority probably about 15th February, 
1534, the date of a monetary transaction between him and 
his uncle, William Bradshawe, of Marple. In this document he 
is described as " Richard Bradshawe, of Bradshaw." The 
following year, in an acknowledgment of the payment to him 
of certain money by his uncles William and Henry, as his 
grandfather's executors, he styles himself " Richard, son and 
heir of John Bradshawe deceased.' This is dated at Marple 
27th June, 27 Henr}- VIII. During his minority, Bradshaw 
Hall had been in the occui)ation of his uncle, Henr}- Bradshawe, 
to whom, in 1537, as mentioned above, he granted a lease 
of the Turncroft Iand.s. It seems questionable, however, 
whether Henry did not still continue to make Bradshaw his 
home for some time afterwards; while his nejjhew may have 
been living either with him or with his uncle William at Mar[)le, 
which is about eight miles away. The alternative that Richard 
was living alone at the Hail forces on us the question why 
in that case should William Bradshawe, living at Marple, 
have become, in 1533, the les.see of Bradshaw Hall? This 
latter fact is gathered from an indenture^ dated joth April, 
;^^ Henry VIII. (1541), which quotes a former lease executed 
{2^ Henry VIII.) by his nephew, granting to him for thirty- 
one years Bradshaw Hall and lands, then in the occupation of 
Henry Bradshawe and Elizabeth, his wife, with the power of 
re-entry after a year's notice. This power is now exercised 
and a new arrangement is made by which the uncle has a twenty- 
one years' lease, with the reservation to the nephew of half the 

* Pages 28 and 29. 

+ Deed of Release from his widow to Wm. Bradshawe. 

*Api)endix H, i>;ij^e 59. 



28 BRADSHAW HALL AND THE BRADSHAWES. 

land and farm buildings for his own occupation. Richard* 
had, however, already entered upon his extravagant and down- 
ward career, and his frequent appeals to his uncle for money 
resulted in, first a mortgage and finally, the absolute salet of 
his interest in the whole of his paternal acres to his uncle, 
William Bradshawe. This necessitated the usual arrangements 
being made for the dower of his wife, who is mentioned in 
several documents, some in the writers possession, and others 
among the Wolley Charters, between July, 1543, and 14th 
November, 1549. His wife was Katherine, daughter of Elys 
Staley (or Stavely), of Redseats, near Castleton, Co. Derby, 
by whom he had one son, Thomas Bradshawe, of Swindels, co. 
Chester, living 19th January, 1582, which is the date of a release 
to Francis Bradshawe of any right he might possess " in the capital 
messuage commonly called Bradshaw, which formerly belonged 
to Richard Bradshawe, my father.''| The last that is known 
of the unfortunate Richard is gathered from a deed dated 
20th October, 1547, in which he is described as of Marple. 
It is the sale of an annuity to James Bullock, of Stockport. 

II. — William Bradshawe, second son to Henry Bradshawe (who 
died in 1523), acquired, as we have seen, from his nephew 
Richard, all his interest in his father's estates, in April, 1541. 
He is described as of Marple, Co. Chester, as early as 15th 
February, 25 Henry VIII. (1534), and as late as 14th November, 
3 Edward VI., i549.§ The lands called "Hole Meadow lying 
in Bradshaw, Co. Derby," the subject of so much litigation sixty 
years before, were leased by him to John Gee, of Chapel, for 
twenty years, on 5th February, 1543. 

In a deed dated 15th July, i Edward VI. (1547), he, as 
" William Bradshawe, of Bradshawe," acknowledges the receipt 
of ;^20 paid to him from lands in Blythe, Co. Notts., in the 
occupation of William Ingleby of Blythe, to whom they had been 
leased in 1533 by John Brockshaw, presumably William 

* Appendix J, p. 60. 
t Appendix K, p. 61. 
J Appendix L, p. 61. 
§ Wollev Charters, xii. 78. 



BRADSHAW HALL AND THE BRADSHAWES. 29 

}5ra(lsha\ve's brother-in-law, whose representatives in 1547 were 
" John Passey, of Torksay, Co. Lincoln, and Alice, his wife, and 
Hugh Cartwright, of East Retford, and Grace, his wife, daughters 
and co-heirs of John Bruckshaw (previously mentioned), of East 
Retford, Co. Notts., deceased." Thesi^ lands William Bradshawe 
purchased in 1548. In 1561, he leased* a portion of them to 
Edmond Eyre, of Lyttle Hodsock, Co. Notts., reserving to 
himself " one honest chamber in the same messuage or house 
to lye in or to laye in corne or other things." He married 
Margaret,! daughter of Christopher Clayton, of Strindes Hall, 
near Marple, Co. Chester. 
He had issue : — 
I. — Godfrey, his son and heir. 

n. — Henry, of Marple Hall, Co. Chester,^ born 6th Sep- 
tember, 1535. He probably succeeded his father as tenant of 
Marple,§ which estate he purchased from Sir Edward Stanley, 
4th July, i6o6. His name was inserted in his brother Godfrey's 
entail deed of 1570. He was buried at Stockport, 17th January, 
1619-20, leaving, by Dorothy, daughter and co-heiress of George 
Bagshawe, of the Ridge, Co. Derby, a son and heir, Henry, 
named in the deeds as Henry Bradshawe, the elder, who was 
buried at Stockport 3rd August, 1654, leaving issue by 
Catherine, daughter and heir of Ralph Winnington, of Ofiferton, 
whom he married at Stockport 4th February, 1593-4. 

(i) Henry Bradshawe, of Marple and Wibersley, Co. 
Chester, named in the deeds as " the younger," from whom 
descended ihe Bradshawes of Marple Hall, now repre- 
sented by the Bradshaw-Isherwoods. 

(2) John Bradshawe, bapt. at Stockport loth December, 
1 602,11 M.P. for Co. Chester, better known as the President 
of the High Court of Justice which tried and sentenced 

* Wolley Charters, xii., 47. 

•\ Keliquary, vol. ii., p. 224. 

t Appendix M, p. 62. 

§ Earwaker's Ec7st Cheshire, vol. ii., p. 65. 

'I The entry in the Register is : " December : 1602. John sonne of 
Henrye Bradshaw of Mar]>le baptized the : loth Traitor " ; the last word 
having been added by some loyalist, probablv after the Restoration. 



30 BRADSHAW HALL y\ND THE BRADSHAWES. 

to death King Charles I. John Bradshawe died 31st 
Octnl)er, 1659, S.P., and was buried with great pomp in 
Westminster Abbey. "■■ His iiody was, however, on 31st 
January, r66i, exhumed with those of Cromwell and 
Ireton. and all three were hung and buried at T\liurn. 
III. — Francis, t born 14th June, 1543. Ha<l children living 
1625. 

IV. — Anthonv Bradshawe, bom 3rd February, 1545,! at 
Bradshaw, of the Inner Temple and of Farley's Hall, in Duffield, 
owned the Dufifield Mill,| which he held under the Duchy of 
Lancashire, as well as other lands in Duffielil and Holbrook. 
Certain land J? in Crych, called Eariowcote, was granted by 
"William Butler to Anthony i^radshaugh, of Duffield, and 
another on ist April, 1604." He was the author of various 
MSS., a portion of which was ])rinted by the Rev. Charles 
Kerry in The Rcliqiiarx.\\ He and a friend paid a visit to his 
brother Godfrey at Bradshaw Hall, in May 1603.II He was a 
great benefactor to Duffield, where he founded an alms-house. 
To quote his own words, " Being in** 38 Elizabeth's reign by 
the Honble. Gilbert, Earl of Shrewsbury, her Mat^ High Stew'^ 
of the Honour of Tutbury, charged trusted and deputed to be 
understeward there, and also having spent above 30 years 
time partly in the Inner Temple and pardy in the C of the 
Com. Pleas at Westminster, where I also practised above 30 
years as attorney ... for the better instructing of my sons 
and clerks which I employed under me in that office, I col- 
lected certain little books . . . concerning my service doing 
in the said courts. I have often meant, and in my little 
monument standing in the church of Duffield do shew, that I 
would provide for harbouring of four poor persons to continue 
in," etc., etc. 

The alms-houses, which stood in the Town Street between 

* See Frontispiece. Of him Milton, in Def. Sec. pro Pop. Ang., p. 106, 
says, "Johannes Bradscianus, nobili familia, ut satis notum est ortus." 
t Appendix M, p. 62. 

JWoUey Charters, iv.., 56. § Vol. xxiii., p. 137. 

11 Vol. xxiii., p. 137. IT Page 16. 

** Reliquary, vol. xxiii., p. 137. 



BRADSIIAW HALL AND THE BRADSHAWES. 3T 

Diiffield Hall and the road, were pulled down in 1804. A stone 
commemorating their dedication, in a rhyming acrostic, which 
formed his name, was in 1816 still part of a fence in the pleasure 
grounds at the Hall. " The little monument " still stands in 
the church.* Above it is the Hradshawe coat. " Across its 
centre, between the inscription projier and an acrostic, are the 
small incised effigies, half-length, of himself, his wives and chil- 
dren, distinguished by their resj)ective initials." He created it 
in 1600 to himself, his two wives, and twenty children, but 
before he died, in 16 14, he had added three more children to 
his large family. His two wives were Griselda, daughter and 
heir of Richard Blackwall, of Blackwall, and Elizabeth, daughter 
of Richard Haughton, one of the family of Haughton, of 
Haughton Towers, Co. Lancaster. Several of his twenty-three 
children settled in the neighbourhood, not only at Duffield, but 
at Makeney, Idridgehay and Belper, and the Duffieldf regi.sters 
record their existence during the whole of the seventeenth 
century. His poem| of fifty-four verses on Duffield, one of 
which is quoted in Appendix C, page 53, has been published 
in The Reliquary. He made his will i6th Sept., ir James I. 
It was proved at Lichfield 3rd May, 16 14. He leaves his 
signet ring, furniture, books, and MSS. to his son Jacynth, 
who, with his own wife Elizabeth, is his executor, legacies to 
nephews Henry Hunlock, Francis Bradshawghe of Bradshawghe, 
Esq., Peter Bradshawghe and Henry Bradshawgh, and to John 
Curzon of Kedleston a ring. His children. Peregrine, Cas- 
sandra and Penultima were minors. The other children 
who are mentioned are: — Sons: Joseph, Exuperie, Erasmus, 
Vicesimus, " Jackson and his wife, Dawking and his wife, Crewe 
and his wife"; daughters: Athanasia, Mildred, Brandina, and 
Milicent ; Overseers, H. Hunlock, Thos. Bradshawe, Hy. Brad- 
shawe. 

L — Elizabeth, born 24th August, i533,§ married John 

* Cox's Churches of Derbyshire, vol. iii., p. 138. 

■\ Heliquary, vol. xxiii., p. 1:54. 

X Ibid., p. 6g. 

S Appendix M, p. 62. 



32 BRADSHAW HALL AND THE BRADSHAWES. 

Bagshawe,* by whom she had a son, John, mentioned in his 
unrle Godfrey's entail deed, 1570. 

II. — Margaret, hornf loth July, 1539. 

I. — Godfrey Kradshawe, eldest son and heir, was horn 15th 
September, 1531.+ He is brought upon the scene, before he is 
of age, by the troubles arising from a too early marriage. At 
what date he married Margaret, the daughter of Roger Howe, 
of Ashop, his distant cousin through the Eyres, it is impossible 
to say, but as early as 1550 he and his wife are quarrelling like 
the children they undoubtedly were, and after ineffectual 
attempts " to cause them to continue lovingly together as man 
and wife," their respective parents took the necessary legal pro- 
ceedings to separate them,§ so that each of them might be 
enabled to marry again. After they were divorced Godfrey 
Hradshawe did not go far afield for a second wife, for he married, 
about 1554, Emma, the daughter of Anthony Shalcrosse, of 
Shalcrosse,|| Co. Derby, and Shallcross Hall is not more than 
two miles away. She is mentioned in her brother Leonard's 
will^ as " my sister, Em^ Bradshawe," to whom he left ;^io. 

Soon after the death of Godfrey's father a lease was executed, 
namely, on the 2nd February, 1562, "by Margaret, relict of 
William Bradshawe, of Brad.shawe, tO' Godfrey Bradshawe, her 
son, of her dower in the Ville of Bawdon called Bradshawe, 
and in Turncroft, Co. Derby, as also in Blyda (Blythe), 
Co. Notts." 

In 1568 a lease of lands in " Maynstonfields alias Chynley " 
was executed by him in favour of his brother, Anthony 
Bradshawe. The deed is between Godfrey Bradshawe, of 
Bradshawe, on the one part, and Anthony Bradshawe, of the 
Inner Temple, his brother, on the other part, and Francis 
and Leonard Bradshawe, his own sons, Henry Bradshawe and 
Edward Bradshawe of Tounscroft, are witnesses. 



* Appendix A, p. 50. 

i' Appendix M, p. 62. 

J Ap]iendix M, p. 62. 

§ A])pendix N, p. 

I! Appendix V, p. 71. 

ITDnted 9th Nov., 1603. Proved in P.C.C. inth Feb., 1605. 



BRADSHAW HALL AND THE BRADSHAWES. 33 

A year later, namely, in 1569, a great trouble arose about the 
enclosure of the Chinley lands, and serious riots took place 
there. Godfrey was very roughly handled, and was forced to 
take proceedings against various ])ersons for breaches of the 
peace. An account of the examination held prior to the trial,* 
which took place in the Court of the Star Chamber, was 
transcribed by the writer of this article for the Journal 
in iSgg.f There are in existence several leases of the 
Chinley lands granted by Godfrey, of which one, dated 
February, 1580, is a lease of lands in Chinley to Sir Edward 
Trafford, of Trafford. A special grantj of the Chinley estate 
was made by Godfrey shortly before his death to Francis, his son 
and heir, dated i8th December, 1606. On the loth April, 1570, 
Godfrey executed a deed of entail of Bradshaw on himself for 
life, with remainder to Francis, his eldest son, and then to 
Leonard, Godfrey, Peter, and Henry, his other four sons, in tail 
male, in default to his three brothers, Henry, of Marple, Francis, 
and Anthony, and their issue male, with remainder to his uncle, 
Henry Bradshawe.§ His nephews, Edward Bradshawe and John 
Bradshawe, are the " lawful attorneys." In a list of the principal 
landowners in the Hundred of the High Peak in i57o,|| appear 
the name of Godfrey Bradshawe, of Bradshawe, and that of 
his wife's brother, Leonard Shalcrosse, of Shallcross. On the 
24th April, 1584, "one close called the waste parte of the 
Bradmarshe of the demenes of Bradshawe was granted to 
Anthony Barber by Godfrey and Francis, his son and heir."' 

Godfrey Bradshawe must have died early in the year 1607, 
for on 22nd April in that year letters of administration^ were 
granted by the official of the Dean and Chapter of Lichfield in 
the peculiar jurisdiction of Bakewell to Ottiwell Meller, of 
Tideswell, at the solicitation of Emote Bradshawe, widow of 
Godfrey Bradshawe, of Bradshawe, in Chapel-en-le-Frith, to 
the goods of the said Godfrey. 



*Star Chamber Bills, 1569. tVol. xxi., p. 61. 

t Appendix O, p. 63. § See page 64 note. 

ll Reliquary, vnl. viii., p. 1S9. ^Wnlley Charters, xii., 75. 



34 BRADSHAW HALL AND THE BRADSHAWES. 

Godfrey had issue by Emma, his wife : — 

I. — Francis, his son and heir. 

II. — Leonard, part proprietor of the Chinley Lands in 1568.* 

III. — Godfrey, who bought the manor of Abney in conjunc- 
tion with his eldest brother, Oct., 1593. He married Blanche, 
by whom he left no issue on record. She re-married Alexander 
Glover, of Westminster, in or before i6io.t 

IV. — Peter Bradshawe, who appears by his will to have made 
an immense fortune by trading in what were called Manchester 
goods, taking, latterly, as partner his nephew George. | There is 
a petition in the Calendar of State Papers, dated 2nd July, 
i6o9,§ from Sir Peter Bradshawe and others to Lord Salisbury 
concerning the stay in assigning an extended lease of their farm in 
Chinley, alias Maystonfield, which they purchased ; but there 
appears no other evidence that he was ever knighted. He|| 
seems to have been ejected from these Chinley lands by 
James I. in 1622, who, for a considerable sum of money, 
granted them to two " London gentlemen." He boughtH the 
manor of Litton, near Eyam, 1620, which was sold by his 
descendants in 1686. 

He made his will 23rd May, 1625,** devising property in 
Ulster in Ireland, Duffield, Bonsall, Castleton, Eerneylee, 
Coombs, and Bentley Mills, and other estates in Derbyshire, 
besides property in Staffordshire, Leicestershire, and London. 
He left his personalty to his wife, Amy, sister of John Johnson, 
and Lady Burd, and to his children, Edward, Peter, Francis, 
Paul, Thomas, William, and Elizabeth. He died Sept., 1630.^ 
(i) Edward, his son and heir, inherited the manor of 
Litton, tt and although he fled from Litton when the plague 

* Archaological Journal, vol. xxi., p. 61. 

t Deed quoted, p. 38. X f'fige 43- 

§ Reliquary, vol. x., p. 107. 

II Reliquary, vol. ii., p. 146. 

\ Lyson, p. 279. 

*'' Glover's Hist, of Derbysh., vol. ii., p. 219. 

tt Edward Bradshawe, in a lease (Wolley Charters, xi., 8), in which he is 
described as "ofGraie's Inn," in conjunction with Peter, Francis, Paul, Thomas 
and William Bradshawe, his brothers, sons of Peter Bradshawe, deceased, 
granted the Manor of Litton to John Bradshawe and William Ellis, of Graie's 
^nn, for five hundred years, at a pepper-corn rent. This is dated 24th May, 
1640, and was no doul)t for the purpose of a settlement. 



BRADSHAW HALL AND THE BRADSHAWES. 35 

visiteiJ Eyam, following the widow of his cousin George 
Bradshawe to the neighbourhood of Brampton, Co. York, 
yet he died, by the irony of fate, that same year, in his 
"City of Refuge," December, 1665. S.P* 

(2) Peter had the lease of Duffield Mill assigned to him 
in 1632. 

(3) Francis, alive in 1638.1 

(4) Paul, concerned in the trial of the Chinley rioters, 
inherited Bonsall Mill under his father's will. 

(5) Thomas. 1 ., , . , • r , . 1, 
' Mentioned m their lather s will, 

May, 1625. 





(6) William. 




(7) Elizabeth. 


V.- 


- Henry, tt 


I.— 


- Amy.tt 


II.- 


- Grace. tt 


III. 


—Mary.tt 



IV.— Bridget, tt 

V. — Ellen married — Ash, by whom she had i.ssue named 
in their Cousin Francis's will, 1632.I 

(i) Francis Bradshawe, the eldest son and heir, was born 
17th February,§ 1555-6, probably at Bradshaw. He married 
Anne, one of the four daughters and co-heiresses of Humphrey 
Stafford, of Eyam, the last heir male of a family who had been 
landowners in Eyam from the time of King John.|| Her father 
being dead, she was at this time in the wardship of RoberlH Eyre, 
of Edale, who had received her from the guardianship of George, 
Earl of Shrewsbury. The marriage must have taken place when 
both Francis and Anne were young children, a custom by no 
means unusual theri. Indeed, he was little more than nine 
years of age, for his father's covenant with Robert Eyre, dated 
1 2th April, 1565, obliged him not only to settle on his son the 
Bradshaw estate, but also to carry out the marriage on or before 



•Appendix Y2, p. 72. + Appendix T, p. 66. 

tt Appendix A, p. 50. tAi)pendix -S, p. 65. 

§ Appendix M, p. 62. 

II Archaological Journal, vol. xxiii., p. 83, in which the correct date 
of the marriage, 1565, has, by a clerical error, been put ten years ton early. 
II Appenflix I', p. 63. 



36 BRADSHAW HALL AND THE 13RADSHAWES. 

the 7th May next. Probably the exact day was 4th May, 1565, 
this being the date of the receipt of " three score and ten 
pounds "' which was paid by Godfrey Bradshawe to Robert Eyre. 

In 1568, a deed was executed to enable Francis Bradshawe 
and Anne, his wife, peaceably to enjoy a fourth part of the 
lanfls lately the inheritance of Humphrey Stafford, and on the 
]oth September, 12 Elizabeth (1569), an order was made by 
George, Earl of Shrewsbury, Lord of the Manor of Eyam, 
binding Godfrey Bradshawe " to assure to his eldest son Francis 
all his lands after his death to him and his heirs male," certain 
arrangements being made with respect to the lands the latter 
acquired with his wife. 

In 1575, a bond was signed with respect to the division of 
the Stafford estate by John Savage, Rowland Eyre, and Row- 
land Morewood, the respective husbands of Alice, Gertrude, and 
Katherine, the other three daughters and co-heirs of Humphry 
Stafford. 

There is no evidence to show what became of the two 
children after their early marriage. It may be presumed that 
the husband went to school, and that his wife either went back 
to her guardian, or, more probably, lived with her husband's 
parents. Nothing more appears with respect to their joint 
lives until 8th January, 18 Elizabeth (1576),* when an arrange 
ment was made by which Eyam Hall and its lands, the old 
re.iidence of the Stafforda, was settled upon the young couple 
and their eldest ron, and as in the original deed, the place for 
the Christian name of their son and heir is left blank, it may 
be presumed either that he was not as yet born, or — -and this 
is perhaps the more probable explanation^ — that he had not 
been at that time baptized. Eyam Hall thus became the resi- 
dence of Francis Bradshawe and his wife. 

As regards the right which his wife had in the manor of 
Rowland, in Great Longstone, Francis Bradshawe received, on 
19th April, 1578,1 ;£6o from Rowland Eyre, to whom John 



* Appendix Q, page 64. 

\ Reliqiiarv, vol. x., p. 236. 



BRADSHAW HALL AND THE BRADSHAWES. 37 

Manners, whu seems to have had the duty of dividing the 
estates of Humphrey Stafford, had apportioned that manor as 
part of the share of his wife Gertrude. 

In conjunction with his brother, Godfrey Bradshawe, Francis, 
in October, 1593, bought the manor and township of Abney, in 
the parish of Hope, which joined his wifes estates. The deed 
of conveyance is dated i6th October, 35 Queen EUzabeth, and 
made between Nicholas Bagshawe, of Farewell, Co. Stafford, 
of the one part, and Godfrey Bradshawe, of London, and Francis 
Bradshawe, of Eyam, of the other part. Among the witnesses 
are the names of Peter and Anthony Bradshawe, William 
Simpson, and George and Rowland Eyre. Under date 28th 
June, 1604, there is an item of receipt, called a pardon, for the 
subsidies collected for James I. paid by Francis Bradshawe, 
of Eyam." The fine on inheriting the estates at his father's 
death is dated 5 James I., 1607. 

In 16 10,* he was engaged with the settlements on the marriage 
of his eldest son and heir to Barbara, daughter of Sir John 
Davenport, of Davenport, Co. Chester. After this date history 
is curiously silent with respect to his life in consequence of 
the non-existence of any original deeds or MSS. between 16 10 
and 1619. Even the approximate date of his death cannot be 
ascertained, and he appears to have died intestate, as there 
are no signs of a will in any of the possible Probate Courts. 
He probably died at Eyamt where he had lived. + He left issue 
by Anne Stafford, his wife, who was dead in 1606: — I 

I. — Francis, eldest son and heir. 

II. — Humphry, named in his brothers deed of entail, 161 9, 
probably dead before 1635. S.P. 

III. — Godfrey, probably dead in 1619, had a daughter and 
heir, Frances, § who married Samuel Orton, of London, gentle- 
man, and was found in the Inq. p.m. of her uncle Francis to 
be his legal heir. 

IV. — George, eventual heir to his brother Francis. 



*\Volley Charters, xii., 87 and 89. 

t The earliest entry in the Eyam Registers is that of the death of Robert 
Tallxjt, Rector, 20 Aiigt, 1630. 

J Appendix O, p. 63. § Appendix T, p. 66. 



38 BRADSHAW HALL AND THE BRADSHAWES. 

V. — Anthony.* 
VI.— Rowland* 
VII.— William.* 

I. — Lucyt married Nicholas Cresswell, of Ford Hall, near 
Chapel-en-le-Frith, by whom she had Francis and Barbara, 
named in their Uncle"s will.t Marriage settlement,! dated 24th 
September, 1621, of Nicholas, son and heir-apparent of Anthony 
Cresswell, of Ford, gentleman, and Lucy, sister of Francis 
Bradshawe, of Bradshawe, Esq., ^160 settled. 

II. — A daughter married to — Stephenson, by whom she had 
a son, John,t and two daughters, mentioned in their uncle 
Francis' will, 1632. 

III. — A daughter, married to — Bennett, by whom she had 
Francist and Barbara, mentioned in their uncle's will, 1632. 

IV. — A daughter, married — Buxton, by whom she had 
Simont and Anne, mentioned in their uncles will, 1632. 

I. — Francis Bradshawe, eldest son and heir, was probably born 
in January,§ 1576, and at Eyam, in which place his father, 
Francis the elder, so far as can be ascertained, spent the 
whole of his life, living, as before explained, in the old Hall, 
the residence of his wife's ancestors. As only three years 
intervened between the death of Godfrey Bradshawe and the 
marriage of his eldest graJidson, it seems more than probable 
that Francis the elder, not caring to leave Eyam on his father's 
death, gave up Bradshaw Hall to his son Francis on his marriage 
in 1610. 

On the 19th May, 8 James I. (1610), Francis Bradshawe, the 
younger, was in London, as in an Indenture bearing that date 
he is described as of the Inner Temple. This indenture, which 
is between himself and Alexander Glover, of Westminster, and 
Blanche, wife of the latter, and " late wife to Godfrey Bradshaw," 
is a conveyance of land in Abney which Francis Bradshawe 

* Appendix V, p. 71. 

t Appendix S, p. 65. 

i: Original in possession of W. N. G. Bagshawe, Esq., of Ford Hall. 

§ Appendix Q, p. 64. 



BRADSHAVV HALL AND THE BRADSHAWES. 39 

bought frum the widow of his late uncle Godfrey and her second 
husband, and was that portion of the manor of Abney which had 
Ijelonged to his uncle, and which had been settled by the latter 
on his wife Blanche and their heirs male on the 20th August, 
3 James I. (1606). 

In an indenture* dated 30th September, 8 James I. (1610), 
" Francis Bradshawe senr of Eyam Co. Derby in consideration 
of a marriage between Francis Bradshawe junr his son and heir 
to Barbara Davenport daughter of John Davenport of Daven- 
port Co. Chester Esqr agrees to enfeof Sr Richard Wilbraham 
of Woodye Co. Chester Knt and the said John in lands in 
Abney Hope Eyam Foolowe and elsewhere in Co. Derby 
together with the mansion house of Bradshawe and lands in 
Chapel-in-le-Frith and Bowden." This marriage probably took 
place on that day, or certainly on or before loth October fol- 
lowing, which is the date of a leaset for 40 years of the manor 
of Abney at the rent of a peppercorn, granted by Francis 
Bradshawe, junr., of Eyam, Co. Derby, to his father, Francis 
Bradshawe, sen., of the same place, in fulfilment of an agreement 
made previously to his marriage with Barbara his wife. On the 
loth June, 1619,! he executed a deed of entail of his 
various estates on his brother and other relations. This same 
date, namely, 1619, is carved under his own and his wife's 
initials on a stone which was found many years ago under the 
stairs at Bradshaw, and probably either formed part of an 
old* archway now demolished, which, says tradition, used to be 
the entrance into the terraced gardens below the hall, or, as 
is suggested on page 7, was over the original porch entrance. 
The date is probably that of the completion of the hall, which 
he must have been for some time engaged in rebuilding, but of 
which there is no documentary proof. The place which gave 
him and his wife shelter during the process is a matter for 
speculation. The old hall at Eyam may very probably have 
been their home at that time, and this, too, during his father's 

*Wolley Charters, xii. 87. 
t WoUey Charters, xii. 8g. 
X Appendix R, p. 64. 



40 BRADSHAW HALL AND THE BRADSHAWES. 

lifetime. Over the old gateway at Bradshaw, which is in good 
preservation, his own name and the date (1620) have been 
car\'ed on the side facing the Hall over a shield, on which is 
a curious device which has jjuzzled every modern student of 
heraldry who has seen it. Lord Hawkesbur)', who has recently 
been kind enough to search into the question, is of opinion 
that it is a badge or cognizance, and Mr. P. Carlyon-Britton, 
of London, adds that he should describe it as " a thorn between 
six nails." With this assistance, a possible solution suggests 
itself, which, if correct, is at least amusing. That the device 
is a rebus on the name Bradshawe, viz., six nails for the 
plural " Brads,' a species of nail, and the thorn for the old 
EngHsh " Haw,"' hence Brads-haw. This suggests a further 
possibility, viz., whether the scroll of foliage surrounding the 
shield may not be a spray of barberry, the whole being in 
honour of Barbara Bradshawe, whose name would thus appro- 
priately follow that of her husband, as her initials did upon 
the stone of the previous year. This would account for the 
otherwise curious absence on the main gateway of any reference 
to her. We must not forget in this relation the acrostic of 
Anthony Bradshawe at Duffield. On the outer side of the gate- 
way is a shield, bearing a coat-of-arms, as follows : — 

Argent, two bendlets between two martlets sable (Bradshawe). 
Impaling, or, a chevron, gules, between three martlets, sable 
(Stafford), with crest above, a stag at gaze proper under a vine 
tree, fruited, proper (Bradshawe). 

The tricking of the arms bears the impress of the work of an 
amateur. The Stafford arms, borne by his mother as an heiress, 
ought to have been quartered by Francis Bradshawe, with the 
Bradshawe arms on the dexter shield ; while the Davenport arms, 
as borne by his wife, should have been impaled. 

This error has misled genealogists into a supposition that the 
hall and arch were built by his father. This, however, would 
not help matters, for apart from the initials and date on the 
stone found in the cellar, which proves that the Francis who 
married Barbara built the hall, his father's coat ought to have 




A, Victor Haslaui. 

Bradshaw Hall Gateway, South Side. 



BRADSHAW HALL AND THE BRADSHAWES. 4 1 

borne the Stafford arms on a scutcheon of pretence, and thus 
they would not be impaled. 

The 8th of May, 1622, is the date of a receipt of ^5 "paid 
by Francis Bradshawe, Esq., for a voluntary contribution to 
the king ' (James I.). It is signed by Thomas Gilbert, col- 
lector. On the 27th September, 1624, a note was made of the 
amount of land which lay between an enclosure of Thomas 
Moult and the Router Field, in Chinley, and among the respec- 
tive owners of such land, the names of " Mr. Bradshawe de Brad- 
shaw " and " Mr. Bradshawe de Marple " occur. Francis bought, 
20th October, 4 Charles I. (1628), a farm in Abney for ^iio 
from Sir Thomas Foljamb, Bart., of Walton, Co. Derby, and a 
few days later a lease is granted by him to Sir Thos. Foljambe, 
of the Manor of Abney. 

In the deed of conveyance Henry Bradshawe, the younger, is 
named as attorney, and in the lease he is described as Henry 
Bradshawe, " of Bradshaw." A possible e.xplanation of this is 
that, in conjunction with him, Francis Bradshawe was then 
commencing proceedings to bar the entail on his property. 
The usual fictitious sale was made, in this instance, by 
Bargain and Sale, dated nth May, 1630, to Henry Bradshawe 
of all the Derbyshire estates, a recover}- was suffered, and, 
finally, by a deed dated 20th November following, it was 
declared by Henry Bradshawe and the parties to the Recovery 
that the " true intent and meaning " of the Bargain and Sale, 
and of the Recovery, were, that the estates should " be seized 
to the onlie use and behouf of the said Francis Brad.shawe 
his heirs and assigns for ever." Thus Francis Bradshawe, 
from being the tenant in tail, became absolute owner. 

This course would enable him, if necessary, to raise whatever 
funds were required for the rebuilding of the old hall at Eyam, 
and the expense which would be entailed by him in serving 
the office of High Sheriff for the county, which office he held 
during the year (1630-1), succeeding Sir John Stanhope, of 
Flvaston, Knt.* He appointed as his Under-SherifT John 

* Glover's History of Derbyshire, vol. i., AjJiiendix, ]>. 21. 



42 BRADSHAW HALL AND THE BRADSHAWES. 

Jackson, of Stansoj), Co. Stafford, gentleman, to which appoint- 
ment Edward Pegg, of Ashbourne, Robert Hume, and German 
Buxton are witnesses. He was succeeded as High Sheriff by 
Humphrey Oakover, of Oakover. 

During his year of office he lost his wife, who was buried* in 
the chancel of the church of Chapel-en-le-Frith, i8th September, 
1631, under the name of " Barbara Bradshawe the wife of 
Francis Bradshawe of Bradshawe Esq'' High Sheriff for this 
countie this yeare." 

On the 31st July, 1632, he married,* at Chapel-en-le-Frith, 
Lettice Clarke, widow, " stepdaughter of Sir Harvey 
Bagott, Knt."' She was the eldest daughter of Sir Thomas 
Dilke, of Maxstoke Castle, Co. Warwick, by Anna, widow of 
Clement Fisher, f of Packington Magna, Co. Warwick. On 
the 24th day of January, 8 Charles I., 1632, a deed was 
executed between him and Peter Bradshawe, second son of 
Peter Bagshawe, late citizen and Merchant Tailor, of London, 
by which the assignment of " Dufiield Miln, held under the 
Duchy of Lancashire by Elizabeth, late wife and executrix of 
Anthony Bradshawe, of DuflSeld, was made over to Francis 
Bradshawe, one of her husband's executors, and from him to 
Peter Bradshawe, jun'', according to his father's will dated 
23rd May, 1625." The deed quotes many former owners of 
Duflfield Mill. 

Francis Bradshawe died 25th March, 1635,* and was buried 
in the chancel of the church at Chapel-en-le-Frith 27th March. 
His will made J 3rd September, 1632, left two-thirds of his 
residue to his brother George, and one-third to his widow. To 
his nephews and nieces he leaves legacies, and it is perhaps not 
remarkable, under the circumstances, that many of them are 
named after their wealthy and childless uncle Francis and aunt 
Barbara. 

To Frances, the daughter and heir of his brother Godfrey, 
he devises an estate in Cheshire, and she is found to be his 



* Registers. t Visit of Warwickshire Harl. Soc, p. 217. 

* Appendix S, p. 65. 




m 



BRADSHAW HALL AND THE BRADSHAWES. 43 

heir at his inquisition* post mortem, though, considering that 
her uncle George succeeded to the real property and divided 
the residue with the widow, it is doubtful whether she profited 
much by her legal position. 

An inventory! of the contents of Bradshaw Hall was taken 
after his death, on the 30th March and 3rd of September, 1635. 
His widow appears to have lived on there till 1637-8, j but soon 
after that date she married as her third husband Sir John 
Pate, of Sisonby, Co. Leicester, who was created a baronet 
1643, '1''"-^ ^^^^ ^652,§ aged 67, leaving two daughters his 
co-heirs. Bradshaw was never again occupied by its owners, 
and appears to have been let as early as 1637, for on 15th 
October in that year the registers state that " Lettice Wigstone 
daughter of Mr. Thomas Wigstone of the Bradshawe was 
baptized." He, probably, was related to Mrs. Bradshawe, but 
in 1640 Nicholas Lomas died there, who must have been a 
tenant. 

IV. — George Bradshawe, the fourth son of Francis Bradshawe 
and Anne Stafford, succeeded to the estates on the death of his 
brother, Francis Bradshawe. || He was born 7th August, 1587,11 
probably at Eyam. From ist January, 1620, to ist January, 
1627,** he was in partnership with his uncle, Peter Bradshawe, 
merchant in cloth, and other " Manchester goods.' Their ware- 
house was in St. Augustine's, in London. During that time, 
however, he was constantly engaged in personally managing the 
estates which his uncle had bought in Ulster, in Ireland. He 
also made two journeys thither in 1628 and 1629, after the 
termination of the partnership, besides one in the interests 
of the widow after his uncle's death, which occurred in 
September, 1630. While in Ireland he evidently met and 
married his wife, who is described in the "Visitation 
of Derbyshire,!! 1634 (which is signed by himself, for 

* Appendi.x T, p. 66. f Appendix U, p. 66. % Appernlix T, p. 66. 
§ Nicholls' History of Leicestershire, vol. ii., pt. i, p. 823. 
II Appendix X, p. 71. 
IT Bible belonjjing to Geor^'e Bradshawe, destroyed in the fire of Dec, 

1901. 
** Appendix \V, p. 71. tt Appendix V, p. 71. 



44 BRADSHAW HALL AND THE BRADSHAWES. 

his brother, who was then probably on his deathbed), as 
being Elizabeth, daughter of Sir Hugh Culham, of Ireland. 
In his Bible, till lately in the possession of the writer, the date 
of his birth was followed by these words : " I did marrie ray 
wyfe y« 12''' daie of Marche 1626." The baptism of his 
eldest son is recorded in the registers of Chapel-en-le-Frith, 
on joth February, 1630, as "Francis the son of George Brad- 
shawe gent, and his wife of the forde, born the 17th day of 
Feby." It must be assumed, therefore, that either he and his 
wife were staying with his brother-in-law, Nicholas Cresswell, the 
owner of Ford Hall, or that the Hall had been lent or let to 
them for that special event. I'here api)ears no actual proof 
that he had any settled home until after his brother's death, 
1635, but as his daughter Mary was buried at Eyam, 1633,* it 
is more than probable that he then had already taken up his 
abode in the old hall of his mother's family, where his father 
had lived, where he was probably born, and where he most 
certainly eventually lived and died. It is not at all improbable, 
as before suggested, t that about the year 1630 Eyam Old Hall 
was being rebuilt, which would be during the period he was 
living at P'ord Hall, as there are proofs that tradition is correct 
in its statement that the old Hall of the Staffords was pulled 
down and rebuilt by a member of the Bradshawe family. 

On the nth July, 12 Charles I. (1636), he executed deeds of 
settlement of the Abney and other estates. Among the parties 
to the settlements are " Henry Bradshawe the younger, son and 
heir-apparent of Henry Bradshawe the elder of Marple, and 
John Bradshawe, the younger brother of the said Henry, and 
Philip Cullum of London, Merchant Tailor." Of these, as 
before remarked, John Bradshawe became the notorious Presi- 
dent of the High Court which sent King Charles to the scaffold. 
His well-known neat signature taken from this deed is placed 
beneath his portrait, which appears as the frontispiece to this 
volume. Philip Cullum was probably his wife's brother. In 
a deed dated 16th June, 16 Charles I. (1640), he settled on 
his nephew, John Stephenson, " all his lands in Hope Eyam 

* Registers. t Page 41. 



BRADSHAW HALL AND THE BRADSHAWES. 45 

Glossop Folowe Hucklowe and Chinley and elsewhere in the 
County of Derl>y especially naming ' the Messuage or chief 
Mansion House at Eyam wherein the said George now dwelleth ' 
in trust for his wife during her life and afterwards for the use 
of Francis Bradshawe his son and heire.' 

In his will, made 17th June, 1646,* proved by his widow in 
London, 21st November, 1646,* he leaves certain lands and 
tenements to Peter, his second son, with remainder to " Francke 
Bradshawe, his son and heir." To the said Francis Brad- 
shawe he bequeaths " all the reste and residue of his mannors 
mansion houses capital messuages farmes tenements cottages 
milne lands etc. within the Realme of England," and he is to 
pay, subject to the settlements made upon his mother, the 
portions bequeathed to his father's " younger children, Peter, 
Anne, Mary, and Elizabeth, which portions are to be increased 
at the death of Lettice, now wife of John Pate, Esq." 

To Francis he specially bequeaths " his silver Bason and Ure 
and his two silver Flaggons,t saving that Elizabeth wife of the 
testator is to have the use of them at his Mansion house at 
Eyam during her natural life." To her he leaves his dozen 
silver plates. To his sister, Lucy Cresswell, ^5, and to each 
of his servants 15s. His wife and eldest son are appointed 
executors and residuary legatees. He names as his overseers 
" My noble friend and father-in-law ^ Michael Joanes of Lincoln's 
Inn Esqr. and my loving cousins Henry Bradshawe the younger 
and John Bradshawe Esqr. of Grayes Inn his brother." 
Thos. Bray and Nicholas Cresswell witness his signature. 
The will is endorsed with an acquittance by John Garland to 
John Bradshawe, Esq., for ^300, bequeathed to his wife Mary, 
daughter of the testator. 

He died soon after the will was made, and was buried at 
Eyam,§ probably in the chapel of St. Helen, the burial-place of 
his Stafford ancestors, on 25th June, 1646. 
. By Elizabeth his wife, daughter of Sir Hugh Cullum, who 

* Wolley Charters, xii., 91. 

t These nre also specially mentioned in Francis' will, Dec, 1659. 

X This suggests that Lady Culiiam had remarried. § Registers. 



46 BRADSHAW HALL AND THE BRADSHAWES. 

died 9th November, 1677,* and who was buried in Treeton 
church, Co. York, he had — 

I.— Francis, his heir, born at Ford Hall,t near Chapel-en-le- 
Frith, at the house of his uncle, Nicholas Cresswell, 17th 
February, 1630-31. He was married at Kraithwell, Co. York, 
20th January, J 652,* to Elizabeth, elder daughter and co-heir 
of John Vesey, of Brampton, Co. York.| He held a great 
Court Baron of the Manor of Abney, as Lord of the Manor, 
20th October, 1654. He died 21st December, i659,§ leaving 
issue — -(i) Francis, horn at Brampton, i.st April, 1654,11 for 
whom, during his minority, his mother held a Great Court 
Baron of the Manor of Abney, October, 1664, and again in 
October, 1669. He died unmarried 29th December, 1677, and 
was buried in Treeton Church. H (2) John, born at Brampton, || 
27th June, 1656, successor to his brother. 

n. — Peter, baptized at Eyam 4th February, 1640-1 ;t buried 
there 13th September, 1655. 

HI. — " Cullum,"t buried 12th August, 1638, "son of Mr. 
George Bradshawe Bapt. in Dec"" last." 

I. — Anne, married at Eyamf 20th April, 1665, to Rev. Michael 
Adams, rector of Treeton, Co. York; died, S.P., 2 7lh** January, 
1665-6, and was buried in Treeton Church. In the marriageft 
licence her age is stated to be 23 and his 27, in November, 1664. 

n. — Mary,t buried at Eyam, 28th September, 1633. 

ni. — Elizabeth,! baptized at Eyam, 23rd May, 1635 ; buried 
there, 19th November, 1637. 

IV. — Mary,t baptized at Eyam, 19th November, 1639; 
married, probably at Treeton Church, John:j;:S: Garland, of 
Todwick, Co. York; died 20th October, 1681, and was buried 
in Todwick Church, leaving one daughter, Elizabeth, who died 
unmarried 20th November, 1683. 

V. — Elizabeth,! baptized at Eyam, 14th June, 1646; buried 



* Appendix Y, 3, p. 72. t Registers. 

J For a History of the Family of Vesey seated at Brampton, Co. York, 
from the year 1320, see Yorkshire Archaolot^ical Journal, vol. xvii., part 66 ; 
also Hunter's South Yorkshire, vol. ii., p. 170. 

§ Ajipendix Y, 4, p. 72. 

^ Appendix Y, 4, p. 72. ft Faculty Office, H rl. Soc, xxiv., p. ?4. 

II Bradshaw Bible. ** Appendix Y, I, p. 72. 

tt Familioe Minorum gentium (Hunter). Harl. Soc, p. 1074. 



BRADSHAW HALL AND THE BRADSHAWES. 47 

there 23rd May, 1647. Entry in the Bible, "Elizabeth Brad- 
shawe was borne the 6''' daye of June 1646, about tenne of the 
clocke aforenoone and was Chryssened the 14''' daye." 

Mrs. Bradshawe, after her widowhood, continued to live 
at Eyam. In the following May her youngest daughter, who 
had been born three weeks before her fathers death, died, 
under a year old. Five years later, namely, 20th January, 1652, 
her eldest .son, Francis Bradshawe, married Elizabeth, the eldest 
daughter and co-heir, with her sister Sarah, of John Vesey, of 
Brampton, Co. York. This was undoubtedly the first step 
which eventually led to the final abandonment by the Brad- 
shawes of a Derbyshire home. Bradshaw Hall was probably 
let,* and Eyam Hall had been left to his mother for life, so 
he was forced to find another home for himself and his wife, 
and he found it with his widowed mother-in-law at Brampton, 
Co. York, in the old hall, which for over three centuries had 
been the residence and property of the Veseys, and which 
eventually formed part of his wife's possessions. There he 
lived, and there he died. 

This marriage had doubtless been brought about by the 
presentation, in 1642, of the living of Treeton, Co. York, in 
which parish was Brampton, to the Rev. Shoreland Adams, the 
rector of Eyam, Co. Derby. It is not unnatural to suppose that 
the two families living at the hall and at the rectory were 
closely associated, and that their friendship was not broken 
by the departure of the rector for Treeton, a village not far 
distant from Sheffield. Not only did Francis Bradshawe, how- 
ever, in visiting his old friends, find a wife in that neighbourhood, 
but his eldest sister, Anne, found there a husband in her old 
companion, Michael Adams, the son of the late rector of Eyam, 
which marriage took place at Eyam, 20th April, 1665, just 
four months before the plague broke out, which swept through 
the village with such dire resultst ; indeed, the record of their 

* I'age 43. 

t \N oocPs History of Eyam. 



48 BRADSHAW HALL AND THE BRADSHAWES. 

marriage is the first entry on that page of the registers, in the 
middle of which begins the pitiful proof of the destniction it 
wrought. Her experience of married life was but short, for she 
died the following January.* 

Tradition relates that on the first appearance of the plague 
in Eyam Mrs. Bradshawe, with Mary, her only svirviving child, 
fled from the village. Nor is this improbable, though there is 
no absolute proof beyond the fact that she lies buried in 
Treeton church, having died 9th November, 1677.! In any 
ca.se, she would most naturally have been with her daughter 
Anne at the rectory in January, 1666,* when her first child was 
born, and which event ended so pathetically and so fatally. 
Imagination easily fills in the last ten years of her life; that, 
when she had seen her eldest daughter laid to re.st in Treeton 
church, she lived on at the rectory with her widowed son-in-law 
until his re-marriage, | and that then she was unwilling to 
return, a solitary old woman, to the home at Eyam, which from 
that time, like the hall at Bradshaw, was forsaken by its 
owners. She probably from henceforth made her home at 
Brampton, and having seen her youngest and only surviving 
daughter, Mary, married, interested herself in the bringing u]) 
of her three grandchildren until her death, which occurred only 
seven weeks before that of her eldest grandson, Francis 
Bradshawe, on whose death, in December, 1677, the estates 
devolved on John Bradshawe, his only brother and heir. In 
April, 1683, John Bradshawe held the Great Court Baron of 
the Manor of Abney, and a year later he bought more land 
in the county of Derby, at Great Hucklow, which is two miles 

* Appendix Y, I, p. 72. 

t Appendix Y, 3, p. 72. 

J He left at his death, 27th Dec, 1680, a wife and seven children. 
Overtaken by a storm at Brassington, co. Derby, he perished, and was 
buried there, and the curious inscription on a brass tablet to his memory 
in that church has been recorded by Dr. Cox in his Derbyshire Churches, 
vol. ii., ]i. 445. 



BRADSHAW HALL AND THE BRADSHAWES. 40 

from Al.ney. He exerule.l a lease nf Bradshaw Hall an.l 
lands for twenty-one years to John Lowe, ,8th Otober ,69. 
The hail had been let by his mother during the minority ^f 
his brother. .3nd May, r66o, for fourteen vears, to Edward 
Ash an.l Thomas Wright. Land railed Pleasleys, in Char.el- 
en-le-Frith, was let by him, March, ,716, to Jasper Fryth 

In 1717, he was High Sheriff for the county of Derby He 
rhe.l :n November,* .7.6, having left by his wife Dorothv 
'laughter of Anthony Eyre, of Rampton, Co. Xotts., the descend 
.lant and representative of the Eyres of Hope, Co. Derby 
whom he had married :5th July,* ,680, (,) George, his .son and 
he.r, and (.) Elizabeth, who married, ,706, Joshua GalHard of 
Bury Hall, in Edmonton, Co. Middlesex, and whose son Pierce 
eventually succeeded to the estates. George Bradshawe was 
ai.pon.ted Recorder of Doncaster December, 1707, where he 
'hed, 23rd December, X735. He was buried in the old parish 
church, now destroyed by fire, in which his widow put up a 
monumentt in his memory. On his death, intestate, the whole 
o the estates were inherited by his nephew, Pierce Galliard, 
nf Bmy Hall, in Edmonton, Co. Middlesex, as heir- 
at-law. Pierce was the eldest .son of his sister Elizabeth 
Galhard, and it is through his daughter and co-heir that the 
estates were transmitted to the present owner and represen- 
tative of this family. 

It is a curious coincidence that the last official act of George 
the last Bradshawe, of Bradshaw, of which there is any evidence' 
was three months before his death to execute a lease, dated r3th 
September ,735, for eleven years to Robert Low and John 
Jackson of the old hall of his ancestors, in which it is described 
as all that capital messuage with the appurtenances lyinc. 
and be„.g in the parish of Chapel-en-le-Frith commonly called 
oi^known by the name of Bradshaw Hall." 



* Registers. 
t Appendix Z, p. 72. 
4 



5° 



ISRADSIIAW HALL AND THE BRAD5HAWES. 



APPENDIX A. 
PEDIGREES FROM THE HARLEIAN MSS. 

The ])e(1igrees of Bradshawe of Bradshaw in Flower's Viulaticn of 
Derbyshire, taken in 1569,* and in that of St. Georgef (Norrov) taken 
in 1611-12, both among the Harleian MSS., are much the same. Tlie 
following is compiled mainly from Flower's Visitation of 1569. 



John Bradshawe = Cicely, daughter of 
I Thomas Foljanib. 



William Bradshawe = Elizabeth, John, 

I daughter of 2nd son 

] — Kyrke. 



Henry Bradshawe = Elizabeth Eyre. 



ohn Pradshawe, 
eldest son. 

I 
Richard, 
D.S.P. 



AVilliam= Margaret, 
daughter of 
Christopher 
Clayton. 



I 

Elsabeth, 

married 

John 

Bagshawe. 



Elizabeth 

married 

-Bruckshaw. 



Anie, 
D.S.P. 



Margaret. Godfrey, = Emma, 

eldest 1 daughter of 
son. I Anthony 
I Shalcro.s.se. 



Henry 



: Dorothy 
Bagshavv. 



Francis, 
3rd son. 
Anthony, 
4th son. 



Grace, Amy, Henry, Leonard, 
2nd eldest 5th 2nd son. 
daur. daur. son. 



I I ! I I I 

Francis = Anna, Godfrey, Peter, Mary, Bridget, 4th 

Brad- daur. and 3rd son. 4th son. 3rd daur. 

shawe, co heir of daur. Ellen, 5th 

son Humphrey daur. 

and .Stafford, 

heir. of Eyani. 



APPENDIX B. 
BRADSHAWES OF Co. STAFFORD. 

John Bradshawe, the second son of John de Bradshawe, living al Lichfield 
in 1429, was not the first member of the family to have made a settlement 
in .Staffordshire. Thomas and John de BradshaweJ are mentioned as early 
as 1345 in that county. William de Bradshawe, § son of Henry, 

*Harl. MSS. 886, f. 14. 

t Ibid., 1093, f. 6ii. 

t Historical Collection of Staffordshire, Wm. Salt Society, vol. xii., 

P- 

p. q2. 



122. 

§ Ibid ., vol. \iii. 



BRADSHAW HALL AND THE BRADSHAWES. 51 

46 Edward III. (1373) was found to be the heir, through his -rand- 
mother, of Richard Lord. He or another* William is mentioned as livin" 
in II Henry IV. Roger de Bradshaghf was living 34 Edwar.l HI (1361)" 
and he or another Roger, of the county of Stafford, bv marrying J 
Derbyshire heiress, as will be seen below, acquired an interest 'in the 
county of Derby, and was returned as Member for the .ShireJ in 8 Henry IV 
1407, as was Thomas Bradshawe in 145 1. ' 

Roger Bradshawe,§ an.l Elizabeth, his wife, John Dethick, and Mar- 
garet h.s wife, Reginald Dethick and Thomasia, his wife, daughters of 
Ralph, the son of Hugh Meynil, held the manor of Longley Meynil 
CO. Derby, as heirs to Hugh Meynill, deceased. 

In II Henry IV.|| (,4x0) the name of Roger, the son of John de 
Bradshawe and Elena, his wife, occurs in the recovery of iand in Bolurton, 
CO. Stafford. ' ' 

In a fine during the Easter Term, i. Henry IV. ,1411), Ni,holas 
Bradshawe is complainant, and Roger Bradshawe and Elizabeth, his wife 
are deforcients of the Manor of Langley, four parts of the Manors ol 
Newehall, -^erelay, and Helvngton, co. Derby, and of places in ,he 
counties of Leicester, Stafford, and Worcester 

J^U^^'T'^l "iT'^ ' """" ""'■ <'^'^'' ^"«" B-J^hawe, armiger, 
and Richard Bradshawe and Richard, hi. son, were the administrator 
of the goods and chattels of Nicholas Bradshawe, armiger, who died 

D:r:i:ire. ""^ ^"^' '°^ " ^■^•^ ^""«'^>- -^ -^^ p'-- .« 

wal"livin"'"'^' ^''' '''*'^''** ^^"''"'' "'" "' J"''" ^^'^''^^hawe, of Leek, 
In 39 Elizabeth (1597)^ John Bradshawe and Kather.ne, his wife were 
hving at -\ewc.istle.under.Lyne; and John Bradshawe and Alice, his wife, 
at «nrton-on-Trent two years later. 

APPENDIX C. 

BRADSHAWE, OF WVNDLEY (NEAR DUFFIELD), CHESTFR- 

HELD, TIDESWELL, AND WIRKSWORTH 

Bralut.t "fTn? ""'° ''•"" "''" P"^''^*^^^ pedigrees of the 

them h "^^;;ff • °'' ''^^ °^- ^°-^' ^'^^^ ™-J- =^''--- to 

hem, have probably been misled by Wolley. He, in his MSS. on the 

TL t ^"}'y'^"^' -^^ 'i"i^^ confuses the Bradshawes of Bra.lshaw 
with the Bra.lshawes of Wyndley, near Duffield, who, though not iden.i 
with, have without doubt sprung from, the former family. Lyson assert 
.Ins asjljfac^and ^erej^^^odiingjipparently to Conflict with the 

* Vol. xvi., p. 70. 

i Ibid., vol. xiii., p. 7. 

X Olover;s History of Derbyshire, vol. i., p. ,, Appendix 

^Huiorual Collea,o„ of Staffordshire voK^vf.'^p sT' 

1) iota., p. 72. ' -'•'■ 

*^ Ibid., vol. xvii., pp. 61 and 62 

** Ibid., p. 113. 

M Ibid., vol. xvi., pp. 169 and 187. 



52 BRADSHAW HALL AND THE BRADSHAWES. 

writer's suggestion that the Henry nf the entail deed of 1429 is the most 
probable progenitor of the Wvndlev branch, as he would be, also, of the 
Bradshawes of Alderwasley and Wirksworth, from whom it is stated sprang 
the Bradshawes of Barton Blount. 

The earliest known mention of a member of the Bradshawe family in 
connection with Wvndlev is of one Henrv Bradshawe, and is to be found 
in a deed only two years later than that of the entail. It is possible, 
though not probable, that he is also identical with Henry Bradshaw of 
Alderwasley, 1483.* The charter! is dated at Wyndley, Oct. ist, 1431, 
and is a re-grant of lands in Wyndley and Mugginton by Henry Brad- 
shawe, Richard Bee, rector, and Thomas Bradshawe to Richard Prince 
and Matilda, his wife. 

In 12 Henry VI. (1433), :t Robert and Edward Bradshawe, of Wyndley, 
are returned in the list of gentry for the county of Derby. 

Nearlv fiftv vears later,§ Robert Bradshawe, of Wyndley, probably son 
or grandson of Henrv, was a party to an indenture dated Ajjril ist, 1480, 
concerning the Bradbourne Chantry at Hulland, near Ashbourne. 

In 1500,11 the presentation to the living of Osmaston was made by Thomas 
Bradshaw, who, also, unless he were another! Thomas, together with 
Robert Bradshaw, presented to the living of Crich in 1542. The presenta- 
tion to Osmaston was undoubtedly made by Thomas Bradshaw, as the 
heir of Robert Folger|| (or Foucher), who in 1357 had founded a chantry 
within the Chapel of St. James at Osmaston. " He endowed it with 
certain lands and tenements in Osmaston and Normanlon," and the 
inquisition giving permission for the alienation states that the founder 
retained other lands in Osmaston as well as in DufReld and in Colton, 
a sub-manor of Normanton.' 

"John Bradshaw, Esq., who died in 1523," says Lyson,** was seised 
of a moiety of the Manor of Wyndley and of the manor of Champeyne, 
in Duffield, inherited by his family from the Fouchers, who had married 
Ihe heiress of Champeyne. The Fouchers had a park here in 1330." 
This John Bradshawe, of Wyndley, so often confused with John, the son 
of Henrv Bradshawe, of Bradshaw, who died in his father's lifetime, 
before 1521, §§ married Isabella,tt daughter of Thomas Kinnersley, of 
Loxley, county Stafford. "The Visitation of i6iitt mentions a glass 
window in Mugginton Church with the following inscription : ' Orate pro 
anima Johis Bradshaw filiorumque suorum defunctorum ac etiam pro 
bono statu Isabellre uxoris ejus,' and a coat of arms : Arg. between two 
bendlets, as many martlets sable (Bradshawe) ; erm. on a bend gul. three 
.bezants (Fulcher) impaling ; arg., a fesse vahc or and gul. between three 
eagles displayed of the last (Kinnersley)." 

* Clover's Derbyshire, vol. ii., p. 90. 

\Wolhy Charters, i., 85. 

J Glover's Derbyshire, vol. i., Appendix, p. 60. 

§ Cox's Churches of Derbyshire, vol. ii., p. 412. 

II Ibid., vol. iv., p. 165. 

*\ Ibid., vol. iv., p. 52. 

** Page 139. 

■\-\ Shropshire Archaol. Soc. Journal, vol. vi., pt. i (October), p. 6. 

tt Cox's Churches, vol. iii., p. 222. §§ See page 26. 



BRADSHAW HALL AND THE BRADSHAWES. 53 

o .he Ark 'p ?'""?' "^""' "' ^'^ ^'"-"'^ C^"^^^' ^'^'l 'he custody 

Knne ,ei of l;;""'' '"""''• ''■^" '^^'•^^"•'>' ^'-S^ter of Thomas 
Kinnersle., of Loxley, county Stafford, he left, besides a daughter 
Anne^ who married John Fowke, of Gunston, countv Stafford a son and 
he.r, Henry, who died, 4 Edward VI. (,550), leaving bv his wift, E eTnor 
the daughter of R:chard Curzon, of Kedleston, countv Derby, b" hi 

r "t"'.f"^^'" °^ """"^'^^ P°l^' °f Raciburn,-a son and hei 

Gern^an B.,dshawe, an idiot, who died ,, Elizabeth (.sg,). The ^.H "i 

It is worthy of notice that the Christian names most frequentlv occur 
nng are Henry, Robert, and John, the names of three o th 'sons of 
John Bra.is^hawe of Bradshaw, ,,., (page 31), whose w.fe, Jove" mn 

tTe w!:r ' t 'r '^^" ''.^ '^^"^"^ °^ ''^^ l---'^"^' 'h-ugh «h^ 
tiie Uyndley estate was acquired. 

The Bradshawes, of Wyndley, were Foresters of Fee in Duffiekl Frith 

o? J 1 Bra^ h'" '"'Tl 't"" ""''■ «^"^>- ^'"•^" ■-•'""^ ^'^ 
ot John Bradshawe and the heirs of Brukeshaw. This fact is stated 

jn^Uie fourteenth verse of a wonderful ,oem by Anthony Bradshawe of 

•• This fforest hath fforesters of fee wch p'tly hold their land 
By svrices there in to do, as I do understand ; 

There names be Bradborne, Bradshaw, Bruckshaw, and the heirs 
of stone, 

All which at fforest corts must be with others many a one."1[ 

BRADSHAWS OF CHESTERFIELD. 
In the Chesterfield district, the Bradshawes were settled as earlv as .he 
reign of Edward I.,- when Alexander de Bradshawe was li'ving at 
Chesterfield. ^ 

John Bradshawett witnessed a Chesterfield charter, 6 Henrv IV Five 
years later, Thomas de BradshavveJJ and William Bradshawe were sum- 
moned to a great Court Leet held at Walton, on the Mondav after Uie 
1- east of S t. Barnabas, n Henry IV. (1410). 

* Wolley Charters, iii., 95. 

A Shropshire Archxol. Jour., vol. vi., pt i p 6 
^^^^■^^^J^:^^- ^" ^'^ "■■" I'--^ =>' Lichfield 15^0 he is 

§ Collins' Peerage, vol. vii., ji. 29-. 

WReliquary, vol. xi., p. 194 

J.!'^l^" ''■ ^°- ^'' '''" '^'' I'-'l'" "" "Dufiield Forest- in this 

** Feudal History, by Pvm Yeatman. sec. iii o 241 
Tt Sec. VI., p. 16. ' 1 • t • 

tllbid., pp. 57 and 58. 



54 BRADSHAW HALL AND THE BRADSHAWES. 

William Bradshawe,* of Chesterfield, was living from 1443 to 1461. In 
1 50 1, Williamt Bradshaw, of Wadchelf, was appointed attorney concerning 
lands in Brampton. Godfreyi owned land at Brampton 1523-4; and 
either he or another Godfrey§ Bradshawe was possessed of land at 
Wadshelf, 1570. The will of John Bradshaw, of Brampton, was proved 
at Lichfield 1595-6. 

Georgell Bradshaw held land in Brampton, 1598, and in 1624 he paid 
2s. 6d. for his lands in Walton-by-Brampton,1f when the Prince of 
Wales was knighted in 1609. 

From 1600 to 1621 Edward Bradshawe was living at Wingerworth, 
near Chesterfield. 

BRADSHAWS OF WIRKSWORTH. 

The Bradshawes were also settled in the parish of Wirksworth as early 
certainly as 1556, the date when the will of Robert and Ellen Bradshaw, 
of Iilrigehay, in parish of Wirksworth, was ])roved at Lichfield. They 
were possibly descended either from the Chesterfield or the Windley branch, 
or more probably from those of Alderwasley. Thomas Bradshawe, of 
Wirksworth,** in his will, proved Oct. 24th, 1615, desires to be buried in 
the churchyard at Wirksworth, " near my ancestors." He gives to Anthony 
Bradshawe, sen., such money as he hath in his hands and which are in 
his house at Wirksworth ; Anthony, son of his brother Richard, Arthur 
and Edward Bradshawe, and the poor of Alderwasley have legacies. One 
Anthony Bradshawe, of Wirksworth, died 1608, when his will was proved 
at Lichfield. tt 

Thomas Bradshawe, whose will was proved Feb. 16th, 1617, leaves 
a legacy to mend the roads, residue to Dorothy, his wife, and is to be 
buried in the churchyard " on the south side of the chancel, where divers 
of my kindred lye." 

Thomas BradshaweJt was churchwarden of Wirksworth, 1662, and his 
initials are engraved on the font in the south transept. 

BRADSHAWS OF TIDESWELL. 

Descended without doubt from the Bradshawes of Bradshaw, which 

is not ten miles from Tideswell, a branch was settled here in the reign 

of Henry VL, in the twelfth year of whose reign (1433) William§§ and 

Nicholas were returned among the principal gentry. In 1442 1|[| the house 

* Pym Yeatman, section vi., j). 316. 

t W alley Charters, iii. 66. 

i Pym Yeatman, sec. vi., p. 30. 

§ Sec. iii., p. 2H. 

II Sec. vi., p. 31. 

*ilbid., p. 62. 

** Sec. iii., pp. 457 to 464. 

■H- Lichfield Probate Court. 

X% Cox's Churches, vol. ii., ]>. 552. 

§§ Glover's History of Derbyshire, vol. i., Apj)endi.\, p. 60. 

II ll Pym Yeatman, sec. vi., p. 344. 



BRADSHAW HALL AND THE BRADSHAWES. 55 

of Xicliolas and Henry Bradshawe was broken into by men armed with 
bows and other weapons. Amon<^ the rioters were members of the Kirke, 
Bagshawe, and Shalcrosse families, and a William Bradshawe who, when 
the occui)ants could not be found, "stretched their bows and went into 
the Church at Tideswell before the altar of the Mass, and sought there 
for them to the great disturbance of the people. ' 

Thomas Bradshawe* was living at Tideswell 1473. William Bradshawe,t 
the uncle, to whom Robert Pursglove, of Tideswell, Suffragan Bishoj) 
of Hull, owed so much, probably sprang from this branch. He was a 
London merchant in 1509. J 

The two members of the family who fought at Agincourt (1415) — Ralph 
Bradshawe, in the retinue of John, Lord Grey, of Codnor, and Oliver in 
that of Philip Leche, of Chatsworth — though undoubtedly Derbyshire 
men, cannot be identified. Nor can a positive ancestor be found for Anthony 
Bradshaw, whose pedigree is recorded in the Visitation of London, § 
1633, and who is there stated to have sprung from William Bradshaw, 
of Duffield and Derby. There was, however, one Anthony Bradshaw, of 
Duffield, son of William, and who had a brother William, of Breadsall, 
whose will was proved at Lichfield i6th August, 1604, with whom he was 
probably connected. He doubtless belonged to the same family as Thomas 
Bradshaw, of Duffield, whose will was proved at Lichfield, 21st April, 15^4, 
and must not be confused with Anthony, son of William Bradshaw-e, of 
Bradshaw, who founded the Almshouse at Duffield, and died 1614 (page 30). 

APPENDIX D. 
From Wolley Charters, xii., 74. 

Nicholas Dikson, parson, of Claxbe ; Henry Bagshawe, of the Ridge, 
gent. ; Thomas Bowdon, of Bowdon, yeoman ; Robert Ridge, of the Nether 
Cliffe, yeoman ; Robert Kyrke, of the Milneton, yeoman, testify and 
bear witness that 2nd August, 1483, William Bradshawe, of the Brad- 
shaw, county Derby, yeoman, said plainly on his death-bed, in his whole 
mind and reason, and took it straightlv on his charge before the above- 
named ; and Rohn Browne, Edward Bagshawe, gent., Oliver Kyrke, and 
Peres Browne, yeoman, late deceased, " as he shuld on sware before 
God at his hegh Judement when the body and the soule were departyd 
that the hoole medowe was never of the Lyght birches Land ne was never 
geven to John Bradshawe, his brothere, and by cause that the foresaid 
William Bradshawe desirid and re(|uirid vs upon oure truth and in the 
way of charitie to testifye, etc. . . . We the forsayd Nicholas, gostely, 
father of the foresevd William Bradsliawe, have putte oure seales." 

cf. An original MS. published in Reliquary viii. 236, which gives, 
almost verbatim, the same evidence. 



* Pym Yeatman, section. vi., p. 367. 

\ Reliquary, vol. xviii., p. 33. 

X Feudal History of Derbyshire, sec. lii., pp. 141 and 142. 

§ Harl. Society, vol. xv. 



56 BRADSHAW HALL AND THE BRADSHAWES. 

APPENDIX K. 

Vrom the original in the writer's possession. 
" To all true Christen people that this present writing schall so rede 
or here Robert Worth Baile of Criche in the Counte of Derby gentleman 
Thomas Awbv of Kings Bromley in the County of Stailoide yoman Hugh 
Bradshawe of the Morebarne in the Counte of Leycestre yoman and 
John Bradshawe the younger of Lychfeld in the Counte of Stafforde 
yoman send greting in oure lord evrlastyng for as moche as it is meritore 
and nedfuU to eny true Christen man to testifie and bere record in eny 
mater of trouth and in especially touching man's inheritance. 

" We therefore the said Robert Thomas Hugh and John of our owne 
feightfull and true mynd with oute mede labor or corupcion testefye and 
beyre wytness that the vjth day of M'che the xiijth yere of the Reign 
of oure Sovergne lord Kyng Henry the viith (1498), John Bradshawe the 
elder of Lychefeld in the Counte of Stafford yoman seid playnly at his 
owne howse at Lychfeld aforesaid that he solde to Raynold Leegh of 
Blakbroke in the Courte of Derby Squier no maner of land nor tenements 
except onelv a meese with the appurtenance in the Township of Bawden 
with in the Counte of Derby called Lightbyrche and toke it straitle upon 
his charge as he shuld answere afore God when the body and the soule 
shuld depte [depart] that the hoole Medowe was noo prcell of Lightbyrche 
land nor that ever the said John Bradshawe by reason of the seid mease 
nor never had it in his possession nor never noo title therto pretended 
Moreover he seith that the seid Raynold send unto him a servante of his 
called Nicholas Stonys to Lychfeld with certen wrytyngs desyryng hym Id 
have sealed the same the whiche wrytyng the seid John at all tymes uttly 
refused and denyed And after this the foreseid Raynold come to 
Lychefeld hymselff to have moved the seide John to have been conformable 
to the same extent and the same John Knowing his singular and over true 
desire and mynd therein withdrewe hym from his company and wold in 
noowise spevke with hvm in that mat' And aft"" this Thomas Awby before 
named come to Blakbroke unto the seid Raynold for odr maters nothyng 
prteignvng to the premesses And the seid Raynold desyred the same 
Thomas faithfully to en((uere the forseid John Bradshawe weydr the hoole 
medowe were any prcell of Lightbyrche land or not and the seid John 
Bradshawe made full answere unto the said Thomas and upon his charge 
toke that the hoole Meydow was nevr non of the Lyghtbyrch land nor 
that ever he had any ryght or title theyto nor possession of nor in the 
same as he shuld answer afore God at his hie Judgement and by cause 
the forseid John hathe desyred and requyred us of oure trouthes and 
in the wey of Charite to testefye and record the promisses for divers 
causes hym thereto movyng and to the entent that ye trought myght 
bettr be knowen to this present Wrytyng accordyng to oure heryng and 
plevne knowlege W'ee the forsaid Robert Thomas Hugh and John 
Bradshawe the younger have put oure seals youen at the place the day 
and yere abofe seid." 



BRADSHAW HALL AND THE BRADSHAWES. 57 

N.B. — This document, a])art from the interest of the subject-matter, 
is important as being the only evidence known to exist of the connection 
between the Derbyshire and Leicestershire Bradshawes. Although the 
Heralds, in the Visitation of Leicestershire, state that " Hugh Bradshaw^e 
of Moore Barne in Com' Leic : descended out of Lankesheir," this is 
fairly conclusive evidence that he descended out of Derbyshire, or his 
evidence with respect to the dispute would not have been taken. That 
he was the son of Robert is almost self-evident. 

APPENDIX F. 
FROM WOLLEY CHARTERS XH. 75. 
(Undated — about 1500.) 
" To the Kyng our Soveraigne lorde the Certificat of Sir Rauf Longford 
Knyght and Thomas Meyverell accordyng to the Kynges letter to them 
directed. Sewen [suing] to your most noble and habundant grace your 
])ore Subiectes Sir Rauf Longford and Thomas Meyverell that whereas 
one Herry Bradshawe hath surmysed by his complaynt to your said grace 
made that one Reynolde Lee pretendid tvtle to ij partes of a medowe 
callyd Holmedowe lyeing in the Chapell in the Fryth and hath by dyverse 
synyster suetis troblyd and vexed the seid Herry for the same. We 
certifyen your seid grace that the said Reynold and Harry have apperyd 
before vs your seid subiectes at Assheburne where the seid Reynolde 
answeryd to the seyd complaynt and seid that one John Bradshawe was 
seasid of a Mease callid lyght bvrches lyeing in the seid parisshe of the 
seid Chapell in the Fryth in his desmesne as of fee and so seasid gafe 
the seid Mease with thappurtenaunces to one John Bradshawe his younger 
sone in fee by force whereof the same John was therof seasid in his 
desmesne as of fee and so seasid gafe the seed mease with thappur- 
tenaunces by his dede before vs sewyd to the seyd Reynolde in fee by 
force wherof the seid Reynolde was therof sasid in his dssniesne as 
of fee and furthermore the same Reynolde seid that the seid ij partes 
of Holmedowe be appendant to the seid mease and that he w'as therof 
seasid as appendant to the seid mease by force of the seid gyft unto the 
tyme that he was by the seide Herry disseysed and Harry Bradshawe 
seid that the seid Reynolde nor John Bradshawe the vonger were never 
seasid of the seid ij partes of medow callyd Holmedow and that the 
same ij partys of Medow be not appurtenaunt nor appendant to the seid 
mease and for the jirove of the seid premysses the seid parties promysed 
vs your seid subiectes that they wolde abyde the triall of suche persons 
of the contray as hadde longe knowen the seid growndes and to abyde 
the rule of us your seid subiectes and of Roger Vernon and Thomas 
Babyngton and after dyverse persones whose namys ben comprisyd in ij 
byllys whereof one is synyd with the hands of Roger Vernon ane other 
sygned with the handes of Thurston Alen and William Coke seid that 
the seid John Bradshawe the vonger never was possessid of the seid 
medow but that William Bradshawe eldyr broder to same John was con- 
tynuelly seased of the same ij partes duryng his lyfe withowte interuj)tion 



5^ BRADSHAW HALL AND THE BRADSHAWES. 

or clayme of the same John Also we the seid Sir Raufe and Thomas 
Meyverell certefye your seid grace that the seid Herry hath ben redy to 
abyde such apoyntmentes and commyn<j casioun as we have assignyd 
him and avisyd hym to and the seid Reynold wolde never come before 
us after the seid ])ersons hadde witnessid and testified in manner above 
rehersyd In witnesse whereof your seid subiectes to this present certificat 
hath sette their seallys." 

APPENDIX G. 

WILL OF HENRY BRADSHAWE, 1521. 

[Frotn the original Probate copy in the writer's possession). 

" In the Name off God Ame. In ye zere off ore lorde God Mo Do 
xxjte the Secunde dey off ye Mone off March I henr Bradsha off ye 
bradsha WoU off Mynde & In gud remebrans nott Knowyng My last 
deyys Orde & make my Testamete In Manr & florme flowloyng. 

" flyrst I beqweythe my solle to God to Owre blessyd lady & to all 
they santes In hevyn My body to be beryyd In ye Chyrch off Sant 
Thomas In ye Chapell off ye firyth It I Beqweyth to my Mortuary as vse 
ys In ye contre It' I beqweyth to Sant ?*Iare howse off Covetre 
iiijd It' to Sant Chaddes howse off lychff' iiijd It' I beqweyth to my 
too sonnes Wyll-im Bradsha & henre my fferme off ye Tonstyd Mylpe* 
wych I have by Indetr to me & to my Assyngnes as the Indetr doyth 
pleynly exjires & sow It' I beqweyth to my sayd sonnes Wyllam & henre 
my fferme off ye Eyvys wych I toke off trystrem Reyvell by Indetr & peyyd 
hym xs off Income & vjs iiijd off Rentt befowr hond ffor x zeres terme 
Bye worth off record as In ye Indet doth pleynly apere and ye sayyd 
Trystrem Kepyd In ye Tena.de yt was In a zere afft q'rary to hys 
couand Soo yt I had neu' Entre theyroff It' I becjweyth to my wyff 
Elsabeyth Bradshaw to hyr dowary & Joyntre A Mesne place off land 
callyd ye Tornecroftes wt all the Aportenas and all ye Bradmarchys wt the 
Aportenas vnto the Ede off hyr lyffe & Afftr to ye performacyon off my 
Wyll yt ys to Wytt vnto my too Sonnes Wyllam & Henr' vnto ye 
tyme that Rycd Bradsha son off John Bradsha cu to ye Age off xxjte 
zeres ffuUy It' I beqwyth to my Sonnes Wyllam & henre All mv londes 
& tenymettes wt ye a portenas lyying wt In ye Conte off Derby or Else- 
weyre to ye vse & behovs off Theyme or theyre assyngnes & ffor Walt 
off Ivffe off other off my sayyd sonnes to the vse & behove off ye other 
ye longer leur & hys assyngnes vnto ye tyme yt Rychard bradshaw a 
fowr Sayyd Cii to ye age off xxjte zeres fully as In a dede off ffeffmete 
made by me henre Bradsha ye Eldr Mowr pleynly doth expresse & 
show It' I 'wyll that my wyffe & my sayyd sonnes Wyllam Bradsha & 
henr' kepe to scole the sayyd Rye' bradshaw vnto he Come to ye Age 
off xxj zeres fully yff he Wyll & mey be att theyr kepyng & yf noo I 
wyll yt my wyffe & my sayyd sonnes Wyllam & henre gyffe to ye sayyd 
Rye' Bradshaw xls off gud money zerely to hys ffyndyng vnto ye tyme 
yt Rye' bradsha Cu to ye age of xxj zeres ffully. 

* Now Tunstead Milton, adjoining Bradshaw. 



BRADSHAVV HALL AND THE BRADSHAWES. 59 

'■ II" I wyll y' my {,'0(les and dettes nott be(|uelhyd be Eciwally ilepartyd 
In iij partes Won j>artt vnto me Another vnto my wyffe Elsabeyth bradsha 
tV ye oder tred i)art eqwally to be departyd Amoge my iii Cyldr Wyllam 
henre & Margarett they Resydew off all my godes &c nott be(|wevthyd 
my dettes ]ieyyd & my ffunrall expences done I gyff & beqweyth to my 
sonnes Wyllam Bradsha iS: henre bradshaw to Order & dys])Osse ffor ye 
helth off my Solle as ye thynke beyyst It' I make my sonnes Wyllam 
it henre my trew & laffull Executors to pfferme & fulfyll thys my 
presand Testamett iV' last Wyll yt hytt mey be trewly ffulffyllyd It' I 
bcseke Maysf S' Godfrey ffoljamb off WaltO Kyth and S"' Georg' Savadg 
off ye Sjietyll pson to be ye Oursears off thys sympull testamett & last 
Wyll & to be gode Maysturs to my Wyffe & too my sonnes ffor goddes 
sake & trew preyars ffor them (jwytke & ded Mayd att ye Bradsha they 
dey & ye zere a ffowr sayyd theys beyryng Wytnes Sr Wyllam Bagshaw 
Vykar off hope Sr Steue Bagsha Curatt off ye Chapell In ye ffryth Sr John 
Bredbery Owre Lady prest Nichol bagsha off ye Chapell Waf MarihyntO 
Rob' Gee & Edward Kyrke wt Moo. 

H sut Debet' i[ m' debetr.* 

In p'ms John Bradsha my eldyst son hys heyrs & hys executurs vijli 
xiijs iiijd ye (jwych I lantt hym att hys necessete It' Wyllm Kydge 
xyli ix^ iiijd qwych he howth to me ffor corne & a ffat Coo John Beyrnys vj^ 
ffor dett Omfrey Ale xyijs for a fatt Coo Wyllam lomals xxxvs ffor 
ij Oxyn Rye' Bagshaw yijs ffor a Coo Wyllam beynett ixs ffor Woll 
Otnell Crofte vs I lant hym. 

"Also All ye dettes that be Woying ffor Come of ye yMw. wych be 
contenyd In ye Mylne boke. 

" p me Rdulffu.m Blackwall."' 

The document is endorsed : — 

" Probatu approbatum et insinuatuni fuit presens testamentum coram 
nobis commissario exempte Jurisdiccionis de bakewell In Ecclesia 
I)arochiali omnium sanctorum de Yowolgreve penultima die mensis Aprilis 
Ao Dmi Millesimo quingentesimo xxiijo Et Commissa est administratio 
omnium et singulorum bonorum dicti defuncti concernentium executoribus 
infra scriptis In forma juris juratis onerat' ac per eosdem admissis Dat 
sub sigillo nostro officii dictis die anno et loco supradictis." 

Also, in another hand : " The last Wyll & Testamt of henrye Bradshaw 
father vnto Wyllm Bradsha my great grandfather." 

APPENDIX H. 

LEASE OF BRADSHAW.t 

The witnesses to this indenture, dated 20 Ajjril, 33 Henry VIII., are 
dwell Bredbury, of Barkshead, gentleman; Nicholas Bredbury ; Robert 

* " Haec sunt debita qua; mihi debentur.'" 
+ In the writer's possession. 



6o BRADSHAW HALL AND THE BRADSHAWES. 

Ridge, of Heyfield ; Peter Olernshaw, of Chapel ; Anthony Olernshaw, 
of Olernshaw ; Charles Bagshaw. Immediately following these names 
is the division of the lands as below : — • 

" The above William and Richard Bradsha have rated all the above 
lands to enable Richard to occupy any of them at any time as follows: — 

" One half of the Howsing, The Hollow Mead (Hole Meadow), the 
Browde Marshe Meadow, and the Little Broad Marsh, xx^ yearly. 

" The other half of the Housing, the New Mede, the Greyve Croft,* 
and the Orchard, xxsh yearly. 

" The greater Brad Marsh, xxiijsh ^d yearly. 

" The Flatt, the Hobmarsh, and Hob Hollyns, xxiijs iiijd yearly. 

" The Overfield, the Ridding, and Alott Croft, xxiijs iiijd yearly. 

" The Nether Heyses, altogether xxiijs iiijd yearly. 

" Agreed to by Richard Bradshawe in the presence of James Foljamb 
of Walton Knt Francis Leek of Sutton Esqr Godfrey Foljambe of Skeybe 
John Berd of Berd and Nicholas Bridbury gentlemen." 

The document is signed by William and Richard Bradshawe. 

N.B. — The names of all the above enclosures are still retained, and 
form part of the present domain of Bradshaw. 

APPENDLX J. 
TROUBLES OF RICHARD BRADSHAWE. t 

The following is one of many monetary transactions between Richard 
Bradshawe and his Uncle William. It is undated and in every w.iy less 
formal than the rest, most of which are legal documents : — 

" Itm borod off my Uncle Wylliam ffor to by hey . . vij^-h vj'' 

" Itm borod off my Uncle ....... iiijsh yj^' 

" Itm of the sam ........ vsh 

" It Thys ys the last Money that I receywd of vou and so I prey 
you to make thys that (I) owe xx^^h for my edvng (? )% for I have no 
money bott off you nor I cannot boro non bot of you nor I wyll not 
and therefore I prey you to be good to me of thvs. ' 

Below this, written in an exceedingly neat and far better hand-writing, 
is the following: — 

"Cozen Rychd I have sent to you by this beyrer iij^'h-il — W. B. 

" It to Rych Bradsha at John berde housei .... xijd 

" It to i)ey Robt Cleyton xvjd 

by me Wylliam Bradsha." 

II It will be observed that Richard olitains from his uncle just the sum for 
which he begs, viz., what was required to make his debt the even sum of £\. 



* cf. Archaological Journal, voL xxiv., p. 42, footnote. 

t In the writer's possession. 

t Probably 'eating.' A. S. tt/f/j/^rt— household food. 



BRADSHAW HALL AND THE BRADSHAWES. 6 1 

APPENDIX K. 

KTCIIARD BRADSHAWE CONVEYS BRADSHAW TO 

HIS UNCLE. 

Tnilenture* dated 3 Dec, 34 Henry VHI. (1542), between Rii h:ird 
Brnilshawe, of Bradshaw, county Derby, and William Bradshawe,. of 
Mar])ule, county Chester. Conveyance of the lands and mansion house 
of Bradshaw for the sum of one hundred and fourscore and three pounds 
six shillings and eightpence. 

The witnesses are William Davenport, of Goytes Hall, gentleman ; 
Alexander Elkock, of Stopford (Stockport), Mayre ; Wyllm Charlten, 
Skulmasfer ; Raff Holins, priest ; Thomas Combes. The parchment is 
endorsed with the following, written in 1635 at the death of Francis 
Bradshawe, by George Bradshawe, his brother and heir: — '"Within these 
are contained Deeds whereby it appeareth that one Henrv Bradshawe was 
lord of Bradshawe his Cosinf (sir, properly grandson) and heir passed awav 
all his lands in Bradshawe to William Bradshawe of Marple for ;^ioo and 
twenty marks which William was father of Godfrey father of Francis 
father of George now Lord of Bradshawe brother to Francis Bradshawe 
<leceased son of the said Francis." 

The fine, or final concord, which confirms the above transaction is 
dated at Westminster in the Easter Term, 35 Henrv VUL, 154^. 

APPENDIX L. 
BRADSHAWS OF CHEADLE, CHESHIRE. 

In Cheshire, between Cheedle and Wilmslow, stands. Bradshaw Hall, 
formerly the residence of a branch of the Bradshawe family. It was pur- 
chased about 1550 from Sir John Savage by James Keisall, in whose family 
it remained for several generations.:!; 

In the following, from a registered ])edigree in Heralds College, the 
Christian names are suggestive : — 

John Bradshaw, of Bradshaw Hall, Co. Chester^ 



Alderman Thomas Bradshaw = 



Richard Bradshaw, born 28 July, 1695 = 



Thomas Bradshaw, and son, 
Alderman of Dublin. 



* In the writer's possession. 

t In O. E. the term was legally applied to aiij/ collateral relative, and heie 
it was probably loosely used for descendant. 
J Earwaker's East Cheshire, vol. ii., p. 193. 



62 BRADSHAW HALL AND THE BRADSHAWES. 

APPENDIX M. 
FAMILY OF WILLIAM BRADSHAWE. 
On n long strip of yiiirchment* (iirolmblv an offirial copv of entries in 
;i family Bible), emlorseil ; — "The sevrall ages of Wm. Brailshawe's 
chilciren." 

In another hand: — '"The day & hower of my birthe." 
Natus Godfridi Bradshawe xxix die Septembris. 
hora secunda post nonam Afio Dm 1531. 
Natus Elizabeth Bradshawe 240 die Augusti. 
mane Ao Dmi 1533. 

Natus Henrici Bradshawe 60 Die Septembris. 
hora octava ante nonam Ao Dmi 1535. 
Natus Margarete Bradshawe 100 die julij. 
hora tercia post nonam Ao Dmi 1539. 
Natus Francisci Bradshawe 140 die Junij. 
hora sexta post nonam Ao Dmi 1543. 
Natus Antonii Bradshawe 30 die. 
Februarij hora nona post nonam Ao DiTii 1545. 

Natus Francisci filius Godfridi Bardshawe 170 die Febriiaiii 
hora 80 post nonam Ao Dmi 1555." 

APPENDIX N. 
GODFREY BRADSHAWE AND MARGARET HOWi:. 

IVolIey Charters, xii. 65. f 

" Bond by Thomas Savage of Castilton gent to William Bradshawe of 
Marple Co : Chest : gent in £100 for the observance bv Margaret daughter 
of Roger Howe of Asshojie wife of Godfrey Bradshawe son and heir of 
the said William of an award Dated 20 Jan. 3 Edward VI. (1550). 

" The condycion of this obligacyon vs suche that wher Margaret Howe 
dowghter to Roger Howe late of Asshope, and Godfrey Bradshawe sonne 
and heyre apparaunt to the saed William Bradshawe in their infancye 
by the only means and procurement of ther near frendes are espoused 
and maryed eyther to other and wher at this present the before named 
Godfrey doth not lovyngly intreat agree and accorde wyth the sayd Margaret 
by means and occatyon wherof controversye ys lyke to ensue betwene the 
frendes of bothe the sayd partyes for avoydyng jvherof yf the sayd 
Margaret Howe on her behalf do stonde to obey performe fulfille and 
kejie the awarde arbytrement dome 6t judgement of John Davenporte of 
Chadkyrke Co : Chest : John Savage and others arbytrers by the seyd 
partyes indifferently elect an<l chosen to agree the sayd Godfrey and 
Margaret and to cawse them to contvnew lownglv together as man and 
wylT vf thev by ther wvsdomes can brvng vl so to jiasse or otherwise 

* In the writer's possession. 

frf. Derbyshire Archeeological , Journal, vol. xxiv., p. 44, where the 
date 1 5^4 in the heading is a clerical error for 1550. 



BRADSHAW HALL AND THE BRADSHAWES. 63 

fo iiwarde arbytrer dome and judge as well what goodes cattalles howse- 
liold sluffe and somme or sommes of nionye the above named Wyllyam 
Urailsiiawe his heyres etc. shall restore delyver and paye or cause to be 
restored delyvered and ])ay(l to the above bounden Thomas Savage to the 
only use of the seyd Margaret her executors etc. As also of and upon 
all manner accyons (|uerelles demandes greffes and other matters had 
rnovyd sterol and defendyng betwene the sayd partyes by reason of for 
and concerning the premysses so that the sayd awarde dome and judgement 
be by the sayd arbitrers made in wrytynge sealed and delivered to eyther 
of the sayd parties on this syde the last day of Feb : next that then this 
present obligacion to be voyd and of none effect or ells to stand, etc." 

APPENDIX O. 
SETTLEMENT BY GODFREY BRADSHAWE. 

Wolley Charters, xii. 73. 

Grant by Godfrey Bradshawe, of Bradshawe, for the natural love etc. 
which he bears to Francis his son and for the better preferment and 
advancement of the younger sons and daughters of the said Francis, and 
es|)ecially in regard of various sums of money received by the said Godfrey 
which rightly belonged to the said Francis in right of Anne his late wife 
of all his goods and chattels implements etc. hereafter mentioned viz : 
8 oxen 80 of his best sheep 8 kine two parts of all his husbandry 
mares all his calves half of all his corn and hay all his term of years 
and interest in the herbage of Chynlev and all rights and cottages, a 
moietv of his bedding pewter brasse etc. 

''Dated 18 Dec: 4 James I. 1606." 

APPENDIX P. 

MARRIAGE OF FRANCIS BRADSHAWE AND ANN 

STAFFORD. 

* Indenture between Robert Eyre of Edall of the one part anrl Godfrey 
Bradsha of Bradsha of the other part. Dated 12 April 7 Elizabeth (1565). 

Robert Eyre grants, bargains, and sells to Godfrey Bradsha " the 
wardship and maryage of Ann Staflord daur and heir of Humfrey Stafford 
of Eam deceased," now being in the wardship and custody of the said 
Robert Eyre by bargain gift etc. of George Earl of Shrewsbury by his 
deed dated 11 Oct. 4 Eliz. with all deeds writings etc. touching the same 
An. And Godfrey Bradshawe covenanteth and granteth to and with 
the same Robert Eyre that Francis Bradsha son and heir apparent of 
the said Godfrey at or before 7 May next shall marry and take to wife 
the said Ann Stafford, and that he the said Godfrey shall settle on them 
" certain lands and tenements in Chapel-en-le-Frith of the clear annual 
value of ^5 6s. 8d.," and also within four years shall convey to trustees 
all his manors heritaments etc. in Chapel-en-le-Frith, which William 
Bradshawe his father had by grant or purchase from Richard Bradshawe 

" Wolley Charters, xii., 41. 



64 BRADSHAW HALL AND THE BRADSHAWES. 

except certain lands above mentioned to the use of Godfrey for life and 
on his death to the said Francis and his heirs male or in default to the 
right heirs male of the said Godfrey. 

* The feoffment in accordance with the above agreement {12 April 
7 Eliz :) by Godfrey Bradshawe to the Trustees, of the capital messuage, 
etc. of Bradshawe with power of Attorney to Edward Brndsha and Johnf 
Bradsha to give seisin is dated 3 April g Elizabeth. 

APPENDIX Q. 
SETTLEMENT OF EYAM. 
f'Deed of Sale dated 8 January 18 EHzabeth (1576) from John Savage, 
of Castleton gent and Alis his wife and Roland Eyre of Hassop gent 
and Gertrude his wife to Francis Bradshawe of Bradshawe gent and 
Anne his wife and . . .|! Bradshawe sonne and heir apparent of the 
same. Francis and Anne of all their partes and porcions of their capital 
messuage of Eam called Fame Hall and all those parcells of land or 
pasture of Eam called the Newe Close Sheppards Flatt Brumehill§ and 
7 acres of land in the feildes of Eame 2 messuages in Eam, and all their 
partes etc. of all their lands etc. in Bretton in the same parish of Eam 
and one other messuage in the same parish, one other messuage in 
liuxlow, and a cottage in Lengesden. To hold to the said Francis and 
Anne Bradshawe and . . .|| their heire and assyns for ever," &c. 

APPENDIX R. 
ENTAIL OF THE BRADSHAWE ESTATES. 
This indenture^ entailing the Bradshaw lands is dated 10 June, 
17 James I., and is between Francis Bradshawe, of Bradshawe, in the 
county of " Dearbv," Esq., of the one parte, and Sir Peter Legh, of 
Lvme, Co. Chester, Knight ; Peter Bradshawe, of London, Merchant 
Tailor ; and Henrie Bradshawe the younger, of Marple, Co. Chester. 
The lands settled are described as being in Abney Hope, Eyam, Foolow, 
Great Hucklow, Longsdon, Moniash, Bowden, Bradshawe Edge, Chapel- 
in-le-Frith, and elsewhere in the Co. of Derby. These lands he settles 
on himself and the heirs of his body lawfully to be begotten. In default, 
on his brother Humphrey and his heirs male ; in defaidt, on his brother 



IVolley Charters, xii., 50. 

f Probably sons of Henry Bradshawe, who had a lease of Turncrofts, 
1537, and was living in 1543 (page 26). John might be identical with the 
John whose initials are cut with those of Francis over the date (1595) on ihe oak 
seats of the Stafford Choir in Eyam Church. See Derbyshire Churches, vol. ii., 
pp. 194-5, bv Dr. Cox, whose suggestion that the initials J. B. represent 
those of John, the first in the visitation, is impossible, as till the .Stafford 
marriage took place the Bradshawes had no connection with Evam. 

X IVolIey Charters, xii., 46. 

§ Broomhill is now a portion of the Shepherds Flat Farm, and is in 
the possession of the writer. 

II The space for the Christian name is in both cases left blank in the 
original. 

^T Wolley Charters, xii., 93. 



BRADSITAW HALL AND THE BRADSHAWES. 65 

George and his heirs male ; in default, on his Uncle Peter, party to the 
trust, for life, and then to devolve on his third son, Francis, and his 
heirs male. In default, to Edward, eldest son, Peter and Paul, the 
second and third sons, and to each other son of his Uncle Peter in tail 
male. In default, to Henry Bradshawe, party to these presents, and his 
heirs male, and in default to the rightful heirs of Francis Bradshawe him- 
self. The settlement is subject to his own powers of otherwise disposing 
of the estates by will or deed. 

John Bradshawe, the President, is one of the witnesses. It is endorsed 
with the words " Francis Bradshawe's former Entavle, 17 Jac. Since cut 
ofT by the Recovery, 5th Car." 

APPENDIX S. 

AVILL OF FRANCIS BRADSHAWE, MADE 3 SEPTEMBER, 
1632. Proved at London,* 27th April, 1635, by George Bradshawe, 
one of the Executors, power being reserved to Lettice, the widow, 
the other Executor. 

" To Lettice, his wife, ;^6oo and her own plate and jewels. 

" Godson Francis, son of his Uncle Peter, and heirs for ever, all 
liis cottages, etc., in Glossop. 

" To Brother Godfrey deceased his daughter and her heirs tor ever, 
the copyhold land in Kedlesonne t Co. Chester. 

" To Nephew and Godson Francis Bennett, 40s. ; to his sister Barbara, 
.^20. 

" To Nephew and Godson Francis Cresswell, 40s. ; to his sister 
Barbara, ;^io. 

"To his sister, Lucie, _;^5. To his nephew, Simon Buxton, 20s. and 
to his sister Ann, ;^20. To his nephew, John Stephenson, and his two 
sisters, ^^20 in e<|ual shares. Cousin Henry Bradshawe the elder, 20s. to 
buy a ring. His two sons, John and Francis Bradshawe, 20s. for rings. 
' To Henry Bradshawe, the younger, eldest son of mv cousin Henrv the 
elder,' ^^5." 

Small legacies are left " to the children of my Uncle Peter Bradshawe 
except his two sons, Edw'ard and Francis, mv godson. To mv Aunt Ash 
and her children, ;^io, & to my cousin, Elizabeth Young, 40s.'' 

" To the Poor of the Parishes of Chapel-en-le-Frith and Evam, ^^20, and 
los. yearly to the Poor of Chapel en-le-Frith. To the Preacher of My 
Funeral Sermon, 40s. Small legacies to Cousins Peter and Sarah Ashen- 
hurst, J Randolph, John, Thomas, William, Barbara, Elizabeth, and Anne 
Ashenhurst, small legacies. To a base child of my brother-in-law, Ran- 
dolph Davenport, deceased, ;^2o. 

" Brother George, two parts of the rest. 

" To wife Lettice, the other third part. 

" To my Nephew and Godson,' Francis, son of my brother, George 
Bradshawe, ;^io. 

" Servants, Anne Marchington, &c." 

Witnesses — Edmond Hodrell, Nicholas Bagshawe, Myles Bennett, etc. 



* 43 Sadler. t ? Kettleshulme, Cheshire, five miles from Bradshaw. 

J The Ashenhursts were Davenport relations. Y.:^r\v:^\ier'^ £asi t'/ies/n're, 
vol. ii., p. 388. 

5 



66 BRADSHAW HALL AND THE BRADSIIAWES. 

APPENDIX T. 
INQUISITIONS AS TO FRANCIS BRADSHAWE. 

There were three Inquisitions Post Mortem* t^iken of Francis Bradshawe, 
one on 7 Sept., 1635, at Bakewell ; a second, 18 January, 1637, at Duffield ; 
and a third taken at Derby, 3 Sept., 1638, in which "the heir is found 
to be Frances Orton, wife of Samuel Orton, of London, gent., daughter 
and heir of (lodfrev Bradshawe, brother and heir of Francis, who died 
at Bradshaw 25 March, 10 Charles, 1635, leaving Lettice, his wife," who 
is described as then Hving at Bradshaw, while his brother, George 
Bradshawe, the father of Francis, was living at Eyam. Francis 
Bradshawe, the son of Peter, is also alive at the date of this Inquisition. 

A deed is cited dated 31 July, 8 Charles I., which was executed in 
anticipation of the marriage of Francis Bradshawe with Lettice Clarke, 
widow, for the purpose of making provision for her and entailing the 
Manor of Abnev and other lands on himself for life, with remainder 
successively to his brother, George Bradshawe, and Francis, son of Peter 
Bradshawe, in tail male. 

APPENDIX U. 
INVENTORYt OF GOODS OF FRANCIS BRADSHAWE, 1635. 
" A True and perfect Inventorie of all suche Goodes Cattell and Chattells 
of Francis Bradshawe late of Bradshawe in the parishe of Chappell in 
le Frithe in the said County of Darbie Esqr deceased as were by John 
Flackett of Hanson Grange Esqr Ralph Bagnold Robert Bagshawe Henrie 
Mellor Edward Wright and William Bryan viewed valued and prysed the 
Thirteeth day of Marche and the third day of September In the eleaventh 
veare of the Raigne of our Soveraigne Lord Charles by the grace of God 
of England Scotland France and Ireland King Defendor of the flfaithe &c. 
Annoque Dni Millesimo Sexcentes^imo Tricessimo Quinto. 

£ s. d. 
" Imprimis In Gould and Silver in the Cheste of the said 

decedent ...... 919 6 3 

" Itm in goodes in the Halle vidlt Three Tables Three 

Formes and a loose Board valued att . . . i 6 S 

" Itm in Goodes in the Parlor vidlt one Bedd Furnishe<l 
a liverie Table and Cloth for itt Two Chaires Nyne 
Stooles Two Cushions a Closse Stool Fire Pann 

and a pr of Tongs 13 o o 

" Itm in Goodes in the Dyninge Roome vlitlt One Double 
Table Three liverie Cupboards, J Fower Green 
Cloath Carpettes Eleaven Chaires Thirteen Stooles 
Eighteen Cushions a Table att the Staire head a pr 
of Tables Fire pann a pr of Tongs and two pr 
of Snuffers . . . . . . . . 19 o o 

* Chancery Inq. p. m., 11 Ch. I., part 3, No. 173. 

fin the writer's possession. 

j Open cupboards with shelves, from which the liveries were given out. 



BRADSHAW HALL AND THE BRADSHAWES. 67 

£ s. d. 
Itm. in his Bedchnmber one Bedstidd \vth Curlnines 
and Vallances and all other Furniture a Truckle* 
Bedd and Fether bedd thereon Two tables one 
Standinge Cupboard Three Chaires two plaine 
Chaires Nvne Jovnt Stooles two litle ones a Close 
Stoole Six Tables and Cupboard Cloathes Two 
Skreenes a Lookeing Glasse Three Brushes a pr 
of Snuffers fire pann and Tongs . . . . 15 o o 

■ In the best Chamber one Bedstidd w'li Curtaines Vallances 

a Downe Bedd and all other Furniture answerable 
thereto a liverie Cupboard with a Clothe Cover 
vmbroadered one Chaire two stooles a windowe 
cushion vmbroadered two windowe Curtaines and 
rodds two other Cushions a little plaine stoole a 
Lookeinge Glasse fire pann and a pr of Tongs 30 o o 
' In the Inner Roome belonginge to the said Chamber a 
Canopie Bedd readie furnished a litle stoole and 
a Close Stoole 500 

■ Itm. In the Buttrey Chamber one Bedstidd wth Curtaines and 

double vallances two fethr Bedds and all other fur- 
niture thereunto a Truckle Bedd readie furnished 
a Court Cupboard! another plaine one wth a 
Cloath Cover Fower Chaires Three Stooles 
Curtaine and rodde Fire pann and Tongs . . 19 10 o 

■ Itm. In the Gallerie Chamber one seeled Bedstidd readie 

furnished one other Bedstidd a Rugg a plaine 

Table and a plain Chaire . . . . . 7 10 o 

■ Itm in the Clocke Chamber Two Bedstidds wth Curtaines 

and vallances two Fether bedds and all other furni- 
ture thereunto a plaine Chaire Three Stooles Fire 
pann and a pr of Tongs . . . . . 14 10 o 

■ In the litle chamber adioyninge therto a Bedstiild wtli 

Curtaines and Vallances and all other Furniture 

for the Bedd a plaine Chaire and two little Stooles 2 10 o 
' Itm in the Maides Chamber three plaine Bedstidds readie 

furnished . . . . . . . . 600 

Itm in the Menservants lodgeinge fyve Bedstidds all readie 

furnished aad foyer loose Boards + • . . . 714 
' Itm Cioodes in the Clockhowse two old Clocks and a Sheet 

of Lead 100 

' Itm Gootles in the Gallerie vidlt Three Chests Three Joynt 

Stooles one Chaire Nyne Boards^J and a Course 

presse or Cheste . . . . . . . i 16 8 

*A small bedstead on wheels made to run under a bigger one. 
t Movable sideboanl. 
± Shelves. 



68 BRADSHAW HALL AND THE BRADSHAWES. 

£ s (1. 

" Ttm Gonrles in the Store Chamber vidlt Senven flitches of 
Beef Twentie two flitches of Bacon Seaven Stone 
of Greasse & Tallowe Two Stone of WoU Twentie 
nyne Yeardes and a halfe of I.ynen Cloath or there- 
abouts Twentie fower Sacks Three pieces of haire 
Cloathe a Windoweinge Cloathe fowerteen vessells 
for Miike Two Cheese Tupps hopps and other 
sorts of Treen Ware . . . . . . 36 lo o 

'■ Itm a Chest and Candles therein Fvve Truncks a deske 

& Box 2 18 I) 

'• ftm Goodes in the Brewhowse vidlt Two Brasse pannes one 
greate Brewinge Fatt Tenn othr Vessells for that 
purpose an old Chest Two Measures two Burne 
Irons a Wiskett* a Stoole a pr of Tongs (& a 
Bakeinge Stone . . . . . . . 600 

■' Itm Goodes in the I'tter & Inner Dryhowses vildt one 
Greate Ark two Cheese presses Butter & Cheese 
and their vessells & Sevrall other sorts of Lead and 
Wodd vessells & Boards for the uses there & two 
Stills . . . . . . . . . iC) 5 4 

" Itm Goodes in the Wett Larder vidlt Two Beefes & fower 

greate vessells for the uses there . . . . 10 o u 

" Itm Goodes in the Sellart vidlt one greate Tuninge Vessell tV- 

three lesser Vessells and twentie Barrells . . 2 13 4 

" Itm Goodes in the Buttrey vidlt Twentie six Stone of 
])iewter Two Tables Two formes Twelve Dozen of 
Trenchers Canns Bottles Seaven Candlesticks 
Three Basketts & a Trea for Water . . . 17 13 4 

"Itm in Silver plate there of several sorts valued att . . 114 3 2 

" Itm in Goodes in the Kitchen vidlt Six Brass panns Twelve 
Brass potts an Iron Pott a posnett + Fower Kettles 
Six Skelletts§ fyve Brass ladles a Brasse Morter an 
Iron pest ell eight Broaches || Three Iron Drop- 
pinge pannes a little Brass Morter a pr of Iron 
Racks a Foulinge peece & a fire Forke . . iS 14 o 

" Itm in Goodes in the Pastry vidlt a Safe a Greate Vessell 
for drincke a Cofer a Box a dishcradle and Pastie 
prale Three PigonsT ^ wodd platter and fower 
boardes . . . . . . . . o 10 o 

" Itm in Grocerie of severall sorts thereof . . . . 200 

* A straw basket. 

t See p. 12. 

X^. little pot. 

§ Small pots with long handles. 

II Spits. 

'^ Probably piggins, which were small wooden tubs. 



BRADSHAW HALL AND THE BRADSHAWES. 69 

£ i,. d. 
'■ Itm Goodes in the Closett vidlt a greate Cofer Three 
Searceinge Sives* Bosketts potts Glasses and 
sevrall sorts of necessarie bantjuettinge dishes & 
other particular vessells . . . . . 6 13 4 

'' Itm in Goodes in the Studie vidlt in Books a greate presse 
a table a deske a Cofer Three Boards & a pr of 
Gould Waights . . . . . . . 12 o o 

' Itm in Lynens of severall sorts . . . . . . 42 9 4 

' Itm in Gates & Gate Meale . . . . . . 75 o o 

■ Itm in Barley Malt . . . . . . . . i 10 o 

■ Itm Goodes in the Barne vidlt one greate double Graner a 

Fann and a Wheele . . . . . . 3 16 8 

' Itm in tioodes in the Stable vidlt fyve sadles Two Pillions 

Three Horsecloathes & a Chest . . . . 3 10 o 

' Itm in Horses in the Stable Three for the Hackney & Three 

for the Husbandrie . . . . . . 30 o o 

' Itm in Goodes in the Stable Chamber vidlet lower Arks two 
Cofers Three packe sadles Sithes Shovells axes 
Mattocks Muck forks Cowpi^t Timber pick forks 
hamers an Iron Crowe A stone MalleJ & severall 
other sorts of ymplemts provided for husbandry 
& for the Gardeyn 7 8 8 

' Itm in Goodes in the Workehowse vidlt lower paire of 
wheeles Iron bound & Waynes To them belonginge 
lower Sleades§ Eight Yoakes Eight Teames two 
pr of Bridles Fyve paire of Clevieslj Three plowes 
& two harrowes . . . . . . . 13 7 o 

' llm in Cattell of theis sorts vidlt six Yoake of Oxen six 
oxe Twentie sixe heifers Fyfteen Kyne Nyne Stirks 
Two Calves a Stallfedd' Oxe & a Bull. Itm 
Twentie Seaven Ewes and a Ramra . . ' . 216 o o 

Itm in Hev and strawe . . . . . . . 40 o o 

' Itm six Swyne . . . . . . . . . 600 

Itm in Poullrey and fuell 11 10 o 

Itm in Come on the ground sowed in the decedent his 

lief tynie . . . . . . . 14 o o 



•Sieves for sif tings. 

t Cut-up timber. 

+ Hammer. 

§ Sledges or trucks on four wheels. 

II Draft irons for jiloughs. 



-jO BRADSHAW HALL AND THE BRADSHAWES. 

£ s. d. 
" Itni in Stone Slate iS: Planches* . . . . . . 720 

" Itm in Plate wch the said decedent hadil (S: Received to and 
wth Lettice his wief one of his nowe Executors & 
bv him left whollie unto her aniountinge to the value 
of 66 13 4 

" Itm in vveareing ajipell late belonginge to Barbara Bradshavve 
the decedent his first wief. 

'• Itm in a ]iarcell of Newe Lynen Cloathe a Satin peticote 

Six Silver Spoones & a Trencher Salt . . . 10 to o 

" Itm one Leasse from one P'rancis Ashton to the decedent 
for fower yeares or thereabouts from the Anuciacon 
of Blessed' Marie wch shalbe in Ao Dni 1639 
valued att 17 5 o 

" Itm another Leasse from the same Ashton for Twentie and 
one veares or thereabouts from the said Anuciacon 
of blessed Marie valued att . . . . . 15 o o 

" Itm an Assignemt from one Rowland Kyre dated 300 Maij 

5 Caroli for Tenn Yeares or Thereabouts from the 

26th of Marche then last past valued att . . 30 o o 

" Itm a Defeasance from one Nicholas Browne th' elder 

whereupon onlie to be paid . . . . . 12 o o 

" Itm a Leasse dated 260 Martij 190 Jacobi from Nicholas 
and John Bagshawe to the decedent For about 
2i'>' veares from the said Anuciacon then last 
past valued att 46 o O 

" Itm a Leasse from one Nicholas Bradshawe dated 30° Maij 
30 Caroli & made also to the said decedent for 9 
yeares or thereabouts from the date thereof valued 
att . . . . • ■ ■ • • 600 

" Itm in Arrerages of Rents due to the Decedent att severall 
daves & tvmes nowe paste amountinge in the whole 
to about 24 15 11 

" Itm the said decedent his apparell purse and girdle . . 40 o o 

" Itm in Debts ])te whereof were due to the decedent in his 
lief tyme & the rest to be due ;it severall dayes 

6 tymes & in severall yeares yett to come as by 
divers Specialities from severall ji'sons therefore 
made may more fullie ajiijcare amountinge in the 

whole to about ^,i^'^ 3 4 

Sum Total £-^^39^ 00s. 4d." 

* Bo.irds 



BRADSHAW HALL AND THE BRADSHAWES. 



7' 



APPENDIX V. 
PEDIGREE OE BRADSHAWE, OE BRADSHAAVE. 

Extrricted from The Visitation of Derbyshire, 1634, Heralds College, C33. 

Arms : Bradshawc, 

quartering Slafil'ord. (See p. 40). 

Godfrey Bradshawe, = Eme, the daughter of — Shawcrosse, 
of Bradshawe, in the of Shawcrosse, in the Co. of 
Co. of Derby. Derby. 



Francis Bradshawe,- Ana, the daughter and co-heir 



of Bradshawe, in 
Co. Derby. 



of Humphrey .Stafford, of Hayne, 
in the Co. of Derby. 



Peter Bradshawe, = 
2nd son now 
living. 



Barbara Dam- 
port, the 
daughter of 

.S^ John 

Damport, of 

Chessheire, 

1st wife. 



= Francis Brad- = 

shawe, of 

Bradshaw, in 

Co. Derby, 

Sonne and 

heire. Justice 

of Peace in 

the said 

County. 



Lettice, 

the 

daughter 

of — 
Dilke of 
Leicester- 
shire, 
2nd wife. 



Anthony, 
4th son. 

Rowland, 
5th son. 

William, 
6th son, 
ob., s.p. 



Godfrey, 

2nd son. 

Mar. and 

had issue. 



George Bradshawe, = 

3rd son, now living, I 

of Hayne, in Co. | 

Derby. ' 



Edward, 
1st son. 



Elizabeth, 

daughter 

of S'. 

Hugh 

Culluni, of 

Ireland. 



Signed by me, George Bradshawe, 

for my brother, Mr. Ffrancis Bradshawe. 

Edward Bradshawe. 



Francis Bradshawe, 
Sonne and heire apparent. 



p' me George Bradshawe. 



APPENDIX W. 
PETER BRADSHAWE OF LONDON. 

Bills of Complaint* dated 6 Charles I. (1630) and 10 Charles I. (1639), 
in a suit of George Bradshawe against Amy Bradshawe, relict anil 
executrix of the last Will and Testament of Peter Bradshawe, late Citizen 
and Merchant Tailor, of London, deceased, now the wife of Francis 
Munday, Esq., for certain moneys due to him, George Bradshawe, as 
jiartner in the business carried on by his uncle, the said Peter Bradshawe. 

APPENDIX X. 
SUCCESSION OF GEORGE BRADSHAWE. 
The fine* by which George Bradshawe became legally possessed of the 
Estates on his brother's death, is dated at Westminster, 28th Nov., ii Charles I. 
(1635). The Estates are described as land lying in Almcy, Hope, Eyani, 
Foolow, Midleton, Hucklow, Moniash, Bretton, Glossop, Bradshaw, Chapel- 
en-Ie-Frith, and Bowden, all in the County of Derby. 

* In the writer's possession. 



72 BRADSHAW HAI.L AND THE BRADSHAWES. 

Al'l'ENDIX V. 

INSCRIPTIONS ON THE STONES OVER THE VAULTS IN THE 
CHURCH OE TREETON, co. VORK. 

1. "Here lieth the body of Mrs. Anne Adams wife of Mr. Michael 
Atlams rector of Treeton who died 6 days after the deliverv and death 
of a male child. Jany. 27, 1665." 

Arms : A cross for Adams impaling two bendlets between as many 
martlets for Bradshawe. 

2. " Hie jacet Edward Bra<lslia\ve Armiger in occiduo sinere expectans 
eum cui nomen est oriens Qui xxii die Decemb : MDCLXV occubuit."' 

Arms : Bradshawe with crescent for a difiference. 

"A mural tablet,"* says Hunter, "used to hang on the north wall of 
the church, with a Latin inscription, which gave an explanation as to 
the cause for his burial in Treeton Church. The inscription may be 
thus rendered : " Edward Bradshawe late of the Society of Gray's Inn 
in London and one of its oldest members, also of Litton in the County 
of Derby Esq. who, sojourning in this County while a plague was raging, 
died full of years and honour 22 Dec : 1665 and was buried near this 
place." 

N.B. — It will be noticed that he died in the December of the same 
year in \vhich he must have fled from Litton at the time of the Eyam 
jilague. 

3. " Here lieth the body of Elizabeth Bradshawe, relict of George 
Bradshawe late of Evam in the County of Derby Esqr who died on the 
ninth dav of December Anno Domini 1677 .^tatiscjue Suje 64." 

4. '' Here lieth the body of Erancis Bradshawe of Brampton in the 
Co : of York Esqr who departed this life the twenty-ninth day ol 
December Anno Domini 1677." 

APPENDIX Z. 

EPITAPH OF GEORt;E BRADSHAW. 

Formerly in the Parish Church at Doncaster. 

Georgii Bradshaw, armigeri, hujusce municipii propra;toris ; qui pro- 

avorum de Bradshaw-Hall in agro Derbiensi, longo ordine lam in regis 

quam in patriae emolumentum honeste degentium, agmen claudit. Vir 

in sermonibus miscendis comis et facetus : in litibus dirimendis sagax et 

integer : in legibus exequendis fidus et intrepidiis, Uxorem duxit Elenam, 

Roberti Roper de East Derby in comitatu Lancastriensi, generosi, filiam 

unicam ; ex qua suscepit filium in ipso vita; limine abreptum. Obiit 

Dec. 23, A.D. 1735. ^tatis suae 52. Marmor hoc extiui curavit Elena 

in officii conjugalis monumentum.t 



* Hunter's Hallamshire, p. 496. 

t South Yorkshire, by Joseph Hunter, 1S28, vol. i., p. 43. 



'\ 






73 



^.i^c Ci)itvdj of lltjvtiurg/ 



By Rev. J. Charles Cox, LL.D., F.S.A. 




JHE Derbyshire manor of Norbury formed part of the 
great estates of Henry de Ferrers when the Domesday 
Survey was compiled. At that time (1086-7) mention 
is made of a church and a priest. A few years earlier, Henry 
de Ferrers, when founding the priory of Tutbury (i 080-1), had 
given this church and its tithes to the monks of that Cluniac 
house. His grandson, Robert de Ferrers, confirmed to them 
the town of Norbury, which his father had given to the priory, 
together with the towns of Edlaston and Broughton, in exchange 
for the town of Stamford. 

But in the year i 1^5, the prior of Tutbury gave Norbury in 
fee-farm to William Fitzherbert, on a yearly rental of 100s. 
It was further agreed that William Fitzherbert should pay five 
shillings a year to the priory in lieu of the tithe of the lordship 
and of two oxgangs of land pertaining to the church. 

From that date, the Fitzherberts held the manor and a 
portion of the tithes of the priory up to the year 1422, when 
Nicholas Fitzherbert and Ralph, his son and heir, gave to 

* It is more than twenty-five years at;o since I first wrote about Norbury 
church {C/iuri/ids of Derbyshire, iii., 229-247) ; it ha.s always had a special 
fascination for me, and I could not but comply with the somewhat urgent 
request of the Hon. Editor that I should write about it again for i\vi Jottritat. 
There is not much to be added to what has already Ijecn written ; but this 
account is amplified in some places, and curtailed and corrected in others, 
as the result of three subsequent visits and of further study. The fourth 
volume of theyiwrz/rt/ had an article by Mr. Hope on "Anthony Fitzherbeit's 
brass" ; the fourth and fifth volumes, illustrations of the " Manor House tUass," 
by Mr. Bailey ; the seventh, a long article by myself on the " Manor House 
and the Troubles of the Fitzherlx.-rts " ; and the nineteenth and twentieth 
Volumes " Fitzherbert Wills relative to the Church," liy Kev. Reginald II. C. 
Fitzherljert. 



74 THE CHURCH OF NORBURY. 

Thomas Gedney, jirior of Tutbury, all their lands at Osmaston, 
together with lands at Foston and Church Eroughton, in 
exchange for the fee-farm rent of loos. and other services due 
to the prior out of the manor of Norbury. 

Meanwhile, the advowson of the rectory remained uninter- 
ruptedly in the hands of the Fitzherberts, as successive lords of 
Norbury, from the time of William Fitzherbert, in 1125, down to 
Sir Anthony Fitzherbert, who died in 1538, seized of this 
advowson. After his death, the troubles and absolutely mon- 
strous persecution of the Derbyshire Fitzherberts for recusancy 
or adherence to the unreformed faith began, and they became 
incapable as Romanists of presenting to the rectory.* 

The patronage of Norbury after the death of Sir Anthony 
reverted in the first instance to the Crown, but it was soon 
disposed of, and the patronage has subsequently changed hands 
by purchase on several occasions. 

In a previously jirinted list of the rectors of Norbury, the 
name of the earliest rector given, which was the first mentioned 
in the diocesan registers of Lichfield, is Roger Fitzherbert, who 
was presented to the living in 1320 by Sir John Fitzherbert, 
sixth lord of Norbury. t An earlier instance can now be added. 
About 1250-60, one Ralph Heylyn granted to William Wertt 
a small parcel of arable land in the field of Norbury, which is 
described as being near the Little Cross {parvani cruccm) and 
adjoining the land of Jordan, late rector of Norbury. This 
undated charter is witnessed, inter alia, by William Fitzherbert, 
of Norbury, Nicholas Fitzherbert, and Henry, clerk of Norbury.:}: 

* The treatment of this family throughout Ehzabeth's reign was one con- 
tinuous drama of outrage and cruelty, in addition to persistent fining and 
general injustice. They had the misfortune to fall into the hands of the 
foulest of all tools of the Council, that unprincipled rufiian, Richard Top- 
clitfe, over whose infamies in Norfolk Dr. Jessopp has waxed eloquent since 
I first wrote on this subject. Recently I have had occasion (many years 
after writing on the Derbyshire Romanists in the Church Quarterly and in this 
/^oiiriial) to take up the question of the treatment of the recusants in Eliza- 
bethan days in Hampshire, Northamptonshire, Warwickshire, and Essex, and 
after following the matter up from the original documents in the Public 
Record Office and elsewhere, I have no hesitation in saying that the conduct 
of those in power towards the Derbyshire Fitzherberts is the sorriest tale of 
them all. 

t Chiinhes of Derbyshire, iii., 231-2. 

:|; Brit. Mils., Woll. Charters, ix., 74. 



THE CHURCH OF NORBURY. 75 

A later insertion can be made in the long list of rectors, 
between the death of rector John Fitzherbert, who died in 
1551, and the institution of Thomas Harpur in 1627. Richard 
Brown occurs as rector of Norbury during the intervening 
period, when there is a gap in the diocesan registers.* 

Any account of the fabric of a church usually and appro- 
priately opens with a statement as to its dedication or invoca- 
tion. In the case of Xorbury, the church has generally been 
assigned to the Blessed Virgin, and this is the dedication given 
in Eaton's Thesaurus (1742) and in Bacons Liber Regis (1786). 

In the light, however, of definite statements in pre- 
Reformation wills, this generally-accepted invocation must be 
re-considered. If anyone in the fifteenth century was likely to 
know the true and ancient dedication of this church, it would 
assuredly be members of the Fitzherbert family who had lived 
under its shadow and been its patrons and benefactors for so 
many generations. The exact terms of two of these Fitzherbert 
wills were given by the Rev. Reginald H. C. Fitzherbert, 
from the originals preserved at Swynnerton, in the volumes of 
this Journal for 1897 and 1898. 

Ralph Fitzherbert, by will dated 20th December, 1483, left 
his body to be buried in " the church of St. Barlac of Norbury." 
Elizabeth, his widow, by will dated 20th October, 1490, desired 
that her body might be buried " in the Church of seint Barloke 
byfore the ymage of seint Nicholas by syde the body of Rauffe 
Fitzherbert late my husband."' 

I used to suppose that this " church " of St. Barloke, before 
I knew the real phraseology of the wills, was the name of the 
small south chapel of the nave to the east of the tower ; but 
that idea must now be abandoned. This notitm seemed con- 
firmed by the presence in the centre light of the south window 
of this chapel of a figure with a pastoral staff in left hand, and 
a book in right, with the words Sanctus Burlok Abbas below ; 
but it has been jjointed out by Mr. Fitzherbert that the windows 

* Unfortunately I cannot now lay my hands on the reference or references 
to this appointment ; but I know that I olrtained it from some authoritative 
source. 



76 THE CHURCH OF NORBURY. 

uf the north aisle are of exactly the same size and shape as 
those of this chapel, so that the figure of St. Burloke may quite 
possibly have been moved to the chapel during one of those 
unhappy general shiftings of the glass of this church in the first 
half of last century. 

In the face of the express declaration of these two wills by 
members of the patronal and residential family, everj^ ecclesiolo- 
gist of experience will agree that the old and true dedication 
of Norbury was in honour of St. Barloke. Efforts that had 
previously been made to identify St. Barloke have recently been 
renewed with assiduity. In addition to a fresh and thorough 
search through the mighty tomes of the Ada Sanctorum of the 
Bollandist fathers, as well as those which deal specially with 
the saints of the Benedictine order, the best-known ecclesio'.o- 
gists, both English and continental, have been consulted, and 
without result. As St. Barloke is described in the glass as an 
abbot, every known list of early abbots of British and Con- 
tinental foundations has been searched, but in vain. It may, 
however, be remembered that the term abbot used from time 
to time to be applied in early days to almost any priest of fame 
who followed the Benedictine rule, even if the community under 
him had been very small or of vague historic probability. 

The only possible solution of the difficulty — and it is set forth 
briefly, in default of anything better — is that St. Barloke may 
be identical with St. Barrog or Barroc, a British saint of some 
repute of the sixth century. St. Barrog, who was commemorated 
on November 29th, was a British saint of high birth, of the age 
of St. David ; he became an anchorite, and was buried on the 
island of Barry, which is said to have taken its name from the 
recluse who hallowed it. The church of Bedwas, ISIonmuuth- 
shire, is dedicated in his honour. The recent discovery of early 
pre-Xorman crosses, which were built uj) into the fabric of 
Norbury Church, make its dedication t(j an early national saint 
all the more probable; for in those days it was customary to 
dedicate churches in honour of saints who had first preached 
Christianity in the particular place or district, or whose names 



THE CHURCH OF NORBURY. 77 

were he\(\ in reverent and real or recent memory liy the first 
founders. Surh dediralions were often disliirlied i:)y sul)seqiient 
Norman re-huildin^s, l)ut where they are met with they are 
frequently in association with the remains of ancient Christian 
crosses. Thus in Derbyshire there are, anions; the few old 
dedications of English origin, those of St. Werhurgh at Black- 
well and Spondon ; St. Alkmund at Derby ; and St. Chad at 
Wilne ; and in every one of these cases there are highly 
interesting remains of pre-Conquest crosses. 

A further slight correction to the list of rectors given in 
1877 .should be made. John Drope was then inserted between 
rectors who were respectively instituted in 1627 and 1639; but 
a certain doubt was expressed as to his right to that position, 
as no mention of him could be found either at Lichfield or in 
the returns of the Augmentation Office. The matter can, 
however, now be set at rest. John Dropes plain table-monu- 
ment used to stand against the south wall of the chancel, but 
was ejected in the 1842 " restoration."' It now stands in the 
churchyard near the south entrance. Tt used to bear on the 
top slab the simple words, " a.d. 1629, John Drope, Septem. 
29." To these were added, about 1875, the words, "Rector 
of Norbury, formerly Demy, of Magd. Coll., Oxford." John 
Drf)pe was a member of a Northamptonshire family dis- 
tinguished in the seventeenth century annals of Magdalen 
College. He was, in conjunction with his two brothers, 
educated as a boy in the Magdalen choir school, and was 
one of the chapel choristers. He subsequently became a 
Demy of the college, took his B.A. degree, and became a 
fellow of the college in 1608-9; M.A., 1612; proctor, 1618; 
B.D., 1619; Vice-President of Magdalen, 1620; licen.sed 
preacher, 1623; rector of Grindon, Staffordshire, 1626; and 
rector of Norbury, Derbyshire, 1628. He held this rector)' 
for a very short time, for he died, as stated on the monument, 
on September 29th, 1629.* 



* Foster's A/iiiimi Oxotiienses ; nnd Bloxam's and Macray's Ufat^dahn 
/\es;isters. 



78 



THE CHURCH OF NORBUKV. 




THE CHURCH OF NORBURY. 79 

The church of St. Barloke consists of chancel, nave, north 
aisle, and tower between two chapels on the south side of the 
nave, forming a most unusual ground plan.* 

A careful examination of the squared stones of the fabric, 
made by me in 1887, brought to light the fact that at least 
a score bore obvious traces of the characteristic " axeing " of 
Norman masons, proving that the present structure is largely 
composed of material that had been used in the Norman church 
of the twelfth century, which was doubtless erected on the site 
of the previous ruder church of Saxon origin. For, if Norman 
stone dre.ssing could be detected on so many stones, there would 
doubtless be very many more whence the axeing had worn off 
in course of time, or in which the dressed surface had been 
turned inwards or re-trimmed. 

Three moulded stones of Norman workmanship have also 
recently been noted. One of these is ju.st above the south-east 
chapel arch, and the two others were placed in the south-west 
chapel, f 

The substantially built twelfth century Norman church, con- 
sisting of nave and chancel, apparently sufficed for the worship 
of this retired village until the fourteenth, when a new chancel 
was erected on a large scale. At the west end of the nave are 
some remains of the internal splays of a doorway, which may 
have been part of some slight modification or alteration of 
thirteenth century date. But there seems to be no doubt that 
an aisleless Norman nave was extant when the chancel was 
rebuilt on so grand a scale. The length of the nave was then, 
as now, about 50 feet, and as the builders of the twelfth 
century were generally fairly uniform in their dimensions, it 
may be assumed that the length of the former chancel was 
about 25 feet, or not much more than half that of its successor. 

When Mr. Henry Bowman wrote and illustrated his most useful 
and timely quarto volume on Specimens of the Ecclesiastical 

* For the ground plan (page 78) we are much indebted to Messrs. 
Naylor and Sale. 

t For this information I am indebted to the Rev. Douglas Adamson, 
who became rector of Norburv in 18194, and in whom this much-misused 
church has at last found a faithful and zealous custocli.in. 



So THE CHURCH OF WORBURY. 

Architecture of Great Britain (Parker, 1846), he took the 
remotely situated but "very interestin;,' and beautiful churrh "' 
of Norliury as the most suitable one he could iind wherewith 
to begin the work, and gave the first and, indeed, the only 
critical architectural account of it that has been pui)lished. 
Taken as a whole, Mr. Howman considered that the architec- 
tural composition of the church was " exceedingly pleasing," 
notwithstanding the somewhat " glaring discordance " between 
the chancel and the rest of the edifice. His actual phrases 
with regard to the exterior of the chancel and its buttresses 
may with advantage be reproduced. " The general character 
of the exterior of this chancel is at once i)old and chaste, an 
effect more of outline and proportion than of deeply cut mould- 
ings or elaborate workmanship, for not the least remarkable 
peculiarity in its composition is the great simplicity and elegance, 
not only of the general features, but also of the details. The 
dignity and boldness of the buttresses, and the chaste simplicity 
of the parapet harmonize admirably with the light, elegant, and 
just proportions of the windows, and the whole composition is 
calculated to produce a very pleasing impression on the mind. 
The buttresses are peculiar, though divided into two stages 
above the string course : these are both of equal projection, .so 
that there is, in fact, no set-off; and, again, the pyramidal 
cappings with which the buttresses are surmounted are unlike 
anything we have before met with of the same period ; those of 
the angle buttresses are different from the rest, but still peculiar, 
being splayed off on two sides only, without any projecting 
mouldings."* 

With regard to the date of this remarkable chancel, it 
requires some boldness to differ from one of our very first 
ecclesiologists, Mr. J. T. Micklethwaite, F.S.A. ; but in this case, 

* Mr. Bowman's plates of this church are ten in number: (i) ground 
plan ; (2) view from south-east ; (3) external elevation of south side of 
chancel ; {4) a window on south side of chancel, coloured ; (5) coloured 
glass of same in detail ; (6) interior view of chancel ; (7) internal elevation 
of south side of chancel ; (8) details of stalls, double piscina, parapet, 
an<l other mouldings; (9) window, north side of chancel, coloured; and 
(10) coloured glass of same in detail. 



THE CHURCH OF NORBURY. 8 1 

as the result of nearly a dozen careful and critical visits to 
this church, independently of close research into its printed and 
manuscript history, I have not the slightest hesitation in doing 
so, and am quite confident that Mr. Micklethwaite would 
himself reverse his opinion on further consideration. In a 
report that he made on this church when about to be restored 
at the close of the year 1898, which was published in the county 
papers, he stated that — " Except some small remains at the 
west end, the oldest part of the church is the chancel, which is 
of very unusual character and very fine. I think it was 
finished and the windows glazed before the great pestilence of 

I349-" 

As to the architectural style, it would be exceedingly difficult 
to produce any English work known to be prior to that great 
check on building and on every other work of man's hands— the 
Black Death of 1348-9 — which would compare with the main 
features or with certain details of Norbury church. There is, 
for instance, an awkwardness in the arrangement of the tracery 
in the upper part of the centre of the large east window, which 
clearly speaks of an approach to the style that is usually termed 
Perpendicular, and which would have been almost impossible 
in the first half of the fourteenth century. 

With respect, too, to the glass, which is obviously coeval 
with the fabric, there is no room for doubt that the treatment 
shows a considerable advance on the grisaille designs of York, 
Exeter, and other examples in England of the first half of the 
fourteenth century, as well as on those in use during a like 
period in France.* 

Mr. Bowman's conjecture as to the date of the chancel, 
knowing nothing of the history of the fabric and judging solely 
on comparative architectural lines, was that it was built between 
1370 and 1380. If this surmise errs, it is in putting the date 
rather too late, and possibly 1360 would be nearer the mark.t 

* Westlake's History of Design in Painted Glass, 4 vols. (P.irker, 
1881-1894); F. de Lasteyrie's Hisioire de la feinture sur Verre d^apres ses 
monuments en France, 2 vols. (1857). 

+ The heraldic display in the windovi's also favours the second half of 
the fourteenth century ; but this is too big a matter for present discussion. 

6 



82 THE CHURCH OF NOREURY. 

Coming to history, the episcopal registers show that Henry 
Kniveton was instituted to this rectory in 1349, the verj' year 
of the awful pestilence, on the presentation of Sir John 
Fitzherbert, and that his successor was not instituted until 
1395. Between these two dates the chancel of.Norbury must 
have been erected. The Meynell MSS. and the Rawlins MSS., 
as the result of visits made to this church in the respective 
years 181 7 and 1823, make mention of the fact of an inscrip- 
tion on a slab in the floor of the chancel to the memory of 
Henry Kniveton, wherein it was stated that he was the builder 
of the chancel. This slab was apparently ejected and never 
replaced during the restoration of 1842. 

In addition to that which has been cited from Mr. Bowman's 
discriminating remarks as to this somewhat peculiar and beauti- 
ful example of a fourteenth century chancel, a few other brief 
lemarks may be permitted. Its interior measurements are 
46 ft. 6 in. by 20 ft. A particular feature of its nine large 
windows, for it has four on each side, is the insertion in each 
case, at the central intersection of the upper tracery, of a well 
carved double flower or rose of twelve petals. It should be 
noticed that the five lights of the large east window are of 
imequal width, the centre one being 3 ft. 6 in. in breadth 
between the mullions, the two next lights 2 ft. 9 in., and the 
outside lights 2 ft. 7 in. The arcade work of the interior of the 
chancel also deserves mention. The walls below the window 
string.s, save at the east end, are filled in with a series of 
slightly sunk cinque-foil headed arches, five below each window. 
One of these arches in the south wall is occupied by the piscina 
niche, which has a double drain and a double credence shelf. 
Against the same wall are three sedilia of equal height, but 
without any canopies over them. 

The simple old Norman church had been doubtless content 
with a mere bell gable turret, for one or two bells, at the west 
end of the nave, and this continued to serve for some time after 
the erection of the splendid chancel by Hector Kniveton, 
who was a man of considerable wealth. In the early years. 



THE CHURCH OF NORBURY. 83 

liowever, of the fifteenth century there was a desire for better 

arrommndation for bells, and a small tower was built for their 

accommodation. Mr. Micklethwaite considers that it M'as 

erected " about a hundred years after the rebuilding of the 

chancel . . . and that it is a good ordinary work of the 

time." At all events, this tower was built some time in the 

first half of the fifteenth century. Its position in the middle 

of the south wall of the nave is decidedly unusual, and the 

lower story was utilised to form a porch. There is a good 

reason why such a position should have been chosen, which 

has not, I believe, been hitherto noted by anyone. There used 

to be a covered entrance or gallery from the adjacent manor 

house immediately to the west of the church, which allowed 

the Fitzherberts to enter a loft at the west end of the parish 

church without going into the open air. The old tenant 

of the manor house, whose family had been there for several 

generations, more than once pointed out to me, in the 

" .seventies," the exact position of this passage, much of which 

was still standing when Mr. Meynell visited the church early in 

the nineteenth century.* This communication at the west end 

of the fabric was probably the reason why the new tower was 

not built in the usual place. Somewhat later, towards the close 

of the fifteenth century, further great changes were made in the 

fabric. The nave was rebuilt, and a north aisle added, as well 

as a clerestory. The position of the tower rendered a south 

aisle impossible ; but chapels were designed east and west of 

the tower to produce as near an approach to an aisle as was 

possible without the removal of the tower. This work was 

designed and most of it carried out by Nicholas Fitzherbert, 

tenth lord of Norbury, who died in 1473. By the side of his 

monument, which originally stood in the south-east chapel, was 

the following epitaph, which has now been copied anew from 

Le Neve's manuscript collection of inscriptions: — 

" In Northbury church in Derbyshire, on a tombe in a little chapel, on 
the right hand — 

* Such a communication with the parish church was not uncommon 
in old days, in cases where the manor house adjoined the church, and 
where the family was devout. There was another Derbyshire instance 
at Morlev. 



54 THE CHURCH OF NORBURY. 

(An *CCCC seventy and three 

Yeres of our Lord passed in degree 

The body that beried is under this stone 

Of Nichol Fitzherbert Lord and Patrone 

Of Norbury with AUs the daughter of Henry Bothe 

Eight sonnes and five daughters he had in sothe 

Two sonnes and two daughters by Isabel his wyfe 

So seventeen Children he had in his lyfe 

This Church he made of his own expence 

In the joy of Heaven be his recompence 

And in moone (sic) of November the nineteenth dey 

He bequeathed his Soule to everlasting jey.) 

M. S. P. L."+ 
In the chancel is an alabaster slab with the incised figure of 
a priest under a canopy, in eucharistic vestments, and holding 
a chalice. The stone is much worn, and only parts of the 
marginal inscription are legible ; but sufficient remains to show 
that Henry Prince, who was rector from 1466 to 1500, re-roofed 
the chancel. This re-roofing and reconstruction of the western 
end of the chancel became necessary owing to the rebuilding 
of the nave, and a lower pitch of the chancel roof was adopted 
to make it harmonise with the clerestoried nave. It would 
probably be at this time that the chancel arch disappeared. 
The absence of a chancel arch is a decidedly uncommon feature 
of an old church in the Midlands, but the fifteenth century 
church builders of Cornwall and North Devon usually did away 
with this arch, and thus gave greater facilities for the erection 
of elaborate screens and rood-lofts that were then becoming so 
fashionable. When the chancel roof was lowered the side walls 
were slightly raised, but the pointed edge to the battlements, 
of peculiar and effective design, which I believe to be of four- 
teenth century date, was happily retained and replaced. It 
was suggested about the middle of last century, and is now 
sometimes repeated, that the exceptional form of this parapet 
was an imitation of the heraldic vaire, which occurs in the 
arms of Fitzherbert of Norbury (Arg., a chief vaire, or and 
gidcs, over all a bend sable). But irrespective of the extra- 
vagant idea of imitating a mere fur, which was only equivalent 

* 5?V, the M being omitted. \ Harl. MSS. 3606, f. 21. 




NoRBURv Church. Interior from the East. 



•/. J'icffl?- Haslan 



THE CHURCH OF NORBURY. 85 

to a colour and formed no part of an heraldic design, a close 
inspection of the actual design will show that the supposed 
similarity does not really exist, and has at most but a vague 
resemblance. 

The work of reconstruction designed by Nicholas Fitzherbert 
was accomplished by his grandson, John Fitzherbert, twelfth 
lord of Norbury, who built the south-west chapel. He did not 
die until 1531, but by his will, dated September 21st, 151 7, 
he left his body to be buried in the parish church of Norbury 
" under the newe made arche benethe the Steple or elswhere 
God shall otherwyse dispose it." The plain table tomb to his 
memory, with alabaster sides, now stands again in its original 
position, namely, under the arch into the chapel to the west of 
the tower. A brass plate on the upper slab is thus inscribed : — 

" Hie jacet corpus Johis Fitzherbert Armigeri quonda Dili hus manerii 
q' obiit in vigilia Sancti Jacobi apostoli auno di MCCCCC tricesimo primo 
ciis aie ppiciet de' ame." 

As to the interior of the church, there is one important detail, 
which is older than any of the monuments or other remains, 
save a few uninscribed coffin lids or old memorial stones, and 
that is the thirteenth century font, which is of simple but 
effective design. It is figured in Paley's Illuslrations of 
Baptismal Fonts (1844), where it is thus described: — "The 
design of this font is that of a short Early English clustered 
pillar, the bell capital forming the bowl. The shafts of which 
the pillar is composed make a square, those of the angles being 
filleted. It is a plain but very good specimen of its style, and 
is most probably about the same date as the font at Ash- 
burne. ' 

This church is rich in monumental remains. The oldest 
definite monument is the stone effigy of a knight, which was 
made the subject of many journeyings up and down the church 
during last century. In the " seventies " it was placed in the 
most inappropriate place of all, namely, in the very centre of 
the chancel, as though to be as effective an obstacle as possible 
to decency of worship. It has now been happily placed under 
the archway leading into the south-east chapel of the nave, 



o6 THE CHURCH OF NORBURV. 

where it formerly stood for a long time. Its original position 
cannot be known, for it is older than any part of the present 
fabric. The figure, which is of a hard stone, and in fairly good 
preservation, represents a knight clad in chain armour, with a 
hood of the same on his head, whilst over the armour is a 
surcoat. The right hand is on the hilt of the sword, and on 
the left arm is a shield. This is the monument of Sir Henry 
Fitzherbert, fifth lord of Norbury. He came into his inheri- 
tance in 1267; the exact year of his death is not known, but 
he was living in 1310. He rebuilt the manor house at the 
beginning of the fourteenth century, and to him was probably 
due the gallery that led into the church. 

There are but few parish churches in England that possess 
two such beautiful effigy-bearing table-tombs of the fifteenth 
century as those of the tenth and eleventh lords of Norbury. 
The tomb of Nicholas Fitzherbert* (1473) bears his knightly 
effigy delicately carved in alabaster, in plate armour of the 
period. His head, with short-cut, straight hair, rests on a helmet 
surmounted by the crest of a clenched gauntleted hand. Round 
the neck is the collar of suns and roses, with a lion pendant, 
which was the badge of Edward IV. There are not many 
effigies extant wearing this collar ; Derbyshire, however, has 
another example, which occurs on the brass to Roger Bothe 
(1476), in Sawley church. Roger was brother-in-law to Nicholas 
of this monument. The long sword rests by the knight's left side, 
and of all the beautifully finished details of the monument none 
show more care than the iiarticulars of the sword belt. There 
can be little doubt that such effigies as this were not only 
designed by the sculptor as portraits, but that the actual armour 
and ornaments were faithfully copied from those worn by the 
deceased. The feet rest upon a lion, with the curious addition 
of a minute angel on the lion's back supporting the tip of the 
right foot. The east end of the tomb is blank, and was 
probably so originally as a necessity of its position. At the 
west end are two female figures, which were certainly intended 

* Styled in error Sir Nicholas in Churches of Derbyshire. 



THE CHURCH OF NORBURV. 87 

to represent his wives, Alice Bothe and Isabel Ludlow. 
Originally, names were painted beneath these figures, as well 
as below all those on the sides of the tomb. In 1871, on the 
occasion of my first note-taking visit to this church, fragments 
of the lettering could still be detected, as well as traces of 
red, blue, green, and gold on various parts of the monument. 
Below one of the two figures at the west end the letters " Al — " 
could be plainly read. The sides of the monument are panelled 
into numerous niches to contain, beneath crocketed ogee 
canopies, small figures of the large family born to Nicholas 
Fitzherbert. On the south side are the eight sons of Nicholas 
by his first wife Alice. They are represented as (1) a man in 
armour, with a mauble having a cross patee on the left shoulder ; 
(2) a lawyer, with a scroll in his left hand ; (3) a monk, with 
a book under the left arm ; (4) a figure in a long gown, but 
the head gone; (5) a man, bare-headed, in a long gown; (6) a 
man in civilian dress, with gypciere at the girdle ; (7) a civilian 
like the last, but wearing a collar of roses ; (8) the same as 
the last, but the head gone. Of these eight sons, the following 
are to be found in old pedigrees : — Ralph, the eldest son and 
heir ; John Fitzherbert, of Etwall, who married Dorothy Babing- 
ton ; Robert, of Uphall, Hertford, who married Elizabeth 
Jocelyn ; Roger, the fourth son ; and William, the fifth. 

There were also five daughters by Nicholas's first wife, and 
two sons and two daughters by the second wife. These nine 
appear on the north side of the tomb — the two sons in civilian 
dress, six of the daughters in the usual dress of ladies of the 
period, and one daughter as a nun, with veil and rosary.''' 
Beneath the nun are (or were) traces of the name Millicent. 
The five daughters of the first marriage were : Joan, the wife 
of John Cotton ; Elizabeth, the wife of Edward Crosby ; Isabel, 
the wife of Anthony Babington; Dulcibella, and Anne. 

* I have just (March, 1903) found, in searching the London diocesan 
registers, the name of Dorothy Fitzherbert, in a 1489 list of nuns of the 
important ahlicy of Barking, Essex, and have little or no doubt that she was 
another of the daughters of Ralph Fitzherbert. 



88 THE CHURCH OF NORBURY. 

The epitaph that used to pertain to this monument has been 
already cited. This monument now stands on the south side 
of the chancel. On an alabaster slab is the incised effigy of 
a lady with a reticulated head-dress. It is much worn, but 
enough of the inscription remains to show that it was in memory 
of Alice Bothe, the first wife of Nicholas Fitzherbert. 

The other fine alabaster table-tomb, on the north side of the 
chancel, bears the effigies of Ralph Fitzherbert,* son and heir 
of Nicholas, and his wife Elizabeth, daughter and heir of John 
Marshall, of Upton. This monument is so precisely similar in 
its whole treatment to that of Nicholas that it is not only 
obviously the work of the same sculptor or school of Notting- 
ham sculptors in Chellaston alabaster, but was also probably 
executed at the same date, namely, subsequent to the death 
of Ralph in 1483, when it would appear that John Fitzherbert, 
twelfth lord of Norbury, gave orders for the erection of tombs 
to both his father and grandfather. Ralph's effigy is very 
similar in arrangement to that of his father, one of the few 
points of difference being that the tip of the right foot is 
sustained by the diminutive crouching figure of a bearded bedes- 
man. The collar found by Edward IV. is also round his neck, 
but with a boar as pendant — the cognisance of Richard III. 
His lady wears a close bodice and gown, which have been 
painted green, and a mantle painted red. The hair is arranged 
in a pointed, reticulated head-dress, on which are some traces 
of gilding. Encircling her neck is a chain, on the pendant of 
which are the Blessed Virgin and Child. There are two small 
dogs at the foot of her robe, and the cushion beneath her head 
is supported by two angels. The east end of this tomb is also 
blank, and at the west end are three angels holding shields. 
On Ihe north side are six niches under crochetted canopies — 
(i) A man in armour, with mantle of the Knights of Rhodes; 
(2) an ecclesiastic with tippet or hood; (3) a pilgrim with hat 
on left .shoulder; (4) a civilian; (5) a boy in a long gown; 
and (6) two boys. On the south side are eight daughters under 

* He was not a knight, as stated in error in Churches of Derbyshire. 



THE CHURCH OF NORBURY. 89 

six canopies, four of them wearing head-dresses like their 
mother, and the other four in younger attire. All the children 
hold shields, which were formerly emblazoned. Ralph's sons 
were : John, the eldest son and heir ; Henry, a mercer of Lon- 
don ; Anthony, the famous judge ; Richard, knight of Rhodes ; 
Thomas, D.C.L., rector of Norbury and Northwingfield, and 
precentor of Lichfield ; William, prebendary of Hereford and 
Lincoln, Chancellor of Lichfield, and rector of Wrington, 
Somerset; and a seventh son, who died in his youth. The 
five daughters who married were : Dorothy, wife of Thomas 
Comberford ; Edith, wife of Thomas Babington of Dethick ; 
Agnes, wife of Richard Lister; Elizabeth, wife of . . . 
Foljambe ; and Margaret, wife of Nicholas Purefoy. One of 
the unmarried daughters was Alice, abbess of Polesworth, 
Warwick. 

Le Neve's manuscript collection of epitaphs supplies the 
following, which has long ago disappeared : — 
" In Northbury Church in Derbyshire. — 

(The dart of Death that no man may flee 

Nay the common laws of mortallitie 

Hath demanded to be buried here 

The body of Rafe Fitzherbert Squiere 

Patrone of this Church and of this towen lord 

The which deceased yeares of our lord 

1483 
Of Marcs the second dey thus parted hee 
With him is layd upon this sepulture 
Elsabeth his wyfe begon in sure 
Daughter of John Marshall 
Esq. lord of Upton and of Sedsall. 

7 sonnes 8 daughters they had in fere 
In this lyfe together whilst that they were 
Merciful Jesu that pitiest mankind 
In thy blysee graunt them a place to fynde. 
Prestes ambobus requiem Deus.) 

MS. P. L."* 
This monument used to stand under the easternmost arch 
of the north aisle arcade, and was moved to the chancel in 
1842. On the floor of the chancel, also moved from the north 

*Harl. MSS. 3607, f. 8. 



9° THE CHURCH OF NORBURY. 

aisle, is a separate memorial to Elizabeth, the wife of Ralph 
Fitzherbert. It represents a figure tied up in a shroud. The 
inscription is now almost quite illegible. Elizabeth survived 
her husband, dying in 149 1. By her will, of the previous year, 
she left her body to be buried, as has been already stated, 
in " the Churche of Seint Barloke," before the image of 
St. Nicholas. 

The two beautiful tombs to Nicholas and Ralph Fitzherbert, 
which were two of the very finest of their kind and date ever 
made in England, have suffered scandalously during the thirty 
and odd years that I have known them. In their present 
condition they are still beautiful remnants of works of art, but 
their maltreatment in recent years has been most grievous. 
On this ix)int, however, it will be better to let someone else 
speak. 

When Sir Ernest Clarke, F.S.A., visited this church in Januar)', 
1893, he found the Christmas "decorations" in i^osition. He 
described to the Society of Antiquaries how " the fine effigy 
of Sir Henry Fitzherbert, situated in the centre of the chancel, 
was practically smothered with boughs and twigs of fir, which 
had been stuck in every crevice. The chancel was decorated 
all round with the same gruesome material ; and as the two 
magnificent altar tombs to Sir Nicholas Fitzherbert (1473) ^"^ 
of his son Ralph (1483) were fixed very close to the north 
and south sides of the chancel, it could hardly be expected 
that they would emerge unscathed from the depredations of 
the Christmas decorators. We counted on one t(jmb alone 
twenty-five recent chippings of the alabaster, especially on the 
side nearest the wall, and a further search would doubtless 
have revealed more."* 

John Fitzherbert, twelfth lord of Norbury, who died in 1517, 
had one son Nicholas, who predeceased his father, so that 
Norbury then reverted to his younger brother Anthony — a man 
of much celebrity and probity. Sir Anthony Fitzherbert, who 
became a most distinguished judge, was born in 1470, called 

* Proceedings of Soc. of Antiq. xv., 97. 



I 



THE CHURCH OF NORBURY. 9 1 

to the bar in 1511, knighted in 1516, and made one of the 
Justices of the Common Pleas in 1522. He died in 1538. 

The monument to Sir Anthony, a large blue stone with brasses, 
used to be in the gangway of the nave, but was moved into 
the chancel in 1842. In the centre are effigies of Sir Anthony 
and his second wife, but the head of the judge is missing. In 
additi(jn to shields of arms there is a group of five girls below 
the dame, with their names at their feet — " Dorothe & dame 
dorothe, Elyzabethe, Alys, & Katheryn.' The first and fourth 
of these daughters died in childhood, and they are represented 
of smaller stature than their three other sisters. The indent 
for the figures of five sons below the father remains, but the 
brass is missing. Dorothy Willoughby, the judge's first wife, 
does not appear on this memorial ; there is an inscription to 
her memory in Middleton church, Warwickshire. The lady by 
the judge's side is Maud Cotton, his second wife, by whom he 
had ten children. Below the figures is a Latin epitaph in four- 
teen lines of Elegiac verse. The composition was originally 
completed by a marginal inscription, with the evangelistic sym- 
bols at the angles. Of this inscription only a few fragments 
remain, but the whole can be recovered from Le Neve's collec- 
tions.* This remarkable brass was perfect in all its parts until 
it was removed during the unhappy and destructive restoration 
of 1842. At that time several of the brasses got loose, and 
the figure of Sir Anthony and the plate with the Elegiac verses 
were for a long time lying neglected at the rectory;! and other 
smaller pieces got stolen. In 1871 I made the discovery that 
some of the then loose pieces were " palimpsests '' or re-used 
fragments of older brasses. These prove to be portions of 
brasses of fourteenth and fifteenth century date that had been 
despoiled from other churches, one of them being the epitaph 
of one Thomas, the prior of some religious house. The spoiling 

* It is not necessary to give copies of these inscriptions, or to describe 
the heraldry and the iialimpsests, as this was done thoroughly bv Mr. St. 
John Hope' in U. & N. H. S. Journal, iv., 48-56. 

t A distinguished lady writer, niece of the then rector, has told me 
how she used to play with them. 



92 THE CHURCH OF NORBURY. 

of the monasteries, and the sale of their memorials, was in full 
swing at the time of Sir Anthony's death. 

The best thanks of all Derbyshire antiquaries, and of eccle- 
siologists at large, are due to Sir Ernest Clarke, through whose 
protests it came about that the proper fixing of the loose parts 
of this brass was undertaken by the Society of Antiquaries in 
1895. Rubbings of the reverse sides of the different brasses 
are now kept in the vestry. 

Sir Anthony Fitzherbert was considered the greatest lawyer 
of his day, and was pre-eminently distinguished for his upright- 
ness. He published various standard legal works. Sir Anthony 
has also long been credited with the authorship of notable 
books on husbandry and surveying, but Sir Ernest Clarke has 
now proved, beyond any possible gainsaying, that the author 
was his elder brother John. 

A floorstone, formerly in the north-east chapel, but now in 
front of the priest's door, is inscribed to the memory of the 
last of the Fitzherberts buried at Norbury : — " Here lyeth the 
body of Ann Fitzherbert, wife of William Fitzherbert, Esq., 
and eldest daughter of Sir Basill Brook, of Madely, in the 
county of Salop. She had seven sons and four daughters, and 
deceased the 9th of July, 1653." 

Striking as are the monuments of Norbury church, it is yet 
more remarkable for its wealth of old glass. 

In Warrington's great folio work on painted glass, published 
in 1848, Norbury is cited first among the few parochial churches 
which afford " remarkably good examples " of the lighter styles 
of coloured glass of the fourteenth century.* Mr. Winston also 
formed a high estimate of the exceptional interest of the glass 
in this church, though he was in error in fixing the date of 
the chancel glass in the first half of the fourteenth century, t 

Though its beauty and age have sometimes been exaggerated, 
I am fully prepared, after far greater experience, to repeat 
what was written more than a quarter of a century ago, namely, 
" there certainly are not six parish churches in the kingdom 

* The History of Stained Glass, p. 39. 

t Winston's Hints on Glass Painting, 2nd edit. (1S67), plate xx. 



THE CHURCH OF NORBURY. 93 

that have so fine and extensive display.' Jt suffered, how- 
ever, most grievously during the nineteenth century. The 
great east window of the chancel, which had far the finest glass 
of all, got into bad repair about 1800, when the then rector, 
Mr. Mills, actually blocked it up with lath and plaster, in order 
to save the expense of repairing it, for which he as rector was 
legally liable. His successor. Rev. Thomas Bingham, was 
offered a large sum of money by a Roman Catholic family 
of Yorkshire, for permission to remove what remained of this 
east window glass to a private chapel. The offer was at first 
(1823) declined, but seems afterwards to have been accepted. 
At all events, this beautiful figure glass disappeared shortly 
afterwards, and cannot now be traced.* At this time all the 
clerestory windows of the nave, the large west window, and the 
windows of the north aisle — in fact, all the windows of the 
church — retained their coloured glass in but a slightly damaged 
condition. 

When, however, the time came for the well-intentioned, but 
reckless and disastrous, restoration of 1842, the east window 
was again opened, and it was decided to remove the glass from 
the body of the church to fill it up. This unfortunate decision 
not only caused much damage and loss to the old glass in course 
of removal, but it effectually destroyed the harmony and con- 
sistency of the scheme of the chancel colouring by placing 
fifteenth century glass in juxtaposition with work of a very 
different style, and at least a hundred years earlier in date. 
On some of the quarries of the east window, as at present glazed, 
may be noticed the initials N. and A., and others the golden star 
or rose en soleil, the badge of Edward IV., showing that it was 
glass put in by Nicholas and Alice Fitzherbert, circa 1450. 
Other pieces, taken from the south-west chapel, bear J.F., 
representing the initials of John Fitzherbert, circa 1500. In 
the centre light is a representation of the Holy Trinity, which 
was taken from the south-west chapel, and below it are the 

* The date of its disappearance almost exactly synchronises with the robbery 
of good glass from the chapel of Haddon Mall, a fact that can scarcely tiave 
been accidental. 



94 THE CHURCH OF NORBURY. 

figures of Saints Peter, Andrew, Philip, and James the Great; 
in the lower part of the two lights to the left are Saints Thomas, 
John, Bartholomew, and Simon ; and in the lower part of those 
on the right are Saints Matthew, James the Less, Jude, and 
Matthias. These figures of the twelve Apostles were taken from 
either the north aisle or the clerestory windows. There were 
only ten heads left when the removal was effected, and much of 
the drapery of some of the figures was either missing or broken 
up in the process. Over their heads were the different clauses 
of the Apostles' Creed in Latin, in accordance with the early 
tradition that attributed each sentence to a different apostle; 
but these have got confused and wrongly arranged in the course 
of transfer. In the upper part of the side lights are four saints, 
which are probably intended for Saints Chad, Margaret, Fabian, 
and Edward ; they were removed from the south-west chapel. 
In the tracery lights of this great window are six coats-of-arms — 
Cotton impaling Fitzherbert, Pole impaling Fitzherbert, Fitzher- 
bert impaling Babington, and two others, about which there is 
some uncertainty. 

The eight large windows in the side walls of the chancel 
still retain, for the most part, their original glazing. They are 
filled with grisaille glass, covered with scroll-work and leaf 
ornament, and admirably conceived interlacing patterns, relieved 
with occasional colouring in red and blue, and having a shield 
of arms inserted near the top of each of the main lights. In 
1842, certain parts were found to be missing, and they were 
clumsily reproduced on the cheap by mere brush daubing, which 
has already worn off in parts. The window that contains most 
of this smear work is the easternmost window on the south 
side. The patterns in the tracery lights, except most of the 
effective borders, are modern inventions, save in the second 
window, counting from the westward, on the north side. 

The due identification of the heraldic shields in each of these 
lights, together with the probable explanation for their presence 
at Norbury would take up more space than can be spared.* 

* I should now be able to make some slight corrections and several 
additions to the account given in vol. iii. of Churches of Derbyshire. 



THE CHURCH OF NORRURY. 95 

There is some interesting glass in the south-east chapel, 
though a good deal of it proves, on examination, to be the 
more imitative smear work of 1842. In the centre of the three- 
light east window is St. Anne teaching the Blessed Virgin to 
read, with a small crucifix above them; to the left is St. Wini- 
fred ; and to the right St. Scytha or Osyth.* In the base of 
this window are the arms of Fitzherbert impaling Bothe, with 
the figures of eight kneeling boys on one side, and five girls 
kneeling behind a lady on the other. The centre light of the 
south Avindow has a figure of Sancius Biirlok abbas ; to the left 
is St. John Baptist ; and to the right St. Anthony. At the ba.se 
of this window are a squire and two sons kneeling, and a lady 
and two daughters in the same attitude. These windows are 
obviously in commemoration of the two wives and two families of 
Nicholas Fitzherbert. 

In the west window of the nave are some quarries of glass, 
with the initials N. A. and a kneeling female figure, intended 
for St. Mary Magdalen. As late as 1823 there were represen- 
tations of the three Marys in this window. Here, also, are 
seven coats-of-arms of Fitzherbert alliances. 

Towards the end of 1898 an absolutely necessary reparation 
of the nave of the church was begun and carried to a most 
successful issue by Messrs. Naylor & Sale, at the expense of 
the patron, S. W. Clowes, Esq., and his family. The roofs 
of nave and aisles were in a dangerous condition and the 
\valls cracking in many places. The church was re-opened 
early in 1900. 

Meanwhile, the chancel roof began to give way, and the walls 
to fail in places. The rector was successful in obtaining sub- 
stantial help from the Bishop of the diocese and from general 
contributions, and a contract was signed with the same architects 
on January 21st, 1901, for the substantial repair of the chancel. 
In T902 this work, with liberal help from the present patron, 
Capt. H. A. Clowes, was also carried to a successful issue 

* Not St. Agatha, as I said in error in vol. iii. of Derbyshire Churches, 
a mistake corrected in the addenda to vol. iv. 



96 THE CHURCH OF NORBURY. 

after the best and most conservative fashion. Since then, 
Mrs. H. A. Clowes has offered to defray the cost of re-leading 
the old glass, which, being in an unsafe condition, is now 
being re-set by Messrs. James Powell & Sons, of Whitefriars. 
The total cost of the restoration of the Church was nearly 
£7,000. 

During the repair of the chancel a most interesting discovery 
was made. It became necessary, for due security, to take down 
and rebuild the buttress on the north side between the first 
and second bays from the east end in order to rebuild it. The 
result was, that two of the large base stones were found to be 
the shafts of beautifully ornamented pre-Xorman crosses. The 
Society is fortunate in having the description of these crosses 
from my friend, Mr. J. Romilly Allen, F.S.A., the great expert 
on such matters. 



^■^^Sii^ 





Pre-Norman Cross-shaft, No. i, found at Norbury. Front and Back. 

.Scale, 3^T linear. 



97 



laotfs on ^i»o ^vc=i^ormau (lEvogs Sl^afts 

fouutr at i^orljuvg, ^evi^gstjire, 

in 1902. 



By J. RoMiLLY Allen, F.S.A. 




|HE village of Norbury, Derbyshire, is situated on the 
south-east side of the river Dove, about half-way 
between Rocester and Ashbourne. The church is 
five minutes' walk ui^hill from the railway station. 
The two pre-Norman cross-shafts, which are hereafter 
described, were found at the end of 1902, during the restoration 
of the church, built into the foundations of one of the buttresses 
of the north wall of the chancel. The north-east corner of 
the chancel is .supported by two buttresses — one against the 
east wall, and the other against the north wall. The buttress 
into which the cross-shafts were built is the one next to the 
corner buttress on the west side of it. The foundations of 
this buttress were about 6 ft. deep, and the cross-shafts were 
found I ft. 6 ins. above the bottom. The longer cross-shaft 
formed one of the face stones on the west side of the buttress, 
and the shorter one occupied a similar position on the east 
side. The outer ends of the cross-shafts formed the two 
corners of the buttress, and the inner ends were bonded into 
the north wall of the chancel. The information here given 
was kindly supplied by the contractor for the restoration, Mr. 
William Gould, of Tutbury. 

The Gothic architects seem to have had a very wholesome 
contempt for the art of their predecessors ; so much so, that 
they felt no scruple whatever in chopping up an Anglo-Saxon 
7 



98 PRE-NORMAN CROSS-SHAFTS FOUND AT NORBURY. 

cross into blocks of convenient size, and utilizing the pieces 
thus obtained as building material. There are numerous 
instances of this practice in different parts of the kingdom, 
as at St. Andrew's Cathedral in Scotland, Durham Cathedral 
in England, Gosforth church, Cumberland, Leeds parish 
church, and in many other cases. However much we may 
regret the mutilation of the pre-Norman sculptureld monuments 
by the church builders of a later period, it must always be 
a source of satisfaction to the antiquary to think that portions 
of crosses which would otherwise have inevitably perished by 
long exposure to the weather have, in consequence of their 
usefulness as building material, been preserved, with the details 
of the ornamental carving as perfect now as it was nearly a 
thousand years ago. 

We will now proceed to describe the two pre-Norman 
fragments found at Norbury. 

No. I is a cross-shaft of sandstone, 5 ft. 3 ins. high by 
10 ins. wide at the top and i ft. 3 ins. wide at the bottom, 
by vi ins. thick at the top and 11^ ins. thick at the bottom, 
sculptured in relief on four faces, thus : — 

Front. — A single panel of ten-cord plaitwork with double-beaded cords. 

Back. — A single panel of interlaced work, composed of circular rings 
and would-be rings, with four pointed loops joined together, and the 
same pattern repeated three times. In the upper two repetitions of the 
pattern the circular rings are double, and in the bottom one they are 
treble. The circular rings are concentric in each case, und the cords 
forming the other would-be rings with four loops are crossed over and 
joined where each of the pointed loops meet, so as to make the inter- 
laced design continuous. The design terminates at the bottom in a small 
bit of three-cord plaitwork placed horizontally, leaving two cords with 
loose ends. All the cords are double-beaded. 

Right Side. — A single panel containing, at the top, a piece of inter- 
laced work composed of figure-of-eight knots with double-beaded cords ; 
and at the bottom the figure of a man holding an object resembling a 
staff in his hand. 

Left Side. — At the top, a small horizontal band of twisted work, 
forming the top of a single panel containing double-beaded interlaced 
work, composed of an undulating cord with Stafford knots in each of 
the bends. The lower part is defaced. 



m- 

^c^^^ 



^^ 



Pre-Norman Cross-shaft, No r foitvh .^ m 

. i^U r, FOUND AT NORBURY. TwO Si 
.Scale, jij linear. 



DES. 



PRE-NORMAN CROSS-SHAFTS FOUND AT NORBURY. 99 

No. 2 is a cross-shaft of sandstone, 3 ft. 9 ins. high by 

10 ins. wide at the top and i ft. 3 ins. wide at the bottom, 

by 7 ins. thick at the top and i ft. thick at the bottom, 
sculptured in relief on four faces, thus : — 

Front. — Portion of .1 single panel, much defaced, containing at the 
top a piece of four-cord plaitwork with double-beaded cords ; and below 
the figure of a man with his hands upraised in the ancient attitude of 
prayer. 

Back. — Portion of a single panel containing interlaced work, with 
double-beaded cords, composed of Stafford knots, having an additional 
cord interwoven with each, placed with the points of the knots facing 
outwards and repeated in two vertical rows. 

Eight and Left Sides. — Portions of single panels containing interlaced 
work, with double-beaded cords, formed by repeating figure-of-eight knots. 
On the angles of the shaft there is a peculiar hollow cable moulding. 

Only two kinds of decoration are made use of on the two 
Norbury cross-shafts, namely, interlaced work and figure 
subjects. The most elementary form of interlaced work is 
the simple plait. On shaft No. i there are plaits of ten and 
three cords, and on shaft Xo. 2 a plait of four cords. It 
is very unusual, either on the Celtic or Anglo-Saxon sculptured 
stones, to find so large a surface entirely covered with plait- 
work as on the panel on the front of shaft No. i. The only 
other instances I have come across of anything like such a 
large panel of plaitwork are on the Maen Achwyfan* in 
Flintshire, on a cross at Stonegravet in Yorkshire, and on 
a cross-shaft at St. Neot| in Cornwall. In the case of the 
Stonegrave cross, figures of men are introduced amongst the 
plaitwork, thus somewhat relieving the sameness of the pattern. 
In fact, plaitwork used thus in broad masses belongs rather 
to the Roman art of the first four or five centuries a.d. than 
to Celtic or Anglo-Saxon art; not, of course, on that account 
I wish to suggest anything like so early a date for the Norbury 
stones. 

* Archixologia Cambrensis, ser. v., vol. viii., p. 76. 

t Bishop G. F. Browne's Theodore and Wil frith, p. 231. 

+ A. G, Langdon's Old Cornish Crosses, p. 406. 



lOO PRE-NORMAN CROSS-SHAFTS FOUND AT NORBURY. 

I have shown elsewhere* how the two most common knots 
in pre-Norman work, namely, the Stafford knot and the figure- 
of-eight knot, are derived from a plait of three and four cords 
respectively. Now, a. knot, like the Stafford knot, which is 
derived from a plait of an uneven number of bands, has this 
disadvantage when used for purposes of decoration : that if 
repeated in a single row, the ends cannot be joined up so 
as to complete the pattern. One way out of the difficulty 
was to connect the interlaced work into the body of a serpentine 
creature, with the head of the reptile terminating one of the 
loose ends, and the tail the other. Another way (as the 
Cookery Book has it) is to introduce an additional cord pursuing 
an undulating course between the knots, as on the left side 
of shaft No. I, in which there are no loose ends. This 
peculiar pattern occurs elsewhere in the following instances : — 

On a cross at Aycliffe, county Durham (E. L. Cults' Sej^idchral 
Slabs, pi. 77). 

On a coped tombstone at Bexhill, Sussex [Jour. Brit. Archcvol. Assoc, 
vol. xli., p. 267). 

On a cross at Sancreed, Cornwall (A. G. Langdon's Old Cornish Crosses, 
p. 41). 

On a cross at Lanherne, Cornwall [ibid., p. 376). 

On a cross-shaft at Water-Pit Down, Cornwall [ibid., p. 376). 

In all of these the interlaced work is zoomorphic — that is 
to say, the cords are converted into a serpentine creature 
with a head at one end and a tail at the other. The head 
of the serpentine creature is at the top of the panel ; the body, 
which is made broader than the tail, then traverses the panel 
in undulating curves from side to side, until it reaches the 
bottom, where the direction is reversed, and it makes the return 
journey from the bottom to the top in a series of Stafford 
knots, each filling one of the spaces between the undulating 
body of the creature and the sides of the panel. Lastly, the 
end of the tail goes into the creature's mouth. It is more 
than likely that the design on left side of shaft No. i was 

* Archceologia Catnbrensis, ser. v., vol. xvi., p. 33. 



PRE-NORMAN CROSS-SHAFTS FOUND AT NORBURY. lOt 

of a similar kind, the head of the creature being on the lower 
part of the panel, which is now defaced. 

The figure-of-eight knot is so common a stock-in-trade of 
the Celtic and Anglo-Saxon decorative artist that it would be 
tedious to enumerate the number of sculptured mounments 
upon which it occurs. 

The interlaced pattern, composed of Stafford knots with an 
extra cord interwoven through each on the back of shaft 
No. 2, is a very effective bit of decoration. It occurs elsewhere 
on sculptured monuments at Ham and Checkley* in Stafford- 
shire, Glamis in Forfarshire, and Govan near Glasgow. On 
the fragment of a cross-shaft at Alstonfield in Staffordshire, 
a modification of this pattern may be seen, in which a pair 
of twisted cords are introduced in the middle between the knots. 

The interlaced design on the back of shaft No. i belongs 
to an entirely different kind from those hitherto described, 
because it is not derived from a plait, but from a device 
composed of a circular ring combined with a ring having four 
pointed loops. This device, in its simplest form, is probably 
of Scandinavian, rather than Celtic, origin. It occurs on the 
walrus-ivory chessmen from the Island of Lewis,! now in the 
British Museum, and on some of the Norman fonts of Norfolk, f 
The pattern on the back of the Norbury cross-shaft No. i 
is evolved from this device by increasing the number of 
circular rings and joining the corners of the other rings, which 
have four pointed loops, so as to make the design continuous 
when the interlaced rings are repeated in a row one below 
the other. It is possible that these devices composed of 
interlaced rings may have had some symbolical meaning! 
attached to them in the first instance. As far as I know, the 



* G. F. Browne " On Basketwork Figures of Men represented on 
Sculptured Stones" in Archaologia, vol. 1., p. 287. See also Bishop 
Browne's paper on the pre-Norman sculjitured stones of Derbyshire in the 
Journal of the Derbyshire Archaeological and Natural History Society, 
vol. viii., p. 164. 

t Archaologia, vol. xxiv., p. 214. 

X Reliquary for 1902, \\. 119. 



102 PRE-NORMAN CROSS-SHAFTS FOUND AT NORBURY. 

peculiar pattern on the back of Norbury cross-shaft No. i is 
only to be found elsewhere on the pillar-crosses at Ham and 
Checkley in Staffordshire.* 

There is not much to be said about the human figures on 
the Norbury cross-shafts, as their meaning is somewhat obscure. 

I have already pointed out the remarkable similarity which 
exists between the designs of the sculptured monuments at 
Checkley, Ham, and Alstonfield in Staffordshire, and those 
at Norbury in Derbyshire. I venture to call the whole of 
these the Dove Dale sub-group of the larger Mercian group 
of pre-Norman crosses. If casts of all the Mercian crosses 
were to be taken and arranged in the museums at Sheffield, 
Nottingham, or Derby, it would be possible to compare the 
whole group in a way that is not now possible. Most of the 
crosses are still exposed to the _ disintegrating effects of the 
weather, and the sculpture upon them is slowly, but none the 
less surely, being obliterated. How could a few hundred 
pounds be belter spent than in preserving some permanent 
record of these priceless treasures of early Christian art in 
England before il. is too late ? 



* A similar, but not identical pattern, occurs on the fragment of a 
cross-shaft at Stowe Nine Churches, Northamptonshire. (See C. A. 
Markham's S/one Crosses of N orthamptonshire, p. loS.) 



) 




THE COUNTESS OF SHREWSBURY 

" Bess of Hardwick." 

From the original picture in the possession 
of His Grace the Duke of Devonshire. 



TD., DERBV. 



io3 



Catalogue of t!)c pictures at l^artUDtcft 



IN THE POSSESSION OF 

His Grace the Duke of Devonshire, K.G. 

1903. 

To which is appended a short account of the Heraldry in the 

various rooms and on the Tapestry at Hardwick. 



By The Right Hon. Lord Hawkesburv, F.S.A., F.R.G.S. 






HIS Catalogue is copied, with necessary corrections 
and additions to bring it up to date, from one made 
in i860 by Lady Louisa C. Egerton (then Lady 
Louisa C. Cavendish), the only daughter of William, 
seventh Duke of Devonshire, and sister of the present Duke ; 
and that Catalogue was taken from one made by the late Lord 
Dover. During the sixth Duke of Devonshire's last visit to 
Hardwick, the Catalogue made hy Lord Dover was cut up 
and pasted on to the frames of the pictures. This being 
insecure. Lady Louisa re-wrote the Catalogue, adding dates and 
other information, which she obtained chiefly from Collins's 
" Peerage." The Catalogue made by her, being the only one 
now in existence, it seems advisable to place it on record in 
some more permanent form, so that it may be more easily 
accessible to all who are interested in this very valuable 
collection of historical portraits, and the offer of the Derbyshire 
Archaeological and Natural Historj' Society to print it in their 
forthcoming volume, in reply to my suggestion, made with the 
present Dukes api:)roval that this should be done, seems an 



104 CATALOGUE OF THE PICTURES AT HARDWICK HALL. 

excellent way of carrying this out. I have, therefore, extended 
it by adding considerably to the notes, dates, and other infor- 
mation connected with the persons represented in the portraits, 
and have api:)ended an account of the heraldry in the various 
rooms throughout the house, and also on the tapestry, with 
a few notes concerning the latter. 

I must offer my best thanks to Lady Louisa Egerton for 
the invaluable aid she has so kindly given me, without which 
this work could never have been done ; and also to the Rev. 
F. Brodhurst, Vicar of Heath with Ault Hucknall, who has 
most kindly lent six blocks to illustrate the Catalogue, which 
add much to its interest. 

HAWKESBURY. 

N.B. — The names of the portraits which are fixed to the 
frames were placed there, in 1879, by order of the present 
Duke, then Lord Hartington. 



THE CATALOGUE. 



GALLERY. 

South End. 

1. Queen Anne of England. 

2. William Russell, 5th Earl of Bedford, and afterwards 

1st Duke of Bedford, being so created ix May, 1694 
(father of William, Lord Russell). He married 11 July, 
1637, Anne, daughter and sole heir of Robert Carr, 
Earl of Somerset, and he died 7 Sept., 1700, in his 
87th year. 

3. Queen Elizabeth of England ; dressed in a gown 

embroidered with figures of animals. Full length. 



CATALOGUE OF THE PICTURES AT HARDWICK. HALL. I05 

4. Queen Mary II. uf England, wife of King William III. 

Full length. 

5. John, 9th Earl and 1st Duke uf Rutland, sun and heir uf 

the 8th Earl, born 29 May, 1638, at Boughton, 
Northants ; was created Marquess of Granby and Duke of 
Rutland 29 March, 1703. He died at Belvoir 10 
January, 1710-11. Full length; in coronation robes. 

West Side of Gallery. 

6. Eull-length portrait of a man in red; Iciitp. Charles I. 

6a. Oval portrait of Henry Clifford, 5th and last Earl of 
Cumberland; born 28 Feb., 1591, died 11 Dec, 1643. 
(Same as at Bolton Abbey ) 
6b. Princess Henrietta, daughter of King Charles I. 

7. Queen Elizabeth. Half length, by Zucchero. 

8. Queen Mary I. of England. Half length. 

N.B. — Mr. L. Cust thinks that this is the portrait of Margaret, 
Countess of Lennox, daughter of Margaret, Queen of Scotland, 
and mother of Henry, Lord Darnley, and Charles, Earl of Lennox. 

9. Henry FitzAlan, Earl of Arundel; small whole length, 

on horseback. He was born about 1513; married 
(i) Catherine, daughter of Thomas Grey, Marquess of 
Dorset; (2) Mary Diana, Countess of Sussex, daughter 
of Sir John Arundel, of Lanherne. He died 24 Feb- 
ruary, 1579-80. His only surviving child married 
Thomas, 4th Duke of Norfolk, and their eldest son, 
Philip, was Earl of Arundel. 

There are two shields painted on this picture — the one to the 
dexter : gules, a lion rampant or, FiisAlan, with Earl's coronet 
above; and the one to the sinister — quarterly (i) FitzAlan, as 
before, (2) barry of 8 or and gules, FitzAlan ancient, (3) Argent, 
a fesse and canton gules, W ydville ; (4) quarterly 1-4, sable a 
fret or, Maltravers ; 2-3, argent a chief azure, Clun. 

10. Richard Boyle, 1st Earl of Cork; born 3 October, 1566 
(being the second son of Roger Boyle, of Preston, near 
Faversham, Kent). He died at Youghal, 15 September, 
1643. Four of his sons became Peers, and the fifth 
was Robert Boyle, the philosopher. 



Io6 CATALOGUE OF THE PICTURES AT HARDWICK HALL. 

11. Full-length portrait of a man; unknown; a troop of 

cavalry in the distance, with a banner or standard, barry 
argent and gules, a canton of the first. 

N.B. — This picture came from Burlington House. 

12. George Cavendish, gentleman Usher to Cardinal Wolsey; 

head. 

There are four coats-of-arms painted, one in each corner of 
the panel: — (i) Cavendish, with a crescent or for diflference ; 
(2) Scudamore ; (3) Brecknock ; (4) Smith, of Podbrook, co. 
Suffolk. 

13. Thomas Cavendish, who died 1477. He married Catherine 

Scudamore (heiress of the Scudamore family). He was 
grandfather of George Cavendish and of Sir William 
Cavendish. Head ; reddish brown beard ; dressed in 
dark blue, with brown fur. 

On this picture is written: — "Thomas Caundishe, 24 April, 
I4S3-" 

14. William Cecil, Lord Burghley, Lord Higli Treasurer, from 

1572 till his death, 4 Aug., 1598, in his 77th year; 
wearing the Collar of the Garter, and holding the 
Treasurer's wand of office. Half length. See No. 138. 
The original of this portrait is at Burghley. 

15. Sir William Cavendish, Kt., second son and principal heir 

of Thomas Cavendish and Alice Smith, his wife. He 
married (i) Margaret, daughter of Edmund Eostock ; 

(2) Elizabeth, daughter of Thomas Conyngesby; and 

(3) in 1545, Elizabeth Hardwick, and died in 1557. 
Half length. 

16. Elizabeth Hardwick, daughter of John Hardwick, of 

Hardwick, the celebrated " Bess of Hardwick," Countess 
of Shrewsbury, who married (i) Alexander Barlow, of 
Barlow ; (2) Sir William Cavendish ; (3) Sir William St. 
Loe, of Tormarton, Co. Gloucester; (4) George Talbot, 
6th Earl of Shrewsbury, whom she survived. She died 
IT, February, 1607-8, aged 87. Her estate was worth 
jQGoyOoo a year, and she built five great houses — 
Worksop, Bolsover, Chatsworth, Hardwick, and Oldcotes, 
the latter being unfinished at her death. 



I 




GEORGE-SIXTH EARL OF SHREWSBURY. 

From the oiiginal picture in the possession 
of His Grace the Duke of Devonshire. 



RO. KEENE, LTD., DERBY 



,.-<?Sh ?•■"/' 



CATALOGUE OF THE PICTURES AT HARDWICK HALL. I07 

j6r. Princess Henrietta, daughter of King Charles I. 
Moved and re-numbered 6 b, which see. 

J 7. Sir William St. Loe, Captain of the Guard to Queen 
Elizabeth and Grand Butler of England. He was the 
third husband of Elizabeth Hardvvick, having married 
her (as his second wife) 25 October, 1557, and she 
induced him to leave his estates to her children, to the 
exclusion of his own daughters. 

18. George Talbot, 6th Earl of Shrewsbury, K.G., Earl 
Marshal. He was the fourth husband of Elizabeth 
Hardwick, having married her (as his second wife). He 
died 18 November, 1590. See Illustration. 

J 9. Arabella Stuart, half length, as a child. 

Inscription on the picture as follows: — " Arbella Cometissa 
Levenox aetatis suae 23 menses. Anno Do 1577." 

Moved to the Drawing Room, and No. 29, William ist Earl of 
Devonshire, brought here. 

20. Mary Cavendish, Countess of Shrewsbury. She was 

youngest surviving daughter of Sir William Cavendish 
and Elizabeth Hardwick, afterwards Countess of Shrews- 
bury, and wife of Gilbert Talbot, 7th Earl of Shrewsbuiy, 
whom she married 9 February, 1567-8. She died in 
1632, and was buried at Sheffield 14 April, 1632. Half 
length. 

21. Gilbert Talbot, 7th Earl of Shrewsbury. He was second, 

but eldest surviving, son of George, 6th Earl, by Lady 
Gertrude Manners, his first wife. He was born 
20 November, 1552, and died at his house in Broad 
Street, London, 8 May, 1616, leaving three daughters. 
Half length. 

22. William Cavendish, 2nd Earl of Devonshire. He was the 

second, but eldest surviving, son of the 1st Earl, and was 
born 1590. He was educated by the celebrated Thomas 
Hobbes, of Malmesbury, and died at his house, near 
Bishopsgate Street, London, 20 June, 1628. Head. 

23. Eliz.ibeth Hardwick, Countess of Shrewsbury. This 

portrait was painted at a later period of her life than 
No. 16. Half length. See Illustration, page 103. 



Io8 CATALOGUE OF THE PICTURES AT HARDWICK HALL. 

24. Henry Clifford, Earl of Cumberland (i:)robably the 2nd 

Earl, who was born 1517, being aged 25 at his father's 
death in 1542). He married (1) Eleanor, younger 
daughter and coheiress of Charles Brandon, Duke of 
Suffolk, by Mary Queen Dowager of France, sister of 
King Henry VIII. — she died 1547, leaving an only 
daughter — and he married (2) Ann, daughter of William 
Lord Dacre, and widow of Christopher, Lord Conyers. 
He died 8 January, 1569-70. 

25. Jane Seymour, Lady Clifford, youngest daughter of 

William Seymour, 2nd Duke of Somerset, by his second 
wife, Frances, daughter of Robert Devereux, 2nd Earl of 
Essex. She was bom 1637, and died 23 November, 1679, 
aged 42 years 2 months and i 7 days, and was buried in 
Westminster Abbey, in St. Nicholas' Chapel, 8 Decem- 
ber, 1679. 

26. Charles Boyle, Lord Clifford, second (but first surviving) 

son and heir-apparent of Richard, 1st Earl of Burlington, 
born December, 1639; summoned to the Irish House of 
Loi'ds in his father's title of Viscount Dungarvan, 
28 January, 1662-3; M.P. for Yorkshire 1679-89, when 
he was summoned to the House of Lords as Lord Clifford 
of Lanesborough. He married (i) Lady Jane Seymour 
[No. 25], and (2) Lady Arethusa Berkeley, sixth daughter 
of George, ist Earl of Berkeley, and he died in his 
father's Hfetime, 12 October, 1694. 

These two portraits have been moved tu the North Recess 
in place of No. 100 (William III.) and No. 155 (Lady Grace 
Talbot) moved here. 

152. William Cavendish, 3rd Earl of Devonshire. Date on 
picture, " 1638," when 20 years of age. 

151 Colonel Charles Cavendish. 

See No. 28 and No. 154. 

27. Christian Bruce, Countess of Devonshire, wife of the 

2nd Earl [No. 22], daughter of Edward Bruce, ist Lord 
Kinloss, Master of the Rolls, and sister to Thomas, 




THE LADY ARABELLA STUART, 

From the original picture in the possession 
of His Grace the Duke of Devonshire. 



RO. KEENE, LTD., DERBY 



Wn:-..^ 



CATALOGUE OF THE PICTURES ^T HARDWICK HALL. I09 

rsl Earl of Elgin. She was bnrn 28 December, 1595, 
married at the Rolls Chapel, 10 April, 1608, at the age 
of I 2 years and 3 months, to William Cavendish, after- 
wards 2nd Earl of Devonshire, whom she survived. She 
died I January, 1674-5. 

28. Charles Cavendish, 2nd son of the 2nd Earl of Devon- 
shire, Lieut-General of Horse under his cousin, William, 
Marquis and afterwards Duke of Newcastle. He was 
killed at Gainsborough 31 July, 1643, buried at Newark, 
and moved to the Cavendish vault in All Saints' Church, 
Derby, on the day of his mother's burial there, 18 Feb- 
ruary, 1674-5. 

■J.g. William Cavendish, ist Earl of Devonshire, second son 
of Sir William Cavendish and Elizabeth Hardwick. He 
was born 27 December, 1552, created in 1605 Baron 
Cavendish of Hardwick, and on 7 August, 16 18, Earl 
of Devonshire. He married (i) Anne, daughter and 
coheiress of Henry Kighley, or Keighley, of Keighley, and 
(2) Elizabeth, daughter of Edward Boughton, and widow 
of Sir Richard Wortley, son and heir of Francis Wortley, 
of Wortley, and Mar}' Swyft, his ist wife. The 2nd 
wife, Frances Burdet, his stepmother, married (2) Francis 
Foljambe, of Aldwark. He died 3 March, 1625-6. 
Head. 

29A. Arabella Stuart. Painted by Carl von Mander. Full 

length. 

This picture was given by the 6th Duke of Devonshire to 
Air. Cribb, the picture cleaner, from whom it was bought by 
the 7th Duke of Devonshire. See article in The Atheyiaum of 
1 2th February, 1859. This picture was exhibited at the Scottish 
Exhibition in 1888, and then again restored and re-framed by 
Haines in 1900. See Illustration. 

30. Thomas Cavendish ; probably the " Navigator," who was 

a distant cousin (fifth cousin twice removed) of Sir 

William Cavendish. Head. 

On this picture is "Thomas Cavendishius." 
N.B. — It may possibly be Thomas Cavendish, younger brother 
of Sir Wm. Cavendish. 



no CATALOGUE OF THE PICTURES AT HARDWICK HALL. 

31. Dorothy Sidney, Countess of Sunderland, eldest daughter 

of Robert Sidney, 2nd Earl of Leicester, by Lady 
Dorothy Percy [No. ;^2]. She was the " Saccharissa " 
of Waller's poem, and was born at Sion House, 16 17, 
and married (i) 20 July, 1639, Henry Spencer, ist Earl 
of Sunderland, who was killed at the battle of Newbury, 
1643. She married (2), 1652, Robert Smythe, of Bid- 
borough, and died his widow in February, 1683-4. Half 
length after Van Dyck. 

32. Dorothy Percy, Countess of Leicester, wife of Robert 

Sidney, 2nd Ear} of Leicester, to whom she was 
married in January, 161 5. She was the daughter 
of Henry Percy, 9th Earl of Northumberland, by 
Dorothy, daughter of Walter Devereux, ist Earl of 
Essex. She was born 1598; died 19 August, 1650. 
Half length. 

33. Portrait of a man ; unknown. Erroneously named in the 

old Catalogue : " Henry Clifford, 5th Earl of Cumber- 
land." 

176. Sir Robert Cecil, afterwards ist Earl of Salisburj', and 
father of Frances, Countess of Cumberland. He was 
born I June, 1563, knighted 1591, and was created Baron 
Cecil in 1603, Viscount Cranborne 1605, and Earl of 
Salisbury 4 May, 1605, and died 24 May, 1612. 

34. George Savile, ist Marquess of Halifax; born 11 Novem- 

ber, 1633; died 5 April, 1695. Half length; said to be 
by Mireveldt. 

No. 34 moved to the place of No. gS, and re-numbered 
No. 98A. 

35. Elizabeth Clifford, Countess of Burlington, daughter and 

heiress of Henry, 5th and last P^arl of Cumberland, by 
Frances, daughter of Robert Cecil, Earl of Salisbury ; 
married 5 July, 1635, in the Chapel in Skipton Castle, 
Pvichard Boyle, afterwards ist Earl of Burlington and 




THE FIRST DUKE OF DEVONSHIRE. 



From the original picture in the possession 
of His Grace tlie Duke of Devonshire. 



CATALOGUE OF THE PICTURES AT HARDWICK HALL. I I I 

2nd Earl of Cork. She died 6 January, 1698, in her 

77th year. Half length by Van Dyck. 

No. 112, Lord Bruce of Kinloss, brother to Christian, Countess 
of Devonshire, brought here to replace No. 35. 
No. 35 moved to the North Recess under No. 99. 

;^6. Lady Elizabeth Perry, only daughter and heiress of 

Josceline, nth and last Earl of Northumberland. 

Married (i) Henry Cavendish, Earl of Ogle, who died 

I November, 1680, in his rSth year; (2) Thomas 

Thynne, of Longleat, who was murdered 12 Februar)-, 

1681-2; and (3) on 30 May, 1682, at Montagu House, 

she being then only in her sixteenth year, Charles 

Seymour, 6th Duke of Somerset, as his first wife. She 

died 23 November, 1722, aged 55. Half length. 

37. William Cavendish, 3rd Earl of Devonshire; born 10 

October, 161 7 ; succeeded 20 June, 1628 ; died 25 Novem- 
ber, 1684. Full length. 

38. William Cavendish, 4th Earl and ist Duke of Devon- 

shire, K.G., born 25 January, 1640-1 ; died 18 August, 
1707. Half length; thought to be by Mytens. Sec 
JUustration. 

39. Elizabeth Cecil, Countess of Devonshire, wife of William, 

3rd Earl of Devonshire. She was second daughter of 
William, 2nd Earl of Salisbury, by Catherine Howard, 
daughter of Thomas, ist Earl of Suffolk; and she 
married in March, 1638, at the age of 19, William, 
3rd Earl of Devonshire. She died his widow 19 Novem- 
ber, 1689. Half length, copied from the portrait of 
her by Van Dyck at Chatsworth. 

40. Anne Cavendish, Countess of Exeter, only daughter of 

William, 3rd Earl of Devonshire, by Elizabeth, daughter 
of William, 2nd Earl of Salisbur}'. She married (i) 
Charles, Lord Rich, son and heir of Charles, 4th Earl 
of Warwick, who died, s.p., 16 May, 1664, aged 20; 
(2) 1670, John, 5th Earl of Exeter; and died his widow 
1 8th June, 1703, in her 54th year. Half length. 



r 2 CATALOGUE OF THE PICTURES AT HARDWICK HALL. 

41. Mary Butler, Duchess of Devonshire, second daughter of 

James, 1st Duke of Ormonde; horn 1646; married at 
Kilkenny Castle, 26 October, 1662, William, Lord 
Cavendish, afterwards 4th Earl and ist Duke of Devon- 
shire. She died his widow 31 July, 1710, and was buried 
in the Ormonde Vault in Westminster Abbey. Half 
length. 

42. William Cavendish, ist Duke of Devonshire, K.G. Full 

length. 

See No. 38. 

43. Lucy Harington, Countess of Bedford, daughter of John, 

ist Lord Harington of Exton, by Anne, daughter and heir 
of Robert Kelway, and coheiress of her brother, John, 
2nd Lord Harington. She married, 12 December, 1594, 
Edward Russell, 3rd Earl of Bedford, and she died 
without surviving issue 26 May, 1627 (twenty-three day.s 
after her husband's death). She had been in her youth 
the companion of Princess Elizabeth, daughter of 
James L, at Combe Abbey. Half length. 

44. William Cavendish, 2nd Duke of Devonshire, K.G. Born 

1673; succeeded 18 August, 1707; died at Devonshire 
House, Piccadilly, London, 4 June, 1729. Half length, 
sitting. 

45. William, Lord Russell, second (but first surviving) son and 

heir of William, 5th Earl of Bedford [see No. 2], by 
Anne, daughter and heir of Robert Carr, Earl of Somer- 
set, and was born 29 September, 1639. He married, 
in August, 1669, Rachel, widow of Francis, Lord 
Vaughan, and second daughter and at length coheiress 
of Thomas Wriothesley, 4th Earl of Southampton. He 
was tried for complicity in the Rye House Plot, con- 
demned and attainted, and beheaded in Lincoln's Inn 
Fields, 21 July, 1683, in his father's lifetime. His 
attainder was made void by Act of Parliament passed 
16 March, 1688-9. Half length. 



CATALOGUE OF THE PICTURES AT HARDWICK HALL. I 13 

46. Rachel Russell, Duchess of Devonshire, eldest daughter 
of William, Lord Russell, and sister to Wriothesley, 
-^nd Duke of Bedford; horn January, 1674; married 
. 2r June, 1688, in the Chapel of Southampton House, 
St. Giles'-in-the-Fields, at the age of fourteen, to William 
Cavendish, afterwards 2nd Duke of Devonshire. She 
died 28 December, 1725. Half length. 

47- Rachel Russell, Duchess of Devonshire. Same as No. 46. 
Full length; probably by Michael Dahl. 

48. Charles Cavendish, second son of the 3rd Earl of Devon- 
shire ; died unmarried 1670. Head; painted when asleep. 
On a similar picture at Burghley is written that it " was 
painted after he was drowned." 

49- Elizabeth Cecil, Countess of Devonshire. Head; pro- 
bably by Anthony Russell. 
.See No. 39. 

50. Catherine Hoskins, Duchess of Devonshire, wife of the 
3rd Duke. She was daughter of John Hoskins, of Red 
Lion Square, London, by Catherine, third daughter of 
William Hale, of King's Walden, Herts, and Mary Elwes, 
his wife; which John Hoskins was second son of Charles 
Hoskins, of Oxted, Co. Surrey, Esqre., and Ann Hale, 
his wife. She was heir to her brother, John Hoskins 
[see No. 76]. She was married 27 March, 1718, and 
died 8 -May, 1777. Half length. 

5[. William Cavendish, 2nd Duke of Devonshire, K.G. Full 
length, standing; probably by Michael Dahl. This 
picture has been engraved. 

See No. 44. 

52. William Cavendish, 3rd Duke of Devonshire, K.G. Bom 
1698; Lord Privy Seal, 1731-33; Lord Steward, 1733-7, 
and again, 1744-9. He died 5 December, 1755. Half 
length ; by Sir Joshua Reynolds. This picture has been 
engraved. 
8 



114 CATALOGUE OF THE PICTURES AT HARDWICK HAT.L. 

53. William Cavendish, 3i-(l Duke of Devonshire, K.G., when 

younger. Half length. 

54. William, 4th Duke of Devonshire, K.G. Born 1720; 

Prime Minister, 16 November, 1756, to 2 July, 1757; 
Lord Chamberlain, 1757-62; died at Spa, 2 October, 
1764. Half length. Written on the back "by Alan 
Rara.say."' 

55. Charlotte Boyle, wife of William, 4th Duke of Devonshire, 

daughter and heiress of Richard, 3rd Earl of Burlington, 
and Baroness Clifford in her own right ; died 4 Decem- 
ber, 1754, aged 23. By Hudson. 

56. William, Marquess of Hartington, and his sister, children 

of William, 3rd Duke of Devonshire. 

57. Two daughters of William, 3rd Duke of Devonshire. 

Now moved to the passage near the north end of the Gallery. 

58. James Butler, ist Duke of Ormond, father of Mary, 

Duchess of Devonshire. Born 19 October, 16 10; died 
2\ July, 1688. 

59. A son and daughter of William, 2nd Duke of Devonshire. 

61. Josceline Percy, nth Earl of Northumberland. Born 

4th July, 1644; died at Turin fi May, 1670. Half 
length. 

62. William Cecil, 2nd Earl of Salisbury. Born February, 

1591 ; died 3 December, 1668. He was father of 
Elizabeth, Countess of Devonshire, wife of the 3rd Earl. 
Half length. 

63. Henry Wriothesley, 3rd Earl of Southampton, K.G. Born 

6 October, 1573; died 10 November, 1624. Half 

length ; by Mireveldt. 

See some lines by Samuel Daniel, addressed to Henry 
Wriothesley, 3rd Earl of Southampton, April, 1603. They are 
quoted in Mr. Sidney Lee's Shakespeare, from " Daniel's Certaine 
Epistles, 1603." 



CATALOGUE OF THE PICTURES AT HARDWICK HALL. I 15 

64. James Douglas, Duke of Queensberry and Dover. Rom 

18 September, 1662; he married, i December, 168!;, 
Mary Boyle, second daughter of Charles, Lord Clifford 
of Lane.sborough ; and he died 6 Julv, J711. Half 
length. 

65. Anne Boyle, Countess of Sandwich, fourth daughter of 

Richard, ist Earl of Burlington, and wife of Edward 
Montagu, 2nd Earl of Sandwich, whom she married 
January, 1667-8. Half length (same as a head at 
Chatsworth). 

66. Henrietta Boyle, Countess of Rochester, fifth daughter of 

Richard, 1st Earl of Burlington, and wife of Lawrence 
Hyde, ist Earl of Rochester, whom she married 1665. 
She died 12 April, 1687. Half length ; by Sir Peter Lely. 

67. Mary Boyle, Duchess of Queensberry, second daughter of 

Charles, Lord Clifford, of L'anesborough (i.e., Londes- 
borough), eldest son of Richard, ist Earl of Burlington, 
anfl wife of James, 2nd Duke of Queensberry, whom she 
married i December, 1685. She died 2 October, 1709, 
in her thirty ninth year. Half length. 

68. John Churchill, ist Duke of Marlborough. Born 

24 June, 1650; died 16 June, 1722. Half length. 

Lord Spencer gave this picture to the 6th Duke of Devonshire. 

69. Lawrence Hyde, Earl of Rochester, K.G. So created 

29 November, 1682; died 2 May, 1711, in his sixt}'- 
ninth year. Half length. 

He was Ambassador to John Sobieski in the year 1676. 

70. John Cecil, 6th Earl of Exeter. Born 15 May, 1674; 

died 24 December, 1721. Half length. 

Written on this picture; "John, Lord Burleigh, son of Anne, 
Countess of Exeter." 

71. William Savile, 2nd Marquess of Halifax. Born 1665; 

died 31 August, 1700. Half length. 



it6 catalogue of the pictures at hardwick hall. 

72. Dorothy Savile, Countess of Burlington, daughter and 

coheiress of William, 2nd Marquess of Halifax. Born 
13 September, 1699; married 21 March, 1 720-1; dieil 
21 September, 1758. She was the friend and patroness 
of Garrick. Half length. 

73. Lord Henry Cavendish, second son of William, ist Duke 

of Devonshire. Died 10 May, 1700, aged twenty-six. 
Half length. 

74. Mary Finch, Marchioness of Halifax, second wife of 

William, 2nd Marquess of Halifax, to whom she was 
married 2 April, 1695, was born May, 1677 ; died 
19 September, 17 18, having married (2) t Januarv, 1708, 
John Ker, ist Duke of Roxburgh. Half length. 

75. Richard Boyle, 3rd and last Earl of Burlington. Born 

25 April, 1694; died at Chiswick. 3 December, 1753. 
Half length. 

76. John Hoskins, Esq., brother of Catherine, Duchess of 

Devonshire, son of John Hoskins, of Red Lion Square, 
London ; the friend and adviser of Lady Russell. Half 
length. 

77. Lord Charles Cavendish, third surviving son of William. 

2nd Duke of Devonshire, and father of Henry Cavendish, 
the philo-sopher and chemist. He married Anne, 3rd 
daughter of Henry Grey, Duke of Kent, and he died 
28 April, 1783. Half length. 

78. Penelope Wriothesley, Lady Spencer, eldest daughter of 

Henry, ist Earl of Southampton. She married, in 
1617, William, 2nd Lord Spencer, of Wormleighton, 
father of the ist Earl of Sunderland. She died his 
widow 16 July, 1667. Half length. 

Lndv Sarah Spencer thinks this picture is erroneously cnlled 
Penelope, Ladv Spencer. 

79. Lady Elizabeth Montagu, fourth daughter of Edward, 

2nd Earl of Sandwich, and Lady Anne Boyle, his wife. 
Died unmarried. Half length. 



CATALOGUE OF THE PICTURES AT HARDWICK HALL. I 17 

80. Robert Boyle, the celebrated philosopher and chemist, 
fifth son of Richard, ist Earl of Cork. Bom 25 January, 
1626; died 30 December, 1691, unmarried. Half length. 

This picture was removed to Bolton Abbey in August, 1895. 
Robert Bo vie spent much time at Bolton, which came to his 
eldest brother, Richard, ist Earl of Burlington, by his marriage 
with Elizabeth Clifford. Robert Boyle decorated the hall at Bolton 
with classical drawings, built the Boyle Schoolroom, and, I believe, 
the present Rectory also. Many of his books are in the Dining 
Room at Bolton Abbey. The news of the death of his favourite 
sister. Lady Ranelagh, threw him into convulsions, which carried 
him off. 

looA. Charles, Lord Clifford of Lanesborough {i.e., Londes- 
borough), eldest son of Charles, Lord Clifford, and heir 
of his grandfather, Richard, ist Earl of Burlington and 
2nd Earl of Cork, whom he succeeded 15 January, 
1696-7, as second Earl of Burlington. He married, 26 
January, 1687-8, Juliana, daughter and heiress of the 
Honble. Heliry Noel, of North Luffenham, Co. Rutland, 
2nd son of Baptist, 2nd Viscount Campden, and he died 
at Chiswick 9 February, 1 703-4. 

There is a picture at Bolton Abbey of a boy (one of the 
sons of Charles, Lord Clifford, by Jane, daughter of William, 
Duke of Somerset), in the character of the " Bov of Egremcmt,"' 
which probably represents him, or his elder brother, Richard, 
who died 9 April, 1675, aged 9. 

81: Elizabeth Boyle, Countess of Thanet, third daughter of 
Richard, ist Earl of Burlington, and 2nd Earl of Cork, 
and wife of Nicholas Tufton, 3rd Earl of Thanet, to 
whom she was married 11 April, 1664, and she died 
I September, 1725. Half length. 

82. Henry Boyle, Lord Carleton, so created 19 October, 1714 

(younger brother of Charles, 2nd Earl of Burlington, 
being second surviving son of Charles, Lord Clifford. 
Died unmarried 14 March, 1725. Half length. 

Carlton House was named after him, and he left it bv will 
to Frederick, Prince of Wales. 

83. Lord George Augustus Henry Cavendish, afterwards Earl 

of Burlington, third son of William, 4th Duke of Devon- 
shire. Born 21 March, 1754; died 9 May, 1834. Half 
length ; painted by his cook. 



il8 catalogue of the pictures at hardwick hall. 

North End of Gallery. 

84. Lady Charlotte Hill, Countess Talbot, third daughter of 

William, ist Marquess of Downshire, and wife of John 
Chetwynd Talbot, 2nd Earl Talbot, whom she married 

7 May, 1776. She was born 15 May, 1754, and died 
17 January, 1804. By Hoppner. 

This portrait, painted by Hoppner, was bought bv the 6th Duke 
of Devonshire from Sir William Boothbv or his son, Sir Brooke, 
and was for many vears in the Drawing Room at Chiswick. 

85. William (Herbert), 3rd Earl of Pembroke, K.G., born 

8 April, 1580. Married 4 November, 1604, Mary, eldest 
daughter and coheiress of Gilbert, 7th Earl of Shrews- 
bury, by Mary, daughter of Sir William Cavendish. He 
died, s.p., of apoplexy 10 April, 1630. Full length. 

This portrait was erroneously named '' Thomas, 8th Earl 
of Pembroke and 5th Earl of Montgomery." 

86. William Cavendish, ist Duke of Devonshire, on horse- 

back. Full length ; by Wissing. 
See Nns. 38 and 42. 

87. Georgiana Spencer, Duchess of Devonshire, eldest daughter 

of John, ist Earl Spencer, by Margaret Georgiana, eldest 
daughter of the Rt. Hun. Stephen Poyntz ; first wife of 
William, 5th Duke of Devonshire. Half length. Copy 
of the portrait of her by Gainsborough at Althorp. 

88. William Cavendish, 5th Duke of Devonshire, K.G. Born 

14 December, 1748; died 29 July, i8ii. Half length 
by Maron, Rome ; signed. 

89. Georgiana Spencer, Duchess of Devonshire. Burn 9 June, 

1757; married 5 June, 1774; died 30 March, 1806. Full 

length ; by Hoppner. 

This portrait was bought by the 6tli Duke ut the same time 
as No. 84, and also was formerly hung in the Drawing Room 
at Chiswick. 

90. Philip Herbert, 4th Earl of Pembroke, and ist Earl of 

Montgomery. He married (i) 27 December, 1604, 
Susan, third daughter of Edward de Vcre, 17th Earl of 



CATALOGUE OF THE PICTURES AT IIARDWICK HALL. I 1 9 

Oxford; and (2) 3 June, 1630, Anne, daughter and heir 
of George, 3rd Earl of Cumberland, and widow of 
Richard (Sackville), Earl of Dorset. He was born 1584, 
and died 23 January, 1649-50. Full length. 

East Side of Gallery. 

91. Portrait of a young man, long wig, full sleeves, and white 

cravat, his hand on a dog's head. Date about 1 700. 
Three-quarter length. 

92. Lord Henry Cavendish, second son of William, 1st Duke 

of Devonshire. 

Moved to the staircase, in place of No. 280. 
See No. 73. 

92A. A Portrait of a Lady, called " Lady Dorothea Spencer, 
Countess of Halifax. ' 

'■ Lady Dorothea Spencer, Countess of Halifax." This 
portrait, so named, was given to the 8th Duke of Devonshire 
by Sir Matthew Wilson, Bart., of Eshton, in 1895, who supposed 
it to be Dorothy, daughter of Henry, ist Earl of Sunderland, 
and first wife of George (Savile), afterwards Earl and Marquis 
of Halifax, whom she married 29 Dec, 1656. She died, how- 
ever, 16 Dec, 1670, and he was only created an Earl in 1679, 
and Marquess in 1682. The dress is of very much later date. 
If it is a Countess of Halifax, it may possibly represent the wife 
of George Montagu, 2nd Earl of Halifax, who was Miss Ann 
Dunk, daughter of William Richards, afterwards Dunk, and heiress 
of Sir Thomas Dunk. She died 1753. This picture was moved 
to the Library. 

94. Dorothy Savile, Countess of Burlington, and her eldest 

daughter, Lady Dorothy Boyle. 

Moved to the window in the Library. 

95. Dorothy Savile, Countess of Burlington, daughter and 

coheiress of William, 2nd Marquess of Halifax, and wife 
of Richard, 3rd Earl of Burlington. At a later period 
of life than the other portraits. Head ; by Hogarth. 
Moved to the window in the Library. See No. 72. 

96. Queen Anne of England, and her son, William, Duke of 

Gloucester. 

97. C^ueen Caroline, wife of King George H., with her son, 

William Augustus, Duke of Cumberland. Half length ; 
by Enoch Seeman. 



120 CATALOGUE OF THE PICTURES AT HARDWICK HALL. 

98. Two Children, with a bird. 

This picture moved to the Cut Velvet Dressing Room, and 
re-numl>ered 260A. 

98A. George Saviie, 1st Marquess of Hahfax. 

This ])ortrait is No. 34, moved here and re-numbered. 

99. Frederick, Prince of Wales, and his brothers and sisters. 

Full length ; by Enoch Seeman. 

35. Lady Elizabeth Clifford. 

Moved here, and placed under 99. 
26. Charles, Lord Clifford. 

Moved here. 

25. Jane (Seymour), Lady Clifford. 
Moved here. 

100. William IIL, King of England. Full length. 

I03A. Charles, Lord Clifford, afterwards 2nd Earl Burlington. 

See on page 87, between Nos. 80 and 81. 

10 1. Richard Boyle, 3rd and last Earl of Burlington, and his 

sisters. Full length ; when young. 

102. Richard Boyle, ist Earl of Cork. (See No. 10.) 

103. Stephen Gardiner, Master of Trinity College, Cambridge, 

and afterwards Bishop of Winchester, 1531 till 1550, 
when he was deprived and committed tu the Tower In' 
King Edward VL He was restored by Oueen Mary, 
1553, and died 12 November, 1555. 

He was godfather to one of Sir William Cavendish's children. 

See pocket-book at Welbeck Abbey. 

103A. Virgin and Child (a small picture), by Lucas Cranach. 
Mentioned in Lady Shrewsbury's inventory. 

104. King Henry VHL 

105. Lord Darnley. 

Moved and re-numbered 139. 

106. Cardinal Pole. 

The late Sir George Scharf identified the portrait of Cardinal 
Pole, now in the National Portrait Gallery, from this one, which 
he considered most interesting. 

107. King Edward VL 

Moved to the Drawing Room. 



CATALOGUE OF THE PICTURES AT HARDWICK HALL. I 2 I 

1 08. Thomas, Lord Cromwell. 

This portrait is no longer here. 

109. King Henr)' VII. 

Moveil to the Drawing Room. 

110. King Henry VIII. 

Moved to the Drawing Room. 

111. Georgiana Spencer, Duchess of Devonshire, first wife of 

William, 5th Duke of Devonshire; represented as 
"Diana." Full length; by Mrs. Cosway. 

1 1 2. Thomas, Lord Bruce of Kinloss, afterwards, 2 1 June, 

1633, created Earl of Elgin. Born 2 December, 1599; 
died 21 December, 1663. Brother to Christian, Countess 
of Devonshire. Full length. 
Moved and hung above No. 36. 

117. Master Montague, a child. One of the sons of Robert, 

3rd Earl of Manchester, prubably the Hon. Heneage 
Montagu, his third son, who was Master of the Jewel 
Office 1676, and who died at Venice 1698, where he 
had accompanied his brother, Charles, Earl of Man- 
chester, in his Embassy. Full length. 

118. Portrait of a Man, unknown; thought to be Lord Danby, 

viz., Thomas Osborne, born 1631 ; created Earl of Danby 
in 1674, and afterwards, in 1694, Duke of Leeds, for 
the active part he took in bringing about the Revolution. 

119. James, Earl of Arran and Duke of Hamilton, created Duke 

of Brandon in 17 11. He was killed in a duel with Lord 
Mohun. 

120. Lord Charles Cavendish, third surviving son of William, 

2nd Duke of Devonshire. 

See No. 77. 

12 1. Portrait of a Lady.; dressed in pink; looking to the 
spectator's right; a cup in her hand. Date, ai)parently, 
the end of the .seventeenth century. Three-quarter 
length. 

r22. Dorothy Savile, Countess of Burlington, daughter and 
coheiress of William, 2nd Marquess of Halifax, and wife 
of Richard, 3rd and last Earl of Burlington. 
See No. 95. 



122 CATALOGUE OF THE PICTURES AT HARDWICK HALL. 

123. Portrait of a Lady, unknown; dressed in yellow, and sit- 

ting ; temp. George I. Three-quarter length. 

124. William Cavendish, 4th Duke of Devonshire, K.G. Born 

1720; died at Spa 2 October, 1764, aged 44. 
See No. 54. 

124. William Spencer Cavendish, Marquess of Hartington in 

1805, aged 15; son of the 5th Duke of Devonshire and 

afterwards 6th Duke of Devonshire. By Sir M. A. Shee, 

1805. 

This picture was moved to the Dining Room, January 19th, 
1858, and re-numbered 246. 

125. Lady Georgiana Cavendish, elder daughter of the 5th 

Duke of Devonshire, afterwards Countess of Carlisle. 
She was bom 12 July, 1783; married 21 March, 1801, 
George, afterwards 6th Earl of Carlisle, K.G. ; died 
8 August, 1858. 

126. Head of a Man, unknown; long fair hair. 

127. King James L of England and VI. of Scotland, when a 

boy, with a hawk on his wrist. Full length. 

This picture is mentioned in the inventory of pictures in Lady 
Shrewsbury's will, and was doubtless sent to Mary, Queen of 
Scots, while she was here. 

J 2 8. This joortrait — the head of a man — was said to be Robert 

Carr, Earl of Somerset, the favourite of James L ; but 

there is little doubt that it is the portrait of James Stuart, 

Duke of Richmond. There is a similar portrait at 

Castle Howard. He was born 6 April, 161 2; created 

Duke of Richmond 8 August, 1641 ; died 30 March, 

1655- 

129. Marj- Butler, Duchess of Devonshire, wife of the ist Duke. 

Half length ; by Wissing or Van der Vaart. 
See No. 41. 

130. James Stanley, 7th Earl of Derby. Bom 31 January, 

1607 ; married 26 June, 1626, Charlotte de la Tremouille, 
daughter of Claude, Duke of Thouars, by Charlotte, 
daughter of William of Nassau. He was beheaded 15 
October, 1651. Half length; by Van Dyck. 



CATALOGUE OF THE PICTURES AT HARDWICK HALL. 1 23 

131. Portrait of a child; probably James, Duke of York, the 
child in the background of No. 1 70. Full length ; by 
Van Dyck. 

Xos. 131 and 126 transposed. 

J 32. Sir Robert Walpole, afterwards Earl of Orford. Born 
26 August, 1676; was Prime Minister 17 15 to 171 7, 
and 1 72 1 to 1742; and died i8 March, 1744-5. Half 
length. 

This picture brought from Devonshire House. 

133. Edward Montagu, 2nd Earl of Manchester. He was born 

1602, was five times married, and died 5 May, 1671, 
in his 69th year. Half length. 

134. "Lord Southampton"; so named in the Catalogue; 

Henry, 3rd Earl, born 1571, died 1624, aged 51 (see 
No. 63) ; or perhaps Thomas Wriothlesley, 4th Earl, who 
was born 1607, and died 16 May, 1667. 

135. Oval portrait. Head of a lady; unknown; looking to 

the dexter (the spectator's left). 

136. Portrait of a Boy; probably the 2nd Duke of Devonshire 

when a boy. 
J 37. Francis Bacon, Lord Verulam and Viscount St. Albans. 
'Born 22 January, 1561 ; died, s.p., 9 April, 1626. 

138. Lord Treasurer Burghley, viz.. Sir William Cecil, Lord 

Burghley. Born 13 September, 1521 ; Lord Treasurer 
15 September, 1572, till his death, which took place 
at Burghley House, 4 August, 1598. Head. See No. 
14. 

139. Head of a Boy, Henry, Lord Darnley. Identified by Lady 

Louisa Egerton from the portrait in the Queen's Closet 
at Windsor Castle. 

140. The Hon. Robert Cecil, third son of William, 2nd Earl 

of Salisbury, K.G. [No. 62], and Catherine (Howard), 
his wife, daughter of Thomas, 1st Earl of Suffolk. He 
was brother to Elizabeth, Countess of Devonshire. 

Mr. Lionel Cust thinks this portrait is by Maubert. 
See Nos. 39 and 49. 



124 CATALOGUE OF THE PICTURES AT HARDWICK HALL. 

141. Mary, Princess of Orange, mother of King William III., 

and daughter of King Charles I. By " Hanneman." 

There are two smaller portraits of her in the possession of 
the Earl of Clarendon at the Grove. 

142. James Butler, 2nd Duke of Ormonde, K.G., nephew of 

Mary, Duchess of Devonshire. He was born 29 April, 
1665; died xV November, 1745, at Avignon. Half 
length. 

143. William Cavendish, 1st Duke of Devonshire, K.G. 

See Nos. 38', 42, and 86. 

144. Portrait of a young man in armour, called the " Count of 

Bulloyn." 

Can it be a fancy portrait of Godfrey de Bouillon? 

145. Portrait of a Young Man, with a Marshal's baton, thought 

to be a Dauphin of P'rance. 

Nos. r45 and 148 transposed. 

Mr. Lionel Cust thinks it is certainly Louis XIV., and it has 
since been indentified by an engraving at the British Museum. 

146. Portrait of a man looking to the spectator's right, in a 

wig; dressed in red, and with a white neckcloth. 
Unknown. 

147. Gilbert Cavendish, eldest son of William, 1st Earl of 

Devonshire; author of a book called "Horse subsecivaj." 
He died young. Head ; by Jansen. 

Gilbert Cavendish died in his father's lifetime, i.e.^ before 
3 March, 1625-6. 

148. William Cavendish, 3rd Earl of Devonshire. Head. 

See No. 37. 

149. Portrait of a Man; full face; dressed in brown and blue. 

Unknown. Half length. 

150. Princess Henrietta, daughter of King Charles I. By Van 

Dyck. 

Moved and renvuiibered i6b, and afterwards again renumbered 
6b, which see. 

6a. Oval portrait of Henry Clifford, 5th and last Earl of 
Cumberland. Moved here. 




MARY STUART, QUEEX OF SCOTS. 

From the original picture in the possesion 
of His Grace tlie Duke of Devonshire. 



RO. KEENE, LTD., OERBV 



CATALOGUE OF THE PICTURES AT IIARDWfCK IIAI.L. 125 

151. Colonel Charles Cavendish, sernnd son of William, 2n<l 

Earl (if Devonshire, and Christian Rrure, his wife. Born 
1620. He was Lieut-Cleneral of Horse to his cousin, 
William, Marquess (and afterwards Duke) of Newcastle. 
He was slain in the fight at Gainsborough, 31 July, 
1643, buried at Newark, whence his body was after- 
wards removed, and laid in the Cavendish vault in All 
Saints" Church, Derby, on the day of his mother's 
funeral, 18 February, 1674. Head, after Van Dyck. by 
. Hanneman. 

Moved to opposite wall. 

152. William Cavendish, 3rd Ear! of Devonshire. Date on 

this picture 1638. Head. 
Moved to opposite wall. 
See Nos. 37 and 148. 

153. Catherine of Braganza, Queen of Charles H. By Sir P. 

Lely. 

154. Colonel Charles Cavendi.sh, second son of William, 2nd 

Earl of Devonshire. Full length. 
See No. 151. 

221. King James V. of Scotland, and Mary of Lorraine. 
Moved here from the Hall to replace 155. 

155. Lady Grace Talbot, third and youngest daughter of 

George, 6th Earl of Shrewsbury, by Gertrude (Manners), 

his first wife. Married Henry Cavendish, eldest son of 

Sir William Cavendish and Elizabeth Hardvvick (her 

stepmother). 

Small full length, with a feather fan in her hand. 

Moved to take the place of No. 26; and No. 221, James V. 
of Scotland and Lorrain moved here from Hall. On No. 155 
is written on one side in capitals :—" MORS POTIVS QVAM 
DEDICVS." On the other side: "ANNO DNI 1591. 
JSTATIS SV^ 19." And on a lozenge, the following arms, viz., 
azure a lion rampant within a bordure or ; the ancient arms of 
the Earldom of Shrewsbury. 

She is dressed in black. Her prayer book is open at Psalm xvi. 

156. Mary, Queen of Scots. Whole length; and in one corner 

is this inscription (Sec Illustration) : — 

" Maria D.G. Scotice piissima Regina Franci.-ie Dowerine Anno 
^tatis Regni 36 Anglice Captive 10 S.H. 1578." 

Signed (on the table-cloth), "P. Ovdry, Pinxit." 



126 CATALOGUE OF THE PICTURES AT IIARDWICK HALL. 

1 56A. The Duke of Brunswick, viz., Augustus, Duke of Bruns- 
wick Wolfenbuttel. Born 10 April, 1579; rlied 
17 September, 1666. By Honthorst. 

This picture, originally at Londesborough, brought here from 
Bolton Abbey, i860. 

157. Elizabeth, Queen of Bohemia, daughter of King James I. 

A full length portrait by Honthorst similar to one at 

Combe Abbey. 
157B. Charles Stuart, Earl of Lennox (brother of Lord Darnley), 

and Elizabeth Cavendish, his wife, parents of Arabella 

Stuart. 

This picture was given bv the 6th Duke of Devonshire to 

Mr. Cribb, the picture cleaner, from whom it was bought by 

the 7th Duke. It was formerly called the Earl and Countess 

of Shrewsbury, but the strong likeness to the Darnley type leaves 

no doubt of its identity. 

J57A. Prince Charles Louis, Elector Palatine, son of the Queen 
of Bohemia. Born 22 December, 161 7; died 28 August, 
1680. By Jansen ; dated 1632. 

This picture, originally at Londesborough, was brought here 
from Bolton Abbey in i860. 

1^8. William Paulet, ist Marquess of Winchester; so created 
II October, 1551 ; died at Basing House 10 March, 
1 57 1-2, in his ninety-seventh year. 
Moved to the Drawing Room. 

158A. William FitzWilliam, Earl of Southampton, K.G., Lord 
High Admiral. Second son of Sir Thomas FitzWilliam, 
of Aldwarke, county York, and Lucy, his wife, daughter 
and coheiress of John Nevill, Marquess of Montagu. He 
was born 1490; created Earl of Southampton 18 October, 
1537, having married, in November, 1513, Mabel, sister 
to Henry, ist Earl of Cumberland, but he died, .?./., 
October, 1542, when his nieces, Alice, wife of Sir James 
Foljambe, and Margaret, wife of Godfrey Foljambe, the 
daughters of his elder brother Thomas, were his co- 
heiresses. 

This picture was erroneously named Sir Thomas More, but 
it undoubtedly represents William FitzWilliam, Karl of Southamp- 
ton, and is one of the pictures mentioned in the inventory in 
Elizabeth, Ladv Shrewsbury's, will. 

It has been 'moved to a 'place beside the portrait of Thomas 
Hobbes, of Malmesbury (No. 172). 



CATALOGUE OF THE PICTURES AT HARDWICK HALL. 1 27 

160. King George III., when young. Small full length ; painted 

by Dorothy, Countess of Burlington. 

161. Princess Amelia, second daughter of King George II. 

Painted by Dorothy, Countess of Burlington, who wrote 
under it : — 

" Let others seek the Royal Maid to prize ; 
See what Emilia is in Saville's eyes." 

162. King Richard II. This picture is no longer here. 

16^. King Henry VI. \ ^, . , . ^ , 

. I These are mentioned in Lady 

164. King Henry IV. f 01 1 > t 

Shrewsbury s Inventory. 

165. King Edward III.' ^ ^ 

166. King Henry VII. 

167. King Henry VIII. 

168. Thomas Cavendish, father of Sir William. On it is 

written, in contemporary writing : — 

" Thomas Cavendishe de Cavendishe 
A.D. MCCCCCXV." 

169 Henry Cavendish, eldest son of Sir William Cavendish 

and Elizabeth Hardwick. He married his mother's 

step-daughter, Lady Grace Talbot, and died, s.p., 12 

October, 16 16. He was buried at Edensor, in which 

church is a monument to him and his next brother, 

William, ist Earl of Devonshire. 

On this picture is written; — 

"Henricus Cavendifcius de Chatsworth." 

170. The family of King Charles I. Full length; after Van 

Dyck. 

171. Algernon Percy, loth Earl of Northumberland, and Anne 

Cecil, his wife. Half length. In the same picture, by 
her stands a little girl. 

A copy from Van Dyck. The original is at Petworth, and 
there is one at Hatfield. This is a very good replica, and perhaps 
by Stone. One at Althorp has only a man's figure. 

172. Thomas Hobbes, of Malmesbur)-, tutor successively to 

the 2nd and 3rd Earls of Devonshire. Died 4 Decem- 
ber, 1679, in his ninety-first year, and was buried in 
Ault Hucknall Church. 



128 CATALOGUE OF THE PICTURES AT HARDWICK HALL. 

17^. Mary, Oiieen of Scotso ,, , , . . ,. 

^ . I Moved to tlie Drawing Room. 

174. Katharine of Aragon. ) 

r75. Portrait (jf a Boy, unknown ; (jress of the time of George I. 
or II. Full length. 

1 76. Sir Robert Cecil. 

Moveil to opposite wall in place of No. 34. 

177. Portrait of a Girl, unknown ; dressed in grey. Full length. 

[78. Portrait of a Man dressed in black, standing, glove in his 
right hand; left hand on a table, on which lies a roll 
of paper. In the upper right-hand corner of the panel 
is written : — 

ANo 1604. ^T SU^ 55. 

Probably Sir Henry Savile, Judging from the date and 
the likeness to the portrait of him at a later period of 
his life which is at Rufford, in the possession of Lord 
Savile. He was born at Bradley 30 November, 1549, 
was Greek tutor to Queen Elizabeth, and was Warden 
of Merton College, Oxford, and Provost of Eton College, 
1596. He annotated, printed and pubUshed the works 
of St. Chrj'sostom at his own cost (^^8,000). Knighted 
by James I. at Windsor 21 September, 1604, and died at 
Eton 19 February, 162^, buried in Eton College Chapel. 
Three-quarter length. 

The portrait of Sir Henry Savile at Rufford represents him 
at a later period of his life, shortly before his death, for on it 
is written: "ANo 1621 ^T SU^ 72." 

LIBRARY. 

188. Sir Jeffrey Hudson, born 1619, died 1682. (The Dwarf.) 

189. Frances, Countess of Roscommon, eldest daughter of 

Richard Boyle, ist Earl of Burlington, and 2nd Earl of 
Cork, bv Elizabeth, Baroness Clifford, his wife. She 
married (i) Colonel Francis Courtenay, and (2) in April, 
1662, as his first wife, Wentworth Dillon, 4th Earl of 
Roscommon. By Sir Peter Lely. 

On the back of this picture, which was erroneously named 
" Mrs. Middleton " in the Catalogue, was found written, " Frances, 
Countess of Roscommon, daughter of the Earle of Burlington, 
married to the Earle of Roscommon. Bx Sir Peter Lely." 



CATALOGUE OF THE PICTURES AT HARDWICK HALL. 1 29 

190. Katherine Bruce, Countess of Dysart, wife of William 

Murray, ist Earl of Dysart (so created 3 August, 1643), 

whom she married before June, 1636. Lord Dysart died 

without male issue, and his eldest daughter, Elizabeth, 

succeeded as Countess of Dysart in her own right. 

Katherine, his widow, was of the family of Bruce, of 

Clackmannan. 

There has been some doubt about this picture. The 6th Duke 
of Devonshire, in his handbook, suggests that it might be Louise 
de Querouaille, Duchess of Portsmouth. Sir Geo. Scharf thought 
it might be Mrs. Porter, whose portrait is at Knole, and another 
at Petworth ; but Ladv Louisa Egerton has compared it with the 
portrait at Peckforton in Lord Tollemache's possession, called 
'■ Katherine Bruce, Countess of Dvsart," and seeing that she was 
related to Christian, Countess of Devonshire, thinks it probably 
represents her. 

191. Portrait of a man, probably "Monsieur,' brother of 

Louis XIV. (viz., Philip, Duke of Orleans, son-in-law 
of King Charles I.). Head. 

1 91 A. Portrait of a Lady called Dorothy Spencer, Countess of 

Halifax. 

See note to No. 92A, which is this picture now moved and 
re-numbered 191A. 

192. King James V. of Scotland. More probably King 

James VL of Scotland. 

Mr. Lionel Cust thinks this is James VL of Scotland, not 
James V. 

193. Catherine of Braganza, Queen of Charles U. By Sir Peter 

Lely. 

Moved to the Gallery, and renumbered 153. 

194. A Dutch Family; unknown. 

Moved downstairs. 
194A. The Hon. Louisa O'Callaghan, eldest daughter of 
Cornelius, ist Lord Lismore, and wife of William 
Cavendish, Esq., to whom she was married 18 July, 
1807. She was born 5 August, 1779; and died 17 April, 
1863; she was mother of William, 7th Duke of Devon- 
shire. 
9 



130 CATALOGUE OF THE PICTURES AT HARDWICK HALL. 

195. Charlotte Boyle, Marchioness of Hartington, and Baroness 
Clifford in her own right. Only surviving daughter and 
heiress of Richard, 3rd Earl of Burlington, and Dorothy 
Savile, his wife. Born 27 October, 1731; married 
28 March, 1748, William, Marquess of Hartington, after- 
wards 4th Duke of Devonshire. She died 8 December, 
1754. Small portrait, on horseback; painted by Kent; 
the landscape by Orizzonte (J. F. Van Bloemen). 

94. Dorothy Savile, Countess of Burlington, and her eldest 

daughter. Lady Dorothy Boyle. Moved from the 
Gallery. 

95. Dorothy Savile, Countess of Burlington, daughter and 

coheiress of William Savile, 2nd Marquess of Halifax, 
by Mary, his second wife, daughter of Daniel Finch, 7 th 
Earl of Winchilsea, and wife of Richard (Boyle), 3rd and 
last Earl of Burlington, to whom she was married 
21 March, 17 20-1. She was born 13 September, 1699, 
and died, his widow, 21 September, 1758. Head; by 
Hogarth. Moved from the (iallery. 

DRAWING ROOM. 

158. William Paulet, ist Marquess of Winchester; brought 
here from the Gallery. 

19. Lady Arabella Stuart; brought here from the Galler)'. 

282. Brought here from Staircase. 

no. Henry VII L ^ 

107. Edward VI. 

109. King Henry VII. 

I 73. Mary, Queen of Scots. 

174. Queen Katharine of Arragon. / 

200. John Milton, the Poet. Born in Bread Street, London, 
1608; died at his house in Bunhill Row, 1674; buried 
in the Parish Church of St. Giles', Crip]ilegate. There 
is a monument to him there and in Westminster Abbey. 



Brought here from the 
Gallery. 



CATALOGUE OF THE PICTURES AT HARDWICK HALL. 131 

200A. Mr. Roper, tutor to the Earl of Burlington'.s daughters. 
200B. The Hon. Richard Cavendish, afterwards Lord Richard, 

youngest brother of William, 7th Duke of Devonshire. 

Born 3 July, 1812; died 17 November, 1873. 

201. The Rev. Lewis Sneyd, Warden of All Souls' College, 

Oxford, 1827, and Rector of East Lockinge, died 
unmarried, 21 Feb., 1858. He was .son of the Rev. 
Ralph Sneyd, who was 2nd son of Ralph Sneyd, Esqr., 
of Keele and Willaston. By Barber. 

202. The Right Hon. Charles James Fox. Half length. 

Copied by Rising from the portrait at Wolterton. 

203. The Hon. John Talbot, fourth son of Charles Chetwynd, 

2nd Earl Talbot. Born 31 May, 1806; died 26 May, 
1852. By Rothwell. 

204. William Spencer Cavendish, 6th Duke of Devonshire, 

K.G. Born 21 May, 1790; died, unmarried, 18 January 
1858. 

205. Sir Joseph Paxton, born at Milton Bryant, Beds., 3 August, 

1803, came to Chatsworth, 9 May, 1826, designed"" the 
great conservatory there, from which he developed the 
idea of the Building of the ist Exhibition in Hyde Park, 

1851, now the Crystal Palace; M.P. for Coventry in' 
three Parliaments, from 1854 till his death, which took 
place at Rockhills, Sydenham, 8 June, 1865, and he was 
buried at Edensor, as also was his widow, Sarah Bown, 
whom he married in 1827, and who died in 1871 By 
H. P. Briggs, R.A. 

206. Lord Richard Cavendish, second son of William, 4th Duke 

of Devonshire. Born 19 June, 1751; died, unmarried, 
7 September, 1781. Painted at Rome by Pompeio 
Battoni. 

207. The Rev. Richard Smith, Vicar of Edensor, 1804 to 1837, 

when he died. He married Charlotte, daughter of Thos.' 
Hyde, E.sq., of the Hudson's Bay Companv. He was 
with Wm. Cavendish, the 7th Duke's father,' at the time 
of his fatal accident. By Barber. 



132 CATALOGUE OF THE PICTURES AT IIARDWICK HALL. 

208. Margaret Georgiana, Countess Spencer, eldest daughter of 

the Right Hon. Stephen Poyntz, of Midgham, Co. 
Berks. Born 8 May, 1737 ; married, 20 December, 1755, 
John Spencer, afterwards ist Earl Spencer. She died 
18 March, 181 4. Unfinished'; by Gainsborough. 

209. The Venerable Francis Hodgson, born at Croydon, 16 Nov., 

1781, Vicar of Bakewell, 1816 to 1840, and of Edensor, 
1837-40, Archdeacon of Derby, 1836, and Provost of 
Eton, 1840. He died 29 Dec, 1852, in his 72nd year, 
having married, 3 May, 1838, Elizabeth, 2nd daughter 
of Thomas, ist Lord Denman, who died 2 August, 1880. 
By F. Grant. 

210. Mary Beatrice D'Este, of Modena. Painted by Sir P. 

Lely when she was Duchess of York, about 1678-9. She 
was the second wife of King James II., and died at 
St. Germains, 17 18. 

211. Barbara Villiers, Duchess of Cleveland. 

This is doubted. 
2 12. Portrait of a Lady in red, with white sleeves; Ump. 

Charles II. 
213. James Hare, Esq., M.P. for Knaresborough from 1781 
till his death, which occurred at Bath, 17 March, 1804. 
He married in 1774 Hannah, only daughter of Sr 
Abraham Hume, Bart., and sister of Sir Abraham Hume, 
2nd Bart., and of Alexander Hume, who married Frances, 
only daughter of William Evelyn of St. Clere, Kent, and 
who took the name of Evelyn. Mrs. Hare survived and 
died in 1827. 

" Shall wit enchant no longer from his tongue 
Or beam in vivid flashes from his eye? 
Ah, no ! the mind, for every purpose fit, 
Has met, alas ! the universal doom. 
Unrivalled fancy, judgment, sense, and wit 
Were his, and only left him at the tomb. . . . 

Benevolence allaved the force 

Of the keen darts his matchless satire threw." 

— From Hare's Epitaph, bv the Duke 

and Duchess of Devonshire. 



CATALOGUE OF THE PICTURES AT HARDWICK HALL. 133 

214A. Oval portrait of a young Girl, probably Charlotte Boyle, 
Lady Hartington. Brought from Devonshire House. 

214B. Portrait of a Boy. Probably the 5th Duke. Brought 
from Chiswick. 

215A. Small oval portrait of a Lady. Bought by Lord Harting- 
ton as Georgiana, Duchess of Devonshire. 

2 1 6a. Portrait of a Boy. Probably one of the sons of the 
4th Duke. Brought from Devonshire House. 

EXTRANXE HALL. 

220. Henry VIIL when Prince of Wales. Behind him, on the 

left, stands his father. Full length cartoon in Indian 
ink, by Holbein 

221. King James V. of Scotland, and Mary, his wife, Princess 

of Lorraine, half length in the same picture. At the 
top are the arms of Scotland, and at the bottom the arm.s 
of Scotland impaling those of Lorraine. 
Moved to the Gallery. 

DINING ROOM. 

zz-i,. Lady Elizabeth Cavendish, second daughter of William, 
3rd Duke of Devonshire. Born 24 April, 1723; 
married, September, 1743, the Hon. John Ponsonby, and 
was mother of William, ist Lord Ponsonby, and of 
Lady Lismore. She died 1796. Oval. Head. 

224A. Harriet, Duchess of Sutherland, daughter of George, 
6th Earl of Carlisle, and Georgiana Dorothy Cavendish, 
his wife, and wife of George Granville, 2nd Duke of 
Sutherland. She was born 2r May, 1806; married 
28 May, 1823; and died 27 October, 1868. 

224. The Hon. John Ponsonby, second son of Brabazon, 1st 

Earl of Bessborough. He was Speaker of the Irish 
House of Commons. Born 29 March, 17 13; died 
16 August, 1787. Oval. Head. 

225. The Right Hon. Henr}- Pelham, Prime Minister and 

Chancellor of the Exchequer, 1743 to 1746, and again 
1746 to his death, which took place 6 March, 1754. He 
was younger brother to Thomas Pelham Holies, Duke 
of Newcastle, Prime Minister 1754-6 and 1757-62. 



134 CATALOGUE OF THE PICTURES AT HARDWICK HALL. 

226. Charlotte Boyle, Marchioness of Hartington, and Baroness 

Clifford in her own right. Only surviving daughter and 
heiress of Richard, 3rd Earl of Burlington, and wife of 
William, afterwards 4th Duke of Devonshire, to whom 
she was married 28 March, 1748. She was born 27 
October, 1731, and she died 8 December, 1754, before 
her husband succeeded to the Dukedom. 

227. Mr. Richard Montagu, in a grey velvet coat, satin waist- 

coat embroidered in silver, and a short wigj almost the 
same dress as the 4th Duke of Devonshire's when he 
first married. I have been unable to identify him. 

228. Portrait of a Lady; probably Lady Dorothy Boyle, after- 

wards Countess of Euston. She was the elder daughter 
and coheiress of Richard, 3rd Earl of Burlington, and 
wife of George, Earl of Euston, to whom she was married 
23 September, 1741. She was born 14 May, 1724, and 
died, s.p., 2 May, 1742. 

See No. 259. 

229. Thomas Wriothesley, 4th and last Earl of Southampton, 

father of Rachel, Lady Russell. He was born 1607, 
and married (1) 18 August, 1634, Rachel, widow of 
Elysee de Beaujeu, Seigneur de la Maisonfort in Perche, 
. sister of Henry, Marquis of Ruvigny and Raineval, 
and eldest daughter of Daniel de Massue, Seigneur de 
Ruvigny, afterwards Seigneur de Raineval in France, by 
Madeleine, daughter and coheiress of John de Pinot, 
Seigneur de Fontaines and de La Caillemotte. She was 
born 1603; died 16 February, 1639-40. He married (2) 
April, 1642, Elizabeth, eldest daughter and coheiress of 
Francis Leigh, Earl of Chichester; and (3) Frances, 
daughter of William Seymour, 2nd Duke of Somerset, 
and widow of Richard Molyneux, 2nd Viscount Molyneux, 
of Maryborough. He died, without male issue, 16 May, 
1667, aged 60. 



CATALOGUE OF THE PICTURES AT HARDWICK HALL. 1 35 

230. Lady Rachel Cavendish, Lady Walpole, third and youngest 

daughter of William, 3rd Duke of Devonshire, and wife 
of Horatio, 2nd Lord Walpole (See No. 232), to whom 
she was married 12 May, 1748. She was born 7 January, 
1727, and she died 7 May, 1805. Head, in an oval 
frame. 

231. William Ponsonby, 2nd Earl of Bessborough. Born 1704; 

married, 5 July, 1739, Lady Caroline Cavendish, eldest 
daughter of William, 3rd Duke of Devonshire. He died 
II March, 1793. 

232. Horatio, 2nd Lord Walpole, of Wolterton. Born 12 June, 

1723; married, 12 May, 1748, Lady Rachel Cavendish, 
third daughter of William, 3rd Duke of Devonshire. He 
was created Earl of Orford 10 April, 1806, and he died 
24 February, 1809. 

233. Cecil Brooke Boothby, Esq., second son of Sir William 

Boothby, 9th Bart., by his first wife, Fanny, only 
daughter of Colonel John Jenkinson, and niece of 
Charles, ist Earl of Liverpool. Born 18 November, 
1813; died unmarried, 8 January, 1883. By Ellerby. 

234. Constantine Henry Phipps, ist Marquess of Normanby, 

K.G., created Marquess 25 June, 1838. Born 15 May, 
1797; died 28 July, 1863. By John Jackson, R.A. 

235. Francis, 7th Duke of Bedford, K.G. Born 13 May, 1788. 

Married, 8 August, 1808, Lady Anna Maria Stanhope, 
eldest daughter of Charles, 3rd Earl of Harrington. 
He died 14 May, 1861. 

236. The Right Hon. William Saunders Sebright Lascelles. 

Bom 29 October, 1798; died 2 July, 1851, having mar- 
ried, 14 May, 1823, Lady Caroline Georgiana Howard, 
eldest daughter of George, 6th Earl of Carlisle. By 
Juhn Jackson, R.A. 

237. George James Welbore Agar Ellis, Baron Dover, so created 

20 June, 1831. Born 14 January, 1797 ; married, 7 May, 
1822, Lady Georgiana Howard, 2nd daughter of George, 
6th Earl of Carlisle. He died, v.p., 10 July, 1833. By 
Hayter ; copied from the portrait by Lawrence. 

Note. — Lord Dover made a catalogue of the pictures at 
Hardwick, on which this catalogue is founded. 



136 CATALOGUE OF THE PICTURES AT HARDWICK HALL. 

238. Lady Caroline Lamb, daughter of Frederick, 3rd Earl of 

Bessborough, and Lady Henrietta, his wife, daughter 
of John, I St Earl Spencer. She was born 13 November, 
1785; married, 3 June, 1805, the Hon. William Lamb, 
afterwards 2nd Viscount Melbourne, Prime Minister July 
to November, 1834, and again 1835 to 1841. She died 
26 January, 1828. 

239. Henry Greville, Esq., third son of Charles Greville and 

Lady Charlotte (Bentinck), his wife, daughter of William, 
3rd Duke of Portland. He was born 28 October, 1801 ; 
died, unmarried, 12 December, 1872. By John 
Jackson, R.A. 

240. Lady Margaret Kennedy, third daughter of Archibald, 

I St Marquess of Ailsa. She was born 6 June, 1800, and 
married, 14 November, 1817, Thomas Francis, Viscount 
Kynnaird, afterwards 7th Earl of Newburgh (which title 
his father and he bore under the impression that the 
descendants of a daughter married tu a foreigner could 
not inherit it). He died 22 May, 1833. She died 
3 September, 1889, in her ninetieth year. By Manara. 

Moved to the Cut Velvet Room, and again moved, 1895, to 
the Steward's Room. 

241. John, 2nd Earl of Clare. Born 10 June, 1792; succeeded 

his father 28 January, 1802; and died, s.p., 18 August, 
1851, having married, 14 April, 1826, Elizabeth Julia 
Georgiana, third daughter of Peter, ist Lord Gwydyr. 
By John Jackson, R.A. 

242. James Abercromby, ist Lord Dunfermline (so created 

7th June, 1839). He was born 7 November, 1776; was 
Auditor of the Estates of the Duke of Devonshire; 
Master of the Mint, and a "Cabinet Minister; Speaker 
of the House of Commons, 1835 to 1839; and died 
17 April, 1858, having married, 14 June, 1802, Mary 
Anne, eldest daughter of Egerton Leigh, of High Le'gh. 
By John Jackson, R.A. 



CATALOGUE OF THE PICTURES AT HARDVVICK HALL. 137 

243- The Hon. Edward Frederick Leveson-Gower, second sur- 

viving son of Granville, ist Earl Granville. Born 
3 May, 1819; married, i June, 1853, Lady Margaret 
Compton, younger daughter of Spencer, 2nd Marquess 
of Northampton. She died 22 May, 1858, leaving an 
only son. He is living, 1903. By Manara. . 

244- Lady Harriet Elizabeth Cavendish, Countess Granville, 

younger daughter of William, 5th Duke of Devonshire.' 
Born 29 August, 1785; married, 24 December, 1809, 
Lord Granville Leveson-Gower, who was created Earl 
Granville 10 May, 1833, and who died 8 January, 1846. 
She died 25 November, 1862. By Barber, of Notting- 
ham. 

245. Georgiana Spencer, Duchess of Devonshire, daughter of 

John, ist Earl Spencer, and first wife of William, 5(h 
Duke of Devonshire. Head; by Downman. 

246. William Spencer Cavendish, Marquess of Hartington, 

afterwards 6th Duke of Devonshire, aged J5; by Sir 
M. A. Shee. Moved from the Gallery the day after 
his death by his (the 6th Duke's) desire, 19 January, 
1858, and renumbered 246. 
See No. 124. 

247- Caroline Cavendish, Viscountess Duncannon, eldest daugh- 
ter of William, 3rd Duke of Devonshire, and wife of 
William Ponsonby, Viscount Duncannon, afterwards 2nd 
Earl of Bessborough, to whom she was married 5 July, 
1739- She was born 22 May, 1719, and she died 20 
January, 1760. Half length. 

248. Charles Compton Cavendish, ist Lord Chesham (so 
created 15 January, 1858), 4th and youngest son of Lord 
George Augustus Henry Cavendish, who was created 
Earl of Burlington in 1831. He was born 28 August, 
1793, and died 12 November, 1863. By Barber, of 
Nottingham. 



138 CATALOGUE OF THE PICTURES AT HARDWICK HALL. 

248A. Lord John Cavendish, fourth and youngest son of 
William, 3rd Duke of Devonshire. Chancellor of the 
Exchequer 1782-3. He died, unmarried, i8 December, 
1796, aged 64. Copied from the portrait at Wentworth 
Woodhouse. 

249. William Cavendish, Esq., eldest son and heir of Lord 

George Augustus Henry Cavendish (afterwards created 
Earl of Burlington) and father of William, 2nd Earl 
of Burlington and 7th Duke of Devonshire. He was 
born 10 January, 1783; married 18 July, 1807, Louisa, 
eldest daughter of Cornelius, ist Lord Lismore ; and he 
died in his father's lifetime, being thrown from a dog- 
cart at Holker, 14 January, 1812. Copy by Sanders 
from the portrait by Hoppner. 

250. Lady Catherine Susan Gordon, Lady Chesham, wife of 

Charles Compton (Cavendish), ist Lord Chesham (to 
whom she was married 16 June, 181 4), and eldest 
daughter of George, 9th Marquess of Huntly, and 
Catherine Anne Cope, his wife, half sister to the 3rd 
Earl of Liverpool. She was born 22 December, 1792; 
she died 14 December, 1866. By Barber, of Nottingham. 

251. William Cavendish, 4th Duke of Devonshire. Died 1764. 

Half length. 

See Nos. 54 and 124. 

252. Elizabeth Hardwick, Countess of Shrewsbury. 

This picture was formerly at Bolsover Castle, and was a 
present from the 4th Duke of Portland to his first cousin, the 
6th Duke of Devonshire. 

25 2A. Lady Elizabeth Compton, only child and heiress of 

Charles, 7th Earl of Northampton, by Anne, daughter 

of Charles Noel, 4th Duke of Beaufort, and wife of 

Lord George Augustus Henry Cavendish, who was 

created 10 September, 1831, Earl of Burlington, and 

to whom she was married 27 February, 1782. She was 

born 25 June, 1760, and died his widow 7 April, 1835. 

Copy of the portrait at Latimer by Sir Joshua Reynolds. 

253. William Cavendish, ist Duke of Devonshire. 

Moved to the window recess. 
See Nos. 38, 42, 86, and 257. 




SIR WILLIAM CAVENDISH. 

From the oiiginal picture in the possession 
of His Grace tlie Duke of Devonshire. 



no. KEENE, LTD., OERSV 



CATALOGUE OF THE PICTURES AT HARDWICK HALL. 1 39 

254. Sir William Cavendish, second husband of Elizabeth 

Hardwick, and father of William,* ist Earl of Devon- 
shire. {Sec IIliistratio>i.) 
See No. 15. 

255. Charlotte Boyle, Marchioness of Hartington, wife of 

William, Marquess of Hartington, afterwards 4th Duke 
of Devonshire. 
See No. 226. 

256. Lord George Augustus Cavendish, second son of William, 

3rd Duke of Devonshire. Born 1728; died, unmarried, 
on his journey to Holker, at Bullock Smithy, in 1794. 
He was known as "Truth and Daylight." 

257. William Cavendish, ist Duke of Devonshire. An excel- 

lent portrait. Oval; Head; by Sir Peter Lely. 
See Nos. 38, 42, 86, and 253. 

258. William Spencer Cavendish, 6th Duke of Devonshire. 

Born 1790; died 18 January, 1858. By Manara. 
See No. 246. 

259. Lady Dorothy Boyle, afterwards Countess of Euston, and 

her sister, Lady Charlotte Boyle, afterwards Marchioness 
of Hartington. 
See No. 228. 

CUT VELVET DRESSING ROOM. 

260. Portrait of a Man; believed to be Sir Henry Savile. 

This portrait moved to the Gallery, and now numbered 178. 
See No. 178. 

260A. Portrait of two Children with a bird. Unknown. 

260B. Landscape ; let in over dour. 

260c. Landscape ; let in over door. 

260D. Landscape; let in over door. 

RED ROOM. 

Entered in the old Catalogue as the Duke's Bedroom (i.e., the 
6th Duke's room). 

261. Oval head of a Man; probably Charles Cavendish, 

second son of the 3rd Earl of Devonshire, and brother 
of William, ist Duke of Devonshire. By Sir Peter Lely. 
Entered in the old Catalogue as being supposed to be the 
1st Duke of Devonshire, but there seems little doubt that it 
represents his brother Charles, who died young. See No. 48. 



I40 CATALOGUE OF THE PICTURES AT HARDWICK HALL. 

RED DRESSING ROOM. 

26lA'\ 

26x8 1 Three copies of Italian pictures, landscapes, let in 
26jcj over the doors and chimney-piece. 

STAIRCASE. 

263. William Kent, the architect, painter, and landscape 

gardener. Born in Yorkshire, 1684; died at Burlington 
House 12 April, 1748, in his sixty-fourth year; and was 
buried in Lord Burlington's vault at Chiswick. 

264. Lady Henrietta Boyle, Countess of Rochester, fifth 

daughter of Richard, ist Earl of Burlington, by 
Elizabeth Clifford, and wife of Lawrence Hyde, Earl of 
Rochester, to whom she was married in 1665. She died 
at Bath in her forty-second year, 12 April, 1687; and 
was buried in Westminster Abbey, 16 April. 

265. Lady Charlotte Boyle. Not now here. 

266. Head of a Man ; unknown ; dressed in russet robe, with 

white necktie, and wearing a wig. Oval. 

•267. Group. 

268. Head of a Man in armour; unknown. 

269. Mary, Queen of Scots, at Fotheringhay Castle, receiving 

the news of her death sentence. It has always been 
so called, but it more probably represents Penelope and 
her suitors. 

270. "Atlas," a racehorse belonging to the 5th Duke of Devon- 

shire. 

Moved to the Audit Room. 

271. Portrait of a Lady; dressed in blue; temp. George I. 

Three-quarter length ; sitting. 

272. Lady Massareene, wife of John Clotworthy, Viscount 

Massareene, viz., Margaret, eldest daughter of Roger 
Jones, I St Viscount Ranelagh, and Frances, his first wife 
(and sister-in-law of Lady Ranelagh, who was daughter 
of the ist Earl of Cork). 



CATALOGUE OF THE PICTURES AT HARDWICK HALL. 141 

273. Charles, Lord Clifford, afterwards 2nd Earl of Burlington, 

and 3rd Earl of Cork. (See No. iooa on page 87.) 
He was son and heir of C'harlcs, Lord Clifford. 
See No. 26. 

274. Mrs. Nott, Maid of Honour to Queen Catherine of 

Braganza ; dressed in blue, with red hood. 

275. Titian and a Venetian Senator. 

276. Portrait of a Lady in blue, holding an orange flower in 

her right hand. Three-quarter length ; sitting. 

277 \ 

284 1 Four curious paintings on panels, supposed to have 

285 I come from the old Hall. 

286) 

278. Mr. Richard Montagu. 

I have been unable to identify him. 

280. Flower piece. 

This is moved to replace No. 265, and No. 92, F.ord Henry 
Cavendish, moved here to replace it. 

281. Head of a Man. An oval, in a square frame. 

Moved to replace No. 270. 

282. Portrait of a Man, with this inscription : — 

" Memorare novissima anno tetatis suae XL." 
Moved to the Drawing Room. 

283. Lord Hartington and his Sister ; children of William, 

3rd Duke of Devonshire. 
See No. 56. 

283A. Flower-piece from downstairs, to replace No. 281. 

283B Flower-piece from downstairs, to replace No. 282. 

CUT VELVET BEDROOM. 

287. Portrait of a Lady; unknown; in oval frame. 

288. Picture of a Cherub. 

PAVED ROOM. 

289. Landscape, with Cupids with bows and arrows. 



142 CATALOGUE OF THE PICTURES AT HARDWICK HALL. 

GALLERY DRESSING ROOM. 

290. Portrait of a Child asleep (or dead), in a cradle ; pro- 

bably a child who died in infancy of William, 3rd Earl 
of Devonshire, and Elizabeth Cecil, his wife. 

SMOKING ROOM. 

270. " Atlas," a racehorse owned by the 5th Duke of Devon- 
shire. 

291. " Scamp," a racehorse, and the 3rd Duke of Devonshire, 

by whom it was owned. 

HOUSEKEEPER'S ROOM. 

292. 293, 294, 295, 296, 297, 298, 299, 300, 301. Ten oil 

paintings ; landscapes, sea pieces, etc. 
The following pictures at Hardwick were named, amongst 
others, in the inventory in the will of Elizabeth, Countess of 
Shrewsbury, dated 27 April, 1601, and proved 15 March, 
1607-8 :— 

*King Henry VHL (See No. no.) 
*King Edward VL (See No. 107.) 
*Queen Man,-. (See No. 8.) 
*Queen Elizabeth. (See No. 3.) 

The Duke of Alva. 

Charles the Emperor. 

Cardinal Wolsey. 
*CardinaI Poole. (See No. 106.) 
*Stephen Gardner. (See No. 103.) 

The above all in one room. 
*Queen Elizabeth. (Perhaps No. 7.) 

Edward II. 
*Edward III. (No. 165.) 

Rirhard II. (See No. 162, now gone.) 
*Henry IV. (.See No. 164.) 

Henry V. 
*Henr)' VI. (See No. 163.) 

Edward IV. 



I 



CATALOGUE OF THE PICTURES AT HARDWICK HALL. 1 43 

Richard III. 
*Henry VII. (See Nos. 166 and rog.) 
*Henn- VIII. (See No. 167.) 
^Edward VI. (Perhap.s Xn. 107.) 
*Queen Man,-. (See No. 4.) 
*Queen Elizabeth. (See No. 7.) 
Picture in a less Table. 

The King of France. 
*The King of Scots. (See No. 127.) 
*The Picture of Our Lady the Virgin Mary. (See No. 103A.) 

Queen Anne. 

Henr\- III. of France. 
*The Duke of Bulloign. (See No. 144.) 

Philip, King of Spain. 
*Queen Katherine. (See No. 174.) 
*The Earl of Southampton. (See No. 158.) 

Matthew, Earl of Lennox. 

Charle.s, Earl of Lennox. (See No. 157B.) 
*George, Earl of Shrewsbury. (See No. 18.) 
*And his Lady who made this will. (Nos. 16 and 23.) 
*Lord Bacon. (See No. 137.) 
*The Marquess of Winchester. (See No. 158.) 
*The Lady Arabella. (Probably No. 19.) 
*Mr. Henr}^ Cavendish. (See No. 169.) 

The Lord Strange. 

The Lord Cromwell. (No. 108; gone.) 

Mrs. Anne Cavendish. 

The Duke of Somerset. 

Sir Thomas Wyat. 
*The Lord Burleigh, Lord Treasurer. (See Nos. 14 and '138.) 
*Margaret, Countess of Lennox. (See note to No. 8.) 
*Sir William Cavendish. (See Nos. 15 and 254.) 
*Mr. William Cavendish the Elder. (See No. 29.) 
*Mr. William Cavendish the Younger. (Perhaps No. 22.) 
*Mr. Thomas Cavendi.sh, father of Sir William Cavendish. 
(See No. 168.) 



144 CATALOGUE OF THE PICTURES AT HARDWICK HALL. 

And, it is added, " a great number of other pictures," etc., 

in Collins's Noble Families, p. 19. 

Note. — The pictures against which an asterisk is placed are 
still at Hardwick. 

As the heraldry in the various rooms at Hardwick has never 
yet been fully described, it may be well to give an account of 
it here. 

IN THE HALL. 

Over the fireplace, in plaster, are the arms of Hardwick 
on a lozenge, viz., argent, a saltire engrailed azure, on a chief of 
the second three roses of the first. Above the lozenge is a 
Countess's coronet, and the supporters of the lozenge are two 
stags proper collared azure, the collars charged with three roses 
argent. 

At the east end of the Hall, under the statue of Mary, 
Queen of Scots, by Westmacott (which stands beneath the 
portrait of Henry VHL, No. 220) are her arms. To the dexter: 
in chief, the arms of the Dauphin of France, quarterly i and 
4 France modern, 2 and 3 a dolphin hauriant embowed, for 
her first husband, Francis H. of France; and in base the royal 
arms of Scotland for her second husband, and over all a demi- 
escutcheon of pretence {i.e., the dexter side of the escutcheon 
only) with France modern in chief and England in base ; the 
whole impaling her arms quarterly quartered, i and 4, Scot- 
land, 2 and 3 quarterly; i. and iv. France modern; ii. and iii. 
England. Underneath the shield is this inscription :— 
"MARIA SCOTORUM REGINA 
Nata 1542 
A suis in exilium acta 1568 ab hospita neci data 1587." 

On*^the worked hangings of the screen on the south side of 
the Hall, near the front door, on the outer side, on the left, is 
a shield with the arms and quarterings of Lord Shrewsbury 
surmounted by an Earl's coronet. The nine qnarterings (five 
in the upper row and four in the lower) are : — 

7. Shrewsbury (viz., the ancient arms of Montgomery, Earl 
of Shrewsbury) ; azure, a lion rampant within a bordure or. 



1 



I 



CATALOGUE OF THE TICTURES AT HARDWICK HALL. 1 45 

2. Talbot, gules, a lion rampant within a bnrdure engrailed or. 

3. Talbot anrient, which is bendy of ten pieces argent and 
gules, but only gules four bends argent shown here. 

4. Valence, barry of ten argent and azure, an orle of martlets 
gules. 

5. Nevill, gules, a saltire argent, a martlet sable for difference. 

6. Furnival, argent, a bend between six martlets gules. 

7. Audley, or, a fret gules. 

8. Strange, gules, two lions passant argent. 

9. Lovetot, argent, a lion rampant parti per fesse, gules and sable . 
Helow the shielil in a panel is a figure, " MAG NAN I MI TAS.' 

In the centre of the screen on a larger panel is the figure 0/ 
" ZENOBIA," and on the right, above a panel with the figure 
" PRUDENTIA," is the Talbot crest; on a caj) of maintenance, 
a lion statant, tail extended or. Along the border at the top of 
the screen, three times repeated, is the monogram (G.G.E.). 

On the back of the same screen, above panels with figures, 
" CONSTANS," " ARTEMISIA," and " PIETAS," are : on the 
left, the arms of George, 6th Earl of Shrewsbury, and Elizabeth 
Hardwick, his wife, with Earl's coronet above. 

The arms are : Talbot, quarterly of nine, the same as on 
the other side of the screen, except that here i and 2 are trans- 
posed, 1 being Talbot, gules, a lion rampant within a bordure 
engrailed or ; and 2 Shrewsbury (or Montgomery), azure, a lion 
rampant within a bordure or. The remaining quarterings are 
as already given ; the whole impaling the arms of Hardwick. 

On the right, over the figure " Pietas," are the arms of 

Henry Cavendish (Lady Shrewsbury's eldest son) impaling 

those of his wife. Lady Grace Talbot, and over the shield 

the date 1573. The arms are Cavendish, sable, three stags' 

heads caboshed argent, a crescent or for difference* impaling 

Talbot quarterly of nine, as before, but in this case (i) is 

Shrewsbury or Montgomery, and (2) Talbot. Along the border 

at the top, is the before-mentioned monogram, " G.G.E.," three 

times repeated, as on the other side of the screen. 

* The crescent was the difference borne by Sir William Cavendish .is 
a second son, and his elder brother's descendants were still living at 
this time. 



146 CATALOGUE OF THE PICTURES AT HARDWICK HALL. 

On the worked hangings of the screen which extends across the 
Hall at the east end, are, on the west side of the screen, and on 
the left of the opening, panels with figures " PERSEVERANS," 
" PENELOPE," and " PACIENS," and above the former a 
shield with the arms of Talbot impaling Hardwick, with Earl's 
coronet above. 

On the right, corresponding with the shield just mentioned, 
and over the figure " Paciens," is a roundel per pale gules and 
sable, over all, a talbot argent langued azure (the badge of Lord 
Shrewsbury), and above these, on the border along the top of the 
screen, is the monogram (G.G.E.), three times repeated. 

There is no heraldry to the right of the opening, but only 
the figure " TEMPERANTIA," and on the back of this screen, 
on the left of the opening, is the figure " EIDES," and on the 
right-hand side of it, in three panels, the figures " CHASTETY," 
'■ LUCRECIA," and " LIBERALITAS."' Above the first of 
these three, in a roundel, are the arms of Hardwick on a shield, 
with Earl's coronet above, and over the third, in a similar roundel, 
is a stag passant, collared, similar to the .supporters already 
mentioned. On the border along the top of the screen is the 
same monogram (G.G.E.), three times repeated. 

On the wall behind the statue of Mary, Queen of Scots, on 
either side, in plaster, is the Cavendish badge, the snake nowed, 
with " CAVEXDO TVTVS " on a scroll encircling it. 

PAVED ROOM. 

The date 1588 is over the door, a figure over the fireplace, 
and these arms on the wall, in plaster: On a lozenge, the arms 
of Hardwick, with Countess's coronet ; and to the dexter, a 
stag passant, collared as were the supporters, with an Earl's 
coronet above it ; and to the sinister a monogram (E.S.), with the 
Countess's coronet above it. 

IN THE DINING ROOM. 

No arms, but this inscription, on a panel on the fireplace, 

in five lines : — 

" THE CONCLVSION 

OF ALL THINGES 
IS TO FEARE GOD 
AND KEEPE HIS 
COMMAVNDEMENTES." 



CATALOGUE OF THE PICTURES AT HARDWICK HALL. 1 47 

Underneath are the Countess's rnronel and initials, and the 
date 1597. 

IN THE CUT VELVET ROOM 
is an elaborate arrangement of arms worked in plaster over 
the fireplace, shewing the marriages of the six children of 
Elizabeth, Lady Shrewsbury, by her second husband, Sir 
William Cavendish. In the centre, at the top, is a shield with 
the arms of Hardwick, with Earl's coronet, and the two stags 
collared as mentioned, as .supporters, and the motto, " CAVENDO 
TVTVS,'' on a scroll beneath. Under this shield is a quartereil 
shield, with the Cavendish crest, a snake nowed, and on the 
shield only the blazon of the ist quarter (Cavendish with 
crescent or for difference) remains ; the field argent of 2 and 3, 
and gules of 4, being all there is now in those quarters. No 
doubt, when repainted at some time, the charges being indis- 
tinct, have been painted over with the plain colours of the 
field. It is easy, however, to make out that it has had the 
early quarterings of Cavendish, viz. : — 

1. Cavendi.sh, sable, 3 stags' heads, caboshed argent, a 
crescent or for difference. 

2. Smith, argent, a chevron gules between 3 crosses crosslet sable. 

3. Brecknock, argent, a chevron between 3 lions gambs erased 
sable. 

4. Scudamore, gules, 3 stirrups or 2-1. 

It may be mentioned here that, correctly speaking, the order 
should be i. Cavendish; 2, Scudamore; 3, Smith; 4, Brecknock. 

Under this shield is a stag passant ppr., collared azure, 
the collar charged with three roses argent, the same as the 
supporters. On each side are a series of three smaller shields 
on panels, one above the other, with roundels connecting them 
and four other roundels connecting them to the centre panel. 
On ten of the roundels are the initials "W.E." (in monogram), 
for William and Elizabeth, and on the remaining two (the second 
from the top on either side of the centre panel) are the initials 
w'^H. for Sir William and Elizabeth Cavendish. The 
three smaller shields on the dexter side are as follows : 



148 CATALOGUE OF THE PICTURES AT HARDWICK HAI.L. 

the upper one has the arms of Talbot impaling Cavendish, 
with crescent or for difference, and Earl's coronet also ; 
this represents Lady Shrewsbury's youngest daughter Mary's 
marriage to her step-son, Gilbert, 7th Earl of Shrewsbury. The 
middle shield has the arms of Cavctidish with crescent, as before, 
impaling Talbot, for her eldest son, Henry, who married Lady 
Grace Talbot ; and the lower one has Cavendish, as before, 
impaling argent, a fesse gules (it should be a fesse sable, but 
has been wrongly coloured gules at some later date) for Keighlev, 
her second son, William, afterwards ist Earl of Devonshire, 
having married Anne, daughter and coheiress of Henry 
Kighley, or Keighley. 

The three corresponding shields on the sinister side are as 
follows : the upper one has the arms of Charles, Earl of Lennox, 
azure three fleurs de lis or within a bordure gules, charged with 
eleven buckles of the second (so blazoned here), and with the 
bordure extending all round (which is incorrect, in an impaled 
coat), impaling Cavendish, with crescent for difference as 
before, with an Earl's coronet above, to shew the marriage of 
Lady Shrewsbury's second daughter, Elizabeth, with Charles, 
Earl of Lennox, younger brother of Lord Darnley, the only child 
of which marriage was Lady Arabella Stuart. 

The middle shield has the arms of Cavendish, with crescent, 
as before, impaling Ogle, argent, a fesse gules (it should be 
argent, a fesse between three crescents gules, but the crescents 
have been painted over at some later time). This shews the 
marriage of her youngest son Charles with Catherine Ogle, 
daughter and coheiress of Cuthbert, Lord Ogle, and Baroness 
Ogle in her own right. 

The lower shield has evidently had the arms of Picrrepont 
impaling Cavendish, as before, shewing the marriage of the 
eldest daughter, Frances, with Sir Henry Pierrepont, of Holme 
Pierrepont. The Pierrepont arms are : argent, a lion rampant 
sable, within an orle of cinquefoils gules, but here they have 
been painted over at some date, leaving the dexter half of 
the shield plain white. 



CATALOGUE OF THE PICTURES AT HARD WICK HALL. 



M9 



CUT VELVET DRESSING ROOM. 

No arms in this room, but the monogram " E.S. 
fireplace (Elizabeth Shrewsbury). 



over the 



DRAWING ROOM. 

Over the fireplace in plaster, is a lozenge with the Hardwick 
arms and a quartering, and the supporters, stags collared, as 
already described, and Countess's coronet above. 

The arms on the lozenge are quarterly : i and 4, argent, a 
saltire engrailed azure, on a chief of the second three roses of 
the first Hardwick. 2 and 3 are blazoned (wrongly), gules, a 
fesse sable, between six mullets argent, but, of course, this is 
incorrect heraldry, and it should be : argent, a fesse, and in 
chief, three mullets sable ; but has evidently been repainted 
wrongly at a later date. 

Under the shield, on three panels, is the following inscrijj- 
tion : — 



SANGVINE CORNV 
NOBILI.S AT CLARO. 



CORDE OCVLO 
POXDERE. 



PEDE CERVVS ET AVRE 
NOBILIOR. 



THE 7TH DUKES BEDROOM 
Called the Turret Room in the 6th Duke's Handbook. 
Over the fireplace, in plaster, is a large shield with Lord 
Shrewsbury's twelve principal quarterings within the garter, and 
surmounted by helmet and Talbot crest ; the cap of maintenance, 
with the lion statant tail extended or. The supporters are two 
talbots argent, and the motto on the scroll beneath is " PREST 
DACOMPLIR." 

The twelve quarterings are arranged in three rows : — 

1. Talbot, gules, a lion rampant within a bordure engrailed 
or. 

2. Shrewsbur}', azure, a lion rampant within a bordure or. 

3. Talbot ancient, bendy of ten pieces argent and gules. 

4. Comyn, gules, 3 garbs, 2 and i within a dfjuble tressure 
florv counterflorv or. 



150 CATALOGUE OF THE PICTURES AT HARDWICK HALL. 

5. Valence, barry of ten argent and azure an orle of martlets 
gules. 

6. Montchensi, or, 3 inescutcheons barry of 6 gules and vair, 
2 and 1. 

7. Strange, argent, 2 lions passant gules. It should be : 
gules 2 lions passant argent. 

8. Nevill, gules, a saltire argent. There shuuld be a martlet 
sable for difference. 

9. Furnival, argent, a bend between 6 martlets gules. 

10. Lovetot, argent, a lion rampant parti per fesse gules and 
sable. 

11. Audley, or, a fret gules. 

12. Clare, or, 3 chevrons gules. 

Above this are two smaller shields, side by side, that to the 
dexter, Talbot impaling Harchvick, with Earl's coronet above, 
for George, 6th Earl of Shrewsbury and Elizabeth Hardwick, 
his second wife ; and that to the sinister, Talbot impaling 
Cavendish, with crescent for difference, and Earl's coronet 
above, for Gilbert, 7th Earl of Shrewsbury, and Marv' Caven- 
dish, his wife. 

THE RED ROOM, 
the 6th Dukes bedroom, and called the Duke's Room in his 
Handbook. There are no arms over the fireplace, but on some 
applique work on the wall there are monograms in the four 
corners, viz.: (1) of Henry Pierrepoint (H.P.), (2) Elizabeth 
Shrewsbury (viz., E.S.E. and her coronet above), and again (3) 
E.S. over a stag passant, collared azure, and (4) E.C. under a 
Countess's c(jronet, for Elizabeth Cavendish, whilst in the centre 
is a shield bearing the arms of Hardwick, with th-i initials 
E. and S. on either side, and the Countess's coronet abtne. 

IN THE RED DRESSING ROOM 
(or 6th Duke's Dressing Room), no arms, but on the worked 
hangings on the walls many initials and monograms, and this 
coat of arms: Shrnvsbiiry, azure, a lion rampant, within a 
bordure or, impaling Hardwick, argent a saltire engrailed azure, 
and on a chief of the second three roses of the first, with Earl's 
coronet above, and underneath the shield is the monogram 
E.C.S. and the date 1579. 



CATALOGUE OF THE PICTURES AT HARDWICK HALL. 1 5 I 

ON THE LANDING OF THE GRAND STAIRCASE, 
going up towards the Presence Chamber, on the tapestry, are 
the arms and quarterings of the Duke of Devonshire, within the 
garter, and with ducal coronet and motto, in two places near the 
top of the tapestry. The quarterings are : — 

1. Cavendish, sable, three stags' heads caboshed argent. 

2. Smith, argent a chevron gules between three crosses cross- 
let sable. 

3. Brecknock, argent a chevron between three lions gambs 
erased sable. 

4. Scudamore, gules three stirrups or, 2 and i. 

5. Hardwick, argent, a saltire engrailed azure, and on a chief 
of the second three roses of the first. 

6. Keighley, argent a fesse sable. 

And near the bottom of the same tapestry is the Cavendish 
crest, on a wreath argent and sable, a snake nowed ppr., sur- 
mounted by a Duke's coronet. 

On the landing above, just outside the Presence Chamber, 
over the door, and in plaster, uncoloured, are the arms of 
Elizabeth, Lady Shrewsbury, viz., the arms of Hardwick on a 
lozenge, with supporters and Countess's coronet. 

PRESENCE CHAMBER. 

On the walls are the arms of Queen Elizabeth, within the 
Garter and with supporters, lion and dragon, and Imperial crown. 
On the inlaid table are inlaid, two coats-of-arms, Talbot impaling 
Hardwick, for George, 6th Lord Shrewsbury, and Elizabeth 
Hardwick, and Cavendish, with crescent, impaling Talbot, for 
Henry Cavendish and Lady Grace Talbot, his wife; there are 
also representations of various musical instruments inlaid in 
different kinds of wood, and in the middle of the table is 
this inscription : — 

TH^ . REDOLENT . SM '- E 
OF . iEGLENTVNE 
WE . ST.\GGES . EXAXET 
TO . THE . DEVEVNE 

There being on either side a stag as a .sui)purter. 



152 CATALOGUE OF THE PICTURES AT HARDWICK HALL. 

On the Canopy of State at the north end of the Presence 
Chamber are the following twelve sets of initials and arms worked 
on the vallance going round it, four on each side and four 
in front; beginning on the left: — (i) G. T. (Gilbert Talbot); 
(2) M. T. (Mary Talbot); (3) the arms of Cavendish; (4) G. C. 
(Grace Cavendish); in front: — (5) W. C. (William Cavendish); 
(6) the arms of Cavendish impaling Hardwick; (7) a worked 
figure ; (8) C. L. (Charles Lennox) ; and on the East side : — 
(9) h!'f. (Henry and Frances Pierrepont) ; (10) the arms of 
Cavendish; (11) H. C. (Henry Cavendish); (12) q.'m. (Gilbert 
and Mary Talbot). Underneath the canopy in the middle are 
the initials E. S. 

There are twenty paintings on the wood panelling of the bow 

(ten on each side). 

LIBRARY. 

Over the chimney-piece, figures in the middle, and on the 

dexter side, Queen Elizabeth's arms, with supporters and crown, 

and on the sinister side, the initials E. R. in red surmounted 

by the crown. 

GREEN ROOM. 

No arms. Figure over chimney-piece with " CHARITAS " 
under it. 

The quilt of the bed in this room, made of patchwork uf all 
the materials covering the furniture in the 6lh Duke's various 
houses, was given to him by his housekeepers, who had made 
it for him, on the 21st May, 1849. 

MARY, QUEEN OF SCOTS', ROOM. 
Over the chimneypiece, in i)laster, on a lozenge, the arms ot 
Hardwick, with stags as supporters and Countess's coronet above, 
and above it on either side, just over the supporters, are two 
shields; that to the dexter Harckvick inn)aling Leeke, argent on a 
saltire engrailed sable, nine annulets or; the arms of Lady Shrews, 
bury's father and mother, John Hardwick and his wife, Eliza- 
beth, daughter of John Leake, of Hasland, of a younger branch 
of the Leakes of Sutton Scarsdale ; and the shield on the 
sinister side has the arms of Cavendish, with crescent for 



CATALOGUE OF THE PICTURES AT HARDWICK HALL. 1 53 

difference, impaling, argent, a fesse gules (incorrectly coloured, 
it should he, argent, a fesse sahle), Kcighlev — the arms of 
William Cavendish, Lady Shrewsbury's second son (afterwards) 
Earl of Devonshire, and Anne Keighley, his wife. 

Near the door are the arms of Mar)-, Queen of Scots, viz., 
the Royal arms of Scotland, with supporters (two unicorns hold- 
ing banners with the arms of Scotland), crown, crest, and motto 
above, " IN MY DEFENS," and the initials " M. R. " (one on 
either side), all within a semi-circle, on which is inscribed, 
" Marie Stewart par la grace de Dieu Royne de Scosse, 
Douariere de France.' 

BLUE ROOM. 

No arms except on the head of the bed, embroidered just 
above the pillows, two shields, one with the arms of Christian 
Bruce, Countess of Devonshire ; the other with those of the 
6th Duke of Devonshire, viz., on the shield to the dexter 
Caviitdtsh impaling Bruce, or a saltire and chief gules, on a 
canton argent, a lion rampant of the second, and earls coronet 
above, and underneath the shield, the letters "C D" (Christian 
Devonshire), with the date 1629 under them; the other, 
Cavendish, quarterly, j and 4, Cavendisli : 2, Bo vie per bend 
embattled, argent and gules; 3, Clifford chequy or and azure, a 
fesse gules, with a Duke's coronet above, and below, are the 
letters " 'W S D " (William Spencer Devonshire), and the dale, 
185 J, under them. 

NORTH BEDROOM (OR CORNER ROOM). 

There are no arms in this room, but in the adjoining passage 
over the North door into the Gallery, on four oak panels: — 

1. On the first (the one to the dexter), a Talbot argent (the 

Talbot badge). 

2. On the second. Lord Shrewsbury's arms, quarterly of 1 1 

within the garter, with Earl's coronet above. The eleven 
quarterings arranged in three rows, 4, 4, and 3, are ; — 

1. Shrewsbury, azure, a lion rampant within a bordure or. 

2. Talbot, gules, a lion rampant within a bordure en- 

grailed or. 



154 CATALOGUE OF THE PICTURES AT HARDWICK HALL. 

3. Talbot ancient, bendy of ten argent and gules. 

(The argent has been here re-painted azure in error.) 

4. Comyn, gules three garbs or, 2 and 1. 

5. Valence, barry of ten argent and azure, an orle of 

martlets gules. 

6. Butler, or a chief indented azure. 

7. Strange, argent two lions passant gules. (The argent 

has been here also re-painted azure in error.) 

8. Nevill, gules a saltire argent. (The saltire has been 

re-painted azure in error.) 

9. Furnival, argent a bend between six martlets gules. 

(The argent has been turned to sable.) 

10. Audley, or a fret gules. 

11. As No. I, azure, a lion rampant within a bordure or. 

3. On the next panel a larger shield, with the same eleven 

quarterings placed in the same order, impaling Hardwtck, 
and with an Earls coronet above. 

4. On the fourth panel is a stag passant proper, collared azure, 

the collar charged with three roses argent, and the collar 
being edged with gold. 
There are four plain panels above these. 

GALLERY. 
There are coats-of-arms on some of the pictures, most of 
which have been alluded to in the foregoing Catalogue. The 
large looking-glass at the south end has the arms of the ist Duke 
of Devonshire at the top, viz.. Cavendish impaling Butler, with 
supporters and coronet. Over the fireplace nearest to the south 
end is a figure of Justice, with " IVSTITLA. ' under it ; and 
over the fireplace towards the north end a figure of Mercy, with 
" MISERICORDIA " under it. 

' BEDROOM IN THE SOUTH-EAST TURRET, 
Called the Lawn Room in the 6th Duke's Handbook. 
Over the fireplace is a shield, with the arms of Hardwick 
quarterly with, argent a fesse gules (this quartering in the second 
and third quarters should be, argent a fesse and in chief three 



CATALOGUE OF THE PICTURES AT HARDWiCK HALL. 1 55 

mullets sable, hut is wrongly painted, as here stated); under the 
shield are the initials " E. S. " and above, on a helmet and 
wreath (the wreath incorrectly painted azure and gules, instead 
of argent and azure), the crest, a stag passant ppr., collared azure, 
the collar being charged with three roses argent. Above this 
shield are two smaller shields, one on either side — that to the 
dexter, Talbot impaling Hardwick, with Earl's coronet above it ; 
and that to the sinister Lennox azure, three fleurs de lis or 
within a bordure gules charged with ten buckles or, impaling 
Cavendtsh, with the crescent or for difference, and Earl's coronet 
above it. 

There are no arms in the Dressing Room to this room or in 
the small Bedroom near the Chapel. 

In the staircase up the North Tower is a shield painted on 
panel, Cavendish impaling Howard. 

Going on to the roof, the arms of Hardwiek on a lozenge in 
plaster are over the fireplace in the room in the north-east tower. 

In the room in the south-west tower, over the fireplace, in 
plaster, is the Cavendish crest, a snake nowed. 

It may seem hardly appropriate to describe the Tapestry 
n(jw, but seeing that an interesting discovery was made during 
the past year (1902) in connection with the arms upon some 
of it, it may be well to record that before concluding this 
account. 

On the tapestry which covers the walls of the gallery, and is 
also in the drawing-room, there are at intervals in the border, 
shields, repealed, bearing the arms of Hardwick, and its quar- 
tering, viz. : (Quarterly 1 and 4, Hai-diviek, argent a saltire 
engrailed azure, on a chief of the second three roses of the first; 
2 and 3, argent a fesse, and in chief three mullets sable, 
with the crest above, on a wreath argent and azure, a stag 
passant ppr., collared azure, the collar charged with three roses 
argent. It was therefore supposed that this tapestry had been 
specially made for Lady Shrewsbury, till the discovery was 
made that these shields were not part of the tapestry, but simply 
pieces of flannel on which the above arms were painted, the 
pieces having been cut to the exact size of the shields already in 



156 CATALOGUE OF THE PICTURES AT HARDWICK HALL. 

the tapestry, over which they were fastened and which they hid 
completely, and that the crest in the tapestry, a hind statant 
had been altered into the stag passant, etc., as above-mentioned, 
by painting in a fore leg, and horns, and collar. The arms 
underneath prove to be those of Sir Christopher Hatton, Lord 
Chancellor in Queen Elizabeth's reign, and are the arms of 
Hatton, quarterly of eleven (the eleven quarterings being in 
three rows of 4, 4, and 3). They are as follows : — 

1. Azure, a chevron between three garbs or {Hatton). 

2. Argent, a cross botonne between four martlets gules 
{Golborne). 

3. Argent, an eagle displayed sable (Bruyn). 

4. Argent, on a bend sable, three covered cups of the first 
{Rixton). 

5. Sable, a cross engrailed ermine (Hallam). 

6. Or, a saltire sable {Helsby). 

7. Azure, on a chevron between three garbs or, a crescent 
sable for difference {Hatton). 

8. Sable, a fesse argent, and in chief a crescent or {Bostock). 

9. Azure, five cinquefoils in cross argent {Holdcnb}'). 

10. Argent three bendlets sable, and on a canton of the last 
a tower of the first {Carvcll). 

11. Argent, on a chief gules three fleurs de lis or 
{IVasliingley). 

The crest, a hind statant, as already mentioned. 

These shields are repeated some seven or more times along 
the border of the tapestry in the gallery, and also appear on 
that in the drawing-room in more than one place. 

These arms and quarterings shew that the tapestry was un- 
doubtedly made for Queen Elizabeth's Lord Chancellor, Sir 
Christopher Hatton, who held that office from the 29th April, 
1587, to his death on the 20th November, 1591. He had built 
two large houses in Northamptonshire; Kirby, and Holdenby, or 
Holmby, and dying unmarried, left his property to his nephew 
(the son of his only sister). Sir William Newport (who took the 
name of Hatton), with remainder to his godson and heir male, 



CATALOGUE OF THE PICTURES AT HARDWICK HAI.L. 1 57 

Sir Christopher Hatton, who succeeded to it on Sir William's 
death, without male issue, on the 12th March, 1596-7. It is 
very probable that Lady Shrewsbury may have purchased this 
tapestry from him, for, as he made Kirby his home, and obtained 
an Act of Parliament (in 1605) to enable him to dispose of 
Holdenby and other estates, which he thereupon conveyed to 
the King's Trustees for the use of his Majesty for life, remainder 
to Charles, Duke of York, his second son, etc., it is most likely 
that he had previously dismantled the house at Holdenby and 
disposed of some of its contents. 

TAPESTRY. 

The fifteenth century hunting tapestry, to which attention 
was drawn b) the Rev. Charles Kerry in a treatise upon 
Derbyshire tapestries, and which has been restored, consists 
of four large panels, of the first of which, now temporarily 
hung in the gallery, an excellent description and illustrated 
account was given in the A?'i Workers' Quarterly, Vol. I., 
No. 3, July, 1902. 

In the Laivn Room the " Judgment of Solomon " has a beauti- 
ful border of fruit and leaves. 

In the windows of the Drawing Room are pieces evidently 
representing the " Parable of the Talents." 

In the Smoking Room are pieces of the same tapestry as in 
the Blue Room, called fifteenth century verdures in Mr. Kerry's 
book already mentioned. 

/« the Presence Chamber, " The story of Ulysses," mentioned 
in the Countess of Shrewsbury's will. 

In the North or Corner Room the tapestry represents the 
history' of Tobias and the meeting of Jacob and Esau. 

In the Drawing Room are four framed pieces of tapestry 
work, on one of which are the arms of Keighlev, argent a fesse 
sable, hanging from a tree; also a screen, with work and the 
arms of Hardwick on a lozenge, with supporters and a Countess s 
coronet ; also a frame with painted glass, on which are three 
shields — Tiardivick, with helmet and crest, a stag passant, and 



158 CATALOGUE OF THE PICTURES AT HARDWICK HALL. 

above, to the dexter and sinister, two shields, both with the 
following arms : Talbot gules, a lion rampant within a bordure 
(not engrailed) or, impaling Hardwick. 

In the Minstrel Gallery are eleven similar frames with work, 
on one of which are the arms of Shrcwsburw azure, a lion 
rampant within a bordure or. There are nine framed pieces 
of work (one large and eight small) in the gallery not yet hung, 
and three more at the top of the grand staircase. But I must not 
touch further on this subject, which will, I hope, be fully dealt 
with by an abler hand than mine. 

Note. — The monogram " G.G.E.," on the screens in the Hall, so often 
referred to, is composed of a central E. between two G.s, that on the left being 
reversed as on the famous monogram of Charles II. which has two C.s 
similarly arranged. The E. is, of course, for Elizabeth Hardwick, Countess of 
Shrewsbury, and the two G.s for the 4th husband, George, sixth Earl of 
Shiewsbury, for it seems hardly probable that one of them would be intended 
for his first wife, Gertrude Manners, eldest daughter of Thomas, first Earl of 
Rutland. 



159 



l^otes on 0\ti Buxton anti IJtstnct.* 



By W. Turner, F.S.S. 




iHAT Buxton was a Roman Station railed Aquae has 
been confidently stated. At or near St. Anne's Well 
various relics have been found, such as baths, the 
ruins of a temple on the Terrace (Stane Cliffe), and 
a Roman milestone at Silverlands. (See Dcrbxshirc Arch. Soc. 
Journal for 1885.) Mr. Salt has, himself, found several 
Roman coins and other relics of the Roman occupation in the 
neighbourhood. Several archaeologists have urged him to note 
down, for permanent record, various indications around Buxton 
of an archaeological nature, with a view to assist the re.searches 
of future explorers in that field of investigation. They are 
as follows : — ■ 

(i) There are indications of a Roman road having existed 
between the centre of Buxton and Burbage. 

(a) About fourteen years ago, when some pipes were being 
laid in Green Lane, Burbage, a piece of " pitching " was laid 
bare at a point near to Sycamore Cottages. From its worn, 
but workmanlike, construction, it appeared to be Roman. A 
coarse jar of pottery was embedded alongside. It was 
discovered by one of the workmen, who sold it (the pottery 
jar) to a passing visitor. The information was given to 
Mr. Salt by a foreman of the works. 

{b) When Lismore Road was constructed, about eleven years 

* The information contained in this paper has been supplied l)y Mr. 
Micah Salt, of Buxton. 



t6o notes on old BUXTON AND DISTRICT. 

ago, Mr. Gilman, foreman of the works, stated that he rame 
upon an old pitched road, a few feet below the surface, at a point 
about three, or four yards from Burlington Road. A broken 
piece of dres.sed millstone grit was discovered. It was about 
2 1 inches by 14, and had a hole drilled in the end of it, and 
was perhaps the remains of a Roman altar. It was 
conveyed to Mr. Salt's premises, and placed outside; but, 
unfortunately, a severe winter ensued, and the frost split it 
into fragments. 

(c) Mr. Gilman also informed him (Mr. Salt) that about the 
year 1892, when laying pipes in Macclesfield Road, he came 
upon another piece of pitched road, close to where the bill- 
posting station now is. 

Therefore, taking a bee-line from the centre of the Crescent 
at Buxton to Burbage, at points indicated, the measurements, 
through gardens and fields, are as follows: — 

Crescent to Lismore Road ... ... 1,720 feet. 

Lismore Road to Maccle.sfield Road ... 1,400 „ 
Macclesfield Road to Sycamore Cottages 1,500 „ 

Total ... ... ... 4,620 „ 

or seven-eighths of an English mile. 

(2) The Ordnance Map indicates that a road, from " Little 
Che.ster " (Derby) to Buxton, existed. Parts of it are traceable, 
parallel with the Ashbourne Road, near Buxton, but it seems 
to disappear nearly opposite to the Cemetery. But in a field 
(opposite to Buxton College) on the south side of Green Lane, 
there are indications of such a road and what would seem to 
be foundations of ancient buildings. The swelling of the 
ground, suggesting a causeway, can be traced east until past 
the line of " The Ferns," and pointing to the junction of the 
present-day highways in front of " Sherbrook House." Coming 
back westward, the road (if it is one) seems to run through 
the next three fields, to cross the turnpike, near Poole's Cavern, 
and to pass through the Golf Links, keeping parallel with and 



NOTES ON OLD BUXTON AND DISTRICT. iTiT 

near to ihe highway (Green Lane), until opposite to Sycamore 
Cottages, where it would appear to have joined the road (No. i) 
from Buxton to Rurhage. This is likely enough, because it is 
supposed that a Roman highway went by Burbage and .A.xe 
Edge, and on to Kinderton — the Roman " Con<late.' 

(3) It has also been thought that the Roman Road from 
Derby came straight into Buxton. There is, however, no 
reason why it should not have forked. That is probable, 
because about twenty-five years ago a piece of .solid pitched road 
was disclosed in the London Road, Buxton, opposite the 
Primitive Methodist Chapel, when (hgging the foundations of 
a building. This information was supplied by the builder. 

In this connection, the Roman milestone* might be men- 
tioned which was found at Silverlands, and described in this 
Journal, 1885, page 79, for the Roman road in question may 
have curved round in that direction to suit Roman engineering 
plans, and to approach the Bathom Gate Road via Fairfield, 
as well as to reach the centre of Buxton. 

(4) As a further proof that the Romans used Buxton as a. 
bathing place, what ai)peared to be a bath was found at the 
back of Clarendon Buildings, Manchester Road, by Mr. 
Webster, the owner, about twenty years ago. MV. Salt was 
invited to see it. The Chalj'beate spring rises about this site, 
and may have been utilised for the purpose of the bath. 

(5) About twenty-five years ago, Mr. Brittain, auctioneer, 
made an excavation at the side of his garden at Fairfield, near 
Buxton. He found a piece of pitched road, which was dug 
up and the stones utilised. Amongst them was a Roman 
milestone, which, ultimately, was built into the foundation walls 
of his new stables in Spring Gardens, Buxton. His house at 
Fairfield is nearly opposite to the " Bull's Head " Inn, on the 
main road. Again, at about five hundred yards from the " fin«i " 
of pitching just recorded, in a north-eastern direction, another 
piece of old pitching was found. A line taken from one to 

* This valuable relic of our country's history is the property of the 
Derbyshire Archreological and Natural History Society, and is on loan 
to the Public Museum at Derby, but will shortly be exhibited at the Buxton 
Museun.— Ed. 



1 62 NOTES ON OLD BUXTON AND DISTRICT. 

the Other may, possibly, determine the exart course of the 
" Bathom Gate," as it points to Bradwell an<l Brough. 

In connection with this road, there is apparently another 
which may have started from the same point, but at an acute 
angle to it, and which kept a north course to Dove Holes 
and onwards. It is discernible to the left of the turnpike 
leading to that village, but is lost to the north of the great 
lime-ash heap there. But its continuation would he a road— 
the old road from Dove Holes to Chapel-en-le-Frith — which is 
called " Roman Road " by the villagers to this day. 

Again, at right angles, or nearly .so, to the road just men- 
tioned, and at Dove Holes, there is another striking off to the 
east, which is still termed "Roman Road.'" It seems to proceed 
in the direction of the " Bathom Gate,"' and if it did so in 
ancient times, it is evident that a near course would be obtained 
for military changes from the Roman road in the direction of 
Whaley Bridge to the station at Brough (Navio). 

(6) At Ca.stle Bottoms, Fough Farm, near Hollinsclough, 
there are traces of extensive foundations, divided into com- 
partments, sufficient for some old castle or hill fort. 

(7) At Crovvdicote, near Hartington, there are remains of 
foundations of an old castle. A passage like a cave had been 
made under them. In it were found, about twenty years ago, 
a number of relics, as follows: Silver coins (one of Henry III., 
others unknown), an iron arrow-p<nnt, bronze key, frame of 
a buckle, piece of lead with loop-hole in it, piece of bronze 
buckle, figure of a man in lead i ^ ins. long, two other pieces 
of bronze, bronze rowel for spur, a dressed grit-stone. The 
latter has a socket, and may have been either a " capital "' or 
" pedestal "' for a pillar. The cottages near the spot are partly 
built of .sandstone, evidently from the ruins, for they are in a 
limestone country, and the grit-stones must, otherwise, have 
been brought from a distance. 

(8) On the west side of Staker Hill (two miles south of 
Buxton) there are the foundations of walls, enclosing several 



NOTES ON OLD BUXTON AND DISTRICT. 163 

pieces of ground, each of about 60 yards by 1 5 yards wide, 
which may have been the site of a large building, and they are 
evidently not modern. 

(9) In a field between " Heathfield Nook " and Cowdale 
(2^ miles ea.st of Buxton) there is a triangular piece of earth- 
work, rising about two feet above the original surface, and 
not modern. 



[As this goes to press comes the news that Mr. Salt and his son, 
Mr. V. Salt, have discovered the remains of an extensive occupation of 
Romano-British times, on the' site of the new road, known as Holker Road, 
le.vling from Spring Gardens, Buxton. These remains are within about 
a hundred yards of where the Silverlands milestone was found, and where 
a previous discovery of four bronze axes was made. They comprise some 
five hundred pieces of Samian shards (two bearing potters' names), and 
of coarser ware, pieces of Roman glass, fragments of bronze, iron and 
lead, charcoal and charred bones of animals, and also an area of 30 feet 
bv 10 feet rudely paved with blocks of limestone. The explorations are 
being continued, and the results are watched with great interest. It is 
almost needless to a<ld that Mr. Turner is one of the explorers. — Ed.] 



164 



l3oU)tren of Bototren. 



By Henry Kirke, M.A., B.C.L. 




HILvST turning over the leaves of Add. MS. 24,460, 
in the library of the British Museum, I came across 
the following note upon one of the Bowdens, of 
Bowden Hall, near Chapel-en-le-Frith : — 

" Thomas Bowden, son of Nicholas Bowden, of Bowden, by 
his first wife, is said to have died April 15th, 168:, attributed 
(sic) to the effect of excessive drinking in which he was engaged. 
Mr. Milward, a Derby gentleman, and Mr. Rawlinson getting 
their deaths on the same occasion. 

" George Bowden, uncle of Thomas, was author of a volume 
of poems printed about 1680: he married Ellen, daughter of 
Augustine Poole, of Langley. Thomas Bowden married 
Elizabeth, who died 1706." 

This statement does not agree with the accepted pedigrees. 
Thomas Bowden, who was born in 1654, was a son of Nicholas 
Bowden by his second wife, daughter of Thomas Bamby, of 
Barnby, co. York. He was married on the 5th February, 1694, 
to Elizabeth, daughter of William Bosville, of Gunthwaite, co. 
York, Colonel in the Parliamentary Army, so he could not 
have died in 1681. 

I have not been able to find any volume of poems written 
by George Bowden. It was George Bowdens great grand- 
father, of the same name, who married F'dlen, daughter of 
Augustine Poole, of Langley. I know not whom George 
Bowden married, if he married at all. It is probable that he 
died unmarried, as he was entered as eldest son and heir of 
Thomas Bowden, of Bowilen, in St. George's Visitation of 
i6ri, whereas Nicholas, the second son, succeeded to the family 
estate. 



i65 



ilomau WBtiQf)t& fountr at flTelantrra. 



By Thomas May, F.E.I.S. 



Ji^^ 



LTHOUGH little definite infurmatiun can be derived 
from the examination of the small weights, recently 
found at Melandra, owing to their diversity among 
themselves (a defect which has been observed in all 
the extant weights of the Roman period), yet they form an 
interesting study as illustrating the systems of weights and coins 
introduced into this country by the Romans, which still form 
the basis of our present denominations, and the relationship 
between the two systems as they originally subsisted. 

They are twenty in number, and, with the exception of 
No. 9a which is of bronze, are all of lead. They were found 
close together in the north-east corner of the Roman encamp- 
ment at Dinting, near Glossop, known as Melandra Castle (the 
supposed Zerdotalia of the Ravennate), which is now in process 
of excavation under the care of Mr. Robert Hamnett, and are 
in a nearly perfect state of preservation, though covered with 
a thick coating of oxide. 

Our illustration, which is reproduced from a photograph by 
Mr. J. J. Phelps, of Manchester, represents nineteen of them 
in a group, the one omitted, No. 16, having been discovered 
after the photograph was taken. It includes, also, placed on 
the extreme left, a curious conical helix of lead, of uncertain 
use, f(nmd <jn precisely the same site. See No. 20. 

They are all whole multiples of the scripulum, but they 
do not form a complete series or conform to one standard, 
as will be seen from the subjoined lists. In these are given 
their present and presumed ancient weights in grains, the 
number of scripula and drachmae or denarii represented by 



J 66 ROMAN WEIGHTS FOUND AT MELANDRA. 

each, and the norm or weight in grains of the libra to which 
they severally conform. It will also be seen that there are three 
sets of duplicates, of which two, Nos. 7 and 8, weighing 
18 scripula, conform to different standards. The denomination 
of two can be determined by the marks upon them. No. 15,* 
weighing 1,188* grains, and marked ~— (3 undo:), is the 
qiiadrans, which gives a norm of 4,752 grains for the libra, or 
396 grains for the iinda, which is more than two hundred 
grains below the average of the trade weights of the Higher 
Empire, namely, 4,956 grains, and nearly one hundred grains 
below that of the later Latin standard of 4,819 grains — a 
decrease of one-fortieth occurring from imperial to Byzantine 
times. No. 16, weighing 1,712.5 grains, and marked IIII 
(4 iiiiciic), is the iriais, giving a norm of 5,137 grains for the 
libra, or 428^5 grains for the iincia, which is nearly one 
hundred grains higher than the average gold standard (5,053 
grains) of the earliest and best period of the coinage. The 
total difference between the two normals, deduced from the 
Melandra weights, is 385 grains. 

There is found, however, to be as great a diversity between 
other sets of weights of the same age. Those, for instance, in 
the British Museum marked " Ad Augusti temp." range from 
4,971 to 5,535 grains to the libra; and in another instance, 
a single set varies fnjm 4,700 to 5,168. For the purpose of 
comparison, a table is subjoined, giving, in adjoining columns, 
the weight in grains of (1) a set in the British Museum; (2) the 
normal weights derived from the coins given in Dr. W. Smith's 
Dictionary of Greek and Roman Antiquities ; (3) the like from 
the coins in Mr. Hill's Handbook of Greek and Roman Coins ; 
(4) and (5) the like from the two weights above mentioned, 
Nos. 15 and 16 of the Melandra set. 





(i) 


(2) 


(3) 


(4) 


(5) 




grains. 


grains. 


grains. 


grains. 


grains. 


Siliqua, ^i^, 


2-87 


2'92 


2-92 


2-75 


2-97 


Scripulum, -^, 


17 "2 


'7'534 


17-55 


i6-S 


17-83 


Sextula, ^, 


687 


70-138 


70-2 


66- 


7 1 "34 


Uncia, Unit 


412- 


420-833 


421-12 


396- 


428-05 


Libra, 12, 


495°" 


5050" 


5o53"32 


4752- 


5137' 



These numbers refer lo the plale and the table on page 168. 



ROMAN WEIGHTS FOUND AT MELANDRA. 167 

Two bronze weights of the Roman uncia standard found by 
Professor Flinders I'etrie, at Naukratis, in Egypt (Tanis, Fourth 
Mem. of llie Egyptian Exploration Fund, j888, pt. II., p. 93) 
weigh 396.7 and 400.9 grains respectively. The former 
approximates very chjsely to that of the uncia derived from 
No. 15 of the Melandra weights; and a leacien weight marked 
2 (semis or 6 uncia), weighing 2,573 grains, recently discovered 
during my uwn excavations at Wilderspool, gives an uncia of 
428.8 grains, which is an equally close approximation to that 
obtained from No. 16. 

Though numbered progressively in one series according to 
weight, those under ccjnsideration are grouped in two tables, 
each containing 10. These are respectively headed, "Trade 
Weights, libra 4,752 grains," and "Coin Weights, libra 5,137 
grains," according tu their approximation to either standard 
derived from the two marked weights, Nos. 15 and 16, on 
the supposition that they form separate sets, intended for 
different purposes. 

The standard of the coinage was always higher and more 
uniform than that of the ordinary trade weights or mean 
standard, as will be perceived by a comparison of the following 
averages, taken from the article on " Weights and Measures '' 
in the Encyclopadia Britannica : — 

Trade Weights. Weight of libra. 

100 of the Higher Empire average 4,956 grains. 
42 later Greek „ 4)857 „ 

16 later Latin „ 4,819 „ 

Coin Weights. Weight of libra. 

The oldest coins average 5,056 ,, 

The Campanian Roman ,, 5)05° » 

The Consular gold „ 5)037 „ 

The Imperial gold (aurei) „ S!°37 » 

The solidi of Constantine I. average 5,053 grains. 
Justinian gold ... ... „ 4>996 „ 

Coin weights of glass of the Byzantine [)eriod, found in Egypt, 
a\erage 68 grains to the solidus or sextula, giving a libra of 
4,986 grains. 



1 68 



ROMAN WEIGHTS FOUND AT MELANDRA. 



WEIGHTS FOUND AT MELANDRA. 
Table I. — Trade Wekiht.s, Libra 4752 Grains. 



d 




ti s 2 

148-32 


Name and 
Mark. 


D ~ 

5 « 


Q 


OR Denarii. 

Divisions & 
Multiples 
of Uncia. 


Ancient 
Weight. 
Grains. 


Norm. 
Libra. 
Grains. 


Description. 


(I 




9 


3 


a 


148-5 


4746 


Hemispherical. 


{2 


148-8 




9 


3 


ji 


,, 


4761 


Plano-convex, pierced. 


6 


241-92 


. 


15 


5 


i 


247-5 


4798 


Discoidal, punctured. 


7 
9 


299-52 

33 1 "2 




18 
20 


6 
65 


5 


297 
330 


4792 
4769 


Flat disc. 

( Discoidal, recessed on 
1 top. (f oz. Avoir.) 
(Bronze, cylindrical, 


9a 


405-6 


Uncia 


24 


8 


I 


396 


4867 


\ notched across one 
[ end. 


ri3 

IS 


918-7 
921-12 

1188 -' 


Quadrans 


56 
56 

1 


183 
183 

24 


2i 

3 


924 
1 188 


4724 
4737 
4752 


Double conic section. 
( .Square prism, notched 
( across one end. 

Cubical. 


19 


I 
4744*32 


Libra 


288 


96 




12 


4752 
Average ... 


4744 


Olilate-spheriod. 




4769 





Table II. — Coin Weights, Libra 5137 Grains. Ancient Gold, Libra 5053 Grains. 



d 
2 


Present 
Weight. 
Grains. 


3 


1 
177-12 


4 


192-5 1 


S 


218-88 


8 


3H"4 


10 


435*36 


II 


535-2 


12 


625-44 


(16 


1712-5 


ii7 


1728 


18 


1882-08 



is 
2; 



d-2 






Seiniincia 



( Sesc uncia 

V •) 

/ Triens 

y iin. 

Triens 



10 
II 
12 
18 
25 
30 

36 
96 
96 
108 



^ I ~ z 

X u S w 

Z OS -nc 
Q 






4 
6 

10 



32 
36 






S 5 c 
o2 2 



Description. 



Anc'nt jxyy 
Gold ^'^^ 
175 



\\ 193 

4 , 210 

s 1 315-8 

1 2^ 438-6 

\\ 1526-8 

li 631-5 

4 1684 

4 1 .. 



178I 5101 

196 5040 

214 5253 

321 5030 

445! 5224 

535j 5137 

642 5003 

1712 5137 

„ i 5184 



Discoidal, plugged. ■ 

Flat ring. 3 

Square. (\ oz. Avoir.) 
I Discoidal, recessed on 
I top. 

Do. (l oz. Avoir.) 

Flat -disc. 

Do. 

Do. 
Discoidal. 



4A 1894-8JI926 5040 Flat Oval. 
j Avera ge. . , 511 5 



ROMAN WEIGHTS FOUND AT MELANDRA. 1 69 

* 

It is evident, from the small size of the majority of these 
weights, that they were not employed for weighing copper 
coins, eight of their number being of less weight than a bronze 
sestertius ; and the low standard to which ten of their nimiber 
included in Table I. conform, makes it evident that the latter 
were not used for weighing coins of any description, except, 
perhaps, as bullion. Yet the fact that so many small and 
irregular weights have been found together in a military encam}> 
ment strongly suggests that they were employed for some special 
purpose, such as the apportionment of the various defective 
and alloyed silver and gold coins forming the pay of the 
garrison. If so, they probably correspond to definite numbers 
of gold or silver coins, but whether these were aurei, solidi, 
denarii, argentei, niiliarcnsia, or sestertii, or their sub-divisions, 
could only be determined by a more definite knowledge of the 
period to which the weights belong, which, however, was 
probably late. 

No doubt the Roman quastor and siipendiarius were as 
much alive to the necessity of weighing worn, defaced, and 
imported coins as the money-changer and banker of the present 
day. They likewise possessed special weights marked and 
adjusted to the official standard ; and at Rome, the standard 
weights were deposited in the temjjles of Ops, Mars Ultor, 
Hercules, Castor, etc. Evidence also exists, in the form of 
an inscription up(jn a statera (steelyard), that a central office was 
provided for adjusting such instruments. The counterpoises 
used in connection with the latter found in this country are 
often patched with lead for a . similar purpose. The want of 
sensibility in the extant examples of the statera and triitiua (beam 
and scales), however, of which the support is obtuse and above 
the centre of gravity, may explain the diversity of these weights 
among themselves which is so confusing to us, and perhaps 
suggests that no great precision in weighing was attained. 

The Roman monetar)- .system was based upon the libra weight 
of bronze {aes), the earliest circulating medium being the 
as libralis, with its sub-divisions, viz. : — 



I 70 ROMAN WEIGHTS FOUND AT MELANDRA. 

As libralis, mark of value I 12 uiiciic. 

^, Semis, ,, S 6 ,, 

^, Trie US, „ .... 4 )> 

i, Qitadrans, „ , , . 3 " 

1^, Sextans, „ , , 2 ,, 

Jj, Uncia, „ , i » 

The silver coinage was based upon the dcnanus introduced 
in B.C. 269, weighing one scxtula (70 grains) or four scripula, 
which was then worth 10 bronze asses, the weight of the as 
having fallen to 4 uncicc {incntal). The denarius was sub- 
divided into its half, the qiiinarius, and fourth part, the 
sestertius; and later the victor iatus, equal to two-thirds of the 
denarius, was introduced. 

The earliest gold coins, dating from about B.C. 217, were 
the scrupular aurci, weighing i, 2, and 3 scripula, valued at 
20, 40, and 60 sestertii; subsequently, B.C. 207, a gold aureus 
of one-fortieth libra (]26 grains), valued at 25 silver denarii, 
or 100 silver sestertii, or 250 bronze asses (sexiantal), was 
employed. 

In the time of Augustus, B.C. 15, the sestertius of yellow brass 
{orichaleum), worth double its weight of ordinary red bronze,* 
and weighing about one uneia, first came into use, and was 
reckoned equal to a quarter denarius, or four bronze asses, the 
weight of the as having fallen to half an uncia {semuncial). 

The principal coins of the early Empire were: (i) the gold 
aureus, one-forty-second of the libra (120 grains); (2) the silver 
denarius, one-eighty-fourth of the libra (60 grains) ; the brass 
sestertius, i uncia; the aureus being reckoned at 25 denarii, 
100 sestertii, or 400 asses. 

A larger and smaller silver coin, the argenteus, one-sixty- 
fourth of the libra, and the denarius niinulus, one-ninety-sixth 
of the libra, were added by Caracalla in a.d. 215. 

After Severus Alexander, a.d. 222, " begins a period of hope- 
less confusion, such that the scales must have been necessary 

* Hill's Handbook oj Greek and Roman Coins, p. 50. 



ROMAN WEIGHTS FOUND AT MELANDRA. 171 

in all transactions in which gold passed" {Hamibook of 
Greek and Roman Cotns, p. 54). By the time of Diocletian, 
A.D. 284, successive debasements had reduced the principal 
yold com to one-sixtieth of the Ubra (84 grains), the silver to 
one-nmety-sixth of the Ubra (53.6 grains), and the brass 
scslerluis had disappeared. The restorations bv the latter 
emperor m a.d. .96, and by Constantine the Great in a.d. ,06 
established (z) the gold soUdus or sexinla of ..ne-seventy-second 
of the hbra (70 grains), which remained long in use- (A the 
silver nuUarense* of equal weight, but alloyed to equal'in value 
one-twelfth of the soUdus ; and (3) the bronze /.//.., worth one^ 
twenty-tourth of the nuUaren.e. In a.d. 30:, the nominal 
value of Ubra of gold (5,053 grains) was ,0 ...-.;, or , 000 
miUarensm, or .5,000 /.//.., or 50,000 denarn ; the latter 
<leno,nmation being merely money of account. The standard 
weights of the gold aureus and silver m,Uarense were con- 
-quently xox grains and 70 grains respectivelv. The silver 
1olUs or pur.e was equal to 250 miUarensia. 

Under the early Empire, silver dcnarU were the coins actually 
used in the payment of large amounts, which were generally 
reckoned m sesterUi ; the unit sesterUum meaning 10 aurei, or 
250 denarii, or r,ooo sesieriii. 

During the Republic there was a separate military coinage, 
the earliest gold coins, issued about 217 b.c, being for that 
purpose.! Under the emperors this series of the co'inage was 
included in the general .system. According to Polybius (vi., 37), 
in his time the foot soldier received 2 oboU (3^ asses) a' day.' 
He uses the word bx}ju>viov, which Luke (iii. 14) also employs 
in the passage "and be content with your wages." It is 
equivalent to the Latin stipendium, a unit paid three times a 
year. The soldier's annual pay was, therefore, 1,200 old 
standard asses or 120 denarii, the denarius being always 
reckoned as 10 asses in such payments (Pliny, N.H. xxxiii. 45), 

t Ibid, p. 90. ^ ^^' 



172 ROMAN WEIGHTS FOUND AT MELANDRA. 

and the stipendium or unit was 400 asses, or 40 denarii, or 
if aureus. 

Under Augustus the annual amount was 3,600 new standard 
asses, equal to 225 denarii, or 9 aiirci, and the stipendium was 
1,200 asses, or 75 denarii, or 3 aurei. 

Domitian added 25 denarii or i aureus to the stipendium, 
making it equal to 1,600 asses, or 100 denarii, or 4 aurei. 

The foregoing data furnish the means of estimating the 
actual weight of the gold and silver coins equal to a stipendium 
at those three periods of Roman history. In the time of 
Polybius {circa 150 B.C.) its nominal weights in silver and gold 
were (60 grs. x 40 =) 2,400 grains and (126 grs. x if ) = 
201.6 grains; in that of Augustus (60 grs. x 75 =) 4,500 
grains and (126 grs. x 3 =) 378 grains; and in that of 
Domitian (52.6 grs. x noo =) 5,260 grains and (112 grs. x 4 =) 
448 grains respectively. 

The fact that Xos. 5, 9, 10, and 17 in the list of Aveights 
from Melandra are jjractically equal to \ oz., f oz., i oz., 
and 4 oz. avoirdupois must be merely an accidental coincidence, 
for there can be no doubt as to their Romano-British origin 
and antiquity. The equality shown to exist between those in 
Table II. and a certain number oi draclimcc or denarii stated 
in column 5 is in accordance with the Roman system, whereby 
coins were manufactured to weigh a definite fraction of the 
uncia or libra; and the same name was frequently applied 
to both weight and coin, e.g., as or libra, semis, quardrans, 
siliqua, scxtula or solidus, drachnui, obol, etc. The average 
weight of the unit in column 5, computed from the total of 
the ten weights in Table II., is 53 grains, which coincides 
very nearly with that of the doiarii of Trajan and Hadrian. 

To prevent confusion, these weights are distinguished by 
both punch-marks and differences in shape. No. 18 is a flat 
oval, and is marked by five small punctures peculiarly arranged, 
and by a deep groove along its transverse diameter, thus : 
* * • It may be shown to equal 5 stipcndia of the age of 
Augustus, or 15 gold aurei, in the following way: — 



ROMAN WEIGHTS FOUND AT MEI.ANDRA. 173 

No. ,8. J're.sent weight, 1882.08 grains; 
ancient weight (i«.-''tz= .) 

cy. ,■ ■' '■■ ••• 378 grains. 

Stipend mm, 3 gold aurei (,26 x ^ =) ,.« o-.v 

The sa.e weight .nay .e shown e,ua.t;^36i.pe^,C:. 

I ':r-"t^" °' ^'^ '''^^^" ^'- «^^'"^ =) 5^.63 grains 

X -^6 - ^'894 grants. It is aLso the largest of three weights 

•n multiple progression, Nos. 8, ,., and r8, corresponding in 

we.ght to r8, 36, and xo8 scrrpnla ; 6, r.,. and 36 JnJ^ or 

drachncr; and 2h, 5, and 15 ««r,, respectively. 

The .lenotation of the marks upon Nos. ,0, , r, and t, (one 
two, and three punch-marks re.spectivelv) is still a matter of 
conjecture, since the unit of weight is in each case .lifferent 
and does not correspond to any ordinary denomination 

The foregoing suggestions as to the uses of these weights are 
submitted tentatively, and they are probably incomplete, but 
the subject seems to be worthy of further research and enquiry 
That like needs give rise to like contrivances or survivals- in 
widely distant ages and locahties is well seen in the resemblance 
of our own principal coinage-pounds, shillings, and pence-in 
^^^e, weight, and material to those of the Romans; and their 
names also are recalled by the abbreviations, £ s d for 
libra, sohdus, and datorim, at the head of our accounts 



T74 



(l^rabcstoncs at St. ^ttcv's, IJerftp. 

[SUiPPLEMENTAL.] 



By George Bailey. 




|T has been pointed out that the remarks in a note 

appended to the copy of gravestone of EUzabeth 

Eyre (No. ix., p. 53) in the last volume of this 

Journal, are wanting in clearness j and as there is 

some reason in this, the following supplementar)' remarks vnll 

perhaps remove the ambiguity, and make the note more easy 

to understand. 

The Elizabeth Hickman (mentioned in the note) was the first 
wife of Henry Eyre, of Rowtor, and by her he had one child, 
a daughter, Elizabeth, who became the second wife of Viscount, 
afterwards Earl of, Massareene, and by her the Earl had six 
sons and two daughters. It may be added that Henry 
Eyre inherited the Rowtor estate from his di.stant cousin, 
Thomas Eyre, of Rowtor, who was the eldest son of Roger 
Evre, of Rowtor, the fifth son of Rowland Eyre, of Hassoj). 

Gervase Eyre, of Ranipton = Catherine, daughter of 

I Sir Henry Cooke, Bart. , 
I of Wheatley, Co. York. 



Anthony Eyre = Margaret, daughter of 
of Rampton, I Sir Charles Turner, Bt. 
II.Sherifl'1729. 
Died 1748. I 



Elizabeth, daughter of = Henry, of 



S^ \Villough1)y 
Hickman. 



Rowtor, 

born 

1693. 



Anthony Eyre, 
of tlrove and Rampton, 
from whom descend the 
Eyres of Rampton. 



Elizabeth Eyre- Clotworthy .Skefifington, 
Earl of Massareene. 



•'vl^ 




u 



175 



earl's asaatit. 



By I. Chalkley Gould. 




HIS prehistoric fortress occupies the rock-strewn summit 
of an outcrop of millstone grit on Hathersage Moor, 
nearly two miles east of the village of that name, and 
close to the border of Yorkshire. 

Seen under gloomy atmospheric conditions, so unusual — I am 
told — on the High Peak moors,. Carl's Wark presents a striking 
picture of loneliness and desolation ; while viewed from the moor- 
land path on the eastern side, with the black rocks of Higger 
Tor for a background, this ancient fort seems to stand sphinx- 
like defiant of time and man, yielding no evidence of its story, 
and more like to " an immense blackened altar " than to a shelter 
which may have teemed with life when, with infinite labour, it 
had been made impregnable against armed foes. Some idea of 
its weird, dark, almost uncanny aspect may be formed from the 
illustration reproduced, by permission, from Mr. S. Q. Addy's 
book, The Hall of Waltheof. 

How long a time has passed since the spot was fortified we 
cannot say, but there can be no doubt that the Norseman's 
christening " Carl's Wark '' is evidence that, to him, it was an 
archaic work belonging to a misty past, long anterior to his own 
era. 

Mr. Addy shows that Carl and Odin are .synonyms; in old 

Norse, Karl = man, also an old man. Carl's Wark, then, is the 

Old One's fori, or Odin's fort. 

" Just as the one-eyed Cyclops, according to the ancient fable, huilt 
the great walls of the (ireek hill-forts so the one-eyed Odin was the 
fabulous builder of this strong hill-fort on the Halhcrsage moors. Its 
very name is proof of its vast age." 



T76 



CARL S WARK. 



The name has led some to suppose Carl's Wark a Srandi- 
navian work, but as already shown, this prehistoric fort existed 
long before Dane or any Norseman touched our land.* 

Lacking the invaluable evidence of pick and spade, we know 
not whether Neolithic or bronze-age man left relics here, and it 
is vain to speculate as to the length of time the fort existed ere 
the Romans came, and whether it played any part in the long 
resistance of the northern tribes to the march of the imperial 
letrions. 




The solid lines on the west indicate walls of dry-lxiilt stones. 



Wi^-.. 



Leaving the question of its date till some happy time when 
careful excavations may throw light on the darkness of our 
ignorance, I pass to the characteristics of the fortress. 

Various writers have essayed to describe them since Hayman 
Rooke wrote to the Society of Antiquaries in 1783! — Bateman,t 
Wilkinson,§ Pennington,|| Addy,1I myself,** and others ; but it 

* Perhaps the variants of the name may suggest Celtic origin, as the 
fortress has been known also as Caer's or Cair's Wark; Caer signified a 
fortified place. 

t Arclucologia, vii., p. 175. A Further Adouiif of some Dritidical Kemaiiis 
in Derby s /tire (two plates), I785- 

X Vestiges of the Antiquities of Derbyshire, 1848. 

§ Reliquary, i., p. 159. On some of the Vestiges of the Britons near 
Hat he I sage, i860. 

II Notes nn the Barrows and Bone Caves, 1877. 

T The Hall of IValtheof 1893. 

'''^Journal of British Archieological Association N.S. vii. Early Defensive 
Earthworks, IQOI. 



CARL S WARK. I 77 

must he admitted that the subject is difficult to treat without 
the aid of ample illustrations. Imagine a vast table, with a 
top area of about 600 feet by 200 feet (narrowing to less than 
130 feet at the western end), rising high above a boggy moor, 
its rocky sides of dark millstone-grit perpendicular on the 
north, and partly so on the east and south, while on the west 
a more gradual slope descends to the moor. 

The morass-like character of the immediate surroundings 
no doubt aided defence, and to this day, in ordinary seasons, 
care is needful if one would arrive dry-shod on the spot. 

The forces of nature have dealt terribly with this moorland 
fortress : great stones, once component parts of the wall, lie 
scattered upon the slopes below ; but on the northern side the 
huge natural wall is practically perfect, towering perpendicu- 
larly, high above the surrounding moor. The rock-strewn 




Sectioa 0} w£steriv wall 

surface of the fort is nearly level with the top of these walls, 
excepting on the narrow western side, where we find that the 
builders cast up a rampart of earth, about 20 feet in thickness, 
facing it outside with a wall of stones.* This remarkable 
wall is dry-built, and remains tolerably perfect on this, the one 
weak side of the fort, which was further protected by scarping 
the we.stern slope. Along the base of this .scarping, the way of 
access wound up to a path which is hedged by walls of masonry, 
passing at the south-west angle into the fort. Huge stones 
were added to the natural wall on the southern side where 
necessary, some being from 6 ft. to 9 ft. in length, and possibly 
the southern and eastern sides have been strengthened by earth 
thrown up outside ; but, in the main, Carl's Wark may be said 

* Unfortunately a portion of the wall and rampart has been removed to 
make an approach at the north-western end. 



17^ carl's wark. 

to have had natural defence save on the western side, where 

we find the before-mentioned rampart and wall. The above 

section is given in Mr. S. O. Addy's book, wherein he says, 

referring to the masonry : — 

" The average length of each stone is about 3!^ ft., its depth, nr 
thickness, i ft., and its width, 3 ft., that being the width of the wall, 
which consists of one course of stones only. These stones also, like the 
stones in the southern wall, are fitted together without mortar, and 
without smaller stones to fill up the interstices." 

Probably this wall had, originally, a parapet or breastwork 
of stones carried above its present level, affording protection 
to the besieged while they resisted the approaching enemy. 

Where nature had not provided continuous protection the 

builders piled stones to render the fort impregnable on all 

sides, devoting special care to the entrance way, which still 

retains enough original work to render it a remarkable example 

of early defensive methods. Sir Gardner Wilkinson says* : — 

" It is 7 ft. 2 ins. in breadth, and as the road ascending from the 
valley Iselow passed laetween the two curvilinear faces of the wall, which 
formed the entrance passage, an enemy advancing to force the gate 
was exposed to the missiles of the besieged on both sides ; while the 
portion of it to the west, projecting like a round tower, raked the face 
of the wall to right and left, and formed an advanced work over the 
ascent. ... In the approach by the ascending road, it may be 
observed that the assailants were brought up with their right or unshielded 
arm exposed to the missiles of the l)esieged, long ere they reached the 
gateway." 

There is no sign of water supply on the fortress, but there 
is some semblance to a small, ancient way at the eastern end 
which may have led to the water, at no great distance on 
that side, or the occupiers may have depended on stone cisterns 
to hold a sufficient supply for the occasional use of a camp 
of refuge, such as this may have been, an idea to which the 
presence of an old stone trough at the west end lends some 
colour.! 

There are strange cup, line and other markings on some 
stones on the summit, and a notable basin is so decorated 
that the hand of man seems evident, but modern studies have 

* Reliqitary, i, i860. 

t On the subject of temporary water supply, see article on Mam Tor in 
this Journal, xxiv., p. 29. 



CARL S WARK. I 79 

taught that all may be attributed to the action of frost and 

snow, and wind and rain. That the old antiquaries did not 

take this scientific view is evident from Havman Rooke's 

paper,* where he not only notes the wonderfully overhanging 

stone, weighing many tons, which still projects be3'ond the 

wall-like escarpment of the northern side of the fort, and is 

partly supported by small stones, artificially inserted, but goes 

on to see Druidical remains all around, till one imagines he 

regardeil the place as a sort of fortified temple of the Druids. 

He speaks of several rocking-stones, and after referring to the 

overhanging stone, says : — 

" On the top is a large rock bason 4 ft. 3 ins. in diameter, dose to 
which, on the south side, is an hollow cut like a chair, with a step to 
rest the feet upon. This, the country people say, has always been 
called Cair's chair ; from whence we may suppose this to have been a 
seat of justice, where the principal Druid sat, who being contiguous to 
the rock bason, might have recourse to appearances in the water, in 
doubtful ca.ses. It is natural therefore to imagine, from the many sacred 
erections, that this place must have been intended for holy uses, or a 
court of justice." 

We, of course, dismiss all notions of Druidic purposes and 
look upon Carl's Wark as a small fortress of a remote past, 
remarkable for the evidence it retains of the care which was 
exercised to render the place practically impregnable. As 
Mr. Pennington says : " The rampart, I should think, could 
hardly be improved on by modern engineers. . . . Thus every 
weak point is secured, and I know of no ancient fortress which 
so strongly conveys to the mind the ability in design, and the 
skill in execution of the long-forgotten people by whom this 
citadel was constructed." 

Geological Note. 
Both Carl's Wark and its neighbour, Higger Tor, are outliers 
from the main mass of the bed known geologically as the 
Third Millstone Grit. These isolated patches may be des- 
cribed as islands left when all the surrounding mass had been 
disintegrated by atmospheric action and gradually washed 
away. 

* Arch<Tologia, vii., ]i. 175. 



i8o 



CARL S WARK. 



The near-by escarpment — Burgage Rooks, with its con- 
tinuation to the north-west, known as Stanage Edge — represents 
the main body of the Grit and runs wall-like, from 20 to 50 
feet in height, for some four miles. The rocks there, similarly 
to those which form Carl's Wark, are jointed and split into 
sections, giving the cliffs much the appearance of artificial 
masonry on a Cyclopean or gigantic scale. The vast number 
of detached grit-stones which lie around is evidence of the 
former extension of the main mass over the present moorland. 
These loose blocks have been worked into millstones, but, to 
judge by the quantity r)f worked and partly worked stones 
lying in recent years on the moors a mile or more west of 
Carl's Wark, the industry has largely decayed. For much infor- 
mation on the geology of the district, see Memoirs of the 
Geological Survey, North Derbyshire, 1869, and 2nd edition, 
1887. 



i8i 



I3ufftcltf iTovest m tt)c Stxtcentt) ^tnturg. 



By the Hon. Frederick Strutt and 
the Rev. J. Charles Cox, LL.D., F.S.A.^ 




|,HE Forest of Duffield, though one of the smallest of 

England's royal forests, was of no mean extent, 

for its considerably reduced area at the beginning of 

Elizabeth's reign was contained within a circuit ot 

thirty miles. It was usually known as Duffield Frith ; frith being 

the old name for a forest, which still survives in this county 

in Chapel-en-le-Frith. 

The history of Duffield Frith has yet to be written ; nothing 
whatever has been printed on the subject save three pages in 
the Reliquary (April, 187 1), and a doggerel poem on the forest 
written by Anthony Bradshawe in 1588 and reproduced in the 
same quarterly magazine in 1882.! The materials, however, for 
such a history are bewildering in their amplitude. They are 
chiefly to be found in the great stores of the Duchy of Lancaster 
muniments at the Public Record Office ; but also among the 
Woolley MSS. of the British Museum, the Talbot papers at the 
College of Arms, the Shrewsbury papers at Lambeth Library, as 
well as among various private manuscript collections. 

All that it is proposed to do in the present article is to give 
some of the surveys and other documents that treat of the 
extent and condition of the Frith in the reigns of Henry VHL 

* The two niemljers of the Society who contribute this article have long 
had the intention of bringing out a liistory of the great parish of DuHield, 
and have made considerable collections with that object. The materials are 
almost overwhelming and so much work is involved before such a project 
could be brought to a successful issue, that it is thought well to give in this 
fotiriial some of the hitherto unpublished matter relative to Duffield Finest. 

t .See, however, the various references to Duffield and to Anthony Bradshawe, 
in this vol. — Ed. 



1 82 DUFFIELD FOKEST IN THE SIXTEENTH CENTURY. 

and Elizabeth, with a few introductory remarks, reserving for 
some future occasion both the earlier and later history. It is 
also hoped that a map of this forest will be supplied, with a 
subsequent article, on which the exact positions of the various 
parks and other important sites within its limits may be 
marked. 

In writing of this or any other forest district of England, it 
is well to recollect that the term never implied, in medieval 
English history, a mere tree-clad extent of country ; it meant 
a certain defined area, reserved in the main for the purposes of 
the chase. Old Manwood, in his Forest Laws, thus defines it : — 
" A forest is a certain territory of woody grounds and fruitful 
pasture, priviledged for wild beasts and fowls of forest chase and 
warren to rest and abide in the safe protection of the king, for 
his princely delight and pleasure ; which territory of ground so 
priviledged is meered and bounded with unremoveable marks, 
meers, and boundaries ; and also replenisht with wild beasts of 
venery or chase, and with great coverts of vert, for the succor 
of the said wild beasts to have their abode in ; for the preser- 
vation and continuance of which said place, together with the 
vert and venison, there are certain particular laws, priviledges, 
and officers belonging only to the same." 

The manor and forest of Duffield were assigned to the great 
family of Ferrers after the Conquest, and remained with them 
until their rebellion in the time of Henry III., when their vast 
estates were confiscated in 1266. Duffield Frith was then 
granted by Henry to his third son, Edward, Earl of Lancaster. 
It continued in the Duchy of Lancaster until the days of 
Charles I., having come into the immediate hands of the crown 
in 1399, when Henry, Duke of Lancaster, became king. 

The particularly interesting nature of the early account rolls 
of this portion of the Duchy of Lancaster, which was a member 
of the Honor of Tutbury, will become apparent when two or 
three facts are taken from a single one (jf these altogether unex- 
jjlored contributions to Derbyshire history, namely, the roll from 
Michaelmas, 1314, to Michaelmas, 1315. From this document 



DUFFIELU FOREST IN THE SIXTEENTH CENTURY. lb'3 

it becomes apparent that there was a great larder at Belper, 
where the venison of the deer killed off for winter stores about 
Martinmas was salted down, ^2 2s. 8d. being paid that year 
for salt ; that there was a great cow-house {domus vaccaria) in 
the lower part of Shottle, by the Ecclesburn, at the place still 
called Cowhouse Lane, and two much smaller cow-houses at 
Belper and Postern ; that a dairy was associated with the great 
cow-house where the cattle were stalled during the winter, and 
that the milk of eighty-eight cows realised ;Qyo is. 3d. in the 
year ; that the sheep were milked, but that the profits from 
that source, as they were few in number, were added to the 
accounts of Hartington in North Derbyshire, another member 
of the Duchy, where there was a large sheep walk ; that ninety- 
six does and twenty-five bucks were killed that year, of which 
number thirty-one does and one buck were salted down at 
Belper ; that sixteen large oaks and six smaller ones were 
felled by special order of the Earl of Lancaster ; that the names 
of all those to whom timber or venison was sent are entered ; 
that the Earl's residence (and .subsequent royal shooting 
box) was at Ravensdale, and not at Belper, as hitherto 
universally stated ; that much building or re-building was 
then in progress at the great house, for 7s. 6d. was paid 
for 1,300 roofing shingles and for 200 rafters, and i6s. 
for glazing the windows of the chapel, with lod. for iron bars 
for the same, together with 30s. for pales to enclose a small park 
round the mansion (mancellus) ; and that the road between the 
parks of Shottle and Postern was repaired for the carriage of 
coal to the lord's forge. 

One instance may be quoted of a visit of the Duke of Lan- 
caster to his Ravensdale residence. He was there in August, 
1375, and issued therefrom several warrants, including one to 
the Master Forester of Duffield Frith to deliver two oaks to the 
Carmelite Friars of Nottingham, and thirty oaks to the Domini- 
can Friars of Derby, for building purposes. The same oflficial 
was also instructed to permit the Abijot of Darlev to take some 
dead wood for fuel out of the woods of the chase. 



184 DUFFIELD FOREST IN THE SIXTEENTH CENTURY. 

In 141 1 a warrant was issued to the Master Forester to deliver 
to the tenants of Duffield sufficient wood for the rebuilding of 
their bridge over the Derwent. This and other entries relative 
to wood for river bridges does not necessarily imply that they 
v.ere w'ooden bridges, but rather that the timber was used for 
piles, and for frames and supports during their repair or re- 
construction in stone. 

By the time that that great sportsman Henry VIII. came to 
the throne, the stock of deer in Duffield Frith had materially 
diminished. During the fifteenth century, there were constant 
proceedings against the tenants and neighbours in good positions 
for taking the king's deer in this forest. Nevertheless they 
remained in large numbers at the Wirksworth end of the forest, 
especially in the parks of Ashleyhay and Alderwasley. That 
they were still fairly abundant in 1541 is clear from a letter that 
the Earl of Shrewsbury, the Chief Forester, wrote to the Earl of 
Southampton on July 6th, hoping that the king, at his coming 
to Nottingham, would visit his poor house at Wynfeld (Wingfield 
Manor House) and hunt in Duffield Frith. But before the end 
of the month the Earl was dead. 

In 1540 a special commission was appointed, under the direc- 
tion of Sir George Gresley, to take evidence and report by jury 
as to the waste of wood in this forest during the three previous 
years. The following is their report in extcnso* : — 

D. S. Rentals and Surveys — . 

The presentement of the Jurye in Duffild ffrith within the 
County of Derby taken at Duffild Towne on Saynt Lucke day 
anno Regni Regis Henrici viij the xxxij before Sir George 
Greyseley knyght Roger Wigston Mathew Knifton Rouland 
Babyngton esquiers And William Wigston and John Hercoin 
gentlemen as consernyng wastes of woods don within the said 
ffrith and parkes by the Kepers ffosters and other officers within 
the space of iij yeres past as herafter more playnly appereth 
presentyd by John Ball Thomas Bradshawe Thomas Chawner 

* Duchy of Lancaster, Rentals and Surveys ^. 



DUFFIELD FOREST IN THE SIXTEENTH CENTURY. 1 85 

John Blysworth Robert Sowter Thomas Odame John Jonson 
J(jhn Eggington John Chetham GefFeraye Spendelowe James 
Wilkynson Robert Asshemoore Robert Strete Richard Dole 
John Xorman H(jmfraye Webster John Milnes Thomas Mellors 
Thomas Starer ( ?) WilUam Dave Thomas Wylkocson Thomas 
Brew . . . Thomas Blake John Orchard Robert Harrison 
Hugh Milnes John Wyllett Thomas Smythe Thomas Blount 
John ffletchar Richard Wernay John Spenser and Robert 
ffletcher Sworne. 

The Parke of Shettell. 

Sir John Hiron Knight Chefe Keper Robert a Wodd William 
I'arker and George Brockshawe his depute Kepers ther. 
Inprimis the said Jurye present to be ffallen within the saide 
parke of Shettell within the space of iij yeres by the 

kepers vj trees. 

Item ffallen more by theym ... ... ... xv Rampickes*. 

Item ffelled more by them ... ... xxiiij loodes of wode. 

Sum of trees and loades of wodde felled in Shettell 
parke ... ... ... ... xlv loades & trees. 

MORLEY 1'arke. 

My Lorde ffrainces Erie of Shrewe.sbery Chef Keper an(.l 
Thomas Doughty deputie. 

The said Jurye present to be ffallen ther by the Kepers vj trees. 
Item ffallen more by the .said Kepers ... ... xiij Rennelles.t 

Sum of trees felled ther ... ... ... ... xix trees. 

Belper parke and wood William Cokkes keper. The said 
Jur)e present to be ffallen within the parke of Belpere to the 
kepers own use viij trees. Item more ffelled within the said 
parke for hymself and his deputie called ffe trees vj trees. Item 
felled more within the warde of Belpere to the kepers own vse 
xxxviij trees. Item ffelled more in Rampickes in the said 

* A ram-picked or stag-headed tree was an old overgrown oak, having 
the stumps of boughs standing out on the top. 

t Keniiaks or Rundles (variously spelt) was a name for hollow pollard 
trees. 



1 86 DUFFIELU FOREST IN THE SIXTEENTH CENTURY. 

Warde xiiij trees. Item ffelled more ther An Asshe and an Elme 
ij trees. Item ffelled more within the saide warde of vnderrwood 
xxxiiij loades. Item ffelled more ther by Christofer Chettam 
viij trees. 

Sum of all the Loades of wodds and trees solde out of Belpere 
parke and warde v'"' x loodes. 

DUFFILD WOODE. 

Rauffe Brockshawe ffoster of ffee. The saide Jurye present tcj 
be ffelled within the said warde by the said Rauff xxx loodes of 
wodd. Item ffelled more by the said of Crepping wodde xxxv 
loodes. Jamys Else claymithe yerely ffee wodde whiche has 
ffelled within the said wodde for iij yeres past xlvj loades. My 
Ladye Minors clamyd yerely ffee woode within the said warde 
which ffelled for oon yere xxx loodes. Thomas Jonson clamythe 
ffee wodde within the said warde which ffelled for iij yeres past 
xviij loodes. Ellen Brockshawe claymithe also ffee wodde within 
the said warde, which ffelled for iij yeres past xxx loodes. 

Sum of all the loodes of woodde solde and ffelled out of 
Duffild woode ix'" ix loodes. 

PosTERNE Parke. 

Harry Brockshawe Keper. The said Jurye present ffelled ther 
by my Ladye Mynors C(jmmaundement nowe beying- dede 
for the reparation of the King's fferme within the said parke 
of Posteme called the Cowe house ... ... xiiij trees. 

HoLLOND Woode. 

William Camyll keper. The said Jurye present ffelled within 
the said warde of Holland by my Ladye Minors in her tyme 
which she clamyd as ffee wodde for her ffuell for iij years 
past ... ... ... ... ... ... Ivij loades. 

The same Jurye present ffelled within the said warde by Mr. 
Humfrey Bradburne oon of the ffosters of ffee for iij 
yeres ffuell ... ... ... . . ... .xv** loodes. 

The said Jurye present ffelled within the said woode of Hollond 
by Mr. John Knyfton oon of the ffosters of ffee for iij yeres 
ffuell vij^'' loades. 



DUFFIELD FOREST IN THE SIXTEENTH CENTURY. 187 

I'he said Jiirye present felled within the saide w<jode by the said 
keper William Gamyll ... ... ... xviij loades. 

The said Jiirye present ffelled within the said warde of Crepping 
woode which the Kinges tenantes clayme of Custome yerely 
for ther ffuell and cattaill ... ... ... xj" loades. 

Sum of all the ioodes of wodde ffelled within Holland warde 
for iij yeres past ... ... . . vij'' xv Ioodes. 

Sum total of all the woodes ffelled by the kepers and other 
officers within Duffeld ffrith for iij yeres past that we 
can have knowledge of ... ... M' xxxij trees and 

loades of wood. 
George Greysley knight. 
Roger Wigston. 
Mathew Knyfton. 
^ Roland Babyngtun. 

William Wigston. 
John Harwar. 
A viewe taken by the said Commissioners within the said 
parke and wardes of Duffeld what wodde may be solde to the 
King's most graciouse proffitt. 

ShETTELL PARKE. 

The said parke of Shettell extendithe in compas vij miles 
wherein is no tymber nor yett other wodde but oonly Thornes 
olde Rennelles and Rampickes wherfor as we thincke ther may 
be non solde. 

POSTERNE PARKE. 

The said parke nf Posterne extendithe in Compase iij niyles 
wherin ther is moche ffayre wodde as oke and ashe And we 
thincke ther maye be .spared and solde to the Kinges proffitt 
specially of Asshe and some oke of Crepping wodde to the 
value of XX merkes. 

Maunsyll parke. 

The said parke of Maunsill extendithe in cumpase iij miles 
And standithe all by hollyes and hassill wherin we thincke ther 
maye be spared and solde to the King's proffitt xx nobles. 



1 88 DUFFIELD FOREST IN THE SIXTEENTH CENTURY. 

MORLEY PARKE. 

The said parke of Morley extendithe in compase by estimaciun 
iij myles wherin is moche fayre tymber wodde of okke And 
ther niaye be solde to the King's profifitt xx merkes or xx''. 

BeLPERE PARKE. 

The said parke of Belpere extendith in Cumpase A myle and 
standith all by Birche wher as maye be made to the Kings most 
profftt v'' or vj''. 

RaUNSDAYLE PARKE. 

The said parke of Raunsdayle extendith in compase iij myles 
wherin is non other wodde but olde Rennylles and Rampickes 
and oilers* w^hereof we thincke ther may be solde of the sande 
ther to make in money a v'' or vj''. 

Mathew Knyfton. 

Roland Babyngton. 

William Wigston. 



In 1560 an elaborate Survey was taken of all the wood and 
underwood of the Honor of Tutbur)-, within the counties of 
Stafford and Derby. This Survey of Duffield P'rith is of much 
interest as showing the nature and extent of the timber. f The 
large trees were entirely oak; there is just a single mention of 
an oak and an elm. The underwood included white thorn, 
black thorn, hazel, holly, maple, crab-tree, alder, and birch. 
The totals of the forest timber, if correctly described at so many 
per acre, work out to the large amount of 111,968 trees; of 
which 59,412 were large oaks, 32,820 small oaks, and 19,736 
oaks in more or less state of decay, and only suitable for fuel. 

* " Oiler " or Aller was an old variant in spelling for Alder. 

t This return is a reproduction of a copy in the possession of Lord 
Scarsdale, kindly lent to Mr. Strutt. It was taken from the original in the 
Public Record Oftice in 1882 by the late Mr. Bland of Uuflield, by whom 
it was "written out as read by one of the transcribers there." From the 
spelling it is clearly not an exact copy, but we suppose the main points and 
figures are reliable. It was at that time numbered "Duchy of Lancaster, 
class xix, No. 8." The Duchy documents have since been rearranged on 
a much lietter plan. Considerable search, aided by authorities, has l)een 
made to find the original for purposes of collation, but all in vain ; in the 
rearrangement it has got mislaid. 



DUFFIELD FOREST IN THE SIXTEENTH CENTURY. 1 89 

DuFFELDE Frith. 

The following are the particulars : — 

First, the said frith containeth in cirruit by estimation 
30 miles, and it is divided into 4 small Wardes, i.e., Duffelde 
Warde, Colhroke Warde, Beaurepa Warde, and HoUande Warde ; 
and amongst the said wardes ther are sundry Partes, as partiru- 
larly appeareth hereafter. 

I. — DuFFELDE Warde. 

Also there is one warde called Duffelde Warde within the said 
Duffelde Frith wherein is one woode named — - 

(a) Chcvcn hatickc containing 90 acres slenderly set with small 
holly, hazel, whitethorne, and hlackthorne of an old growth and 
of evil wax, for it is common to divers towns adjoining to the 
said wood. It is so eaten and kept down by cattle that it is very 
little worth, and there groweth in every acre 30 old oakes for 
building timber, and 12 oakes of a younger sort for building 
timber and 6 dottard* oakes for fire wood. 

{b) T)cpedale.\ — Also there is in the said Warde one wood 
called Depedale, containing 70 acres slenderly set with small 
holly, hazel, whitethorne and blackthorne, of the age aforesaid 
and there groweth in every acre 40 old oakes for building timber, 
and 8 oakes of a younger sort and 4 dottard oakes. 

(c) Holme. — Also there is in the said Warde called the Holme 
containing by estimation 46 acres slenderly set with hazel, holly, 
whitethorne, and blackthorne of the age aforesaid, and there 
groweth in every acre 60 small oakes for building timber. 

{d) Hameley batik. — Also there is in the said Warde one wood 
called Hameley bank, containing by estimation 76 acres, set with 
holly, hazel, whitethorne, and blackthorne, and there groweth 
in every acre 36 oakes and 14 dottard oakes. 

(c) Brunlrcholme. — Also there is in the said warde another 
wood called Bruntreholme, containing by estimation 220 acres, 
set with holly, hazel, maple, whitethorne and blackthorne, and 
there groweth in every acre 40 oakes and 6 dottard oakes. 



* Dottard or dotard was a term applied to trees beginning to decay, 
t Depedale, a steep declivity or narrow valley in the present parish of 
Hazelwood, now known as the "Depths of Lum." 



IQO DUFFIELD FOREST IN THE SIXTEENTH CENTURY. 

(/) Rcvdchaiick — Also there is in the same warde one wood 
called Reydthanck. containing by estimation 92 acres, set with 
hazel, holly, whitethorne, and Markthorne. and there groweth 
in even,' acre 24 oakes. 

ig) CoUeumyes. — Als(.) there is in the same warde one wood 
called CoUewayes, containing by estimation 60 acres, set with 
hazel, holly, crabtree, and whitethorne, and there grnweth in 
every acre 36 oakes and 6 dottard oakes. 

(//) Oii'kcrliiU . — Also there is in the same Warde one wood 
called Owkerhill, containing by estimation 38 acres, set with 
holly, hazel, maple, and crabtree, and there groweth in every 
acre 24 oakes and 6 of a smaller sort, and 6 dottard oakes. 

(/) Wollens Cliff. — Also there is in the same Warde one other 
wood called Wollens Cliff, containing by estimation 120 acres 
set with hazel, holly, whitethorne, crabtree, and blackthorne, 
and there groweth in everj' acre 44 oakes and 6 dottarcl oakes. 

(y) Stanley Wey. — Also there is in the same Warde one other 
wood called Stanley Wey, containing by estimation 95 acres, set 
with small holly, and there are 160 fair old oakes, 80 oakes of a 
smaller sort, and 40 dottard oakes. 

{k) The Tnrnditchc. — Also there is in the same Warde one 
other wood called the Turnditche. containing by estimation 24 
acres, set with hazel, holly, whitethorne, and blackthorne, and 
there groweth 20 oakes in every acre. 

Also the rest of the said Warde is slenderly set abroad with 
small crooked oakes, holly, whitethorne, and blackthorne, all for 
tynsell and hedgebote.* 

And there groweth abroad in the said Warde 3,000 small 
oakes for building timber, and 1,700 dottard or decayed oakes 
for firewood. 

Also the said Warde is platted with many laundes and plaines 
wheieon groweth no timber nor underwood. 

Also there is in the said Warde 16 acres lying abroad in diverse 
places in the said warde, in some place 2 acres, in some other 

* "Tynsell" was an old term for small firewood suitable for ovens. 
" Hedgelx)te " or haytwjte was a right to cut wood for the repair or making 
of hedges. 



DUFFIELD FOREST IN THE SIXTEENTH CENTURY. 191 

place 3 arres, and in some other place 6 arras, and in some other 
place 5 acres well set with yoiin;^ oilers, some of 3 vears' j^rowth 
and some of 4 years" ii;rowth, lately sold in the time of King 
Philip and Mary. 

i\Ictiiora>iJiivi. — The underwood in the same Warde is very 
thin, and evil thriven, and not like to amend. 

Also there goeth yearly for trees out of the said Warde to 
divers persons whose names particularly follow : — 

{a) To Thomas Ireton, bow-bearer of the aforesaid frith under 
the Earl of Shrewsbury, one tree. 

{h) To Richard Holland, ranger of the same under Thomas 
Cocker, one tree. 

(c) To Rauffe Brokesbye, keeper of the warde, one tree. 

Also there is in the same Warde one tenement in the tenure 
of Thomas Wynson, called the Bromefeld, and there groweth in 
the same 80 small oakes for building timber. 

II. — Postern Parke. 

There is in the said Warde one parke called Postern parke, 
containing 3 miles about, and there is in one part of the said 
park a place called 

(rt) Cmvhousc park, containing 14 acres well set with under- 
wood, as hazel, oiler, whitethorne, and blackthorne, and some 
crabtrees of the age of 16 years, and there groweth in every acre 
16 oakes for building timber, and to oakes for firewood. 

{b) Also Foxholes batik containeth 10 acres, slenderly set with 
small hazel, whitethorne and oiler of the age of 12 years, and 
there groweth 6 oakes and 10 dottard oakes in each acre. 

(c) Also the Hill containeth 6 acres, and there groweth 8 small 
oakes and 1 2 dottard oakes in every acre. 

{(I) Also Welhole containeth 4 acres, and there groweth 16 
small oakes and 8 dottard oakes in every acre. 

(f) Also TiiUa-tofpc containeth 7 acres, set with hazel and 
whitethorne of 16 years" groweth, and ther are 5 oakes in each 
acre. 



t92 DUFFIELD FOREST IN THE SIXTEENTH CENTURY. 

Also there groweth in the said Park abroad 80 small oakes for 
building timber and pale, and 220 old dottard oakes for firewood. 

Also there groweth in the Ring of the said parke 30 old oakes 
and 54 dottard oakes for firewood. 

Thomas Wynston Esquire is farmer there. 

IMcmorandiim. — That ail such fee trees as have been accus- 
tomed to be taken out of the said park are now stayed. 

III. COLEBROKE WaRD. 

No wood of any value in this Warde, for that most part of 
the said wood did grow in a place called Alderwasley, which was 
given to Edward Lowe, Esquire, and to his heirs in fee farm 
yielding the rent accustomed.* 

TV. — Shothell Park is 7 miles about, and there is in the 

((/) TLast End of the said parke one place called Herkeninge 
place, and in the same there groweth a few small bush thorns 
and 38 small dottard oakes for firewood. Also in the 

{b) West End of the said park a few small thorns of little value 
and 80 dottard oakes. Also in the 

{c) South Part there are 30 acres, slenderly set with small 
brushwood, whitethorne, blackthorne, and briars of an old 
growth, and of small value, and 90 dottard oaks. Also in the 

{d) North Part there are 4 acres, slenderly set as above, and 
28 small old dottard oakes. 

Also there groweth abroad in the said Park 160 dottard oakes 
for firewood. Also 8 acres well set with young oiler of 4 years' 
growth, which was sold by commission. 

Also there groweth in the Ringt of the said Park and near unto 
the Pale,t 40 fair old oakes for building timber, 20 oakes of a 
small sort, and 24 dottard oakes, and 44 fair old oakes for build- 
ing timber. 

Thomas Wynston Esquire is farmer there. 

* The manor of Alderwasley, a parcel of the Duchy of Lancaster and 
a member of Duffield Frith, was given by Henry VIII. to Anthony Lowe, 
his standard-bearer. He died in 1555, and was succeeded Ijy his second 
son and heir, Edward Lowe. 

t The Ring was probalily a small inner enclosure within the Pale of the 
whole Park. 



DUFFIELD FOREST IN THE SIXTEENTH CENTURY. 1 93 

V. — Beaureper Warde. 
In Beaureper Warde there is one wood called 
(a) Swinney Wood, adjoining to Beaureper town, containing 
114 acres, slenderly set with holly, birch, hazel, maple, white- 
thorne, and blackthorne of an old growth and evil thriven, for 
that all the said wood is common to divers towns adjoining. 
The said wood is kept down with eating of cattle. There 
groweth in every acre 40 small oakes for building timber, and 
8 dottard oakes for firewood. The said wood standeth in such 
cragges that it is evil to be gotten from thence where it 
groweth. Also 

{h) Elcscgg, containing 20 acres set with birch, holly, hazel, 
and whitethorne, and there groweth in every acre 30 oakes and 
6 dottard oakes. Also 

(t) Auothcr Wood, adjoining to the lands of Edward Firth, 
containing 24 acres, .set with birch, holly, hazel, and whitethorne, 
and there groweth 46 oakes and 6 dottard oakes in every acre. 
Also 

(d) Another Wood, in the East end, near to the Barr Gate, 
containing 64 acres, set with holly, birch, hazel, and whitethorne, 
and there groweth 24 old oakes and lo oakes of a younger sort 
in every acre. Also 

(c) Hollitig cliff e, containing no acres set with hazel and 
whitethorne. And there groweth 36 small oakes and 8 dottard 
oakes in every acre. 

(/) Also WhUemorc, containing 16 acres set with birch, holly, 
hazel, and crabtree ; and there groweth 24 old oakes and 14 
dottard oakes in every acre. 

{g) Also Marly hole, containing 68 acres set with birch, hazel, 
and whitethorne; and there are 20 old oakes, 14 of a younger 
sort, and 4 dottard oakes in every acre. 

(//) Also Zr^j'^«/^, containing 256 acres, .set with birch, holly, 
hazel, and crabtree ; and there are 34 oakes and 8 dottard oakes 
in ever)' acre. 
13 



194 DUFFIELD FOREST IN THE SIXTEENTH CENTURY. 

(/) Also a JVooJ adjoining to Heighedge, containing 7 acres 
well set with oiler, sold by commission. There are 16 small 
crooked oakes in every acre. 

{k) Also another Wond adjoining to the said oilers, contain- 
ing 90 acres, set with birch, hazel, whitethorne, and blackthorr.e. 
There are 38 small oakes and 4 dottard oakes in every acre. 

Also rest of the said Warde is slenderly set abroad with 
crooked oakes, whitethorne, and small holly, and blackthorne ; 
all for tynsell. 

And there groweth abroad in the saide Warde 4,000 small 
oakes for building timber, and 658 dottard and decayed oakes for 
firewood. 

Also the said Warde is platted with many laundes and plaines, 
whereon groweth no timber nor underwood. 

Fee Trees. — Also there goeth of the warde divers fee-trees, 
viz. : — 

(a) To Thomas Ireton, deputy bow-bearer of the said Frith — 
one tree. 

(V) To the said Thomas for keeping the Queen's axe — one 
tree. 

(t-) To Richard Holland, deputy ranger of the said Frith — one 
tree. 

{d) To Thomas Brokesbey, keeper of the said Warde — one 
tree. 

{e) To John Greye, his deputy — one tree. 

VI. — Beaureper Park, containing one mile about, and there 
is next adjoining to Beaureper town 12 acres, very slenderly set 
with old birch, and some hazel of 50 years' growth, and 4 small 
dottard oakes. 

Also there is in the midst of the said Park one fair old oak 
with a large top for building timber, and it is called the Raven 
Oak. 

Also the rest of the said Park is overgrown with small" thorns 
and briars for tynsell. 

Also there groweth in the Ring of the said Park 6 small oakes 
for building timber, and 4 small dottard oakes for firewood. 

Thomas Broke.sbey is deputy keeper there to Thomas Cockes. 



DUFFIELD FOREST IN THE SIXTEENTH CENTURY. 1 95 

VII. — MoRLEY Park containeth 3 miles alwut, and there is 
one wood in the East end called 

(V?) The Hyrnc, containing 20 acres very slent'.erly set with 
small vvhitethorne and blackthorne for tynsell of 20 years' growth, 
and 30 old oakes fair and large in every acre, and 1 2 fair young 
cakes, and 16 old dottard oakes. 

{h) Also the High Edge containing 48 acres, with whitethorne, 
blackthorne, crabtree, and holly for tynsell. There are 16 fair 
and large oakes, 8 young oakes, and 46 dottard oakes. 

(c) Also in the North End one wood containing 34 acre.s, set 
with small hazel, whitethorne and blackthorne. There are 10 
fair oakes, 6 young oakes, and 26 dottard oakes in ever)' acre. 

{d) Also the Oiler Carr containing 6 acres, well set with 
young oilers and old by commission. 

Also there groweth in the Ring of the .said Park 54 fair old 
oakes and 6 dottard oakes. 

Also there groweth in the Park the fairest timber for any 
building that is within all DuflSeld Frith. 

Thomas Eytun is deputy keeper to John Poole. 

Fee Trees. — Also there goeth of the said park yearly fee trees, 
viz. : — 

{a) To Thomas Ireton, deputy bow-bearer, one tree. 

{b) To said Thomas having the custody of the Queens Axe — 
one tree. 

((") To Thomas Eyton, deputy to John Poole, one tree. 

VIII. — Bradley Leynes. 

Also there is in the same warde of Beaureper one tenement 
called Bradley Leynes, in the tenure of Henry Sacheveril, 
Esquire, and in the same there is 8 acres indifferently set with 
hazel, whitethorne, and blackthorne of the age of ten years' 
growth, and in the same there groweth 18 small oakes for build- 
ing timber. 

IX. — Hollande Warde. 

There is in the same warde one wood called 

(a) Tivyforthefield, in the tenure of John Rospere, containing 



196 DUFFIELD FOREST IN THE SIXTEENTH CENTURY. 

14 acres set with small blackthorne and briars for tynsell, and 
there groweth in every acre 24 fair old oakes for building timber, 
and in the said wood there groweth 30 small dottard oakes for 
firewood. 

{b) Also Ircion Srdc containing 42 acres set with holly, hazel, 
whitethorne, and blackthorne; and for that it is common to 
divers towns, it is eaten with cattle, and there groweth in every 
acre 26 old oakes, and 20 young oakes, and 8 dottard oakes. 

(c) Also Biiltrdcy Can- containing 30 acres well set with young 
holly and 30 small saplings. 

{d) Also Black Can- containing t^i acres well set with holly, 
and 16 small oakes in the same. 

[e) Also a IJ'ood adjoining to Butterley plain containing 160 
acres set with hazel, birch, and whitethorne, common to divers 
towns and kept down with cattle. There groweth 40 oakes and 
8 dottard oakes in every acre. 

(/) Also Thick of Butterley, containing 230 acres set with small 
holly, birch hazel, and whitethorne. There are 30 oakes and 
8 dottard oakes in every acre. 

{g) Also W atcr Banck, containing 80 acres set with small holly, 
hazel, and whitethorne ; and in every acre there are 26 oakes and 
10 dottard oakes. 

(//) Also Redyniyre, containing 160 acres set with small holly, 
birch, hazel, and whitethorne. In every acre there are 34 small 
saplings, and in the said wood 1 20 dottard oaks. 

(/) Also Shonghtonsyde, containing 34 acres, and set with 
hazel, holly, birch, whitethorne, and blackthorne. In ever)' acre 
are 26 oakes and 10 dottard oakes. 

(k) Also one Wood adjoining Showtonsyde, containing 80 acres, 
and set with birch, holly, hazel, and crabtree. In every acre 
there are 16 oakes and 8 dottard oakes. 

Also rest of the said Warde is slenderly set abroad in divers 
places with small crooked oakes, whitethorne, small holly and 
blackthorne, all for tynsell. And there groweth abroad in the 
said Warde 4,000 small oakes for timber, and 800 dottard oakes. 



DUFFIELD FOREST IN THE SIXTEENTH CENTURY. 1 97 

Also the said Warde is platted with many loundes" and plaines 
wherein groweth no timber nor underwood. 

Fee Trees (a) To John Ireton, deputy bow-bearer, one tree. 

(i?) To Francis Curzon, ranger of the Frith, one tree. 

(e) To the keeper of the Warde, one tree. 

Memoraiidiiin. — Sir Humphrey Bradburne, knight, is one of 
the foresters in fee, and John Toplyffe is his deputy, and claimeth 
to have in the same ward firewood for his house, but he taketh 
none and is quietly so content. 

Thomas Knyfton, Esquire, is another forester in fee, and he 
taketh firewood in his own hand and delivery for his house, and 
timber likewise. 

X. — Ravensdale Park containeth 3 miles about. 

{a) In the IV est E)id there is a wood containing 12 acres well 
set with young oiler of 4 years" growth, lately sold to the use 
of King Philip and Mary. 

{b) The Rest of tJie Park is very slenderly set about with holly 
and some whitethorne, and there groweth abroad in the said 
Park 130 small dottard oakes for firewood. 

Also in the Ring there are 12 old oakes for building timber 
or pale, and 12 old dottard oakes. 

Fee Trees (a) To Thomas Ireton, deputy bow-keeper, one tree. 

{I?) To the said Thomas who keepeth the axe, one tree. 

(t) To Richard Holland, deputy ranger, one tree. 

(d) To the Deputy Keeper there, one tree. 

Sir Thomas Cokayne, knt., is the keeper there. 

XI. — Marnshull Park containeth two miles about very well 
set with fair large Hollynge (holly) almost throughout, and 
there groweth abroad 210 old dottard oakes. 

Also in the Ring there are 16 small oakes for timber, and 24 
dottard oakes. 

Also on a Little Hill there are 1 2 old oakes decayed, but they 
bear fair tops. 



* Lounile, or Launde, was the term for a patdi or parcel of unploughcd land 
clear of trees, in the midst of a wood or forest. It is still occasionally used, 
e.g., Belper Laund, and it survives in several field names on old township 
maps of the Duffield district. 



190 DUFFIELD FOREST IN THE SIXTEENTH CENTURY. 

Sir William Sayntluwe Kniyht is keeper there. 

Fee Trees (a) To Thomas Ireton, deputy bow-bearer, one tree. 

(b) To Richard Holland, deputy ranger, one tree. 

(c) To the deputy-keeper, one tree. 

It seems possible, however, that there is some miscalculation 
in the number of the timber trees, for another briefer Survey, 
though it omits a considerable section of the Frith as given 
in the 1560 survey, produces such much smaller totals. 
Otherwise there must have been a most extraordinary waste 
of timber in the course of a quarter of a century. This latter 
survey, which follows, is of interest inasmuch as it gives the 
money value of all the wor)d, and also from the difference of 
nomenclature. Only 2,764 large oaks and 3,032 small oaks 
are mentioned. The total value of the whole wood of the 
Frith was somewhat under ^^2,000, according to this return : — * 

Com. Derbie. The foreste or chace of Duffield frithe ys 
divided into three wardes viz Imprimis Duffield Warde alias 
Chevine which lyethe in parishe of Duffield in the countie of 
Derbie aforesaid it conteynethe in compasse 4 myles there 
groweth within thys ward of tymber trees — 1040 everie tree 
worthe one with another — 10* — which amounteth to the some of 
—520". 

There groweth also within ihys ward of pollingers or younge 
timber poles — 440 everie pollinger worthe one with another — 5^ — 
which amounteth to the some of iio". 

There groweth also within thys ward of stubbed trees — 97 
everie stubb worthe one with another — 2^ — which amountethe to 
the some of— 9" I4^ 

There is grow^inge also within this ward underwoodes of hasell 
hawthorne birche older and hollies to the quantitie of 60 acres 
which have not bine used to be incopized nor any sale to be 
made therof everie acre worth to be sould 20^ which amounteth 
to the some of 60''. 



* D. L. Misc. Books, 114, pp. 63-3. 



DUFFIKLD FOREST IN THE MXTEE.NTH CENTURY. lyy 

Bromefeilde. 

A pasture inseparable lying within Chevine. 

Bromefeild ys a pasture inseparable lying within the said 
warde. There groweth herein of timber trees-40-every timber 
tree worth one with another 6^ 8^ which amounteth to the some 
of 13'' 6^ S"*. 

There ys also growinge in Brumefield of pollengers or youn-^e 
timber poles-80-^verie poienger worth one with another 3^ 4^ 
which amounteth tu the some of 13" 6^ S^. 

Holland Warde. 

Item Holland Warde which lyeth in the parishe of Duffild 
in the said Countie it conteynithin compasse-6— myles There 
growethe within this warde of timber trees-480-everie tree 
worth one with another 6^ which amounteth to the some of 144" 

There groweth also within thys warde of pollengers or voun^e 
timber poles-i74o, everie pollenger worth one with another ts 
which amounteth to the some of 261". 

There groweth also within Holland Warde of stubbed trees- 
300-everie stubb worth one with another 2^ which amounteth to 
the some of — 30''. 

There is also growinge within thys warde vnder«^oodes of 
hasell hawthorne hollies &c. in severall places of the warde to the 
quant.tie of 40 acres everie acre worth to be .sould .0^ which 
have not bine used to be incopized nor anv sale therof to be 
made and they amounte to the some of 40''. 

There ys also growinge within thys ward underwoodes of older 
to the quantitie of 40 acres which have bine heretofore sould and 
are nowe of the growth of eighteene yeares everie acre worth 
to be soul 20^ which amountith to the some of 40" 

TWYFORDFEILD. 

A pasture inseparible lying in Holland Warde Twvfordfield is 
a pasture inseparible lying within the said warde contevning 60 
acre.s^ 1 here is growing herein of timber trees 400 everie tree 
worth one with another 5^ which amounteth to the some of 100- 



200 DUFFIELD FOREST IN THE SIXTEENTH CENTURY. 

There groweth also in Twyfordfield of pollengers or younge 
timber poles 200 everie pollenger worth one with another 2* 6'^ 
which amounteth to the some of 25''. 

There groweth also in Twyfordfeild of stubbed trees 200 everie 
stubb worth one with another — 2^ which amounteth to the sum 
of — 20''. 

There ys also growing in Twyfordfield of underwoodes of 
hasell hawthorne &c. to the quantitie of 4 acres everie acre worth 
to be sould — 6* 8"^ which have not bine used to be incopized nor 
any sale therof to be made and they amounte to the some of 

There ys also growinge in Twyfordfield vnderwoodes of older 
to the quantitie of 4 acres which have bine heretofore sould 
and are nowe of eighteen yeares growth everie acre worth to 
be sould 10^ which amounteth to the some of 2''. 

Belpar Warde. 

Item Belpar Ward which lyeth in the parishe of Duffeild in 
the said Countie yt conteyneth in compasse — 5 myles and a halfe. 
There groweth within this warde of timber trees 584 everie 
tree worth one with another 5^ which amounteth to the some of 
146". 

There groweth also in thys ward of pollengers or yonge tymber 
poles 452 everie pollenger worth one with another 2* 6'^ which 
amounteth to the some of 56'' 10^. 

There groweth also within Belpar warde of stubbed trees 405 
everie stubb worth one with another — -2^ which amounteth to the 
some of 40'' lo'* 

There is also growing within thys ward on a bancke called 
Swynney on a bancke called Dunge and on a banke called Tod- 
mere banck underwoods of birch older hawthorn &c. to the 
quantitie of 68 acres which have not bine used to be incopized 
nor anie sale heretofore to be made thereof and they are w(jrth 
everie acre one with another to be sould 1'' lo" which amounteth 
to the some of 102''. 



DUFFIELD FOREST IN THE SIXTEENTH CENTURY 20I 

There is also growing within thys ward on a banck called 
Shawebanck like underwood to the quantitie of 40 acres everie 
acre worth one with another to be sould 2^ which amounteth to 
the some of — 4''. 

BeLPAR PARKE. 

Belpar parke lyeth in the parishe of Duffield in the said 
Countie yt conteyneth in compasse i myle Ther ys growinge 
only in this parke underwoodes of older hasell hathorne &c. to 
the quantitie of 80 acres everie acre worth one with another to 
be sould 6^ 8'' which amounteth to the some of 2" a 3^ 4^. 

Ravensdale parke. 

Raunsdale parke lyethe in the parishe of Muggentone in the 
said Countie yt conteyneth in compasse 3 myles. There groweth 
in thys parke of stubbed trees 240 — everie stubb worth one with 
another i^ which amounteth to the some of 12^'. 

Mauncell parke. 

Mauncell parke lyeth in the said parishe of Muggentonne in 
the countye aforesaid yt conteynith in compasse 2 myles ther 
groweth in thys parke of stubbed trees 80 everie stubb worth one 
with another i'' which amounteth to the some of 4''. 

Posterne parke. 

Posterne parke' lyeth in the parishe of Duffield in the said 
countie yt conteyneth in compasse 3 myles. There groweth in 
thys [)arke of timber trees 220 everie tree worth one with an- 
other 10* which amounteth to the some of iio''. 

There groweth also in thys parke of pollengers or younge 
timber poles — 320 everie pollenger worth one with another 
2^ 6"^ which amounteth to the some of 40''. 

There ys also growinge in thys parke of stubbed trees 80 e\erie 
stubbe worth one with another 2s. which amounteth to the some 
of 8". 



202 DUFFIELU FOREST IN THE SIXTEENTH CENTURY. 

In 1581 a Commission was issued to Edward Stanhope and 
other gentlemen to survey and fully report on the condition of 
the Frith and its capabilities. At this time there were only a 
very few deer left in Maunsell Park ; Alderwasley was no longer 
reckoned as part of the Frith. Their return is of quite sufficient 
interest to be cited in full.* 

The Certificate of Edward Stanhope Willm Agard and Simon 
Arden esquiers upon their veiw and survey of the waste of 
Duffield frith and other things to them and to George Abell 
gent comitted to view and certifie by virtue of the Queue's 
Majesties Commission bearing date the xxiij day of ffebruary in 
the xxiij year of the Queues Majestic reign. 

I. — By virtue of the Quenes Majesties Commission to us 
directed under her Majestic scale of the Duchy of Lancaster 
bearing date the xxiij day of ffebruary in the three and twcntith 
yere of her highnes reign Wc came the third day of April last 
past to the place mentioned in the saide Commission in the 
county of Derby and calling before us the woodwardes and 
collectors of the wardes being the wastes of Duffield ffryth men- 
tioned in the said Commission and divers also of her Majestie's 
Tenantes copyholders and free holders of her mannors within the 
saide frithe of Duffield with the members to the number of 
Thirtie and upwarde We doe finde as well by our owne vicwe 
perambulation and survey As by their Confession That there 
are within her Majestie's free chase of Duffield frithe aforesaid 
Three great wastes or comon groundes whereof thone is called 
Holland 'Ward thother Duffild 'Ward the third Bellparr warde 
And that of eche of the said wardes there is one woodward 
Collector or forester in fee viz. John Roper who claymeth the 
patent to be collector of Holland warde, Roger Brokeshawe who 
claymeth to be forester in fee of Duffild warde and Collector of 
the same by patent And George Sellers who claymeth to be 
Collector by patent of Bellparr warde Whiche wardes appeare 
and are likewise confessed as aforsaide That they were and are 
a free chase of ffallow deare vnto her Majesties honor of Tudbery 

* Duchy of Lancaster. Special Commissions, 305. 



DUFFIELD FOREST IN THE SIXTEENTH CENTURY. 2O3 

and were till of late yeres replenished with game of fallow deare 
and had divers other officers and ministers of chase as ffost^rs 
in ffee Bowbearer and suche like. Some of which offices divers 
gentlemen and others of those partes of that Countrey did clayme 
to them and their heires in ffee And to have by their grauntes 
thereof houseboote hedgeboote and fierboote* within the said 
chase But because the said game is utterlie destroyed and 
gone we did not call for the sight of any suche their graunts or 
further presse of the same. 

-• — ^"d as unto the vnderwoods groweing upon the said 
wastes and woodsoyle therof mentioned in the saide Commission 
we do finde by our view perambulation confession of the 
Tenantes and conferens with them and with the saide officers of 
the saide wardes That within the said Holland Warde there is 
a great deal of playne grounde and a great quantity of wooddy 
and bushy ground The estimate of the acres whereof we can- 
not sett downe because it consisteth chiefiie and is but thinn sett 
thorow out the saide waste with scrubby hollyns, white thorne, 
old okes but litle timber some hassill and other vnderwood here 
and there in Tufts And a good quantitie of alders groweing in 
sundry plattes. 

3.— Item that there is in Duffild Ward likewise a great deale 
of playne ground and a great deal also of wood soyle some part 
wherof is knowen by the name of Chevyn The quantitie of 
which wood ground by acres we cannot likewise sett downe 
because it is but thinn sett with wood and yet semeth to have 
ben better preserved then the former woods consisting chiefiie of 
the vnderwood of hollyns mapill hassell white thorn and other 
underwood And there are also many great okes wherof divers of 
them are tymber. 

4.— Item that there is in Eellparr warde likewise a great deale 
of playne ground and a great deale also of woodsoyle the 
quantitie of which woodground by acres we cannot likewise sett 
downe because it is but thim sett of wood consisting chiefiie of 
birkes h ollyns and some other underwood but in divers bankes 
i.e., Wood for buikling, hedging, and fuel. ^ 



2 04 DUFFIELD FOREST IN THE SIXTEENTH CENTURY. 

and places therof the most sture of underwood is birkes And 
there are also divers okes where(jf some of them are tymber 
trees. 

5. — And furder we do fynde by the clayme demaund and con- 
fession of the saide Tenantes and officers That the woodes within 
the saide wardes have ben thus vsed by Her Majesty's Tenantes 
and Copyholders bordering upon the same have vsed to have 
every thirde yere reasonable hedgeboote to hedge those partes 
of their comon come fieldes that do abutt upon the saide woodes 
or waste groundes And further that they have used in winter 
yerly to cropp browse or topp of the hoUyns and of some other 
of the saide vnderwoods groweing within the said wardes by a 
good quantity yerly for browse and relieff of the Queue's game 
when there were deare there and the Tenantes for their Cattaill 
and shepe for which cropping and relieff for their cattaill and 
shape they are yerly amerced, having regard to the quantity, that 
is yerly so cropped Which wood notwithstanding so cropped 
browsed and topped The collectors have used towards the latter 
end of winter to view and deviding the same into parcells to sett 
unto the Queues Majesties use to her Tenantes aforesaid as he 
and they could agree for fierwood accompting fox the same at 
her Majesties Auditt at Tudbery And that all borderers and 
straungers not being Tenantes taking away any of the saide 
woodes or Tenantes taking away any without the sale of the 
saide Collectors are for the same amerced in her Majesties 
Courtes of Duffield called Woodmotes. 

And furder we do finde as aforesaide That all the Alders within 
the saide Wardes have ben felled and s(jld by the ground to her 
Majesties use of late yeares And that all her Majesties Tenantes 
of Duffild Eellparr, Makely, Hasselwood, Windell and Turne- 
ditche, Howbroke and Southwood Holland Ideridghey Byggin 
Ireton wood Bellparr Hiege, and other houses within the precinct 
of the saide Duffild frith do clayme and use comon of pasture for 
their shepe and all other cattaill within and thorow out the 
common soyle of all the said wardes namely those chiefly in 
eche of them which do abutt and boundes vpon the same 



DUFFIELD FOREST IN THE SIXTEENTH CENTURY. 205 

Item we do furder finde as aforesaide That small benefite may 
arise to her Majestic by encopsing of the saide woodes as well for 
that the same be for the moste parte but thinn sett upon the 
saide wastes as aforesaide as for that they consist chiefly uppon 
hollyns which being old trees do well renewe in Topp wood 
after cropping and browsing And are doubtfuU they would not 
in long tyme arise to any good wood being felled at the roote ffor 
that also the Alders by being loked unto from stelthe and cutting 
will sufficientlie rise againe without encopsing, being felled by 
the roote And for that the birkes which be chieflie in Bellparr 
warde being felled by the rootes eche yere bear a reasonable 
portion and being loked imto by a woddward appointed to kepe 
great cattaill of from the spring thereof three or foure yeres after 
they be felled will rise sufficientlie to be trees againe. 

The chief reason also why we thinke none of the premises 
convenient to be encopsed is for that the encopsing thereof would 
be more prejudiciall to her Majesties tenantes dwelling within 
the said frith being a great manred* of men and many of them 
pore men living chiefly upon the relief of the pasturage of the 
commons for their cattaill and shepe then avaylable for the 
increase of the said woodes But we do finde as aforesaide 
That her Majestie may make to herself suche yerlye revenew and 
profitt as hereafter enseweth by making a lease of the said vnder- 
woods So as the same may be used in maner and forme hereafter 
ensewing That is to say the said Alders within all the saide three 
wardes and the wastes of the same to be letten for yeres to such 
as shall devide them or proportion them into Tenn partes or 
haggesf selling every yere one hagge only not encopsing the 
same nor selling any suche hagg after the first fall vnder tenn 
yeres groweth. 

Item the said hollyns and other vnderwoodes to be letten for 
yeres to suche as shall devide and proportion by markes and 
boundes only without any other partition the woodsoyle of euery 

* Manred = dependence, or vassalage. 

t " Hagge " or hag was the name given to a certain portion of wood to 
be felled assigned to a single woodman, the whole fall was termed a "flag." 



2o6 DUFFIELD FOREST IN THE SIXTEENTH CENTURY. 

of the said three wardes into tenn partes or hagges not encopsing 
the same And after the same so proportioned To begynn with 
one hagge tliat shall lye at one end or side thereof Topping the 
bowes of the said hollyns within the said hagge vsiially to be 
topped at the height they have ben usuallie Topped betwixt 
the first day of December and the first day of Marche onlie yerlie 
And letting every of the said toppes lye after it be topped one 
monethe at the least for the cattaill of her Majesties tenantes to 
browse uppon the leaffe and barke of the saide toppes Per- 
mitting also any of her Majesties tenantes commoners within the 
said ward to topp any of the hollyns within the saide hagge of 
the said warde that yere by her said Tenantes appointed to be 
topped at any time betwixt the said ffirst day of December and 
the said first day of Marche yerlie The said Tenantes com- 
moners letting the said Toppwood lye for the browse of their 
cattaill onlie And the wood thereof to remayne to him to 
whome her Majestie shall demise the said Toppwood which 
order of Topping of the saide hollyns we have thought in favour 
of her Majesties tenantes and copyholders there convenient to 
advertise and certifie that it is requisite for the Tenante that 
shalbe of the saide woodd to obserue in his said graunt, because 
we do finde the browse thereof to be a great relieff for the Quenes 
Majesties tenantes and Inhabitants of the said frieth for cattaill 
And in like maner to deale withall maner other vnderwood 
standing within the saide hagge that yere appointed to be topped 
Saving that there is to be allowed and felled onlie by her 
Majesties tenantes and copyholders out of the Toppes of the 
said vnderwood that yere to be topped except hollyns Suche 
reasonable hedgeboot for their ancient hedges boundinge upon 
the same as they have vsuallie had by the view of the wood- 
wardes of the saide woodes Or as shalbe by a furder inquiry or 
Survey found that they have customablie had and convenient to 
be enioyed All which other underwoods to be topped above 
the height or reache of ordinary beastes for destroying the spring 
of the hedd there And so the next yere to procede with the 
next hagge to the same adjoyning And in like order to go 



I 



DUFFIEI.D FOREST IN THE SIXTEENTH CENTURY. 207 

thnrow the hole ward not topping in any one hagge after it is 
onre topped till the toppes he againe of tenn yeares growethe 
Item that in every suche proportion or hagge within the said 
Bellparr warde That the tenante thereof may fell all the birkes 
that yere groweing within the same by the ground appointing 
a carefull overseer of the said woods that shall for the spare of 
three years after any of the said birkes be felled kepe of noysome 
and hurtfull beastes for suche wood till the saide birkes shalbe of 
iij or iiij yeres groweth ffor all which saide Alders topwood of 
hollyns and ther onderwood aforesaid and birkes to be topped 
and felled yerelie in maner and forme aforesaide we do certifie 
that we thinke her Majestic may reserve the yerlie rent of five 
poundes. 

6. — Item We do furder finde as is aforesaide That there is in 
his saide lease to be excepted and allowed vnto the collectors 
woodwardes and other officers of eche of the said wardes so many 
loades for ther fierwood or hedgwood as shall hereafter by certi- 
ficate upon a furder surv-ey be found That either by graunt or 
customable use hathe belonged or ben dewe unto them for thexe- 
cution of the saide offices and that hath ben so vsuallie had and 
taken out of the underwoods aforesaid Or in default of such 
commission and survey suche as they shall hereafter in the 
honorable court of the Duchy prove to be dewe and belonging 
to the said Offi.ces They attending and regarding the saide wardes 
and the woodes as well standing as to be felled or topped as 
aforesaid from spoyle waste destruction stealing or carieing away 
in suche sorte as hertofore they have vsuallie done or ought to 
have done. 

7. — Item the aptest places that we do finde within any of the 
saide wastes for the erecting or setting up of any bloweng mill 
for the melting of lead ower (the same intended to be a water 
mill) is in Holland warde at one litle broke called Holland broke 
or the broke in Holland ward rising within the same of two or 
iij small springes And in Chevyn or Duffeld ward at one litle 
broke called black broke about the bottom and lowest falls of 
eche of the said brokes which said brokes are thought will .serve 



2o3 DUFFIEI.D FOREST IN THE SIXTEENTH CENTURY. 

for that purpose So there may be one small overshot mill at 
eche of them and will haue water to furnish worke one day at 
thone and an other day at thother onles it be in the drought of 
somer And which we are rather inclined to thinke because that 
nere unto the broke which is in Holland ward we do see one or 
two great and auncient heapes of Iron slagg or Cinders whereby 
it should seem there hathe ben some water worke there for 
melting of Iron stone* therefor if any will take upon him to 
erect suche a mill upon eche of the saide brokes we do finde that 
without any great prejudice to any of her Majesties tenantes 
there, there may be taken in of the soyle for the seate of the 
saide mill at eche of the saide places and for necessary yerdes 
backsides and easements to be used with the same and passage to 
the mill damme or dammes two acres of grounde And we do find 
that he may then yeld to her Majestie for the said soyle and 
milles so to be erected at his own charges five shillings a pece 
by the yere so as he may have some allowaunce of timber for the 
building thereof and libertie to gett aswell stone for his damme 
and other workmanship aboute his saide Mills and fierstone if 
any be, or other stone for his harthes and fumisses from tyme to 
tyme to be taken digged or gotten within any of the saide wastes. 
8. — Item We do finde by conferens with some of the tenantes 
and with some others at the same time that haue had to do in 
matter of lead melting and buyeng of ower That divers lordes 
and owners of mannors within the said County of Derby haue 
used to haue the preferment of buyeng of such ower as is gotten 
within their saide manors by the Mynors And that the moste 
lordes and owners of mannors within the saide Countie of late 
yeres that haue ben disposed to buy ower and make the led 
themselves have had the preferment of buying of suche ower as 
is gotten within their saide manners offring to pay and payeing at 
the meet dayes redy money for the same as muche as the vsuali 
price is and as others do geve And we do therefore likewise 
and upon viewe of some other matters concerninge mynerye 

* See the reference to a forge in the cited account roll of the Frith for 

I3I3-I4- 



DUFFIELD FOREST IN THE SIXTEENTH CENTURY. 2O9 

thinke and finde that the same preferment is and may be in like 
sorte used within her Majesties manners and groundes aswell 
within her Majesties Wapentake of Wirkesworth as els where 
within her countie of Derby being parcel! of the possessions of 
her honor of Tudbery or Duchy of Lancaster And it is worthe 
to be geven for every loade of ower so to be bought by pre- 
emption one halfe peny of which loades every twelve do comonlie 
make a fother or there aboutes and In witness of which this our 
Certificate for the execution of the said Commission we whose 
names be hereunder written have hereunto sett our handes and 

scales. 

E. Stanhope. Wm. Agard. 

Svmon Arden. 



In 1587 the inhabitants of Duffield Frith .sent the following 
Petition to the Queen through the Duchy official. 

Most humblie besecheth your honor your poore suppliantes 
the inhabitantes and borderers of the Queue her Majesties Chase 
called Duffelde ffrith being her Majestie's waste of her mannor of 
Duffield and of her highnes honor of Tutberie in the Countie 
of Derbie that where your honours humble suppliantes inhabit- 
ing and borderinge the same Chase being of Coppie houlders 
free houlders and auncient Cottagers and househoulders In 
number five hundred and nine and of their wifes children and 
families in number eighteen hundred all which freehoulders 
coppie houlders and all those whose estates they haue beynge her 
Majestie's tenants have tyme out of mynde hade taken and quietly 
enjoyed free comon of pasture for their catle without number in 
the same Chase and waste ground called Duffield fryth and have 
also used by all the same tyme every yeare from the feaste daye 
of saint Martine in winter to crope and browse of her Majestie's 
said woods in the said Cha.se rea.sonable and sufficient bowwood 
of all maner underwoodes therfore their saide Catle so oft as 
snoe froste or any harde wether sholde hapen to be and as their 
Catle needed vntill the ende of februar}'e nexte following the 
said feaste dale of Sainte Martine And in thende of everv winter 
14 



2IO DUFFIELD FOREST IN THE SIXTEENTH CENTURY. 

the said croping and browsewnodes have been soulde in the said 
inhabitants and borderers by her Majesties offirers of the same 
Chase and the prices thereof aunswered to her Majestie And 
also by all the time of mans remembraunce some of the said 
inhabitants and borderers have used taken and hade in the same 
her Majestie's chase by grantes or custome as in right of her 
manor and howses howsebootes heyebootes plowebootes and 
hedgeboote with convenient and reasonable firewood to burne in 
their dwellinge howses and maner places besides the great relief 
of the said poore auncient Cotagers inhabitinge and borderinge 
the said her Majestie's Chase whiche they have hade of the 
comon and woodes in the said chase by her Majestie's goodness 
and good favour of the honorable Chauncellors of her Duchie of 
Lancaster your honours predecessors and quietly in reasonable 
sorte injoyed to their great eade and comfort and meinteining 
of their lives tyme out of mynde Nowe if it may please your 
honor we your humble suppliants the said inhabitants and 
borderers are put in feare that some haue or seeke to haue by 
lease or otherwise her Majesties woods and vnder woods in 
same Chase from us your poore supliants and so as not only 
therby all your honors poore suppliantes having any right or 
interest in the same woofles by auncient custome or other wayes 
are like to be molested and grevouslye troubled and put to 
extreme charges in suite for the same but we and all the reste of 
your honours suppliants brought to great needines and povertie 
if those her Majestie's woodes or comon of pasture in the same 
chase be graunted from us for Right honorable suche is the 
barrennes of our soil there and so stande our habitations as 
her Majestie's woodes or our comon of pasture in the same 
chase taken from us we and all ours shall be utterly impoverished 
therby and constrayned to seeke dwellinges other where In 
tender consideration whereof as your honor hath bene alvayes 
a moste carefull majestret for the honor of her Majestie and pre- 
servation of her comon wealth then which her highnes nothing 
more intendeth nor regardeth our humble petition is that it may 
please vour honor of your meare accustomed pitie and tender 



DUFFIELD FOREST IN THE SIXTEENTH CENTURY. 211 

love towardes us her highnes faythfull Inyall people who without 
redrese by your honor are in great feare least we and all ours 
shalhe made poore and unable to abide where we are not only 
by your honors wysedom and authoritie vnder her highnes to 
assist and shield us her majestie's people from that extremitie 
sought against us and so order our cause as to your wysedom 
maye seme meetest for her Majestie and us her poore subjectes 
but also to move her highnes most honorable and gracious favor 
towardes us so as her Majestie's graunt of these woodes if any be 
by bill assigned or otherwise paste from her Majestie as we 
feare ther is her Majestie by your honors good meanes may be 
moved to revoke the same And we her Majestie's people 
prayinge for her highnes as we alwayes have done shalbe bound 
to praye also for your honors longe contynuance in the state of 
government vnder her Majestie wherein your faithfull service to 
her highnes hathe bene and with all care and dew respecte to 
her Majestie moste honorable imployed. 
Endd. 2 Sept. 1587. 

The petition of the inhabitants and borderers of Duffield 
fryth in the County of Derrby. 



I 



In June, 1588, Mr. Edward Stanhope was appointed by the 
council to enter into the grievances of the tenants of the Frith, 
and wrote them the following letter : — 

I commende me hartely unto you and as the bearer can informe 
you it is Mr. Chauncellors expresse pleasure that I should 
appoint a tyme when half a score of you best acquaynted with 
the state of your liberties may come in the behalfe of you all 
unto me to Nottingham where I may make you acquainted with 
his honours intention in a late sute made unto him for some 
comodite to be raysed to her Majestie of some of the woods and 
underwoods in Duffield ffrieth as well how farr forth the same 
is meant to be done as wherein the same may prejudice you or 
any of you her Majestie's tenantes wherein his honour will I 
hope be drawrn to graunt litle or no more then was about five 
or sixe yeres past certified by a Commiseion directed to me and 



212 DUFFIELD FOREST IN THE SIXTEENTH CENTURY. 

Others what might he done without great prejudice to you 
whereof at that tyme I had speciall care, and so will still have 
if I may finde you inclinable to my good conformity Theis 
shalhe therefore to will you to send unto me against ffriday 
morninge nexte being the v"^ of July by viij of the clocke to 
Nottingham about the number of viij or x of yourselfes as is 
before specified to whome I may imparte Mr. Chauncellors 
pleasure furder at large and may heare of them in all your 
behalfes how farr forth the same may any way justly greve you 
and to debate and conclude what shall seme further reason upon 
coriferens therof, wherof faile you not for I shall go presentely 
after that day to York to serve her Majestie there and shall 
hardly have any other tyme till Michelmas. From Grays Inn the 
xxvij^'' of June 1588. 

Your loving ffrinde, 

E. Stanhope Supervisor. 



Endd.- — To hi.s loving ffrindes the Queues Majestie's Tenantes of 
Duffield fifrieth. 

The representative tenants appeared before Mr. Stanhope at 
Nottingham in the following month, and the following Report 
was then forwarded to the Chancellor of the Duchy : — * 

By your honors appointment for me to deale with the Tenantes 
of Duffield to call them before me and heare what they could 
alledge why your honor for thadvauncement of her Majestie's 
revenewe might not demise the woods of Duffield ffrieth 
especiallie in such sorte as was certified upon a former com- 
mission dated the xxiij'^ day of ffebruary in the xxiij'^ yere of 
her Majestie's reigne and returned into the Court Or els to heare 
what they would yeld to those whome her Majestie meant to 
bestowe it of, if the Tenantes might have it graunted to them- 
selves to vse and pay as that certificate dothe direct, I did warne 
them to be with a competent number of the better sorte of them 
before me at Nottingham the v* of July last past whither came 



Duchy of Lancaster, Special Commission, No. 305, 



DUFFIELD FOREST IN THE SIXTEENTH CENTURY. 2 1 3 



The Queues Majestie's 
Tenantes of Duffield 
ffrieth in the busines 
of themselves and 
the rest. 



Roger Brockshawe 

John Roper 

WilHam Bradshaw 

Henry Wetton 

George Alestrye 

William Johnson 

Roberte Mellors 
And after I had imparted your honors good intent towards 
them and a